its reamg special remaining special forces. and legacy of lee quan yew. singapore making it one of the most important financial centers of the world. good evening and thank you for joinsjoining us on al jazeera america, i'm antonio mora. >> and i'm stephanie sy. tomorrow ashraf ghani has an open meeting with president obama. >> but today ghani had a meeting with secretary of state john kerry. >> this is a major statement. of support our armed forces and
our security forces are going to greet this, with enormous welcome. because it gives them the assurance that the resolute support mission is continuing and that we are able to focus. on our key priorities. >> now on wednesday ghani will address a joint meeting of congress. jamie mcintire has a report. >> security was tight tithe even by security standards. center courtyard to hear afghan president ashraf ghani to's message. >> my message as the defense community and the diplomatic community, but mostly to the american taxpayer. the men and women you all of
you, who have made your hard earned dollars available going >> the exact amount is dispute somewhere between 2 and 4 trillion but the sacrifice extends far more than mere money. left 2215 dead, such as major general harold green killed last year and jeremy haynes, who survived the attack that killed the general and was wheeled in to hear the address of appreciation. >> you built schools dams and roads, and while the physical infrastructure is great and changed lives. >> ghani said afghanistan would not be a better to the united states in the future and the legacy would be a security
service that could fend for itself. dangerous dirty duty, crystal is a medic who served with the marines on the front line. >> first time away from home was a harsh experience for me. living out in the wilderness. and it actually grew me up quick. >> now 13 years after the september 11th attacks that prompted the u.s. to topple the taliban who were hosting al qaeda, many americans didn't know exactly what the war was about. >> if you are asking me why we were fighting them, i mean no, not terribly much. >> don't really recall. >> i don't know much about the situation on the ground but it sounds like what we were doing has not helped them progress in any meaningful way. >> jane horton knows exactly how many died. >> 2215. >> her husband christopher was
one of that number. an army commander who was killed in 2011. found president ghani's words beautiful and inspiring. >> a big step forward in u.s. afghan relation. >> jamie mcintire, al jazeera the pentagon. >> mike viqueria joining us now live from washington. as jamie mcintire mentioned nearly 2,000 troops are still in afghanistan. do we expect president obama to change his mind on the numbers when the two meet tomorrow? >> you can expect the president to be announcing the white house is historianing strongly at that. with many of the wounded warriors you see in jamie's piece, went to camp david where he met with the defense secretary as well as the secretary ofsecretary of state and
the ceo abdalla abdalla. ashraf ghani has one ask the troop draw down, the american troop levels now at 10,000 as recently they were at 130,000. he wants that 10,000 to stay as it is through 2016 that advise, train and equip role with the countertrornl aspect to it as counterterrorism aspect as well. john kerry the secretary of state was alongside ashraf ghani and here is what he had to say about ghani's request. >> president obama and president ghani have had regular discussions about the transition that's happening in afghanistan.
president ghani has requested some flexibility in that process. and it's our understanding it's our knowledge that president obama is actively considering that request. those discussions remain ongoing and those will really be the focus of the discussions tomorrow with president obama in the white house. >> reporter: now stephanie there is one aspect of the plan that is nonnegotiable. between 2016 and 2017 there will be no troops left in afghanistan. he is under no small amount of criticism, the senators expressing their criticism warning this the united states could face another iraq based on an arbitrary time of withdrawal. ghani may get his wish to keep
that elevated number of 10,000 in for an extended period of time. >> thank you mike. >> the general at tunisia, has fired some of his heads of security. abandoning his post during the attack at least 23 people were killed most of them tourists during the attack on the museum. and the attack has already discouraged thousands of people from traveling to tunisia. ministry of tourism has said 3,000 have cancelled their plans to visit tunisia since last wednesday. >> protesting a takeover in yemen by houthis. in ta'izz, houthi leaders use tear gas to disperse the
protesters. united nations envoy has told al jazeera that the leaders have agreed to meet in qatar. as charlie angela reports, the embattled leader is asking for military intervention in gulf countries. >> this is a country on the brink of civil war but the residents of ta'izz are not going quietly as thousands protest. in return they are fired on and tear gassed. their city, yemen's third largest was taken on sunday, with government buildings and its international airport now under houthi control. yemen is increasingly divided between a north controlled by the houthis allegedly backed by iran and a south dominated by support of president abd rabbu mansour hadi. now the country's foreign minister is appealing for help from the gulf cooperation
council to hold back the houthi advance. >> translator: nobody wants to be pulled into direct military action on the ground. the majority of us consider it a final option. however if we felt compelled and the ministers felt it necessary we would without question go ahead with the proposed plan. >> this is what a gcc force could look like. originally set up to respond to member states bahrain qatar saudi arabia and the yawb yawr united arab emirates. adding more might to the fight could force yemen into sectarian war with for powers back opposite sides. peeking in repeekingspeekingspeaking
in re riyadh,. >> we hope the conflict can be resolved peacefully and we are ready to respond to the president's request. >> caught in the middle. each day of fighting deepens the suffering in this country. charlie angela, al jazeera. >> still cooperating on security matters even though u.s. has withdrawn even the special forces that remain. >> true that that coordination would be more effective if there were u.s. personnel in the country. doesn't mean that this coordination has been eliminated but it would be more effective if u.s. personnel were allowed to remain in that country. >> also today the white house dended president obama's statement that yemen is a model for fighting terrorism even
though country appears to be spiraling towards a civil war. the white house said yemen served as a kind of template the u.s. has used and would use to fight al qaeda. let's bring in jim walsh who joins us from watertown massachusetts. jim good to see you. first the u.n. special advisor on yemen warned yemen has been pushed to the edge of civil war. i hate to say it but isn't he overly positive? isn't this already a civil war? >> (laughing) for a while it seemed like yemen was the little engine that could. it hadn't turned into iraq, hadn't turned into syria. in the last six months, year, the thing has really gone in the bad direction. especially with the fighting at the airport and aden and the
other things going on, saudi arabia threatening osend troops i must say doesn't sound good. >> we just got word the united nations is going to hold an emergency meeting on yemen. with the forces the u.s. left there to counter al qaeda in the arabian peninsula, which as you know is the most dangerous arm of al qaeda what does this mean to the u.s. special forces? >> it means we got nothing. the president can say way back when that the u.s. role in yemen was a model. it was a model of counterterrorism which is a very narrow bit of policy. but if you ignore the greater political situation, and your ally is ousted from office and the country descends into
terrorism, then at the end of the day, i would for all these policies, it is the locals to take responsibility for their own behavior. i think the houthis showed restraint but then i think they got tempted. you know everyone likes power and i think that -- >> if we are claiming it was a success -- >> yes. >> it feels like the gang that can't shoot straight. >> i think they got the counterterrorism piece straight but i agree with you that by ignoring or not putting as much emphasis on trying to hold the country together politically we lost all that. my own guess is in saudi arabia, in washington, in iran, all those folks are saying we should have done more than we did. they might not have been successful, they might have dlifn offdrivenhavedriven had off the cliff. but at this point. >> the capability of going after
aqap, how bad can this get? the houthis with iranian support, borders on saudi arabia the saudi arabian foreign ministers have accused iran of an act of aggression, if president hadi calls for them to help that they would help. could we see the saudis getting into a proxy war or maybe not even a proxy war a real war with saudi soldiers in yemen? >> yes, i think we could. there are different ways in which this would be a bad thing. first of all it means another country in addition to libya, in addition to syria, in addition to all these countries that now soon would become civil wars and failed states. instability is bad. it's bad for the u.s., it's bad for region. but you put your finger on something that's even broader. does this now become a pawn in a broader rivalry between not only
saudi arabia and iran generally who have been fighting proxy wars for dploo for years now after the fall of saddam hussein, pitting sunni against shia in the greater middle east? this could be a bad news of feeding this broader regional conflict which no one wants to see. >> jim walsh from mit security studies program thanks. >> days before a deadline agreement for framework for iran nuclear talks, more than 360 machining from both parties, signed a letter to president obama highlighting what they consider grave concerns. days after they sent an open letter to iran's leaders. talk on iran's nuclear program are expected to resume
wednesday. >> president obama comments in the run up to last week's elections netanyahu warned that airbus were flooding to the polls. he was trying to motivate his right wing supporters. the remark was seen as offensive and racist. >> translator: i know my comments last week oned some israeli citizens. this was never my intent. i apologize for this. my actions as prime minister including the significant investment made within our minority communities proves exactly the opposite. >> there would never be a palestinian state while he was prime minister. he remains open to a two state solution. the white house said his his apology was appropriate.
>> angela merkel greeted alexis tsipras today in germ germany. whether anymore any should pay more to greece for nazi atrocity atrocities threatens to bail out talks. >> it's an ethical issue. it's not just with greece. it's to the greek and german people who spilled a lot of blood in order to deal with naziism during that period of time. >> we want greece to be a strong country economically. we want them to have growth. we also want grease greece to come out of this high unemployment. >> merkel said a final agreement circulate not be expected from these talks. >> the way forward for afghanistan. >> as the country's president visits the u.s. a look at the challenges he faces back home. >> meanwhile protests continue over the mob beating death of a mentally ill woman in kabul as police arrest the suspects in
>> in context tonight we're going to take a closer look at u.s. relations with afghanistan p.today, u.s. described the situation as a revised partnership. >> productive meeting at camp david with ashraf ghani. a goal to extend funding for the afghan military. >> taking a look at the afghan military relying on millions of dollars for technical consultants and development programs. over that period afghanistan saw
double digit gdp growth. >> but it plummeted to 13% to 3%. the afghan national budgets is estimated at $7 billion a year 40% of the operating budget is funded 50 international community. >> part of afghanistan's economic problems stem from a culture of corruption. last year afghanistan was ranked third worst in the world for corruption. >> earlier today i spoke to mohamed khomi president of san jose state university. >> in the last 14 years the u.s. has made as well as the western countries have made a tremendous investment on afghanistan. but there's still a major development deficit in
afghanistan. i think given all of the sacrifices the young member and women of our military have been as well as the financial contributions that have happened to no country i think it's quite important that we stay the course and keep the focus for not only afghanistan but for the west as a whole. >> there is corruption in the government but there's also corruption in the country. and i know president england is ghani is trying to tackle that there but can he make a big enough impact there? >> i think he can. the last three decades of turmoil and the civil war and the soviet invasions and the taliban era he also recognizes that there is a lot that needs to be done for the country but he surely has the courage of
commitment and trying to hold everybody accountable. >> president ghani wrote in a washington post interview how far off is it that afghanistan is not reliant for u.s. aid? >> i think he is working very diligently and we have to look at countries that have gone through such changes, it takes a long time. but the first element and one of the core is how can he really build the human capital of the country. that's where education specifically higher education is going to be so important. and building human capital that we can give get -- get the economy moving. i think rite now it's very crucial that the u.s. and the west as a whole continue that support. because that support is going to be quite important given all of the investment we have done for afghanistan. >> especially, when you talk
abouting agricultural production, i want to ask you personal question. you were college roommates with president ghani he wasn't president then but at the american university of beirut what do you think is the weakness and strength of the president? circulate i've known him for 47 years. one of the things i've been impressed with him is from an early age he had passion and this consistency of commitment has been at least five decades that i have known. that makes him the strong leernd leader and the right leader in afghanistan. that's why he can move the country forward, he believes in accountability, transparent government, tough pined but fair. he is certainly not sentimental but he has the interest of the
country and the region in his heart and his mind and that's how he's working based on those principles is that have guided him for at least the last five decades that i have known him. >> and his greatest weakness? >> well i think all of us as human beings have weakness but what i would like to do is concentrate on all the strengths that he has and the strengths that he has is how he can really move the country forward as quickly as possible. i think that basically is where he's trying to see how the country moved forward in a short period of time. i think that has been his strength and also you can look at that as a way the country can move forward. despite reports of political division quaomi says, he is work with abdalla abdalla, secretary of state john kerry brokered a deal which makes abdalla chief
executive. 1989 after a decade of occupation. >> more than a dozen men have been arrested following public beating and murder of a female student in kabul. these men are accused of playing a role in the fatal assault of a woman, deb farkunda, she was accused of setting fire to the koran. the accusations against her are completely invalid. he claims she was religious and did not burn the koran. the mob burns of fakunda set off protesters for women's right. more than a dozen police officers who stood by while she was killed have been suspended. >> new hope warring factions in libya could agree on a unity government this week. >> bus mistrust is proving to be a tough obstacle to peace. >> across two countries the
>> welcome back to al jazeera america. i'm stephanie sy. >> and i'm antonio mora. coming up this half hour of international news, the families of mexico's 43 missing students are on a adjourn across the u.s. we'll tell what you they hope to accomplish. >> some say the pope performed a half miracle. >> i.s.i.l. forces have apparently embarked on a mission, 74 soldiers were killed in an assault today. it took place at an air base in homs province. i.s.i.l. fighters have seized property in central and western syria sometimes by defeating
other militia groups. >> the pentagon has warned 100 many100s military members, white house says the information on the list wasn't leaked or hacked. >> we obviously take safety and security of our military personnel very seriously. at this point there was no indication that there was a data breach involved here. it appears that the information that was distributed by i.s.i.l. was information that was freely available through social media on the internet. >> the pentagon says it's unclear if the list is actually connected to i.s.i.l. and the fbi says it is now investigating. >> the u.s. military's plan to build the new base on okinawa is on hold. today the military leader of the japanese island, plans for u.s. air base on okinawa has been a
sore subject between the u.s. and okinawa for 20 years. after ambassador debra jones posted comments claiming an air strike had killed eight innocent civilians, the head of libya's internationally recognized government is demanding she apologize claiming the rebels didn't kim anyone. the ambassador was working outside the air base since the capital was evacuated last year. al jazeera zeina khodr gives us an exclusive look in what is happening in the fractured and fully strupted disrupted city of misrata. >> there is no doubt that this
city in central libya is not only powerful within its own borders, its influence extends far beyond. misrata is located to the cease of tripoli, relies on the libyan dawn military lobbies to stay in power. the political power of that alliance sees seized the capital last year. misrata, acquired massive quantities of weapons during the revolution in 2011. ever since misrata just like all of libya's armed forces didn't disarm nor did they unite with other forces. but recently violence has escalated and there seems to be a growing misrepresentation that there is no military solution to this conflict. >> there were some voices who i
considered as extremist to a degree. fortunately there are a lot of people in misrata who recognize that the only way to make peace in libya and to move towards democracy is to have dialogue with all sides. >> reporter: but they also have a red line. the libyan dawn alliance is at war with general haftar's forces who backed the government in the east of the country. misrata and its allies have long accused him of being a terrorist. so far they haven't succeed. >> haftar only makes statements. he said the same thing about benghazi but he hasn't been able to take it. we tell him take benghazi first
and then talk about tripoli. >> rival sides are talking not face to face but the international community is trying hard to bring about unity. libya is at a critical juncture. worsening along the many front lines that divide this country. zeina khodr, al jazeera misrata pap. >> the u.n. even invoice to libya say the sides could agree on a eunt unity government this weekend. >> this time we are ready to do all that we have to do to support, it will not stay as it is, it will go worse and we have to make sure libya has a future. >> western powers have been brokering extended peace talks this month. they are concerned that libya is a breeding ground for i.s.i.l.
>> despite a ceasefire reached last month today ukrainians faced off in a seaside village near meubl. mariupol. >> army infantry unit known as the dragoon ride convoy has been moving through countries including estonia latvia and lithuania. from an exercise to showcase necessitating's ability to defend its neighbors. cuban aid workers are heading home, after fighting ebola. the u.s. is expected to bring home its remaining soldiers.
>> when ebola was at its worse last year, julius proud was trying to save those he could. and that's whether he caught the disease. >> fortunately i survive it. but working down the community people pointing finger at me, oh he is the one who came down with the virus he is the one who people see die and least the one, i mean, it becomes somehow discouraging and worrisome. >> even colleagues who showed notice symptoms were made to feel isolated. despite the stigma proud is back at work. he's beat the virus and says it's now time to beat the misinformation about the disease. that's what liberia's government wants to do as well. in a few weeks the world health organization had hoped to declare the nation ebola free.
that is not going to happen because of a new case discovered days ago. it's left people worried. >> very, very discouraged our children for the time of delay about their education and to hear that as a new outbreak of ebola is very very discouraging. and i'm feeling very bad about that. >> ebola has spread at an aggressive pace, crippling daily life. all schools were closed for six months. and in one year the disease has crisscrossed borders killing more than 10,000 people across west africa. experts have traced the source here in guinea, this is the place where it is believed bats infected a toddler. the countries infected hope the
worst is over now and that could very well be the place if this empty ebola treatment center in liberia is anything to go by. al jazeera. >> six months since 43 college students disappeared in mexico. now a handful of family and friends are coming to the u.s. to raise awareness of their abduction. the movement is dubbed care van 43 planning to visit more than 43 cities in a month. meanwhile, protests erupted last sunday, for the missing 43 students. the group arrived in mccallen texas, three days later they were in houston and today they arrived in new orleans. that's where our jonathan martin caught up with them as they make their way across the country in support of their missing loved ones. >> despite assertions from the mexican government that his son was killed, clemente rodriguez
refuses to believe it. >> i know that up to this day my son is alive. i don't know how long it is going to take to find him. >> she also remains helpful that her brother and two cousins will be found alive. is. >> translator: the version that the government gave us doesn't mass the evidence that exists and we know that they are lying. >> austrian experts have identified dna from one of the students. their relatives are among the 43 college students who vanished in september after a violent clash with police in guerrero mexico, where they had been protesting the government's policies. officials say the students were turned over to a local drug gang and their bodies were burned. now clement anaella and
representatives from the 43 have come to the united states for help. >> putting pressure on the mexican government if they are releasing our students, where they are holding them. >> they're hoping to raise awareness about their missing loved ones and the violence rocking their country. monday's stops included tulane university in new orleans. if the students are dead they want proof. >> the only thing we know is the reality, that these 43 students were taken alive. they were not abducted by the police officers from guerrero and the soldiers, and survivors from that night from that massacre their classmates saw them when they took them alive. >> over the edged weekend about
200 demonstrators marched to the mexican consulate in los angeles to raise awareness about the students' disappearance. though in the convoy are hoping to draw support from mexican americans. hopefully to blame for the violence in mexico. >> we believe that the u.s. government is responsible in part responsible for the situation of violence in mexico because of the support and all the weapons that the government has sent over to mexico. but those weapons have been sent to police officers and the army. and those are the weapons that the police officers and the army used to kill people in mexico. >> some people in which care van feel they will be putting their lives at risk by speaking out against the government but it is
>> french officials are trying to curb record levels of pollution in paris. according to one company that monitors global air caught, paris's air levels briefly surpassed deli and beijing. license plates were not allowed in the capital area on monday and transportation was free to encourage cleaner travel options. >> world leaders across the globe are honoring singapore's founding father lee quan yew tonight. >> he turned into an international financial powerhouse, president obama called him a true giant of history.
scott heidler looks as his electriccy. >> images of lee kahne yew overlook mourners. now it's to send their condolences. tony wong is a retired civil servant. he was a teacher for decades. when he heard the news that lee quan yew had died he was in pain but he thought it was important to bring his two granddaughters here. >> what he has done for us is a strong foundation. what is going to happen in near future is not going to be bad. >> flags were lowered to half mast. without lee quan yew singapore as the world knows it may never have existed. porn in 1924, the singaporean after training as a lawyer in
britain, he became prime minister a post he would hold for 31 years. under his direction singapore moved from a tiny city state to a stronghold of technology. freedoms were micromanaged along with the economy but lee's people's action party was returned to power again and again with his oldest son now prime minister. throughout it all he was unrepentant. >> if i took a straw poll and went according to the poll we would have come to grief. >> while freedoms were sacrificed lee repaid his people with economic miracle sealing a legacy as one of the 20th century's most important leaders. >> lee quan yew's body is now behind these gates for a private
family wake. on wednesday it will be moved to a public place where people of the state can pay their respects. a personal message while condolences from people around the world were being received throughout the day. scott heidler, al jazeera singapore. >> we are joined to discuss his legacy. singapore was extremely poor when he took over five decades ago. the quarter the size of rhode island, a tiny state. its economy is stronger than japan's, it will be the wealthiest economy by 2030. how much responsibility does lee deserve for that incredible success? >> lee has everything to do with it. we would not be where we are
without him. he studied countries around the world, he looked at the policies that worked that would work in singapore and says this is what we need to do. in order to survive this is what we have to do. so we owe everything -- >> is that the general opinion in singapore? because i know there is still significant wealth inequality but on the other hand more than 90% of people own their homes. >> uh-huh. >> so is he still considered? >> he is very many revered. it was very poor very small the way it was very chaotic there were race riots in the '60s. he came in and said we've all got to work together or we're never going to survive. if you look at singapore today there is a little bit of
dichotomy. my generation probably takes a lot of that for granted. we grew up with the inexpensive health care and everything and we sort of pushed back a little bit. we look to the west and say we want a limb more free speech -- >> he certainly has been accused of running a bit of an authoritarian state where at one point he banned chewing gum. >> yes. >> was this at expense of some human rights? >> to be sure there were a lot of restrictions when i was growing up and there still are to some degree. you know i think a lot of singaporeans will tell you those were necessary at the beginning. so many different races and so many different backgrounds, in such a small space you have to have rules in place. that is what happens. people of my generation looked and said what's the next step and so that's what you're
seeing, people are pushing back a little bit. >> why do you think he clearly commanded the respect of people like president obama and russian president vladimir putin and people across the board people who are often at each other's throats seemed to have respect for him. >> he was an incredible visionary, a very charismatic speaker, a lot of people from my parents' generation speak about going to rallies and hearing his radio broadcast of the 1960s. they heard so much energy, we'll go anywhere following him. >> one of his biographers said, he didn't care about the means as long as the ends he wanted for singapore were realized. is that the case? >> certain policies that a lot of people agree with disagree with and people, some of them didn't work
out too well, the two-child policy the speak good english campaign which resulted from the local chinese diaelects die dialects fading. that's what we're discussing now. >> see what the future holds but it's a strong base to go from, referred to as the miracle of asia. clarol thank you for being with us. >> thanks for having me. >> how the inability of families to find homes is fueling unrest. plus ruins of a suspected nazi hideout uncovered in a remote jungle in argentina. ftc.
archaeologists found five german coins dating back to 1942. researchers from buenos aires say. >> in our global segment we look at how outlets are reacting. der spiegel a smiling angela merkel superimposed over nazi soldiers during the greek occupation of world war ii. as the country tries to deal with crippling debt. alexis tsipras met merkel today he struck a conciliatory tone. he says the germany of today has nothing to do with the third reich. >> right wing candidate marine
le pen placed third yesterday in the first round still many say her stronger than expected showing is a sign of the stronger direction of france. >> discouraging corruption not celebrating people with ill gotten wealth. in an opinion piece the country's paper depicting jonathan as a wealthy man keeping the little man down with a barrel of oil. >> since the 2007 recession the u.s. has struggled to recover from the housing crisis, according to the national association of realtors, 57% were within reach of a family with median household income of $52,000. most of the affordable homes are in the midwest. on the other hand, there is central california where 96% of homes are out of most people's
price range. hong kong is also facing an affordable housing shortage. as rob mcbride tells us, it is a source of protest and not going away. >> reporter: it is house hunting hong kong style. a lucky draw for hopeful owners of the latest development. a chance to buy a 40 square meter unit in about a million dollars for a block that hasn't been completed yet. hong kong is hoping on developers to meet its target of over a million new units. >> so there will be sufficient supply on the street already. >> reporter: the question is where to build. environmentalists feel hong kong's parks now free of development will suffer. already home to hong kong's airport which is about to get
its third run way and currently expanded lan tow tow island is the new direction. >> new town planning, like we need to massive like large piece of empty land for you to do everything, start from zero. >> reporter: the government is well aware that any talk of building in hong kong's green spaces is highly inflammatory but it has to balance that with the pressing need for new homes in a city which is facing a housing crisis. kent lam and his wife nancy got married just two weeks ago. both are working proampletion and haveprofessionalsand have been saving for several years but have no choice but to move in with her parents in their small apartment.
>> translator: all we can do is go off saving. i have no idea how long it will be before we can buy our own place. >> like many of their generation, it will be many years before they have a down payment even to enter a draw for a flat. rob mcbride, al jazeera, hong kong. >> pope francis is said to make a miracle happen, at least half a miracle. he kissed a vial of blood. the blood has partially liquefied, in the presence of a pope since 1848. >> ask and yeah ye shall receive. made a person hand him a pizza. >> i'm stephanie sy. >> i'm antonio mora.
fault lines is next. i'll see you again in an hour. >> the united states is in the midst of the worst drug addiction epidemic in its history. but it's not a crisis of illegal drugs. it's one of prescription painkillers - oxycodone, hydrocodone, and other legal narcotics, all related to opium. collectively they are called opioids. >> these are the opioid painkillers. and prescriptions for drugs like these have more than quadrupled over the last 15 years - to the extent that the us now consumes more than 80 percent of the global supply of these drugs.