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tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  November 11, 2013 5:00pm-5:31pm EST

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>> this is al jazeera america live from new york city. i'm tony harris with today's top stories. today is veteran's day. americans pause to honor the american service men and women in uniform. had. typhoon haiyan leaving an estimated 2,000 people dead. the united states, united states, united states, and the united nations are working to get aid to the battered region as soon as possible. secretary of state john kerry is trying to reassure some of american mideast allies that
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nuclear would not put them at risk. and after nearly three months egypt's curfew and state of emergency will be lifted later this week. the curfew was imposed in august after security forces dispersed camps in cairo. the interior minister said he would boost security forces once the curfew is lifted. those are your headlines. >> the aftermath and suffering gripping the philippines tonight in the wake of typhoon haiyan. the most devastating and lethal storm in decades. that's the "inside story."
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>> hello, i'm ray suarez. typhoon haiyan could end up being the deadliest storm in the philippines. it pushed a wall of water 2 stories high as it stumped through the islands. the coastal town was toas totaly wiped out and projection 10,000 people may be dead nationwide. on this edition of "inside story" we'll take you to the philippines for the latest on the aftermath and recovery efforts and we'll be joined by the ambassador to the philippines of the united states. whole families lay in the
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rubble, survivors looking for scraps. it looks like a war zone. this is the condition of towns across the philippines as typhoon haiyan slam through the island in record-breaking force. >> everything is destroyed. everything is gone. the only thing left are our clothes and my child. >> i'm asking for help because i no longer have a home. i do not have any money. i do not have anything left. >> reporter: officials estimate the number of dead may be at least 10,000, but because of shattered infrastructure the world may not know the full picture for days. >> it is so difficult. we are helpless. it's like we're starting again. >> an arc spell go of more than 7,000 islands, the philippines are no stranger to
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typhoons. sustained winds were nearly 200 mph. before the storm made landfall over 800,000 people made in coastal areas were evacuated. they feared the slow-moving storm could dump overwhelming amounts of rain. >> we are prepared together with the residents here for the coming typhoon. >> the storm ended up sweeping through the region more quickly than expected. but what officials weren't expecting was the stormed surge of 20 feet causing a tsunami wall of water sweeping away entire towns from their foundations. >> every building is significantly damaged or destroyed. the streets are all closed, and you can see it's a 15- to 25-foot waves came across entire villages, so everything is wiped out. so you tell me how that compar compares. >> reporter: the survivors, the aftermath is apocalyptic.
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>> we need help. we don't have anything to eat. our food is lost. >> reporter: desperate people are looting. >> we forced open the petrol station because we cannot travel. we need fuel. we want to travel to other places to buy food because all the groceries have been ransacked. >> reporter: a lack of central control has become a hurdle in the aid effort. just three years into his term president aquino is facing one of the biggest challenges of his career, rebuilding an entire region from the ground up. >> the officials are here to an insure that help is give to you the fastest way possible and things are restored to their national order. >> the u.s. is offering help for
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their recovery by sending marines. >> a disaster of this magnitude to quickly overrun any force, any government. what we can do is supplement the existing rotary wing lift that they already possess. >> southern china is now facing the at typhoon. streets flooded, schools have been ordered closed and fishing ports knock the down. craig, welcome to "inside story." the scene behind you is about entirely black. given the interruption of all power, does all relief stop when it gets dark? >> reporter: cebu does have
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power. it does have communication, though behind me there is no evidence of that it's certainly not as lit up an it normally would be. but that's not the case of the island hardest hit in the central philippines. they're still trying to establish power and communication there is, and almost every power pole was struck and knocked over, and all they have there right now is generators, and they've got some mobile cell towers which they'll put up to try to get communication from those survivors who need to talk to their relatives who are desperate to find information about how they're doing. you can't do that on a mobile phone unless you've got power. they've been setting up these units, these generators around the capitol there, tacloban to try to help people reach their
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relatives not only in the philippines but overseas. >> what are the biggest problems. the biggest impediments for those trying to get help the hardest thing, the biggest problem is reaching people who still need help, and getting aid to these people. the problem that we've had is there has been no shortage of aid. in fact, the world international community has been very genius in what they're offering in terms of food, shelter, tents, sanitation devices, body bag, everything that's needed to sort this situation out. but so far that's been collecting in tacloban. and from there it's very difficult to get it out to the further reaches of the province. that's mainly because the people who normally do that became victims themselves. the municipal offices and government people that run these sorts of operations were
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affected, some of them killed. so they haven't had the chain of command to make this happen. that's been very frustrating for the government and president aquino expressed some of that frustration when he first came to the island and asked for for the aid work to be stepped up. of course the u.s. government is sending in 90 marines, and there's hope coming from other areas, ngos are now pouring in. that manpower, with that manpower we should see a change. they're looking at dropping supplies from helicopters. there are still place around that particular province where even helicopters can't land. such is the huge array of debris from the broken houses to the trees to the cars that are hitting on tops of the roofs of some of those houses that are still stand in in parts. they've got so many problems they would like to overcome that
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they're trying to sort them out one by one. there isn't really any priority other than the search of survivors. getting through to people who haven't had that for the past three days. >> craig from cebu, joining us from manila to discuss the situation on the ground and aid efforts there is lynette, asian communications manager for save the children. welcome to "inside story." in the early days of a disaster like this one what is job one for your agency? how do you get started when there is so much damage? >> well, to begin with i think we need to support the survivors who have gone through such a terrible ordeal, people who have survived the typhoon. they need food, water, and shelter urgently. they're establishing our bases, and preparing to send out our
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relief items such as health materials, shelter, health, hygiene items, clean waters for families who need it most. at this time it's quite a desire situation for those who don't have any of the basic necessities. >> we're told that airport runways are damaged. roads are clogged with debris if not outright destroyed. how do you begin getting help to places that have lost so much? >> there is a land root into the affected area at the moment. there is also the sea route to cebu so r we're working as hards we possibly can't to get relief
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items to families and children as soon as possible. >> many thousands of people are without fresh water to drink. is there a danger that people will start drinking water in the storm-affected area and get even sicker. >> certainly there is that possibility. however, on saturday afternoon we were told that officials had actually turned on the water again, so various hoses were still working. there are still water pumps in the city where people can access the fresh water that they need. however, this is not water meant for drinking but certainly if families are drinkin drinking fe they are at risk for diseases. we'll make sure that fresh water is available. >> when you can get physicians and nurses into the area what will they find? what are the most common injuries after a storm like this one?
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>> well, certainly many of the adults have cuts and bruises, children as well. many are suffering from acute diarrhea from the lack of sanitation certainly a medical staff would be able to distribute hydration medication as well as treat some of these injuries. we're finding there are a lot of pregnant women in some of these camps, many are left without help, and leaving to their own defenses to deliver their own babies. >> lynette lim from save the children, thanks for joining us. when we return we'll be joined in studio by the philippine ambassador to the united states. stay with us. you're watching "inside story." >> every day, events sweep across our country. and with them, a storm of views. how can you fully understand the
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impact unless you've heard angles you hadn't considered? consider this... antonio mora brings you smart conversation that challenges the status quo with unexpected opinions and a fresh outlook. including yours. >> what do you think? >> stories that matter to you consider this unconventional wisdom. weeknights 10 eastern on al jazeera america them to go but the us delegation that came in here, they told us that -- that quite the opposite could happen, that that could actually poison the well and make things worse, make the stress so unbearable that the iranians will see those sanctions as pure belligerence and then walk away. if that is to happen, it will be a dangerous situation because it means that the diplomatic path will have closed and what happens after that, well, you know, there have obviously been talks of a military option but the u.s.a. says that that should
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be the absolute last option on the table. they much prefer the idea of trying to talk to the iranians. they do not -- there has been no discussion of a complete lifting of sanctions. they say that possibly by easing some things, perhaps as the iranians would like to see an easing on the oil exports >> welcome back to "inside story." we're continuing our coverage of typhoon haiyan in the philippines. joining us to speak about the relief and recovery efforts, the ambassador of the philippines to the united states. i know i speak for many americans in offering my
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condolences for the tragedy your country has suffered. what do the philippines needs right away, and are they getting it? >> thank you for your concern and kind words. yes, we aren' we are getting poe responses for help. our immediate requirements are food, drinking water and temporary shelter. let me say that president aquino just announced state of devastation for the department of social welfare and development. over 20 countries have also
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donations. we have aircraft from the u.s. two c 130s and pc ryan toss help in the rescue efforts. >> obviously you're a filipino, son of your country, we're in the time of year where storms often happen, but is haiyan different? was it different in order of magnitude? give us a sense of how much worse this really was? >> according to experts it was an equivalent to a category 4 hurricane, but it seemed to be more like a category 5 category. and it covered two-thirds of the country. and this is why the devastation
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has been so widespread. it has hit so many provinces, particularly in the island. but the two hardest hit provinces were lat where we exph number of death, possibly 10,000 people may have perished in this typhoon. >> give us a sense of the geography. are they low lying islands? are the communities likely to be very vulnerable to water rushing inland? >> yes, but fortunately again the government anticipated all the shanties along the coast line where the people there were evacuated. what happened though is not what was anticipated. the surge of water was so huge they had waves as high as five meters, 16 feet. and this is what engulfed a
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large amount of the town that was hardest hit. and 90% of the city has been damaged. the airport has been severely damaged. 80% of all the buildings, homes have been destroyed. so it's been tremendous, and there are, of course, other cities, but not that has been hit, not as badly at tacloban city. >> is there resilients in your country? have you been building in resilience so you can handal punk like this in a time of the history of the world where it looks like we have to be ready for worse and worse storms. >> i think the filipino people have been resalient. resilient.
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we've experienced storms time and time again. we've suffered an earthquake where 256 people who perished in that earthquake, quite a number of buildings were destroyed. so, the filipino people have undergone unfortunate experiences over the years. they managed to get up and recover from the set backs brought about by this natural disasters. and this is one of the traits of the filipino people that i'm sure will enable us to recover and get back. it will take time. and the other thing is the filipino spirit where people work together, helping those who have suffered those who have been victims of natural
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disasters. >> the philippines are an association of island states, and right now there is an international global climate change conference going on in poland. does this add urgency for those talks? does this give a chance for the philippines to say to the rest of the world time to have a serious conversation? >> yes, in fact, the chairperson of the climate change commission was interviewed by local television station, and i was watching that earlier this morning, and in fact, she said that the philippines would like to make a case for that. the international community must pay more attention to the consequences of climate change, and we hope the philippines will make a strong case for that conference. >> ambassador, thank you for joining us. >> it's a pleasure. thank you. >> when we come back we'll look at how the world will help the philippines in coming days, and we'll be right back.
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>> welcome back to "inside story." joining us to discuss u.s. and international aid to the philippines is steve taralea food program senior spokesperson in washington. when something like this hits, is there something that the food program do right away. >> we try to assess what the greatest need is, what the greatest feed is, and how quickly we can bring supplies,
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food in for those waiting for help. there is no set--i mean, every disaster is different. the haiti, the earthquake was different from the tsunami in asia which was different from this. people's immediate need will be the same, food, water, sanitation, electricity. our part in this humanitarian puzzle is to bring food assistance as quickly as we can. >> is there a disaster relief package staged in the area that can be just picked up and taken there? or do you first start to have to assemble the help? >> it's a combination of things. wfp and other humanitarian organizations do pre-position supplies, equipment, food assistance in different parts of the globe so that when somebody strikes we can move in more quickly than those who were in location in a continental way. but it's also true when a
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disaster disassembles so much of the infrastructure of one country that even having supplies as close as we would like, it doesn't help as much as we would want it to. when all but a couple of country's airports have been destroyed such as is the case in the philippines, and when much of the major roadway roadways ae impassable it makes it difficult because of the geography to get supplies where we need them. >> reporter: do you start to put out the call for help to get the assets to where with they are needed? >> we do have our own fleet of aircraft, our own feet of ships, and trucks that are delivering food all over the globe every day. we actually have a very sophisticated transport system. in this case to bring supplies into the philippines from where they are right now it's not strictly wfp that's doing it,
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it's the larger humanitarian community, coordinating with the u.n. just today we airlifted from dubai 440,000 high energy biscuits, and i brought one to show your viewers what it is that we're giving to people in the philippines starting today. these arrived in manila this morning. these are essential tools. you were asking about a tool kit. these are essential tools for the first day after a disaster. they are nutritious, lightweight and they don't require cooking. and people who need food have no cooking supplies. so a plane landed this morning with 440,000 packets of these for families, and now the challenge is to get them into tacloban, the area where they're needed. >> how many due do need and how
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quickly? >> each bar is 450-calories. one barbie itself would not give them the energy they need to get through the day and function well. they might need several, but the idea is to get them in quickly to tide people over before more food assistance can come in, and these are distributed by the government. we bring these to the government to hand out at various gathering points. >> that's emergency aid. are you dug in? do you know you'll have to be in the central philippines for a while? >> we were in the philippines before this happened. we have an office there. we were in high gear very recently because of the earthquake that struck the philippines only some weeks ago. this is a country that barely had a chance to catch its breath from one natural disaster.
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so we expect to be in the philippines for quite awhile now. >> thank you for joining us. >> thank you. happy to be here. >> from "inside story" that's all for now. visit us at i'm ray suarez, the new guy for this network. now our regular host for inside story. check us out and make us a happen. check us out on our facebook page or follow me on twitter. we want to know what you make of the news of the day. send us your thoughts on twitter. our handle of the program is aj inside story am. see you next time. it's "inside story."
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>> june 2010, fighting erupts between the uzbek and kyrgyz communities of southern kyrgyzstan. the violence spreads from osh to nearby towns. >> they came and started looting houses, killing people. systematic theft, destruction, and brutal mob violence. more than 400 people are killed. 3 years on, an uneasy e


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