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tv   Real Money With Ali Velshi  Al Jazeera  March 13, 2015 3:30am-4:01am EDT

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controversial. >> in his final moments he remained eloquent. he announced his death on twitter saying, terry followed it under the endless night then followed by two words the end. >> more news on aljazeera.com. >> flash point ferguson ground zeer who is right, who is on. it's in the eye of the beholder. life. >> every single person, there was a weapon, my weapon, and losing my weapon meant losing my life.
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psychological jousting that reveals a perspective that could be yours. >> my unconscious brain sees white people as safer. and black as threatening. i'm ali velshi, a special report starts now. >> why are you stopping him, what did he do? >> the officers took a hard hit. >> the officer has just as much right to go home to his family as anyone else. pure ambush, how attorney general eric holder described the scene you saw from ferguson overnight. the st. louis suburb is on edge, less than 24 hours after two policemen were shot during a demonstrations outside the ferguson police department. that followed the resignation of the city's police chief after a department of justice report about racism in the department he ran. the two injured officers have
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been released from the hospital. now, tonight, three perspectives - black, blue and you. blacks in ferguson, police on patrol, and the unconscious bias that lives inside all of us. we begin with the view from policeman on the beat. what do they see when they look at ferguson? >> it was only a brief encounter between 18-year-old african-american teenager michael brown and white ferguson, missouri police officer darren wilson, when it was over brown lay dead in the street. the city of ferguson erupted and the nation forced to confront old wounds around race and law . >> resume or were rampant about the killing. protesters accused dells of shooting the un -- darren wilson of shooting the unarmed teenager in the back as he was surrendering, arms up in the air. nine months later the department of justice painted a different pictures.
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after an investigation by the fbi, hundreds of interviews, and investigations into forensic evidence, the report clooded that: -- concluded that dells's actions do not warrant charges. the report examines the chronology. before moon, brown, seen in surveillance, participated in the robbery of a box of cigars from this convenience store, assaulting the store clerk as he left. a few minutes later darren wilson, pat the rolling the area near the convenience store confronted brown, a struggle ensued. the report concludes that brown used his right hand to grab and attempt to control wilson's gun. wilson fired, striking brown in the hand. brown ran 180 feet away, turned around and came back towards dells.
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dells. -- darren wilson. several stated that brown appeared to pose a threat to darren wilson as he moved towards them. he stopped firing once brown fell to the ground. by the time it was over darren wilson fired 12 shots at michael brown, killing him on the spot. the event sparked a conversation about race, violence and law enforcement. before the department of justice released the report we went on ride alongs with several police officers to understand what they see when they look at the events in ferguson. 43-year-old juan sanchez had been an officer with the city of sarasota florida police department for 15 years. the truth of the matter is any time you come into an encounter with a police officer, there is a weapon. there's always a weapon. every encounter i have with anyone there's a weapon, there's
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my weapon. and losing my weapon means losing my life. when i look at what happened in ferguson and the evidence that clearly says that the suspect went for the officer's weapons, there's not a question of whether he should of engaged him with a firearm or not. when someone tries to take the officer's firearm away, they made that decision. >> sergeant kenny has been with the police department for nine years, both his parents from cops. >> what about the police officer? here he is, 6 foot 4, skippy. the bad guys, huge. he committed a robbery and is attacking a police officer. now there's a scuffle over a gun. you don't understand what it's like to be given the task of winning every situation, and i'm
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5 foot 11, 170. 95% of the people i come across are tougher than me. a lot of people are in prison. but i'm going to win every time and will do what i can. the officer has just as much right to go home to their family as anyone else. i think people forget that sergeant eric boldan has been with the police department for 25 years. born and raised in saratoga. >> you do have a lot of police officers, it's sad to say, living on edge because of things they see in the media with african-americans. i have a 17-year-old son. i feel bad. i have to have the same conversations with him on what he needs to do if he is - has an interaction or comes in contact with an officer by way of a traffic stop or just a contact on the street. i don't believe that kauk asheses, you -- caucasians, you
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know a lot of caucasians. i have been travelling and stopped on the road. when i see the lights, i don't know, you know, even as an officer, how well trained the fer is that is coming up to my door three perspectives, three voices in an ongoing national conversation about race and law enforce. . those three voices scanned in contrast to -- stand in contrast to the opinion we gave you. next to ferguson, where citizens armed with cameras are barely able to contain their wage as they come apart apt the seams. >> this anger. i'd probably be out there with my guns too, because i know they want to kill me.
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the 102-age -- 102-page report from the department of justice payments a shocking picture of how some people are treated in ferguson. with officers using tears, and other force in violation of the first amendment. we have a story first hand from this man because of videotaping interactions. david says his goal is to help ferguson residents deal with the police. we have his story. >> reporter: before two officers were shot in ferguson, david whit could see it coming. he felt that rage himself. >> they have been killing us and our kids.
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this evil facing us every day. i'd probably be out there with my guns ready to kill. i know they'll want to kill me, now, because i have a family, it's getting there. i need to be fearless out there. my kids have to have a future one way or the other. >> he lives in a neighbourhood where michael brown was shot by the police. instead of a gun camera. >> they'll mess with the kids. i'll run up. >> reporter: he says he's gathering footage from a distance to help other ferguson residents, once people are stopped by officers, the police interaction. >> you are filming a juvenile. >> i'm filming the police. >> his parents might not appreciate that. >> why you go to stop him? what did he do?
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>> reporter: until a few months ago it may have been easy to dismiss david and his concerns. he has a criminal history across multiple states, spent time in prison and has personal reasons to strongly dislying the press. -- dislike the police. but now, after the report, it casts david's obsessive collection of evidence in a different right. according to the report: people are punished for recording public police activities. officers claim without factual support that the use of camera phones endangers officers' safety. the d.o.j. say people have been arrested for filming police, and in some situations crucial evidence could have been collected. it's a practice so common one
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ferguson senior citizens, who is part of the protest but afraid to show her face explained to this way. >> there's three types of law. the rich law, the middle class law and the poor law. the poor gets us middle class gets out on bonds. poor person gets gaol. >> without hard evidence. this is a hard evidence. without hard evidence the police word. >> that is why dade dedicated a room in his apartment to storing and cataloguing his footage. >> what can i do for you? >> you can't do nothing for me. i'm here exercising my right to film police activity, that's what i'm doing right here. >> all right. >> he founded the ferguson chapter of cop watch. residents. >> we ordered 200]. >> reporter:
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why 200? >> the thing is to educate. you can educate people, what time it was, where they were at, who was involved. >> my goal is to get underage, teenagers - i'm 35. my goal is to give the cameras to people that are 25 years of age and younger. with tensions so high, he's not giving the cameras away. he's training people how to use them lawfully, and not to antagonise police. >> hanging it around your neck, we don't want nobody to get shut putting the camera on, don't nothing. >> he joins me, you are coverage has been spectacular. when is police. >> the short answer, when it legally interferes with an officer. were an officer tell you put
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your hands up. and you say "wait, i want to get my phone out" sh that interferes with the officer said ability to do the job. >> there are other factors at play. depending which state you are. the audio portion may be legal. some states have laws in place. >> where both sides have to of. >> exactly. you, on one of your several trips to ferguson, you had your crew's equipment taken away. what happened? >> it was a strange situation. remember the scene when david is running to watch officers. at that points my photographer runs with him. i soon follow, and we are filming the interaction where he's talking and yelling back and fourth with the officer. when we get back the rest of our gear has gone. we thought someone stole it. other folks said no, no, it was the police station, the same police you were filming. we went to the department and said what's going on, and they
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say - this is where the storey gets fishy and one understands how intimidation is possible. they said we saw a valuable item, for safe keeping we put it in evidence. >> you didn't get it right back. everyone involved in the transaction on your side was black, the cameraman, you, and the guy you were following. >> that's what made it disturbing. they made us wait 24 hours, enough time for a story to pass over to get the equipment back. thankfully we got it back. >> with no further incident. >> with no further evidence. they say they routinely do this. i believe a small police dense with so many challenges, they would have time to go around and collect things in the street. it doesn't make sense. >> it's a fascinating story. thank you. >> next, shooting unarmed minorities - think it's intentional as race. >> think again. a fascinating look at the
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unconscious bias in all of us. >> are you still shooting unarmed black many. >> yes. and failing to shoot unarmed white men. that's a mistake i find i make commonly. >> studying deadly viruses. >> these facilities are incredibly safe, incredibly secure. >> go inside the study of infectious diseases. >> ventilated footy pajamas. >> protecting those working to protect us. >> we always have to stay one step ahead of them because they're out there. >> techknow's team of experts show you how the miracles of science... >> this is my selfie, what can you tell me about my future? >> can affect and surprise us. >> don't try this at home. >> "techknow" where technology meets humanity. only on al jazeera america.
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>> much research points to the widespread existence of unconscious bias. many people in our white majority culture have unconscious racial viruses and react differently to a white face and a black face. within the debate raging over cops and race is a troubling issue - the degree to which all of us are affected by unconscious bias. it turns out that unconscious bias shows up in people many assume would be the least likely to be race:
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our science correspondent jacob ward has this report. [ ♪♪ ] >> reporter: the students of u.c. berkeley, birthplace of counter culture and a leading source of peace corp volunteers may seem like the last group of people more likely to shoot an unarmed black man than an unarmed whiteman. according to a survey, you will find the same bias here as is gripping the nation. >> they will exhibit a bias you know runs contrary to their values. as troubles as the implications are for what is going on in policing. it's a compelling demonstration to cause us to exhibit behaviour we don't want to, negatively affecting others. >> this associate professor of public policy runs an unconscious bias study
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replicated by other scientists. >> instead of asking would you shoot a black guy faster, we look at the behaviour, and look at differences in millisons, and is reflecting an automatic unconscious process they may not be aware of. >> the trigger is here? >> the participate is told to shoot all armed targets and not hit unarmed ones. research shows subject shoots an armed or unarmed black person more quickly than whites. they decide not to shoot an unarmed white man sooner and more frequently than a black man. ian mcgregor is a senior. it was tough to avoid bias. >> i realise it will be a racial input. they were trying to consolidate what i was thinking. but then it's tough. i'm not a police officer, but i can only imagine stuff they go through.
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performing in the task doesn't make you race if. >> even researchers that conduct the study see unconscious bias affecting actions. >> reporter: are you still shooting unarmed black men. >> yes, and faming to shoot unarmed white men. that's the mistake. my unconscious brain sees white people as safer and black people as more threatening. >> i hate to admit it, i was rehabilitation. i just accidently shot an unarmed black man. >> you would be surprised. on average people respond the way you respond. >> we are going to flip the board around. there are two people predicted. as quickly as you can, point to the person you believe will be a criminal. >> as this test shows, blacks can demonstrate unconscious racial bias against those of colour. >> why did you shoes that. >> researchers say unconscious
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bias is how the brain deals with information overload. it stores 11 million pieces of information, but only process 40 bits at any time. bias is like a mental short cut. >> if our memory and recognise was conscious. it would be debilitating. as a result, societal stereotypes can rear their ugly heads, especially when involved. >> if you want to control your capable. >> reporter: these social scientists are trying to bring out unconscious bias, trying to bring it out in people like police officers. >> the professor issing about a justice database of police stops and shootings, in cooperation with the police departments tracking the signs of bias. >> the officer will be the first
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to tell you that it's terrifying when they come understand fire. the question is can they get to the point where the police officer focuses more on the hands of the suspect and not the colour, but what is in them. jacob ward jones me. you were under no obligation to tell anyone what the results were when you took the test. how did it feel to take part in the experiment and deal with the results, that you, too, were treating more black people unarmed than white people? >> it was a sobering experience to go in, even though i knew what was it was i was supposed to do, to make the common mistake, which is not to fire on unarmed black men more frequently, but to fire on armed white men less frequently, i was giving white people the benefit of the doubt and waiting. that seemed to be a built-in bias showing itself, even in
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people that knew exactly what they were ding. >> an eye opening study that mentioned they were conducting the study. what can be achieved by shedding light on the idea of one's unconscious bias. >> i asked that question, and the professor's field is trying to wrap their minds around the long-term effect. can you eradicate unconscious bias by shining lights on it. he doesn't believe it's possible to turn it off. he believes you can habituate peel to make the right decision. if you get them accustomed to the idea that they are making a bias decision, you can slowly habituate them to start to counteract it. you know you are allergic to peanuts, so you eat less. you know you made a bad decision, so you take a little
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more time to make the decision. he nount in that that the train station he's trying to do with the police department, and a big national programme - all of that seems to have the effect of police officers making smarter decisions, having fewer officer-involved shootings, when they pull the trigger, less often than otherwise. it seems to have a positive effect, but it's early days. >> you are a man of science, one of the things police have to face is not just the unconscious bias, and habituting yourself to making better decision, i'm not if it's slowing the mind down. but they are making the decisions understand stress. we know our minds and habits and reflexes and reactions in defense of police officers in this country are different in conditions of stress. >> that's true. the conditions under which police officers are called upon
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to make split second decisions are unbelievable. they are combat decisions in some cases. you are talking about a whole other category of function. the thing is that it is being shown slowly and surely that you can change the training and logistical arrangements to change how police are doing their job. >> for one thing, the shift that you work, if you are a junior police officer, you work the nightshift. if you habit ute a young cop to seeing that stuff from the early days, studies show that that is part of what can make it harder and harder for you to make a rational decision understand stress. changing the shifts that young officers work can help to change these around. to see everyone up to the federal bureau of investigation director understanding that there is an unconscious bias in us all, and the way that is we run the law enforcement agencies reinforces the bias and allows people to make bad decisions on
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the basis of the bias. all of that seems to be - there's a chance of taking that. we live in a society. it's an excuse that someone uses. this is an interesting question. it goes to the opposite effect. professor and three other investigators are running as i mention of 40 national programmes to try to get statistics gathered on the racial identified of people who have been arrested, stopped, either on foots or in a car or officer-involved shooting. that data is an effort for police departments to try to get away from the oversight of the justice department in cases like ferguson, and, instead, to try to hand all of that data to an objective third party like professor glaser and his colleagues, trying to get him to look at it.
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the threat of litigation is, in fact, pushing police agencies to really embrace this kind of science as opposed to backing away from it it. >> what a remarkable story, thank you for bringing it to us. >> all right, black, blue and you - three per spectives of one complicated problem that is not going away. that is our show. i'm ali
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