guantanamoyou > welcome to the newshour. i'm here in doha with all the top stories. fears of civil war are mounting in the world's newest country. tens of thousands displaced by violent in south sudan. we report from a central african republic where a group says war crimes are permitted. >> turkish prime minister called a corruption into his allies a
dirty operation. >> and mapping the stars in 3d. the european space agency launches a new mission. >> violence is continuing to spread across soouth sudan, east african ministers will travel across the country. fighting broke out on sunday in the capital juba. troops loyal to the president say they lost control. the capital of jeongo. the newest country is being dogged by political infighting and ethnic divisions. the president salva kiir blamed fighting on what he calls a coup instigated by his ousted deputy. his support base is the dinka people. the former vice president riek
machar gets his backing from the nuer. he blames rivalries within the army on the coup. there are fears it could escalate into civil war. thousands escape the violence and seek shelter in the u.n. >> we joined on the phone now by our correspondent. what are you seeing on the streets of juba, and your journey from the airport. what conditions, is it tense there? >> what we see is things are calm. some people woke up and heard gunfire in the west of the city. it didn't last long. what we see now are people on streets, cars on the road. people are still nervous, there's a long line of cars in people going to the airport. foreigners are trying to fly out. and a few locals are trying to leave. the u.n. needs to come in and
mediate in the future. people here caused fear, and they will make sure that there's calm in the capital. they are worried that there could be more fighting. >> it seems the military spokesmen are saying it is not clear who is fighting who. what sort of picture are you getting out of there? who is joining which side? is it down tribal lines? >> well, it's a bit of both. it's a combination of everything. it is a tribal line issue. problems have been caused for many years. we are hearing from people loyal to the former vice president riek machar, about trying to take control of the capital. all these factors are coming
into play and they are heading into the country. the government is saying they are in control, people should not panic. there's a lot of soldiers on the treats, trying to maintain law and order. the main fear, of course, is what is going to happen next. they are not sure. those are hiding in the u.n. compound feel that if they go home they'll be attacked by rival tribes. things are not quite stable. they are calm. people are nervous and they are hoping that people come in to intervene before there's a full-scale civil war. >> the latest from south sudan. >> now a coalition of african
nations has taken over peacekeeping operations in central african republic. it will eventually be in charge of 6,000 soldiers and will try to put a stop to the violence that killed 1,000 people. in the past few weeks andrew simmons reports from bossongoa. >> another african peacekeeping force in the making. dress rehearsals ushering in a military acronym for a country on the brink of killing, a genocide. this force is face the size of fomac and will double to 6,000 in the coming weeks. with the military build-up political pressure is bearing down upon michel djotobia. >> we have discussed with the
president the transition, insisting on what needs to be done to prevent further atrocity. in other words, it is critical that a message comes from himself to make sure that nobody will be immune from any form of prosecution. >> here in bossongoa, a city like the capital, the risk of large-scale killing has not diminished. it's clear that bolder action is needed as attacks on villages by christian militia continues. >> the challenge is profound. it's not about peacekeeping, but enforcing calm. to have a hope of doing that the new force needs to be fast, efficient and well equipped. >> the outgoing peace-keeping force commander believes the bolls sterd force will work.
>> we only act depending on the threat. >> action is needed soon in bossongoa as the fears of the minori minority muslim people don't lead to escalation. the army wants to disarm both sides, but it is too tense at the moment. in the coming days it is expected there'll be more pressure on the interim government to put out positive messages about reconciliation. alongside that robust action to disarm the killers. >> well, amnesty international has released a highly critical report into the violence in central african republic. it says all sides are committing war crimes, and crimes against humanity. thousands of people have died in the conflict since the start of december. fighting has forced 600,000
people from their homes. the line between organised armed groups and civilian mobs is blurred, with many taking part in revenge attacks. >> we are joined by the handover journey. is this new force taking over, going to make the difference, do you think? >> it will make a difference. the when is whether it makes the impact to keep the two sides apart, and start some process of reconciliation. what is happening now is a handover of the power from one commander to another, a new force which will be, in effect, three to four times the size of the earlier one. what is also a big problem is the french army it not intent on staying permanently and the call is for more support from the european states. they give logistical support. boots on the ground is a
problem. there has to be a bigger presence. we mentioned the amnesty international and there's a report from human rights released on thursday. that calls for more presence on the ground. add to all of this the desperate need for political change here as well, and along with trying to build trust between christian and muslim communities. >> your report mentioned a u.n. spokesperson saying atrocities had been committed, atrocities on both sides. is there a sense that violence is subsiding? >> it's hard to call, because the potential is there for it to happen. and it is happening. it's not happening on the large-scale basis that it was before. the u.n. ambassador for the u.s. is here, samantha power. she is carrying a tough message to the interim government, calling for it to actually put
out a message calling for reconciliation, because that has not been made clear. but calling for people to be brought to book, and warning christians and muslims that if they carry on killing they'll face justice, and so what is happening now, really, is a really important point in this crisis, because the political pressure is piled on by the u.n. in a more profound way, and the u.s., and we are seeing a bigger force put together, but still in answer to your question, there is potential for genocide here still. everyone is aware of that. the trust is very, very thin indeed, and from what we have seen in bossongoa, the violence just starts very, very quickly, and can get out of control quickly, and that means there needs to be colossal force used in terms of spreading the numbers of troops around this country, which is the side of
france, and has virtually no infrastructure. >> andrew simmons with the latest from the capital bangui. >> turkish perform is calling corruption in an inquiry, including cabinet ministers and their families. we have this report. sta >> it's been a parade on powerful and wealthy people on the way to detention. allegations ever bribes for construction projects, illegal development of historic sites, document formry and multimillion cash and cold transactions. >> suspects are the general manager, the mayor, prominent business people, and the sons of three cabinet ministers.
>> this is a blow to the government. the image is they've been the cleanest party. turkish prime minister recep tayyip erdogan responds angrily calling it gangs within the state. the first reaction from the government side is to suspend five senior police officers involved in the investigation. some worked from this hours behind me. according to the official statement, they are accused of malpractice. >> since then, media reports say the governments suspended a total of 40 police for, it says, abusing their power. something else is going tonne in turkey, alongside allegations and counterallegations of corruption. that is something else is a movement led by this man. >> he is a muslim leader that lived in exile in the united
states since 1959. he has had built a power base at home. his movement used to back a ruling party. columnist explained many of the former students joined the police and judiciary. that relationship with the government has breen down. >> this was an aligns, a power alings of some sort. whether or not this was a fight for reform or democracy is something else. >> only a careful analysis of the evidence will prove if these are politically motivated or not. it looks like more evidence and scandal will emerge. >> the u.n. general assembly condemned syria's government for widespread and systematic growth violations and expressed
concerns about what it calls extremist groups. it will not take part in peace talks in switzerland. the leader spoke to al jazeera in his first television interview, abu mohammed al-joulani. >> these men are members of nusra front. it's a powerful group fighting against forces loyal to syrian president bashar al-assad. it was created almost two years ago. it's affiliated organization than the u.s., u.k. and unconsider a terrorist group. >> nusra wants to establish a syrian state known as syria. not much is known about its leader. he joins al qaeda to fight u.s. forces in iraq. >> in his first ever interview al jazeera's abu mohammed al-joulani is speaking. he says his fighters have the
upper hand in syria. >> translation: the battle is almost over. we have covered about 70%. what is left is small, we will achieve victory soon. we pray to god to culminate the efforts with victory. >> the numbers of fighters are kept secret. estimates suggest it could be anywhere from 5,000 up to 20,000 fighters. most of the fighters are syrian who fought the u.s. they used suicide attacks and have strongholds in different parts of syria. syrian rebel groups have been accused of committing acts. in 2012 the people came out in their hundreds to voice support for the group. nusra suffered the blow when hundreds of foreign fighters
defected with their weapons, to join another al qaeda-linked group. but along with other powerful rebel brigades nusra is strong and does not recognise its leaders. they reject the idea of going to an intergs alt peace conference. >> we do not recognise the results. those taking part in the conference have forgotten the sacrifices. they have no presence on the ground. you can not allow geneva ii to allow the people to sink back into injustice and dictatorship. >> because the war in syria polarized the ethnic leaders, it allowed forged relations between
the u.s. and iran. >> translation: those regimes are running out of options. the ferocious tide of iranian shias is coming. the new iranian ally has taken their place. if the assad regime remains in power, then the next target will be the arabian peninsula. >> the nature of the conflict in syria is sectarian, regional and international. almost three years of war killed over 120,000 people. and forced more than 7 million out of their homes and country. >> plenty to come on al jazeera, including two more detainees are released. we give you the latest on a push to close down guantanamo bay. elderly and carefree in china, how the one-child family has had a positive effect in a positive
way for some. >> in sport - the moroccan champions reach the final of the club world cup. joe will have the details in sport. >> first the weather with steph, starting down under in australia. that's right, somewhere that's been very hot. it's been adelaide where the temperatures have been soaring. here is the temperature chart. you can see the dark reds in the southern parts of australia. 43 degrees was the maximum temperature today. that is the hottest december day since 1931. it's a long way above average. 15 degrees above the average that you expect in december. now, things are going to change as we head through the next couple of days, it's thanks to the weather system. it is shifting eastwards but moving through slowly. on friday it will be hot for us
in adelaide, particularly first on during the day. to in the morning. 38 degrees will be the maximum, and then the cloud and rain will role in, and the temperatures will tumble away. by the time we get to saturday it will be fresher. our maximum will be 29. there'll be cloud and rain. it looks like some of us in victoria and through tasmania will see the wet weather as well. ahead of the system it will be warm for sydney. we'll be up until 28. the temperatures here are easing too. >> russian president vladimir putin defended his billion dollar bailout deal with ukraine, and is speaking at his annual question and answer session. russia's relationship which sparked protests dominated. >> we should do what the family
members do, support our sister nation, one which is in dire straits. had is the number one reason why the decision was tape. we have a special relationship with the ukraine. it's not for the sake of current leadership, but the ukrainian people. the decision was taken for pragmatic reasons. >> ukraine's president is expected to criticise opposition members who have been leading weeks of protests. they vowed to block parliamentary proceedings stopping the russian deal going through. jennifer, you have a lot of protesters camped out behind you. what are they waiting for viktor yanukovych to say? . >> well, you know, a few minutes ago viktor yanukovych was on the screen in his first public address to the nation sips these protests became widespread.
what he said was tuck talking about ukraine's gas description system, a pipeline system that brings gas through ukraine. he was speaking about then but for reasons we don't know why, when a question was asked about the protests, they went back to video of what is happening here at the square. we have seen here today a little bit of progress while opposition - opponents of the government has been blocking parliament over the last couple of days, physically vouching the speaker's seat in parliament. this morning an encouraging sign. opposition mps saying they'll allow parliament to meet to discuss the 2014 budget. opposition leaders saying they want to show the country that the budget is - that there's nothing good in the budget. pro-government members saying it's clear to the opposition
that it's clear now they have there 15 billion, that there's no sense in blocking parliament. >> i suppose that is the key question. now that president putin said as long as it doesn't harm the economy, ukraine can talk to the e.u., is viktor yanukovych going to let that out of the bag and say, "yes, we are talking to the e.u.?" >> it's unclear whether viktor yanukovych will make the concessions. the big question is what did ukraine give to russia in exchange for the deal. that's the question the protesters have been asking in the last day or so, calling president viktor yanukovych, saying he sold out and don't trust russia. vladimir putin said his deal with russia and the ukraine had nothing to do with the e.u. protests. he is talking about a brotherly relationship with the ukraine. he made veiled comments to a longer term relationship, saying that ukraine's strong treaty
relationship with russia is part of its legacy being a soviet state, and that should continue. it could be a veiled reference to the customs reference that vladimir putin wanted, and talking about a longer firm relationship. vladimir putin referring to the pipe-line system, for access to the system. when he mentions that to questions raised about whether it will be part of a future deal or relationship with russia, concerns in the ukraine that the deal with russia is conditional, is reviewed every quarter, giving moscow leverage in ukraine. >> good to get your thoughts. jennifer glass with the latest from kiev. >> a special panel investigating the national security agency recommended it should have its powers prestricted, following allegations it has been collecting regards of billions
of phone calls, including that of foreign politicians. >> the head of america's big tech companies were at the white house on tuesday and want reform of the spy agency. it looks like they may get their wish, quicker than expected. a surveillance review board report is due to be published but has been pushed out by the white house. the highlights - the n.s.a. will not keep a database, it will be held by the phone data companies. the agencies will no longer have a back door into programs. and the u.s. will not spy on non-u.s. citizens outside of the u.s. the scope of the program was revealed by edward snowden. the journalist who helped him get information out says changes need strong support. >> the congressional committee is completely cooptive, they are
worth less even if they have the incentive to do so, which they don't. courts have been one-sided. we need oversight mechanisms to ensure the checks take place if the white house adopts them. >> the white house can accept, reject or modify recommendations, but will have to consider a recent decision ruling that the massive collection of data would be unconstitutional. it will argue that anyway challenge will listen in, or others, that they feel they need to be watched. >> any time there are outside elements. be they judicial, legislative, media, journalism that is passing judgment by shedding light on clandestine programs, it is a problem for the national security establishment. that's not necessarily a bad thing.
oversight is important. unchecked and unwatched, institutions and its people will expand their options. these things need to occur. >> the panel does not suggest the n.s.a. stop all phone data. that was not likely to happen. it recommend reducing the scope of what it can grab. >> people in china are working longer hours, making it harder to find time to look at relatives. it's tough for those born under the one child policy. one businessman found a way to tap into a growing market. >> the residents of sun city starts the day with exercise - at least those who can. though able to walk, this 80-year-old, a local party communist party chiefs could barely move when his sons
brought him here. >> translation: i was not thrilled. they are billion airs, i'm okay with it. i like it here. >> this is sun city. a privately run community geared specifically towards the elderly. it has its open hospital, temple and supermarket. there are houses and man cured visitors and custom-built apartments, sold or rented to those above 60 years owl. >> leaving the elderly in someone else's care is not a popular idea. it's seen as a fail your to comply with phammial duty. >> former policeman came up with the idea after his father died. he felt like he failed to care for him as he should have and wanted to make sure others got a better chance. >> times are changing. people are more liberal,
educated and busier. this is a way to care for the elderly without failing as chin. >> living here comes with a price that most in china can't afford. it costs anywhere from 250 to 700 us a month. some say it is worth it. un like state run welfare homes, they are amongst their own in better surroundings that make them feel happier in confident. they also feel like less of a burden to their children. with the population ageing, the developers believe they are on to a winning formula and it's a matter of time before more communities like this spring up across a changing china. >> more to come on al jazeera, including expelled from saudi arabia, almost 140,000 ethiopians head home following strict labour laws. >> into another dimension, the
try to end the fighting >> the african union has began taking over peacekeeping operations in the central republic. more than 1,000 people have been killed. >> turkish prime minister called a corruption investigation into many allies a dirty provision. dozens of people, cabinet ministers and their families have been caught up in the probe. >> back to south sudan where an issue driving the tension began because of ethnic tensions. these came to a head when president salva kiir sacked his cabinet. his support base comes from the dinka people. vice president riek machar was one of those sacked and his support comes from the nuer people. south sudan's problems go deeper than ethnic divisions.
for more than that i'm joined from oxford in england. talk about the root causes of this current violence and fighting. they started off as more of a political faction than ethnic lines. am i right in thinking that? >> yes. i think that we have to identify two separate, though, related problems. one is within the party, the splm. where there has been a growing concern and criticism and dissatisfaction about the performance of the government and the direction of the party, i saw an open and earlier this year, open debate and criticism that was brought to an end in july when the president sacked his entire cabinet. within the army there's a different problem. a lot of soldiers brought in
signs 2005, and especially 2011 were former government militias. former khartoum backed militias and former enemies of the spla. they have not been fully integrated into the army. although these problems, these tensions are related, i think they have to be looked at as having different sources and following different trajectories. >> if our correspondent says the ugandan leader has been called on by the united nations to try to mediate. they reached out to the former vice president. is that really what needs to happen now. can they bring parties to the table to mediate or has the violence gone beyond the capital, out into the countryside. >> once fighting starts, we
don't know what will happen. also i think there is more than one party involved. you have the splm politician who has been accused of organising a coup. there can be a dialogue within the splm. within the army there's different roots and factions whose political alliances extends beyond. we don't know if the person that has taken over is a former khartoum militia man. there are a number of groups of people that have to be brought into a dialogue. you need to get people within the army, the party, supported by agencies, international bodies, to really get down and
hash out the grievances and the differences of opinion. >> the former vice president was saying when he spoke to journalists that he didn't get the sense of any dissenting voices. there almost needs to be a culture change, if the mediation has a chance of working that the president must accept other opinions. >> well, as i said, there was an open debate in discussion earlier, that was closed down in july. the security forces at least security agency in juba has been very active in suppressing discussion. if there's going to be resolution to the crisis, not so much dissent, but different opinions, criticism has to be
opened, allowed and discussed. there are some inflammatory statements by people, especially outside sudan, on the internet. these don't hep in fostering an open and serious debate. good to get your thoughts. douglas johnson with the latest ramifications of what is happening in south sudan. >> almost 140,000 ethiopians have returned home after being expel from saudi arabia. thousand more are coming each day. they are victims of laws forcing undocumented workers to leave. many illegal workers were caught up as their documents were confiscated by their employers. one of the returning workers explained conditions for migrant workers >> translation: i thought i would get a good life, get a good job with devent pay. i'm happy that i'm here alive.
there are a lot of horrible things happening there. >> for many people living in new york is the fulfilment of the american dream, and the first port of call for comman escaping persecution in the home country. >> this man moved to the united states three months ago and settled in a small apartment in new york city. he didn't plan the trip, he fled, an outspoken critic of vladimir putin's russia. he remembered the threats from police agents. >> if you do not stop your activities, you'll be arrested and put in gaol until the end of your life. >> his wife, then pregnant, later joined him. their newborn son michael was born here. with no income they rely on the charity of friends and filed for political asylum. >> we have nowhere to go. united states is our loft hope. other than that, i don't know
what we could do. >> people from around the world move to new york city every year, but a small number of them come under willingly, not in immigrants, but political asylum seekers. >> they show up ilequipped after many years. some have no english. this man felt that way in 2006. >> beginning from zero. what happened was that. you know, in iran we didn't have any home, i didn't have any hope. >> a journalist and blogger fighting for the rule of law in iran, he says he was imprisoned, tortured and forced by the government to sign a fake confession. >> because of the internet. technology we have right now in the world, i kept my net worth
with the country. >> this man, a student leader during the tina men square incident. he said he would return to china without hesitation if he could. >> i was and am in political exile. i can't return to my homeland. i didn't even vissicly have a passport. >> he launched a software company and earns millions. he now spends free tame working with the occupy movement. advising young protesters. he has found a knew outlet for his samples. that's the change. like many refugees before him, after years of fighting for social rights, he must find a new calling in a new country.
>> two men held up the guantanamo u.s. base in cuba have been sent home to sudan. it's the latest effort to close down the prison. >> home at last, a free man. uthman muhammed was one of the first prisoners to arrive at the u.s. detention facility in guantanamo bay cuba. after 11 years he's been released back to sudan, along with fellow detainee ibrahim othman ibrahim idris. >> >> translation: we are in a stable medical condition and doing check ups to make sure we are fine. generally speaking we are in a good condition. >> they pleaded guilty in february 2011 to conspireing with al qaeda. that gave him a life sentence. this is the third guantanamo release this month.
the two saudi arabia nationals were freed, following two others. they are part of a push by the obama administration to shut down the prison camps. they were set up following the attacks to foreigners caught in counterterrorism operations. the u.s. president is facing considerate political opposition. speaking at the united nations in september, he again announced plans to repatriate them. >> we are transferring detainees to other countries and trying terrorists in courts of law and working to close the prison at guantanamo bay. >> there are still 158 prisoners, controversial and expensive, the operating costs run at around $2 million per detainee. there's the damage guantanamo caused to the u.s. reputation, creating an image of democracy
operating above the law. holding suspects without charge. >> venezuela's president nicolas maduro told opposition leaders they can challenge his leadership in 2016. nicolas maduro told politicians they'd need to collect 4 million signature to start the process and urged them to work with him in the meantime. >> a swedish aerospace firm won a $4.5 billion contract to supply dozens of fighter jets to brazil. it's part of a plan to increase patrols in land boarder. it's covered by jungle, making it easy for arm and drugs to be smuggled. it will be used to protect offshore oil feeds only discovered in recent years.
>> a u.s. judge cleared the way for a lawsuit against investors in facebook. it accused them of misleading themment the social network was caught up in a legal battle after its $15 million float. >> still to come on al jazeera - a momento, why this top brazilian footballer was stripped by some of his opponents. details in sport coming up with jo.
>> welcome back. a u.s. attorney who charged a u.n. diplomat with visa fraud defended his action. devyani khobragade was arrested and strip searched in a case that caused widespread anger in india. the federal prosecutor said she was treated better than other offenders and there's an been an inflation of reports. >> the u.s. senator passed a 2-year budget deal ending months of political wrangling. it will ease spending cuts and remove the threats of a government shutdown. not everyone has cause for celebrations. patty culhane has more. >> the as are 64, the nays are 36. >> with that vote the u.s. sena senate makes sure the government will not shut down.
m they could threaten to default. in washington this is heralded as a breakthrough. >> it is what the american people have called for. a compromise. >> lauren, who asked us not to use her last name has another name for the deal, disgraced. this is what she has done, look for work. the money she counts on to pay her rent goes away because congress couldn't agree on how to extend unemployment benefits for long-termed unemployment. some argue the payments for keeping people from trying to find work. it's so debill dating to send out application after application to spend hours and hours trawling online, calling people, going to networking event, trying to put a glad face on when you are met with rejection so much of the time. >> in weeks 1.3 million will no
longer get government help. the budget restores about half the budget cuts made to domestic programs like education and food aid and the military in one year. to pay future federal workers and retirees will get less. many will call that an outrage. >> they leave behind families, their homes. a wonderful life to go out and protect the freedoms that we enjoy. singling them out so not just unfair, it's wrong. >> there are promises to fix it and restore the checks for the long-term unemployed when congress returns from the holiday recess. >> lauren is counting on that being more than a promise. she is counting the days when she'll be at risk of losing her home. >> now let's get the sport with
jo. thank you. >> moroccan side has reached the final of the f.i.f.a. club world cup, seeing off a brazilian favourite. the home side took the lead. a goal after 51, putting casablanca 1-up. the brazilians equalized 12 minutes later. it looked to go to extra time until a dubious penalty. the spot kick converted. the 3-1 win wrapped up earning a place in the final. they'll meet european champions bayern music. >> ronaldinho was stripped of his kip. the world cup winner had his boots untied and taken.
the players couldn't decide who would keep the momentos. >> in spain's kappa del ray, spain reached the last 16. the 18-time winners made sure of the victory. real won 2-0. defending champions atletico madrid saw of san andreao. they lost to third of this division side 2-0 on the night and 2-1 on aggregate. >> manchester united advanced to the finals of the premier league. the shock results saw west ham fight back from tottenham to win 2-1. spursar i head. matthew jarvis and others rallied to earn the victory. it's the first time west ham
claimed back to back victories at white hart lane since 1966. >> it's a great night for us and the west ham fans. it's tries on the trod. i don't know how much it means to them. it's a victory we enjoy. >> they bombarded us late in the games and got us the brakes. it's a disappointment to the legend now. >> brazilian authorities gave the go ahead for work to resume at the world cup stadium, five days after a construction worker fell to his death from the roof of the stadium. the court is satisfied that the builders have complied with safety requirements. it was already expected that the venue would miss the end of year f.i.f.a. deadline for completion. >> in the n.b.a. miami heat got their own back over the indiana
pacers. the top two were in conference on wednesday. lebron james played through a twisted ankle. he showed no effects. pacers led, with paul george scoring 25. the fourth quarter was miami led bay dwayne wade, finishing with 32 points. miami raised a 15-point deficit ending 97 to 94. >> nhl - nersie jersry -- new jersey senators hosted. 3-0 to the devils. 5-2 new jersey is how it finished. >> to new york where the rangers hosted the pittsburg penn gins. the penn gins with a 3-1 lead,
one that didn't last as late in the third the rangers tied at 3-3. forcing it into extra time. in a shoot out the pens stretched the winning streak to five games. >> 35-time grand slam tennis champ wrong billy jean king will represent the usa at the sochi winter olympics. she has been selected for the u.s. delegation to the games in russia. the 70-year-old was one of two gay delegates. russia came in for criticism. >> we have been clear, the president has been clear he finds it offensive the anti-l.g.t.b. legislation in russia, for example. we take clear and strong stands on that issue and the curtailment of civil society in
russia, as well as the harassment caused to those who protest corruption in russia, and the issues we have with russia, that we are very upfront about. >> india's cricketers are finding it tough going out retired batsman sachin tendulkar. they are playing south africa at the wandersers in johannesburg, and resume 2/255. but could only add 25 runs before being flittered by the bowlers. flander taking three wickets and morkel another three. south africa have just begun their apply. >> a 200 run stand helped the westernerbers to 289 against new zealand. the tourists home to square the 3-test series with victory in
hamilton. there's more on the website and how to get in touch with the team using twitter and facebook. that's all the support. >> good work casablanca. >> absolutely, especially with the souvenirs. >> now, look up at the sky on a clear night you can see countless stars. now the european space agency is hoping to map many in 3d. >> over an hour aag its gaia mission was launched and we explain what it sets out to achieve. >> scientists plan to park the billion dollar gaia telescope in its shadow, 1.5 million miles away. without the sun's glar, it will
be able to look at the stars. >> we don't know how far away the stars are. gaia will refine the positions to the 1% or better. for the first time we'll have a 3d map of a large chunk of the galaxy. gaia uses two telescopes to track movement of stars. each with five mirrors, focussing light on to a billion pixel camera, the most powerful in space. the precision tracking technique pin points the position, around 2 million stars an hour. the data will be transmitted back to earth for analysis. >> if we measure the significances for the stars, we can look at distant gal axies, and if we see how bright we are in, by comparing the two you can work out how far away we are. it gives us a wonderful map of a
large part of the universe. over the next five years it's hoped gaia will map and remap the positions of a billion stars and measure their bright possess, temperatures, composition and motion in space. scientists expect to discover new asteroids, tens of thousands of failed stars or browned dwarfs and as many as 20,000 super-nova or exploding stars. from a detailed survey it's hoped gaia will shed light on the structure, how it came into being, why it is the way it is. >> an as tron omer at the university college in london and explains why gaia is a significant launch. >> knowing that will allow us to know how gal axies develop. by measuring the positions and
the philosophies, but the other important aspect is the detection of solar planets. the ability of the spacecraft to pinpoint movements of stars, which is equivalent of that movement, equivalent to see a fight on the moon, for example. that precision is completely unprecedented. when i say the number, it's unbelievable, science fiction. you can see the stars wobbling of planets around. by physically seeing the star moving and then you take planets in orbit. they move and the star will travel. thousands of new solar systems will be developed. >> that's it for me. stay with us. we'll be here with another full bulletin news straight ahead. see him after the black.
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