and trading one life for another. these africans. >> i chose this because i found a job. >> welcome to al jazeera america's international news hour i'm stephanie sy. >> and i'm antonio mora. we are following a breaking story out of moscow, the murder of opposition leader boris nemtsov, gufned down dwunned down less than two -- gunned down less than two days before he was to lead a rally against putin. victoria gatten by has the
story. by has the story. >> nemtsov was an outspoken critic of putin he had been governor of one ever russia's biggest cities. after leaving you parliament in 2003 he had helped establish and led several opposition parties. he was murdered just two days before a major opposition rally he was due to take parts in. russian president vladimir putin has condemned the murder, taking the investigation of his murder under his personal control. victoria you geant gatenby, al jazeera. earlier tonight senator you
expheanringyou you johnsenator youexphean senators you john mccainsenator be john mccain retweeted a picture of him. >> they are a rare and endangered breed in russia. opposition figures of fru and are few and far between. he would speak very plain shoot from the hip and he would call a spade a spade as some people would say. he said that putin was corrupt and he told me in sochi when he was campaigning for mayor there before the olympics because he simply wanted to have some place
to lamp a launch a political plats form for freedom of press and speech in russia. fight the facts he was a former deputy prime minister he ran for mayor of sochi. i said, boris you're not going to get elected here you're north going to get on television what are you doing here? he says i believe in the end all of them will go to jail and i believe it will happen in my lifetime. >> and of course he exposed corruption in the sochi winters olympics, through a report. as investigators look at motive, his colleagues said he was preparing a report that showed are corruption in ukraine, can you comment on that? >> he was preparing a report that essentially said putin was the guy who pulled the trigger on ukraine, he was the guy who ordered troops in, troops have
gone in despite putin's denials and he was the one that set the fire in ukraine and he is responsible. he even told a magazine earlier this month that because of his criticism of putin's policies and actions in ukraine that he feared for his life and he believed that he might be murderand he told that to a magazine. so i mean this is a chilling event in moscow. there have been murders of journalists, there have been murders of prosecutors, there have been murders of some political opposition figures but this guy i can't think of a larger opposition figure in russia than boris nemtsov. he was supposed to be attending and helping to organize a rally which is supposed to take place on sunday condemning putin and his involvement in ukraine. what's going to happen on the street. it's going to be very very interesting, it is potentially a seismic political event that has just taken place in russia. i don't think tomorrow it is
going to be the same then. >> a lot of questions about timing. dana lewis, thank you. earlier i spoke to fred wier. wier believes someone is trying to make waves in russia's political system. >> putin's spokesman said it had all the earmarks of a contract killings. people got out of a car shot him in the back between four and seven times got in their car and drove away. it was a gang land-style hit against him. and putin's president putin's spokesman said it was likely a political provocation. so it's -- >> what does that mean? >> well, it means that putin wants to make it very clear that he isn't responsible. but of course boris nemtsov was one of the most prominent
opponents of the kremlin. he was a former deputy prime minister he was at one point considered a presidential contender. he has made the anti-putin case more eloquently than any other politician. and on sunday, we are to have a big rally the first big opposition rally in moscow in many, many months and nemtsov was to have been a featured speaker there. so it -- i mean the killing coming at this time throws a wrench into everything in moscow. it makes moscow look like a wild and lawless place. of course it casts suspicion on the kremlin and the kremlin haws moved very past in damage-control mode to cast suspicion anywhere else it possibly can. >> that is the question. who other than the kremlin would be interested if this was a contract killing? and as you said, nemtsov was an
early opponent of putin when putin started rolling back democracy at the turn of the evacuee, just after the turn of the century. so who other than putin and his allies would have an interest in killing this man? >> this is a very big and complicated country. it's not simply putin plus one. and there are a lot of political forces including forces to the right of putin who might very well wish to create this kind of a -- well i think little political crisis. >> what will the repercussions be? >> well, i think at the rally on sunday there will probably be a far greater turnout than there might otherwise have been. i mean as i said, boris nemtsov was not an obscure personage everyone knows his name and the shock will run in waves through this society.
>> how much power, how much of a thorn in putin's side was nemtsov? >> well, you know this is a country where, in the last century alone two great states have collapsed. and gone move. and their ideology, their security, everything went. and so if you're sitting in the kremlin, as putin is and having created a version of that traditional russian state you're going to be worried on principle. opposition figures do take on a much largeer countenance than they would in another kind of society. but having said that, i don't think it was in putin's interests to have nemtsov killed. i think it's someone who's doing it for one reason or another to embarrass putin or to royal up the society to -- roil up the
society to create more waves in the political system. it is a very complicated place. it is not simple at all. but there is no question that the killing is going to really change the climate around here. >> opposition leaders say they plan to hold a mourning march for nemtsov on sunday. >> now to our other top story another one of mexico's most wanted drug lords is in custody. police say no shots were fired during his arrest, francisco gomez is wanted in the u.s. for cocaine trafficking. became one of mexico's most ruthless and wanted cartel leaders. as head of the knights templar coercion of business and political leaders. he also had a $2 million bounty
on his head and part of president pena nieto's most wanted. jom holmanjohn holman is in mexico city. >> one of mexico's most wanted men taken without a shot. francisco gomez known as la tuta, ran one of the largest drug organizations, knights templar. extorting farmers shopkeepers and anyone who they could squeeze extortion from. gomez said he was a man of the people. >> at that time i was a born trafficker, they wanted to kidnap my family and i didn't allow that. i'm not going to compare myself from any character from history. i don't want to make the comparison and i'll tell that you very easily.
but why did pancho villa and em emelio zapata. establish rule of law.about. >> under the past few years the cartel was under threat, first from vigilantes, then from a federal offensive in the state of michoacan. authorities conducted man hunts across the state of michoacan to find him. his capture could giver a boost to president enrique pena nieto in the be aftermath of 43 students being kidnapped and killed in guerrero state last year. aing recent list of killings say michoacan's problems go beyond just one man.
john holman, al jazeera mexico city. today several strong cartels are struggling for power. >> sin lowealoa cartel operates as a confederacy of cartels. >> led by five brothers, four have now been arrested. the cartel moves cocaine from throughout mexico to the u.s. corridor along the u.s. mexico border into texas. it has loins egg with alliances with the sin sinaloa cartel. against other cartels the
group of's brutal methods led to a vigilante revolt. chief of international operations for dea the dea. are you surprised with the anticlimactic apprehension of la tututa and the timing? >> i was actually surprised that la tuta was taken alive because he has professed for a number of years that he would never be taken alive by mexico's security forces. but this morning when he was arrested and not a single shot was fired and he gave himself up you know very readily. >> tell us more about la tuta and how knights knights templar was different than other cartels?
i know he named his cartel and had a code of conduct. >> the knights templar are a break away organization from the familia, la tuta became the ruthless head of this cartel and he probably had one of the most convoluted mind sets of any cartel leader. he had this code of ethics where he professed that his devotion to god and family, but at the same time, with would dismember his rival. he was trafficking a lot of methamphetamine. at one time he controlled all of the meth am methamphetamine traffic in mexico. >> this was a big deal, coupled with arrest of joaquin el chapo guzman, does it mean the mexican
government is close to destroy these networks? >> the pena nieto administration has actually crippled a lot of these cartels. the biggest arrest obviously was chapo guzman about a year ago. so the capture of gomez la tuta probably has been the biggest one since the capture of el chapo a year ago. the impact remains to be seen. we don't know if the vacuum is going to create a splintering and infighting within the knights templar. we do know that there is a lot of conflict right now between the knights templar and the new generation cartel, based jalisco, mexico. >> how do the arrest of these
big king pins actually affect the drug trafficking in mexico or for that matter here in the u.s? >> a lot of the organizations are crippled as a result of that. there is a lot of in-fighting for geographical areas especially along the border area. however, the movement of drugs and i'm talking about heroin, marijuana, cocaine still continues across the board. i think that the leadership has been crippled and when you talk about the other setas the other organizations, the only remaining significant cartel leader that remains is mioio simbada that assumed the reins of control when chapo was captured. >> thank you for joining us this
>> in context tonight, the second round of talks between u.s. and cuban diplomats. >> although they ended on a hopeful note, rosalyn jordan reports one major hurdle has not been overcome. >> stephanie and antonio they feel their teams have made some progress but feeling good about the efforts to reestablish diplomatic relation he between the two countries but there's a big sticking point. that's the fact that the u.s. has placed cuba on its state sponsor of terrorism list and
even though there's a review as to whether cuba should be removed from the list, they disagreed with how to to resolve this situation. >> it's not a true condition but a very important priority for cuba that we hope is addressed. and is solved. in the process towards the reestablishment of diplomatic relations. >> today was productive and encouraging. in open honest and sometimes challenge yet always respectful conversation we addressed the requirements of each side and the differences we identified in our first discussion in havana, a month ago. >> reporter: now there were some areas on friday where the lead teams made some progress and they included some agreements on how to deal with things such as improving internet access to the island, trying odeal with preserving and producing the marine life on the
island and the tricky issue of human rights, some which the two sides have long disagreed on. stephy and antonio back to you. >> thank you rosalyn. john havelick, good to have you with us. both sides say they're optimistic but is did anything noteworthy emerge from today's talks in d.c? >> the fact that the talks are taking place isalities a good thing. the fact that we have -- is always a did thing. first round in havana, second in the u.s., third is the more important. the first two media and members of congress who are watching and governments from throughout the world, you are going to understand you get together the first time get to know one another try lay out your positions. but by the time you get to the third meeting there needs to be concrete agreements and i think
time line requiring something to happen or a group of things to happen before the summit of the americas in panama is a good thing put some pressure on them. >> it does but the third round still has not been scheduled and the big divide seems to be as rosalyn jornldrosalyn jordan showed us, secretary kerry said it cannot be a part of the negotiations. is there any doubt the obama administration is going to go ahead and do it? >> no. they're going to do it. i think one of the challenges for the boumddiene isfor the obama administration is, the removing ever cuba from the state sponsored terrorism l i think the administration is
attempting to delink them but the reality is they are very much linked. and cuba needs to come off the list because in order for any of president obama's december initiatives ohave some teeth particularly in the finance side cuba's got to get off that list. >> they are limited from any kind of banking operations because of being on that list, right? talking about the time pressure -- >> yes -- >> time pressure you mentioned even if they decided to remove cuba from the list my reading of how this works there's no way this can happen before the april 10th summit of the america where presidents obama and castro are going to see each other. the u.s. says it wants normal relations since then. so is cuba going to have to be one that compromises? >> president obama and i'm going to use him specifically, but presidents are able to interpret laws, interpret regulations
interpret previously issued executive officer orders. yes, the legislation and the rules written require that 45-day notification. but we've already heard during the last several weeks from officials in the obama administration both on the record and off the record that they may feel there's a work-around. whether members of congress agree with that is going to be another thing. but i think that clearly the united states is more interested than cuba in having a flag raising in havana along the malacon before the panama event. from the cuba afnn standpoint, that isn't that important to them. their interest of venezuela is far more than their interest in the united states at the moment because since the december announcements, cuba has got an lot of benefit without having to do anything and that's hard to take away. from the cuban stand i don't
like to say they're sitting pretty but they're in a good position to basically say to the administration, this is sort of what we need, and you need to find a way to do it. >> on the other hand, venezuela struggling and we'll have more on that later on in the show, john cavelic of the u.s. trade and economic council pleasure to have you with us. thank you. optimism about the warming relations, andy gallagher spoke with a couple who went to dance their way to prosperity. >> reporter: this is the brandon city ballet in central florida, a small dance company with large ambitions. its autistic director okay taif director
octavio came to the u.s. alone. most in his family, like many in the area, he's nervous of relations. he especially wants change for cuba its people and his family. like ricardo annie ruiz diaz made the decision to defect. she has a dancing career but a clear goal in mind for future. >> translator: my ultimate hope and dream is that my family joins me here in the united states. even if the situation were to get better in cuba pickup but i realize it is a personal decision and i would understand if they didn't want to leave their country. >> reporter: in all the brandon city ballet is home to three cuban dancers who recently
defected. they all came to the u.s. for a better life but they're realistic about the pace of change. >> it's going to take time from both countries in my humble opinion to kind of get to a good relationship and you know, something that can be really good for the cuban people. >> all three of these cuban dancers that made the long but difficult journey to this small dance company are watching the negotiations carefully. tempered by expectations of what might happen in the months ahead. andy gallagher al jazeera brandon, florida. >> while the soldiers withdraw their weapons doctors and nurses in ukraine are having to deal with another crisis. when we come back. >> the terrible impact on the children in the quon flict zone. >> we'll talk to the daughter of the jailed mayor of caracas. that's next on al jazeera
>> welcome back to al jazeera america from both of us i'm stephanie sy. >> i'm you antonio. we'll talk to jailed mayor you toanttoifntantonio ledezma. headlines around the world. turkish police detained a man who said he had a bomb park his car outside the u.s. consulate in istanbul. turkish news agencies have described the 33-year-old as unstable. istanbul has been on high alert since january when a suicide
bomber struck. in recent weeks kurdish fighters have forced i.s.i.l. out of 100 towns and villages. a new report from several human rights groups say i.s.i.l. fighters have abducted injured and killed thousands of civilians in northern iraq. the report says millions of people have been forced to leave their homes and i.s.i.l. has killed or raped. >> greece has olife line but the country still faces an april life line to convince rowrs row zone partners. germany's finance minister says he will not let greece blackmail
fellow euro disoafn zone members. withdrawing heavy weaponry under the peace agreement signed earlier this month. conflicts so far has claimed more than 5,000 lives. the fighting is also forced over a million people from their homes near the fronts lines. many others have been unwilling or unable to leave. local hospital he that suddenly turned into trauma units are struggling with staff and medical supplies. paul stratton has the story. >> are are they are too being stunned to know what has happened to them or their town. >> as soon as they they're slightest sound or noise.
just imagine what the children feel. >> as the fighting raged hospital was caught in the cross fire. a third of the treatment rooms were rendered unusable by slap then. >> 90% of the children have psychological problems. it is the fright when the bombs fall and the fear after they have landed. they have problems with theirs speech stammering and stuttering. and they lose confidence in their parents when adults are frightened they get frightened as well. >> the current pause in the fighting hasn't stopped the flow of injured and ill arriving here. it's just shifted the emphasis. as the guns fall silent the attention is being directed at post-conflict injuries. horlivka's main hospital treats adult casualties. people like 69-year-old nah tal 69-year-old
natalia who was sitting at home when a piece of shrapnel sliced off her hand. >> so much blood everything is destroyed i so much want the war to end as soon as possible. >> this civilian hospital baimg hospital became a front line trauma unit. >> on the 29th of january we received 74 wounded people, most of them soldiers. among them were burns victims from land mine and shrapnel. on that day heavy fighting was going on in debaltseve and they brought all their injured to us. the flow of patients was never-ending. >> back in the children's unit bit by bit two-year-old barbara is being treated for her stomach infection. like so many here she doesn't really care what made her ill she just wants it to get better.
paul brennan, al jazeera horlivka. >> in venezuela a petition drive is underway by students and opposition leaders calling on the government to repeal a measure to allow deadly force on protesters. after a 14-year-old was shot dead by police during this demonstration on tuesday. the measure was be put into effect last month in venezuela. be a newspapera paper in venezuela has printed its last. here is our report from caracas. and note we are not naming our correspondent because of security concerns. >> the last issue of a venezuelan daily. following a handful of very costly lawsuits that some say
are politically motivated, being forced to scale back to publishing weekly. for many of the journalists working here this cut back is yet another example of how the government has silenced dissent. >> translator: they are seeking total hegemony over the media. so there are fewer and fewer spaces to criticize what is wrong. they have tried to create not only a single unified message for the country but also a single narrative for abroad. >> reporter: during the last 15 years they have chronicled the administration under hugo chavez's bolivarian project. written in the name of the president's infant daughter are considered. >> lie and manipulation. these people have wanted to
disqualify their leaders. what they have written cannot be be verified by truth. >> i still feel not defeated, i feel cornered but not defeated. i trust in the kindness of of our people and those who built this country. this country didn't just pop up out of nothing. >> fewer and fewer options many talk of emigrating. yet, for the news editor, the greater risk is seeing the country's key institutions gradually vanish. there i will have fewer options to protect me and fewer options in the future. i believe it makes osmaller country more provincial more backwards. we will become a nation that looks backwards instead of
forwards. >> be paqual is a long list, its enclosure to estee variety of opinions that makes for a robust democracy disappear, and the added risk of losing some of the country answer brightest minds. al jazeera caracas. >> meanwhile, an attempted coup, venezuelan authorities allege the plot was instituted by caracas's mayor you antonio ledezma. audiotapes of a detained military officer admitting there was a coup plot and claiming he was offered visas visas by the united states and britain. allegedly has discussing post-coup transition plans. the opposition says the audio
was manipulated and the allegations are false. >> the daughter of jailed caracas mayor antonio ledezma. >> thank you antonio for covering what is going on with my father and my country. >> wrote you a powerful letter saying this is a critical moment in venezuela's being history. what do you think of the speaker of the venezuelan house, he is a very close ally of maduro's, these allegations that your dad was involved in this coup and master-minded it? >> this is totally false. they haven't shown proof to support these allegations that you are mentioning. as you may have heard my dad was unlawfully unfairly taken away from his office on thursday, he was kidnapped because 150 armed policemen showed up. taking my dad away, not explaining to us what were they
doing to him what were they taking him absolutely nothing not communicating not one word to his lawyers. for five long hours they made us go through worst ecological terror which was telling us not what they were doing to my father what were their accusations, no warrant for his arrest. so this shows the characteristics of a kidnap. >> and he is the latest of dozens of mayors the opposition mayors the government has put into prison acknowledge many political leaders in jail including leopoldo lopez is the opposition succeeding because they are putting so many behind bars? >> of course not, this is the fear that the government has for strong opposition. this shows the government is in a terminal phase.
by killing us, jailing us for thinking differently only shows the government with their days counted. >> the piece we just showed was very powerful how the government dissention is silencing accident. it talked about how the variety of opinions in venezuela is leeding to the disappearance of a robust democracy. losing the brightest minds because people are leaving the country in droves. >> we are losing all of our brightest minds. one of the largest oil companies have completely deteriorated. all of the institutions are controlled by the government. >> and that has led to many problems -- >> we are in complete bankruptcy. the government has ex provided, corrupted, taken so much money
from our country that we're going through one of the worst financial crises that we have faced. >> today maduro attacked the medias saying specific tv stations are on a coup against him, most are in government allies. are things getting even more out of control? >> yes, they are getting out of control, that's why the government is trying control not only the news channel the radio stations, they want to tell us the way to think. they want the country to be -- we're suffering a deck dictatorship. a dictatorship, they feel country is theirs, they can always be in power. and when this happens it becomes dangerous. >> your dad has called from prison for more protests. do you think the protests will continue and how is he doing?
>> he's very strong, very sure and the sacrifice of his freedom he feels is not going to be in vain. we deserve change, a better quality, we deserve quality of life. and i hope the protests will continue. we need to fowk on focus on staying together as ang opposition because we are the majority in the country. >> the opposition seems to be the majorities, with polls saying maduro's popularity is barrelbarely at 20%. good luck to you and your father. >> thank you. >> coming up, finding hope in the land of opportunity but the locals are rolling up the welcome mat. and the test for democracy in the african nation of lesotho
>> all right, you're taking a live look to congress, scrambling right now to prevent a partial shutdown of the homeland security department. that would lap at midnight if this does not pass. a short time ago the senate passed a one week funding bill, one week. the house is voting on that measure right now the stopgap measure. republicans are using the must-pass bill to block deferred deportations for about 5 million undocumented immigrants. ironically the [ ayes ] wouldimmigration andcustoms enforcement would be the least affected department of governments. being being the vote will be coming up. governments across the globe are dealing with the flow of immigrants. >> somalia is one such place
despite its history of instability and violence some immigrants from ethiopia sees it as an opportunity. it's proving to be a challenge. >> the message is clear. they are not welcome. somali soldiers are willing to enforce this with be whatever is necessary. migrants in, risk jail time or a hefty fine. >> translator: most of them come by foot, because most vehicles refuse to bring them here. we can deport many of them and we will continue sending them back. we cannot cope with this number of migrants. >> but these men told me the threats of deportation will not stop them from trying their luck. abu walked for four months to get here. be along with other ethiopiaian
migrantsother ethiopians. >> i went to aman to find work but was deported. i'm staying here. >> this neighborhood was exclusivelyingexclusivelying ethiopiaianing ethiopian migrants. >> we are not happy with their presence. they brought many problems in terms of health. we don't know what health issues they may have. they brought criminals to this town like people-smugglers. they're putting pressure on the jobs market. >> he knows that this is not home but he is not going anywhere. soon he will save enough money to bring his wife and children. al jazeera somalia.
>> yesterday in our off the radar segment we examined the dramatic increase in prioriticy off the coast of somalia. four thai fishermen held captives are now free men. their boat seized in april of 2010 and used by the pirates until it ran aground a year later. six members of the crew died, another 14 were released in 2011. somali pirates are still holding at least 26 more hostages. >> in tonight's off the radar segment, lesotho residents are going to the polls. >> almost half a century ago its be independence from britain. >> average wage is just $570 a year. >> in 2000 the u.s. signed the
african growth and opportunities act, a trade program with african boosting lesow lesotho's garment industry. >> 80% of the quloats made clothes that are made there are made for u.s. mega brands including the gap and walmart. >> erica pitzi has the story. >> in one of his final rallies before the election the current prime minister makes a me for votes. thomas tobane is trying to get an outright majority rather than having to take part in another rocky coalition. >> another coalition, so many this is for the future. and the future is a week away. >> the 2012 election resulted in
lesotho's first coalition government it was hoped to solve problems but didn't last long. in june facing a vote of no confidence the prime minister disostleddissolved the parliament. technical main opposition democratic congress party blamed tobane for not working with its coalition partners. it is promising to make changes. >> to restore the dignity into the office of prime minister which has been brought into such horrible disrepute by the current prime minister, to destroy the confidence of the people in their own government. >> this country needs a stable government. the u.n. has identified it as one of the least developed nations in the world. has one of the highest rates of hiv and more than half of the nation is living under the poverty line.
the independent commission says the being country is ready to go to the polls. >> they have resolved to vote in a government and win will with a vengeance. >> it is going to a free and fair election? >> of course it is going to be a free and fair election. everything has been made very transparent. >> the army has promised it will stay in the barracks but the city police and regional forces will be providing security at the ballot boxes. the people of lesotho will be looking for a government that will bring them stability. erica woods. being al jazeera lesotho. some observers say the country does risk losing its trade status if there's no resolution in saturday's vote.
you. >> these are live pictures from the house of representatives where after a day of back and fort votes in the senate and the house it looks like they've finally agreed to extend the funding for the hoasmedz department but only forhoasmedzdepartmentthe homelandsecurity department but only for one week. 80% of the blind who have jobs use braille every day. but among children literacy rates are down. only 50% can read braille. when san francisco bay area teen teamed with intel to make braille accessible, our being
jacob ward has the story. >> shubham banerjee sets a new start. he's 13. >> i've always thought of myself as a i norlg normal teenager. when he was 11 he got a leaf let about knowledge blindness and braille. and asked how blind people learn braille. >> i learned that 90% were living in developing countries. i knew i had to do something about that. >> he built his own out of a lego kit. >> i worked with it for hours and hours. >> he fiddled with the printer
of his father an engineer at intel. >> he said dad i got one dot. oh it works let me see. >> his father went on to invest $35,000 on an improved version. shuham's shubham's version. >> the second version it's not lego it's a real consumer product. that will be launched into the market. >> we spok spoke to shubham and his dad, at be braigo, company he formed for the printer. >> how was he when he was oyoung personal? younger than he is now? >> he was pretty inquisitive when he was a child about. >> now shubham's dad tries to protect his intellectual
property. >> they themselves didn't know how to handle such a young guy with setting up company setting up the pay end things have changed for us as a family. we also have a daughter so we have to maintain the -- both siblings at the same level. >> how do you do that? that must be hard. >> it is very difficult. >> shubham says he has lots of plans beyond this project. >> i'm going into high school now, i'm not dropping out of school anywhere. i plan to finish college. >> good. >> yeah, and maybe do something in the engineering field or the medical field. >> what if this doesn't work out? >> amazing part of silicon valley is failure is part of the equation. so even if it fails okay. you've tried it. be and okay, that's fine. move on. to the next one. important thing is that very confident, this is going to work. >> jacob ward, being al jazeera
santa clara california. >> go braigo. this is it for al jazeera's international hour i'm stephanie sy. >> i'm antonio mora. i'll see you again in an hour. >> gone and some say forgotten. >> all coy do was just -- all i could do was just keep praying and keep praying that's all. >> a year since little relisha rudd vanished. what's been done to find her? >> we have exhausted a lot of resource he. we will continue to do so. >> what has been done to