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tv   Listening Post  Al Jazeera  January 4, 2015 7:00am-7:31am EST

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understood. if successful, the program could be repeated across bangladesh and in other countries too giving hope to people where cholera still thrives. richard gizbert hello, i'm richard gizbert, and
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you are watching a special edition of "the listening post." much of the news in 2014 looks back. we'll start 2015 looking forward, and where some of the big stories involving media and journalism are going. china - the emerging super power is fine-tuning a global media machine, a key tool. 18 months in the story of edward snowden versus the n.s.a. journalists changing the way they do business. more and more encysting communications. and the muss outlets are going -- news outlets are going mobile. 2015 saw more news companies aiming the content away from the television and at the handset. we start in russia entering the new year in a geopolitical minefield in ukraine. airwaves over eastern europe are thick with national rhetoric in kiev and russian media outlets that reported critically on
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vladimir putin's policies are paying the price. the kremlin is bulking up media weaponry, and spending a lot of roubles doing it. a new law restricting ownership by foreigners is under way. more will be under ownership of russians. russia and its media are heading into an eventful 2015. russia spent much of 2014 in the headlines, one was the news media working under its watch the the crisis in ukraine was in the early stages when a radio station, the country's popular news website, had their editors replaced by journalist with connections. the independent media television provided critical coverage of ukraine and was dumped by russian cable carriers losing
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90% of viewers. foreign owned media outlets saw rules change through a new law limiting foreign ownership to 25%, it was drawn up for a financial paper owned by dow jones and 'financial times' - known for the tough coverage and the oligarchs. >> translation: that law really does have a direct implication for us. it was quickly without discussion without sufficient justification. it's an impression that it's not good for foreigners. there has been a year of condemnation. politically expedient moment was chosen for the introduction of the law. it is clear that the limits imposed on the capital speaks to the political conserves of the kremlin. they have the money by foreign
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investigators on russian hands the kremlin has its own media ambitions, a newsagency founded by presidential decree and headed by a polarizing figure. two months ago the international multi media platform spud nick was lunched. the aim was to counter what was called the global media's anti-russian bias. >> they are focussed on an international audience. i think they have more to do with the deterioration for the swrgsal situation. this is really part of the state's policy. the state has to be better at its policies to an international awed i don't knows. >> in many ways that has been the goal to establish the
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presence of russian media, giving structure in the media empire. russia beyond the headlines is part of that push. it's paid supplements appearing in newspapers line "the washington post" and the "new york times", and while it's partly funded by the russian government its media objectives are much like the kremlins. >> we are pushing russian political agenda. we are trying to report more to shed light on the stories that don't get enough courage. we are trying to build the bridges for the foreign audiences. >> we want to close the gap. we understand that foreign audience and modern foreign audience is reading, watching listening to all sorts of content on the platform that's why we have to be there to tell
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them more about russia however, the centrepiece of the soft-power media push. 2014 saw it gate boost in funding and it spun off a new channel for british audiences. rtuk has been warned by the media regulators in britain for its biased coverage. >> it has been successful in trying to determine gaps in the western discourse. between the acts of government and countries. they do not have its own agenda it's not clear what it stands for and what interest it represents. it's difficult to pin town and it's mobile. in its views, it speaks to a left-wing audience, but conservative at the same time and i think it's a reason why people might be interested in
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the channel with russia facing a rouble crunch and economic troubles at home, related to confrontations with the west the stakes in the war are high. you can expect that the big battle in 2015 will continue to be over the future and the story of ukraine. >> what we see now is that everyone - i'm talking about everywhere - russians americans, europeans - everyone is sort of wearing cold war goggles now. it's bad for the communication between nations. so what we are trying to do and guess all other media has to do is show more of the shades of the situation, to provide more context, and to ask relevant questions, get to the route of the situation, to get to the core of the conflict. >> the most dangerous thing that happened this year in the russian media is not the
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neutralization of the media, but the seeds sown among the people. for political reasons russian state media spent all year appealing to people's emotions eliciting hatred and anger, particularly at the moments connected to crimea and ukraine. the reach and influence of broadcast tv and media controlled by the state is vast alongside news outlets. no one can stand up to the state propaganda regime.
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in sheer scale, the number of news outlets, the numbers of citizens line there's no media story like china. 2015 sees xi jinping's second full year at the helm of the people's republic and is implementing major reforms.
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there's a tough, high profile antigraph campaign under way and some journalists are among those accused of taking bribes in return for favourable news coverage. the authorities are trying to massage their own image among the web users, spreading positive messages about the party online. the fire wall is there. a few days ago it was reported that the email service was blocked. for foreign outlets not much has changed. the "the listening post" reports on what we can expect from the biggest media market in the year ahead. >> reporter: when a president xi jinping's - one of his policies has been the chinese dream concept. a policy push that he wants chinese media to participate in. to quote - spread positive energy to create a harmonious society. there was a lot of things that
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happened in the media industry in china in the past year. definitely they tried a deal with a reaction not just from the media, the foreign media or the social media. >> very high-profile and influential with bloggers film-makers, writers in beijing trying to coopt some of the popular. hoping that these people are the leaders on the internet and what they say and the position they take is influential. >> beijing's aggressive anticorruption drive of 2014 targeted not just politicians, but journalists as well. a number of reporters on financial website were arrested amid accusations that they took money from company in return for
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positive stories. c c.t.v. - the country's largest state-owned outlet was hit hard too. among those under investigation, were prominent tv hosts - his boss at the network financial news site. >> some say it is creating a chilling effect. we go to silence, more liberal leanings. i think it shows that the problem with chinese media - they are in pursuit of the truth. >> reporter: according to the u.s.-based media outlet 44 journalist were put behind bars in 2014. some interrogations and arrests
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took place in public. a veteran journalist was put on air where she confessed to leaking foreign secrets. that was followed by a freelance journalist who said he made up facts for stories provided to foreign websites. beijing has different methods to manage and control the foreign media. journalists with the "new york times", and reuters struggled to get these in. it is blocked in the country. xi jinping is not mincing words. he said that journalists need to obey china's laws. >> it continued to be a difficult year. the people communist made the "new york times" as sort of a case study. and the title for the commentary
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is to damage it to the word and to the society. it was for the first time. it was pecked up one single foreign media organization writing a lengthy peace to explain how bad the n.y.p.d. is. it sends a signal that the problem between nyt and all media organizations like nyt continued. >> reporter: events in hong kong made headlines around the world. the story was downplayed and beijing accused of coverage. in hong kong's media as well. 2015 a year for china to hear the global ambitions. and its campaign to prevent the
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counter. it seems as a push to the foreign media. >>est to regain main control would intensify in the year to come. and again it's not just about suppressing certain information. there would be even more sophisticated effort trying to promote the kind of information that they think would bepositive. >> 2015 some interesting years for us to see how fast the chinese media organization is to expand. how it's hiring it in africa or hong kong. how they can expand the influence. and xi jinping, the official
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newsagency did a lot of things like a facebook and tweet. it was an effort to improve the image of china. china has intelligence m.s. t, f.s.b. and u.s. has the fbi, and c.i.a. if there's one thing that edward snowden taught journalists when he leaked the n.s.a. file is in the age of mass surveillance reporters face challenges to shield their work and protect sources. governments around the world harvest quantities of mega-data. intercepting and eavesdropping. and bolt collecting phone records. the implications are serious. the consequences for investigative journalism ruinous. in order to produce adversarial reporting, journalist learnt
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that becoming more tech savvy is part of the job distribution. now within digital security and how it should be at the top of the journalistic agenda. >> reporter: when edward snowden first contacted journalist glenn greenwald to go public about the n.s.a. programme. one of the first demand was to secure their communication. what followed was a crash course in encryption. for greenwald and his company, it was an a first. >> this is a reason a cyber threat, a reason people don't take it seriously enough because you don't know when you are being spied on. >> when journalists are aware that they were targets for surveillance, many were not thinking about security and privacy for long. we are starting to see a
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maturity journalists are understanding what security measures are needed. >> crucial to the governments who are convincing journalists about the security. there's no way to protect data or information if we don't learn this security. >> reporter: in the 18 months sense the edward snowden revelations more journalists are using updetectable web process us and encryption programs. it's catching on. many offer secure drop a dropbox allowing forces to submit confidential documents and data. there's a significant amount of work to be done by media organizations. >> individual journalists that i know particularly those that report on the national security have really been impressive in terms of operational security
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measures secure communication tools. i think that media organizations as conglomerates are really not moving as quickly. >> it would be irresponsible for a news organization or a journalist to guarantee that they could keep the communications private. basically the hardware is vulnerable to surveillance implants. >> we are living in a big brother report. the edward snowden revelations blew the whistle. but the trend is not limited to those countries. during the arab spring a moroccan group was targeted by its own government. the journalist is the press. many are victims of the attack alleged to be the work of the government. in turkey major cyber attacks compromised the websites.
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in the digital world, there's no safe distance and esat based in the d.c. area accuses the government of hacking into its systems. >> there's a lot of companies that sprung up that sell the capability to countries that they don't have a silicon valley. they find it desirable and have money. there's a flow of equipment from the u.s. and europe to the middle east for sure. >> there's a lot of cases, a case of syria. there are a lot of cases of online provocations threats and defamations, facebook. >> reporter: where is the story going. they are trained to follow the
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money. news budgets are sinking. it is just a cot of doing journalistic measures. surveillance is a growth industry. with "the washington post" reporting that the u.s. government is reporting 11 billion, news organizations have a fight on their hands, a fight they cannot afford to lose.
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ever since the advent of the printing press, the past few years tells us that mobile in the hands of people are just as powerful. conventional news is struggling with the process, they need to adapt to keep up with the devices in the pocket and i way it's used. it used to be a place for legacy and big name newspapers to represent their front pages
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digitally. big media needs to have a host of new line platforms to deliver stories they are interested in in the form that we want, whenever and wherever we want them. the "the listening post" in some of the shifts we are seeing in news technology and engagement and changes to come. >> translation: traditionally speaking journalists and editors find what is fit to print. consumer technology is giving news consumers the choice not just of the news they want but when where are and how they want it delivered. we in the news decide what happens. what happens is this idea that you the reader or viewer are
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closer to the con tent or the story. >> it opens up facilities and markets, it opens up challenges. in the new media eco system increasingly centered around a mobile enabled millennial market some evolved more quickly and effectively than others. >> company bles likewise buzzfeed and media attract significant revenue from a range of funds and media companies. he don't have to worry about putting a daily newspaper. their ability to sink technology with content was better. >> what they have grasped quickly is the top and the voice and the edge and how to talk to other people like them. but they also are doing some very good journalism and younger people as younger people always
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are interested in serious things. the successful digital upstarts are not lost on the legacy outlets. deep pocketed news corporations are ahead of the curve when it brought a piece of vice in 2013. >> this past year "the washington post" and the guardian launched mobile apps to help them tap into the trend. and reuters, a newsagency with 160 years history is moving with the times, introducing an app for bundling news designed to reach a new generation of mobile users. >> reuters tv a parcelized creative mobile device. it's a response to a new demographic. they use their lives, and demand
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to stay informed. >> it's your news when you want it. >> reporter: wherever you are in the news media, the future is mobile. analysts say 2015 could see the number of smartphones top the $2 billion mark globally making up over 80% of internet usage, and emerging markets like india, pakistan nigeria are looking set to knock countries like britain and the united states out of the top division of smartphone nations in the coming year. >> we are seeing a global present. there's a slew of them. we'll see more of a push into markets such as india, places in africa south america, and just more of a global presence for digital only media. >> the story with a new government more economic development attracted western
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media. buzzfeed india, "huffington post", and others are covering india in a more significant way. as a result indian audiences have more choice than they had before. that's a healthy trend. >> one of many trends to watch in the media in the year to come. that's the "the listening post" kick start for 2015. next week back to the usual format monitoring the global media, covering the coverage of new, and question dominant narrative that media outlets behaviour around the world. see you then at the "listening post". world.^ below see you then at the "listening post".
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another clue in the search for airasia flight 8501 - crews find more parts of that plane. weather continues to hamper the search plus the final tribute to a fallen policeman, thousands of police from around the nation say goodbye to the second n.y.p.d. officer gunned down in the line of duty and retaliatory measure - israel freezes money intended for the

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