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tv   America Tonight  Al Jazeera  December 24, 2013 12:00am-1:01am EST

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>> welcome to al jazeera america, here is a look at the top stories, the united states is sending 150 marines to south sudan to help evacuate americans caught up in violence there. thousands of civilians fled fighting in that african nation. a family in california is fighting to keep a 13-year-old girl on life support. jahi mcmath went to brain dead after a routine tonsilectony went wrong. the hospital says the girl should be taken off life support. the family is fighting that in court. >> 11 angry people are suing target for the security breach that exposed information of up to 40 million customers.
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target is not commenting. they joined with the secret service to investigate how the breach happened. >> a judge in utah denies a request to stop same-sex weddings. the state is reviewing the ruling that overturned same-se marriage. hundreds of couples obtained licences. >> those are the headlines. i'm tony harris. "america tonight" is next. you can get the latest on our stories on aljazeera.com. >> on our america mi -- on "america tonight" the growing fear of an all out civil war. >> we don't know are the town is
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under control of the rebilities. >> also, safe sex, another community, are suspected of, little if you ball that could change an industry. >> the average toy on the toy shelf, you buy, you take it home and it will last you for four days. >> four days? that stinks. >> and good evening, thanks for being with us, i'm joie chen. we begin this hour in south sudan looking at the world's
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newest nation where old rivalries threaten to force that state into a all out war. clashes have been reported in towns in that country, sending tens of thousands fleeing to united nations camps. the crisis started a week ago, after the president accused his former vice president of a coup. more than 100,000 people displaced. almost 400 americans have been evacuated from the country in just the past week. came under fire over the weekend weekend. al jazeera's haru matassa has been doferg conflict. >> thousands of people are trying to escape the fighting.
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the capitol of unity state to rebels, they are mrs. battling to recapture bor. >> there are a lot of people now in the u.n. compound in bor town. the whole town is completely, only these soldiers who move about in the town. all the bodies have not been collected. we don't know how far, what is the number of the dead up till now because the town is under the control of the rebels. >> the rebels are loir to former vice president riek machar. he is accused by the president of plotting a coup. he denies this. nobody knows where machar is and there are diplomatic efforts to get the sides to talk. temporary setback and that order will be restored soon. they also say they won't let
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forces loyal to machar take the capital. mar machar has made it clear he wants the president removed and that could make any chance of a dialogue difficult. peter riat set he was attacked by people with machetes, young people with no apparent loyalties to either side, started to attack civilians with pangas that looked like machetes. there are fears things could get worse. that's why this woman won't leave this u.n. compound even though conditions are bad. >> there is no water, no food. when we are hungry we want to find some food or water we are hopeless. >> i have had countless phone
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calls from our own staff members who have told me that actually leaving the city centers and going back to their villages are stretched. >> had to move out and make way for thousands of people who say they're too scared to go home. >> the violence has taken its toll on people. an escalation in fighting between soldiers and rebels will oanld worsen the humanitarian -- only worsen the humanitarian crisis. >> we turn to john tennen who is director of the horn of africa process. crises only started about eight days ago and it has spread throughout the country with tremendous speed. some of the recent developments today that are particularly concerning are happening in the northern part of the country
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where it looks like some of the rebel groups or whatever we want to call them are now controlling some of the oil fields in south sudan. >> oil is a big commodity. >> oil is particularly important to the south sudanese economy. about 90% of their income came from oil. if those fields weren't shut down properly, that could really cripple the industry. >> the conflagration would pretty much explode from there. let's talk about the diplomat efforts or peace keeping efforts. is much being done so far? >> i think a lot is being done. the united states is sending out its special envoy in juba today was able to meet with the president. was also able to meet with some very important political detainees who have been held for about a week or so. united nations is tribal to mobilize and there are some -- trying to mobilize and there are
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are are attempts oincrease the sudan. there are a number of countries who are expression some real concern. the wheels are moving and it's going otake a lot from the international community. >> the watching public will learn that there are some efforts, but that hasn't gone in yet? >> more about protecting americans protecting the embassy and evacuating some americans. >> let's talk about the broader questions of this conflict. this is a very, very new country. and one that's come together under the most difficult of circumstances. >> that's right. it's just about two and a half years old. and it came about through a referendum in 2011 where almost unanimously the people of south sudan voted to secede from sudan. and there was great optimism when the country was born, which makes it particularly sad that two and a half years later, the country is turning on
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it. the united states was a comprehensive supporter that gave people of south sudan the right to vote. the u.s. tried to push that agreement and push the implementation of that agreement and so that does given the u.s. some sort of a special role here and perhaps a special ownership in what's going on in south sudan. >> and way forward there. just a last thought here, are the rivalries you are seeing in south sudan is this religion based ethnic groups war lords, what's happening here? >> between the president, salva kiir and his vice president, riek machar. >> who was accused of rebelling? >> yes, those two leaders are from the two most prominent ethnic groups who have fought
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substantially in the past and deaths have resulted. >> and a loc lot to watch. >> particularly around the united nations bases where tens of thousands of people have sought shelter. their safety is something to watch in particular. >> john tennen is the director of the horn of africa project institutes of peace. conflicts in history, the man who put k in the ak-47 has died. lieutenant mikhail kalashnikov is credited with creating the ak-47, you will remember that as arguably the world's most favorite assault rifle, died monday in the hospital, 94 years old, the ak-47 is favored by terrorists and armies, josh
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rushing caught up with mikhail kalashnikov just a few years ago, and here is an excerpt of his story. >> kalashnikov was a very young man, a tank gunner in world war ii when he sought to develop a weapon that would help defeat the engineer manuals. >> i developed an assault weapon for defending the mother land. >> that didn't work out. by 1947 the war was over. but kalashnikov's rifle has defended lots of other mother lands since then. >> if it gave an opportunity to some countries to gain freedom it is a useful thing. >> kalashnikov insists he sees his invention as a peace make person. >> this is why my book is called kalashnikov is peace. >> that's the title in russian.
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it's a primary factory in russia deep in the ural mountains. blasted with sand it fires. are submerged in cold water, it fires. frozen in tundra-like conditions it fires. that's the reason for its popularity. fighters can pull it from a sandbank or a swamp and it keeps on firing. kalashnikov says the way his weapon is used and the causes it's used for are a matter of politics. he is not personally responsible for the quarter-million killed with it every year but he is proud of the fact that fighters everywhere find it superior to the m-16. he's quick to tell me why. >> the m-16 rifle is reasonably good. it looks beautiful but there are
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times when it malfunctions, every military wants a reliable weapon in its hands and that's why my rifle has become so popular. >> mikhail kalashnikov the developer of the ak-47 has died at the age of 94. a groundbreaking scientific discovery that could put an end to the decades old hiv virus. pope francis, can he save the catholic church? "america tonight" sheila macvicar. consider this: the news of the day plus so much more. >> we begin with the government shutdown. >> answers to the questions no one else will ask.
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>> it seems like they can't agree to anything in washington no matter what. >> antonio mora, award winning and hard hitting. >> we've heard you talk about the history of suicide in your family. >> there's no status quo, just the bottom line. >> but, what about buying shares in a professional athlete?
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the stream is uniquely interactive television. in fact, we depend on you, your ideas, your concerns. >> all these folks are making a whole lot of money. >> you are one of the voices of this show. >> i think you've offended everyone with that kathy. >> hold on, there's some room to offend people, i'm here. >> we have a right to know what's in our food and monsanto do not have the right to hide it from us. >> so join the conversation and make it your own. >> watch the stream. >> and join the conversation online @ajamstream. >> to the 35 million people around the world living with aids there is certainly some big developments to report.
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in the approach to this terrifying disease , 30 years since the clinical trials first started scientists now understand what the root cause raid. university of california san francisco identified a surprising process in how the aids virus kills immune cells causing them to self-descruct. they call this a mass cell suicide. this information could lead to a very new approach in the fight to end aids. >> dr. anthony fauchi, i understand you are not directly involved in these latest studies but you have been certainly the best known name in the fight against aids and i wonder if you can talk about how big a break through this is. this flat-out changes our
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understanding of what hiv does. >> well, it solves the mystery that has really, the lack of understanding has not gotten in the way of developing very effective therapy. so i think it's important for people to understand that but the reason why investigators are excited about this is, hiv was discovered 30 years ago. the virus, the human immunodeficiency virus. it kills cd 4 positive t cells. what we didn't know is the mechanism of how the virus destroys these cells. because the dilemma of figuring out what was going on and the enigma of it was that many, many more cells died than were directly infected with the hiv. what the studies show is the
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virus enters the cell and triggers i innate inflammatory response that kills not only the cell that's infected but also draws into the locus of infection many similar cells and by an inflammatory response kills them. so understanding how the virus does what it does, although we were never really sure of what the mechanisms were, is something that people are excited about. you use the word break through. i'd be hesitant to say breakthrough because then you would say well what are the consequences going to be? we have very good therapies. whether or not this will help in the treatment of hiv infection, very, very unclear about that. but it does open up better understanding of the mechanisms of how the virus destroys the body's immune system. and whenever you do something like that you always leave open
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the possibilities of extrapolating from that ways to interfere with that process. so that's the reason why people are excited about this. >> and the proposal here is that there is an existing drug that has been approved for other uses, that might be most effective here. is that at a point where it's really ready for human trial? >> well, it certainly can be done in humans. i do not think that any of these types of drugs that use this mechanism are going to replace the highly, highly effective drugs we have now. what the investigators were suggesting is that there is a drug that's being used for other diseases that's still in the experimental trial stage but it has been used in humans, experimentally. the reason why that's important is that that saves a lot of time of getting it to be used in humans, to see if it has any effect in hiv infection. so it really is something that
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is fortunately been used in other diseases. >> so you are saying, and i think if i understand correctly, you're suggesting that the time for antiretroviral drugs has not passed? we're not going to see a need for those to go away. >> no. >> this is just another step. >> exactly. when this very important and very elegant science was published a few days ago, i think a few people misinterpreted that this is going to be a treatment that is going to replace the treatment that i have. i can tell you as someone involved in the field for many years, that's just not going to happen. because the drugs we have now for hiv are really very, very effective. this is sort of an adjunct to that type. if in fact it works. remember now, this has only been shown in the test tube. it hasn't yet been shown in an animal or in a human to be actually effective. so you got to be careful that
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you don't get ahead of yourself and make predictions without going by that step by step scientific process. >> a very important caution on that dr. anthony fauci, thank you for joining us sir. >> good to be with you. >> now on weather science travelers in much of the nation are keeping their eyes on the storms, a lot of people out on the roads. nearly 95 million americans are expected to travel through new year's day but many are contending with wicked weather. in oklahoma city, ice is falling, from maine to michigan could leave hundreds of thousands of us celebrating in the dark. three people here became trapped when their suv was caught in floodwaters and rushed downstream.
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kevin corriveau. >> i want to show what you the board is looking like. we are going to be taking a look at a lot of the rape on the eastern seaboard. that is the rain that caused all the flooding. of course we saw ice, we have seen record break temperatures but i want to show you paducah, kentucky, over 3 inches very extreme rain down towards the south for many locations. also yesterday was a record-breaking day in terms of temperature for many people across the northeast. new york city, central park 72°. their past record was in the 60s. well ahead of that. washington 72, pittsburgh 72 and cleveland reached all the way to 73, once it goes through the temperatures are going to be dropping, you can see we're already cooler than we were yesterday at this time, about 14
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diaz cooler here in new york and we do -- flying tomorrow and this is what it looks like judge minneapolis up towards parts of maybe even detroit as we go towards wednesday. the snow is not going to be extremely heavy but still a concern on tuesday as you can see and then by wednesday, well who is going to have a white christmas? it's really going to be people across parts of michigan up the up as well, we do have some fresh snow towards the west and we are looking at places such as minneapolis, you're going osee a lot of snow in your forecast, 21°, down towards chir, about 32° there. northeast no threat of snow but we are going to be seeing temperatures fairly low. boston is going to be about 25° and new york about 30. joie back to you. >> thank
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you, the lgbt community, are some of its members being targeted by those who have been charged to protect and serve? ♪ >> a grammy winning rap group teams up with wikileaks founder julian a asange. >> start with one issue ad guests on all sides of the debate. and a host willing to ask the tough questions and you'll get... the inside story ray suarez hosts inside story weekdays at 5pm et / 2pm pt only on al jazeera america
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>> now here's a snapshot of stories making headlines on "america tonight". two astronauts will not be home for the christmas holidays, instead, they are scheduled for another spacewalk, to repair the cooling system. if all goes well, the astronauts should wrap up on tuesday. if you haven't signed upper for health care coverage, you have until the end of today. those who sign up by the deadline, will sick in by january 1st. white house says they extended
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the deadline due to high demand. the 18th to allow same sex marriage, federal judge in utah overturned the ban against same sex marriage on friday. rejected a request to put on hold as the state appeals the decision. now same sex couples now have the right to marry in utah, a bit of a surprise when you consider the state is the home for the mormon church, while more and more states are granting same sex couples the right to marry the road to equality is still very rocky. tonight we consider authorities who are tasked to serve and protect all communities, the lgbt communities are being targeted by law enforcement. christophe putzel has the story. >> in a police station in memphis tennessee a young transgender woman named
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dawanna johnson has been arrested. the officer wrapped handcuffs over his fists and began hitting her while another officer held her down. both officers were later fired. violence against transgender people is not just a problem in memphis. a study by the national coalition of antiviolence . >> a common notion that we understand about policing is the police look for things that look funny. that's part of what policing is, generalized suspicion does something look out of place. transgender is something that looks out of place. >> dean spade is a founder of the sylvia law project, a project that represents transgender people. 80% of his clients have received police harassment or violence. >> it helps to see how poverty
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feeds that right? so people already are poor because of job discrimination of being unable to access social services or homeless shelters. you're more likely to be poor and on the street, when people are profiling transpeople on the street, consistently arrested and really caught up in that system. >> many arrests take place on christopher street on new york's west village, a place where the modern gay movement was born. 1965, mass violence led, as night falls, christopher street is alive with activity. i met sasha washington walking with her friends. rejected at a early age by her
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parents, she now lives on the street. >> how old are you? >> 26. i was homeless from the age of 15 to 23. >> sasha says police often suspect her of engaging in prostitution. when i found the evidence they have against her, i was shocked. >> what evidence do you have? >> the cops stopped me. i said you was walking around, i'm homeless. he looked in my bag, saw three condoms and assumed i was prostituting and locked me up. >> we met sasha's friend that night. th she told me police regularly stopped her and harassed her. >> for what? >> for nothing because i was a
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prostitute and had a number of condoms in miss purse. >> trina was waiting for atrain. >> how did that turn into a prostitution charge? >> she wanted to see my bags, she locked me up because of prootion. >> how did you get locked up? >> being transgender. you are waiting to go somewhere and whatever, they are going to look in your bag, search you and lock you up for prostitution. >> andrea richie, has seen dozens of similar cases. >> a young man standing on one side of 6th avenue with a pocket full of condoms is practicing safe sex. a young woman condoms in her
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purse is expected to be engaging in prostitution. >> police have criminalized possession of them. >> people go to a lot of trouble to distribute condoms to normalize condom use, to encourage condom use. and for police departments in new york city or anywhere in the country to then turn around and then say but if you look a certain way or if you're in a certain place or if you're transgender or if you are a woman of color or if you're out at 3:00 in the morning or if you're wearing a tight shirt suddenly that condom on you is evidence that you're about to conduct in lewd conduct or an offense. >> now one t wealthiest neighborhoods in the us. with more police comes more harassment of those who don't fit in. >> police are also really charged with enforcing
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racialized gender norms and expectations on how women are supposed to look, how men are supposed to look, how women are supposed to act and how men are supposed to act. someone who is visibly someone who is queer or gender sexually nonconforming they often read that as disorder. and they often perceive that person as already disorderly, as already suspicious as already prone to violence. >> over 50% of the antilgbt homicides in 2012 were transgender women. but even when the transgender people were the victims of hate crimes, 48% reported mistreatment by police when they went to help. >> in the space of five months, mark carson, elon little, resulted in their death.
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>> we met biana garcia a young transgender woman, at a funeral for a transgender woman. >> i don't like to go out at night. >> you don't go out at night because you're worried about getting profiled by police. >> uh-huh. >> you more scared of police than you are of the violence in the neighborhood, that's your major concern? >> yes. >> the nypd declined to speak with us. but haberfeld leads diversity training for hundreds every year. she believes that the nypd is one of the best departments in the world. >> no. i don't think that you have any police agencies in 21st century in a democratic country that use profiling. but there is -- >> really? >> yes, truly. but police officers come with
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their own biases, their own perceptions of. >> maybe officially they don't use but officially? >> i think unofficially all of us uses certain profiling. there is a very fine line of deviant behavior. >> raise your hand if you have been asked for an id by a police officer? thank you. >> an organization called transjustice is training transgender new yorkers on their rights and interactions with police. >> raise your hand if you have or have witnessed someone called a derogatory name by an nypd officer. >> as transgender nonconforming people we are inherently always not going to fit. right? we're never going to be the norm. and for a lot of us, passing is
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never going to be an option. does that mean we all have to conform in order to survive or does that mean we have to build a new society? >> jerry ann gonzalez is a member of the group and says transgender fills a need. >> what experience did you have with the police? >> i was walking with my colleague from work to her home and the cop stopped us and they asked us for i.d. although i did ask them for an attorney, they did not. they don't respect who you are, they don't respect your pronouns, they want to force something on you that you don't agree with and they forget that you're human and everyone deserves some respect. >> back on christopher street, alasia shared her story with us. one we heard so often. first rejection by her family then an arrest for just being who she
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is. >> i timely found who i was, and then being locked up, and nothing, and then you find yourself in a jail cell full of men and then the cops remind you who you are. and you know down inside that's not who you are, but that's how they see you. that really hurts, you know. >> our correspondent christophe putzel on the street of new york city. social issues and what artists have to say with them. what does a grammy winning puerto rican group and juliana sang have i
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julianjulian assange have in common? take a look. ♪ your weapons reveal your fears for all to see ♪ ♪ from cairo to quito, the power of the people armed with the truth ♪ ♪ >> well, joining us from san juan puerto rico, and edwardo martinez, also known as visicante. we'll try to figure out why you
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got those names to begin with, us. this is quite a collaboration that you guys put together. you guys already significant artists but also tom morello. >> it's a great collaboration not only julian assange, you have from palestine and israel, it's a song we wrote with the people using their words and their voices. >> you really crowd-sourced this, you i understand crowd-sourced your ideas on twitter? >> yeah, we used twitter and all the web media to -- in order to write this song and do the whole song. and at the end, we decide to shoot it in palestine. and it was very interesting project. because we shoot the video with
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people from israel, and with palestinians. >> gotcha. >> it was like a peaceful movement. >> all around the world, you have voices from all around the world here. but i do have to ask you, why julian assange, you hear his voice, you don't see his face. you decided to get him into it but how did you get him into it? >> it was very difficult at first to be with him and to be able to have a meeting with him. but we did it. we move a little bit, and we -- i flew to london, where i had a day or two to meet him before we started to end this sopping. and he was -- he was a great guy. he was a very humble man, very
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intelligent guy. and very open-minded. >> yeah, you recorded him i understand inside the ecuadorian embassy, in london. if i could get a moment with hisdante, why was it so important to do this international pulling together of all these voices, why did you bring so many people together from the world to sing this song? what did it say? >> the reason we did this song is because right now we're living in a moment that everyone is connected via the internet and because of that everyone is aware of what is happening around the world. and there is like, there is a lot of movements going on, like you have a -- first you have the 15m in spain. and because of that you got the occupy wall street and then you got the 1
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32 mexican movement and then you got all the students' strikes in latin america. so it's a great -- it's a great moment to -- to -- to speak out and -- >> okay. >> and to be a tool for the people. >> yeah, great to have the opportunity and great to have the opportunity to hear from you guys as well. the band is calle trese. their song multiviral is multiviral on the internet. the new tech toy that is trying to break into an always tough marketplace. every sunday night join us for exclusive, revealing and surprising talks with the most interesting people of our time. this sunday. >> we try to be funny in serious stories which is very, very rare. >> he made radio cool with his
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sense of humor, insight and curiosity. he opened a new window into american life. >> before they know it we're actually able to present something new that they haven't heard about. >> talk to al jazeera with ira glass. year, $7 million, his contract for next season. >> the problem is his son who is the offensive coordinator kyle. now, his relationship with r g3 is not good. there may be a play here, a power play with dan schneider the owner tells mike shanahan says, "i want you to stay on board, but i need you to fire your son, kyle shanahan. his offence is not working for r g3. they are in turmoil. we need a new offensive coordinator." i doubt mike shanahan does it. does he walk away from the one year, $7 million deal if dan schneider asks him to fire his
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son, the offensive coordinator. it will be interesting. i hardly doubt the shanahan family will condition to coach the washington
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>> al jazeera america is the only news channel that brings you live news at the top of every hour. >> here are the headlines at this hour.
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>> only on al jazeera america. >> al jazeera america is a straight-forward news channel.tñ
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>> as we look back at thelife.tñ of south south africa's nelson mandela after his passing.
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it came no prize that a former amateur boxer was a fan himself. mandela used sports to help inspire and bring together a post-apartheid nation. apartheid may seem to be far, but not to those who suffered under it. his dream was deferred because of apartheid. >> the soccer field is full of broken dreams. he started as a teenager destined to be a star. he played left midfield and went proat 19. they called him -- pro at 19. it all ended. >> this is my golden boot and it
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scored a very beautiful goal. 1983. >> his home is full of soccer triumphs. and memories of playing german teams when he was just 20. >> the way we played, we couldn't match any, any country. we could match brazil then, could match italy, we could match germany. >> on the streets of soweto, outside johannesburg, he was a celebrity. >> zero, my hero. >> we would all know the name zero the hero, if it were not for apartheid. because all of
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south africa's teams were not allowed to travel. >> it could have been far much better. >> eventually fed up zero retired. but getting a steady job with a 40-year-old black man with no experience outside of soccer was impossible. he joined a real estate firm, he sold cars, he got a job selling meat and vegetables and nothing worked. >> that's when the story came to me, you see i was on the street where mandela used to live and i saw a few people recognizing zero and i had no idea why and i didn't know how to react. because zero had switched jobs again. and had become a driver.
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and zero was my driver. >> two, three. >> so on a beautiful south african summer day i invited zero to play soccer. (laughing). >> oh. >> you all right? >> yeah, i'm okay. >> in a car as we do every day we started talking. >> how did mandela change your life? >> i wouldn't be sitting with you like this, had it been that old man is still in jail. i wouldn't, i wouldn't be talking to you like this, as a friend, hugging one another. it was very, very, very, very difficult for us, very, very difficult. >> mandela is still zero's hero but all his dreams he had on the field remained unfulfilled. >> economic opportunities, have they improved? >> apartheid still ride with us. still
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ride, there are racists. >> you look at this one, which team does he play for? >> today zero hopes to become a coach, but the conditions are basic. >> he just had a shower of rain. a football pitching out. >> and he needs to pay for a coaching qualification course which he can't afford but instead he works for the love of the game and for the kids. >> which of you is going to be like coach zero? >> me me me me me. >> so coach zero hopes to give the next generation the opportunity he was denied. nick schiffrin, al jazeera. johannesburg. >> we'll he woo will have more of "america tonight". coming up tomorrow. good night.
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>> welcome to al jazeera america. i'm david shuster. here are the top stories of this hour. in south sudan the united states is sending in an additional 150 marines to help evacuate americans pinned down by the increased violence. thousands of civilians are now taking shelter near u.n. compounds. there has been a massive explosion in the mosnsora. and a family in california is fighting to keep a 13-year-old girl on life support on what should have been a routine

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