nato confirms it has seen russian tanks, artillery and troops cross the border into ukraine. ♪ so this is al jazeera live from doha. also ahead israeli settlers are blamed for burning a mosque in the occupied west bank. the world's worst polluters agree to clean up their acts, but there's doubt over whether they can actually do it. and the european space agency makes history by landing a satellite on to a comet.
♪ nato says it has seen columns of russian military equipment, including tanks and combat troops crossing the border into ukraine. let's get more and speak to our correspondent who is in the separatists strong hold of donetsk in eastern ukraine. tell us more about what nato is saying and what you yourself have seen on the ground. >> reporter: well as you say, they -- they have said they have seen russian military convoys crossing the border from russia into ukraine, including artillery and troops and tanks. now in this region, there has been a lot of movement of such columns that have been sited almost daily by on youralists and the osce, yesterday we witnessed a column of vehicles
traveling to donetsk just as we were heading out of town to the mh17 crash site. meanwhile there has been an exka lags of the violence. fighting can be heard daily and through the night rather loudly in the center, but mostly around the airport to the north of the city that the fighting is taking place in a standoff between pro-russian militia and ukrainian forces. a standoff that has been going on, despite the ceasefire that has been signed in early september. >> what has been the reaction of the ukrainian government in what sort of action are we expecting them to take? >> reporter: well, the ukrainian defense ministry says they are going to prepare for military action. they are going to prepare for possible attacks by -- by the pro-russian militia. the russian -- the pro-russian
leaders -- rebel leaders here have said they plan to take more territory, including the port city of mariupol which is strategically important city because of the port that would allow trade to go from this region, for example, coal, to crimea. >> thank you very much. reporting there live from donetsk in eastern ukraine. well let's get the view now from russia. al jazeera's rory challands sent this report from moscow. >> reporter: moscow as flat out denied the accusations that russia is sending tanks and troops and other weaponry into eastern ukraine. it's a position that russia has not waivered from since the beginning of this conflict. it says the fighting in ukraine is a ukrainian matter to do with the government in this kiev and the separatists in the east, russia is not involved. the comments breedlove has made
are essentially nothing new, because people who have been in eastern ukraine, journalists and analysts and even the osce have been talking about convoys of very new high-tech weaponry on the roads in eastern ukraine for weeks now. what is new about what he says is it comes from the top commander of nato himself. and this is someone who politicians in the west will listen to very, very closely, and may well used to -- to decide on future policy. we have a meeting next week in europe of foreign ministers gathering together to decide whether to hit russia with anymore sanctions. they will probably be looking at this new information very, very closely indeed. now the world news palestinian security officials have accused israeli activists of setting fire to a mosque in the occupied west bank.
here is more from the scene of the attack north of ramallah. >> reporter: this mosque wasn't just a place of worship it was a focal point for a community. it serviced around a thousand families, and as you can see it is now mostly just ash. let's just take a look at what happened here in this mosque after what investigators are describing as an arson attack, carried out by israeli settlers. you can see holy books have been burnt. you can see windows blown out, and this floor which was once carpeted is again now ash, and it really just underscores the tensions that we have been seeing not only here in the occupied west bank, but also in occupied east jerusalem and parts of israel. many fear what we're seeing is tit-for-tat violence.
the house of worship is now all but ash, but in the background it would appear that the israeli authorities are trying to take some steps towards trying to calm tensions. today an israeli border guard implicated in the death of a palestinian around six months ago was taken into custody, but many people see that as not enough, and many palestinians feeling that they are being oppressed and attacked and this year is yet another example of that. in egypt state media says naval ships have exchanged fire with fishing boats in the mediterranean. it happened off of the coast of the port city. it has been reported that gunmen from the fishing boats fired on one navy ship. the ship is said to have caught fire but no one was injured this other patrols went to help and fired on the fishing boats before arresting at least 20 people. a judge in egypt has been
accused of contempt of court. he was defending youth activists in cairo, when the judge interrupted him. he judge ordered that he should be investigated. al jazeera meanwhile continues to demand the release of our journ aileses who have now been detained in egypt for 319 days. peter greste, mohammed fahmy, and baher mohamed are falsely accused of helping the out lawed muslim brotherhood. they are appealing against their prison sentences. the world's two biggest polluters have agreed on new targets for their greenhouse gas emissions. together china and the united states account for almost half of the world's carbon footprint. it has taken them nine months of secret negotiations but they have now reached a deal. adrian brown reports. >> reporter: china's government engineered clear skies for this week's apac summit, shutting
down factories and cutting the number of cars on roads by half. president barack obama and xi are jinping agreeded to measures to keep those skies cleaner. a deal was confirmed that would cut greenhouse gas emissions by close to a third over the next 20 years. >> i come mend president xi, his team, and the government for the commit they are taking to slow, peak, and reverse china's carbon emissions. >> reporter: the united states has committed to cut its emissions by between 26 to 28% from 2005 levels by 22025. china didn't set a specific target but says its emissions will peak by 2030.
significant because it's the first time china has ever made such a promise. the hope is this deal will encourage other nations to take action before a global agreement is signed in paris next year. >> translator: we have announced our target for climate change for the two countries after 2020. we agree that we should promote further talks in the 2015 conference in paris. >> reporter: while both leaders agree to disagree on many issues, nothing appears to have been off limits during obama's visit. politing restating their positions on growing military ambiti ambiti ambitions, human rights and calls for more democracy in long hong kong. >> i described why it is so important for us to speak up for the freedoms that we believe are universal, rights that we believe are the birthright of all men and women wherever they
live, whether it is in new york, paris or, or hong kong. >> reporter: both president obama and i believe that when china and the united states work together, we can become the balance of the world's stability and the propeller for the world peace. domestic politics could still derail obama's climate change pledge, dealing with china's heard possibly easier than a congress now controlled by the republicans. now ten years and 6 billion kilometers later, the spacecraft has successfully landed and latched on to the comet 67p. the european space agency celebrated the achievement. it had to go three times around earth and one time around mars to gather enough speed to reach
the target. our correspondent explains what the spacecraft will be doing on the comet. >> reporter: it has about 60 hours worth of energy in its batteries and it's going to run about ten different tests, pumping that data back to the spacecraft which will push it back to earth. at that point, the solar panels on the lander start to work, and hopefully they think they can keep it going for months if not over a year. during that time, the comet is going to travel closer to the sun. as it does the amount of gas and dust coming off of the comet will increase. it gets increasingly dangerous for the commander itself. and what they happen to see in the comet tail, dust, and drilling of 23 centimeters into the comet's surface is all sorts of details arrange the chemical properties of the comet. the idea, they believe, is that water and even organic compounds
came to earth billions of years ago on comets, and that's how life, in fact was -- originally came to earth. so they will be looking for lots of telltale chemical signatures on the comet to see if that is a possibility. still ahead on the program . . . protests in india as officials investigate the deaths of women after serialization surgery. plus under siege and calling for help. people take to the streets of the syrian city of duma. they say the government is starving them.
>> now available, the new al jazeea america mobile news app. get our exclusive in depth, reporting when you want it. a global perspective wherever you are. the major headlines in context. mashable says... you'll never miss the latest news >> they will continue looking for survivors... >> the potential for energy production is huge... >> no noise, no clutter, just real reporting. the new al jazeera america mobile app, available for your apple and android mobile device. download it now one year ago america tonight brought you the story that shocked the nation sex crimes on campus: >> i remember waking up and he was trying to have sex me... >> now we return has anything changed? >> his continued presence on the campus put the entire community at risk >> for the better... >> i was arrested for another false charge that she had made up... >> america tonight's special report sex crimes on campus: one year later
on al jazeera america ♪ welcome back. our top stories on al jazeera. russia has denied reports that it's troops have crossed the border into eastern ukraine. nato says it has seen russian tanks, artillery and combat troops entering the country over the past two days. palestinian security officials have accused israeli activists of setting fire to a mosque in the occupied west bank. and a space probe has landed on a comet for the first time. the rosetta probe was launched by a european space agency ten years ago, and traveled 6 billion miles to catch up to the comet. a former syrian heard accused of crimes against humanity has arrived in
belgrade. as barnaby phillips reports he has been released temporarily for cancer treatment. >> reporter: accused of war crimes, he got a hero's reception at his party headquarters in belgrade. to nationalists he is a victim, man who stood up for his country. >> reporter: the battle took a little bit longer than i thought, but i got there in the end. >> reporter: and throughout his long trial in the hague, he has never accepted the u.n. court's authority. >> translator: this court isset up to be a tool of the security council to make and set peace. so we know there can be no justice here. it is a political instrument. >> reporter: but he has cancer and that has prompted the court to release him temporarily. it is alleged he committed
atrocities in croatia. in the late 1990s, he became deputy prime minister of serbia he left office in 2000 and surrendered to the u.n. court three years later, but his political influence endured. in part that's because today's leaders of serbia were once close to him. here you can see him in 1995 during the war in bosnia in conversation with the current president of serbia, and prime minister. he is in a car that appears to be decorated with a skull in a u.n. peace keeper's helmet. so his return is awkward for serbian government that has its roots in nationalism, but which is also trying to build closer ties with the european union. >> translator: as head of the
serbian government, i wish him a speedy recovery and good health. that's all that i have to say. >> reporter: for serbian nationalists it's a moment of joy, but for many of those who suffered in the balkan wars, this is a dark day. ak coring to the terms of the release, he must not approach any witnesses or victims in his case and he just go back to the hague if summoned. u.s. military advisors have arrived in iraq to train forces. [ explosion ] meanwhile state television says that iraqi soldiers have retaken control of the strategic northern town of beiji. they are also trying to take back control of the oil refinery on the outskirts. five policemendyed in a
suicide back in the capitol of bagdad. the car bomber blew up a check point. six soldiers have been killed in a suicide bombing targeting the military camp to the north. they launched an offensive to retake the dam from isil fighters near the city. they say 14 ilz fighters were killed and several weeks destroyed. in syria, the free syrian army commander says rebels will reject a u.n. peace plan. president bashar al-assad says the plan is worth taking a look at, but the rebel leader said this: meanwhile syrian rebels are warning that they could lose
their main strong hold near the capitol, damascus. government forces are making gains towards doma, and have cut off supply roads putting the city under siege. >> reporter: these people are appealing for helping from the international community. the syrian government has closed the last supply road into rebel controlled eastern guta. this area has been under siege for more than a year. >> it's a disaster zone. we are calling on syrian opposition government and other international organizations to save us. 700,000 people are under siege. >> reporter: they have also been under constant fire. in recent weeks the government has stepped up its bombing campaign, many civilians have been killed in the near daily attacks. people here say they no longer have the medical supplies to
treat the wounded or those who are sick. it is not just medicine res dengeds have been finding what wood they can to stay warm as winter begins to set in. shops are closed because they have nothing to sell. >> translator: you can notice the children that are malnourished. people don't even have bread. we survived the siege for sometime. sometimes by eating grass, but now the alarm bells have started to ring. >> reporter: it is considered as a vital gateway. >> translator: they tried to enter from the only humanitarian corridor. this is a mess rage from them. they want to starve people so they surrender. >> reporter: for the opposition the government tactics are not new. starve the people to put pressure on the rebels, but the fighters say they won't compromise because it would end the rebellion north of the capitol. fourth health officials have
been suspended in the central indian state. a panel has also been set up to investigate the deaths of several people after they underwent sterilization surgery. the women were patients in a government mass sterilization camp. some reports suggest that rusty instruments were used in the operations. faiz jamil has more. >> reporter: this is the state government hospital where several patients from two other sterilization camps have been brought to. relatives have been coming in and out all day, and some have told al jazeera that the women were experiencing vomits and fainting for several days since undergoing sterilization surgery over the weekend. state health officials say they are very surprised at all of this and all of the surgical procedures are done by
professional doctors who have experience in sterilization. but a health activist has told al jazeera quite the opposite. she says the camps are very unhygenic with the same instrument being used on several patients and doctors try to rush through the surgeries in order to hit target numbers, and that the fact that in many sterilization camps having a death is quite common. the fact that so many have happened at one time is the only reason that attention is being brought to it now. dozens of people have been kwaurn -- quan teened in mali after a nurse died from ebola. last month a two-year-old girl died after traveling tamale. the world health organization said there are not enough resources to safely dispose of ebola victim's
bodies. >> reporter: a group prayer before they begin another difficult day. this red cross burial team based in the linian capitol has been called to a house in theout skirts of the city. the body of a young man called robert has been left in an outhouse. >> this is an infectious disease. those that are picking the bodies, we are also very concerned about them that if you don't follow the protocol properly, you yourself could be a victim of the situation. >> reporter: the world health organization says around 500 trained burial teams are needed to bring the ebola epidemic under control. but in the three worst-hit countries there are only 140, and many of those doing the difficult and dangerous job are volunteers. by the end of the day, the burial team's truck is full. the bodies are taken to a
crematorium and disposed of without ceremony. specialists treatment centers are another front line in the fight against the virus. this woman has recovered from ebola. she now works as a volunteer helping to care for the sick. >> ebola if you have it you feel like -- it's a sickness [ inaudible ]. because it has [ inaudible ] from hair to toes. you can even see the [ inaudible ]. the vomit just come and come. >> reporter: so far more than 300 healthcare workers in liberia have caught the virus. >> [ inaudible ] health workers [ inaudible ]. >> reporter: in one of
monrovia's most densely populated areas, a man is spotted hiding on a roof top. fear is running high, and his neighbors say they suspect he has ebola. >> [ inaudible ] all of the people keep saying if this man stay here [ inaudible ]. >> reporter: the man agrees to come with healthcare workers to the hospital. there are signs the number of new cases of ebola in liberia might be going down, but experts say it's just too early to say whether progress has been made or if the worst is still to come. well the u.n. ebola envoy has called for people not to stop going to countries affected by the outbreak. david navara was speaking at the united nations. >> it's a just not appropriate to say don't travel there
because there is ebola. if you are going to get ebola, you will get it through being in direct contact with somebody, and that is mostly avoidable. and the other point that i would stress is that we are seeing that if people are identified with ebola very early on, they have a very high chance of recovery. the world's parks congress is underway in australia, it's the biggest meeting for people who look after places of natural importance. an interactive map is being launched to show what is beneath the water in sydney harbor. >> reporter: it looks like the film. but on the front of these underwater scooters aren't guns. mounted on each is a sophisticated camera. >> on one end there are three cameras, which are perfectly synchronized to take images ever 3 seconds as the craft moves
along the seascape. >> reporter: they can travel two kilometers on each dive and take a thousand panoramic pictures. the team has compiled over a million images, surveying 700 kilometers of the world's corral reefs. but this survey is capturing the underwater world in the middle of australia's biggest city, sydney harbor. a computer program creates a series of shots. the aim is twofold. first to provide a record of the current state of the underwater world. this will provide scientists with a basele with which to compare the state of reefs and fish in years to come. second is to create an open accessway for anyone to see and via their computer, move through pictures of what is below the surface of the sea. >> the ultimate ambition is to create a global record that
engages people with these environments and allow scientists to put the policies in place or help put the policies in place that will ensure they are protected in the long term. >> reporter: the surveyors have teamed with google to tie their record into its street technology. using a street on a journey used to have to end when the land did. but now i can use these to go under there. in sydney harbor's chowder bay, you can click around sea horses. off of shelley beach a blue grouper. near this beach, a gray nurse shark. and off of the town of manly, schools ol yellow tail. the sponsor of this project is an insurance company keen to associate itself with technology, but looks at change and risk. the aim is for this to become an
extensive navigatable map, but as oceans warm it could become an historical record of what was once beneath the waves. a reminder that there is plenty more news, analysis and features on our website, the usual address is aljazeera.com. >> ferguson missouri, the spark for what would become daily street protests was the killing of an unarmed african american teenager. 18-year-old michael brown was gunned down by a white police officer on august the 9th. in the days that followed, the police responded to the demonstrations with massive force. >> it's an uprising. we are tired of the police. >> we're sick of being tear-gassed. we're sick of being shot at.