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tv   News  Al Jazeera  January 18, 2015 9:00am-9:31am EST

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>> libya's self declared said it will not attend u.n. talks in geneva. >> we are live in al jazeera hears in doha. hundreds of yazidis released by isil in northern iraq. joining the fight against boko haram, chad sense troops to cameroon to help combat the armed group. >> thousands rally for peace in ukraine as fighting between the army and pro-russian rebels
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intensifies in the east of the country. >> we'll begin with more breaking news out of libya where the self declared government in tripoli says it will not attend u.n. backed talks in geneva next week but is willing to negotiate if those talks are moved to libya. the rival eelected government has declared a ceasefire while the tripoli based government declared one friday. in the last three months, heavy fighting between militia's has killed 600 people. >> we are joined now from london. when we last spoke to you in the last hour, we talked about the problems that have beset libya right now. i suppose this is a testament to those problems when we hear that one of the self-declared ghosts
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said it is not going to take part in the talks if they're in geneva. what do you make of that? >> on the one hand, yes this is the g.n.c. attempt to go reject and scuttle the geneva talks yet on the other hand, it's more complex than you're news story presented, because the g.n.c. is not the self declared government of tripoli. it's libya dawn, which is a coalition of militia's and local councils that has power in western libya. it's libya dawn that in august took over the airport conged tripoli and kicked out the militia. the g.n.c., the former parliament was only ream posed because of libya dawn militia and local council power. if members of libya dawn and the important local councils that make it up are willing to go to geneva and to promote the talks it doesn't really matter if the
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g.n.c. is against it. it is an irbody that is not legitimate. it isn't even a self-declared government so by not following along with what it's prettyical patrons are saying, i think the g.n.c. will become irrelevant but the talks will go forward in geneva. >> where do sort of the international partners -- where do they fit into all of this? i mean, these talks are sponsored by the u.n., but countries like the u.k. and france and the united states and qatar and so on were involved in putting together this effort to out of the gadhafi three years ago. what role have they played? >> a huge role. essentially, libyan-only or libya indigenous effort at conflict negotiation tribal reconciliation failed. that's why since tripoli was
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conged in august, you haven't had reconciliation between libya dawn and libya dignity. the u.n. round i.e., the mission of bernadina leone has succeeded in bringing together actors. however, different nation states such as the ones you mentioned support different camps. the western powers, along with egypt and the u.a.e. can largely be seen supporting the trobok camp with the western towers willing to mediate and egypt and the u.a.e. not willing. they supported hard line military support. on the other hand, you have qatar and turkey who give military support. however, turkey has come out recently saying they support inclusive dialogue and urging g.n.c. president to condone the dialogue. he however was not able to follow that line, and weirdly
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went against his political patron turkey. the point is the international level is as confused and confusing as the domestically die george earns inside libya. >> it will be interesting how this plays out in libya. jason pack joining us, good to get your thoughts. >> isil has released around 200 captives from the minority yazidi community in northern iraq. they were transported to kurdish held territory. it's not clear why they were released. the yazidi camp, many of whom are elderly were taken to hospital for checkups. we have details from the iraq capitol, baghdad. >> most of these people have been held since june, when isil took over large parts of iraq's north, including the yazidi homeland around sinjar mountain.
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a lot of them are traumatized elderly, even disabled. lucky to be free, but still suffering the effects of months in captivity some of them tell that you say they were put on buses, told that they were going to be taken to talafar. some believed they would be executed. instead they were taken to a point between the stronghold of isil and erbil where kurdish fighters picked them up and took them for medical treatment. there are about 200 of them and still 4,000 yazidis in captivity. a lot of those are women. isil said that because it does not recognize the yazidi religion it believes it can buy, sell and use those women. these people are being given medical care. it's still not clear why isil released them. yazidi activists say it may be that that number of people has just become too much for isil. isil has been trying to put
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forth the idea that it's a state, can feed people, provide medical care and basically run its own government in mosul. as it increasingly releases small groups of yazidis and others activists say that may be proof that that is not the case. >> in nigeria we're getting reports that a suicide bomber has killed four and wounded dozens. the incident took place in the northeastern town. we'll have more on the story as we get more information. >> staying in west africa, troops from chad have been deployed to fight the armed group boko haram in northern nigeria. they'll be joining soldiers from across the border from cameron. erika wood has more. >> troops from chad rolled by to join cameroon and nigerian soldier. this is the beginning of a major
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joint military assault against boko haram involving regional forces. >> it is important to say that with war there is dead, blood sacrifice. we cannot be indifferent to what is going on because we are directly concerned and cameroon should not be alone fighting boko haram. >> in that fight chad's president urged other african nation to say join in. the issue of whether to form a broad coalition force is due to be discussed at a meeting of african leaders in coming days. there is an interest in a widespread offense against boko haram because the armed force has launched more and more attacks not just in nigeria but outside, as well. as the violence spreads thousands have been forced to
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escape. >> our statistics say there are more than 12,000 refugees, women, children, men and some representatives of local authorities. among them are eight nigerian soldiers who fled the atrocities of boko haram. >> the group caused international outrage when it attacked a school in the northeastern town and kidnapped more than 200 girls. most of them are still missing and boko haram says may not have been married off to fighters. last week, amnesty international released photos that showed the scale of the devastation in two towns caused by boko haram attacks in early january. nigeria is due to hold presidential elections next month and no doubt safety and stability will be in the forefront of voters' minds and they bring countries a warning of disruption of the polls by boko haram will have i am applications not just inside nigeria, but locally, as well.
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>> police in greece arrested four people they say might have links to a terrorist cell in belgium. we have more details now from the greek capital athens. >> greek police are concurs what we've been hearing from belgian authorities that the four men arrested do not include a key suspect belgian authorities are looking for as the possible master mind of terrorist plots that were to have unfolded in northern europe. belgian authorities requested the arrests after a raid on a house in belgium last thursday, following which they collected evidence that led them to believe that one of the master minds of terrorist plots was in residence here in athens. that warrant was based on telephone records of phone calls made from a cell phone here in athens to relatives of the suspect killed and arrested in
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belgium, but the location from which those calls were made has now been abandoned by the person who made them. that person apparently the suspect that belgians are looking for is still at large. his whereabouts are unknown and the surveillance operation to locate him is on going but that does not necessarily mean that the four men who were arrested at the location where this man briefly stayed are innocent. greek police say that while some of them may be released as early as today because there is no evidence against them, others may be held further for questions and until evidence is gathered to place charges against them. on the whole it appears that the big fish that belgian authorities were looking for and that was here in athens for a period of time has not yet been arrested. >> much more ahead here on al jazeera. when we come back, we take a look at how wars haunt and
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destroy lives long after the last shot is fired. >> millions attend the pope's final mass on his visit to the philippines. that's all ahead. ad. >> al jazeera america presents the best documentaries >> i felt like i was just nothing >> for this young girl times were hard >> doris had a racist, impoverished setting had a major impact
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>> but with looks charm.... >> i just wanted to take care of my momma... >> and no remorse... >> she giggles everytime she steps into the revolving door of justice >> she became legendary... >> the finer the store, the bigger the challenge >> al jazeera america presents the life and crimes of doris payne
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>> a recap of the head lions now. in libya the self declared government in tripoli said it will not attend u.n. backed talks in geneva next week, but it is willing to negotiate if those talks are moved to libya. >> isil fighters in northern
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iraq have released 200 yazidi kurds, many elderly and taken to hospital in erbil for checkups. >> troops from chad have been deployed to fight the armed group boko haram in northern nigeria. they'll join soldiers from across the border in cameroon. >> thousands of people have rallied in ukraine's capital to pray for peace. president petro poroshenko attended the rally. >> fighting intensified in the east he were region of donetsk. we have the latest from there. >> the battle for donetsk airport has been going on since early saturday. as you can probably hear from the sound of explosions and mortar from around the city here it's an ongoing struggle. what hears to have happened is that the separatist forces and
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ukrainian army launched a counter offensive to protect the number of soldiers still holed up in the building, trying to restore the battle lines that what they were like before, restore the status quo. the ukrainian army states that doesn't put them in violation of the ceasefire plan. the separatist side isn't giving up. more tank and fire you can hear there. the situation here, after 10 days of intense fighting is actually intense filing if anything. >> the bosnian war was one of the bloodiest conflicts in history. twenty years on, many still suffer severe trauma, taking their on lives suffering the
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long term effects of war saying they are not getting the care they need. >> the war in bosnia still haunts the present. it still distorts lives. a soldier in the bosnian army remembers sarajevo under siege. >> this was the largest concentration camp in the world. we couldn't escape. there was danker everywhere. the snipers were shooting down at our buildings here. >> bosnia witnessed some of the worst horrors of the war. the conflict has left profound mental scars. >> there has been several times when i couldn't control myself, my memories got worse. i explode easily. i'm not good for anyone, especially my family. >> he is one of many ex-fighters suffering from post traumatic
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stress. he is receiving psychiatric help but in the 20 years since the end of the wash, more than 4,000 veterans have taken their own lives. ordinary bosnians are also deeply traumatized. this is what daily live in sarajevo looks like, civilians running the gauntlet of sniper fire. it's a war remembered for ethnic cleansing and mass graves. >> 20 years on and sarajevo is a very different place. many endure psychological trauma. a high proportion of people here suffer post traumatic stress disorder. there's an entire generation of people who were jen in the war who count fear and violence among their earliest memories. >> around 1,750,000 people are
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suffering from stress disorders. we are seeing lots of violent outbursts among young people, physical and sexual violence in families. there is an epidemic of violence in society today. >> the country has enjoyed 20 years of peace, more than perhaps the optimists expected, but long after the last shots were fired the aftershocks of war are still felt. al jazeera sarajevo. >> women's rights campaigners in england seek so overturn government cuts they say are putting lives at risk. they say the austerity program has led to restrictions on the right of women from poor backgrounds to receive legal support against an abusive partner. we have a report. >> every year in this country more than 100,000 women report some form of domestic violence to the police.
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christmas and the new year usually see a spike in attacks. this woman's case is standard. the violence began soon after she gave birth to their child. government cuts meant she didn't qualify for legal aid and she's spent months hiding, looking over her shoulder in fear of a man who would do her harm. >> i couldn't do anything, just having to put up with his abuse. the veiled threats and everything, just had to put up with it. police couldn't always do anything because i haven't got this order in place. >> the point of legal aid is to afford the poor the same rights as the rich. in the case of battered women that's supposed to mean the state's paying the legal fees of an impoverished victim who wants a court order against hurry abuser. >> legal aid hasn't been stopped completely. government cuts have made it
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more and more difficult for women to prove they are worthy of it. thousands of victims of domestic violence who managed to escape their abuser have had no choice but to return to them. >> have there ever been any social service involvement with the family? >> that makes it difficult for groups which have to advice women that they are no longer entitled to free legal support as a protection afforded by a care society. >> they are making an incredibly difficult choice to do nothing as a result of the legal aid cuts which leaves them and their children at risk of violence. >> we continue, but i am of the mood certainly that we have gone a considerable way to thigh to ensure people who need legal aid actually do receive it. >> judges will decide whether to overturn what the government has done. legal aid costs are tiny as a portion of what the government
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ends. in the end its whether austerity in britain can afford to protect the poor. >> tear gas has been fired to protestors. the governor of the city called off a march because of violence on friday against satirical has gone scene charlie hebdo. the opposition planned the march before the paris attacks. >> tens of thousands of hectores of farm lands have been wiped out by floods, destroying crops maims rely on for survival. we report from a southern district where farmers have lost everything. >> she is devastated. she hoped to have her maze in
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april. >> i'm lost. i don't have any plans. i don't know what i can do. to be honest, i'm stranded. >> she and many other farmers in this agricultural district in southern malawi now have to rely on food handouts. >> the water from a nearby river swept away everything on its path. more than 16,000 farmers in this center lost their crops. they've never witnessed this kind of flooding before. >> the floods were unprecedented, affecting areas that had never been flood-prone. climate change and deforestation are blamed. more than one side of malawi is classified as forest land, but deforestation the highest in south africa. >> they came in amounts never been. the environment has been
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devastated by cutting wood for curing tobacco. >> ruffle 90% of people use charcoal or fire wood. she is one of the millions who use charcoal to cook. there's no choice, she told us. >> the problem is electricity. we have not had any for a month. i know car kohl comes from cut down trees but what can i do? >> the government is struggling to feed people displaced by floods. it's a disaster that has only made things worse in a country where food was already hard to come by. al jazeera in southern malawi. >> pope francis has held a giant open air mass for 6 million roman clicks in the philippines and urged them to protect children from sin. the mass in the rain in manila was the final event of the pope's six day visit to asia. our correspondent was also in
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attendance. >> the rain didn't let up all day, nor did the enthusiasm of the crowds out in the million to see and hear from pope francis. we arrived early in the morning and spoke to some who had brought young children, the elderly relatives to receive blessings from the pope. for many of them, it was just the chance to be here and witness for themselves in the flesh this huge papal mass. when he arrived pope francis arrived in a pope mobile made in the style of the jeep half bus that is the signature mode of transport for one and all around the streets of manila. he spoke on the feast honoring the infant jesus and spoke about the family, adopt ago fairly traditionalist message on the family. for all of his progressive and
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inclusive language, he has adopt add fairly traditionalist messages in many appearances here in the philippines. there have been moments of controversy on the plane on wait over speaking about the charlie hebdo attacks saying there were limit to say free speech, scolding politicians here about inequality and corruption. for the money millions who came out on to the streets today this was really a very personal landmark in their lives and one to remember for a lifetime. >> shores in southern yemen are an escape from a for those from the horn of africa. those who make it still face extortion and abuse from smugglers. as part of our special series on escape routes, we have this report from the port of aidan. >> through an interpreter they tell us of their misery. they are somali who escaped
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poverty and more. they reached aidan towards the end of the last year. they came in search of a better life but ended up victims afraid. she is 32 years old divorced with three children. she says she only wanted to work as a cleaner to support her family. >> i left somalia with $150. i paid for the boat ride with it. when we arrived smugglers demanded more money. i had nothing left. they sent me to a house. every night, three and four men came to rape me. i stayed like that for 15 days. >> she is 18. she came west of aidan planning to go to saudi arabia. she says she was raped got pregnant and had to have an abortion. >> i went with those on the boat to radah. they kept me as a made and
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forced me to work. i stayed for over a month. when i complained, they handed me over to a man who raped me on and on for a month. i lost everything a female has. i don't have dreams. they are gone. >> the shores of aidan are seen as a paradise for many refugees and migrants. it is a historic escape route for people from the horn of africa. there have been more than 360,000 people coming from ethiopia and sow mail i can't. some remain in yemen as refugees other seek opportunities in gulf countries and beyond. venturing the rough seas, many end up easy prey. >> more than 90,000 ethiopians and somalis have crossed. 246 people have drowned or remain missing and there have been more than 90 registered
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cases of gender-based violations including 20 cases of rape. >> the refugees will continue due to economic regions. they warn newcomers was risks. >> a mitigation measure so they are not kidnapped or tortured by those people, and they are provided with food, health care, clothes, everything we can. people reported that landing here coming to us, reported of being tortured, being like beaten up, women even like sexually or gender based violence they have suffered. >> there are many other women and children who became victims afraid. they won't come forward out of fear and social taboos. these two women are brave.
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they want to forget their ordeal but seem to have forgotten about their dreams. al jazeera aidan. >> as always, there's lots more on our website get the latest on all the stories we're following at >> after all this time the keystone xl pipeline does not run to the gulf of mexico, but the bill authorizing the project will run as far as the white house, where the president promises a veto. that's inside story. >> hello, i'm ray suarez. the keystone xl pipeline has