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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 1, 2015 11:00am-11:31am EST

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>> thousands of russian march in moscow to honor critic of the kremlin who was murdered on friday night. >> tehrans influence grows in yemen as a plane arrives in the capitol for the first time in many years. >> departing on a crucial and historic mission. >> israel's prime minister heads to the united states to address congress angering the white house. >> near melbourne a sort of airplane that debuted during the
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first world war this marks the 100 year anniversary of the fighter plane. >> now it's a rare site in moscow thousands of protestors marching together. these are pictures from the russian capitol live. the march is in memory of boris nemtsov, a vocal critic of vladimir putin shot dead friday night. rory challands has more are. >> not since the anti kremlin protests of 2011-2012 ever we seen so many people on the streets of moscow in opposition to the government's policies. thousands and thousands came out and marched down the embankments behind me, up and round st. basil's cathedral past the place boris nemtsov was shot dead friday night.
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as you would expect for a memorial march this was a fairly quiet affair, some chanting generally dignified as the crowds marched past. the only thing to indicate a hitch was the arrest of a ukrainian m.p., a rather bizarre event. he wrote on his facebook page, saying he'd been detained by police on the march they took his passport, they hit him a little bit now they've taken him away for police detection. this is confirmed by interfax, the russian news agency, saying that the police are holding him potentially because he's wanted in connection with an event in odessa in ukraine on may two 2014 when a labor union building was burned to the ground and many, many people were dead. that's the only hitch so far that we know about. on the whole this has been a large, but peaceful affair.
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>> iran's influence in yemen appears to be growing a plane flew direct from iran into yemen's capitol sanna. they will now fly 14 direct flights a week. some politicians in yemen fear weapons and fighters will be transferred to yemen with the flights. >> the decision to operate regular flights between yemen and saudi arabia came two days after the houthi gave a speech in which he attacked saudi arabia and described the relationship between yemen and saudi arabia as one of subjugation and humiliation. today, the official announcement of the decision to open this line the official news agency now under houthi control describes this as an implementation of the
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recommendations of houthi. they have sent high-ranking delegation for the first time and announced it, in the past they sent people to iran, but did not announce it, now it is officially described as a government delegation. actually, it is headed by the head of the bureau of the houthi movement, going to iran to discuss bilateral communications between the two country. >> a meeting today described sanna as a capitol that is now under houthi occupation. he said every effort should be done to reverse the situation and out of the the houthi's from there. >> the israel prime minister
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benjamin netanyahu is heading to the u.s. to deliver a controversial address to congress on iran's nuclear program. netanyahu plan to say speak out against an emerging deal between iran the united states and other world powers. >> i'm depart to go washington on a crucial and historic mission. i feel i'm representing all the citizens of israel, even though who don't agree with me as a representative of the entire jewish people. i feel a concern for the safety of all citizens of israel and the fate of the state and of our people. i will do everything in my power to secure our future. >> netanyahu's address to congress has been a hot topic on sunday morning talk shows in america. u.s. secretary of state john kerry said he hopes the speech doesn't turn into a political football. it's presenting a divide on capitol hill. >> every year, thousands of
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jewish advocates descent on washington. the goal of the committee conference is to moment the u.s.-israel relationship, one that's increasingly strained, most recently because this man john boehner the top republican in the house of representatives invited israel's prime minister benjamin netanyahu to address the u.s. congress without knowledge of the white house. >> the american people and both parties in congress have always stood with israel. >> the threats he and other hard-line lawmakers say the u.s. and israel face is a deal being negotiated by six world powers with iran over its nuclear program. the hawkish members of congress support netanyahu's claim iran is working toward a nuclear weapons program, threatening israel's security. that's why it's expected netanyahu's speech will urge congress to impose tough new sanctions. more than 30 members of congress say they'll boycott the speech. many believe it undermines white house efforts to negotiate a framework deal with iran by the
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end of the month. still, others resent any attempt to dictate american foreign policy towards iran, while at the same time ignoring hard questions about israel policies towards the palestinians. >> those in congress who take issue with israel settlement expansion in violation of international law and last summer's assault on gaza have until now remained mostly quiet. now, a rare rift over support of israeli policies is being exposed in congress and among the 6 million jews who live in the united states. >> what i'm seeing is that the bloc who says support for israel, support for whoever the government is, is shrinking. i think we're at the beginning point of a transition, and i think what netanyahu's going to do on tuesday is rub salt in the wound. >> another jewish organization jay street, has taken out a full page ad in a national newspaper
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arguing that wading into u.s. partisan politics will harm the u.s.-israel relationship. >> some tougher decisions are going to have to be made. >> it's damage that may be already surfacing. the u.s. president won't address apac this year, less senior members will attend and traditionally, the vice president presides over special joint sessions on capitol hill but on tuesday, joe biden will be conspicuously absent. al jazeera, washington. >> a group of syrian opposition forces rejected a peace plan for the city of aleppo. we have this report from beirut. >> some armed groups in aleppo took part in the meeting saying that the initiative is not
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comprehensive enough. for them a comprehensive solution needs to involve "the departure of syrian pat bashar al assad from power and the prosecution of what they're calling war criminals, so the opposition really has expressed a lot of reservations ever since this proposal was given last october. the opposition is asking why the initiative has changed. in october when the proposal was presented, it involved cessation of hostilities now involves the cessation of heavy bombardment. the proposal, really, he has repeatedly said that he is facing a daunting challenge. these are warring sides who don't trust each other. each one of them sees the other as i will legitimate. what he was trying to do was
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reduce violence in order to ease the suffering of the people, and how humanitarian aid in. the u.n. envoy hoped that if this deal was put in place some sort of political process can begin from the bottom-up. now that the opposition rejected this initiative outright, his proposal is in effect dead, and there is no other political process under way in syria. syrians, the war is going to enter its fifth year and statistics released by that the syrian observatory for human rights says in the month of february, more than 4,000 were killed. among them, 800 civilians. at the end of the day this initiative did not involve solving the syrian crisis, but theun hoped to tart somewhere and now we're really back to zero. >> egypt's highest court ruled that an article in the law regulating elections is unconstitutional, meaning a possible delay in the long
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awaited parliamentary poll. egypt has been without a parliament since june, 2012 when the court dissolved the main chamber. >> mali government signed a preliminary agreement with some rebel groups to end fighting in the north. further consultations asked for by some, saying their demands are not met for greater political control. >> the united nations said more than 1,000 died in iraq last month. 611 were among the dead with baghdad the most violent city. members of the iraqi army, including peshmerga and other government forces died. the actual total could be higher. the casualties in anbar province held by fighters from isil were excluded. >> we have the latest from
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baghdad. >> residents are continuing to leave the city of tikrit in preparation for a major military offensive to take it back. tikrit 160 kilometers northwest of baghdad was one of the first cities taken over by isil when they rolled into mosul in june. it's also a very personal fight for the iraqi military. it's near tikrit, at the air base where isil killed more than 1,000 unarmed new recruits. their families here are still trying to locate their bodies. as in other fights, this one will include u.s. air support iranian advisors, shia militias and sunni tribal fighters. it's part of the big offensive that will eventually take back mosul and other areas near the syrian border. officials here and in the united states appear increasingly cautious about when exactly that major ground offensive will be, saying now it requires much more
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planning, and perhaps a police force to take control after the major military operation is done. we spoke with prime minister abaddi about what that batting might look like. >> i think we are now discussing the whole operation of liberating by kicking daish out of iraq. i cannot give time tails. we are working within this year with the people of these places, they will be with us and are with us at the moment, and i think there is, well, i'm overseeing the whole organization of this military operation. it has to be military, security, and civil operation to look after the well being of the people after the liberation. >> iraq's national museum of archaeology was reopened after a video of isil smashing statues
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more than 3,000 years old at the mosul museum. abaddi appealed to other countries for help from looting an particular wilts and against isil. >> time for a short break. cute, but not cute enough, why some in china don't want a second baby, even though the 1-child policies been relaxed. plus. >> i'm nicole johnston in herat and afghanistan. businessmen here live in fear that a member of their family will be kidnapped.
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he's out there. there's a guy out there whose making a name for himself in a sport where your name and maybe a number are what define you. somewhere in that pack is a driver that can intimidate the intimidator. a guy that can take the king 7 and make it 8. heck. maybe even 9.
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make no mistake about it. they're out there. i guarantee it. welcome to the nascar xfinity series. >> tonight, the parents of captured american reporter austin tice. >> austin went missing in syria. >> campaigning for his release and maintaining hope. >> austin tice is alive. >> find him and get him home. >> a special "talk to al jazeera". tonight, 5:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america.
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>> welcome back. a quick reminder of the top stories here. thousands of protestors in russia's capitol marched in memory of boris nemtsov a vocal critic of vladimir putin killed friday night. >> a direct flight from iran landed in yemen. an agreement was signed between houthis and tehran to fly 14 direct flights a week. >> israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu is heading to the u.s. to deliver a controversial address to congress on iran's nuclear prom, speaking out against a deal being negotiate the with the u.s. and other world powers. >> argentina's president kirchnerner will deliver her annual address to the congress
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in a short while. it's a difficult time for her following the mysterious death of the prosecutor alberto nisman and also an election year, even though she's not allowed to run. we report from buenos aires. >> hundred was thousands of people gathered here outside of argentina's congress building to show support for this countries embattled president coveragener as she makes her very last state of the nation address of her presidency. this is clearly a response by kirchner activists by those calling for justice for the deceased prosecutor alberto nisman. people there were very, very critical of the government, all this eight months before an election campaign, in which the president cannot run but her political party can and so can her political program which the people here are defending.
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the president will underscore the achievements of her government in the area of human rights and social spending, but as in the past, she is unlikely to make reference to the country's soaring inflation rate rising crime and accusations of corruption against herself and members of her government. >> relations between venezuela and the united states have taken a turn for the worse. in caracas president make lass maduro announced all americans will need visas to visit from now on. shsome were accused of spying, the mayor of caracas was arrested last week, accused of plotting a u.s. backed coup. >> in afghanistan, one of the country's motor know
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notorious criminals has been killed. >> an armed body guard this is how well off families in herat get around these days. three years ago, he was kidnapped. he was six years old. his father now carries a gun and can't top worrying about his family's safety. the boys had been on a school bus when three men shot the tires and dragged him out of his brother's arms off the bus. they demanded $300,000. the family didn't have that much, so the kidnappers dropped the ransom to $50,000. he was freed after 86 days. >> before he was kidnapped, he was naughty, fast and bright. after, he became withdrawn.
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if the bodyguard isn't with him all the time, he gets frightened. he tells me, they'll take us again. >> herat is a prosperous city. the taliban is active in the countryside, but not the town. here the problem is organized criminal gangs. >> one of the main reasons herat has become a target for criminal gangs is because it's full of businessmen. it's a major trading hub with neighboring iran. this road leads all the way to the iranian border and herat is the first big city you reach after the crossing. >> more than 100 people were killed in herat last year. in so-called targeted assassinations. kidnappings are also common, but most people don't report it. >> this year, president ashraf ghani fired the herat chief of police and all 15 districts chiefs in a mass sacking. the new police chief said they
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need to build up trust with the community to get more information about criminal gangs. >> the terrorist groups, kidnappers and so-called taliban are not as strong as afghan security forces. they are small groups operating in a guerilla way. if the community cooperates, the criminals are nothing. >> the boy told us he didn't think he would ever see his family again. >> he said they beat me, showed me guns to scare me, they tied me up and moved me three times. the family still receives threatening phone calls from men they believe are the kidnappers. the boy is home, but still far from being safe. nicole johnston, al jazeera, herat. >> in hong kong, three people have been arrested at an anti mainland demonstration.
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police used pepper spray to disperse crowds protesting shoppers from mainland china saying local residents are encouraging them to come and shop. residents of the suburban district blame the buyers for distorting the local economy. >> there is a lot of anger. we just don't like how they drive up all the prices, drive up everything, and we aren't pen fitting from it. >> the chinese government enforced its one child policy for more than 30 years but the easing of rules a year ago hasn't led to soaring birth rates, only a small permanent of couples applied to have more children.
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>> this is her old job and she seems not to care that the easing of china's one child policy makes her eligible for a second baby. >> many young people don't want a second child. they don't even want the first. they even think marriage is too much of a hassle. >> on the face of it, she and her husband would seem to have it all. they're part of china's growing middle class. she has a well paid job with an investment firm. they recently moved into a three bedroom apartment. they are also both only children, which is why they qualify for a second baby. he is now resigned to his son being raised without a brother or sister. >> one child is too lonely. i grew up as the only child at home. my father has many brothers and sisters. they get along very well, but our one child generation can't enjoy having brothers and sisters. >> the government's been
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enforcing the one-child policy for more than three decades, but a social experiment to control population growth has also created a gender imbalane, because of the traditional chinese preference for boys. it's had another worrying consequence, as well, a shrinking labor force. >> the health ministry says only 5% of women entitled to have a second child in the city have applied to do so. now this same ministry, which polices the one-child policy which has led to millions of oh abortions and sterilizations is appealing to the women to have more babies. >> he has a son and wants a
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sibling for him. he and his wife have brothers and sisters, so their child can't have the same. >> to have a second child, you need to have more money, which we do, yet people like us are not allowed to have a second child. when my son leaves, my wife and i will be lonely. >> one couple that can afford a second child aren't allowed one, while another that could, seem unlikely to. al jazeera, shanghai. >> australia indonesia and malaysia are testing a new method for tracking planes over remote oceans. the system enables flights to be located every 15 minute, rather than the previous rate of 30-40 minutes. the technology's already available and 50-90% of aircraft. a plane went missing with 239 people onboard in march last year. >> i appreciate that it would have been very difficult without knowing what precisely occurred in the case of the flight from the outside but at least it
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would have tracked the aircraft to within 15 minutes of -- and done so simultaneously. the big difference, it wouldn't have taken us weeks to interpret the data and to find then where the engines finally stopped. >> 100 years ago airplanes were fitted with machine guns and the first fighter planes took to the skies. they were crucial to world war i battles then and to combat ever since. we report now on how australia is commemorating the birth of aerial warfare. >> in the skies near melbourne a dog fight is underway, one that replicates aerial combat that took place a century ago above europe and the middle east. the first word war is best known for long, drawn-out french warfare. this is a reenactment of one battle, when soldiers from britain, australia, new zealand and india attacked turkey.
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the so-called great war was also the first where air power played a significant role. from the very start of the war in 1914, aircraft were used for reconnaissance. pilots reported enemy positions. a year later, the planes became fighting machines. >> 1915 was a crucial point in the war when it comes to aerial combat, when they were fitted with guns and aerial combat dog fighting came into its own really evolved. >> andrew carter flies cargo planes for a living. flying these is his passion. >> the rotary engine, if you were holding down the trigger of the machine gun, as the propeller came in front of the machine gun, it would stop firing. it allowed you to come up behind another aircraft and looking directly at it, take it out. >> it was simple, deadly and a taste of the future of combat. >> airplanes like these were the
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forefathers to all subsequent military aircraft. ever since then, air power has been crucial to war. >> this weekend, 11 aircraft have been brought together to commemorate 100 years of aerial combat, these are replicas built to be exactly the same as those flown a century ago. back then, pilots had minimal training, life expectancy was said to be 16-18 flying hours. a mistake or bullet in the fuel tank meant death. later this year, australians and new zealanders will mark the start of the gallipoli campaign. this is the opening act of the commemorations. andrew thomas, al jazeera, melbourne. >> for the third time in over a week astronauts in the international space station
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carried out a space walk to install new docking ports. the cricky job involves 200 meters of cable and other equipment. the docking ports will be opening up later this year. >> keep up to date with all the news on our website there it is today a special preview of the ground breaking new documentary freeway cracking the system. the effect of literacy, the need for collaboration, and the edition instruction of the police. i never read a book. and never tried to read a book. >> we will examine the contributing factors to ill literacy and it's