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tv   News  Al Jazeera  February 2, 2015 9:00pm-10:01pm EST

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ukraine peace talks collapse and the violence escalates in the east. with pro-russian fighters recruiting fighters. america considering arming ukraine with leftie am weapons. peter greste speaks out. >> i didn't. to be free. >> adding his voice to continued release of our colleagues, baher mohamed and mohamed fahmy. their case is highlighting the
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plight of journalists around the world, from imprisonment to death for doing their job. four copies of the magna car at a on display for the first time in 800 years. good evening and welcome to the international hour on al jazeera america. i'm antonio mora. >> and i'm stephanie sy. we begin in ukraine. a dozen fighters killed in less than 24 hours. and many more over the weekend. >> promising to boost their forces to 100 thousand to combat government forces. >> the white house is weighing its options and whether to provide weapons and other military equipment to stop the
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advance of separatist forces. that decision could destabilize the decision further but also could keep kiev from losing any more from eastern ukraine. jamie mcintire has more from the pentagon. >> best way to aid the government in ukraine and that the president has made no decision but privately pentagon officials say the worry is pouring more arms into the conflict may not bring a political solution any closer. western officials say in recent months russia has been moving hurns of pieces of -- hundreds of piece he of equipment into eastern ukraine and pentagon officials say it is increasingly apparent that the $100 million in nonlethal aid the u.s. has provided to kiev is no match for moscow's deep arsenal. >> we continue to see support organized and effective support to the separatists in terms of
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heavy equipment and materiel. that support continues virtually unabated. >> in recent weeks ukraine's forces have suffered a series of setbacks. and need defensive weapons like american tow missiles. while that's prompted the discussion over lethal aid the question is a losing game and may make a negotiated solution tougher to gain. >> we're always evaluating other options that will help create space for a negotiated solution to the crisis. >> reporter: speaking in beijing sergey lavrov says they have taken a course to the military solution to the conflict.
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pentagon officials say it is unlikely that the threat of providing more to the military, president obama's unyielding position is helping his image at home. >> i'm not wildly optimistic at this point that his orientation changes partly because the one thing that's been very successful for mr. putin is his politics. >> reporter: one white house official today says the president is not just considering more military aid but sanction he, and sanctions might be the more effective option. president obama has not made a final decision. >> angela merkel says her country will not provide military aid to ukraine.
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orbin has owned eu sanctions. al jazeera's charles stratford reports from donetsk. >> fairly bellicose language by the two leaders of the self proclaimed separatist republics of luhansk and donetsk. trying to restart peace talks saying the two men they consent to belarus on their behalf had authority to make decisions for them. this recruitment drive that mr. zakharchenko was mentioning about getting 100,000 fighters in the luhansk and donetsk area, that recruitment to start within the next ten days. also pointing a finger to ukraine saying the men they were sending to the front were not
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trained sufficiently. reference to ukraine's drive a fourth way of trying to bring an additional 50,000 ukrainian soldiers to their front line. now all this talk comes at a time of increasing violence here in the region. there are daily attacks both incoming and outgoing shelling from here, and from across the front line. and the civilian population that frankly spent most of their time hunger erd down -- hunkered down in their house he, we've heard shelling only a few minutes ago in donetsk. some fairly saber rattling language, in the midst of increasing violence in the region. >> andre dobranski joining us this evening on set. mr. dobranski thanks for being with us. i have this report in my hand, i know you've seen it, a
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collaboration of think tanks. it makes the case for direct military assistance to ukraine including lethal assistance which means missiles. how much impact is this report having in washington tonight? >> very big because many people in washington have been behind helping ukraine for many months now. the primary obstacle has been the president. former ambassadors to ukraine and former undersecretaries of state most have been from the democratic side, advisors to the clinton administration as well as the obama administration. this signals people in the president's own party are finally confident to push military aid to ukraine. >> mill think supports arming ukraine forces with more arms. >> what we're looking is to stop
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the offense from russia to hammer the area with rockets. the deference specified is counter -- >> antiarmor missiles. >> anti-tank missiles can push, this is what happens with ukrainian tanks. ukraine has not had new tanks since 1991. we are going into newer tanks. every time we send nine into battle only one or two come back. >> if russia as u.s. officials say, are not only sending arms but soldiers? >> what we need to did is stop the advance so we can have a dialogue. the dayton accord -- >> if the u.s. decides to arm the rebels in russia they begin
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a proxy war with russia a nuclear arnld armed owners -- armed nation. >> this report says no arms that require specialized knowledge from a united states or nato armed force. the way to prevent russia from blocking radio communications. anti-jamming medium range observational drones. >> but you have the commander of the rebels now calling for 100,000 new recruits. >> well russian troops, they are going to come from russia. there are almost 10,000 russian troops on the ground. >> his way of not only saber-rattling but russian soldiers should come over the border? >> that is russia's way of saying that they are going to
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send more troops. >> angela merkel as you saw today said that the conflict cannot be solved militarily. >> there's only one way to stop the military and that's to stop it militarily. that's what secretary kerry wants, that's what the president wants, he wants the minsk accord to be honored. just yesterday 25 rockets were fired past the buffer zone. we are talking about defensive weapons not offensive methods pure and simple. >> thank you for being here on the debut of our global news hour. thank you. have. >> thank you. >> nigeria's president narrowly escaped a rally in gombe. meanwhile, a series of blasts in the oil rich province, yvonne
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ndege reports violence is intensifying ahead of the february 14th elections. >> the car bomb went off two meters from where the president and people's democratic party were holding a rally. the presidential election is being held on 14th of february just a couple of weeks away, we don't know how many minutes after the broam bomb went bomb went off. maintained the position that the military are able to and are repelling attacks and planned attacks by boko haram despite the violence we have seen in gombe and on the broader issue of how they might impact the election the electoral body says they will ggd with go ahead with elections but if it's not safe,
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they will make that known to the public. they maintain the position that there won't be an impact, a significant impact if, in certain areas people aren't able to vote. you have to remember nigeria is a country of 170 million people, the electoral authorities say around 68 million people are registered to vote and in these regions we are talking about thousands or tens of thousands of people being disenfranchised that is the position of the electoral body. >> that was yvonne ndege reporting from nigeria. the state department has responded by a travel restriction for individuals. they say the u.s. citizens run the risk of robbery kidnapping or other armed attacks. >> a court in cairo has sentenced 183 men to death in a mass trial. egypt says the convicts are muslim brotherhood supporters and were involved in the killing of 15 police officers two years
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ago. egypt outlawed the muslim brotherhood in 2013, the government has arrest evidence thousands of people since then accusing them of supporting the group. among them three al jazeera journalists. one of them peter greste was set free after 400 days and is speaking out about his imprisonment. >> but two of our other colleagues mohamed fahmy and baher mohamed are still being held. paul beban is here. paul. >> after months of international outcry and a lot of anxiety and outcry he was in the middle of his daily run around the prison courtyard yesterday when a guard came and told him it was time to pack his stuff. >> it was a moment 400 days in the making. >> i can't tell you how relieved i was for being free. i didn't expect we were settling
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in for a period of months for retrial, so to be out now today with a few minutes' notice really is just extraordinary. >> reporter: on december 29th 2013, three lrnlings journalists were arrested in cairo. peter greste, mohamed fahmy and baher mohamed were accused of aiding the outlawed muslim brotherhood and spreading false news, in the aftermath of a military coup. from the beginning al jazeera rejected the allegations and demanded the men's release. within a few weeks the hashtag #freeajstaff had gone viral around the world. human rights groups called the five month trial a sham. the so-called evidence against the three men included a video of sheep herding footage of peter greste in kenya, as well as footage from an entirely different channel. >> we found that the videos have
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no criminal indictment whatsoever. >> reporter: in june with the three men in cages the courtroom packed with journalists diplomats and relatives erupted with the guilty verdict. >> i don't know how the judge came to that decision. >> greste an australian, and fahmy, an egyptian canadian, were sentenced to seven years. model was sentenced to 10. >> it was the darkest day of the sentence. still remains in my memory as just an awful awful nightmare. >> world leaders including president obama denounced the court ruling. >> the issue of the al jazeera journalists in egypt we've been clear both publicly and privately that they should be released. >> reporter: but the egyptian government would stand behind the verdict arguing that the decision had not been political and saying the appeals process would determine what would
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happen next. but even egypt's president said that he wished the journalists would never have been put on trial, he would have preferred to have them deported and the image of them in metal cages hurt egypt's standing in the world. just last month egypt ordered the retrial of the three journalists but kept them about prison with no time limit on their imprisonment. that ended this weekend with the release of peter greste. >> i feel incredible angst my colleagues left behind. i know mohamed fahmy and baher mohamed, amidst all of this relief i still feel a sense of concern, a real sense of worry. because if it's appropriate for me if it's right for me to be free then it's right for all of them to be free. >> mohamed fahmy holds both egyptian and canadian citizenship and there are hopes he would be deported.
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am canada's minister says freedom is imminent. and baher missed the birth of his son earlier in 2014. >> while greste's release is hailed around the world many journalists remain behind bars in egypt, more than 40,000 people were detained or charged following ousting of the muslim brotherhood in 2013. an estimated 16,000 are still estimated to be jailed. the human rights group stresses that the numbers are just estimate and could be higher. unicef say 700 of them could be children and 150 are still being
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held as political prisoners. the family of an american held behind bars in iran, who has been on ahunger strike in a year relatives said he has suffered from pulmonary embolisms and was arrested during the rava square protests and was arrested after the former president's ouster. could face ten years in prison. kahn is the former head of the international monetary fund and once was considered a french presidential contendedder. he resigned in 2011 accused of sexually assaulting a hotel housekeeper here in new york. those charges were later dropped. the man chosen by the united nations to investigate war
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crimes has resigned. >> william shaver speaks to al jazeera about why he had to step down. >> ant argentinaand argentina searching for answers. answers.
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>> in the fight against i.s.i.l coalition sources say they struck targets. >> in a compound near mosul. nine coalition strikes targeted near kobani where i.s.i.l. has retreatafter months long battle. claims that i.s.i.l. killed a japanese adjournment a proof of life for captured jordanian
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pilot. >> we demand proof of life for our pilot mu'ath al kespa. >> jordan also insisted on the release of its pilot. video was released showing goto's beheading. without providing information on the pilot. >> israel had attacked william shaveis's work, who defended his integrity in an interview with al jazeera and explained his decision to resign. >> i had to get out of the way. it's unfortunate but this was become a huge distraction and the commission has to focus on its work and get that report done. so that they can move on and so
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that justice can be done for the people in the region who have been victims of the alleged violations of humanitarian law. >> the commission is expected to issue its report sometime in march. >> quick adoption of the u.n. comprehensive convention on international terrorism. the foreign ministers of at the u.n. general assembly later this year saying the world needs to be on alert for fascism. the meeting came just a week after president obama's visit to india. a mysterious death in argentina is no closer to being sofd tonight. asolved tonight. a prominent prosecutor. >> daniel schwindler has the
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story from buenos aires. >> whether the prosecutor alberto nisman was murdered or committed suicide has not been determined. one of his own security men or the assistant who he borrowed the gun from, days earlier. spoke to albertso nisman the day before his death. >> it's very difficult to say he was murdered because i don't have evidence. but i heard a very alive person thinking about the next day. the day before. >> mr. nisman had cuffed the president of argentina of conspiracy to cover up iran's involvement in the jewish community involvement in buenos aires that killed 85 people. the day before his accusations
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were made public he was found dead in his baft, a bath, a pistol shot to his head, that much is known. but much remains murky in a country increasingly polarized. those believing the government version of events on one side and those who don't often the other. the argentine government more accountable. >> i think we are so confused as the first day. because if you think of the situation, the political environment, the political climate, nobody thinks of the suicide. >> presidential elections are due in october. mrs. kirchner will not be
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running but is visiting china consolidating ties formed by president xi jinping's visit. these stories in this antigovernment newspaper. we do know that a powerful bomb killed 85 people in buenos aires in 1994 and that 21 years later the prosecutor investigating that unsolved crime was found dead in his bath but who detonated that bomb and the truth of the death behind alberto nisman may not be proved in a court of law too many powerful force he may have too much to hide. >> when his body was found the two main doors to his apartment were locked. >> a bodyguard was found
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outside, an unidentified footprint was found but that does not prove anything. a new government in greece is proposing a plan to help restructure the country's debt. the new plan is in contrast to a measure floated last week by athens to abandon tough austerity conditions imposed by eu sanctions. the finance minister has yet to discuss the measure with officials from the eu or the european central bank. >> al jazeera journalist peter greste is speaking out candidly after his release from an egyptian prison. >> i didn't let myself believe it was really happening until i got my back side on the seat on the plane. >> tempered as our two colleagues mohamed fahmy and baher mohamed remain incarcerated in egypt. >> in our next half hour a
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closer look of the complexity of freedom of expression and freedom of the press. he press.
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>> welcome back to al jazeera america. i'm antonio mora. >> and i'm stephanie sy. coming up, we'll have extended coverage of egypt's release of our colleague, peter greste. >> and we'll have an in depth look at press freedom around the world. where journalists are facing death sentences just for doing their job. >> the release of peter greste, he was imprisoned, for 400 days. tonight, greste is in cypress but his colleagues baher mohamed
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and mohamed fahmy are still in prison. >> greste is speaking out about his ordeal. >> i can't tell you how grateful i am, we were settling in for a period of months, to be out today with just a few minutes' notice really is just extraordinary. what is very clear is this is a massive step forward. i think for egypt too it's been a really big step forward. i think everyone has acknowledged that this is an important moment. i just hope that egypt keeps going down this path with the others and releases not just ba baher and fahmy but deals with those other convictions. you don't spend 400 days in a box with someone without getting to know them very intimately indeed and over that period i've got to know and in fact accept
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both baher and fahmy as my family they're my brothers, it can't be any other way. fahmy is an extraordinary professional very passionate strong willed character. baher is one of the most amazing family men i've ever met. if anyone has suffered out of all of this it is baher he has a wife and three children one of whom was born while he was in prison. i.t. was incredibly -- it was incredibly tough for him as someone so devoted to his family having to be where he is knowing he's innocent knowing that this is a huge mistake. we need to keep the focus on him and we don't quite know what's going to happen from here often in. i still feel -- here on in. i still feel a sense of concern and worry. if it's right for me to be free then it's right for all of them
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to be free. it was a very difficult moment walking out of that prison saying good-bye to those guys, not knowing how much longer they will have to put up with this. and then the ride to the airport was a sense of really wondering if it really was actually going to come to an end. because we've had an awful lot of false starts with this, and awful lot of false alarms, where we thought freedom was close if not imminent only to have it snatched away. i didn't want myself to believe it really was happening until i got my back side on a seat on the plane with my brother mike and we knew then that for me at least this is over. >> greste's parents of course glad to have their son home but his family says peter will not rest until his colleagues are also free. andrew thomas went to meet his parents in brisbane, australia.
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>> for months all lois and juris greste have had was bad news. on monday, finally have good news. >> you are feeling differently now. >> ecstatic. it's the most wonderful news. it feels like the cloud has lifted and the nightmare is gone. >> most people will know how exhausting happiness can be. indeed, happy exhaustion. >> how did you get the news? >> it appeared on the laptop screen you know? and we almost couldn't believe it. what he's off to cypress? but of course it was thankfully confirmed by a telephone call from the departure lounge of the cairo airport. >> we had to put on the answering medicine, will all media please refer to hardy our
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media advisor. >> we were ready to let this one fly until we realized that it was peter's chuckle listening to my message. >> we realized it's peter it's peter. >> he's now how? >> he's got to you know take stock, and work out, you know, what he wants to do next, and how. and go from there. >> of course all this is tempered by the fact that he's out but his colleagues aren't. >> yes. >> very deeply concerning, andrew. we will continue working as will peter, even harder than anybody to make sure that his other colleagues are able to regain their freedom as quickly as possible. because clearly they should never have been there in the first place. not for a day. >> al jazeera executives are thrilled about peter greste's release. they say they will continue to
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fight to have baher mohamed and mohamed fahmy freed. earlier today i spoke with al jazeera english director of news sol negam who joined me from doha qatar. >> i'm sure people in doha are happy as people all over are that peter is released. but they were all convicted in what was in effect a show trial. why was he released now? >> well, our information is, he was released according to a law issued few weeks ago by the egyptian president that allows the president to send people who are charged or convicted to be either tried or remain the rest of their sentence in the original country. therefore, he was handed to the australian embassy to go back to australia. but of course i don't think he will be either tried or serve the rest of the sentence in
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australia. >> now that law could help mohamed fahmy who has a canadian passport as well as an egyptian passport but not help baher mohamed who is an egyptian. what is being done to get him released? >> to introduce solidarity internationally, to drop the charges from everyone, the second path we are following is the legal path. we have our legal team who is handling the case because there will be a retrial as the court of secession egypt decided and we are waiting for setting a date for that and our legal team will handle baher's case. >> is al jazeera going to continue to fight the convictions themselves ohave them overturned? because as i said there was a show trial no evidence if any presented that tainted substantiated
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the charges against him. >> that will happen anyway even if mohamed or baher is out because although wear happy that peter is free and we lope that mohamed will be free very soon the case really is about first convicting journalists on false charges only only because they were doing their jobs. it is an initial free zoom of speech. second thing is there are still two journalists in prison in egypt and they should be freed immediately and seven others who were convicted for ten years each and that was in absentia. they are living outside of egypt, some of them egyptians cannot go back home or else they will be imprisoned, as many as are british or other nationalityless and they have to fight until they get their names
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cleared and charges revoamed really. >> what can be done worldwide because there are so many nation around the world where journalists are being% culted. >> we are being subjected to channels like this, if you cover something like this in a place like myanmar before it started the path to democracy we have journalists under cover across the borders, there is certain amount of risk, we do risk assessment and risk calculation but we have to report in places that are out of the reach of reporters. because otherwise you keep a story with all what is happening there, under the lid. and one party to control all the narratives that's coming from there regardless to whether it's correct or not human rights abuses are being committed or not. and our job is to try always, to cover these stories regardless of the obstacles. but at the same time, taking
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every precaution possible to protect our journalists. >> salah best of luck in getting baher and mohamed out of custody and congratulations for having peter freed. >> thank you very much. >> freedom of the press is on trial in a lot of places in the world. >> facing prison time compile and many cases death. >> for the first time in eight centuries the four surviving copies of the magna carta go on display together. how the documents changed the course of history. history.
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>> the family of an american journalist held in iran, said the judge is known to impose harsh sentences. the washington post journalist was arrested in tehran more than
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a year ago. the iranian officials haven't said what the charges are against him. >> nick schifrin reports on this struggle. >> stephanie and antonio, good evening. threats incarceration and violence. replacing the press with propaganda. during the war in gaza photo photojournalist bobby is brought to the hospital. he would later be buried with his camera. during the fighting in libya journalists take cover. and memorials for kenji goto,
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jim foley the last 13 months have been terrible. >> as marked by an extreme level of violence towards journalists all around the world. >> of the 221 journalists jailed 132 were there because they criticized their governments. 45 have not been publicly charged with anything. >> the people parties involved in the conflicts want to control the information to produce and provide their own propaganda. >> in syria since the beginning of last year, 18 journalists have been killed doing their jobs. after years of war the front lines are blurry. local fighters are difficult to trust and sold journalists to radicals. to execute or sell. >> i'm john cantley. in the city of kobani. >> or in the case of john cantley. and fourth journalist to die in
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one city in four days. china is the world's leading jailer of journalists. 44 are in jail right now the highest number ever. gao yu is in jail for criticizing her own government. in hong kong, mass of protests were among the best covered in history and that made journalists the targets. >> china has been the biggest prison for journalists professional journalists and nonprofessional journalists since years. >> iran has the second most journalists in prison and is the leading jailer of female journalists. later released. hard line clerics and military commanders try silence journalists by accusing them of
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antigovernment propaganda. this journalist are insisted no journalists were gay. >> i wanted to continue my profession and career. >> and then there's egypt. 11 journalists are still in prison. the egyptian revolution replaced a military leader with a muslim brotherhood leader who was toppled by a military leader. each government, forcing their rivals into prison or worse. peter greste's release is good news. but stephanie and antonio more attempts to silence reporters with threats incarceration or even murder. >> nick thank you. you just heard from delphine
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algon. i spoke to her earlier about foreign governments silencing the press. delphine, good evening. of the things that brought so much attention to the three al jazeera journalists was that they were foreign journalists working for a foreign news organization. what about the domestic journalists jailed in egypt are they even more restricted? >> it's really right to highlight that right no you in egypt there are 15 journalists in jail. and that makes egypt actually the world's fourth prison for journalists just behind china air treeeritrea or japan. >> there may be less attention to the other journalists still detained. especially to baher mohamed who only holds egyptian citizenship.
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>> attention what is happening right now in egypt the role that the international community wants to see egypt play in the original politics so i'm sure that the international pressure will continue and hopefully continue to be useful for the release of the journalists. >> you said that egypt ranks fourth as far as the jailing of journalists at this point. how has that changed since president al-sisi took power? interit's important to have that in mind. that since sisi took power the media freedom summary in egypt declined tremendously. we have seen a number of journalists killed during pro-morsi demonstrations, one trends we have seen these last two years which is the increase of journalists kidnapped. i'm likening this in this where
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states are holding journalists hostage. it's really the case in the case of the al jazeera journalists detained in egypt but also by example in iran when iran is detaining the washington post correspondent jason rozion since last september. >> you compared the detention of the al jazeera journalists to kidnapping. what did you mean by that comparison. >> i mean it's clear in some cases countries or states are not afraid to hold hostage some journalists. it is clear in this situation they are not at all punishing journalists just for doing their job. they are really using journalists for diplomatic negotiation. >> at the same time, you have journalists the two recent japanese journalists that were killed by i.s.i.l. would you say that journalists are really being attacked on multiple fronts today?
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>> of course, 2014 and the beginning of 2013, -- 2015 have been marked by extreme level of violence targeting journalists. what we have seen in this last month actually are that murders are more and more barbaric but we have seen the april reiteration of the barbaric propaganda if i could say with the carefully staged beheadings of journalists or the execution of iraqi journalists or the charlie hebdo attacks which are clearly freedom of information is at stake. >> why have journalists become the enemy? >> it seems that the information is really in the center of every conflict, if you can take it like that. there's an obsession by states, or any groups, to control their information, their image and
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sometimes, their propaganda. and that may be why journalists are more and more targeted. but i would say that not only professional journalists but citizen journalists or bloggers are as much targeted. >> now i also asked delphine if it's just a coincidence that peter greste was the only nonarab al jazeera journalist behind bars in egypt and the first one released. she says it is likely not a coincidence because greste did get more attention from the international community. >> it's important to keep attention on it and keep the pressure on for the other journalists who are there arnld around the world behind bars. the 800 year old document that changed the course of history. >> the 800-year-old magna carta and its connection to the early days of america. america.
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>> a crisis on the border... >> thery're vulnarable... these are refugees... >> migrent kids flooding into the u.s. >> we're gonna go and see josue who's just been deported... >> why are so many children fleeing? >> your children will be a part of my group or killed... >> fault lines al jazeera america's hard hitting... >> today they will be arrested... >> ground breaking... they're firing canisters of gas at us... emmy award winning investigative series... fault lines no refuge: children at the border only on al jazeera america >> the medieval document that
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helped inspire american democracy is being honored in england. >> united at the british library, simon mcgregor wood has the importance of the document. >> each document written on sheepskin parchment in medieval language containing clauses which were refertionary and continue to shape our notion of democracy and justice. 800 years later these documents lie together at the british library for the first time. >> it was radical to use a written document to limit the power of the king. the magna carta has become this charter that people looked back to as a defense against arbitrary and tir tyrannical rulers.
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>> angered by king john's policies of high tamps they wanted to limit his power. it was here at runnymede that a document for the first time sought to put an english king under the rule of law. and it's that aspect to it that continues to inspire us today. putting limits on the rulers, protecting the rights of the rules. clauses 39 and 40, another clause saying the king couldn't raise taxes without agreement. and if the king change the deal, the barons would pass judgment on him. using it as a basis for the u.s. constitution, nelson mandela
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quoted it at his trial. the four copies will only be displayed for a few days. 1200 members of the public will get to see them. 40,000 applied. magna car at a has holy allure for some. a squabble with the king and his subjects. principles which we hold dear. are simon mcgregor wood, runnymede, southern england. >> our constitution has roots in the magna carta. >> the rights against habeas corpus can be traced to the magna carta's 39th clause, that's an important one. the author of two roman statues has been attributed to michelangelo. now art scholars in britain using details from a 500 year
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old drawing says evidence points to the famous sculptor. you can understand what their value will be. >> you always think of him carving in marble. nearly half of the world's wetlands have disappeared over the centuries. >> today's world wetlands day nicholas hack visits one area of senegal osee how they're being protected. >> it's a journey to escape europe's cold winter. they have flown through winds and storms across mountains and seas and the african desert to get here. juge covers 16,000 hectares. at the height of winter 13 million birds big and small call this their home. bird lovers travel from all over the world to observe listen and
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watch them up close. >> it's incredible to see in one spot birds from europe and africa living together, bird of prey and wading birds together in perfect harmony a rare site. >> the white pelican 60,000 of them here to mate. each one eats up to 20 kilos of fish a day. from a distance, park rangers keep a close watch. this year again they're counting the species. >> translator: some are increasing others are decreasing in numbers. the challenge is to get the surrounding local population to help us protect the site. >> this wet land has been unesco protected site since 1961. those living in this site were evicted. this isn't just a bird sanctuary, it is an oasis on the heels of the shure desert.
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there is no water or arable land to grow food around this area, so many want to access the natural resources available here especially those who have been evicted. a dam and several dikes allow water out for cultivation but it is not enough. some farmers pour chemicals in the water to increase their yield. >> so much tampering with nature is creating problems. there isn't as much brackish water as before. as a result, a congestive weed is clogging the wet land making some birds leave. >> for the moment this remains their sanctuary. nicholas hawk, al jazeera juge. >> tomorrow, on the international hour, a turkish city torn by violence. terrorist organization by the u.s. but now that group is on
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the side of the u.s., fighting i.s.i.l. >> that's it for this edition of al jazeera america's international hour. i'm stephanie sy. >> i'm antonio mora. thanks for watching. for watching. >> the first stop for many child migrants to the united states is this border patrol facility in mcallen, texas. >> "good afternoon, welcome to the rio grande valley processing center..." >> it opened this summer in response to an influx of unaccompanied minors from mexico and central america. >> do you think this is an immigration issue or a refugee issue? do you think some of them will be granted political asylum? >> we're not talking about criminals. these are innocent children, fleeing desperate