>> europe faces up to a humanitarian crisis, how to stop thousands of people drowning on the treacherous journey to a better life. >> our top stories on aljazeera: >> at least five dead in afghanistan as a suicide bomber attacks a vehicle drop the british embassy. >> the world's biggest oil sellers consider emergency measures as oil prices tumble. >> mourning the loss of the
cricket ear phillip hughes who died from an injure suffered during a match. we will look back at his life. >> foreign ministers are meeting in rome for a summit on the growing humanitarian cries caused by a rise in the number of undocumented migrants. these are the latest images of a problem dominating political debate from london to athens. 700 would-be migrants packed into the hold of a cargo ship towed to safety by the greek navy after it lost power and found adrift in the mediterranean. >> the migrants are from all over north africa and the middle east, but the main departure points are from more cock row to bib i can't. the migrants are mostly trying to reach spain, malta, italy and the island of lampadist is a off
the coast of sicily. >> we are in rome. phil, we know that there have been similar meetings in the past, what's different this time around? >> probably the sheer amount of people here, 58 participants in this meeting. people from every e.u. country and much of the african continent, this is something wider. the meeting is held in italy, a country that's struggled with a
huge number of may go grants from north africa. e.u. foreign policy representative said as far as she is concerned this is a priority and she will use this meeting to make sure everybody is aware, that this is an issue that needs tackling right now. despite the dangers, hundreds of thousands of people are making this trip, risking their lives because they are searching for safety, for security and a home. >> this used to be a hotel. it's long-since closed but the lobby still packed and the rooms all taken. 150 migrant families live here. it has a roof and that is enough. for this former child soldier who fled the sudan war, it's home.
>> i must find a way, so that's what we are fighting for, a solution, because nobody can take care of you. >> 165,000 migrants have arrived in italy so far this year, says the u.n. that is 100,000 more than last year. their goal is to get to the tiny italian island of lampedusa and then on to europe. thousands drown trying. >> the relief from those rescued is evident, but when the ship comes in within the welcome may not be what they hope for especially for those stranded in italy. some have to remain in it under e.u. rules. >> some prefer the sea to the war. they think that perhaps if we get their alive, at least we have a chance in europe, but when i arrived in italy, i found the situation here worse than where i fled from.
>> the fact is for many who find their way to rome, this is what they can expect, they're off dozens of these derelict buildings around the edges of the city now turned unofficially into shelters are housing as many people as can physically fit through the doors. in some cases, there isn't even a roof to keep the rain out, but what places do provide is a sense of safety, a place more secure for them than the country from which they fled. >> the u.n. says the problem of refugees stranded needs fixing urgently. here are its suggests. >> to increase the number of places for reception, for humanitarian visas and for sponsor ship. that would allow for sure to prevent many people to decide to cross the mediterranean this way. >> as officials gather, the migrants keep arriving and these are the lucky ones. they survived. many will die trying.
they feel they have no alternative. >> the migrants keep on arriving, and we know, too, it's a very controversial issue in europe. we also know that the meeting is closed to journalists, but you've been speaking to some attending this meeting. what are they saying about the tone of the discussion? >> we know that there is as general concerns that this is an issue that needs tackling. how do you tackle it, slow the number of people coming to europe and stop the huge exploitation as they're getting across. the italian navy has been running and price where it has had a salvage operation, search and rescue where they would go deep zoo the waters of the mediterranean. these people are in a very null
inertial position. that was costing $9 million a month and there was pressure from some other countries that it was not the right approach, because it was simply encouraging people to make that journey across in the hopes they would be picked up. that's being replaced by operation it true to know. this isn't an italian navy operation. this is an operation organized by the border force, but it's not a search and rescue salvation operation, it's very much border control. it will operate 30 nautical miles and go further if it receives a distress call. there's been a lot of debate over which is best, obviously the human rights groups say the new policy is no good, because these people are desperate, fleeing wars, fleeing persecution and the human traffickers will still exploit them. those are the two things really being discussed, how to slow the migration numbers, stop human traffickers. we expect the announcement in two hours' time. >> so many things to talk about,
and so complex, phil, thank you, speaking from rome. >> syrian refugees in lebanon are struggling to cope after hit by an early winter storm. most are staying in communities around lebanon, but some live in settlements like this one. more than a million are currently registered in lebanon. >> israel's security says it uncovered plans for large scale attacks on jerusalem, coming amid heights intention between israelis and palestinians after a series of violent incidents. more than 30 people have been arrested over the past few months and now they are accused of being hamas members preparing to kidnap israelis and attack targets around the city. >> members of egypt's cabinet could be prosecuted for international crimes in the united kingdom. it comes after the u.k.'s high court decided not to grant them immunity. the muslim brotherhood's
political wing had just launched the request. egypt's rulers should be investigated for crimes against human, including torture said the report. >> aljazeera continues to demand the release of our three journalists now held in prison in egypt for 334 days. the three were jailed on false charges of helping the outlawed muslim brotherhood. all are appealing their conviction. >> a suicide bomber has hit a vehicle belonging to the british embassy in kabul. the taliban claimed responsibility. five people were killed. we report. >> afghan security forces race into the road, one of the most dangerous places in kabul. the suicide bomber targeted an
embarz vehicle. >> i was standing there, i saw dead bodies in the road. some had no arms. it was a land cruiser vehicle and a corolla, both came together and the explosion happened. there were fallen casualties. >> the force threw the vehicle across four lanes of traffic. security forces and foreign troops sealed the area. >> there were wounded and dead. the attack was against foreign errs. i saw a minivan full of wounded passengers. there were so many injured, too, they were rushed to the hospital. >> the taliban said they had targeted what they distributed as foreign invaders. the suicide bombing happened behind me. the authorities have removed the vehicles but say they've seen a massive rise in attacks in kabul and across the country in recent weeks. >> there have been numerous other attacks along with this during the last few months. a compound of foreign errs was
targeted earlier this month not far from here. the majority of nato forces are he can specked to leave afghanistan by the end of this year. the taliban threatened to step up attacks against foreigners after the afghan president signed an agreement in september that allowed some foreign troops to remain and train afghan forces. it seems they are keeping their word. aljazeera, kabul. >> opec members are meeting in vienna, as pressure gross for oil prices to rise. >> the 12 members of opec account for more than a third of global oil trucks, so what opec does has a big effect on the oil price. the question at this meeting in vienna is will they decide to cut production in order to try and push the current low price
of oil back up. >> here's the problem they face. globally, demand is down, with slowing growth, particularly in china and europe. supply is up with the united states emerging as a major producer of shale oil. this is the dilemma opec countries face, cutting production might mean losing market share to big producers outside the group and this is a group at the heart of deep regional rivalries, iran and iraq and the big gulf producers have very little in common besides the fact that they produce oil. there are some who suggest that key opec member saudi arabia and the united states have a common interest in keeping oil prices down, because that hurts iran and russia. as ever, with oil, geopolitics play a major part. >> still ahead, adventures,
people from dozens of countries can visit more easily, but will they? >> we'll meet patients treated by the world's first center for facial reconstruction. >> we're following stories of people who died in the desert. >> the borderland marathon. >> no one's prepared for this journey. >> experience al jazeera america's critically acclaimed original series from the beginning. >> experiencing it has changed me completely. >> follow the journey as six americans face the immigration debate up close and personal. >> it's heartbreaking. >> i'm the enemy. >> i'm really pissed off. >> all of these people shouldn't be dead. >> it's insane. >> the borderland thanksgiving day marathon. on al jazeera america. >> it's a chilling and draconian sentence... it simply cannot stand. >> this trial was a sham... >> they are truth seekers... >> all they really wanna do is find out what's
ship, towed to safety by the greek navy. the boat lost power and do you understand adrift in the mediterranean. >> a suicide bomber has hit a vehicle belonging to the british embassy in kabul. the taliban says it was behind a blast which killed five, including one british national and injured 34 others. >> members of the nato oil producing state otherwise known as opec are meeting in vienna as they face pressure to cut production due to falling oil prices. >> an effective vaccine for the ebola virus, the first trial has passed the first round of safety tests. we report. >> for most who catch ebola, it is fatal. for those who survive, it's a painful debilitating disease, and there is no cure and no vaccine. for the past months, teams of
researchers have worked to change that. this drug is currently tested as a potential vaccine. it's called cdd3 and works by stimulating the immune system to produce antibodies against ebola. so far, it's been given to two small groups of volunteers, one a light dose, another a larger dose. >> the results with the higher dose were really quite favorable. virtually all of the people who received the higher dose got a very robust antibody response, the classical response that vaccines elicit. >> when given to animals, it proved effective, but moving from small scale animal tests to vaccines for use in west africa will be expensive. some specialists say large pharmaceutical companies will need to help. >> they have the infrastructure
develop vaccines quickly and if deemed successful and safe and effective, they'll also have the ability to mass produce the vaccines when the time comes to administer them to the general public. >> the next stage for the drug trial will take place in liberia, where the number of new cases of ebola have stabilized, but that is not the position in neighboring sierra leone. the world health organization says the capitol of freetown remains an intense area of transmission and the rate of new cases is rising. >> we still believe that people are engaging in practices that are not necessarily conducive to breaking the transmission, so the most physical manifestation of where we are shot, there are other aspects that will be useful. >> perhaps the most useful thing would be a working vaccine. dominic cain, aljazeera.
>> traveling to india is now easy are for people from more than that 40 countries. tourists can register on line and get a visa when arriving in india. not everyone is convinced the new rules will attract more people. >> these are some sites, sounds and offerings of india. british national katy jane coxwell waited two weeks for a visa but said it was worth the wait. >> a different viewpoint here, and everyone happy. it's very different than home. >> now, there's hope that more tourists will be able to share these stories, thanks to new visa regulations announced thursday. india's foreign minister said nationals from 43 countries, including the united states and fiji will be able to apply for a
30 day visa on line and collect it on arrival in india. >> india's tourism industry needs visitors. the sky is the limit. >> the sky is the limit. >> the chairman of the tourism organization predicts the impact will be huge. >> tourism within the next two to three years will grow from 7 million to 15 million, there will be 100% increase. >> tour operators insist india has more are destination to say visit than anywhere else in the world, but despite what's on offer in 2012, nearly nine times, as many tourists visited china than they did india. >> extending the electronic visa on arrival facility to more countries isn't just about providing the tourist industry with a much-needed boost. the new additions to the list of all nations the government wants to strengthen ties with
economically, politically and strategically. india isn't a priority destination for global travelers. >> it's still lacking attractivety because of the rape cases, because i'm sure the impression that there is a lot of terrorism here in india potential. >> the government says it's working oh hard to fix india's global image, you it may be sometime yet before tourists take notice. aljazeera, new delhi. >> more than 300 people have been arrested in the city of los angeles over the past two days. they were demonstrating the killing of michael brown in ferguson in august. monday, a grand jury decided not to charge police officer darren wilson igniting protests across the country. these are picture from oakland where fire was set to rubbish bins and they blocked traffic. >> britain's main political
parties greed to grant scotland new tacking in spending powers. it voted to stay part of the united kingdom. >> the grand setting of the until museum of scotland, you can see how scientists in edinborough tried to mash the atom. the west minute at her parties have been trying to break something else nearly as complicated, the drive for independence from the u.k. the man tasked with coming up for more freedom for scotland inside the united kingdom presented his report, the result of hard bargaining between parties. he said it was historic and others greed it should be all the scots should ever want. >> at democrats, we ever argued for a home rule within the united kingdom for over 100 years. i'm delighted with the package, giving us more financial responsibility, real economic powers in scotland, the difference of a different scottish welfare system, but
keeps us within the integration and security of the market which is vital across scat land. >> the vote was close enough that westminster promised to listen. it seemed at this time that there would not be another independence vote for a generation. since then, support for the nationalists has gone through the roof, so will this be enough to stop a new vote much sooner? >> there's no evidence of that, that that might or could be the case. the vow has been kept. >> the scattist nationalists said it was a poor return against such a solemn promise. >> we saw the in this process to obtain the powers that would allow us to strengthen the scottish economy, to control the
minimum wage and tackle issues of positivity and we've not secured those powers out of this. there is disappointment. >> the things the nationalists really want, their own defense and foreign policies, the removal of nuclear submarines remain off the negotiating table. >> this is what the scottish people have to show for voting no to independence in september. it's nothing substantial, does give scotland new powers. they can ban fracking and have much more control over things to do with tax and business. many believe the power will remain in london. the scottish nationalists say it's not like enough and they remain the post powerful voice in scotland. support for independence surged since september here. people want real change. this may or may not be it. aljazeera, edinborough. >> the world's first research center devoted to facial
reconstruction opened in london. it will collect data on treating cleft palates and traumatic facial injuries. >> annie is happy. not unusual for are a 10-month-old playing with her brother, but if you look closely, she has a large blood vessel tumor which eventually stopped her from smiling. >> it was quite heartbreaking, because we would be in the park and children surrounding the buggy and she'd be looking up and smiling at them and going from face-to-face trying to generate a smile back and they wouldn't be smiling back at her anymore, because they would be looking at the tumor. >> the tumor has been removed and the smile is back. >> what is the psychological aspect for this young woman, and what is the psychological aspect of the people who see her? what you are going to think
about is why can't we make scars invisible. >> the new center is designed to answer those questions, collecting data from around the world on treating conditions. it will bring together surgeons, oncologistists, restorative dentists, hundreds of specialses. josh stevenson had a repair tumor growing at the back of his eye. >> my glasses act as a mask. if i take them off and lift this up, you can see just the extend of what's gone on. >> in the future, doctors may not need to do decision operation to harvest skin. >> technology is helping facial reconstruction. models made by lead to printers allow surgeon to say plan risky operations, and doctors say the future is tissue engineering, making skin and other parts for
facial reconstruction. >> the face is how we breathe, eat, it's the most social part of our body. how we look is important to our psychological well being. it's about time the world has a medical research center devoted to it. jessica baldwin, aljazeera, london. >> the cricket word is mourning the death of phillip hughes. he died in hospital after he was struck on the head by a ball during a match two days ago. we have a report. >> almost exactly 48 hours after the ball struck him, phillip hughes was dead at the hospital where he'd been treated. the cricket captain read a statement from his family. >> we he appreciate all the support we have received from family, friends, players, cricket australia and the general public. cricket was his life and we as a family shared that love of the game with him. we would like to thank all the medical and nursing staffer at
stuff vincent hospital. they had great efforts with phillip. we love you. >> in a country where it is a national sport, losing such a big name player has shocked millions. the prime minister gave a national address. >> the thought that a player in his prime should be killed playing a national game is shocking and sobering. >> tributes to the player, who was just shy of his 26t 26th birthday have flooded in from around australia and the world. >> i think all those who played cricket, who played cricket who have children playing cricket are devastated by this news across the world. >> friday, flags across his home state will fly at half staff. shortly after his death was announced, doctors explained how serious his injury had been. >> phillip took the blow at the side of the neck, and as a
result that have blow, his vertical artery, one of the main leading to the brain, was compressed by the ball. that caused the artery to split and for bleeding to go up into the brain. he had a massive bleed into his brain. >> standard cricket balls weigh 160 grams. the fatal delivery was approximately 140 kilometers an hour and hit his neck below his helmet, rupturing an artery, flooding his brain with blood. he was a respected and popular cricketeer, he'den in and out of the national team for five years. >> the injury that he suffered, a sub arachnoid hemorrhage is exceptionally rare. there had only been one other case of a contradict ball causing it in the past. messages of support for the player who bowled the ball at
him say he shouldn't feel guilty or be blamed. though tragic it is, it was a freak accident that caused it. aljazeera, sydney. >> if you'd like to find out more, go to our website at aljazeera.com. >> from across the world, people have revealed, longed for and willing to die for jerusalem. today israelis and palestinians are locked in struggle over its future. it's inside story. >> hello, i'm ray suarez. for much of the last 5,000 years