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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 20, 2014 8:00pm-9:01pm EDT

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don't try this at home... >> but some people are... >> it's not too much that we'ed fry any important brain parts... >> before you flip the switch, get the facts... >> to say that passing a low level of current is automatically safe, is not true >> every saturday, go where technology meets humanity... >> sharks like affection >> tech know, only on al jazeera america ♪this is "al jazeera america." i am thomas drayden in new york. let's get you caught up on the top stories this is hour. a breakthrough in afghanistan as r i have a l presidential candidates agree to share power. freedom for turk issues hostages held for months by isil. day two of a nationwide lockdown as officials in sierra leo try
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to stop the spread of ebola. a possible rule change in when may get a life-saving organ transplant. ♪ good to have you with us. it appears afghanistan's political stand offer is at an end. representatives for the two candidates have reached a power sharing agreement. the two men were the top candidates in the first round in april. allegations of fraud after the june run-off election led to a political stand-off. jennifer glasse has more now from kabul. >> expecting the deal to be signed on sunday. we know that members of both candidates' teams were meeting all day here in kabul to iron out the final details of that agreement. it spells out what the power sharing deal will be between the
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two presidential hopefuls we are expecting it the same day as results of thely. >> this deal is said to put an end to months of uncertainty and violence. it put it ghani ahead with 56% of the vote. dispute has led to an invis in violent attacks in afghanistan. abdullah's supporters are sported by one group and both candidates have pledged to accept the results and to form a unity government. to talk more about what this agreement means, we turn now to lauren at the senior fellow for secretary of defense. good to have you with us? >> nice to be with you. >> you are joining us from alex and degree i can't village via skype.
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how optimistic are you? >> i am very optimistic about it because they are about to announce the results, and i think what happened is abdullah abdullah recognized that he wasn't going to win but the fact that he represents the northern alliance mainly and ghani represents the pashtoons means you are going to have a unity government and the other thing is you are going to have a peaceful transfer of power and finally, we can have an agreement between the nato countries led by the united states and afghanistan, have a status of forces agreement that allow us to keep troops there which we are going to need to make sure that the government gets up and running and can keep the taliban at bay. >> when that said, as i mentioned. they draw their political strengths from different ethnic groups. do you see this bringing political stability to the country? >> i do. much more than you have because you know afghanistan is still a tribunal society. you have the northern alliance
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countries and the pashtoons. karzai was a pashtoon. he didn't share power. so a lot of the people in the northern appliance were not very happy with karzi. now that you have somebody who basically has roots from there since back in 2009, you know, that was a fraud length election. abdullah was bitter i think that's going to happen. >> talking about this power sharing agreement, both have agreed to sign a bilateral execute agreement. what does this mean for the u.s. troop commitment past this year? >> with he can stay. at the end of 2014, at the end of this year, our legal basis for staying goes away. so if we don't have an agreement that talks about, you know, the rules of engagement for the troops and, also, their
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protections in case something happens, they won't be prosecuted, they will be subject to american law, that's critical. we never did he get one in iraq, which is why we had to leave because their parliament would not approve, you know, an arrangement for our troops that would protect them after our mandate expired in 2011. >> so looking at this agreement, do you believe the new leaders will be able to mend relations with america? >> well, i think so. i mean ghani is international diplomat. he has been in the united states. and abdullah abdullah has met with americans a lot. i have met with both of them on occasion and i think they are the new generation. karzi was a bridge between the old afghanistan, if you will and the post-taliban but these are people who are very, very much at home a few bumps.
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they agree to enact broad changes in the coming years they represent all of the main faxes there. whether it will happen action obviously we don't know how people are going to governor until they get there particularly ghani, a seasoned diplomat who has been with the world bank, i think he is the type of person who can do this abdullah, abdullah, in 2009 when really he did not get a fair shake, the fact that he stepped back for the last, you know, four to five years tells me really wants to put afghanistan first we appreciate your time this evening. >> thank you for having me. >> 46 hostages held by the islamic state office in iraq in lavant. the circumstances are still
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unclear. al jazeera's joe he will has the latest. reunited with their families after three months in captivity, their release marked the end to the crisis. they were captured after fighters with the islamic state in lavant over ran moss june. they included diplomatic staff, children and special forces police. people wearing blackout fits with their faces covered assured us they were not going to harm us. they took all of our belongings and told us to leave and go into the streets. escorted by prime minister, the group arrived in the capitol on saturday. it is not only a celebration day for you and your families. it is a significant day for the whole nation. i wish from god all of our days in future will be as good as this one and we will never experience such a sadness ever
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again. >> no randallsom was paid. there was no armed confrontation with isil. >> yesterday at 11:30 at night, the rescue operation had finally, reached it'sufinal stage. i want to thank the members of the turkish intelligence service that worked so hard with all kinds of sacrifices. >> more than 30 turkish lorrie drivers were captured and frieda month later when the second group of hostages were not set free as well, questions were raised as to what ankara was doing secure their release. at an international summit. turkey said it would not at a time soo sign up for the military coalition. some think that won't change even though the hostages are now save? >> i think turkey will continues to be a reluctant and apathetic member of this coalition that's been cobbled by the united
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states. turkey has clearly indicated that it's territory and it's airspace will not be used in any combat operations. >> the war in syria waging along the southeastern border may have to take on a more active role. al jazeera. >> meanwhile, 45,000 syrian kurds fled into southeast turkey to escape isil. a stretch of land was opened. isil has seized several syringes in syria. officials estimate thousands more are still waiting to cross. turkey has so far been reluctant to offer military support for the u.s. coalition against isil. it's unclear if the release of the hostages will actually change that stance. randall pinkston has more from washington, d.c. >> the release of the hostages, obviously a very significant development but so far, officially, the u.s. is not saying a lot about it. we have a written statement from national security spokeswoman
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caitlin hayden who told al jazeera america, we welcome their release and are pleased that they will soon be reunited with their families. now,tie is on a list of 57 coalition countries, a list put out by the u.s. department of state last night. turkey is a member of nato but has pledged to provide humanitarian and logistical assistance to the coalition, and that only on turkish territory. turkey has refused to sign any agreement pledging military action and other measures against isil. turkey is a haven for rebel groups which have been fighting syrian president assad, a transit point, across the border between turkey and syria. those rebel groups, of course, include members of isil. turkey has a huge army and could be significant if it chose to contribute to boots on the ground, which military advise errors saying will be necessary
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to defeat and to destroy isil, the goal of the united states and the goal, some of the coalition partners but so far, turkish officials are saying no military intervention against isil. >> randall pinkston in washington. the u.s. military says its carried out five airstrikes on isil targets on iraq since yesterday. the attacks centered around the northwest along the euphrates river. the department of defense says anna boat was hit. our vehicles checkpoints, guard brosts attacked. in baghdad, hundreds of people marched in the streets to protest u.s. air strikes. supporters of shia cleric, many of whom fought government forces as well as sunnis and american troops following the u.s. invasion of iraq. sadr's supporters say they stand for peace and are against isil but they call the american presence an invasion. >> the americans are trying to reoccupy iraq after they have
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4re69 it they want their stamp on us. reporters blame the u.s. for the rise of isil. protesters say the u.s. entry in iraq in 2003 created a power em balance, a way forward has to be led by iraqi forces, not western powers. in ukraine, officials finalized their cease-fire deal on the ground more violence. russian convoys deliver humanitarian aid for the first time. 200 trucks entered from russia. there were several explosions at a munitions factory this morning and at the main airport nearby where rebels continue to fight with government forces. the 9 point peace plan is said to go into effect on sunday. the probe russian forces are putting enemies to work. they are forcing as many as 100 ukrainian soldiers captured as prisoners of war to clean up debris caused by armor shelling. the government and pro-russians
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are expected to have a prisoner exchange next week. residents in the east are trying to november forward worried the fight something not yet behind them >> u.s. fighter jets intercepted several the russian planes spotted less than 60 miles off of alaskaed. candidly scrambled jets over the beaufort sea. the planes knot enter u.s. or canadian airspace n yemen, the government in houdthi rebels have reached a peace agreement after days of intention fighting according to the united nations envoy there. officials declared a curfew across the capital city before the deal was truck. the fighting in the capitol intensionfied thursday. dozens of fighters have been killed since then. sources on the ground say the cease sfier tenuous at best. earlier yemen's former ambassador to the united nations spoke with al jazeera. he tells us he is cautiously
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hopeful the peace deal hold. >> whether they will adhere to the agreement, strictly adhere to it, i am not quite sure. i believe they will move in phases. eventually, i believe their aim is regime change, i believe. but they will con old ate in their area, that they will probably and slowly encroach on the rest of yemen and probably replace that. my problem with that is that it is the beginning of a sectarian conflict which will be shift of military balance, in light of the fact that the houthis is a co high schoolive group whereas
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the opponents are in disarray and the government, after all, is considering itself a neutral party in the conflict, i am not sure that the victorious party is going to go along with whatever they have. now, i think they are their appetite will be even greater. >> as he points out, the violence this week is not an isolated event. the tensions are deep-rooted there. thousands of people have been protesting the government for over a month. it's the second day of a nationwide curfew in sierra leon meant to curb the spread of ebola. the government says it wants healthcare workers to visit every home in the country. the lockdown in sierra leone, one of the countries hit hardestsest by the virus is something we haven't seen before. as victory i don't reports t could prove especially difficult for poor families there. >> reporter: these are just some of the thousands of volunteers
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going door to door, trying to find and isolate people infected by the ebola virus. >> in this case, we are talking about the responsibility of the homes that we are going to receivisit that they have the responsibility to talk to their own family to get the information that ebola is real and how they can prevent themselves from getting ebola. >> a sticker is placed on each house that volunteers visit. anyone suspected is sentence to an isolation in freetown but doctors say they don't have enough staff to treat every patient. >> we need healthcare workers, people trained, experts. we need people to come here and cope with the staff to help them to work but in a safe way with high standards, supplies and equipment. otherwise we will infect more
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healthcare workers and then it's like a loop. >> the government's nationwide shutdown has confined more than 6 million people to their homes. chairty workers say the restrictions are making it difficult for people to earn a living. >> there will be no shops no. place to by or sell, not even to get your water, drinking water. there will be no access. you can just imagine what it means for a community like this where people normally, normally, the highest honor and not more than ebola. >> governments try to contain the disease, the world health organization says the first vaccine could be available as early as november. the people on the front line of the fight against ebola, it can't come quickly enough. vick tory i can't gatenby, al jazeera. >> a better understanding as of september 14th, the ebola outbreak has killed over 2500 people and infected thousands more. liberia has been hit the worst. about half of the total number of confirmed and suspected cases
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are there. more than half of those patients just under 1500 in all have died of the virus. you can see right here where the ebola outbreak has been concentrated. another attempted security breach at the whitehouse. the secret service says an intruder was arrested at an access gate this gate this afternoon less than 24 hours after a man nad it inside the white house. the secret service has been investigating this incident. pennsylvania police are searching to find a man accused of shooting two state troopers last week killing one of them. simplinging for eric freen in a remote part of the poconos. there have been sporadic reports of gunfire. residents are told ton stay inside their homes. >> the king fire grows in northern california. it began near poly pines about 60 miles east of sacramento. the fire has burned more than 80,000 acres. it's also forced nearly 3,000 people to evacuate their homes.
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coming up on al jazeera, who gets a transplant? our weekly segment, "a deeper look," we explore why some doctors want to change the process in which organ recipients are chosen. three years after the occupy wall street movement began, has there been any improvement to the income inequality problem in the u.s.? plus, fleeing from their home land because of the we think, we look at the fligplights of environmental refugees.
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welcome back. tonight we look at who gets an organ transplant in america. can you believe 123,256 people are on the waiting list for organ transplants around the u.s.? there are only 14,258 donors. it all -- in all states, the number of candidates exceeds the number of donor.
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in nevada, the number of donors exceeds the number of candidates. nebraska and kansas also have favorable donor to candidate ratios. the decision on who gets an organ transplant is based upon need, but where the patient lives plays a large part in how long they stay on the waiting list. when it comes to crut cal liver transplants, one group wants to change that. here is more. >> reporter: more than 6,000 liver transplant operations are performed in the united states each year, there is a serious shortage of donors because some of those shortages are more severe in certain parts of the country, transplant healthcare officials say it's time to re-evaluate the current system. >> tyler blythe was getting ready to start college when an unexpected illness caused him to drop 35 pounds in three weeks? >> it was rough. i didn't want to eat, couldn't sleep. no matter when? day or night. >> hello. hey. how are you, tyler. >> his doctors say he is lucky to be alive? >> his liver was barrel
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functioning. he was quite honestly near death. >> the kansas native immediately went on the liver transplant wait list and within 20 days, a donor organ was identified. tyler was in surgery. >> all of a sudden being in the hospital, i have never had anything serious. just minor stuff. that was a big change. >> a debate over the way donor delivers are allocated could increase the length of time patients like tyler would have to wait for a new lease on life. >> how many people are we willing to let live unos, the organization that manages the nation's organ transplants addressed what they say is an inequity in the availability of livers. you under discussion, the idea of distributing livers from the highest donation areas in the midwest, south and southeast to bigger coastal cities where organ donation is much lower. the current regions we have now don't optimally allocate and distribute the livers in a way so that everyone has optimal access or equal access and we
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are trying to reduce that disparity. >> the country is currently divided into 11 transplant regions. it is considering reducing the number of regions to eight eight or four to better serve the areas that have fewer donors. last year the university of kansas hospital performed 114 liver transplants ranking it in the top 10 transplant facilities by volume in the nation. but hospital administratos here oppose any redistribution plans calling it too radical, essentially amount to go poaching donor delivers. >> dr. sean excuse mear says remapping does little to address the real problem, a seemingly finite number of organ donors. >> you are shuffling things across the board and moving -- quite honestly moving the chairs on the titanic. we haven't increased the number of organ there plants. and we need to increase donor someway necessary. >> the liver transplant recipient. >> educating high school
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students early on about the benefits of organ donation through campaigns like the gift of life program has helped increase donors numbers. >> we have a small percentage that says no. so, again, it's because they have the right information to make that informed decision. >> that has been a problem in places like new york and california. over the past eight years, we have really not been able to increase the number of donors. so realizing that more education and mortisments and more programs to try to increase doanesation a great idea. we have never given up on that and we are never going to give up. we have to deal with the huge disparity. >> for tyler, the gift of a life saving liver came relatively quickly? >> it gave us hope at a time when we didn't have a lot. we are very, very happy to be here. on this side of the transplant mountain. >> the committee is still a year away from presenting a final proposal they hope will save more lives.
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for now, the difference between life and death can literally be a matter of which side of the mountain a patient lives on. >> around 3,000 people die waiting for a liver transplant each year regardless of whatever the final outcome of these regional plans, everyone agrees with nearly 16,000 people on the current liver transplant wait list, something has to be done to meet demand. >> a the to talk about. for a deeper look, let's bring in leona kim sluger, an associate director at mount sinai hospital in new york. we are joined by richard gilroy, the university of kansas hospital medical director of transplantation. good to have you with us? >> thank you. what do you make of the distribution? >> the patient's access to liver transplantation are unacceptably high. if you look at some stark data, in the current system as it
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exists, literally, where you live will determine whether you live or die. so, for example, the range can mean 18 -- you can have a change of 18% of getting a transplant in one area and as high as 86% of getting a transplant at the same degree of illness. so literally, the current system, where you live, will determine whether you live or die. >> what do you make of the argument if you live in new york, if you live in san francisco, it's an unfair advantage. >> i think you should look at it a different way. if you look in south carolina, for instance, your problem ability of dying on the wait list is probably than of dying on the wait list in new york. now if they die at lower scores it's because there is an access issue. the access issue isn't the point. it's really how can we improve donation? if we don't turn things around, the loeft donation rate in the country is new york city. if people address that issue, it would save additional lives.
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we don't oppose redistricting. the important thing, the current model doesn't address some of these issues that would be detramal as a consequence which would be organ utility, how well a liver lives. >> let's take that example. this isn't really about new york or kansas or san francisco. it's about a patient's equitable access to getting a life saving organ so that farmer in rural massachusetts who may be african-american or white deserves a life saving organ as a ceo in kansas. no human life is more important than another. >> what are the current wait times? >> the currently wait times if you look at kansas, it's shorter and a wait list mortality is the same as essentially here columbia, presbyterian has a 12% wait list mortality. we have a 17% wait list mortality. people die in kansas. we don't list as many people.
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we have a smaller population but higher donor rates. there are different ways of looking at things. people are dying everywhere. we don't disagree with that it's a question of where the deaths will occur. now, if ourraphy is 38 and yours is 45, meld. >> meld? >> the score of how sick you are. someone with a meld score, there is a great paper they showed that if you have a meld score of 20 or 30 in a rural area, your problem ability of die something much higher than your problem ability of with a meld of 20 or 30 in a major metropolitan area. when david published this data, which was in the general looking at the va system, it showed in the va system, the most important thing for you, t that predicted whether you lived or died wasn't whether or not you were being trans planted
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tennessee. it was access to care so that's one argument. the liver committee is trying to balance this with a view toward outcome. >> what we are talking about today has to do with equitable access for a life saving organ if you look at the statistics right now can range from a 14% chance of dying versus an 82% chance of dying. so, it has nothing -- all of these things we are discussing. >> when you brake it down, we talk about more than 1500 patients a year die waiting for a liver transplant. is it more so that we are waiting for a donor or simply the system is flawed? >> the system is flawed. we share organs more equitabley.
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this reported geography should not determine whether you live or die and in the current system, it does where you live, if you lived in one area versus another, we are asking for broader sharing. this has been going on since 1984, the national organ transplant act. again reiterated by the institute of med since in 1999. in 2000, there was a final rule that the chance of getting an organ should not be determined by your residence. that was actually a final rule. >> patients can register at more than one transplant center. correct? >> absolutely. but not many people do. when. >> down to finances? >> it does if you choose to do a list talking about a small.
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>> why people move, with mayo clinic and not with mount sign, those people have to travel to get their transplants. we talked about whether you lived or died. if i am talking about those people in south carolina who would be at a greater probability of dye with redistribution and a higher mortality rate than anyone are we saying it's appropriate that those organs should be moved? because we are talking about where people die and everyone die can. we need more donors. >> someone made the argument there is a resistance for caring for these patients. >> shifting organize appears? if is profitable to are transplant but not profitable to transport very sick people. there can be a money argument.
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it still comes down to donors. i can tell you the numbers for new york city in what i determine aan eligible donor between 15 and 39 that we know the donation rate in that population is 7% lower than kansas and if they came to kansas, that would be 73 or 72 extra donors over five years. >> that's 72 more lives. >> thomas, i don't think anybody will argue increasing organ donation is a priority. however, this is a different area. talking about he can "able donation whether it's 60 or 6,000 organs, the access to those organs should be equitable. i will give you historical data. 1 out of 5, 20 % of transplants that are done were done out of state: patients traveled at o'clock pence of signature
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million dollar to their families to go to another region to get an organ. think about it some of the you're flying to get an organ. you get that organ and flying back to your home. if that can occur, why can't that organ fly back to where you live and share more broadly? if you look at this, you bring up finances whether you are rchh or poor, black or white, you should have equal access to a life-saving organ. it should have nothing to do with new york or san francisco or chicago or >> it is that everyone has equitable access to the probable of living, not the probability of an organ. they are looking at the parameters, and when we went to the forum and discussed this, that at the end of the forum it was soundly determined by a
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balanced forum of the nation, that they determined that the counter model was not ideal. we need a better model. it needs to be shared more. you can't place the system where you may lead to detrimental impacts in some areas, so others can transplanned a lower meld score, and if people on the east coast listed rates twice as high has people in the south, the only real difference, as david gol burg illustrated is everyone dies from liver disease if you equal out by transplant everywhere in the country. it's redistributing the life-saving. >> a final word. >> final word - if you look at it shifting the chairs on the deck, many studies show if you shift the chairs on the deck, you can save 500 lives. by redistributing, you can save
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500 lives, and equitable access to organs is a right, not a fight. the more lives - what is wrong with saving more lives. the same number of organs we have now, you can save 581 more lives. to me, one life saved is one life saved. >> we'll have to leave it there. i think we agree that everyone deserves a fighting chance. >> i agree. >> thank you both for being with us, appreciate your time. >> coming up on al jazeera america - they are not fleeing persecution, they are trying to escape the effects of natural disasters and weather. we'll look at the issue of environmental refugees coming up next. >> thousands camping out in a park in lower manhattan, to rally against the 1%. a look at the legacy of the occupy wall street movement when we come back.
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welcome back, this coming tuesday world business leaders
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will meet to discuss climate change, one of the top issue is the number of so-called environmental refugees. according to the u.n. high commissioner for refugees, climate change can control resource, water, food, grazing land and can trigger conflict. there's nor environmental refugees, than refugees displaced due to war. environmental refugees are not protected by the international law. there are no clear estimates on the number of environmental refugees. 2013, 22 million were displaced because of natural disasters. some due to weather caused by climate change. many studies suggest that global warming is causing tidal waves and hurricanes do grow in strength. droughts also contributes to the growing number of environmental refugees. three years ago this week occupy wall street began, what had been
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tens of thousands of protesters gathered in a global movement. is described to be in the dozens. what has it accomplished. courtney kealy digs in. >> reporter: it started with this add -- ad in a canada magazine. a call to set up tents et cetera in manhattan. three years after the crisis, unemployment was up, income down, and a new movement was born. >> 5,000 occupiers showed up. no single leader, no clear demands, something eventually criticized for. the example inspired movements in 100 cities across the urks and more globally. three years later, what has occupy wall street accomplished. >> according to the sensis brewero, the rich is richer.
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numbers have increased 69%. the poorest less than a quarter% increase. >> the occupy movement didn't coin the phrase, the 99%, but did much to make it an every day turn. occupy wall street shed a light on issues of freedom of speech and freedom of i sem bli. police brutality became a common complaint. this protest went viral. in the early days parallels were drawn between occupiers and the tea party. while the latter managed to change the landscape of the u.s. congress, occupy wall street's impact has been subtle. it did mitt romney one of the richest men to run for president no favors. and leant a hand. a true candidate has yet to
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emerge, and legislation has met with little success. >> activism inspired by the group continues. to commemorate a 3-year anniversary. the group paid off almost 4 million in loans for students at a for profit college. they were accused of predatory lending benefitting the 1%. >> joining us now on set is bryce, the economic policy editor for thinkprogress. >> here we are, three years later, where does the movement stand? >> i think the mott itself is scat -- movement itself is scattered. the rally doesn't really happen any more. people couldn't keep sleeping. there are offshoots like strike dead that abolished 4 million in loan debts. it abolished 15 million. those are concrete things that
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are happening. occupy homes are warding off foreclosures, and the legacy is continuing the conversation about income and equality. >> the occupy twitter act is strong, there's fighting over who phoned it. it was a spark of a conversation that a lot of people were itching to have. it put it in the safes of the media and the minister. you bring up a good point. it was never about demands, it was about sparking the conversation. >> they were adamant about not wanting to give a list of demands and salesian. it was about raising issues, problems, and trying to get us all to talk f it. they were extremely successful. in the issue you mention student loan debts. >> wall street, getting away with wrecking the economy and not having to pay a lot for it.
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i think the conversations were strong. we see bank settlements of some of the biggest players, but they have been small. >> student debts, and the fact you can't get rid of them. the wealthiest americans continuing to take more and more income in this country, and everyone making out with a lot less. all of those things are on the radar. >> we started the conversation three weeks ago. where do we stand with income, equality and the wealth gap? >> it's continuing. it's accelerating. it increased it compared to the year before. sense the financial crisis it's grown more than a decade before the crisis happened. we can see it speed up. a lot is because the policy response to the crisis was week. if you think about the great depression, and the new deal. it was a robust policy response to help a wide swathe of americans.
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we didn't see na in the wake of great areas. did it change anything? >> it did. bill deblazio ran on income and equality. president obama brings it up, talking about wanting to have the wealthy paying their fair share in taxes. the minimum wage is a concrete policy area. obama wants a federal range, we haven't had that. 10 states increased their wages, half over $10. some can be chased back to occupy wall street. they are active and the message getting it out. where do we go from here. how do we move forward, where do we go. >> there needs to be a push on politicians to take on the issue. occupy started the conversation, but it's up to voters to make politicians away of it or know that we vote on it, particularly
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things like the minimum wage, a stronger safety net and taxing the wealthiest, so they are paying the fair share. >> good to have you with us. still ahead on al jazeera. two of the nations largest auto makers announced recalls. now, how so-called dark money is impacting the votes.
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seven weeks from the midterm elections and a record amount of dark money is cropping up. that's the money non-profits spend creating campaign ads that could swayed votes. we look at who is driving the flow of dark money, and what it's buying. >> it's shaping up to be the darkest election. an analysis from the center for responsive politics found a record 50 million has been stencilled for the election cycle. >> with total spending projected
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to reach $1 billion by the time of last winner is called in november. >> dark money used to be not a thing up until a couple of years ago, and then the citizens united decision came down in 2010. since then dark money has become a bigger and bigger portion of the overall political money spending that has been going on from election cycle to election cycle. >> what exactly is dark money? >> simply put, it's the political spending by certain non-profits that can't be easily tracked or sourced. >> these organizations created through the ios and called 501s before five or six groups receive sources of the corporate or limited corrections. they don't have to report much spent on political ads, and unlike the political access committees, they can keep hidden where or from whom they get
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their funding. >> there's no way to tell whether the group is funded by a union, a corporation, or a conglomeration of individuals or a narrow special interest. >> in the galaxy of dark money, right-leaning groups dominate. the liberal spending is catching up. six non-profits connected to the conservative billionaire brothers charles and david koch paid for one out of every 10 ad served. crossroads gfs, 501s funded by karl rove aired about half as many ads, the patriot majority u.s.a. created by craig veroger, closely aligned with harry reid accounts for 11,000 tv ads across three battle ground states. >> under law, lobbying cannot be
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the primary activity of 501 profits. watchdogs say the ios has done little to enforce that. and unless tougher regulations are in place, it will only get darker. >> more recalls to tell you about from two of the largest automakers. general motors is recalling 12,000 cadillacs. 2013 to 2015, and 2014 and 2015 chevy ampolos. problems is with the parking brake that can cause heat and fire. g.m. will notify open ares and update the -- owners and update the software. chrysler will fix a problem as
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well, for free. al jazeera's documentary series ege christopher gibson is putting -- "edge of 18' is putting cameras in the hands of high school seniors. alex gibney, executive producer takes us along learning that change is good, despair a motivator, and escape necessary. >> i was, "everywhere is killing me." >> i started getting threatening messages and things about me on twitter. >> i would walk down the hauls, people would whisper and stair and laugh. >> it's like when i wept into a deep depression. >> my thoughts were literally like how would be the easiest pain freeway to end my life. >> kids are kids. you can see that they lack a certain perexpective and wisdom, there's sophistication about the world, and their emotional
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strengths is profound. >> i don't want to tell my family that i was rejected. i don't want to tell anyone that i had a dream to go to katman university and get out of the valley and start a new life away from here. but my dream shattered. i feel so utterly alone. >> we are not doing enough to make opportunity possible for the children. that, oath is a consistent theme. it breaks your heart. one of issues we have is how important the role of a parent is. >> i did it on my own. i don't have my mum. >> you will be graduating and you need a plan, you need to get your life together. at some point you realise that
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maurice is in charge of his lie, and hopefully it's not too late when you realise t. >> getting the kids prepared for college. not only in a technical sense, but an emotional sense. when they learn to divorce themselves from their parents, but need their love and affection. >> we invite you to catch "edge of 18' here on al jazeera america. >> more than 7,000 baltimore raven fans showed their disgust by swapping their jersey. fans in line at 4am. so many showed up. the ravens ran out of other shirts and had to get vouchers. price was released from the team. according to the n.f.l. players' association. ray rice's jertionry was the n.f.l.'s 28th best seller. a set back for the spacex
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rocket. details ahead. >> we have flash flooding in texas and mexico. storms moving to nevada. coming up where the flush flooding is at its worse, and why another hurricane could continue the problem. is not true >> every saturday, go where technology meets humanity... >> sharks like affection >> tech know, only on al jazeera america vé
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to yourself? and you'll get... the inside story ray suarez hosts inside story weekdays at 5 eastern only on al jazeera america o bad weather delayed a space run by spacex to the space. spacex carries many tonnes of cargo. it has won a contract to carry astronauts into space. >> there's showers and storms bringing in rain, and now wind gusts tracking in 20-30 miles per hour into central florida. you see the low pressure system. the storms are wrapping around
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it. so it will be a close all there. in another place where we have a close call, it's texas across to new mexico. we have two hurricanes, the remnants of an old hurricane. it's just working its way up with more rainfall for the baja peninsula, and impacting areas in aceh paul coe. you see the remnants of odile into northern texas. it's combining with the moisture from tropical storm polo. see the showers and storms. they are intense, heavily. this morning, within three hours, we had up to 10 inches of rainfall in places, in parts of west texas. we are watching the amount of rainfall intensify over the high elevation over the mountains. that's why it's a problem, the
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water is so dry it watches down the mountain side. we could use the water because of the drought, but we are getting so much of it so quickly, some spots as much as an inch in less than an hour. you can see where the storms are coming up the spine of the mountain into nevada. this is where we had big concerns of flash flooding, and flash flood warnings. warnings in place. currently for a large portion in nevada. lake levels went up in 12 hours, 8-20 feet. that's how fast they lifted from the water. we have 1-2 inches. we were texas conditions with a down pour coming in. >> cheers. time for october-fest. in southern germany the october fest party got under way. the mayor performed ceremonial
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duty, tapping the first keg of gear. the first stin went to the governor. 6 million tourists take part in the festival. visitors drank 1.8 million gallons of beer at october fest. that'll do it for this hour. thank you for joining us, i'm thomas drayton in new york. thanks for watching. as congress votes to arm the moderate syrian rebels, can they make a difference in the fight against i.s.i.l. and congressman luis joins us to discuss broken promises on immigration. i'm antonio mora, welcome to "consider this". those stories and more straight ahead.

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