tv Listening Post Al Jazeera October 27, 2013 11:30am-12:01pm EDT
rosa rivera lost both of her parents in the war. >> that must have been very difficult. to live with so many of your family killed like that. in 1992, with the military and leftist guerillas signed a peace accord, passed and amnesty law, that law sealed those who violated amnesty laws. about 75,000 salvadorians were killed, 8,000 were disappeared,
mostly by death quads. government force he were supported by the united states. in neighboring guatemala, genocide committed in the 1980s. were salvadorans also be held to account? a push to overturn amnesty law is underway fueled by new evidence of government complicity and murders and disappearances. los santos, a human rights activist, is searching out people in the yellow book. the book is a compilation of so-called dplin delinquent terrorists.
>> how was it discovered? >> the yellow book was discovered three years ago. since then researchers have been carefully checking its authenticity so it is just now coming to life. marked confidential. fought together as the national liberation front or fmln . santos says some of the people were falsely accused of belonging
to guerilla groups. others disappeared with death squads. the picture in the yellow book shows a young woman a swollen face named carmella castro. then a group of men dressed in civilian clothes took her to her house to search it. >> laura her sister was at home when the death squad arrived. carmenda had worked with a group in honduras but returned home
with a small baby to live with her family. >> what was the last thing that your sister said to you ? >> they left and carmenda was gone forever. it helped them finally confirm that government agencies were involved in her disappearance. during the war, salvadoran, does the yellow book show that they were cooperating with the security forces at the highest level
? the reagan administration also claimed that the death squads were independent groups. >> the argument that the reagan administration made was that these were rogue units. >> we showed him key pages from the yellow book. >> a document like this, i think, confirms that the high command was in fact directing the death squads. and the people in the reagan administration who kept insisting against the evidence that the high command was innocent, were clearly wrong. >> in the 1980s the administration needed congress to sign off on military aid to el salvador. >> security assistance is necessary against all those against the export of subversion by the soviet block cuba
and nicaragua. >> the root was in social poverty on the one hand and a political that end was dictatorial. by seeing el salvador as a cold war conflict, president reagan provided the means to conduct the human rights violations that they conducted in. >> did the united states down play the atrocities? >> i can say there's no doubt down >> every morning from 6 to 10am al jazeera america brings you more us and global news than any other american news channel. find out what happened and what to expect. >> start every morning, every day, 6am to 10 eastern with al jazeera america.
all next week america tonight investigates the campus rape crisis. >> serial rape is the norm on college campuses. >> i know that when i did report, i was blamed. >> then this friday at nine eastern, we open up the conversation in a live town-hall event. sex crimes on campus, a special week of coverage and live town-hall on america tonight nine eastern. only on al jazeera america. >> in the 1980s. the u.s. provided hundreds of millions of dollars in to el salvador.
>> well armed units then went out on the offensive, and typically those were the units that were responsible for the worst massacres. >> possibly the worst in latin american history, more than 800 people were killed by the u.s. trained battalion. it was led by doming domingo alta rosa. >> a deputy in the legislative where assembly. >> you were a very successful counterinsurgency commander. what do you think was the we to your
>> why do you think the parents are responsible for so much that took place here? >> colonel, i've spoken to more than a dozen people who say they have direct experience of atrocities that were conducted under your command. >> clearly, there were many atrocities that were commit. i heard a story about a pregnant woman whose baby were cut out of her stomach, thrown up in the
air, and the fetus was stabbed. >> why were so many civilians killed touring the war here in el salvador? so if the civilians were sympathetic to the guerillas that was justification for killing them? but an awful lot were swept up and killed? why do you say it's a version of the left? you have the u.n. truth commission, the international
commission, why would this happen? >> of in 1992 u.n. truth commission on el salvador traveled all over the country. they received more than 2200 case of acts of violence. paramilitary groups and death squads. fmln groups were accused in most of the incidents . salvador ian human rights: the discovery of the yellow book has aided
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bellarmino where heine. sits on the court. >> the constitutional court is reviewing, a recent poll found that 60% of salvadorans are willing to overturn the law but heine seemed reluctant to do so. >> heine down played a recent case involving the massacre. so far no one has been punished for it. but the international criminal
court called on el salvador. >> what do you expect the el salvadoran and the attorney diswrenl general to do? -- general to do? >> benjamin queillar carried that message to washington, d.c. a year ago. he argues that america's role in the civil war requires u.s. officials to help get justice in his country.
>> you were part of the problem. >> u.s. congressman jim mcgovern supports queillar's are efforts. killing of six jesuit priests. >> a lot of the perpetrators of these crimes were people we trained in the united states. i think we have a special responsibility to demand there be some accountability, there be some truth. >> a truth that has long bothered mcgovern was that two salvadoran generals were granted asylum in the united states. >> the thought of them just kind of living the good life here in the united states i find repulsive. they are guilty of things that are terrible. >> the general's victims have been pursuing them in american courts.
but not before one last terrifying ordeal. vidas casanova who oversaw his torture was there. romogosa and two other salvadorans, in 2002 a jury found them liable for command responsibility for torture and other atrocities. today the u.s. department of justice is seeking to deport them back to el salvador. >> what will you do if the generals are deported back here to el salvador? >> autoformer
salvadoran in the u.s., spain wants him extradited in the 1999 murder of the jesuit priest. >> i'd like to see all the internal memos that were written in the embassy or within our intelligence services about what was going on. >> do you think american officials need to be investigated an prosecuted for atrocities in el salvador? >> i think we ought to know the truth and then based on that take appropriate action.
it is difficult to believe that u.s. advisors and intelligence officers didn't know more than they reported to congress. because they worked so closely with the salvadoran security forces. >> the u.s. state department says it supports justice in el salvador but repealed the amnesty laws up to court. don't want to look too deeply into the country's cold war past. >> during your lifetime do you expect to see the amnesty law overturned and generals garcia and vidas casas casanova and even yu be put on trial?
>> welcome to al jazeera. i am richelle carey. syria outlines it's chemical weapons program. >> crating outrage around the world. poverty and violence, finding new hope far from home. >> syria met a crucial deadline. the government filed details of its poison gas and nerve agent programs and an initial p