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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 9, 2013 6:00am-7:01am EDT

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welcome to the news hour. these are the top stories. the new face of iran, signs of movement over its nuclear program just a week ahead of negotiations. southeast asian leaders meet to create one of the world's biggest free trade areas but tricky territorial sfuts overshadow talks.
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you can't make extortion routine as part of our democracy. >> barack obama tells u.s. republicans to stop making threats over the budget and bring an end to the government shutdown. afghan families have had to wait decades for information on relatives who went missing under communist rule. there are signs of the west and iran are growing closer together. it's a week now until negotiations resume. there are reports that iran has put together a new package of proposals. that would mean it stops making weapons grade nuclear material in return for sanctions being relaxed. the british government says it's looking at re-opening its embassy in tehran. here's the reaction from the iranian capital.
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>> translator: in my opinion, it's natural that there would be relations between iran and all other countries. i think it's a good idea that the british embassy re-open in iran. having relations with any country, even if it's limited, is a good idea. anyway, international relations are beneficial and in my view it has some positive impacts. >> translator: while it is honorable any embassy in the country considering the better relations expected between iran and the u.s. i think resuming ties with the u.k. is a very good idea, as our foreign ministry has emphasized we seek better relations with the world. in the past the u.s. and the u.k. have had a hostile approach towards us, and they still do. i think anyway it is better to have relations with them and the re-opening of the british embassy is not a bad idea. >> translator: today it is better to have relations rather than not having relations. as mr. rouhani said, we should have relations with the world based on mutual respect. before the revolution, the u.k.
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had a colognal policy and wanted to take advantage of the oil. this time i don't know what the goal for resuming ties is. i'm sure our officials know what to do. >> sanctions against iran began seven years ago beginning in 2006. the u.n. ratified four rounds of sanctions against iran. they included a ban on the supply of heavy weaponry and nuclear-related technology. 2011 saw the beginning of sanctions targeting iran's oil and gas industry. the u.s., canada and the eu blocked the export of key equipment used to refine natural gas. prominent individuals were also prevented from entering the eu. in june 2012, the u.s. followed by the eu banned banks from completing oil transactions with iranian banks and targeted companies that have aided iran's oil sector. i'm joined now live from tehran
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by a political analyst from the university of tehran. what do you make of the warmer relations between iran and now the u.k.? if you can hear me, what do you make of these -- >> i cannot hear you, but if i can point out a couple of things that are linked to your package. that is that the iranian government has said repeatedly that it is willing to be flexible but that the nuclear program itself, including peaceful enrichment -- enrichment for peaceful purposes is not on the table. from the very start the iranians said that enrichment at 20% was not something that the iranians are pursuing if they could obtain nuclear fuel from abroad. western countries basically prevented iran from purchasing
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nuclear fuel at 20% enrichment for producing medical isotopes. since the western countries were taking ordinary iranian patients hostage, about a million people a year use these medicines, these isotopes, the iranians decided to make their own nuclear fuel. from the very start the only reason why iran produced enriched uranium at 20% was because of pressure by western countries. >> all right. we'll have to leave it there with a political analyst joining us from tehran there. in about an hour from now np inspectors are due to give an update in how their work is progressing in destroying syria's chemical weapons. a time from the organization is already inside the country. a plan is also being put together, which would see the u.n. take care of mainly security and logistics. inspectors have about nine months to carry out their
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mission. >> it's quite a challenge because as the letter makes -- as the letter makes clear, it's going to be an operation the likes of which quite simply have never been tried before. begin the wartime circumstances on the ground as well as the dangerous nature of the chemical weapons that are to be destroyed. this is a challenging task, and we'll see what the experts can come up with. we're going to go to some news just in, breaking news from egypt where egyptian state news is reporting that the trial of former president -- ousted president mohamed morsi has been set for the 4th of november. again, the trial of mohamed morsi has been set for the 4th of november. we will, of course, bring you more on this as we get it.
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let's move on to other news now. they're supposed to set up one of the world's biggest trading areas representing 600 million people. the southeast asian leaders meeting for a summit many brunei are hampered by disputes over islands and natural resources. what's more, china and japan aren't members of asean and are involved in some of the disputes and have been invited as well. japan says it controls a group of uninhabited islands in the east china sea it calls senkaku, but china which calls the same islands diaoyu says they're part of its territory. they're close to strategic shipping lanes and believed to contain natural resources. moving to the south china sea and here it gets complicated, another clikz collection of items known as the spratlies are claimed by several countries including china, the philippines, vietnam, malaysia
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and brunei. the spratly are believed to contain vast mineral and oil wealth. in a moment will be live to our correspondent in the southern china city of sanya close to the spratly islands. first let's go to scott at the summit in brunei. what's on the agenda for today? >> reporter: there are a lot of things on the agenda. it's a long day. it just is coming to an end. it started with planary meetings with the asean members because they had housekeeping to take care of but important steps to go forward. they have a goal to be more of a community acting as a single community, these nations. there's a long road ahead with that. we've passed rules how they better monitor haze that plagues a couple of nations. ten nations, three of those nations. this issue, yes, of the sfuted territories would have been brought up in the meeting but
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also in breakout separate summits in the afternoon, one with the united states, one with japan and one with korea and one with china. we have a story right at the front of this territorial dispute. >> reporter: this fish port is one of the busiest in southern china. last year the catch brought back was 70,000 tons, worth some $200 million u.s. dollars. this fisherman says it isn't as easy to earn money as it used to be. for a higher wage, they go further out to sea, battle stronger currents and risk encountering vessels from neighboring countries. >> reporter: the islands are all chinese territory. we're not afraid of going fishing there. our navy will protect us. >> reporter: it's the presence of the chinese military in disputed waters some 330 ki kilometers away that has raised tensions in the region. china says it has a historical claim on almost all of the resource-rich south china sea, but some of its neighbors
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disagree, and china is being accused of becoming more and more aggressive in protecting its fishermen. the fishing community here says the chinese government encourages them to go further out and into disputed waters, giving them freshwater for the journey and free petro. it allows a larger catch but strengthens the claim of sovereignty, a claim formally contested by the philippines before an international maritime tribunal, an unwelcome move on this side of the water. the chinese government has maintained the matter should be kept between the states directly involved. >> translator: the two sides should use peaceful means to handle the issues through dialogue and negotiation in order to safeguard bilateral relations and resolve stability. >> reporter: china agreed to sit down with asean member countries and begin discussions for a more binding code of conduct, but for the fishing community here, the
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entanglements of governments and international law are beyond their concern. >> translator: the fishermen can get along very well, even if you're from different countries. to be honest, we tonight care about politics. >> reporter: there are no barriers at sea they say here, and there must be a way for everyone to benefit. like fishermen elsewhere, those in sanya say they only want to earn a living without risking the start of a war. >> let's go to madga joining us from southern china. that territorial dispute that affects of farmers in your story, where is it now politically? >> reporter: as you mentioned earlier, it is the beginning of more formal discussions on this code of conduct, which will be seen as more binding. prior to this administration of jinping, the chinese government refused to sit down and even discuss a code of conduct saying
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that a declaration of conduct, which was pretty much a simple political statement, which they agreed with asean back in 2002, was enough. basically all that did was have all the parties agreeing to try to keep things peaceful and not basically increase any tensions by aggressively acting against another claimant state. that has basically not really worked as over the last few mosses the philippines and vietnam have accused them of having bullying tactics by having their coast guard or navy present in disputed waters. the fiphilippines formally complained against china and brought the matter up for international arbitration. china under jinping has agreed to begin talks on a more binding code of conduct, which they hope will come up with a mechanism so that the disputes can be dealt
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with more formally. >> thank you very much. that was scott joining us from the ascene sean summit in brunei. back to the story from egypt now. state media is reporting that deposed president mohamed morsi will stand trial for murder on the 4th of november. we can get the latest from our correspondent in cairo now. we're not naming them for security reasons. what more can you tell us about this news? >> reporter: well, we know pretty much as much as you do that a date has been set for a trial of mohamed morsi for early november. of course, mr. morsi has been held in detention at an undisclosed location since he was arrested by the military here on july 3rd. he's been detained ever since. he's been allowed to speak to his family just once during the
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detention. katherine ashton has managed to see him as well, but he haven the had much chance to speak to his family members. he's charged with committing encitement to murder and committing murder. it's down to something that happened last december outside of the presidential palace. there was violence and seven people killed. that's what they're putting him on trial for. of course, the rest of the world will be watching to see how this trial is conducted. >> thank you very much for that update. that's our correspondent joining us from cairo. still to come on al jazeera, the united nations, haiti's cholera victims are asking for compensation. they're making progress as they try to break into the indian retail sector. we'll have the latest details coming up. the boston red sox maim it to the championship series. joe will have all the details coming up in sports.
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sudan's president has launched a strong attack against opponents of his economic reforms. last month cuts to fuel subsidies resulted in the price of petro doubling overnight. at least 50 people are thought to have died in the subsequent riots. let's go to our correspondent. he's joining us live from khartoum now. what does president bashir have to say? >> reporter: well, it was a very short speech by his standards. i was inaugurating a dam in the eastern state. when he talked about the protesto protestors, he basically described them as thugs, traitors and agents, thieves, people who want to destroy khartoum. he sort of very defiantly said that those agents and traitors
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thought that when the trouble started, khartoum was going to fall, but khartoum will remain and khartoum is still strong. he also said in the end that he was saluting the youth, those working on our project as he put it. those are pure youth, not the agents and traitors who went down to the streets. >> fighting words there. how do you think people will respond to this speech? >> reporter: i don't think people will be very surprised, because al bashir is known as a man with a feisty rhetoric. there's a back fwround to this. a few days before the protest started, so a few days before actually the government announced these cuts in subsidies, he had actually had a press conference that many sudanese were angered by. they thought he berated them. at the time he said i don't know
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what people are complaining about. sudanese have never eaten hot dogs before i came to power. i think this is very much in tune with what they know about their president. now, the protestors are those who are calling for peaceful protests, those calling for change. i think they will be quite disappointed. i think that the wedge and the rift between the two sides is still there and probably a speech like this one will make that rift go a little bit wider. >> thank you very much for that. she's joining us from the sudanese capital char how many. the head of the european commission has been heckled by residents as he visited the island of lamp deuce sa. he was joined by the i will tal yeen prime minister as he met recovery teams. these 275 people are known to have died in last week's migrant boat disaster. for more on this, i'm joined by our course tent who is in
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lampedusa for us. claudio, not a very warm welcome for the prime minister. >> reporter: far from it, elizabeth. i doubt it was the welcoming he was hoping for. an hour ago he came out of the town hall where he met with the italian prime minister, the mayor of this island, and when he came out he was welcomed by angry booing from residents from this island who gave them shouts of shame, shame, and they called them assassins, murderers. they were quite angry, and, of course, strong words there. we spoke to them afterwards, and they said what they're angry about is they see this as yet another catwalk by politicians who like to come here over and over again to show solidarity after big tragedies like last week's, and then nothing really is being done to help. barroso on twitter this morning said he came here to show solidarity through concrete
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actions. of course, residents of this island and italy as a whole look forward to see what the actions a are. >> what are residents asking for and how do they want the eu to help here? what can they do? >> reporter: they say they should open a humanitarian corridor for safe passage for those migrants looking to escape so thesh reach the italian shores safely. the risk for these migrants is they reach the italian shores and they die in the last mile because they're thrown at sea or abandoned by the captains like last week. italy is asking for money, of course, funds to increase the capacity of the reception centers in italy. they are already overflowing. we'll see whether there will be concrete actions that barroso
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was talking about. claudio joins us from lampedusa. now, the u.s. is denying reports that all military aid could be withdrawn from egypt. it's been reported that the obama administration has been considering holding back up to $1.5 billion since the military coup in july. meanwhile, protests against that coup have continued. more than 1,000 students rallied at cairo university. there were also demonstrations at a university north of cairo. the world's biggest retailer walmart is ending its indian joint venture and going it alone as a wholesaler. it's buying out the 50% share owned by barti enterprises. the company is trying to break into india's huge but underdeveloped retail sector. it says it's finding it hard to deal with strict government regulations aimed at protecting local businesses.
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up until last year india's $500 billion retail market was reserved mostly for indian companies. in september of 2012 they changed the law to allow large, foreign retail chains to invest more, but a critical stumbling block is the stipulation that foreign chains must sell 30% of their products locally. we have a financial journalist live from new delhi. very good to have you with us. why is walmart and barti enterprises breaking up the joint venture here? why couldn't they make a go of it? >> elizabeth, i think you've got to broadly apportion this this three categories. one is political and third is corporate. on the political front, we'll having a general elections in the month of february. the current opposition party has made it very clear they're not going to allow the walmarts of the world to come and operate in
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india. it may be political posturing, but it's something that's been on the minds of every single player existing or who was going to come into the country. on the regulatory front, you mentioned yourself it's been a year since very, very debatable entry of the mission given by the government to allow majority state for any foreign player into the huge retail market of india. it hasn't taken off, and that's simply because of the impeding clause insisting on 30% sourcing of products from local markets. it makes it very difficult for stores like walmart to operate. they work with economies scale, and they're known best to use logistics of buying for one country and selling into another. >> if i can interrupt you there, is that clause 30% of the product be forced locally, is that such a bad thing? is that unreasonable, would you
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say? >> it certainly isn't, but perhaps it may have economic ramifications on a company like walmart, particularly because it sources a lot of material from cheaper countries and would like to take advantage of the economies of scale and its huge logistical operations. from the political point of view and socioeconomic point of view, it's correct from india, but may not make sense in the long run. it's interesting to note there's a corporate issue as well. barti is the largest telecom player in india. it has a high debt of $12 billion on its balance sheet and can ill-afford to take on more debt. for a business like retail that involves a huge amount of cash, a high gestation period and low margin, getting more debt is perhaps not possible for them. they focus on the telecom sector. walmart has been aggressive in the market, and a party of
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sources tell me they would like to go about it on their own at their own pace. there's an angle of bribery that took place last year, which concluded with the indian head of operations having to terminate his employment. this entire issue of corporate social government which the american laws and particularly walmart are very cagey and stringent about. it has also taken its toll. it's giving walmart a sense of balance and of encouraging it to perhaps slow town operations as it goes along. >> absolutely. it has been a -- >> they make a decision for the market in india. >> a deal fraught with difficulties there. thank you for joining us from the indian capital of new delhi. millions of people in
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southern india face power blackouts for a sixth day. electricity workers went on strike after the government announced a plan to split it into two states. the curfew has been put in place to prevent violent protests. in bangladesh they found a former minister guilty of crimes against humanity. he's the second bang lash r la desh party member to be fount guilty. earlier this month shown here he was sentenced to death for genocide. alim has been sentenced to life imprisonment. at least eight people have been killed in a garment factory fire in bangladesh. it happened in gazi port on the outskirts of the capital. the fire engulfed a warehouse and two other buildings. the government of myanmar is meeting members of the independent organization as part of an effort to resolve a bloody
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conflict with rebel fighters. the kio has struggled for greater freedom since it was established in 1961. in may 2011 a 17-year truce ended after fighting broke out between rebels and government troops. as a result of the violence, tens of thousands of people have been displaced inside the state. florence lui has this report. >> reporter: their songs speak of a longing for piece in their land. they belong to the kachin ethnic group. they gathered here to welcome rebel leaders from what's known as the kachin independence army. they emerged from the jungle stronghold towards peace talks. >> translator: the kachin is our truced group. >> reporter: since a 17-year
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truce was broken, rebel leaders have fought against government troops. tens of thousands of people have been displaced because of the conflict. >> translator: as a consequence of war, everything has been affected in our region. education, health and social life. >> reporter: the kachin independence organization, the political wing of the rebel faction, is the only major armed ethnic group that has yet to agree to a cease-fire agreement with the myanmar government. since the civilian government took power in 2011, it has signed peace agreements with at least 13 groups. it has said it wants to be a nationwide truce after it reaching deals with the country's 16 ethnic rebel groups. >> translator: we don't have much time now. our president has just spoken about efforts to hold political talks in the last public speeches and made pledges for that. >> reporter: rebel leaders accuse the military of building up reinforcements in the area even while it offers dialogue,
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causes the kachin to express skepticism a cease-fire would hold. >> clashes still continue to break out over the last month. >> reporter: a deal with the kachin is crucial. they have an alliance of eight armed fwrups and play an important political rule. the government knows it has to get the kachin on board, florence, lui, al jazeera. people in southern china has been moved to safety because of flooding. the typhoon brought heavy rain. one of the worst-hit places is machi where half the town is underwater. at least five have been killed as a result of extreme weather. now, the weather was evident but another typhoon developing in the northwest pacific. how much damage can we expect from this one? >> yeah, that's right, elizabeth. we have another storm which is
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developing, and this is going to cause problems for the philippines. we could see some major problems through here actually. you can see the clouds swirling away to the east of the island. it goes westward through the next couple of days. at the moment it is still a tropical depression. by the time it goes further westward through luzon, it may be a typhoon. we have winds of 65 kilometers per hour gusts to 85. it will strengthen over the next couple of days. we expect it to make landfall around saturday. thursday, further heavy showers into the eastern side of luzon, and friday the wet weather will continue. so a similar picture actually as we go into the bay of bengal. we have a tropical cyclone developing here. you can see this massive thunder head that brewed up. big rainfall coming up. 92 inches of rain in the space of only 24 hours. it is a tropical cyclone with sustained winds of 85 miles.
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it will push up towards arisa with the power cuts there, liz. this will add to the problems through the next couple of days. we have already got monsoon flooding, of course, and this will only exacerbate those issues, elizabeth. >> thank you very much, everton. still to come on "the news hour," cycling is popular in many european countries for years but not in spain. that looks like it may be changing. and defying the odds. the man that survived two shark attacks nine years apart. some bad news for wimbledon champion andy murray. joe will be here to tell you why in sports.
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good to have you with us. these are the top stories on al jazeera. there are reports that iran is putting together a package of proposals to halt its nuclear program in return for sanctions being relaxed. talks are due to begin in geneva next week between western powers iranian leadership over the issue. the trial of morsi will start on the 4th of november. morsi will stand trial with 14 other defendants over the killings out his presidential palace in december 2012. leaders from the asia-pacific region are in brunei for the annual asean summit. disputes over territorial waters are expected to overshadow the first day of talks. australia's prime minister made a stop-off on his way to
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the asean summit after finishing up at the asia-pacific summit held in bali. tony abbott went to the site of the 2002 bali bombings that killed 202 people, among them 88 australians. he announced a scheme to compensate australian victims of overseas terror attacks. they could apply for $70,000 in compensation. the u.s. president has told republicans to stop holding the economy to ransom. barack obama is trying to end the deadlock which has shut down parts of the government for more than a week. in a few days he'll also have to grapple with extending the country's borrowing capacity. that could have an impact on the world economy. patty culhane has more from washington, d.c. >> reporter: another day passes with the u.s. government partially shutdown, and another day passes and the u.s. is closer to possibly defaulting on the debt. the leadership, both the
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republicans in the house and the president here, are not necessarily sitting down to negotiate. instead, they're fighting it out in front of the cameras. >> a decision to actually go through with it, to actually permit default, according to many ceos and economists would be, and i'm quoting here, insane, catastrophic, chaos. these are some of the more polite words. warren buffett likened the default to a nuclear bomb, a weapon too horrible to use. it would interrupt markets and undermine the world's confidence in america as the bedrock of the global economy. it might permanently increase our borrowing costs. >> this isn't about me and frankly it's not about republicans. this is about saving the future for our kids and our grandkids. the only way this is going to happen is to, in fact, have a conversation. so it's time to have that conversation. not next week, not next month.
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the conversation ought to start today. i'm hopeful that whether it's the president or democrat leaders here in congress, we can begin that conversation. >> reporter: here's who they are talking to. the american public. they're trying to convince the public they are, in fact, right. they want the american people to put so much pressure on one side or the other that they feel they have to cave from their point of view. so far it doesn't look like either side plans to. u.s. president barack obama is set to nominate federal reserve vice chair janet yellen as head of the u.s. central bank. she will succeed ben bernanke who served eight years in the post. yellen is the first democrat to head the institution since 1987 and she'll take over at a pivotal time for the economy and banking industry. we're going to some news just in from italy now. italian prime minister said the
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country will hold state funerals from lampedusa refugee ship wreck victims. that boating up sank on the 3rd of october, just one kilometer over lampedusa killing 274 people. now, the u.n. is being sued for infecting haiti's water supplies with cholera. scientists say u.n. peacekeepers are to blame for spreading the disease that killed about 8,300 people and infected hundreds of thousands more. as we explain, the victims will have an uphill battle to hold the u.n. responsible in court. >> reporter: they are farmers like this man and haitians whose lives are more challenging because of cholera. >> translator: before cholera i was pretty healthy. since that my life is changed because now i always have headaches and stomachaches. >> reporter: they and thousands
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of other haitians are looking to the united nations to pay compensation for the damage inflicted by the disease, which came to their country in 2010. 8300 people have died. >> translator: we filed a complaint against the u.n., but we still have not got justice. >> reporter: scientific evidence points to this u.s. base on the banks of the river as the source of haiti's cholera epidemic. it came from nepal, as did the u.n. peacekeepers who they found moving the la teens in the weeks after the outbreak. they found that the base had failed to properly dispose of sewage, which scientists believe is the source of the cholera bacteria now found in haiti's water supply. lawyers are filing a class action lawsuit on behalf of haiti's cholera victims in a new york federal court, but they may a monumental obstacle. the treaty that established the u.n. grants it sweeping
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immunity, a treaty signed by all member states including haiti. for two years haitians sought justice through the u.n.'s internal legal system. the u. denied their claims and continues to deny responsibility. >> peacekeepers operate under a veil of immunity. this cholera case, i think, is challenging that on the civil side. if one wants to sustain the criminal immunity, it's best to clean up messes and this one's a mess. >> reporter: lawyers for the cholera victims says the u.n. has a moral as well as a legal responsibility. >> the u.n., of course, is one of the leaders in promoting human rights and the rule of law. the way that it's been responding to this case has been very hypocritical. there's been no follow-through in the principles that the u.n. preaches with regards to the victims of cholera. >> reporter: a thorny legal question for the questions. for the survivors, it's a simple matter of right and wrong.
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al jazeera, the united nations. argentina's president christina kirscher is recovering in hospital. it's thought she may have sustained an injury after a fall a few months ago. venezuela's president has asked congress for greater power to rule by decree. maduro says he needs them to clamp down on corruption and boost the economy. he'll take his request to the national assembly, where his party holds a two-thirds majority. >> translator: on behalf of the people that are in constant battle, i want to present you a series of reflections, proposals to create a new national dynamic, a dynamic that combines discussion and action with a central objective. the transformation of the republican ethical model and the transformation of the venezuelan economic model. >> aft.
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after four decades of war afghans with getting answers about victims from the earliest conflict in the country. they leaked that to name thousands of those by the communist backed regime in the '70s. we have this report from kabul. >> reporter: for decades these people have never been able to fwreef. the death of their loved ones was a cruel secret. the names of 5,000 people of early communist rule between 1979 and '78 were recently leaked. those relatives gathered to remember them by candlelight. to the country's authorities, they were seen as a threat. they were arrested, and these families never heard from them again. only now are they sure their loved ones will never be coming home. this family lost husband and father abdul. his wife would grow old without
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him. his religious political beliefs scared the communists. >> translator: i was sitting at home that day and someone came from his shop. he came to the house and he said they take him to the police station and told me to hide all the books and the holy koran because the police might search the house. >> reporter: they are her son was too young to remember his father, but spent his whole life until now imagining he would return. >> translator: we were just kippeds in the beginning hoping for magic. he could knock on the door someday and it would be him. all these years we had this hope, and the day i heard about it it was very hard for me. partly i was happy. at least it was now clear. on the other hand we had the feeling we just lost him. it was a very hard day. i was at work. i closed the door. i sat down and cried for hours. >> reporter: it was his wife who had to break the news. the names of those killed appeared in a newspaper
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delivered to the library she works in. >> translator: as soon as i turned the page, his name appeared in front of my eyes. it was very hard for me. i didn't know how to tell him. i was alone in the library. tears came to my eyes, and i was confused about what to do. he called immediately and said, did you check? then i said, your father's name is there. i had never heard him crying before, but as soon as i said that, i heard his cries. it was as though i gave him news of a recent death. >> reporter: life for most afghans between then and now is filled with war. this family is just one of an untold number of families who would suffer such a loss. leaks such as this one could become more common, giving people crucial but heart-breaking closure on decades of searching. jane ferguson, al jazeera, kabul, afghanistan. still ahead on al jazeera, why music lovers in guinea hope
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the new government will revive traditions in dangerous of being lost. we here from sebastian buddle from formula one. jo is here with sports next.
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now years of dictatorship in begin new have taken the toll on recent music. with recent democratic elections many hope the new government will focus on developing music, art and culture. yvonne reports from the capital.
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>> reporter: he's teaching students how to play traditional guinean instruments at the arts center. some of these instruments are hundreds of years old. he's one of the few young people trying to make them popular. >> many young people don't interested in traditional because they hear everywhere hip-hop, reggae music and many kinds of that, you know? for me, i love every music. i don't want it to be aloss or finished, you know? i want it to continue from generation to yen rags. >> reporter: thousands of musicians abandoned playing traditional music in guinea, and the ancient dances that go along with it because years of
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dictatorship created some many poverty that made it impossible for many musicians to earn a living. many left guinea for other parts of west africa. democratic elections have just been held, and people hope arts can culture will be a priority for the new government and attract tourists. half of the problem facing artists is here is only a tiny percent of the national budget goes towards developing art and culture, less than 2%. >> translator: the state has so many other priorities in the area health, water, electricity. what the state can do is never going to be enough, but it's not just a question of money. there are other factors like the market for traditional music and culture. >> reporter: over 50% of guineans live in poverty and over 70% are illiterate. many don't have the money to buy traditional music, but there's huge mineral wealth here and the economy is expected to grow by 5% next year, which will create some wealth. he hopes some of the money will
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flow into developing traditional music so he can help more young people hold onto the art. >> i want to teach young people maybe who don't know this music and the story of this music. if i get somebody that can help me, i'm very happy with that. because we're in guinea, it's not easy. >> reporter: hopefully, if more money comes into the arts, some of the musicians that have left the country will return. let's go from music to sports. here's jo. we start with the major league baseball playoffs. the boston red sox go into the american league championship series. they closed out the series with tampa bay 3-1. winning game four wasn't easy with dejesus puts them ahead in sixth. boston leveled the score and
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took the lead. victorino smashes it for a 3-1 win. it's the tenth time boston has reached the championship series in franchise history. >> the one thing the team has done this year is continue to build opportunities. even though we may come up smort at times, it felt like we would still create some. this is a very unique game. we faced nine different pitchers. early on through the first five innings we had to remain patient. >> boston must now wait to find out their next opponents as oakland couldn't close out detroit in game four. the a's won 3-0 in the inning and a two-run homer from him. peralta got the tigers even and pulled away from there. a two-run homer rounded off detroit's scoring as they won 8-6. nhl now and the pittsburgh
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penguins hosted the hurricanes on tuesday thrashing them 5-2. carolina will be kicking themselves for trading oak kin to pittsburgh. it came back to haunt them. opening scoring in the first period. carolina were leveled any final period by nathan gerri making it 2-2. he scored two more goals to complete a hat trick as the penguins condemned him to a 5-2 loss. the nba now. with the season set to tip-off in three weeks, the oklahoma city thunder took on the philadelphia 76ers in a preseason game in manchester in the u.k. manchester united defender ferdinand was amongst the crude in the arena. they were expected to easily beat the 76ers who failed to reach the playoffs last season. oklahoma did win, but it wasn't as comfortable many were expecting. the thunder running out 103-9 ix
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winners. >> it's a great atmosphere. the fans were unbelievable. i think they deserve to have some basketball, especially regular season basketball over here. i'm sure you'll see that in the future. you see teams fw to london and play, and i'm sure they're going to expand it a lot because it's been so successful. hopefully we can come over and play, because i enjoyed it a lot. we'll see. to tennis now, andy murray has pulled out of next month's season-ending atp world tour finals as he recovers from back surgery. he said he was very disappointed not to play in front of a home crowd in london. murray had an operation on the long-standing problem last month. next year's gulf cup is moved from bass ra to saudi arabia because of concerns over security. organizers made the decision to
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move the event after a spike of violence in iraq. they were in action on tuesday in a friendly against lebanon in beirut. it meant the game had to be played at an empty stadium. it ended 1-1 after the iraqi had a late equalizer. protesters in brazil have interrupted a fifa inspection. their actions come amidst growing concerns of the cost of preparations for the 2014 show piece in the country. the stadium is one of six to be completed by a december deadline. fifa is confident it will go according to plan. >> it's good the world cup is 240 days, because we won't have these questions anymore. i would have accepted the questions a few months ago. we have been very clear since we start the process of ticket
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sales on the 20th of august, that we were working on the city's organization in bra sfwlil. there is no way that one city will be off the list from now. there's 12 cities with the respected and with the one we enforce for world cup 2014. sebastian buddle stands on the verge to the win the title this week. he's most often seen in his red bull car was promoting new york taxis in japan. if he wins sunday race by the top six, vetle will college another world title. he's confident after winning last week's fwrand pre. >> i thought we had a good run after the summer break. the last four races we attended we won.
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the lost the track. the japanese people are very, very passionate about formula one. so we're looking forward to the atmosphere. a couple of late strikes dented new zealand's confident start for the first test against bangladesh. they ended 280 for 5 with williamson scoring a century. that's from sports now. now, a man has been seriously injured in a shark attack off australia's south coast. it's the second time greg pickering has been mauled by a shark, something experts say defies all the odds. andrew thomas reports from as i understand knee. >> reporter: greg pickering is either the unluckiest man in australia or the luckiest. that's to see whether surviving an attack twice makes you extremely lucky. he was diebed for he had jibl
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sea snails prized in restaurants across asia when a shark thought to have been a great white attacked. he was hauled into a nearby boat, transferred by plane to perth where he's being treated for massive head, shoulder and next injuries. this isn't the first time mr. pickering has been attacked. in 2004 another shark attacked him. at the time he said it wouldn't put him off getting back in the water. >> the shark grabbed me and struck by. i felt the teeth go right into the bone. >> reporter: the odds of it happening twice to the same person are small, but tragically it has proved possible. an investigation is under way as to whether to hunt the shark. this was a spokesman for the fisheries department. >> if a sizable white shark is caught in the baurts in the coming hours from the evidence i
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have available to me, i'm likely to give the order to destroy that shark. >> conservationists don't like that. they say if people go into a shark's environment, they should accept the risks. >> it's very sad, and it's a terrible experience for people. we're playing this their waters. we have to be more careful. >> greg punishingering had ten hours of surgery. his condition is described as serious but stable. cycling has been popular in many european countries for years now, but not in spain. people there mostly preferred the automobile to pedal power, but that looks like it's going to change as rory has been finding out. >> reporter: the shine has certainly come off spanish car sales figures. people pass this madrid showroom but no one comes in to admire the sleek machines let alone buy one. from a high of 1.6 million new car sales in 2007, spanish dealerships are shifting around
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700,000. spain's financial crisis has dealt a hammer blow to car sales, but though four-wheels are losing their appeal, two wheels aren't. this bike shop was set up a a year ago by two enthusiasts who saw the opportunity. cycling is seen as cool and value for money. in spain new bikes are outselling new cars. >> translator: the reason is the bicycle is a saving. it's a form of transport that doesn't cost anything over a year. they don't need much maintenance. apart from that, it's healthy. it's also the best way of getting around the city. >> reporter: cycling culture is gaining momentum, too. hundreds of cyclists turned out for a night ride through madrid recently as part of the global bicycle movement critical mass. promoters of the event are watching and changing attitudes here with satisfaction. >> maybe four years ago i was
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alone in the street. three years ago i say i can see another cyclist around the corner. last year people began to tell me, hey, i have seen people in the streets, something is happening. >> cyclists here are realistic though despite the sales. spain yards still prefer cars to pedals. spain has a long way to go before it catches up with countries like the netherlands or even the u.k., but there are a couple of cities blazing the trail like saville or barcelona. for the most part, infrastructure here is poor, cyclist are few, and the cars or the bus still very much king of the road. al jazeera, madrid. i'll be back with another full news bulletin in a few minutes and all of our day's news can, of course, be found on our website, aljazeera.com.
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it's considered one of the most powerful jobs in the world, and later today janet yellen will become the first woman ever nominated to head the nation's federal reserve system. president obama ratcheted up the pressure on republicans saying he's unwilling to negotiate over raising the debt ceiling, but he may have provided a small opening to get a deal done. in bangladesh a raging fire kills nine people at a garment factory. it appears to be another case of unsafe working conditions in a country that has suffered a string of recent deadly mishaps. in haiti a rare legal move as advocates sue the united nations accusing u.n.

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