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tv   News  Al Jazeera  December 6, 2013 1:00pm-2:01pm EST

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>> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ hello welcome to the news hour, in doha, i'm adrian finnegan with the continuing coverage of the life and death of nelson mandela. south africans remember the man who lead them out of white-only rule. i'm barbara in london, remembering mandela in europe. the statesman who touched a generation. [ gunfire ] in other news, france s more troops to the
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central african republic a day after violence left more than a hundred people dead. a cash for work scheme is winning praise for cleanup after typhoon haiyan. we begin this news hour then with the dae of nelson mandela. the president of south africa addressed the country to reveal details of theno carrierringrin0
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[ technical difficulties ] >> and thank you for making south africa what it is today. nelson mandela inspired millions of people to reconcile and forgive. in the coming days they will honor his legacy and memory as
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they begin to prepare to say good-bye. >> so the state funeral as you said next sunday december 15th. south africa won't have seen a state occasion like it. and with so many world leaders flying in, it is likely to be a logistical nightmare. >> yes, it is. but they have no choice but to make it work, and they have been playing for a long time. nelson mandela was 95 years old, and he became sicker and sicker, so people knew this day was coming, people were planning this, so most people would expect the government had soming kind of plan in place and the plan will work. to the average people, though, for them, i think it's just how they are going to remember nelson mandela. for the parents here with children, they say they want to
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bring their children here, because they want their children to remember who nelson mandela was. and for some they don't even know who nelson mandela was. the young ones don't understand what he did for this country. and by bringing their children here, they are hoping their kids will learn and spread the message of peace and reconciliation and tolerance. >> all right. let's here now from tony leon, the former leader of the opposition democratic alliance, mandela's political foe. >> i often, you know, used to think about, well, is this man an angel or a bit of a [ inaudible ]. the answer is probably a bit of both. because he -- he knew his opponents weak spot and he knew how to seduce you with amazing
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amount of charm and persuasion to get the position that he wanted and if you stood up to him, as i had to do sometimes, he never seemed to regard that as a particular front, and i think that the way mandela operated certainly was present in the anc, was to provide influence people that he was on the right coarse. and if you weren't persuaded that was fine as well. so i always think of him as someone who didn't know his opposition as a club or a shield, he used it to try to unite the country. at our first meeting after he became president and i was elected leader of party in may 1994. he asked me to have breakfast in cape town, and he said, you
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know, toni, the opposition must hold up a mirror to the government. and we might not always like what we see in it, but that is a democracy. and he was pretty true to that. if you [ inaudible ] on certain toes of his organization, he was none too happy, but i think in the main he lived up to the ideals that he set out for the >> nelson mandela leaves a lasting legacy across the africa continent. let's hear from malcolm who has been speaking to a uganda journalist. >> we are outside of uganda's sports stadium. it was built in 1997 and it was named after nelson mandela.
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mandela visited uganda on several occasions, the first time was in 1990, just months after he had been released from prison. this man worked as a journalist in uganda for many years. >> it was euphoric. it was every single person in the country could tell that there was something in the country that had never been there before, that was nelson mandela. >> what in your view was nelson mandela's legacy? >> that person who had any other means of survival could fight the racism in this country, spend 27 years in prison and come back and not revenge on the people that emprisoned him, that i think for me that [ inaudible ] should not happen if we follow the legacy of what
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nelson mandela stood for. >> about half of the current population wasn't even born when nelson mandela was in power, but his ideas, visions and legacy live on. >> nicholas is in the capitol where people also revere mandela. >> this is one of the main arteries here, and it is named after nelson mandela. this road leads to this building, the national assembly. it's more than a symbol. it's a tribute to those who look for peace and dialogue before violence and conflict. wh nelson mandela came here in 1962 for the first time. and he came to get support - support -support -- [ technical difficulties ]
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>> here he is revered just like everywhere else in the world. he came here and went straight to an aland where slaves were taken to the americas, and that's where we were told he stayed in one of the holding cells alone and wept. and that resinated to the people here. today here like everywhere else in the world is a day of mourning and remembrance. many world leaders have been giving their reaction. here are some of those. >> when he was released from prison it gave me a sense of
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>> we must carry so that [ inaudible ]. >> and we are not likely to see another of his kind for a long time to come. >> he also made us understand that we can change the world. we can change the world by changing attitudes, by changing perceptions. >> translator: he was a great leader who fought with strong will to eliminate apartheid. >> participate nelson mandela lived an troeshgsd their life in a very ordinary way. >> translator: it's really a very big shock for us. i compare him to a big [ inaudible ], a great tree under which everyone takes shelter. >> nelson mandela was convinced that hatred and are venn j cannot make the world a better
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place. >> one man [ inaudible ] force has shown he is stronger than all armies. >> tonight one of the brightest lights of our world has gone out. [ applause ] ♪ well, as we continue to remember nelson mandela, we want to hear from you. if you have any pictures of yourself with mandela, or personal memories that you would like to share, please drop us at line. we'll share your stories and many others throughout the week. ♪ the dno carrierringringno c0
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but that could be jeopardized. al jazeera reports now. >> it's a lifeline for those living hand to mouth. government subsidized ration shops like this across the
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country, help the poor buy affordable basics. without this help, people like this man would be unable to feed themselves or their family. he is a laborer, and earns 81 usd a month. >> we rely on food subsidy if it is taken away, i will not be able to survive. i'm the soul wage earner, i have four children and they are all studying. it costs a lot. >> protecting the poorest in society and access to cheap food. the food security act guarantees that right for as many as 600 million people. this is the indian's government worry at the conference in indonesia, worried that a welfare program to give cheap food to 600 million people will contravene the new rules.
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>> can bebarter away a compromise when it comes to a fundamental right to food security. i would like to make this absolutely clear that we have not come here as petitioners to beg for a peace clause. >> reporter: four years ago when food subsidies were threatened farmers came to new delhi to event their anger. now the pressure is on india and up to 30 other nations to come into line and cut the help they give to the farming industry and poor consumers. the program could cost the government $20 billion u.s. dollars a year, and it's far above the current limit net by the wto. the talking has continued through the night to try to
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confirm the agreement. india is wondering what the agreement means for them and an already week global economy. in the philippines the recovery effort is still plainfully slow almost a month after typhoon haiyan hit. but there is a movement to get the local economy moving again. >> reporter: there's very, very little left on the store like at tacloban, this man knows that too well. he is a fisherman, or rather he was, given that his boat now sits a couple of kilometers inland. >> translator: before i was earning about 300 pesos a day from the catch. but now i don't earn anything because what i catch is what we
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eat because i don't have boat. >> reporter: his story is replicated thousands of times across tacloban. so the challenge after the emergency aid phase is to get people working and let the local economy take over again. every street in tacloban is an absolute mess and they need cleaning up, which means you have ready made jobs, which is why you have up to 20,000 people lining up to take part. >> even if they are cleaning their house, we give -- we pay them. our point is that if every one of them are cleaning up tacloban, we can revive it, and then they are able to buy
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things. if you go to the market, you can see there are a lot of things for sale. immediately the economy has been reviveded. >> reporter: pretty much everywhere you go here, you uncover little success stories. sometimes it's just someone who owns a restaurant, a place to gather at a tough time. these are the people who won't let their city die. >> i have to look for the regular suppliers of our drinks, of our meat, vegetables, that kind of stuff. i thought to myself, maybe we could just start offering one or two of our regular menu. >> reporter: the can do attitude, perhaps the only thing that could triumph over adversity such as this. all right. lots more still to come here on the news hour. we'll have reaction from havana to the death of nelson mandela.
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and world cup debutantes because nia prepare for a difficult match. the details in around 20 minutes.
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hello again, adrian finnegan here in doha. our top stories. ♪ >> south africans have been celebrating the life of nelson mandela, and tributes are being paid word wide, the 95-year-old icon died in his home on thursday. he'll be laid to rest in a p private ceremony on december 15th. leaders from 40 african nations are meeting in paris to discuss military intervention. more now on the death of nelson mandela. we have a former campaign
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manager for the south african leader. he joins us live from new york. thanks for being with us. having worked so closely with nelson mandela i can understand today must be a particularly emotional one for you. what memories of him are foremost in your mind right now? >> i mean right now i'm thinking about the election period because that was when i spent the most amount of time with him. and he was an incredible man. we would be out campaigning and his security would be trying to keep him away from the hordes of people and he would break every security rule in the book and make sure he could touch and speak to as many as he could, particularly the children. and in the last four months of the campaign, he probably spoke directly to more than 2 million people across the country. the former president said he found mandela's lack of
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bitterness astonishing. what are we to make of that lack of bitterness? and what are you able to tell us about the relationship between the two men, declerk and mandela? >> i think the lack of bitterness and mandela's focus on reconciliation are well documented. he was the kind of leader that was ten steps ahead of everyone else. he had the foresight to put behind the past and rebuild the country. but there was a wonderful moment in the election campaign. i think mandela deep down had a deep dislike for de[ inaudible ] but understand he needed him as a partner. we encouraged him to be negative and attack declark, but in the middle of the interview he
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attacked him quite vigorously. and in the last minute of the interview, he says both of us are leaders of this country, we're going to have to work together. and he put his hand physically out, and declark had no choice but to take his hand. so i think it was sort of a bitter-sweet relationship. >> without him and his attributes, would the country do you think have descended into civil war? is this >> absolutely it would have. i think it happened sort of a year and a bit before the elections when a very senior and prom meant leader was murdered and if it wasn't for mandela
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calling for calm that was the time the country was ready to explode. and i think his ability to get people to calm down and get them to be focused on the future was an incredibly contribution, without which i think the country could have easily gone off of the rails. and we miss that quality in south africa today, but he did what he needed to ensure a successful transition. >> thank you very much. we continue to get reactions from around the world. let's hear from daniel who is in the cuban capitol havana, one of the places nelson mandela headed for after his release from prison. >> that's right, and i think the news of his death has a big
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impact here. president castro spoke expressing his sympathy with mandela's family, talking about the great ties there have been between the two countries. after castro came to power, he expressed unity with nelson mandela and supported the anti-apartheid campaign with cuba sending troops fighting against the apartheid troops -- the troops sent from the apartheid south africa. and nelson mandela after his release from prison, thanked fidel castro for that support, saying it was fundamental to weakening the regime. he came to visit fizzle castro soon afterwards.
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and i think there was also a very personal bond between the two apparent when you look at the old video of the two men together. there seemed to be a mutual respect expressed. very strongly felt here in cuba. flags at half mast and official day of mourning to mark his death. >> daniel thanks indeed. loads of social media reaction to the death of nelson mandela. for all of that, let's join "the stream" in washington, d.c. >> hello, we have been covering nelson mandela's death using traditional media, and there is so much going on in social media as well. mandela's passing as become one of the most discussed topics in twitter history. each of the orange dots
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represents a mention of mandela happening in real time. so if you are tweeting his name right now your tweet will be sented on this map. i'm going to bring in the producer of "the stream." >> right. this is an incredibly global scale. you showed the map of it happening in real time. what i'm going to pull up on my screen here is the trending hashtags from right before the announcement of his passing to about four hours later. now this starts at about 1900 gnt. this is a map of what people were tweeting. it starts off with no hashtag, but over the course of four hours the dominant hashtag explodes. one of the biggest was madeva,
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referring to nelson mandela's tribe name. >> the kids all have a picture of nelson mandela, and that's in india. and so many other countries are looking and memorializing nelson mandela. are there themes? >> i'm glad you mentioned india. we talked about how brood of an impact he had. what i'm pulling up now is one of the hashtags we saw in spanish. elsewhere in arabic, of course . . . and we even have one here in french, we lost a universal hero yesterday. in addition to that, there are pictures. >> of course. >> because online is known for that. >> right. >> here is one i'm showing out
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of london. >> let me take you on a journey. we're going to start in south africa in johannesberg. and this shows you some of the tweets she hasn't touched upon. in johannesberg that's the home city of nelson mandela. and then to the uk, this is wooster. that is an essential part of the uk, and into new york, and again, people are tweeting and memorializing nelson mandela there. so it's amazing how a black south african and his life is resinating around the world. we're getting a sense of some critique of how people are memorializing nelson mandela from the united states.o cf1 o >> right. mr. don twitter writes in . . .
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elsewhere prince tweets in . . . so we need to remember that also people are saying. >> there is one more place i want to take you to see where the trending hashtags are and the instagrams as well. have a look at this. ♪
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>> what was basically done in the last couple of minutes is have been curecurerating for you. and my final go-to place is the al jazeera blog spot. live blogging from all of the news coverage that we're doing here. that's a look at the social media impact of the death of nelson mandela. the death of nelson mandela has touched communities all around the world. in the uk ordinary people are remembering the impact he had on their lives.
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>> we just saw a picture from outside south africa house on twitter, and that's because many of the anti-apartheid cers fled to london, and it was an issue at the heart of the political awakening of a generation. >> while hundreds have been gathering outside south africa house here in london, site of so many protests in the '70s and '80s. lawrence lee has more. >> reporter: left wingers used to be held to abuse for holding protests. now it's a shrine. people arriving to talk eagerly about what nelson mandela meant to them. this man produced what was clearly a treasured souvenir, his head just peaks from the background during nelson mandela's visit in the 1990s.
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>> he taught us as much about ourselves as much as how we should treat other people. but that time -- i always say this is the sort of greatest moment of my working life was that day. >> because you saw mandela. >> yeah. it is. i have never this ever since. >> for people born after the 1990s, it is difficult to explain what mandela meant. it is precisely because the iniquity of apartheid was proso easy to understand, but mandela's generation helped whole groups of people understand what it was like. and people got judged on what their attitude was towards south africa and the anc. mandela help millions and millions of time set a moral
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campus about what they thought about the world. ♪ >> and because apartheid was so easy to understand rebel against anthems like this one were sung across all universities for years and years. would they choose to put the money in a bank with links to the south africa governments? would they support mu musicians who played music there. >> margaret thatcher used to describe mandela as a terrorist. most people would say nowadays that that puts her on the wrong side of history, and those who formed the anti-apartheid movement so many years ago are the ones being congratulated
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now. >> our former headquarters in london, it was the anti-apartheid movement that [ inaudible ] congress. >> some people say the struggle was supposed by so many in britain, because of white post colonial guilt. maybe that's true, but perhaps a lesson for the future as well as a story from that past. let's bring youment some other news from europe now. at least seven people have been killed by hurricane-force winds and tidal surges. thousands of homes have been left without power, and flights, rail, and ferry services have been canceled. in eastern england thousands of homes were evacuated. >> reporter: it's one of the fiercest storms to have hit europe in years.
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it blasted its way towards the mainland. people were warned to stay in doors and avoid the worst of the weather. especially at risk were the large freight ships sailing through this trade route. as the hurricane made its way across the uk, lifeboat crews rescued people from their homes. devastation inside isn't it? >> low lying areas were at risk of tidal surges. there were fears that flood defenses would not contain the held up. >> there is that combination of the investment in infrastructure, and then giving people warnings ahead of time. evacuationed coordinated by the police and local authorities. that team work has made all of
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the difference. ar part of the coast hasis escaped the worst of the surge, but it's not completely out of trouble yet. there is a surge expected again on friday night, and it could cause some limited damage in the area. this was the worst surge the eastern coast had experienced in 60 years. such incidence are rare in this region, but it's low enough to make many living here consider this home. ukraine's president has arrived in russia for talks with vladimir putin. the pair have been discussing how to lay the foundations of a new strategic partnership. but once again people are on the streets of kiev. let's cross live to kiev and speak to our correspondent, tim friend. tim the people demonstrating there want the ukraine to have
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closer ties with europe rather than russia, so they are not going to see this meeting too kindly, are they? >> no, they are not. they are aiming for a million people out on the streets this weekend on sunday, the biggest ever crowd to have gathered here in independence square. as you say they want closer ties with the european union. they see that as their savior, because frankly, the economy here is in a terrible mess. but the ukrainian president has towards moscow for help, and this new meeting, this further meeting with president putin, there have been several over the last month or so, is highly controversial. can russia afford to bail out ukraine? that's the real question people are asking here. and of course it has been played out in ukraine, but it's an
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international row as well. some of the western european leaders have been out here, meeting the demonstrators, offering them support insofar as its peaceful, and of course, russia sees that as people making trouble in their own very, very controversial, and will, perhaps, lend the protesters here even more anger as they go into this weekend of protests. >> there are a lot of issues at play, aren't there, tim, for example from the former prime minister, who the eu think is facing charges because of politic political reasons. we have heard for more delays in the trial, haven't we?
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yes. she didn't turn up in court today. she has back problems and her health is an issue. and one of the stipulations with the european union was for her release to have medical treatment outside of ukraine, and she is never far from controversy here in kiev, and the current president sees her as an arch enemy of course, if she had been released, that might have been seen as a sign of weakness, and so she very much is at the center, still of this debate. >> tim friend live for us in kiev. tim thank you. the world cup. here is farah. >> thank you so much. the groups for the 2014 world
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cup in brazil have been drawn. our reporter has been following the draw in brazil. what has been the initial reaction to who brazil have drawn? >> well, the brazilians seam pretty happy as you might imagine. they are going to open against croatia in their home of sal palo, and as mentioned mexico, which is a team that always poses a certain threat but has certainly struggled to get into this world cup, and then cameroon, ranked only 59th in the world, but still a lot of experience for the cameroon team. the brazilians are feeling pretty good about this first
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draw. if they get past that first round, and that's certainly what nose brazilians are expecting, things could get much more difficult very fast. it could get very difficult, very quick for the brazilians. >> and people have been traveling all over the country for group games. are the fans worried that that will effect how they play? >> well, for the brazilians, not really. they are going to be in sal palo, that's only a 45-minute flight from their home base. and so they are not too worried about the travel. they kind of know what to expect. i think the big travel issues will be for some of the other teams. especially england that has to open up from an over two-hour
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flight. but for a lot of the other teams they certainly are worried about it. brazil is a country almost exactly the size of the al united states. all right. let's take a look at group b. columbia, greece, ivory coast and japan make up group c. group d is looking like one of the tightest. uruguay, england, and italy. switzerland, ecuador and honduras are in group e. iran and nigeria are other teams in group f.
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also in group g are ghana and the united states, and group h includes belgium, algeria, russia and south korea. let's go to seioga now, and what is the reaction from because nia's group? the >> well, in the first place there wasn't much speculation about which group would be good to get, and which group would be bad to get, because the excitement for being there was so huge, that whatever group you get would be kind of good enough. so if you get a weaker position you get more chances to going through. if you get stronger position, it
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could more difficult. argentina is lead by the greatest football player of our time. >> all right. thank you so much for now let's hear from former england international mark. let's start with england. they are in a pretty tough group, aren't they? this >> it was a bit of a -- moment when the draw came out. we know all about the south american sides. and then we have got italy to notoriously good at this kind of competition. let's hope they have a slow start when we play them in the first game. >> and spain versus netherlands,
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a repeat of the last final. is the spain team as strong as they once? >> well, you have two really top, top coaches. i think it could be tied this year. i think you look at the players that will be playing for spain, all going to champions league, all long seasons, then they have the travel climate to play in. i think for spain i would expect them to get to the knockout stages, but i think this could be a world cup for far too many. and group g who is any stand out there? >> well, g for germany. they always get their teams to perform. the consistency, the scoring
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goals. they have their all-time leading goal scorer playing for them, and it's a german's side that is packed with players, so that says it all, i think. >> and mark i want to know what the secret to success is. >> not to lose your first game. if you come away without losing in in the first game then you have the on if ied dense to build on. if you lose your first game you through all of your onions into one pot. you need to go into the second game with something on the table. >> okay. thank you so much for joining us. there's a dedicated section of the draw on our website, check out >> thanks. more news straight ahead here on
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al jazeera. tñ
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welcome to al jazeera america. i'm steph steph. here are the stories we're following for you. outside his home in south africa. a spontaneous tribute to nelson mandela, how he changed that country and beyond. a step in the right direction for the u.s. economy, a new report reveals the job picture is rienthing and unmroement is falling. a severe wind and ice storm is moving east. hundreds of thousands are without power, and travel problems are building. ♪


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