everyone, welcome to al jazeera america. >> we gather to say no more. >> nearly one year later, victims come together as a nation remembers those lost in the newtown massacre. republicans rift, gop leaders take on the tea party as the house votes on a new budget deal. cash crop, billions at state for government and small business. and the voice of change, her take on civil rights and her reflections on nelson mandela. >> almost a year ago the
nation was stunned by a school shooting that was simply unimaginable. the debate over guns reignited almost as fast as the shed. who were murdered in their classroom. six and seven-year-olds killed in a constant stream of gunfire, at the hands of a mentally illman with an assault weapon. >> a beautiful little kids -- >> crimes across the country brought the leader to tears he promised their deaths would not be in vain, the country would change the gun laws his vice public defender would make sure of it. the newtown families lobbies so did the powerful national rifle association. the gun rights group won. the legislation to bring a universal background
checks banned certain assault weapons and clips that hold large amount of ammunition failed. >> so all and all this was a shameful day. >> he promised he would keep fighting but since that day, there has not been a renewed push for federal legislation, they say the election will determine what happened next. >> when you have a koch stitch whensies like moms getting involved and who care more about the safety of their children, than they do about a lunatic fringe that is basically holding the country hostage. i think you will see things change. >> we are doubly concerned about something as sensitive as a civil right. and what they may lead to down the way. >> bleeping there could
be as many as 19 to 20 million new guns on the street. so in the year that's passed after the tears have been shed. pros made and not kept, politicians and lobbyiest look toward the future, and the next election, but on the anniversary the nation will stop for one day, to remember their futures. stolen forever. al jazeera, washington. >> a look at the debate that has moved from the federal to the state level. >> the mass shooting
reignite add national debate over gun laws. according to the gun control group, there have been 24 school shootings this year, that is shootings that took place on school campuses while students were present. we are going to look at gun homicide and legislation and firearms to paint a picture of america's relationship with guns, nearly one year after newtown. >> using the most recent estimates for yearly deaths more than 11,000 people have been killed in a gun homicide in the u.s. since newtown. that's compared to 2010 when the cdc reported 11,078 homicide by a firearm. congress has done little to strengthen gun regulations rather it is states that have the biggest changes in the past year. 22 states and the district of columbia have passed laws tightening gun regulations. these includes laws making it harder for residents to own guns. laws that make it easier
for the government to track guns and laws that make it more difficult for people with mental health problems to purchase guns. collectively, these laws effect more than 189 million people in the u.s. but there have also been a number of states that have weakened gun legislation over the past year. 29 states have made it easier for people to purchase guns, as well as carry guns in public. and in some cases schools. some of these states have made it more difficult to track guns. together, these laws effect more than 185 million americans. >> our political crypt tor, and he joins us tonight from washington, d.c. he is also a senior reporter. let's talk about lobbying, nra is a powerful force, are there some members of congress that are vulnerable on this issue? >> there are definitely some members of congress who are vulnerable on this.
flashily we are talking about democrats in arkansas, in alaska, heidi high camp up in north dakota. these are senator whose during the course of the year, had sited with progun rights organizations. sites with progun rights legislation, and as a result of this, they do face a serious serious threat politically speaking when they come up for re-election, because already you have groups such as those that are run by mayor mime block burg, in new york city, a outspoken advocate for gun control, say dog not donate to them, and we are coming after you. >> why is it there has been change at the state level and not as much as the federal level. >> it is easier to get something done at the state level. congress can't greet that the sun is going to rise in the east on anything, when you look at the lack of legislation that has
been passed the fact that only the thing of material -- of a material nature that has happened is concerned was extended abandon nonmetallic weapons could pass through metal detectors you are pretty much looking at something as you go into 2014 where it is quite bleak. so the 50 stays the action will really be there. expect it to continue, and expect both sides gun control, and gun rights advocates to really press the state houses all across america, not only for the legislation that already got passed, but a whole host of other things in 2014. >> you know, dave, there was so much made out of the so called newtown effect, politically what impact has this event, this tragic event had? >> it's been great business, even though this is a very dark thing to say for political consultants. but it is the truth, you have political
consultants making a lot more money than they used to on both sides. you have gun control side, in some cases four or five times the spending in went 13. that you saw in 2011 prior to the new town shootings. on the gun rights side, you also see on the lobbying efforts that are going forth, on the campaign efforts that are going forth, millions even tens of millions of dollars already being spent this year in a nonelection year. when candidates are actively running and campaigning on both sides of the issue are want going to be front and center, in the debate. >> well it looks like there will be no repeat of government shut down. large majorities voted for it, the deal would keep the government
running another two years, libby casey is on capitol hill. libby a major hurdle now what? >> well, now it goes to the senate. watch for that vote, it is expected to pass there, calling this a positive step forward. if we look at the numbers only 32 domes and 62 republicans voted against this. a very different picture than what we saw when congress couldn't agree to a budget and shut the whole thing down. tonight paul ryan before the vote took place had to go on the defensive a bit, defending both his conservative credentials and also the goal of compromise. >> look, i was part of the last presidential election, we trieddy feeting this president, i wish we would have. elections have consequences, mr. speaker. and i fundamentally believe that this is my personal opinion, i know
it is slightly partisan thing to say, to really do what we think needs to be done, we have to win some elections, and in the meantime, let's try and make this divided government work. i think our constituents are expecting a little more from us. >> so let's talk about which actually entails. it sets spending levels for two years that allows the appropriations committee to go forward and pass the bills that are just part of routine business, and in a normal cycle when everyone is not fighting over the basic fundamental numbers. it also rolls back these cuts, $33 billion worth of cuts will go away, and $85 billion in savings and revenue at the end of the day, this is said to have $23 billion in deficit reduction, over the next decade, some conservatives had a push back, but the budget negotiators say that is the picture that they have been able to agree to.
>> apparently some republicans in that are at each other's throats as well. the republican party has an intense couple of days. but often it is behind closed doors. they came out and blasted this deal but the congressman ryan john boehner ended up attacking those groups pretty fiercely. and he said that they really lost credibility because of the way they put the cart before the horse, and attacking this bill, and he also pointed to the strategy of a couple ofn't mos ago, defense those groups along with senator republican whose were pushing the plan to
defund obama-care, and link that to the federal government, that's what started the whole government shut down thing, here is what the speaker had to say about that today. >> they have lost all credibility. you know, they pushed up into the fight to defund obama-care, and the shut down the government. most of you know, my members know, that wasn't the strategy i had in mind. but if you will recall, the day before the government reopened, one of the people -- one of these groups stood up and said well, we never thought it would work. are you kidding me? >> john boehner not afraid to say how he feels right now. on to north korea. once considered the second most powerful man, the country says it is special military tribunal found him guilty of traceson.
stephanie decker reports. >> the public humiliation of a once powerful man, these images were taken last week when uncle of north korean leader was removed from a meeting, but this is nothing compared to what was to come. he is is now dead. name add traitor and executed. north korea state media reports a long list of allegations the statement reads he accuse as traitor to the nation for all ages who perpetrated anti-par tide counter revolutionary acts in a bid to overthrow the leadership and state and the socialist system. he has also called despicable human scum who is worse than a dog, and it also adds that the military tribunal all the crimes committed were proved in the course of the hearing and were admitted by him. this is the latest move in what appears to be a significant reshuffle of people around. all aimed at solidifying power in the hands of the
young leader. >> this is a figure who himself controlled significant material resources and personnel within the security apparatus, he headed one of the two man security bureaus, and now he has demonstrated that even someone at that high level of power is not immune from him discretion. oncer regarded as indisspenceble. some say somehow in the secretive society went very very wrong. stephanie decker al jazeera. turning now to chemical weapons in syria, the u.n. says they were likely used in five out of seven attacks investigated by u.n. inspectors. four of those involve the deadly nebraska agent. including a large scale civilian attack in the rebel controlled neighborhood in the outskits of damascus. that killed hundreds of people in august. after that attack, syrian president government agreed to destroy it's
chemical weapons arsenal. an unexpected snow storm in the middle east today, it is the most snow that jerusalem has seen in december in 60 years. force from their homed by the three year long civil war. kevin is here with more on that situation. kevin? >> that's right. we have been knowing that the storm would be coming for several days now, and you can see all of the clouds right here, there was a little bit of a silver lining in this. i want to show you some video, kids that took advantage of the snow, not much fun these days but with the snow on the ground, they had a great snowball fight there. now, unfortunately, this also causes problems in terms of infrastructure, syria the rest of the countries around that region, do not handle snow the way we handle snow here, in the united states, and if you take a look at the forecast map over the next couple of days we are going to be
seeing more snow in place. this area of low pressure that is here, well it is really not moving anywhere, it is fairly stational, means more snow will be falling in these regions we are talking about syria, lebanon, as well a lot of those refugee camps here on the boarder of turkey, as well. some locations should be receiving between four and six-inches, some others may go up to about ten inches there. we are here in the united states, the snow has been minimal. but we do expect to see another major storm system making its way up the east coast that will be coming this weekend, we will bring you more details on that and in some places you are going to be receiving up to 12 inches of snow. by the time we are done with the weekend i will bring you more details on that later oin the show. >> thank you. >> world leaders and the general public continue to pay their respects to nelson mandela today.
thousands lined up to get a chance to walk by his glass covered casket and bid farewell. the antiapartheid icon will lay in state through friday, meanwhile, the controversial over the sign language interpreter at tuesday's memorial continues. morgan radford has more on the interpreter accused of faking. >> he stood just feet ray way from the president, as world leaders paid their respects to nelson mandela. he was meant to be signing for the deaf, but soon social immediate was buzzing with reports that he was an imposter, now they have decided to tell his side of the story. >> admittedly i see angels come into the stadium. i start realizing that a problem is here, and the problem i don't know -- sometimes i will react violent on that place, sometimes i will feel like things like are
telling me -- i would like to tell everybody that if i have offended anyone, please, forgive me. >> but for some, that forgiveness might not come so easily. >> it was disrespectful for the deaf people. >> and you feel like having that interpreter mislead the country was does respectful. >> many say that the sign language interretter not only disrepresented madiba's legacy, but also the reputation of the country. >> how can you show the country like that. >> it is embarrassing to the country to madiba himself, and the rest of the people. >> but a government official said not so fast. you shouldn't feel ashamed for being inclusive. >> i want to deal with the issue of embarrassing the country, and i don't think we should be, because as a country and a mistake happened while we were trying.
>> others say trying isn't the same as achieving but even say if they say mandela would still here, he would month want the world punished. >> exactly. >> what do you think should happen to him? >> nothing. we forgive him. which is why they nothing, not even this translation fiasco will distract them. >> morgan radford, al jazeera, south africa. >> and later this hour, my conversation with famed american folk artist, and the influence nelson mandela had on her life and career, next. high times, the booming business of pot, how legalizing it can be good for the bottom line. plus, can you hear me now? cell phones on planes, let the battle begin.
that open your world... >> this is what we do... >> america tonight next only on al jazeera america have been telling you in the san joaquim river, freeze warnings in effect. never seen too much in terms of rain. los angeles, you are going to be seeing some beautiful weather all the way to sunday even into the low 70 did or high 60s, partly cloudy conditions, overnight, about 44 degrees. texas also dry for you as well. we saw rain showers and a mix of precip just a little bit up here towards the north. temperatures for dallas at about 42. san antonio at 55. for houston, well, you are going to be seeing rain by the time we end the week. 59 degrees there. that will will last one day. your weekend should look better with a high of 63. over here towards the southeast, some rain showers pushing
through orlando right now. atlanta is going to be about 56. an american auto maker making history. the newer ground general motor is making as it names its latest ceo. >> i'm phil torres coming up this week on techknow... for some soldiers the war never ends. watch as a battle once fought in a warzone, comes to life on a video screen. >> he was doused in deisel fuel and he was just in a lot of pain. >> can re-living trauma lead to a cure for ptsd? technow on al jazeera america
leapizing marijuana state by state. now new york and california may be next. this week a new york stay senator introduced legislation to legalize and tax the drug. a california ballot measure was narrowly defeated in 2010, but public support in that state is growing. according to one poll released on tuesday, a majority of california residents say they would support legalized pot. hillary, welcome back, good to see you. >> hi, john, thank you. >> i am wondering how your business has gone up
since the last time we talk are you overwhelmed with customers now? >> i am literally experiencing 12 hour days where i do nothing but talk about marijuana business. and although that sounds outstanding, talking about it constantly can be burdensome. >> do you call yourself a cannabis attorney? a cannabis business attorney? >> we like to qualify it. we are marijuana business attorneys. we do not do i am defense. with rea business law firm. >> washington state has already legalized the sale, how profitable has this been for the state? things remain to be seen. we don't anticipate having operative store fronts until may of june 2014. however, just recently, released the numbers every tuesday.
in some jurisdictions that really pails. for example, in massachusets, licensing fees can be in the five or six figures. but the fees from licensing have been robust. >> 2,000 people want to open stores? how does that compare to liquor stores. >> well, it is kind of a number of things here. you can cultivate, you can grow, you can be a process so, which means you can manufacture or do baked goods or you can retail. so that 2,000, that 1900 number that spans those three. >> is there a limit to how many retail outlets you can have in washington state? or is it unlimited. >> well, in particular, in washington, our liquor control board decided to limb it to 324. when they owned liquor scores there were 328.
so you asked earlier how does this compare to liquor, the law is very close to what our liquor laws are. beyond that we are strictly talking about agriculture. and we don't know how the customers will react. i know for myself,ly probably not drive 20 miles to get a beer. unfortunately, beer is more ready available whereas when you compare it to marijuana in washington state, there's not going to be that many stores to career craze feasible access. >> you have the licensing fee and taxes as well, how much will it make on this, do you think? what the projections have been, is that over the next five years we are looking in the billions of dollars because the tax revenue is so high. washington made the decision, and it was partnership of the reason it passed to do a 25% tax on every sale of
marijuana, in addition to a retail sales tax when it hits the marketplace. so if the numbers are correct, we should be making a lot of money, many people though will argue that the black market is alive and well, and how do you combat that? and that's what washington is dealing with. >> do you have any idea how much your client who sells marijuana on the retail market, or a grower can make? my clients though, my cultivators in that industry they are very well capitalized, i can't say the numbers exactly, because it is privileges. >> big money. >> they are coming in, big money is examining it, i am not talking about rj remember in orders or the big tobacco companies but i am talking about private interpret neuros that do have the capitol to celebrating pend are they in state or out of state?
do you have more people from out of state with money coming in? >> well, in washington we have a very odd rule, if you want to participate you have to have resided here for a minimum of three months. i did know have people come from pennsylvania, internationally, i have a chef that came from paris, i had coloradoians, californians, floridians so it was a good mix of locals and even internationallers. >> i'm sure we will talk about, thank you very much. >> thank you, john. >> shipping surge, millions of packages will be delivered've this holiday season, what it takes to get them to you on time. >> plus, campaigning for citizen ship. actvys make their case for immigration reform, one last time before congress heads home for recess.
signing controversial the man accused of fake signing in language during the nelson mandela memorial service said he was suffering from schizophrenia, he said he suffered hallucinations and says he doesn't remember the event. >> the motion is agreed to, is adopted. >> and house approval. the new two year deal was approved tonight in the house, a senate vote is accounted next week. approving a budget is an important step, yet on other issues the house has made little progress.
immigration about vests swarmed capitol hill, going door to door. part of an aggressive push to pass comprehensive reform, but any hope for this year is gone. along with members of the u.s. house. who left the capitol thursday evening, to return until january. >> listen mr. speaker, can you hear? many lives are hanging in the balance as this congress leaves. in the shadow of this country. where is our mobile guide? >> reform is stuck in the house, many object to a path to citizen ship with an estimated 11 million in the united states illegally the senate passed the measure earlier. but president obama is under fire.
critical of his record on deportations. >> if, in fact, i could solve all these problems without passing laws in congress, then i would do so. the number of betor faces has risen steadily a trend that has continued to grow, peeking at 410,000 removed last year taking questions, vice president biden defended the policy and held out hope for reform. they are going to get in line. exactly the way the bill calls for it. in a timeframe that is racial, so that's why you and millions like you, are the reason why this bill has to be passed. it is a racial thing to do and it is a fair thing to do, it is a jeff all interest to the country to do. and the majority of the american people think we should do it. and republican leaders weary of alienates a
growing block, push the party to soften its stance. with congress now gone for the holidays any new push, will have to wait. >> al jazeera, the white house. they have been given more time to sign up for conditions. the plan will stay in place through the end of january, to make sure that some of the sickest americans don't suffer a gap in care. it is the latest response to problems with the roll out. cell phones are jeff where. well almost. today the federal communications commission took a look at cell phones on airplanes. the agency is considering whether to allow passengers to use them mid flight. reports from new york airport.
knob nine years later, it is, and that's why they are moving toward as period of public consultation to see whether the technical issues and public desire converge to allow their use on aircraft flying above 10,000 feet. there's a lot of opposition, particularly fromle the flight attendantses because they think it could make their difficult job more difficult than it is. we went to airports in the northeast to find out what fliers think of the idea there. >> i think it is annoying. and you are on a flight, and people are traveling quite a bit, so -- you know, people want their privacy, and i can't imagine being on a plane with someone that is having a three hour conversation on a flight or two people on either side of you.
i think it is good to have the divideses on, but travel ises will stressful as is. >> i think it will be great. you are used to using your cell phone everywhere, it runs your life, and to get on an airplane and not use it it is tough. >> i hear your cell phone right now. >> i know. >> the airline won't be mantis t if the fcc winds up abruising their use, maybe sometime in 2014, but it is thought once one does others may follow. >> southwest has told us they have no plans for the use, the others say they are just waiting to see. it may well step in with it's own band, so now the departments of war over the controversial issue of whether peace and quiet on flights is something that they may one day be a thing of the pass. >> john reporting. let's head to washington,
d.c. now. joey. >> john, it is the worst of the worst, bad break up stories when ex-ex's turn the tables using what might just have been a moment of private moment between two, into revenge. airing out dirty laundry with revenge porn. we will go online to look at a vast private. should states criminal ides revenge porn. stuck with unwanted publicity. >> when you found out that the pictures of you were on the internet, did you become obsessed with googling your name, and trying to find out how often and? >> yes, absolutely. i would wake up at 2:30 in the morning and just bolt awake, and google my name. i would go through that ritual, email, facebook,
ebay, effie i could think of went through my head. plant howdies tushing that, adam may will bring us that story, and we will talk about what is being done to stop revenge porn. >> all right, thank you very much. well, people aren't just shopping for presents this time of the year, they are also shopping and shipping millions of them to friends and family. robert ray joins us tonight at the largest automated package facility in the world. so robert, how is ups gearing up for next week's busiest shopping period? >> well, john,ky tell you one thing, they are not gearing up with drones or anything like that, they have real people in this facility, thousands of them, and they have hired 55,000 workers seasonal workers around the word, jumbo jets are coming in and out of here, and we spent a few hours here this week, looking at some of the sites and sounds. millions of packages,
hundreds of airplanes. thousands of workers in a facility is size of 90 fields and a shorter shipping season this year. >> right now these folks are taking the containers out. >> this is the big time, if you will, tons of packages, and they are counting on us. >> this is the ups world port in louisville kentucky. where nearly 200 cargo jets will land, load up, and fly around the world each day until christmas. >> with a fully automated facility, where 155 miles of conveyer belts move along packages sorting stacking and loading them. >> it is the crown jewel of u.p.s. and the airline system, it is our largest hub for parcel handling and it is the largest automated parcel handling facility in the world. >> now, on the peek day which is december 23rd, they are expecting to process over 4 million pack cannings. >> nationwide, ups has
hired over 55,000 seasonal workers, and the company expected volume to be up nearly 10% this year. >> when i fly around the world so i am going on a trip where i will hit every weather system in the world. >> here at world port, there are five full time meteorologists watching weather around the planet. helping to make sure the 132 million packages in the air, and on the ground, will be delivered safely the week before christmas. >> with that product is made either no china or overseas in europe, or asia, and it comes back here and gets delivered or anywhere around the world that we can make that happen, we are a part of so many people's lives. >> accord dog many of the employees, every day until cry mas. will feel like the super bowl for them. long hours, precision pace, and address lynn. adrenaline.
now, john, just today they have pushed over 3 million packages in and out of this major facility. here in louisville, they expect those numbers to continue to rise throughout the weekend, and next week being the peek season, so when they say it is their super bowl, it kind of feels like that here. if you have ever been to a super bowl week, it is the build up to the big game, and that is exactly what is happening here in louisville as the busiest day will be december 23rd, which is a week from this monday. >> so they are expecting increases in volume, what are you hearing from company executives? >> scott davis the cpo is expecting anywhere from eight to 6% volume. internet trade is bigger than ever. 45% of the packages inside of those cargo
jets come from people buying products over the internet, and also interestingly enough. they are getting into emerging markets. working with some outlets to directly bring drugs and also healthcare supplies around the world. so that could be charging the uptick in processing for the company, john. >> thank you very much. >> coming up, it is one of the most historical sport rivalries and it is definitely the most respected. for the 114th time. it is also about art. >>
he wanted to cut the growth in cost of living adjustments and others that felt that was the wrong way to go to start to cut entitlements or at least slow the growth of entitlements. both of them came to a neutral, compromised ground. this is a compromise of the sort that people have been asking for for quite some time. the bottom line here, those conservative objections are getting some traction, but the betting is now this evening that this is going to pass the house of representatives on thursday and go to the senate the next week and end up on the president's desk, joie. >> mike, thanks for being with us. we'll follow up.
ahead. the international space station marks 15 years. are we getting enough bang for our buck, or is it just taking up space? get it? days things across the united states have been quiet but cold. across the great lakes we have had quite a bit of lake snow. as well as pennsylvania, you can see those right there, let's deliver it. it is still in effect right now, nothing, though, like what we have seen over the last 48 hours. that will be happening is we still have a lot of cold air in place. across parts of northwestern new york as well as into western parts of pennsylvania. the temperatures, though,
have changed, they have come down, since the last 24 hours albany is 12 degrees colder, than it was yesterday. philadelphia is five, and boston is five as well. back leer to the west, things are starting to warm up. what we do expect to see is a new storm system starting in the mississippi river valley that will be making its way up here towards the northeast. on saturday, well, we will be getting quite a bit of snow all the way up here from pennsylvania, new york, and most of new england as well. sunday, it begins to die down, it is really just main, northern new hampshire and vermont, but the totals are snow we will be seeing. upstate new york at 16 inches expected, boston at 10. and here in new york city, we could be seeing anywhere between three and four inches of snow.
>> an al jazeera america exclusive... former president jimmy carter reflects on the life and legacy of nelson mandela. >> that spirit of nelson mandela is embedded deeply in the heart and soul of the south africans... >> they worked side by side for freedom, now president carter talks about mandela's global impact. a revealing interview you won't see anywhere else. >> i've never heard him say, that he was grateful to the united states... >> talk to al jazeera with jimmy carter only on al jazeera america
there are more energy official hitting the road. last year's new cars and trucks set a record for gas mileage. they are making lighter cars and trucks with more efficient engines and transmissions. there's a museum that is turning energy aware intones an art. hide dojo castro takes us inside the kim bell art museum. >> boy toe cells above picasso, the kimball pavilion houses 16 century masterpieces in
twenty-first century invasions. >> i think it is a lot of architects have been wondering what was going to happen here, and to me i think the result is exquisite. >> among those that flock to study the new work of italian architect. the $135 million project, broke ground in 2010, and opened this november. to admirerring this isn't just a museum, it is a temple. >> the museums around the world have been new cathedrals. >> it exempli fies the latest in green building. part of the roof is sod, offing inlation, and much of the building is underground. then there is the way it harvests natural light. the staircase is a work of art itself, light comes in through the windows, bounces off of the slanted wall and creating a well of light. >> natural light changes
there's more life to it, and it is wonderful seeing works of art in natural light. >> museum director says the piano pavilion uses half the energy per square feet than its neighbor. >> much of our lightening is supplied by the energy produced by cells. >> finally, there's the breathing floors. you can see the little gaps. >> preventing a subtle but efficient ventilation system. >> i think what is impressive about the work is that piano has been trying to expose the inner workings. >> the pavilion open as new chapter in the marriage of art and technology.
it has been called the greatest rivalry in college history. they first did battle back in 1890, they meet again this saturday for the 114th time. michael lease has more. >> on paper this game doesn't figure to be much of a battle, 7-4 navy against an army team that has posted just three wins this season. but of course, the games aren't played on paper, this long standed rivalry is more than just an athletic contest, it features two teams made up of america's finest young men, army verses navy is america's game, and it is played with pride. you are just playing for the love of the game, two teams that have a ton of respect for each other. >> there is a lot of hype leading up to the game. people get excited. army, week, it is kind of a crazy week.
it is important, and it is a challenge for guys on the team that really stay focused. >> i think there is an added level of emotion simply because it is the army navy game. we would have with air force. but that doesn't really effect us in a negative way. if at automobile, it just gives us an energy boost. >> you just have to relax, try to tell guys it is still a football game. and as much as the emotions of this game -- our biggest emphasis is playing between the white lines. >> records don't matter rivalries like this. they will come out ready to play. >> bowl bound navy has dominated this rivalry recently, winning 11 straight against army. so while the players and coaches try to block out the distraction and focus on the task at hand, the black knights relatively fish thought of ending their season on a high note. yesterday i had one of my teammates and we were walking to the locker room, and i asked how he was doing, and he said
ready to change history. i said you know i like the way you think. and i think that encapsulated the way we want to play this game. >> they want to end it, and prove that army needed to take the reigns back in this rivalry. >> just another game for us. that's kind of how we have to look at it. if we put on that pressure, then there's no way to pull out the victory. if we just go with the attitude it is our last game for seniors then we will have a chance. >> not just another game. >> no. very very big game, and it's been decades since ethey are of these teams have competed for able that title. >> yeah, it has. what has happened is the competitive nature has grown through the years and teams and players have been motivated by nfl success, the standards to get in are much higher than the average college football program so between the height requirements the weight requirements, these men do have military requirements after their service is over, so it is harder for
them to get the same athletes that can compete. so this is strictly about pride. >> but still incredibly exciting. 50th anniversary of an important rivalry, but the 1963 game was important. one, it was played 15 days after the assassination of john f kennedy. he was a navy vet himself, but the game was canceled initially in the wake of his assassination, but jackie kennedy said please reschedule, because he would have wanted it to be played. it was the first time instant replay was used in america sports, that game, and the became came down the the wire. army was ranked second, they had a chance to go to the national championship. and the final seconds of the game, so it was memorable on several fronts. >> clearly led to one player going, but when their college days are over, what about some of these guys? does football play a role in their future? >> they have a five year military commitment. how, about five years ago, a new rule came into
existence where after two years they can go play professional sports. their service is reduced because they are playing professional sports. however, if they don't make the team, they have to go back to military service. but they do have the opportunity if they are good enough. >> next up, i talked with john about what it takes to make change happen, even if it means going to jail. >> this isn't a new channel, this is a watershed moment in media for america. >> this entire region is utterly devastated. >> people our here are struggling. >> the fire jumped the highway we took earlier. >> your average viewer want's to actually understand how the health care law is going to help them or hurt them. >> they know they can get extremist bickering somewhere
how do you think nelson mandela fits in with that long list? >> what is fascinating about mandela is they had ha no concept of equal rights since the early 17th century. it was the british controlling and apartheid came late, but for us to think of somebody inventing a movement without having experienced anything to do with equal rights, human rights, is pretty astonishing. >> i believe you before in louisiana, i read an interview you did in which you said there's no real social change without sacrifice and risk. what sort of sacrifice and risk is required now days in order to have some change? i think the same risk is
required now. nothing will move without civil did obeetent, has to be in some ways ready at a sen point. to go to jail. sacrifice became a work that disappears from the war in vietnam. and the civil rights movement here. >> because you hear many people who are involved in the protest in the 60's, say where is the passion now days especially with young people, why don't we have the same passion we had during the fight against the fight in vietnam? >> the fact is there was a ten year period which never be repeated. we have to invent what is going to come next, it is not going to reappear, this amazing period to have this creativity and part of it came out of reactions to the war, and to civil rights, and now all of those things need us -- need our attention, but it's very difficult
to have that without a cohesive feeling, and i would say that the cohesive feeling didn't come back in this country, until obama gave his speeches and changed the world. i think that like every other president, he found when he walked into the oval office, that it was impossible to follow through. >> one last question, i believe a couple of years ago, you talked about stopping singing, and -- but clearly you continued, tell me about that and why you thought about quitting and why you continued? >> i think i thought about quitting because it was getting really hard to sing. and it took the joy out of it then it wasn't worth doing. i found vocal therapists who literally changed around the fizz logically and every way how i was attempting to sing, and when i caught on, then the joy was coming back, the ease was coming back, and i loved being on the
stage and i loved touring. >> well, it is a pleasure to talk to you, and we hope you have many more years of singing and speaking out in the future, thank you for being on al jazeera tomorrow. >> it's my pleasure, thank you. >> coming up, all new tonight, at 11 eastern 8:00 pacific, the death of a new york college student is raising new questions about fraternity pledge rituals what he was doing that led to his death and the message one mother has for students and parents. plus, the affluent a defense. the dui case of a wealthy teenager sentenced to probation for killing four people. those stories coming up tonight, 11 eastern, 8:00 pacific time, back in 15 seconds with a recap of your top stories of the day.
mcto al jazeera america, here are the top stories. the house overwhelmingly pass add two year deal tonight. the senate is expected to vote on the legislation next week, president obama said he would sign the bill into law. north korea announced that it had executed the uncle of leader kim junk un. -found guilty of testson, his execution reportedly is one of several in the secretive country, and part of his plans to consolidate power. the u.n. says inspectors have determined chemical weapons were likely used at least five times in syria, according to a new report four of those attacks