>> hello everybody. this is al jazeera america. i'm david shuster, in new york. john seigenthaler has the night off. just ahead - missing plane - the expanding search and the possible new clues as the united states calls the international effort to find a lost air asia jet with 162 people on board. great fire wall. google's gmail blocked in china, why they could be cracking down on the company's services. shot three times - the newly
released officer's report fuelling anger over the police killing of an unarmed black man in los angeles 365 days later, wrongly accused, convicted and fighting for freedom. three al jazeera journalists mark one year in an egyptian prison we begin with a search for airasia flight 8501. the naval destroyer u.s.s. "sample son" is on the way to support recovery operations. there are leads, and reports of smoke. two small planes have been dispatched to investigate. searchers say they spotted two oil patches in the java sea, and an australian aircraft spotted what has been described as suspicious objects in the water - about 700 miles from where the plane dropped off radar. investigators are taking a closer look at the weather at the time the aircraft
disappeared. the airasia pilots asked to climb above threatening clouds. air traffic control turned down the request because the sky was too crowded with other jet liners near the "a" 320s -- near the a320s flight path. minutes later it vanished without issueing a may day call. scott heidler is in surabaya you've had six hours of daylight. regarding the oil slips, how long will it take for samples to be pulled and tested and come up with results. >> it depends on the evidence aerial spotting or debris. they have to achieve it. evaluate it. it depends on how sophisticated. a lot of times, like we saw on monday, there are oil slicks one from a p3 orion. they thought they saw an oil
slick. there was further investigation and it was a coral reef. it depends on what kind of evidence is there. is it something that looks like it could be from an aircraft. that has to be taken to a lab. and look at it. and it depends on the debris itself. nothing seems to be definitive proof, physical proof of where the aircraft might have gone down. >> what is the atmosphere and the mood in indonesia regarding the story and the participation people have. >> it's emotional. when you look at the 152 people on board, 149 were indonesians. 77 were from this specific community. the airline and the aviation officials set up a social crisis room inside terminal 2 in the airport, where the aircraft left from. they are being treated in private. and separately. i've been through a couple of these situations with missing
aircraft, and it's efficient, i have to say. they have a direct video link from here to the headquarters in jakarta for the search and rescue. they have family members of those on board the members getting a direct feed from the headquarters into qatar. and they'll filter out the information to us. so far very emotional. more next of kin will be flown in in the afternoon. we are hearing 100. most of them are from indonesia. family members and next of kin. >> the search area in general has expanded. i wonder if you can tell us about that. >> sure. it has expanded to 13 sectors today on tuesday. it's 96,000 square miles of territory that they are looking at. there's a specific area that they are looking at more - with more intensity if you will.
it's a small island in between two large islands in the sea. that's where, you know there's radar evidence that the last connection with the aircraft. they are focussing on that 13 seconds and you have the u.s. navy destroyer coming in the third class destroying to help out. that's going to arrive in the search area. there are two helicopters on board the aircraft - excuse me on the ship. they'll be deployed and joining the other aircraft and helicopters. a lot of territory. every day there's a ratcheting up of the square mileage that they are looking at. also the nations who are offering up their assistance and the equipment and the expertise coming in. every day it's ratcheting up no independent approval. >> scott heidler, terrific work as always. >> the search for the airasia asia plane has put a renewed focus on aviation tracking
technology. libby casey has more on that from washington. >> in an age where g.p.s. can track your car location and you can view your house through online mapping the active head of the national transportation safety board admits it seems old-fashioned. >> when a flight cannot be located incredulous public asks how can they possibly lose an entire airplane. >> making major upgrades to tracking technology is complicated. >> introducing new technology into a navigations system that has to track thousands of aircraft requires forethought and caution. >> reporter: the n.t.s.b. gathered experts to brainstorm better ways to attract plains. it was a time during which technology made major advancements. among the proposals upgraded tracking of planes in the air.
imprinting of plane's locations on messages sent from the cockpit. extending the recording to 20 hours, up from one or two hours. increasing the battery life of the black box pinger and some aviation experts say the best way to find out what is happening on a plane - stream the black box data during the flight so valuable information doesn't go down during the plane. >> there's no reason with the technology we have today, that we can't have streaming data and it shows a lack of what it takes to do an underwater search. the difference between knowing whether the plane was airborne for one or two minutes, is the difference for searching for a month or two and a half. >> planes that crash on land are easier to locate it's the planes disappearing over ocean that pose the biggest problems. there has been no sign of malaysia airlines flight mh17 which disappeared last march and believed to be in the indian
ocean. it took two years to find the black box of an air france night. a painfully long search that experts say could be avoided with improvements in technology. >> pilot and aviation analyst kyle bailey joins us and i assume the airlines - it's too expensive for them to deploy the technology. is it prohibitively expensive for airlines? >> it's data. pinging, it's expensive, multiple that times the number in the streets. once regulation passes they'll be forced to do it. it's most possibly is a cost thing. >> they knew that there was bad weather en route. it's the captains decision to take off. is it unusual to thing an hour
in we may face bad weather. >> the captain has the authority of the airlines. in this are, monsoon season they do this all the time. it's a way of life. you may have an hour and a half flight. you basically pick the way through the thunder storms. it works out perfectly in most cases, this is probably a one in a million turn out. how much of a factor might have been a decision by air traffic control to say "you can't fly higher or increase your altitude because of other traffic in the area", what are the other options to chart another course around in the weather? >> the captain should have declared an emergency. he is responsible for the passengers saying "i'm climbing to 38,000 feet" and air traffic control doing what they need to. they are doing protocols, more
of the blame is on the pilot for not taking - doing what he has to do to keep the passengers in the airplane safe. >> describe what happens if you can't get away from the weather, is the plane too fast too slow and it stalls what are the challenges that a pilot faces. >> climbing above is the last thing to do. usually you make a left or right turn and descend. once you bet up the upper envelope the operating limits of the aeroplane, it's a controllability issue. you are not at the upper end, suppose you have to go through diff storms what are the biggest challenges for a pilot. >> up drafts down drafts hail lightening, and you have in simple terms, the margin from being too fast or too slow normally is several hundred knots, and it could shrink it down to 10 or 20 knots. >> that is because of the physics and pressure on the
aircraft in the wings. >> exactly. >> and the density in the air and operating limits. as you get up there, you approach the upper limits. >> because this is an a320. a little smaller aircraft than some of the jumbo aircraft, does that complicate the search? >> no not really. with mh370, they had a satellite communication system. the a320 is a domestic aircraft and i'm not sure and i don't believe it had a sat come in it similar to mh370. that piece of data may not exist as they try to recreate the aircraft. you mentioned that the airline has a stellar record. >> that's correct. >> it will be interesting what it had on board, if it had the sat come capabilities. that would be helpful.
>> thank you for coming on. we appreciate it. >> tonight in the adriatic sea near greece there are questions about how many died in a ferry fire. officials report 10 dead some passengers listed on the manifest are missing. it's not clear whether the ship records are wrong or the death toll is wrong. simon mcgregor-wood reports. >> the last of the passengers was airlifted from the ferry on monday. 36 hours after the fire first took hold. the italian and greek helicopters worked a shuttle system hovering above the ship winching passengers from the upper decks. they were taken to safety on nearby vessels. there's confusion over the totals rescued. it appears to be lower than the numbers on the ship's manifest of 478. this led to some speculation that some people are still
missing. >> the fact is that among the people rescued there are some names not on the manifest. at this point we need to review all those on the trip. earlier on monday. 49 passengers were transferred. ex-ousted and cold. a number needed children. most needed transport. some described chaotic scenes when the crisis first started. >> no one tell us what to do. i had to look for myself to find life jackets. i had to put it on the kids. no one was there. okay, it was a panic, it was crazy. >> we had to jump into a boat and we were about three hours in the sea because there was - it was very very unbelievably
wavy. ropes broke lots of times, we did 2-3 attempts to get up on the boat and we had to go up a rope ladder. >> the italian navy and the coast guard say given the intensity of the fire on board. appalling weather conditions and that people spent so long exposed to the elements on the upper decks, it's a surprise more were not seriously injured, and for now at least the number of fatalities appears to be relatively low. dispute that the italian authorities had started a criminal investigation and specialist teams continued to search the stricken vessel's lower techs in case other bodies were there. >> a number of passengers arrived in greece. many were at sea, waiting to be brought ashore. the ferry will be toed to an italian port so a proper
investigation can start in scotland a british healthcare worker has been treated for ebola. the aid worker returned from sierra leone where she was helping to treat ebola patient. sierra leone has been hit hard by the outbreak accounting for half of the ebola cases in west africa. >> in afghanistan it has taken 24 hours for the taliban to declare victory over the united states and n.a.t.o. the declaration coming a day after the u.s. and unit forces ended a combat role. fighting in southern helmand province claimed the lives of four afghan soldiers. >> as america's longest war is drawing to a close, the obama is pinning its hopes on afghan security forces even as a resurgent taliban is already claiming victory. >> 13 years after the
september 11th attacks, most troops leaving afghanistan will never return. president obama who pledged to end the wars say the original mission has been accomplished. >> because of the extraordinary service of the men and women in the american armed forces afghanistan has a chance to rebuild its own country. >> reporter: the taliban responded with a statement declaring victory, labelling the ceremony as a clear indication of its defeat and disappointment. the taliban were ramping up attacks, killing 3200 civilians and 4600 afghan army and police in 2014. the pentagon argues unlike in iraq u.s.-trained afghan troops have not cut and run. >> afghan security forces and police reacted bravely. they have not had a strategic
impact on the transition. >> the taliban succeeded in re-establishing in areas previously cleared. notably in the provinces where the british battled the taliban. >> the gains will have to be done with less help from n.a.t.o. the weekend handover ceremony marked the move to a smaller training system dubbed resident support. >> that will provide 12,500 to 13,500 n.a.t.o. forces including 5,000 american troops to back up the 350,000 strong afghan security forces as they take on taliban and al qaeda insurgents. >> after 13 years, hundreds of millions, and more than 22 lives lost it's not that the u.s. won, but it is done with afghanistan. some of the troops staying
behind will have an unspecified terrorism mission. >> jamie mcintyre reporting from the white house. a new york congressman that pleaded guilty to tax evasion decided to resign. republican michael grim won re-election after being under an indictment. and after reaching a deal last week, he said he would continue to serve. he changed his mind after speaking to republican house speaker john boehner. an announcement is expected tomorrow. he'll be sentenced in june and could receive up to three years in prison. >> republican house majority member spoke at a gathering of white nationalists. the congressman insists that he did not know the audience was a hate group. they were founded by former klu
klux klan leader david duke. he denies being involved with the group or supporting it. he spoke with them when he was a louisiana state representative. >> coming up president obama infuriated republicans by taking action on immigration reform and addressed their concerns. plus worldwide support for our al jazeera colleagues gaoled in egypt now for a year.
would respond to republicans who say concerns over the executive order are not being addressed. >> the problem is what are the cop sense, how is -- concerns how is it that i'm not addressing them. if the concern is border security, we have more border security police and money spent at the borders than any time in the last 30 years. if the concern is the flow of illegal workers in the country, that is halfer than it was, and lower than any time in the 1970s. you have to describe specifically what are the concerns that you have got. >> in many ways the crisis in the u.s. border and the inaction by congress forced the president's hand on immigration reform. thousands of migrants pored into the united states many unaccompanied children. jennifer london has more.
>> a desperate crossing an angry protest and a summer on the u.s.-mexico border that put immigration back in the headlines. >> shouldn't have been put here in the first place. >> before protesters crossed busloads, more than 500 miles to the south-east a surge in unaccompanied minors crossing the boarder has begun. it was these photos that touched off a national debate. >> you have children all over the place. still sleeping on the floor. >> as politicians and immigration officials squabbled how to handle the crisis jim gill greste surveyed his options from a former outpost of the minute men. >> it was one of the best observation points. >> in 2004 gilchrist called up
modern day mint man, hundreds came to watch. sometimes they were armed, and dangerous. he announced a new d-day, may 1st, 2015. >> 535 members of the u.s. house of the u.s. senate who for whatever reason have recklessly disregarded and ignored enforcing the law and protecting these borders. >> the new immigration crisis didn't just remind america of a poor border it exposed a back lock of immigration cases waiting to be heard in court, like 17-year-old jose. he asked us not to use his last name tore show his face. he like thousands of others found them crossing into the u.s. illegally. jose is one step ahead - he has an attorney and hope.
>> i pray to god everything goes well. >> when jose and thousands of other migrant children are given a court date this is where they'll have to appear. cameras are not allowed to record the proceedings, but we wanted you to have a chance to see inside. no bigger than a large option immigration court is intimate. this is where the judge sits and next to the judge, a translator. this is where the attorney for the government sits. and this table - for the fortunate few like jose, they'll have o an attorney most will sit at this stable alone. their feet don't reach the floor. >> represented or not, it can take years for a case to wind its way through the court system which is why 2014 saw the rebirth of the sanctuary movement. undocumented immigrants taking refuge in the church. how long are you prepared to stay in the church.
>> i have no idea how long it will be. i have no options. >> he ended up living in the church, separated from his family for 94 das before immigration -- days before immigration official decided to drop the case. his story, and others highlight the desperate measures undocumented immigrants have been willing to take as they wait for washington. >> in late november after six years in office the president took executive action to jumpstart immigration reform. >> are we a nation that tolerates the system where workers that pick our fruit and make our beds never have a chance to get right with the law. >> president obama, like immigration rights advocates got a win. 5 million migrants deferred action on deportations as they seek residency. it places more enforcement resources on the border. a move that shifted the debate
from the south-west to capitol hill. >> coming up next - there are clues this hour about the fate of that missing airasia jetliner a live report from indonesia plus the chinese efforts to block their own citizens from using gmail. we bring you the latest on what the chinese government is most afraid of.
welcome back to al jazeera america. coming up, most of the passengers from the missing airasia were from surabaya. we have a live report from there, and what the families are told just ahead autopsy release. we learn more from a controversial report and the protests 2014 was a big year for legalized marijuana - successes and failures of pot business in colorado. up next. back to the top story, the
search for airasia qz8501. investigators are checking reports of smoke, oil slicks and debris for any sign of the missing airliner. scott heidler is with us from indonesia. you are in the area where most of the victim's families are living. what are they told about how things stand today? >> yes, when we spoke last there was a live video stream from the headquarters for the search and rescue operation in jakarta to the family members here at the airport where the aircraft took off. there'll be a briefing. it's going on most likely what was told to the family members is told to the media now. no, we are not expecting major revelations. as you hinted at - there has been sightings of different things, smoke, an oil slick and debris. these are things we'll expect over the coming hours and days
until there's definitive proof of the aircraft. that's because there are so many eyeballs from the sea, the sky. the united states has been involved now. south korea is going to be involved. china, so many different eyeballs on it. anything on the sea that could be anything related to the aircraft will be investigated. that's why we are getting a lot of reports. they are incorporating fishermen, one in particular who said he heard something on sunday morning, early, early hours around the area where the aircraft will be. any and all leads are being vetted. >> a lot of analysts are drawing attention to the weather suggesting it had to have something to do with this. i wonder if you can explain what the weather was like when the aircraft disappeared. >> yes, there were strong storm systems around that area in the
java sea. and the pilot of this aircraft asked - radioed to air traffic control requesting that he wanted to go up to 38,000 feet. this was to avoid a cloud, a thunder head if you will. there was discussion in air traffic control, because they had to wait for traffic or move traffic because of other aircraft. it wasn't immediately granted. that's when it dropped off radar. there had been storms but when you look at the sophistication of modern airliners, it was a couple of years old. they can handle weather systems like this. it's still possible that this could play a factor in it those answers are so well down the line because we have no physical proof. once they find where it went down, they have to evaluate the reporters. a lot of speculation or focus is on the weather. early sunday morning. frankly, there's no other
possible explanation of these early stages. >> as far as the weather, it looks like it was nice where you are. it's proceed good in terms of visual degree or wreckage. absolutely, so far today it is clear, that would be good for the aircraft in the skies, and the ships on the sea. we know there's a front coming in later. that may change. they had a solid several hours. they were out in the sky, 6am local time. as soon as day broke, they had been out there for hours. if they'd seen anything or heard anything. they probably had a couple more hours before the system moved in even where there's weather. they'll continue with search and rescue. scott heidler reporting live from surabaya thank you
thereindications that china is cracking down on google's email service. gmail has been down for many users since friday. others have been blocked since june. china's fire wall is to blame. melissa chan explains. >> it's important to point out that gmail was blocked in china. getting to the major page and signing in was a problem. the latest develop was to do with the work around many have done, in order to access their gmail account. they are using third party gmail, such as apple mail and microsoft outlook. that has not been a problem until now. what china has done is close a major loophole in china, we have to put this into context, into the greater context of what has been happening on the internet. it's become the new battlefield. we saw this with the sony film
"the interview," and we know that china has gone after google, the search engine is blocked. it's getting impossible to anticipate which services will be blocked in that country. imagine as a foreign business person trying to decide where to use box drop or skype conferencing, when you don't know it will be unimaginable, no idea no warning. as we shift to cloud-based services it will be a major problem for anyone doing business with china. that's a lot of companies. there are new details about the death of an unarmed black man shot and killed by police in los angeles. adele ford was shot in august. his autopsy report released today. the latest questions about police transparency paul beban has more.
adele ford was killed august 11th, two days after michael brown was shot in ferguson, missouri. that prompted national protests and calls for police reforms. in last a there has been many demonstrations and rallies, and acknowledger and frustration mounted over the secrecy surrounding the investigation. >> it's been more than 4 months since los angeles police officers killed azelle ford for the first time details about the 25-year-old man's wounds have been made public. the autopsy report shows three shots hit ford one in the right arm, one in the right side. the other the hit ford at the side of his back fired so close it left a muzzle imprint on the skin fitting with l.a.p.d.'s version, a scuffle leading to ford trying to grab an officer's gun. a second fired two shots, the officer on the ground under him
reached around with a back up weapon, and fired into his back at point blank range. >> there is nothing in the coroner's report that is inconsistent with the statement given by the officers. a witness disputes that account and how the fatal encounter began was murky. police say he was walking home when the two officers stopped to talk to him. >> according to the officers he made movements regarded as suspicious. >> at that point ford tackled an officer. the l.a.p.d. is looking for witnesses and the autopsy results were held back out of concerns for tainting evidence. the mayor ordered the outop si bereleased. the inspector general and district attorney are conducting inquiries into whether ford's death violated policies.
the investigation is far from over. >> let the system work. we will find out the truth of what happened on that august night. >> these new developments in the ford case come of course at a volatile national moment over police conduct and safety. l.a.p.d. cruiser was shot at sunday night, two officers were killed in new york. relatives say he was harmless and they filed a 75 million wrongful death suit against the l.a. pd. >> new york city mayor bill de blasio will meet with police union leaders in an effort to resolve tensions between them. the mayor was booed at graduation ceremonies. >> the mayor of the city of new york, the honourable bill de blasio the mayor continued with his address, vowing to invest millions to keep police officers
safe after two police officers a week ago were killed on the job. >> we'll be investing in you, we'll invest in you because it's the right thing to do because we need you, we believe you, we know this investment is worthy and we'll work every day to deepen your relationship with the communities you serve, for the safety of all, for the betterment of all. >> the ceremony came two days after the funeral of an officer shot and killed by a gunman. hundreds of officers turned their backs on a screen playing mayor bill de blasio's eulogy. jamilla jamilla, thank you for being with us. what needs to be said? >> i think it's time for bill de blasio to stand up for himself and to say firmly that he has been in support of police. he asked for protests to stop
for the antipolice brutalities to stand down and leave the streets for a few days. >> they chose not to do that. what the protests did not do date diplomat. >> i wonder if the police union is overplaying its hand. the mayor was elected with 72% of the vote. >> i think the police are losing favour with the citizens it had in its corner. this is a person that we chose to lead the city, and he chose commissioner bratton to lead the police. we didn't vote for the officers or people that turned their back on elected officials and made this about them. we heard so little about rafael ramos on the day of his funeral. every news story was dominated by stories of what happened at the protest. it was terribly inappropriate and disrespectful to our mayor. >> the behaviour of a ferguson
police spokesman, quoted as saying the michael brown memorial was a pile of trash. do they not understand the sense tisties. >> they are completely insensitive. it has driven their behaviour. with the news cycle and placed on officer involved killings we are seeing police officials and union speaks people conducting themselves as if they were our leaders, it's worth mentioning the person fired from the st louis country place department sat on the board of the charity to support darren wilson after he killed michael brown. >> the autopsy that paul beban reported on came out. the fact that it took so long for the police to release this and it shows that a couple of
shots were fired at close range. what do you make of the case? >> it's difficult for a person to have any faith in the word of any of these major police departments. it's not really major, it's a major police department. i don't think the l a.p. d is the word. i don't take the ny pd at their word. we saw them lie, we saw officers not indicted for cases that we watched play out on social media and on camera. i think this information coming out now, after months of agony for the community and people who marched in support, michael brown and the other victims of police brutality, to have this coming out, it's going to energize people. people are not going to forget did not seem like he had to die. this is a mentally challenged person, someone that did not
pose a challenge to police. he attacked me jumped on me. it doesn't make sense. >> do you see this as institutional racism in the police departments or is it isolated to cases where it is somebody who may have a weapon or some place where police have a dangerous situation that they think they are walking into. >> they are situations for police officers that are dangerous. there are black men that pose a threat to the lives of police. more often than not i am of the opinion that that is not the case. i gain. the idea that we are always a threat to police it's not just black men or women, in the case of tamir rice it was a black child. it was easily believed to be a threat to people when we are armed, and when we are not. more often than not. we have people who are not armed. i think that it speaks to institutional system and racism. i doubt most of the officers can
look you in the eye. many have black forehands and colleagues, but they have a deep-seated bias against the people that they are charged with serving and protecting. in some cases they kill. >> a digital editor for "ebbiony." thank you for coming on it's been a year since our three al jazeera colleagues were detained in egupt. we'll hear from their families waiting for them to come home.
colorado's first year of legal pot. >> january 1st, 2014 8am, green wednesday in denver colorado. thousands stood for hours in freezing temperatures to celebrate a moment many compare toed end of prohibition. >> i've been waiting 22 years. >> fast-forward a year to the day later, things look different in this same parking lot. because of basic economics 101 - marijuana supply exceeded the demand. in colorado marijuana is now as easy to by as a beer. places like denver's antique row are squeezed out to make room for what looks like the green mile. >> it raised the property values, to people's houses and the neighbours are great and we have a good rapport. >> legal we'd created 10,000 jobs bringing in there 10 million from dams licences and fees.
a good portion is coming from a new kind of tourism. a post poll reveals most of the coloradoans are happy with it. few teens thinks it's risky. >> it's hard to believe that it will not trickle down to kids. the law professor speaks in denver which is adding a blahs representing the client. coming and giving colorado an a. >> i think there weren't huge terrible headlines or real catastrophes that people warned about. >> the question of how to regulate and package marijuana edibles so consumers can tell the difference between what is pot and what is not is a challenge. and ha to do with all that money coming in. this is the safe. >> this is the safe.
banks do not want to touch marijuana cash because though pot is legal under state law, to the federal government which regulates the banks, it's as illegal as heroin. >> there are plenty of dispensaries operating without a banking relationship. basically they are putting it in their mattresses. >> 2014 end with a college, nebraska and oklahoma suing nebraska arguing that state legalized marijuana is spilling across their borders, muddying federal laws. >> it is a step back. something that the folks at the attorney-general's office are looking at. it may be something that gives us clarity. the world is watching colorado's victories and stumbles. voters in alaska oregon and d.c. gave the green light. they'll use the green blueprint
moving forward. >> marijuana use increased in colorado. it's not the top pot-smoking state. rhode island is the state. and then colorado according to a survey by national drug use and health alison was the author of initiative 502 and joins us. marijuana was introduced and legalized in seattle. how has it been going, what are the successes and failures? >> it's been going well. washington was a little slow are than colorado to get started. colorado had a regulated system for medical marijuana. washington didn't see the first retail stores open until july the 8th. >> what were the lessons that washington state took from colorado? >> one of things that we did is
take it nice and slow when it came to adopting regulations, especially regarding edibles. be learnt from some of the trips in colorado and made sure that our regulations addressed whom onlionisation so you weren't getting one bite of the cookie that was not stronger labelling how much t.h.c. people were getting or what a dose was. that is important in terms of consumer safety and information. >> it's important for folks to know that the food and drug administration does not regulate the quality of marijuana. is there a classification that washington or colorado have come up with to let people know what we are getting. >> what they have done well is to adopt a comprehensive set of regulations addressing how the marijuana is grown. whether or not the marijuana has
any mould or fungus in it. it has to be examined by third party laboratories and certified. and the labelling that the marijuana has on the packaging gives consumers information about how strong it is how much t.h.c. is there, will it knock you back and make you want to take a nap or will you continue to converse with your friends in a social setting. >> it's remarkable that in the absence of having federal guidance or rules handed to us by the f.d.a. the two states created the systems for themselves, and they put public safety and help at the forefront. >> any fears about the public safety and help of teenagers, fewer teens think marijuana is as risky a drug as thought. it's largely because marijuana is legalized. >> you know i don't know that it's just because marijuana is
legalized that teens have this attitude. they have started to reflect the perception in surveys going back a few years as more information was shared about the risks of marijuana and alcohol. it's a tricky conversation. what we boept want to say is objectively marijuana may be safer than alcohol, and have it heard as marijuana is safe. especially for young developing brains, the risk is greater. what adults need to do is step forward and say let's have a conversation about what the real risks are, and why it's a good idea for you to wait before you are an adult. here are some of the warping signs you should be aware of in case you develop problems slip in school. we need to reflect the young people and raise them to make good decisions. >> alison thank you for coming on the programme. >> thank you for having me david. >> coming up next - three of our
one year ago today three al jazeera journalists were imprisoned in prison. tonight they are behind bars. peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed were charged with spreading false news. abdullah al-shami was released in june after being held without charges for 10 months. he described the companies of his captivity today. >> if i may use that expression it's like a once in a lift experience. because you are denied basic human rights. you don't get to see relatives except once in a week. in my colleague's case once every two weeks. there's no medical care or free time for them to go around or do whatever they could think about,
and the conditions in which any prisoner in egypt - that applies to my colleagues miserable. what it looked like. the hygiene, everything related to normal human conditions. >> andrew simmonds has a closer look at the journalist, the arrests and the fight for freedom. >> reporter: al jazeera's doha news center marking an anniversary staff here and the rest of the world find hard to absorb. it's a year since a phone call to the newsdesk reporting the arrest of the journalists in cairo, and then 12 months behind bars for doing their job. across the world there were newsroom vigils and protests outside the embassies. the trial failed to come up with
evidence. all the charges against correspondent peter greste bureau chief mohamed fadel fahmy and producer baher mohamed were false. baher mohamed's wife speaking from egypt expressed desperation. >> my life is wrecked, so are the lives of our children. the head of our family has been imprisoned for a year for no justification of a crime. >> peter greste's parents spent christmas day in egypt, getting an hour and a half to visit their son. >> he is amazing the way he's been able to draw pop his reserves of resilience and strength and, in fact inspire us all to carry on because as we all know this has been a very, very long struggle. >> it's a struggle that will carry on from journalists in other campaigns.
>> i think a lot of journalists and people - they have been appalled at the spectre of people doing their job in a diligent fashion, who ended up in prison we hoped for a few days a few weeks, and now it's a whole year. >> it's been a year that saw protests spread around the world. the hashtag free aj staff went viral, was not just journalists world leaders added their voices. >> we have been clear publicly and privately that they should be released al jazeera maintained its public campaign. >> we work in different places and should be taken as a professional media institution, not as a part of a political or ideological or any other
establishment. >> egypt's president abdul fatah al-sisi insisted it was an issue for the courts. their appeals process is due to start this week. what has been going on behind the scenes is less clear. president abdul fatah al-sisi suggested that he would have preferred to have had the journalists deported. perhaps a sign that he was aware of the damage this case was doing to egypt's reputation. as 2014 comes to an end, al jazeera's team remains in gaol having committed no crimes. the u.s. continued to call for the release of the journalists. the state department said all journalist should be able to do their jobs free of intimidation. samantha power tweeted:
now our picture of the day, an image of our three colleagues gaoled in egypt for one full year today. i'm david shuster in new york. up next our special report "journalism is not a crime." >> when lives hang in the balance. journalists are there. but right now, journalism is under attack. tonight we're taking an in depth look at the assaults on press freedoms worldwide. our special report: journalism is not a crime. >> good evening everyone, i'm john siegenthaler in new york. this has been a year of unrest around the world. from the mid