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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 21, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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houthi special forces on the move following two deadly attacks in yemen's capital. i'm jane dutton live from the al jazeera headquarters in doha. also - more violence ahead of nigeria's election. more than 70 bodies dumped in the north-east of the capital. >> easing tensions. for instances from china, japan, south korea hold their first talks in three years. >> pushing the limits for the perfect grade.
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we look at india's latest school-cheating scandal. we begin in yemen where houthi special forces are on the move following attacks on two of their mosques in the capital sanaa. some units entered tiaz a site of regular anti-houthi protests and are heading south. 135 killed on friday. president abd-rabbu mansour hadi said the blast saw an attempt to during the country into sectarian war, as kim vinnell reports. >> reporter: worshippers scrambled to save the injured. their clothes sustained with blood, rescuers moving between bodies, piled high on the floor. this was the second suicide bombing in the space of a few minutes. the first attack detonated
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outside, having been stopped by security. the second took advantage of the confusion to cause maximum damage. that explosion was caught by those filming the fall out. >> translation: we were in the mosque during the sermon. we heard an explosion outside, near the security perimeter. it was apparent when the first explosion happened. it was in the mosque in the middle of prayer. they were there to blow us up. >> reporter: it was one of for bombs targetting one of two mosques, both attended by shia houthis. analysts dismissed assertions that the islamic state of iraq and levant is involved. >> i don't buy the i.s.i.l. propaganda, i think it's high lick unlikely.
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yemen -- highly unlikely. yemen doesn't have the ground for i.s.i.l. i think it was politically orchestrated. i think anyone who orchestrated them wants everyone to believe it's i.s.i.l. for political gains. abd-rabbu mansour hadi is using loi tribes to rebuild his power base. shia houthi fighters are in control. then there's al qaeda in the arabian peninsula, that has been act i-in the country. all sides filling the power vacuum and blame each other for the violence. >> he is obviously the one trying to gain from such violence all across the country. they can hold the world and push the country down a very steep slide towards anarchy and disaster. >> a quick resolution seems like
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a far cry as the death toll from friday's attack continues to grow sources have told al jazeera that an al qaeda-linked group stormed the local administration compound in yemen. 21 soldiers have been killed interested between ties and aden. the u.s. pulled out its forces from an airbase in the same province. we'll bring in a political analyst, and the yemeni chief from the post. joining us from sanaa. let's talk about the houthi troops who are on the move to tiaz. what do you think that suggests. >> very simple. the easiest way to haden is through tiaz. there are two ways for the houthis to go there aiden.
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they cannot do that because those two provinces are the stronghold. they'll have a lot of time. the easiest way is through the tires. they have no confrontation and they'll have few obstacles. >> excuse me jumping in here anti-houthi, aren't they? that could cause problems? >> but there's a big difference between going through and going through tiaz. there are hundreds if not thousands of militants opposing the houthis, but they are not militants, armed or al qaeda. protesting so it's a big difference over there. they are using the easiest way to aden to reach there. for our information, hundreds of
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militants have reached tees secretly. their goal was right now aden. there was a fine interpretation only if the army or the military react and confronts them. but the people will confront them in other places. >> you talk about them the houthis, trying to avoid al qaeda, and i wonder how their forces compare. who has the strongest hand yet. we know around the same time al qaeda stormed local government buildings and compounds in the city of al-huta. if they faced each other off, who is stronger. >> it's not about who is stronger it's about who has a stronger belief or ideological belief. al qaeda is willing to die. the houthis are willing to die. you can't judge who would win if
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two sides are willing to die under the thought that i'm dying, going to heaven. now, al qaeda has hundreds of troops who have the same but it depends on who is willing to sacrifice more during the clashes. this is the deal breaker if al qaeda and houthis clash. that is why the houthis are worried that hundreds of al qaeda militants fled two days ago, and yesterday you had dozens fleeing when al qaeda stormed. you had government buildings. again, it's about who had a stronger ideological belief. >> okay. thank you. i suspect we'll talk to you frequently throughout the day. >> to libya, where both parties involved in talks to reach a political agreement walked out.
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talks have resumed. a security vacuum has been created, exploited by i.s.i.l. the u.n. envoy said the pressure is on to find a solution. >> this should be a decisive moment because we are, as i said before in previous meetings running out of time. you know that in the last days we have seen more fighting. we have seen air strikes. we have seen other matters. not only in libya, but in the region. >> at least 70 bodies have been found dumped outside a down in in north-eastern nigeria. regional troops say many had their throats slit and some beheaded. the town was recaptured from boko haram a week ago by soldiers from chad and nigeria. no one claimed responsibility for the killings.
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>> security in northern nigeria is a major concern. it's suspected the issue will determine the way people will vote when they go to the polls. we have this report from maiduguri, a city that has suffered many attacks. >> until recently this was boko haram country. the fighters may have left the streets of maiduguri, but the threat they pose has not. which is why it's so extraordinary that people are turning out for last-minute election campaigns. defying the risk to better understand who to vote for. after six years of violence which left tens of thousands dead, there is a thirst for change. this man had a thriving business 100km north of
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maiduguri. then boko haram took over. and he lost everything. >> translation: three of my sons were killed. i lost everything in my houses stores and cars. if the people in charge of security cared, we wouldn't have reached this state. >> the government points to victories by multinational forces against boko haram. the mood is skeptical. >> why has it tan taken them too long to realise the problems. why now, before the elections? >> reporter: this anger is shared by many. a suicide bomber attacked this market a week ago. many were killed or injured. for most security is a priority. if a party is going win, they
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must convince the voters that they can deliver, on the perfect lives and property. >> in the last few weeks troops have dislodged the area that it occupied. fundamental questions remain. >> most of the this is one aspect. it is now secure. what the military is doing is winning all the battles in the places. they have not yet won the war. >> the government may have scored a point by reclaiming territories lost to boko haram. what is not sure is whether the victories are enough to win back support here come election day an independent inquiry says an australian immigration processing guard traded marijuana for sex with asylum
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seekers. the facility is on nauru, the 86 page report finding detainees were anxious about personal safety of the center. they ordered the inquiry after allegations of physical abuse had occurred. a federal judge said the obama administration had failed to prove that a release of photos would put americans in dangers. civil liberties highlighted the case of how prisoners had been treated in countries like iraq and afghanistan. >> still to come - we report on diplomatic efforts to people iran nuclear talks alive cheating to a new level. the length some parents go to to help their children get good grades.
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suffering of these children. >> director of unicef, anthony lake. >> every one of those numbers is an individual child. >> helping the innocent victims of war. >> what can unicef do? >> there's a very short answer... our best. >> every sunday night. >> i lived that character. >> go one on one with america's movers and shakers. >> we will be able to see change. >> gripping. inspiring. entertaining. talk to al jazeera. sunday, 6:30 eastern.
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>> sunday night. >> 140 world leaders will take the podium. >> get the full story. >> there is real disunity in the security council. >> about issues that impact your world. >> infectious diseases are a major threat to health. >> "the week ahead". sunday 8:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america. hello again. i'm juddon -- jane dutton on al jazeera america hundreds of houthi troops have been seen moving suth. -- south. 130 people were killed in a suicide attack on friday. 70 bodies dumped by a town in north-eastern nigeria. many had their throats slit and
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some were beheaded. no one is - no one has of yet claimed responsibility. >> the talks between rival libyan factions may collapse after growth groups walked out. a basic vacuum has been created. >> talks on iran's nuclear programme have been suspended until wednesday. the iranian negotiating team returned to mourn the death of the president's 90-year-old. participating nations are aiming towards a march 34th deadline for the framework agreement. >> translation: big powers released that the correct approach is understanding agreement. we have stabilized the nuclear rites and burnt part the
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nation's lofty goals. u.s. secretary of state john kerry is due to meet with a european counterpart to mend a lift. france is adopting the toughest line against tehran as the diplomatic editor reports. >> reporter: after six days of almost nonstop negotiation was the iranians. secretary of state was still being positive. >> secretary of state john kerry. how is it going? >> we are making some progress. >> reporter: secretary kerry head understood a lakeside restaurant, where he was joined by energy secretary, and a nuclear physicist heading the technical negotiations for the u.s. after lunch, news this the talks were being adjourned for now. >> we are releasing the talks. >> back next week. >> we made a lot of progress. >> earlier on the iranian
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foreign minister began a daily walk. saying he was ready to work through the weekend. he started a holiday. we heard that there were plans for other talks in the final crunch leg. why the sudden postponement. there are gaps between the two sides. secretary of state john kerry had to leave on sunday to go to washington d.c. for a meeting with the afghan president. there's another reason too. the mother of iran's president died and he is a main negotiator. the break will give the international negotiators, the so-called p5+1 time to make sure their position is unified before they return. it's emerged in recent days that france is taking a more hawkish line than the others.
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>> france has pled to tunisia to defeat terrorism on the 59th anniversary of independents. thousands gathered in the heart of capital where wednesday's protests killed 21 people. >> reporter: it's independence day in tunisia. that means flags and processions. it's a national holiday. celebrations this year have been overshadowed by a shooting attack two days earlier. >> the first challenge is a security challenge, and the challenge of winning the war against terrorism. tunisia is in a war against terrorism. we won't win if they don't stand together. >> there's a security presence on the police much not just the police, but the army. they are guarding the french embassy. the second largest party says the security measures need to go
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further. >> the countries are for terrorism in europe using special forces judges special prosecutors and special courts. that's how we should be fighting terrorism. >> tunisia relies heavily on foreign visitors be it travellers or tourists. an attack strikes a body blow to the vital sector. the vast majority of tourists want to go on holiday to a pleas that is stable. here in tunisia. the tourism industry is starting to recover offer the resolution of four weeks ago. the violence set back that process by years. this shop is off the tourism route. the owner has been running it but is too upset by the attack to consider what effect it may have on his business. >> believe me i was deeply
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moved. i imagined myself in their place. if i visited their country. i was moved because they are incident. they came to visit our country and us. >> reporter: another procession - tim time by people that came in by bus. their message that what happened at the museum had nothing to do with their country or religion. now it's foreign visitors deciding whether they'll come. foreign ministers from south korea, china and japan are meeting on saturday for the first time in three years aiming to resolve territorial and diplomatic issues dating back to world war ii. at the center of the dispute, claims in the islands in the east china sea which china claims, and the islands. it's hoped it will lead to leadership between the country's head of state.
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clearly an important meeting. why have relations got so bad? >> there are a number of different issues at play here. none more so than the legacy of the world war ii casting a shadow over the relationships between the three countries. south korea and china share a grievance. they were of course suffering war crimes at the hands of japan. colonisation and invasion. war crimes that they believe have not been truly atoned for by the japanese. they suspect that japan, under the hawkish prime minister shinzo abe is refusing to give the full apology, compensation that they have been demanding, and what is more reinterpreting war history of japan's role in that war, which obviously raises hackles in south korea and china. on top of that as you
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mentioned. ongoing territorial disputes. we have an asserted china pushing front ears making claims on disputes with japan. we have the dispute in the east china sea, and over south korea with another group with japan. we have various things raising the animosity level, keeping it between the three countries. enough thawing in relationships that we have the meeting going ahead between the three foreign ministers. >> with all of that in mind what are they likely to achieve? >> there is likely to be a carefully worded communique. they are in meetings at the moment. they are due to give a press conference within the next couple of hours, when we can expect them to come forth with a statement. this has been so long in the planning. careful preparations have been taking place.
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you can be sure they would have agreed every word of the communique that we get. it will be conservative stuff, nothing too radical, talking about cooperation and so on moving forward. people will be looking to see if there's another progress made to leave to a summit of the three leaders, one we have not seen in north-east asia for three years. if we saw to this year it would be a game changer in terms of diplomacy, diplomatic outlook in north-east asia. >> thank you for that. the world health organisation said the most widely used weed killer can probably cause cancer. an active ingredient in round-up herbicide, a product by a u.s. company, monsanto could be harmful. it's used on corn and soya beans, mainly that are genetically modified. the seed company says data doesn't support the w.h.o.'s
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claims. hundreds of students have been expelled in india for cheating during an exam. parents are to blame. they were caught climbing the school walls. the incident highlights a widespread problem within india's education system. rob matheson explains. >> cheating in india, on a different level. these parents lime up four floors of an exam building. folding answer sheets and throwing them to the children. >> inside it shows students passing notes to each other, under the noses of supervisors. >> local reports say the police accept bribes to look the other way. the state education minister denies responsibility saying it's impossible to prevent cheating without the cooperation of the parents. >> there are more than a million and a half taking exams, and
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more than 11,000 centers in the state. it's the responsibility of the government to manage a huge number of people. >> pressure on the 15 and 16-year-olds, exams are viewed as make and break for many. passing the test is compulsory to continuing education. with more students seeking to attend college and university than there are place, competition is fierce. graduating could transform the lives of millions growing up in poverty. 600 have been caught cheating this year and could be banned for three years, forced to pay a fine or even gaoled. >> let's talk to a journalist and director of the center for policy analysis in new delhi. good to have you on the show. the pictures are incredible the fact that parents can climb the
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walls and get the questions from the students passed back to the rernts what is going -- parents. what is going on? >> it's captured in camera. it's an unusual image. they have been photographed before. still, with people sending children, phoning in the answers - all kinds of things. cheating is actually institutionalized in our education system here. >> okay. you know i mean it would be amusing if you didn't realise the severity. you said cheating is an accepted norm. why is everyone complicit. where is nothing done to put a stop to it? >> i think there's more to that. in the districts, particularly and in government schools, we have schools running without
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buildings. science glasses. taken without laboratories. we don't have a system working at the grassroots. this is the struggle between educationers and government. you have to give allegation. schools running without desks, shares, the basic facilities. and the schools want the kids to get out. they promote them. when it comes to class, a board examination. outsiders examine your papers they are actually encourage the students to cheat and somehow pass that examination. >> okay. i can understand the authority... >> rather than putting a stop to it. >> sorry for jumping in... ..encouraging them to cheat. it will not help them get educated. >> it doesn't. which is why we are producing now - i mean that is a
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criticism we all make. a generation of students who are maybe literate but who are not educated. that is going to pose a major problem, which we are seeing in different aspects of society. of indian society. there has to be an overhaul. education has to be a priority area of the government rather than being given to ministers who - as a side portfolio. a lot more has to be done which we feel is not done. >> it will be a hard task from the bottom up. good to have you with us. >> thousands are gathering on the picturesque french island to watch what is called high tide of the century. the bay on the coast of normandy. it had some of the strongest ties in the world. the wall of water is expected to be as high as a 4-storey
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building. the solar eclipse and the superpoon is what caused the tide to swell to exceptional heights and stories found on the website. you can find them too. go they'll be there waiting for you. as the south by southwest festival, it is the largest gathering of aspiring film makers and emerging ini have tars. we are bringing you some of the best. neuroscientists are treating disease in ways they have seen nothing short of science fiction, and i catch up with one of the world's leaders that is making limbs that in every guy, emulate a biologic