s show you how the miracles of science... >> this is my selfie... what can you tell me about my future? >> can effect and surprise us... >> don't try this at home >> techknow... where technology meets humanity... only on al jazeera america >> this is al jazeera america, i'm thomas drayton in new york. let's get you caught up on the top stories this hour. hundreds of thousands march to express support for victims of the paris attacks. the french capital is on high alert ahead of a gathering expected to draw millions including top diplomats from europe meanwhile, french authorities continue the search for a fourth personlinged linked to the attack our week ahead difficulties
in combatting home-grown terrorism. thank you for being with us. it's been more than 24 hours since france was gripped by two hostage situations and the nation still is on high alert. officials are searching for the last remaining suspects in the attack. hayat boumeddiene is expected to be involved in the shooting of a parisian police officer. there's evidence she may not have been in the country at the time. tonight, the attacks in paris who it may have targeted. officials say the brothers killed on friday trained in a camp in southern yemen, and was supported in 2011. there's a heightened state of security on the streets this weekend. police and soldiers are on alert
for any and all. solidarity took place in a unity rally, and there is another scheduled for tomorrow. leaders planning to attend is british prime minister david cameron. angela merkel russia's foreign minister sergey lavrov and israel's prime minister binyamin netanyahu. a million are expected to participate. we begin with a hunt for a woman connected with the hostage crisis yesterday. we have more on that. >> reporter: hayat boumeddiene - she is the most wanted woman in europe right now. the french media reports suggest that she may be in syria. she is the 26-year-old girlfriend of amedy coulibaly, who took shoppers hostage at a kosher supermarket. it ended when police stormed the
building killing amedy coulibaly, but four hostages died. he is connected with the kouachi brothers, the suspects in the killings at satirical magazine "charlie hebdo". more than a decade ago cherif kouachi would have been among the joggers. the network named after a park trained and financed fighters for iraq. amedy coulibaly was a member. police thought the group was dismantled in 2005. amedy coulibaly was gaoled in 2010. the fact that they were known to have supported violent groups for years, is uncomfortable to say the least. >> it's difficult to tell the people we can't guarantee 100% security. you have to accept a minimum
risk. our task is to reduce the risk. >> as france comes to terms with the events of the last few days the country is on the highest possible state of alert. the government said it drafted in hundreds of troops to patrol the capital's streets. >> translation: in the current environment we are facing risks. it is important that the plan that has increased security is developed in the rest of the country and should be strengthened in the next few weeks. >> since the network met and trained in the early 2000, many went on to meet violent deaths. the kouachi brothers amedy coulibaly and two more are believed to have blown themselves up in iraq. police will have to answer tough questions? are there any that remain that may pose a threat.
are there any other groups planning similar attacks armed soldiers are patrolling the streets of paris. tensions are high as the city mourns. dana lewis has been following the story since the hit on the "charlie hebdo" offices. >> reporter: on a businessy saturday in paris we watched police rapidly shut down a main road leading from bastille square. french heading government for extreme vigilance called it in. a suspicious package on a bus stop. it's the first of many. paris on edge - we came five minutes down the five road and the police are checking out another suspicious packagement people are nervous. a lot of people government re rethink how it affects france. >> this means we'll have to be
more vigilant. make the boarders of europe will be, like stronger. >> no they just need to focus more on the people and maybe - yes, focus more and do what is needed to be done. >> more security forces are being deployed in france. the question is why intelligence took their eye off the men. the interior minister bernard cazeneuve said after the emergency meeting, they were determining whether the attackers are baht of a large extremist network. there seems little doubt. the attacks have been called sophisticated striking symbols of democracy in a wake-up call for europe. >> the french example should be
heard from london berlin or other capitals as a serious warning because these terrorists of a new kind destabilize old states and democracies because they have penetrated. not from outside, they strike inside. >> the "charlie hebdo" newspaper where 12 were gunned down lives on. now working out of liberation newspaper and under tighter security. today one of the few surviving cartoonists, working on a special edition for e -- next week spoke of his emotions. "we are trying to take care of ourselves, i am sure you'd understand if something like this happens to you ".
we are holding on. >> around the world gatherings for tolerance and unity. thousands took to the streets in dresden to protest against raise: it came in response to anti-islamic demonstrations held in the city every week for the past several months. in the city of hebron there is solidarity solidarity. demonstrators called the attack an sault on free speech. >> in san jose similar sentiment. french nationals stood side by side. the crowd sang the french national anthem. more on the attacks tonight in our deeper look segment. we explore the rise of home grown and so-called lone wolf terrorism across the globe and the difficulties in combatting such threats the al qaeda linked al nusra front is taking responsibility
for suicide attacks in lebanon. at least 7 were killed and dozens hurt. a curfew has been imposed on the neighbourhood. lebanese military are investigating the case many blaming the civil war in syria for the sectarian violence in lebanon. the peace -- the tail sections of airasia was recovered, but the black boxes are still missing. 162 people on board were killed when the plane went down two weeks ago. crash investigators have two weeks to find the black box before the battery powered signal fades two u.s. senators weighed in on the investigation against david petraeus for allegedly sharing classified information with his mistress. they said:
reports surfaced on friday that federal law enforcement officials recommended bringing charges against petraeus who resigned his post with the c.i.a. in 2013 turning to iraq the government is preparing to take on i.s.i.l. in iraq's second biggest city of mosul. it's expected to be a long fight. iraq's leaders are trying to get support from across the country, including from kurdish peshmerga fighters. we have more from mohammed adow. >> reporter: heightened activity on the front lines of northern kurdistan region. the president, and the defence minister are viewing kurdish peshmerga positions. they have made modern gains against i.s.i.l. this visit is less to do with
the victories, and more a plan to retake mosul, the second biggest city. >> the fight to liberate mosul begins soon. we'll clear our land of this scourge. the fight will be long and tedious. the men are seeking every corner in iraq. >> the president and minister for defence are keen to get the peshmerga forces support in the campaign to retake mosul from i.s.i.l. fighters. in return they are promising peshmerga more military support. >> reporter: in need of support is the militia men from mosul. they have been gathered in the camp outside for months trained to fight i.s.i.l. made up of volunteers and former police men.
a few rifles are the weapons. sunni leaders complained that the shia led government does not trust them enough and is not supporting them. there is a change in baghdad. >> translation: the government adopted a partisan approach the the ministers committed to supporting the groups. for it to continue and widen. >> reporter: promising words, not enough for some. the governor of mosul, the brother of the vice president. >> we have to take more than action. we hope we'll get the help. and we need to keep the relation with the central government. >> iraqi kurdish authorities insist they can only play a supportive role in the battle
for mosul. the peshmerga say they are threats on the ground. however, it is 90km away from erbil. the fear of an i.s.i.l. command base that is the original capital, could drive more peshmerga fighters into the battle to take control of mosul. >> the presidents of two countries dependent on oil revenues vowed to fight falling prices. hassan rouhani, iran's president accused the enemy of using crude oil as a political weapon. oil prices plunged 55% since june down to $55 a bar 'em. putting a -- barrel. putting a strain on both countries. 1.15 a gallon. that is less than 10 years ago migrants and a child and a
pregnant woman were transferred to the island of lampedusa because of concern for their medical conditions. 115,000 migrants made the journey to italy. italy launched a marine rescue programme after 350 people died in the waters. >> north korea - they offered to suspend nuclear tests in exchange for the u.s. agreeing to end drills with south korea. the white house rejected the proposal calling it an implicit threat. the u.s. and south korea joined and carried out military exercises. the state department says nuclear tests are two separate issues. a spokesperson said the u.s. is open to dialogue and nuclear tests, but urged pyongyang to reduce threats and tension first. ahead on jazz dash -- al
while violent actions by people claiming to represent a cause continues across the globe, the nature of those attacks evolve. first this report from courtney kealy. >> reporter: this week in paris, it forced authorities around the globe to admit these incidents are on the rise. in a rare speech andrew parker the director-general of mi5 said said: since 9/11 authorities continue to develop counterterrorism methods to thwart mass casualty attacks. armed conflict like iraq and syria, and disillusionment with the west incites violence. in april 2017 time warner cable and -- dzhokhar tsarnaev and
tamerlan tsarnaev detonated pressure cookers. they had been published online in an al qaeda website. a radical cleric aligned with al qaeda, and the a.q.a.p. was killed by a u.s. drone strike. his writings live on available on the internet. this was the case in france last week with the suspect in the "charlie hebdo". cherif kouachi spoke by phone with a french tv news programme before being killed by police. >> translation: we are the defenders. i cherif kouachi was trained by al qaeda. i went to yemen and anwar financed me. >> reporter: the rise of the islamic state of iraq and levant known as i.s.i.l. has seen thousands of fighters from all over the globe flock to syria and iraq. as it changes, with western involvement, recruitment for the group is on the rise and
governments fear attacks at home. like the bloody stand off that took place in sydney australia, a gunman held 10 hostage in a cafe in a 16 hour siege. at one point forcing them to hold up a black banner similar to i.s.i.l.'s and others that has the sher harda, the muslim declaration of faith written in arabic calligraphy. three, including the gunman were killed. >> you don't have a chance to identify them until we do the preparatory work because you use surveillance they'll probably do a few dry runs. >> reporter: law enforce. can't stop someone thinking violently thoughts about identifying future people undertaking the attacks is difficult france has the second largest muslim population in western europe making up 7.5%
of the country. most come from north africa, algeria algeria. muslims and france condemned the attacks, many report a double standard in french society, where the government bans religious symbols in schools, but defend what the community sees as religious hate speech and others point out double standard in the global community. the same danish newspaper that created an uproar for publishing pictures of prophet muhammad, refused to run drawings in other areas.
long intimate engagement france has with the muslim world. there has been many in algeria coming to france for work. those immigrants and children and grandchildren ended up in the poor areas of france around the north, without jobs and without a feel of connection to french society. what we see in france is a strong sense of not being welcomed into the republic. it's nothing to do with religion it's a sense of exclusion, discrimination. it reminds me of what happens in ferguson, missouri, a few miles from where i'm sitting. african americans feel excluded it remind me of that. for the large number of french muslims, it's not about religion but the being treated as second-class system. >> it's about alienation and resentment. >> for the vast majority it is. resentment and alienation. >> let's talk about what we have
heard often this week the lone-wolf element. how does one become radicalized? >> it depends where you are talking about, who you are talking about. we have seen an increased volume of lone wolf or wolf pack incidents - small groups - we use wolf pack of less than five as a definition. against, it's important for looking at them individually now, a common thread is violence. it is the only mean to address known or perceived grievances. when you look at the recent incidents like in canada for example, at the war of veterans you can't deny that that individual had serious mental pathology and drug addiction. you look at what happened in australia with the tragic event with the hostage situation, there you had another individual that may have had the veneer of
a religious grievance but there are under lying things. look at france in the last 72 hours. here you have a situation, from what we no and more information to come that you had two brothers home grown, self radicalized buying into the violent ideology which is the driver in some cases of violence. not so much a group affiliation, but buying into on the sunni extremist side the ethos where there's no other way to think or act, but that way. no negotiation. that could be the driver in some of these cases. not all. >> looking at the video we saw, what does that tell you from a security stand point, the actions of the men? >> from the security stand point... >> as far as training. >> there's a lot of assessment after the event, looking at the video where some experts from
law enforcement pointed out training. on the other end of the spectrum others said they exhibited a cursory amount of training. there was training practice and egress different to some other terrorist events where you can tell the assaulters they were going down in a hail of bullets. you had that. here is something consistent and usuallythey may have seen planning on the get away it follows the script after the event. the brothers obviously had no real plan and probably thought they could hide in plain sight or go underground. with the capability of french services and others that wasn't going to happen how does france stand out from other countries with regards to immigration.
>> there's what i mentioned earlier. france had the largest of muslims of any european country and great problems of separation and exclusion of the muslims from the rest of society. another thing specific about france is that it never left former colleagues it contained economic political and military engagements with colonies and protect rates. they have troops on the ground in mali. they felt the need to be involved in libya and bombing in iraq and discussed involvement in syria. this is an aspect of the problem. it means from the stand point of jihadies america is the number one enemy, maybe france is nom two. we saw this or heard it in the guy who held up the hostages in
the kosher store. he talked about - unlike the brothers - the ways in which french forces are killing brothers and sisters in iraq and syria. >> is it more complicated now we see the radicalized forces competing for power in the middle east. >> that's mr mcfadden's area. >> i would be glad to answer. the short answer is yes. some of the theory and i emphasise theory with the claim of responsibility is the operation al qaeda in the arabian peninsula. you have a competition that is vying for supremacy with the sunni extremist movements. i think it's something that could explain why a.q.a.p. was quick to gain responsibility in this operation. regardless of how that shakes out, the competition for
recruits, for being number one, for maybe making the biggest impact definitely is something of concern for allies. >> how difficult is it to track the sleeper cells? >> extraordinarily. when you talk about a bigger organization let's say al qaeda as it existed in the aftermath of 9/11, when you talk about opportunities to exploit the different things it's bigger more facilitated for intelligence services. when you have an individual or a small cell in france - that's another topic to talk about, the missed opportunity for the french service in how it handled that - it makes it extraordinarily difficult to penetrate for human sources, and then you have a situation in various countries - and we'll take france - where it has a big issue chronically for a number
of years, being able to not just find a needle in the haystack but different hay stacks. >> you feel the french overextended? i worked with the french well good capability at the local, state and national level. works well with allies and us. if the french were not at or obvious capacity i would be surprised. if you take one issue, and there's many issues. the foreign fighters numbers. official estimates as of the spring several hundred french young men had gone to syria, some to iraq. 1,000 have gone. government had estimates of 325 returning to the country. that paints a pact of following -- picture of following, tracking - how changing that is when they come home. >> what is the conversation we
should have moving forward across the world and at home. >> i'd like to pick up on radicalization and the lone wolf idea. upstream there are young french women and men radicalized. they are on the internet and radicalized that the french don't love you and they are here killing your brothers and sisters, come join us. that may be 2,000, 3,000, we don't know. the second element is radicalizition in the prison the case with one of the two brothers and the case for more. this suggests two areas of intervention one is what sustains can be made upstream for someone needing to fight or train or turning into someone that commits a violent act. what are the ways in which
community leaders, parents and teachers can be mobilized to cut short the circuit, and what will happen in prisons. are there ways to break up assemblies or intervene i don't recall on. france faces a shortage of muslim chaplains. it's not a tradition, and france is trying to train more and more people that can come in, knowing arabic and islam, trained in the prison and recognising dangers. they are two things that need to be worked on. >> i want to take a look at a tweet creating dialogue. returnered murdoch tweeted and said: he followed with a second tweet:
i want to point out news corp did not respond to our request for comment. how should a comment line this be dissected. >> well two reactions right off. the notion that muslims should somehow be responsibility as a group, as a billion people for the actions of a small handful of misguided radicals is laughable. are christians responsible for the people in central africa when it commits atrocities in the name of christianity, clearly not. are all buddhists responsible for attacks in myanmar. clearly not. it's true there's a lot to be done in the muslim community about what islam says the intricacies of islam. mark sageman, a former c.i.a. said in a book "leaderless
jihad" is europe ought to have more islamic schools to train young men and women about what islam is. the young men and women know nothing. they have not been schooled in it. a couple of terrorists on another occasion were found to carry with them islam for dumbies, they were on their way to iraq they knew nothing about the religion and felt the better bone up on something. >> that was put wonderfully, i couldn't agree with more. the statement, the word as maybe most muslims. >> i think any reasonable objective look overingly nose that most muslims wouldn't opt for violent ethos. the or part as a former practitioner in private industry working in the middle
east for many years - great privilege - there's an idea of making a monolith of where it never existed. the statement talks about africa to the middle east and the philippines. it's important to take a look at the circumstances locally, in the country and regionally. what is going on in north-east nigeria with the boko haram situation is certainly many more constant with what is going on with abu saif in the philippines, but the importance is whenever we are talking about, it's an ideology that feels a point. if you imagine in many countries, the arab spring they have two alternatives. autocratic dick datership governments -- dictatorship governments and not in between. we are not going to be able to solve that in the united states
or west but within many of the societies, increasing the transformation reformation, the longer terms is where progress will be made. >> we'll take a step back we'll leave it there. robert mcfadden. and prove senior of anthrough pollingy great to have you both with us. more ahead on al jazeera america is working to buy your dream home a dated notion. we look at why buying a house is not for everyone.
mortgage rates dipped to a low as the president announced a plan to cut mortgage costs by a percentage point, saving the average home owner $900 a year. this is as more americans are renting their property than before the great recession. some are renting because they have to. others see it as a financial
move. we have the tale of two renters. >> reporter: there are two main types of rentsers - those forced to represent, and those that believe it's their best choice. christy lost her home. the single mum of three rents a house in the suburbs of atlanta. >> i have been renting because i have to. it's not by choice but trying to recover from financial hardship. >> and this man lives in new jersey in his 20s and believes home ownership is not the symbol of financial security that it was. >> i see buying a house questionable. >> reporter: shaun and christy are faces of the decline of home ownership. ownership went up to 69", now it's lower than 65%. many would be buyers are kept on the side lines. there are other reasons some americans are renting. shaun sees home ownership as a career impediment. jobs and business is hard to
come buy. he doesn't want anything to anchor him. >> i choose the rent for the flexibility, mobility to live in different places and areas, possibly moving to another place or outside the country. >> for christy paying $1500, saving a down-payment is the greatest challenge. >> i'm paid per month, and the majority goes to represent. it hurts. i have a car page a kid in college, utilities and kids' activities, i'm barely getting by. one out of three live in rental housing. last year they spent $441 billion on rent. that may be the right choice but some worry the renters are losing out on the home ownership dream. there were riots in haiti
over failures in relation to the rebuilding after the earthquake. >> 1500 demonstrators burnt tires and threw rocks and bottles at police. they are calling for an end to the bitter stalemate over long-delayed elections. it's been five years after the quake left millions homeless. many citizens are living in squalor. >> reporter: i'm here in a community on the northern outskirts of port-au-prince. here, five years after the earthquake you see how straight the situation is for many. people living in conditions like this. this is where 10,000 people are living in makeshift housing. people that came with promises from the government of proper homes and land. they say promises that have never been fulfilled.
they are in these conditions of makeshift housing where there's no proper sanitation or schools and the security situation is fragile. this is a situation many say where they are worse off than before the quake. >> translation: we have a lot of problems here. we are without water or food. if one is sick we have to walk a long way to the nearest hospital. we don't each have electricity. >> translation: five years later we are living in the same conditions no one cares. they build us houses. most are still in camps, and you can see it here. >> translation: this is it not a good place to raise my kids. people dump trash. i don't have other options, that is why i stay.
>> reporter: for the first time ever last year the haitian government came up with a housing policy and it was seen as an admission of non-long term solutions solutions. hopes for a better life are as far away as ever. >> tomorrow night - we look at haiti's recovery. it has affected 200,000 people. acapulco mexico - a strike by teachers over security concerns and violence and gang activity. adam raney has more from acapulco. >> reporter: home schooling, but not by choice. veronica is trying to fill in as her daughter's teacher.
fatima's school closed in november due to strikes over a wave of teacher killings and kidnappings in acapulco. it's one of mexico's dangerous cities. >> translation: the gangs robbed us of safety kids can't go out to play or do outside activities like we used to when i was a child. >> reporter: fatima enjoys time with her mum. she plans to study chemistry, and it requires intensive study something she is lacking now. acapulco was one of mexico's famous resorts, but it has lost its sheens. it's not just teachers but doctors - anyone for protection money. a headmaster said a kindergarten
teacher was kidnapped and other families in the area. >> translation: they grab you and take you. they ask you for however much money you have. sometimes they ask you to be rescued, sometimes you don't come back. >> reporter: teachers have been a thorn in the government's side. teachers say they will not go back to the classroom, as state government provides better security. >> translation: the city state and federal government should be able to guarantee our safety. this is incredibly sad. it makes me cry to see my class like this - empty and filthy. how is this possible. >> state officials denied a request for an interview. thousands are missing out on their schooling. >> around 100 schools in acapulco have been shut because of the strike. you see dust and spiderwebs and you see how long it is since
students occupied the classroom. >> the four for thousands of students remains on homed. >> when al jazeera america comes back - it's a dirty job, but a lot of people want to do it. why becoming a san stayings worker is harder than you may think. the great lakes bracing for more snow. your forecast when we come back. >>if it had been higher, it'd hit us. [[vo]] and an exciting future that's closer than you think. >>go from being an air traveller to being a space traveller. >>you see it as the future. >>i see it as inevitable. [[vo]] every monday, join us for exclusive, revealing and surprising talks with the most interesting people of our time.
oil boom. >>it's a ticking time bomb. [[vo]] uncovering shocking working conditions. >>do you know what chemicals have been in that tank? [[vo]] and the deadly human cost. >>my big brother didn't wake up the next day. [[vo]] faultlines. al jazeera america's hard-hitting & >>today, they will be arrested. [[vo]] ground-breaking & >>they're firing canisters and gas at us! [[vo]] emmy award winning investigative series. 2. it 1. 0. and lift off of the rocket. d lift off of the rocket. . >> success, a space x falcon rocket lifts off. sending supplies and experiments to the international space station. the mission had a secondary goal. it was to recover a booster rocket by lappednding it on a barge.
it didn't go to plan it fell apart. rebecca stevenson, meteorologist joins us. >> the last place they want to see more snow. let me tell you. watertown. this is on the shores of lake ontario. i have video of the snow coming down. over 25.5 inches of snow measured in watertown. we have erie county with attempts and a foot of snow has fallen in this area. they are going to probably get the brunt of up to 6 inches more snow among the shore of lake erie. it's a cause of an sent. 123 car pile-up. we'll have more come in. sunday night into monday. we are watching the snow freezing drizzle taper off in sex as. this system is continuing to
take moisture up into parts of kansas indiana, illinois and you'll get wintering sleet, snow ice coming down. temperatures already freezing. overnight into the morning hours - you could have icy road. in this area highlighted in purple. this is where we expect the freezing rain to develop as the moisture meets up with the cold air. it will take a little while to warm up. >> don't put the shovel away. >> coming up next - global awards not until tomorrow but find out why two winners are online. and it's tougher to get hired as a sanitation worker in america's bigger city than to be accepted into harvard.
[ gunfire ] >> not a good site. the crunching souped of metal on -- sound of metal on metal heard on the i 94 in michigan a slippery service and low level visibility caused the chain reaction crash. 193 vehicles were involved and one fatality. about two dozen people were hospitalized new york city - thousands of trash is pictured up every day. sanitation workers is a coveted job. 93,000 applied for the privilege of carting away garbage. >> i'm a new york city sanitation worker. it's not easy to get a job. >> reporter: in fact this is one of the toughest jobs to get in new york city. this past year more than 90,000 people submitted applications to be sanitation workers.
the department only hires about 500 new workers per year. that leads to an acceptance rate of 0.54%. harvard university's acceptance rate is 5.8%. it's harder to become a sanitation worker in new york city than to get into harvard. >> i heard there were over 6,000 applicants it makes me think how hard it is to get a job. >> reporter: one reason being a sanitation worker is enticing is the pay. starting sally is low, $34,000, when you fact in overtime it averages $47,000 in the first, and after 5.5 years it drops to an average of $89,000. since new york city sanitation workers operate the 2300 snow ploughs, there's an ample
opportunity for overtime. >> when we have a big snow fall we move to 12 hour shifts they earn a lot of overtime. last winter was harsh, and people who might on average have made 75,000 are averaging more like 95,000. >> there are other perks too. 10% for night shifts. double time for sunday. 29 vacation days and limited sick days. sanitation department workers average 14.4 sick days in 2014. and that is more than police officers who also have unlimited sick days but only use 7.7 days of sick leave last year. >> they are like any strong union, they have very good pension benefits good health plans, that is true across most other city employees.
>> it's unexpected you don't know what you are walking into. you don't know what you are touching all the time. >> despite days filled with endless mounds of garbage, sanitation worker joe considers himself to be one of the luckiest men in new york. >> i tell my friends "take the test", because in 20 years - it's a great job. hollywood suffered its share of web-based leaks. last night it was hit again. the official website posted what appears to be the winners in two top categories. this set off excitement among people but it turned out the site's administrator ran the test live. the hollywood foreign press association assures the public a
random selection of titles with no connection to the actual winners. we'll find out. thank you for joining us i'm thomas drayton where are in new york. i'll be back at 11:00pm eastern, 8:00 p.m. pacific. "consider this" starts now. the deadly terror attack in paris sparks the debate over religious sensitivity and freedom of expression much does the u.s. offer military prays sending soldiers into upwinable shores. we are joint taking aim at a documentary putting our guest into the cross-hairs. i'm antonio mora welcome to "consider this", those stories and more ahead.