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tv   News  Al Jazeera  February 20, 2015 2:00pm-2:31pm EST

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an attack in mogadishu strikes at the heart of somalia's fragile go killing 20 people, including politicians. hello there, i'm barbara sarah, this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up at least 45 people died during the latest violence in libya. >> i most certainly hope there is going to be an agreement, and i trust that we're going to have one. >> make or break time for greece as it tries to borrow more money. plus -- ♪
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one year on ukraine remembers those lost in protests that overthrow -- overthrough a president. hello, there, thank you for joining us. at least 20 people are dead after a double suicide bomb attack in the somali capitol, including two government officials. al-shabab is claiming responsibility for the blasts at a hotel where members of the government were meeting. >> reporter: mogadishu is a city used to violence but in this latest attack a vehicle laden with explosives rammed through a hotel's front gate and a suicide bomber blew himself up inside. politicians are confirmed amongst the dead. >> translator: the explosion was
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so huge that it shook the whole surroundings. i survived but i saw several people lying dead. the scene is very ugly with blood and flesh everywhere. >> reporter: al-shabab has claimed responsibility. central hotel is popular with officials because it is near the presidential palace. it's the second hotel to be targeted in as many months. they controlled much of somalia's south until 2011 when an african union offensive pushed it out. since then it has carried out a number of attacks including the siege of west gate mall when more than 60 people were killed. this is just a reminder of al-shabab's deadly power. over to libya now and the continuing violence there. at least 45 people have been killed by several explosions in the east of the country.
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it happened 250 killometers east of benghazi. hoda abdel hamid has more now from tunisia near the libyan border. >> reporter: the triple bombing underlies how much more complicated the situation on the ground has become ever since egypt carried out those air strikes in the eastern city of derna. the group behind those attacks an isil affiliate claimed responsibility and said clearly that it was in retaliation of those air strikes. it was the hometown of the speaker of the parliament of the under-recognized government now based in tobruk. the request to lift the arms embargo put forward but the jordanian government with the backing of egypt and the
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government in tobruk has been rebuffed at the moment. the situation is now on the political track. a meeting is scheduled to take place next monday in morocco, a meeting attended by both the government in tobruk and the court-appointed government in tripoli. in tripoli there have been protests against the egyptian air strikes. hundreds packed into the city center. they are angry at the egyptian air strikes launched in response to the murder of 21 coptic christians carried out by an isil group. a leaked telephone conversation suggests that a senior official in the office of president sisi was trying to intervene in libyan affairs. it was thought to feature a man who was trying to arrange a meaning between sisi and a cousin of gadhafi.
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he is a concern believed to control large sums of libyan overseas investments, and has strong ties to the government in tobruk. the phone call was from more than a year ago at a time when sisi was the defense minister in egypt. an anti coup rally in egypt has turned violent. witnesses say security forces opened fire on the crowd in cairo's district. the area has been a flash point for unres between promuslim brotherhood protesters and egyptian security forces since the former president was ousted in 2013. ♪ an emergency meeting is underway in brussels where greece is trying to convince the euro zone to give it an extended loan nchltd if the talks fail greece could rount of money at the end of the month, and risk
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being forced out of the euro zone. right now greece owes about $270 billion mainly to the international monetary fund and others. the greek prime minister says he is certain a deal can be done. but germany is demanding significant improvements in what greece is willing to offer. neave barker is in brussels and we have john psaropoulos standing by for us in athens. neave, we're hearing signs of progress, little ones i guess. what is the latest, neave? >> reporter: well, when euro and greek prime ministers arrived early, i don't think anyone this would be a short day. the meeting didn't start for four hours after the scheduled start time with very little
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explanation given for the delay. but roughly an hour or so ago, we had signs that a possible agreement could be in the cards. a communique had been signed between greek officials and euro group members. we know very little about that document. we know, though that it is apparently an extension of the greek bailout. some information is slowly emerging. particularly on greek state television. i'm sure john can tell us more about that from athens. the suggestion is that this is a step in the right direction, but it could also be little more than an interim deal that goes on for another round of discussions before potentially being ratified by euro zone members. >> neave barker following all of the developments there in brussels. thank you. as we mentioned john
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psaropoulos is following events in athens from where he joins us now. following on what neave was saying, what are you hearing from -- from greek sources about what is going on in brussels? >> reporter: well we have had some indications that the two sides may be inching towards a deal. as neave was saying earlier, greek state television here has reported that the deal has been sealed in principle for a four-month extension on the basis of the existing program. we still don't know what that really means. we don't know what the terms of that agreement would be. greece has asked for a four to six-month extension? order to reschedule its debt and renegotiate the austerity measures that come with this loan. now, is the formula agreed in brussels a formula that extends those austerity measures while the lone is extended for the
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next four months? we don't know. that's a crucial point here in athens. a german newspaper report suggested that the greeks were willing to accept those austerity measures for the extended four-month period. the government has denied that. but that was the key german demand. so we would like to see what the fine print is. it's still very very vague. what we have heard from the greek team in brussels is the document was largely agreed upon, when people sat down. maybe that's one reason why the meeting started late. that again advocates in the direction of an agreement this evening, but we have had no confirmation yet. >> john psaropoulos in athens. john, thank you. yemen's feuding political
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groups have agreed to create a people's transitional council to help govern the country and guide it out of the current crisis. it follows the coup by shia houthi fighters who took over the capitol earlier this month. that completed their power grab after the resignation of the president and the cabinet. it will work alongside the existing house of representatives. it will come from traditionally unrepresented sectors from the south, as well as women and young people. hashem ahelbarra has more. >> reporter: yes, ma'am mren's political factions reach a deal on forming the transitional council. along with the house of representatives, it will be yemen's highest authority. >> this council will be in charge to lead the country for the next two years. the representation within the council, 50% for southerners,
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30% for women, and 20% for youth. but the distribution of the seats has not been agreed upon. so this deal is very far from a final deal. >> reporter: and yemen's political crisis continues. the main factions are yet to agree on a presidential council which is going to be the highest executive body an interterm government, how to reform the army and police and disband armed militias but the houthis say their popular committees won't disarm and will have the upper hand in any areas they control. the sunni majority remains skeptical. with tribesmen gathering in an al-qaeda strong hold. they are forming a new defense to defend their city against the houthis. in the predominantly south,
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protesters take to the streets to denounce the houthi takeover. the growing opposition to houthi's rising influence is something many believe could trigger wider military confrontation that could spin out of control. hashem ahelbarra al jazeera. at least 30,000 people from myanmar ethnic chinese haan minority have fled across the border into china. they are running from fierce fighting. adrian brown sent this update. >> reporter: some 30,000 refugees are said to have fled across the border into china during the last nine to ten days, and many have come here. they are being accommodated in what is normally a convention center. now some 25,000 people we're
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told are being accommodated here. they are getting water, food and shelter. but none of them knows how much longer they will remain here because the fighting is still going on across the border. this is a very tricky problem for china, because the rebels who are ethnic chinese are fighting the army of myanmar. now some of these rebels have appealed to china to provide aide, because they say we're ethnic chinese. but china has said there is no way that will happen. but myanmar is not so sure. a government minister said china should do all that it can to prevent chinese soil from being turned into a base for terrorists. that is the sort of language that will enrage beijing. china has also scoffed at notions that they will provide aid to the rebels.
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a few years ago china was probably the only friend that myanmar had. that is a friendship that is now being tested here on the border between these two countries. still to come on the program, ukraine's government and the russian-backed rebels blame each other for outbreaks of violence despite a ceasefire deal. and the moment one of venezuela's opposition leaders is arrested by government soldiers. ♪ "mexico's disappeared". monday, 10:00 eastern.
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hello, i'm berra sarah, a
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reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. at least 20 people have been killed in somali's capitol. the armed group al-shabab says it was responsible. meanwhile a isil-linked group has claimed responsibility for an attack in libya, which killed at least 45 people. and greece says it has reached a draft agreement with euro zone leaders over an extension on his bailout. ukrainian president, petro poroshenko has lead a somber service in kiev independence square marking a year since snipers shot and killed protesters there. it was seen as the final bloody act of the uprising. snipers bullets were fired into the crowd of demonstrators. in less than two hours, 46
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people were dead along with several police. over all more than 100 people were killed during months of protests. within 48 hours of the sniper shootings, the president lost his grip on power and fled to russia. let's go live now to kiev and speak to jonah hull. tell us a little bit more about how this anniversary is being marked. >> reporter: -- >> apologies we're having trouble hearing jonah hull. we'll try to speak to him later in the program about that commemoration going on right now in kiev. well in the east of ukraine, the government and pro-russia separatists continue to blame each other for violating a fragile ceasefire. ukraine's military says separatists who have taken the key rail hub of debaltseve have
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fired on their positions nearly 50 times in the past 24 hours. while separatists say ukrainian forces have violated the trust more than 20 times on friday alone. paul brennan has more from the eastern city of donetsk where a school has been hit. >> reporter: in central donetsk the sound of explosions never really stops all together. they have been exchanging fire as if the ceasefire deal in minsk had never been signed. on thursday night this school took a direct hit. the school only reopened three days ago. five times in the last six months this school was caught in the cross fire of the artillery duels between the separatists forces and the ukrainian army. five times repairs have been made. they just spent more than $2,000
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putting repairs in place. no one was killed by the sense of grievance is enormous. >> translator: we spent so much money, so much of our hard work. we changed all of the windows. the money was collected by the parents of the children. we even tried to bring the school back to normal but you see what happens. they shell us. thanks very much, poroshenko. >> reporter: hitting this school even accidentally could scarcely be more counterproductive. the geography teacher has spent 20 years assembling the artifacts here. the souls of my ukrainian ancestors are here she says. it was so beautiful. and now they tell me i'm a separatists and terrorist? it's unbelievable.
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helping the cleanup effort are these 15-year-old cousins. >> translator: we feel all emotions simultaneously but most of all we feel insulted. we were living here everything was normal and then they came and started shelling us. >> translator: the fact is by shelling us, the ukrainians are shelling themselves. >> reporter: a few streets from the school another of thursday night's shell strikes landed in front of this residential block. many residents already fled. a few returned to surveillance the damage. and all the time the sound of nearby shell fire continued. >> translator: it's very difficult. when you come out to the street you are afraid. i tremble with fear. i'm scared of a shell landing next to me and tearing me apart. it's such a terrible fear. in all of my life i have never felt as scared as i do now. >> reporter: their experience
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contradict those who claim the battle of debaltseve has only been the significant violation of the minsk peace agreement. for now the only lesson being learned here is that in ukraine ceasefires work only on paper. a report by the u.n. independent international commission of inquiry on syria, says there has been an exponential rise in the perpetration of war crimes crimes against humanity, and human rights violations. the investigators are considering releases the names of the war criminals to put them, quote unquote, on notice hoping this will act as a deterrent. they are said to have tortured, kidnapped, and executed people. syria's ambassador has called the report bias from the beginning. the commission also proposes an
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international tribunal be set up to try war crimes as explained to us by a member of the u.n. commission. >> we're here delivering our ninth report on the situation in syria, and we have appeared in an informal session with the security council. and we have called for assertive measures against the violators, including refer cases to the international court or to refer cases to an ad hoc tribunal along the line of what has happened to yugoslavia rwanda and so on. we have proposed other entry points in addition to refer to an international criminal court and inviting countries to use their national laws against their nationals when they perpetrate crimes in syria. the u.s. military commanders are preparing iraqi and kurdish forces to try to recapture the city of mosul from isil
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fighters. washington, d.c. says the operation is planned for april or may. the u.s. lust provide training and air support. mosul is iraq's second largest city and home to more than a million people. isil captured it last june. imran khan has more now on what could be a street by street battle for mosul. >> reporter: for the last month or so the ground has been prepared for an all-out assault against mosul city itself coalition air strikes have cut off a major supply route. and kurdish peshmerga forces have taken key bridge heads in preparation for the assault. however, getting 25,000 troops for this assault up in place will take a little while. also the iraqis from learned from the defeats they have faced against isil and they say they
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are much better prepared now to take on isil fighters, but there is a big issue that nobody seems to be talking about, and that is one of civilian casualties. there are a million civilians within the city of mosul itself effectively being held hostage by isil. this is going to be a street-to-street battle and we have seen isil be able to repel iraqi forces before. so civilian casualties are going to be a big issue. the prime minister at the outset said we do welcome this help but we need to avoid civilian casualties. one of the major opposition leaders in venezuela is in jail. his arrest has already sparked protests as tom akerman now
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explains. >> reporter: this is the moment when the opposition mayor was lead away by security forces the insignia of venezuela intelligence agency is seen on some of the vests. aids to the mayor said the men did not identify themselves or give reason for the arrest. hours later hundreds had gathered outside of the agencies' headquarters demanding the mayor's release. his wife spoke to al jazeera. >> i hold the president personally responsible for my husband's safety. >> reporter: after the arrest, maduro took over national tv networks and ook cued the mayors and others of plotting to tom the government last week. >> translator: he was captured to be investigated according to venezuela justice for the crimes committed against the peace of the country and the security of the constitution.
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>> reporter: maduro said the plotters had the backing of the u.s. government. the u.s. state department called that claim, quote, base less and false. human rights watch said without presenting evidence venezuela quote faces another case of arbitrary defense of opponents in a country where there is no judicial independence. the government oversights plots to overthrow it without producing hard evidence. the government has faced massive food shortages and spiralling inflation. one of the main opposition leaders has spent a year in prison. on wednesday hundreds of people gathered to mark that anniversary. tom akerman, al jazeera. it's name was onesie anonymous with madness abuse and horror, bedlam which is one of
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the oldest hospital institutions in europe and is now a museum. >> reporter: pictures depicting mental illness guard the entrance to london's museum of the mind. the statures refer back to a time when bedlam as it was known was a place of chaos and cruelty. today they pride itself on its progressive care. the hospital's museum offers an incite into the past and present methods of dealing with mental illness. the work exhibited here done by artists who have been personally affected. this is a visual and performance artist, for years she has experienced extreme anxiety and come pulse if skin picking. the work depicts her illness, but her art has helped her turn her life around. >> i have had a connection with the gallery for a number of
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years which has enabled me to work with others who are suffering from anxiety a, and this has been kat -- cathartic. there's no other word for it. >> his exhibitions show how publish perception have changed. but those who have experience with any kind of mental illness would say there is much much further to go and that the taboo surrounding it mean that people who need help very often don't get it early enough. >> we don't talk about it enough still, so the vast majority of people who have depression for example, never receive any treatment at all. some might go to their doctors for physical complaints and that doesn't get picked up as a psychological dimension. other fear losing their jobs or their fear if their tell their family that their family will treat them differently, and less
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well. so people very often don't get into the health system and when they do they find the support available isn't engaging enough. >> reporter: changing perceptions has taken time but what this museum proves is that creativity is a powerful channel for dealing with mental illness. ♪ childhood. >> i never felt a connection to anything or anyone. in. >> misty copeland stumbled on to talent. >> as soon as i stepped into the ballet studio i started to realise that this is beautiful, and this is challenging. >> but she had to fight for the right to dance. emancipation. >> being in a public school and

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