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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 31, 2013 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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a milestone in syria - a chemical weapons watchdog says that syria destroyed all of its declared chemical weapons' making facilities. >> hello, this is al jazeera live from doha. also ahead in the next 30 minutes: celebrating victory. the democratic republic of congo's army routs the rebels from their final stronghold - we bring you an exclusive report >> the two most senior khmer rouge figures alive are on trial - the latest from
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cambodia. >> the new kings of baseball, the boston red sox win the series at home, the first time in almost a century. >> syria has destroyed all of its declared chemical weapons production equipment, according to a report from the international chemical weapons watchdog. the u.n. is satisfied declared production - mixing and filling equipment - has been eliminated. live to istanbul. omar al saleh has more on this from istanbul. this coming ahead of a deadline set by the u.n. >> yes, that's true. basically it says that syria did need that deadline. now the opcw said that its inspectors visited 21 sites out of the 23 sites declared by
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syria. it said the other two sites were too dangerous to visit, but they were confident and satisfied with the removal of the equipment and it was brought to the inspectors and they oversaw the destruction of aerial bombs, war heads, as well as all the mixing and filling equipment. now this brings us to the end of phase one, and two, which was meant to end by november 1st. after november 1st it will be the start of the more important phase and it's phase 3. that phase will last until the end of june next year and involves the u.n. mission support to monitor, verify all the destruction complex weapons which is estimated to be around approximately over 1,000 metric tonnes of chemical weapons. because the opcw and the u.n. have no mandate to destroy that,
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it will probably mean that a u.n. member state will have to provide technical and operational support. >> this is a positive development, omar, the fact that syria met the deadline. >> it is, indeed. i remember when i was speaking to one of the spokespersons for the opcw. he said his plan or the chemical watchdog's plan was on track and they were optimistic that the whole russia-u.s. deal will come to bear the fruit of destroying the chemical weapons. he did mention, i remember a few weeks ago, that by november 1st syria will no longer have the capacity to make - produce new chemical weapons, or even mix and fill war heads with nerve
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agents. i have to also be a bit suspicious with regards to the second phase, because we were talking about syria declared. we will have to wait and see if the chemical weapon wach dogs or other states provide intelligence that says syria has more than what it declared. it will be interesting to wait and see that. >> omar, thank you, omar al saleh live there in istanbul. >> i'll take you now to abbia, the disputed region saddling sudan and south suedan. an unofficial referendum has been held there for the people of abiyia. this is the results of that official referred up --
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referendum being read out. the people of abeyei have showns to be part of south sudan. that was expected. the ngok dinka tribe held the poll, and they naturally sway towards south sudan, rather than siddan. the other group, the missaria who were excluded threatened to hold their own referendum. sudan and south sudan both deny the vote. we'll try to explain it later in the program. >> now, the trial of two of the most senior surviving leaders of the khmer rouge in cambodia is coming to a close. nuon chea and khieu samphan are on gaol for genocide and crimes against humanity. they are accused of orchestrating the death of 2 million people through
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torture, starvation and overwork. lieu florence looi is following the story up. >> chnuon chea, brother number two, was the first to speak. he defended his action saying everything he did was out of love for the country and he'd never hurt his people. the second accused. somalia. he is 82. he was a former head of state. he said he was not aware of the full extent of the horrors and did not order the crimes he's been accused of. if survivors were hoping for some form of contrition or remorse from the two men - they did not get that. a survivor she spoke to said she couldn't believe what she was hearing and referred to the men as liars. a verdict will not be given
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until next year. the trial was meant to have four defendants, one passed away - some time this year - the other was declared unfit to stand trial because she has alzheimer's. many survivors see it as a last opportunity to get justice. >> the democratic republic of congo has taken back the last down held by the m23 rebels. it's taken 18 months to but down the rebellion, by some of its former soldiers. it's finally taken bunagana. the group mutinied over pay and conditions and say they are fighting for the rights of the minority tutsi ethnic group. malcolm webb was with the army for the final result. here is his report. >> day breaks. it's time to fight. a volley of rockets fired at the m23 rebels boosts morale. the congolese soldiers have a long way to go.
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the rebel fighters hold a 20km stretch of road surrounded by hills and bush. at the end lies the last rebel strong hold, the town of bunagana. it's on the boarder and uganda. >> i'm cleaning my gun because i want to fight m23. they are not strong. our mission is to chase them over the border. thank you. >> they didn't know what resistance they'll find on the way. they soon find out. some are terrified. most just keep moving forward. between fire-fights they are well received in the villages. beatrice thinks things will get better. >> if the government takes back bunagana, all our relatives who are refugees in uganda can come back.
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under m23 it was very tough. >> it's time to resupply. the confidence grows. then another gun battle. again the rebels flee. they were trying to defend this bridge. then they tried to burn it to stop tanks from passing. but the strategy failed. the advance gathers momentum. on the outskirts of the town there's just a handful of rebels left. they are seen off by a blast of heavy machine-gun fire from the soldiers. finally they reach bunagana, the town is desered and the civilians have fled. you can hear gunfire in the hills. the commander says it's over. they have taken the last rebel stronghold. doesn't mean that the rebels
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can't hide in the hills and cause trouble. but this was the last town they had control of >> minutes later the street is flooded with delighted residents. the rebels were not popular here. >> people say they stole, killed and raped. after more than a year of living under their rule, there was a sense of relief and celebration. afghans have several months to go until polling day but already there are concerns about election fraud. the last presidential vote was marred by widespread corruption. al jazeera uncovered evidence that next year's election could be compromised. glass reports. >> what you are looking at are counterfeit voter cards. here in afghanistan people are worried they can be used in upcoming elections. we travelled to the east where
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the cards were on sale for between $5-$10. they can be used to cast a vo. you can bias many as you can afford. an official said by look at the cards he couldn't tell if they were real or fake, but it didn't matter because there'll be enough observers to prevent it happenings. they are confident these won't be used to stuff ballots. the man selling them said he had 2 million. >> for people trying to vote two times or three times or manipulate the process, they have zero chance. >> when we showed the signs to presidential candidate abdullah abdullah, he was worried the election could become a repeat of the 2009 poll - when he came in second and withdrew because of accusations of vote rig gs. al jazeera found similar fake voter cards, but weeks before
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the vote. now there's more than five months before the poll. >> the nation is worried. they have to be worried if this is happening in this way. they have to be worried. >> abdullah abdullah says he asked for new voter id cards and a comprehensive voter list more than a year ago. the election commission said it didn't have the time or money for that. abdullah abdullah and the commission hope the election observers and the afghan people will keep next year's election honest. >> earlier this year a 16-year-old girl was gang-raped as she walked home. after the weather we are in kenya's capital where women's rights campaigners demand her attackers be punished. >> in indonesia the government is concerned that scenes like this will scare off investors. but workers say it's time to
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increase the minimum wage.
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hello again. the top stories on al jazeera: the international chemical weapons watchdog is confident syria has destroyed all of its declared production equipment. that's the first major step in a u.n. security council resolution to eliminate all of syria's chemical weapons by june of next year. >> soldiers in the democratic republic of congo have retaken the last town held by rebels. people in bunagana celebrated with troops after flushing out the m23 fighters, following an 18-month rebellion. >> in the last few minutes the
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results of an unofficial referendum in the abeyei region of sudan has been announced. the region straddles sudan and south suedan. only one of the people took part in the referendum on whether the region should join the north or south. peter greste is there. explain the significance of the vote for us? >> well, let me first give you the result of the referred ument. it was 99.9% in favour of unity with the south. that figure was never in result. this is because, as you mentioned, only one of the two big communities that live here, that call the place home, was involved in the referendum. it was long-promised - first in the comprehensive peace agreement signed in 2005, and
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again in 2011. it was promised by the united nations to be held by the end of this month, 31 october. that never took place, there has been disputes as to whether or not the misseria, the other community should take part. it was ruled they should not. as i said, this was not about deciding the will of the people - we knew what it was going to be. this was about a statement of intent, what the community wanted. let's have a look at why the region is so hotly contested. what is at stake and lying beneath the disputes. >> this is the way it's been in abeyei for as long as the tribe can remember. it was the ancestors that set up the camp generations ago.
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>> cows define ngok dinka, representing wealth and culture. the livestock pros they are rich, moist pastures that spread out from here. the same is drew of a rival community, arab nom adds that bring cattle down here. this man has been herding cattle. he shares the land with the arabs - sometimes peacefully, sometimes not. he showed me scars from phytes with his rivals. he insists he is willing to share the land, but trust disappeared long ago. >> it is impossible for ngok dinka and missiria to live toot. when they come here they don't stay, they take water and grass and steal and kill. if a guest passes through your house, can they claim it as their own. >> as the day heats up the
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cattle moves off the drink of the the ngok dinka say there used to be enough water and pasture for all. not any more. missiriya sees things differently, saying they graze here and it's as much part of their traditional grounds as with the ngok dinka. the misseriya depends on cattle. it generates millions for the economy. this dispute is not just about culture, it's about money. there's valuable grazing above ground and oil below. no one is sure how much is here. when south sudan won its independence, khartoum lost three-quarters of its oil reserves. it can't afford to lose more. >> this is a senior member. referendum committee and
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believes disputes over resources can be resolved. >> it is the presence of khartoum forces in the oil area. that's the only source of security. otherwise the rest continues to come and go back. >> but there is still deep resentment among the herders who see the know mads as a threat to grass and water >> given the result was a foregone conclusion and neither the north or the south recognise the referendum, let alone the result - what was the point? >> well, when you ask that question here, people give you the same answer - that this really is about applying political pressure, saying the basic principle of democracy is the will of the people. they are trying to put pressure
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on the government of the south sudan, and the international community to recognise - if they don't now, they will in the coming day, weeks and months. a leader we spoke to said as far as they are concerned this is part of their marketing mission. they have to sell the idea of abeyei's unity with south sudan. >> peter greste live in abeyei. >> people in kenya are calling for the government to take action against men who gank raped a 16-year-old girl. protesters gathered at freedom park and marched to the military of justice building and the police headquarters. here is more details. in june 6th men attacked the girl, known to the media as liz, in the town of busia and threw her into a deep pit, latrine. a day later members of the community handed three of the
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men into police. as punishment the men were told to cut the grass at the police compound and were then sent home. the rape was not reported in kenyan media until october when doctors treating the girl went public. a few weeks later she had spinal surgery. she needs to use a wheelchair and is still undergoing treatment. al jazeera's correspondent sent us this update from the heart of the protest in nairobi. >> this is a complaint for accountability and the end to women being raped across kenya. this is against it punishment meted out against young men who raped a girl, 16 years old. they are here to present a petition signed by 1.2 million to the inspector-general of police. now, the media has been told in the past 48 hours that the six men have been arrested who gank
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raped the girl known as liz to the media. activists who are here told us that they have been in touch with the family, with people who live in the area where liz comes from, and the arrests have not happened. they are calling on the inspector general of police to arrest the men and make sure they face the charge of rape. they are calling the act of asking the men to cut grass and being released as the worst punishment for rape in the world. this is not the only case of rape in this country. it's a widespread problem in this country. it took the courage of the doctor who treated her for a broken back, and a medical condition of fistula who decided to come out and speak to the media. >> workers in indonesia begin a
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2-day nationwide strike - demanding more pay and better conditions. tens of thousands came face to face with troops. we have the latest from west java. >> these are paramilitary groups threatening protesting workers, a tactic used by the indonesian military in the past. tensions built. >> translation: one of the workers was hit by a machete. we don't want a war, we want to convey our demands. >> the paramilitary groups entered the intereel zone where workers have been on strike. >> paramilitary groups and the military are trying to stop the demonstrations now. >> workers started to arm themselves with sticks, but a
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fight was prevented. labour union says an estimated 2 million labourers in 20 provinces in indonesia are on a strike, demanding a 50% increase of the minimum wage. n >> translation: only 2.5% of rich people in indonesia own 100% of all indonesia's assets. that is not fair. we fight for justice. they don't want to share. they use a force of money and power to fight us. >> labour unions in indonesia have become vocal after a long period of repress. they managed to increase workers' wages after a series of protests. employers are complaining that indonesia's economy is hurt by the workers action, and after tolerating the protests for a year authorities appear to be trying to stop it.
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>> the world's most popular social networking strike facebook shattered wall street's expectations. shares jumped 15% on wednesday after the company announced a profit of $425 million. that's for the quarter ending september 30th. games from the mobile advertising business will grow. half a billion people access the facebook on a mobile on a daily basis. the u.s. national security agency denies reports that the spy agency tapped into yahoo and google data centres. a report in the "the washington post" sited reports leaked by edward snowden. the latest allegations come as a delegation from the european parliament is visiting washington to investigate claims on european leaders and citizens eavesdropping. >> the damage to the united states is so high that something
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has to be done on that. i hope that it will be successful because we need messages for our people that it can't happen on citizens or leaders. >> in rome they want to know if the nsa has listening to phone calls at the vatican. a report says the nsa spied on the vatican and his predecessor, and listened in on cardinals. the vatican says, "we are unaware of anything on the issue. in any case we have no concerns about it." >> french president francis hollande takes on the footy clubs on thursday, proposing a 75% top rate of tax. club bosses say it will make it impossible to compete at a european level and are threatening to cancel night matches scheduled for the final week of november. >> the boston red sox are
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champions after crushing st louis cardinals 6-1, kath turner reports. >> the boston party has just begun. cheer cheer. >> dozens of fans that couldn't get tickets to the sold-out game made it into fenway park, pushing past security, continuing celebrations inside. >> the team deserved it. >> the red sox victory celebrations are about more than sporting glory. all season the team carried the hopes of a city. which is trying to come back from an attack on a premier sporting event. >> we needed it. it's perfect. >> on april 1, '52 bombs went off at the finish line of the boston marathon. three were killed. 260 injured. jeff was among them, losing both legs in the explosion. a stranger, wearing a cowboy hat, picked him up, put him in a
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wheelchair and took him to help. people shake hands with carlos - he's a man who symbolizes the way boston pulled together. >> helping the victims and survivors, like i say, participating in many events and that helps all of us. dan lieberweich runs an organization. he says players and athletes use talents to strengthen ties to the community. >> the backdrop of the bombing was motivation for everyone in the city, and in sport in general it's a great deflection to thing of things and rally around the hope of a new season. after six months of private and public grieving, boston has something to cheer b. >> you have the home crowd. boston strong. >> the red sox were not expected
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to do well. after the rally after the boston marathon, so do in the boston red sox. it won't erase memories, but it will help the city to forget - if only are for one night. >> more news for you at the website aljazeera.com. i'll tell you what the company is doing right and what risks it faces. what 80,000 items from bacon to flat screen t.v.'s. all have in common. and does jennifer hudson have the medicine son that kathlee that kathleen sebelius needs to revival obamacare? i'm ali velshi. this is "real money." >> reporter: this is real money. you are the most important part of the very. join our live conversation for the next half hour on twitter at

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