on al jazeera america a deadly attack in afghanistan as a suicide bomber hits a foreign convoy. ♪ ♪ hello, this is al jazerra live from our head quarters in doha. also on the program. >> devastated by the loss of our much-loved son and brother philip. it's been a very difficult few days. we appreciate all the support we have received from family, friends, players, cricket australia and the general publ public. >> morninmourning the loss of cr
philip hughes who died from an injury suffered in a match. costing thousands of people their lives. and we take you to myanmar where chinese demands for precious stone is fueling illegal trade. ♪ ♪ we start with some developing news out of afghanistan. a suicide bomber on a motorcycle has hate vehicle belong to this british embassy in kabul. the taliban says it was behind the blast which killed five people and injured 34 others. it's the latest in the series of attacks in the afghan capital as the majority of foreign troops prepare for pull out by the end of this year. live to charles stratford who joins us from kabul, charlie what's the latest on the attack. >> reporter: we spoke to the british em bass a about five minutes ago, they indeed confirmed that one of their vehicles was at target of a suicide bomb attack earlier this
morning, they also confirm that there were no diplomats in those vehicles. in that vehicle sorry. they say they were treating a number of staff for injuries but at the time were not prepared to give anymore details away until the next of kin were contacted. we were in that area this morning and it is a notorious area, there is a u.n. compound up there that was recently attacked. there was also a large u.s. base. the taliban have claimed responsibility for this attack. they said that they were targeting what they describe as foreign invaders. the ministry of health, as you say, says at least five civilians were killed, 34 injured, a number of children amongst those casualties. >> as you said, char lurk the attacks in kabul are being frequent. we saw the attack on the greenville i think last week. the taliban again claiming responsibilities s there a sense that security did getting worse in the afghan capital as the
troops are preparing to bull out in just a few weeks actually? >> reporter: there certainly is that sense. the intelligence agency says they have seen a rise in 60% in attacks across the country. we have seen a number after tacks recently in kabul. there seems to be an attack literally every day. they have also been seem big an increase in attacks since that agreement with nato forces and u.s. forces was signed by president rouhani a few months ago. the taliban said that they will hescalate attacks as a result security agreements. kabul resembles a fault in their self anyway. there are military and security forces saul over the city. not just around the large government buildings and foreign compounds, there are checkpoints
all over the place. as this attacks demonstrates, it seems as if the taliban and other groups are still able to penetrate those security defenses. >> all right, it is very worrying indeed. thank you so much charles stade fort reporting live from the afghan capital c kabul. in eye ram at least seven people were killed after a bomb inside a mini bus exploited damaging a number of cars nearby and wounded at least 10 people thethis happened in sadder city. in other news, cricket he have philip hughes has died two as days after being hilt in the head by a crai contradict ball. he had emergency surgery to reduce pressure his brain. he was 26 days and had played 251-day internationals. andrew thomas has more from
sydney. >> reporter: tributes have been pouring in to philip hughes who died almost exactly 48 hours after that ball struck him and just shy of his 26th birthday australia prime minister tony abbott has given an address on national tv. he says that millions of a ens have been shocked and dismayed by news of philip hughes' death. cricket legends, adam gilchrist a formal captain of the italian treatment got on twitter and said no, no, no, rest in peace. shane ward another famous cricketer, cannot describe the sadness, the indian cricketer called it a sad day for cricket. the actor, russell crowe, he said that he was in shock, sent his deep con dol condolences, ml clark the currents tap cane read out a statement at the hospital on behalf of the family where philip hughes was being treated also more news about the nature of the injury.
fat that when it hit him in the next just underneath his left ear it effectively ruptured an artily that ran to his brain it, blooded the brain and put pressure it. despite the operation where they took out part of his skull to relief the pressure it wasn't enough and philip hughes did die. a very sad day for a young cricketer as everybody is saying here had a very, very promising future. in the united states, civil rights leaders are demanding justice over the police shooting of an unarmed black teenagers in ferguson, missouri. they say the case should lead to changes in law enforcement. protests continue in the city across the u.s. for a third night following a grand jury's decision not to charge police officer darren wilson over michael brown's death. these were scenes from oakland in california just a few moments ago. dozens of others have also been arrested -- dozens of people have also been arrested in los angeles. michael brown's parents are talking to american media and say the american criminal
justice system failed their son. >> we are different now. just have to keep the faith. that hole will never be filled. we have other children that we love, but, you know, i think that actually broke me. >> respect is def >> respect is definitely at the core. and we deserve equal amount of respect. and we are not getting it. and that was all that we wanted was equality for what happened to our son. and i think it's very unfair and i am just like i never knew that
this is how things would go. this is how things operated. that the system could fa fail you so much. >> more than 400 people in the u.s. are killed by police officers every year. like michael brown, many are them are young and black. tom ackerman has more. >> reporter: one month after the ferguson shooting a white sacramento policeman confront and shoots an unarmed black motorist. that officer was charged with a felony and lost his job. but in 2012, eight michigan officer fired 45 shots to kill a homeless black man armed only with a pen knife. all were cleared of using unlawful deadly force. in nearly all such cases, police are vindicated usually without even facing trial. like darren wilson. the officer who killed michael brown, junior in ferguson, the justification they give is stark. >> can i shoot this guy? legally can i? and the question i answered
myself, was, i have to. if i don't, he will kill me if he gets to me. >> reporter: but for many young black men like these in chicago, the police are seen as the president tours. >> our people are stopped, we are frisked, we are criminalize the, we are targeted. we are invaded. we are jailed, and we are killed. >> reporter: the fbi reported that among 400 fatal police shootings each year, 18% of those killed were blacks aged 18 to 34. that was double the rate for whites in the same age group. while most of the officers involved were white, nearly 80% of those killed by black policemen were also black. experts say those fay tal at thiseatthose fatalities arejustl realities in america. >> 18 of out is in jail, on prison, probation or parole. in los angeles, philadelphia, baltimore, washington, 50 to 60% of all young men are color are
in jail, probation or patrol. president obama is calling for better police train to go minimize distrust and grow closer to the people they are charged to protect. a grohl that requires more than recruiting more blacks in to police ranks. >> it becomes important that we have did rears at this i diverse departments and community. but is really important as well is that we have well trained, well qualified, well paid police officers, men and well, who feel supported. >> reporter: a mission to pursue for years to come. tom ackerman, al jazerra, washington. there is much more ahead. we'll tell you why plunging oil prices are create a financial mess for venezuela. >> reporter: coming up we'll tell you why 95% of all sterilizations are perform on women despite the procedure for men being simpler and less
risky. >> we're following stories of people who died in the desert. >> the borderland marathon. >> no one's prepared for this journey. >> experience al jazeera america's critically acclaimed original series from the beginning. >> experiencing it has changed me completely. >> follow the journey as six americans face the immigration debate up close and personal. >> it's heartbreaking. >> i'm the enemy. >> i'm really pissed off. >> all of these people shouldn't be dead. >> it's insane.
welcome back. a recap of our top stories on al jazerra. a suicide boxer on a motorcycle has hit a vehicle belonging to the british embassy in afghanistan's capital kabul. the taliban says it was behind the attack which has killed five people and injured 34 others. tributes have been pouring in for the australian cricketer philip hughes who died two days after he was struck in the head. he was hit while batting for south australia.
a third night of protests has taken place across the u.s. against a grand jury's decision not to charm a white police officer over the shooting of an unarmed black mean age, he dozens of arrest have his been made in los angeles. these pictures are from oakland in california within the last hour. the greek eye rant of crete is awaiting the arrival of a bolt fill of 700 migrants, eight groups and volunteers are prepared to shelter and foot the refugees who are thought to be from syria and afghanistan. their boat lost power in poor weather conditions and is being towed by great navy frigots. let's take a look at the scale of the migrant crisis is europe is facing. it's estimated at least 165,000 my grand has arrived in europe by the mediterranean over the past year. in the same period least 3,000 would be migrants have drowned trying make it to europe. most come from north africa and the middle east, but some have come from as far as afghanistan
and southeast asia. european foreign ministers are meeting in rome today for talk on the migration crisis. our phil lavell is there for us and joins us liver from the italian capital. phil, tell us more about this meeting. another meeting on migration, who is taking part in the conference and what are they hoping to achieve. >> reporter: it's a pretty long list. 58 participants in this meeting today drawn from countries across europe and africa. it's actually part of something wider called the process which is a series of meetings, even u. officials, african official to his talk about migration, the reason this is getting so much attention is because it's taking place in italy which has had to deal with the issue of mass migration, particularly over the laugh few years. and secondly because the new high representative, the foreign affairs of the eu, says that she will use this very meeting to make the issue of this a huge priority. despite knowing they may die
hundreds of thousands of people are making that perilous trip from north africa to europe they are in search of safety and in search of a home. this used to be a hotel. it's long since closed. but the lobby is still packed. and the rooms all taken. 160 migrant families live in this place on the edge of rome. it has a roof, and that is enough. for people like ibrahim, a former child soldier who fled the war in sudan, it's home. >> i'm okay here, but what am i going to do, otherwise kill myself. i must find a way, that's what fighting for day in and day out. to find a better solution because nobody can take care of you. >> reporter: 165,000 my grand have arrived in italy so far this year says the u.n., that is 100,000 more than last year. their goal is to get to the tiny
italian island in the mediterranean sea and then onto europe. but thousands drown trying. the relief of those rescued is evident but when the ship comes in the welcome may not be what they hoped for spellsly for those who find themselves strappeded in italy. a country, people have to remain in under even u. rules. >> translator: some prefer the sea to the wall. they think that perhaps if we get there alive, at least we have a chance in europe. but when i arrived in italy the situation is worse than where i came from. >> reporter: the fact is for many that come fro come here. they find themselves in these buildings housing as many pimas can physically fit through the doors, in this cases there isn't
even a roof. but what they do provide say sense of safety, a place that is more secure than from the country from which they led. the u.n. says the problem of refugees standss needs picturing urgelypicturingurgently. >> increase visa and sponsorship that would allow for sure to prevent many people to decide to cross the mid train vinnie in this w5eu678 as officials gather in rome. the migrants keep arriving and these are the lucky ones. they survived. many more will die trying. they feel they have no alternative. >> phil, tell us about the actions that are currently in place to help these migrants who come by sea. are they being enforced properly, these actions? >> reporter: that's a question that they have actually just changed. you have to look back a year no explain it really.
to october last year when a boat sanction near the coast, 300 migrants died in that incident. and that led to a lot of anger, a lot of soul searching here in italy. the government launched an operation and it was very much a search and rescue operation. the italian navy would patrol the waters between italy and north africa. they would actually go as far as the libyan coast. and they would come across boats full of people and bring them to safety. take them to land. it was expensive, it came at around $9 million a month. but also pretty controversial with other countries within europe saying it wasn't the right response the reason that people would encourage this and make are come. the rules have changed. that mission has been wound down and replaced with another operation, operation triton, this isn't an italian operation, it's an even u. operation, it's run by the border control force
that works for the even u. and it's got the likes of netherlands and portugal involved and finland. now, what this is is this is going to patrol 30 miles nautical miles off the coast the italy. it's not going to be an active search and rescue operatio lookn looking to people. they are just look for people around the italian coast, if they hear distress calls they'll go further out but not to libya. there is 100 nautical miles to that coast to the where they will go. there is a lot of concern whether or not this is the pride option. the human rights groups say it isn't. that's one of the things that will be discusses here quit quig vicely today. >> thank you very much, phil, phil lavell live in rome. demonstrators across mexico are marking two months since the disappearance of 43 students, protesters blocked a highway connecting the southern mexican state of guerrero with mexico city on wednesday. the students disappearings has led to anti-government protest
as cross the equipment are you. the government has blamed the crime on corrupt police and local officials link today drug car sells. venezuela is urging oil producing nation to his limit output to stop falling praise pricepricesprices inhonest to sy it's already dealing with a recession, food and power shortages and public discontent. >> reporter: it's the world's fifth heartest oil exporter and has the largest proven reserves on the planet. but with oil prices falling to a 4-year load venezuela could be facing one of eights most difficult tests yes yet. oil make up 95% of the exports and oil taxes are 70% of the government revenues. with the price of crude hovering around $75 a barrel the economy is shrinking rapidly.
>> translator: venezuela perhaps the most oil dependent country in the world. only is the only thing that brings in dollars, if used correctly they can generate growth and social well being, but if miss ice iced it createst enough dollars you can can't give people what they are used to and popular unrest grows. >> reporter: from the time he name to power, former president hugo chavez started using oil reserves for funds his socialist revolution, government subsidies, price controls and social programs helped lift millions of venezuelans out of poverty. but over the years, government policies led to runaway inflation and shortages of basic goods. in february, protests erupted with hundreds of thousands think people demanding the resignation of chavez' of's successor nicholas moduro. with oil prices having dropped more than $30 since then, some argue venezuela's policies have to change.
>> translator: public spendsing in venezuela and social spending in general. the number of public employees has grown enormously over the past 15 years, the time has come for the government to get used to including the private sector so that the state alone doesn't have to look at 30 million people. >> reporter: a reduced role of the state has rosa garcia worried. like many of venezuela's poor she shops ahead a supermarket where subi subsidized goods cane six times cheap in on the streets. >> translator: i think even if the government has problems with the price of oil they can maintain the supermarket with the help of god, the virgin mary and chavez who are in heaven helping us all. >> reporter: but not all venezuelans share rosa's faith. a recent poll put president ma goo owe's approval rating at just 30%. and if oil prices don't rise, it could be just a matter of time
before things in venezuela go from bad to worse. david mercer, al jazerra. haiti's public health system does not have the capacity to treat a rising number of cholera cases, that's according to doctors without borders. the organization says more than 3,000 people with cholera symptoms have been treated in the capital since mid october. haiti's cholera outbreak back in 2010 and has killed more than 8,000 people. >> in the beginning of october 2014 we still had fairly low numbers of cholera patients specifically here in port-au-prince, within a few days the numbers exploded. exponentially. within the last few four to five weeks, we have treated almost 3,000 patients for symptoms of cholera in the cholera treatment centers. now, the recent deaths of 14 women in india after sterilization surgery has put the spotlight on the lack of men
willing to undergo the operation. recent figures show nearly half of all of those sterilized in india are well, everybody though the procedure for men is lessons vase i have and has fewer risk. a report from new delhi in the first of our series on family planning. >> reporter: they are loving parents to their children. but they decided that five children were enough for their financially. and he underwent sterilization. the idea of him being sterilized was quickly ruled out. >> i thought about it, but i am a working man, i already have pain in my back, so i decided not to have the procedure. >> reporter: fear of complications and loss of strength are why government statistics show that 95% of all sterilizations in india are perform on women. this despite it being a surgery with risks. just this month, 14 women died in dozens more than were left in critical condition in the state
after being sterilized at temporary government planning center. these incidents continued despite the fact that male sterile sayings are done by a simple, noninning craze i havei. it's the same procedure he underwent seven months ago without issue. >> i am living a very happily life, medically, physically, there are nothing happened. what i have heard about that people will have some tiredness or they will not be able to do the hard work, there is no such problem. >> reporter: but men like him are increasingly one of the few being terrellized. in 2008. more than 800 mena tend aid yearly sterilization certainty near new de delhi, that figure s fallen to fewer than 60 last year. in the number of male sterilizations continues for fall. this surgeon who helped pioneer the current noninvasive procedure. says attitudes will have to
change to get more men sterilizes more effort has to be made from the health community itself. >> it's also got it to to do with the service availability and the service provision. in a sense that we could work harder to get men forward follow sterilization. we need to inform them, we need to clear the misconceptions. >> reporter: her sterilization was successful but could have carried risks. until aware zips spread, women here will continue to dominate the number of sterilizations performed and continues to bear the burden of indian's ambitious family planning program. al jazerra, new delhi. now, the chinese have treasured jade for sen tire is it's created a multi billion dollars industry. but one that is fueling illegal trade. that's most visible in myanmar where the best jade mines are found. we uncover the high level of corruption behind a lucrative smuggling trail.
>> reporter: the chinese covet jade as a status symbol and a treasure with mystical properties. >> translator: we have an olds saying, gold is valuable, but jade is priceless. there is also a widespread belief that jade protects you. >> reporter: the best jade known as jade eight comes largely through the black market. mained in myanmar most is export today tryna but trade figures don't add up. the official revenue from jade ex-supports over three years was $1.3 billion yet a study estimated total jade sells were six time higher in 2011 alone. the myanmar government won't speak to us on camera about the missing billions but a senior official from the industry of mines talks about the mid hiked enjoyed. >> don't worry about seth up a country rich.
you just need $1 million a stone will be delivered if we transfer 200,000 or $300,000. >> reporter: also with a hidden camera we immediate a struggler of raw jade on his way to the prohibited mining town in the northern state. he holds the rank of major under the government's border guard force. none of the checkpoints along the way inspect his car. >> when we smuggle jade by the check point we pay royalties to the commanders. >> reporter: after the raw stones cross the porous board tore china, taxes are paid to legalize them. carving masters transform raw jade in to sculptures that cost a fortunate, more than four times the price of gold per graham. but for collectors in china, they are worth it. >> translator: in the last few years jadeite has proven to be a far superior investment than real estate. >> reporter: china's growing a influence will continue to drive the demand for raw m myanmar ja.
but the receive knee feeds a black market controlled by dark force. al jazerra, myanmar. and you can watch the full version of that story on "one off one east." myanmar's jade curse thursday on 2230 gmt here on al jazerra. >> from across the world, people have revealed, longed for and willing to die for jerusalem. today israelis and palestinians are locked in struggle over its future. it's inside story. >> hello, i'm ray suarez. for much of the last 5,000 years