al jazeera america's award winning, investigative series... on al jazeera america > [ gunfire ] with yemen on the brink of civil war, the u.n. says they will hold talks in qatar hello, welcome to al jazeera, live from doha. i'm martine dennis. also coming up in the programme - we are in misrata to meet libya dawn a powerful militia accused of tearing the country apart. head to head - did they see eye to eye. greek and german leaders give
few clues as to how they go bust supreme court strikes down a law allowing people to be arrested by police for comments online first the u.n. special envoy to yemen says talks aimed at resolving the crisis there will appear in qatar. houthi fighters are in yemen's third-largest city tiaz. the escalating violence is pushing the country towards civil war. we have more. >> reporter: this is a country on the brink of civil war. the residents of tiaz are not going violently. thousands protest against the advance of shia houthi fighters. in return they are fired on and tear gassed. the third largest city was taken on sunday with government buildings and international airport under houthi control.
yemen is divided between a north controlled by the houthis, backed by rain and a south dominated by supporters of ousted president abd-rabbu mansour hadi. now the country's foreign minister is appealing for help from the gulf cooperation council to hold back the houthi advance. >> no one wants to be pulled into direct action on the ground. the majority consider it a final option. if we felt compelled and the ministers necessary, we would go ahead with the proposed plan. >> reporter: this is what a g.c.c. force could look like originally set up to respond to military aggression against saudi arabia united arab emirates and others, it is a force of 100,000. it made conflict of every day men, this fight. here threatening houthi forces
against entering their territory, and adding might to the fight. it could force yemen into sectarian war, with foreign powers backing opposite sides. >> speaking in riyadh the foreign minister hopes the conflict could be peacefully resolved. if not, countries of the region could take necessary steps. >> we are keen on representing the sovereignty. we hope that the crisis can be resolved peacefully, and are ready to respond to any demand that the president requests. either way for the people caught in the middle each way of fighting deepens the suffering in this impoverished country. >> talks between libya's rival factions are set to resume on wednesday. the u.n. special envoy says they are working towards a unity government. despite the talks, fighting continues. a prominent field commander for
a militia has been killed by rival fighters. they were killed by forces loyal to general khalifa haftar. el-araby was a main commander in the 2011 revolution against muammar gaddafi. forces loyal to the tobruk government say they have shot down a fighter jet belonging to the libya dawn militia. libya dawn backs the government in tripoli, but said the plane crashed because of a technical fight. one pilot died the other arrested. >> reporter: libya dawn's main political and military bases, the city of miz rarta, east of tripoli. they became the most powerful of the armed groups seizing weapons from forces loyal to the deposed leader and consolidated
their power place, and as zeina khodr reports, their support is key to a deal on a national unity government. >> it has long been criticized for acting as an independent state. it has been accused of using military force for political gain and labelled as a stronghold. misrata denies all of that. there's no doubt that this city in central libya is not only powerful within its borders, the influence extends beyond. >> misrata is located to the east of tripoli. to a large extent the government relies on the libyan dawn military alliance to stay in power. and it is the military and political power of the alliance which seized the capital last year. >> misrata has thousands of fighters constituting one of the largest armed groups. it acquired massive quantities
of weapons. since misrata, just like all of libya's armed forces didn't disarm nor did they unite with other forces. recently violence has escalated, there seems to be a growing realisation among the g.n.c. that there is no military solution to this conflict. >> according to the g.n.c. there were voices who i considered as extremists to a degree. fortunately there are a lot of people who recognise that the only way to make peace in libya and move towards democracy is to have dialogue with all sides. >> reporter: but they also have a red line. the libyan dawn alliance is at war with general khalifa haftar's forces who back the government in the east. misrata and allies accused
khalifa haftar of being a dictator, and are accusing his alliance of under lining u.n. brokered peace talks when announcing an offensive to capture tripoli. they have not succeeded so far. >> translation: khalifa haftar makes statements and said the same thing about benghazi but hasn't been able to do it. we tell him take benghazi first. >> rival factionses are talking, not face to face. the international community is trying hard to bring about tripoli. libya is at a critical juncture. the violence is worse nick. -- worstening. >> the u.s. state coalition stays it carried out eight more air strikes in syria, and six in iraq. i.s.i.l. suffered heavily losses from the strike, east from fallujah. a prominent leader and six body
guards were killed in the shelling a syrian regime air strike killed five people. this video showing the aftermath of the bombing in qatar. all those killed are believed to be from the same family. they have been under rebel control since late 2013 a link between east and west of deraa. 13 were killed by mortars fired by rebel forces. al jazeera can't verify the pictures taken from social media. united nations children's fund estimates that more than 11,000 children have died since the syrian conflict in 2011. tunisia's bardo museum is set to reopen. gunmen stormed the museum last week killing 20 foreign tourists. it's minutes from tunisia's parliament, home to a collection
of greater mosaics. a social media campaign is encouraging tourists to visit, despite the attacks. more than 3,000 bookings have been cancelled since last wednesday. >> india's supreme court just struck down a controversial law curtailing internet freedoms known as the information and technology act. it has made it illegal to place online: let's talk to our correspondent in new delhi. so a lot of people must be very happy by this ruling. >> many people are. the government themselves did admit that the law was abused from time to time but they didn't think it should be a reason for the law to be struck down. they had many people who disagreed with it because of the vagueness of the law, and that
it could be used arbitrarily. if anyone found anything they deemed to be offensive, they could use the law to file a police complaint. if the person making the complaint was someone of influence or wealth police would follow through with an arrest. one of the most infamous cases happened in 2012 after the death of a leader leading to a city-wide shutdown. a woman questioned why a city had to come to a stop. another liked it on facebook and both were arrested by the police. now, critics say abuses luke that were common -- like that were common in the country. petitions were failed saying it was too vague and draconian, which the supreme court agreed with can indians put anything they like online? >> well within reason. law for the internet has been struck down there are other
laws protecting criminal behaviour. this goes to the more broader issue of freedom of expression in india. many people complained that there has been a crackdown overall in the country, not just online. many small groups are considered extremist by some. they used thugs and goons to intimidate people who say or post online things they don't like or agree with. while indians have more legal freedom now. they have to be mindful of social and cultural consequences of what they put on the internet our correspondent live from delhi. lots more to come in al jazeera. including binyamin netanyahu - he says sorry. the israeli prime minister regrets his remarks about palestinians.
and express your thoughts the stream it's your chance to join the conversation only on al jazeera america let's have a look at the top stories in al jazeera. the special envoy to yemen says talks aimed at controlling the crisis will be held in qatar - possibility later this week. one killed, two others injured in taiz after houthi fighters opened fire. taking over much of the city on thursday. a member of libya's former transitional government told al jazeera that there's a growing realisation that the conflict will not be solved by military action. u.n. brokered peace talks are set to resume on wednesday. the indian supreme court
struck down a controversial internet law curtailing internet freedoms. the law made it illegal to post content online deemed offensive or menacing in character let's go back to yemen. the chaos called for the united states to scale back anti-terror. >> operations. as kimberley halkett reports, that will limit the ability of the u.s. to conduct training and intelligence gathering there as the security worsened in yemen, the u.s. government tried to reassure americans the consideration to pull out remaining operations will not affect the ability to fight groups like a.q.a.p. inside the country. >> capabilities persist to that day. >> reporter: six months ago in a speech to the nation president obama said yemen offered an
example in the terrorist campaign in the middle east much. >> the strategy of taking out terrorists that threaten us while supporting partners is one we pursued in yemen and somalia for years. >> without eyes on the ground many argue that that cooperation stops. >> intelligence stops plots within a home win. without that intelligence, we can't stop it. >> the u.s. backs president abd-rabbu mansour hadi calling for a no-fly zone and military intervention, the u.s. wouldn't comment, urging a political solution to the crisis. one former intelligence official said direct intervention is unlikely. >> this is a situation analogous to what we have seen elsewhere, where parties on the ground who don't see the interest as being proxies to some foreign power, nonetheless will accept help where they can find it to sort things out internally within
yemen increasing instability and sectarian division hampering u.s. counterterrorism efforts in a volatile region the sultan of imam returned after receiving eight months of medical treatment in germany. the state television showed him getting off a plane, appearing to be in good health. his long absence caused concern about the 74-year-old leader's well being, and he has no immediate heir the israeli prime minister binyamin netanyahu has apologised to the country's arabs over comments made in the lead up to last week's election. opponents called the remarks race itch. binyamin netanyahu warned that arab citizens were voting in drones saying a right wing government was in danger. we have this report. >> there was jubilation at likud
party headquarters as the numbers stacked in the israeli prime minister's failure. now as binyamin netanyahu nets his way to forming a new government, the comments made to get there are coming back to haunt. >> the right wing government is in danger. arab voters will vote in droves. left wing n.g.o.s bring them in buses. israeli palestinians make up 20% of the population. critics are calling the comments racist and divisive. in response he posted this on facebook. >> i know the things i said a few days ago offended israel's arabs. i had no intention of this to happen. i regret this. my actions prove the opposite. >> the joint alliance in the middle east is threatening to file a complaint against binyamin netanyahu on charges of in sitement.
rejecting the apology. >> he didn't call the leadership of the arab population he apologises because there's international criticism, including criticism from the united states. is this actions or words. we demand an apology on the ground. >> the u.s. came out swinging over binyamin netanyahu's campaign promise that there will be no palestinian state on his watch. speaking to jay street the white house chief of staff called the comments troubling. >> we cannot we tent the comments were never made making clear the u.s. foreign policy and its commitment to the 2-state solution will not be compromised. >> it should be based on the 1927 lines mutually agreed throughout. each state needs secure and recognised bored exercise there must be robust provisions
safeguarding israel's security. an occupation that lasted for more than 50 years must end. >> the u.s. is reviewing its relationship with israel and is taking a tougher stance. the white house says it could pull u.s. protection at the united nations putting traditional ties to the test now to the u.k. which is introducing new measures to count islamistic extremism. britain's secretary introduced the plans in london including statutory powers to ban so-called extremist speakers from public events and an investigation into sharia courts. may says the proposals are necessary for addressing what she argues is a rising level of extremism. >> islam is entirely compatible with british values and our national way of life. islamist extremism is not.
we must be uncompromising in our response to it. extremism is not something that can just be ignored. it cannot be wished away. it must be tackled head on the greek prime minister alexis tsipras met the german chancellor angela merkel in his first official visit to berlin. alexis tsipras warned athens is running out of money and will not be able to meet debt payments without germany's help. mrs. angela merkel remained form saying there'll be no new money without reforms. >> reporter: a first official visit to germany for the greek prime minister. some called this a showdown in the chancellor's office. alexis tsipras was received with pomp and circumstance. once inside mr alexis tsipras spoke of the need to reach agreements on a european level. however, there was also a strong
message for his own people. >> the differences between the two countries bring shadows over us. repatriations are not just material it's an ethical issue. it's not just about greece but for the greek and german people who spilled a lot of blood to deal with naziism. >> for her part angela merkel roped repeated a message. we want greece to have growth coming out of high unemployment and we want to make sure that this high youth unemployment can be overcome and structural reforms are necessary for this solid budgets is necessary, and a functioning glass is necessary. i think that is clear for both countries. >> beyond all this is the reality that german economic strength is helping to keep
greek afloat. costing many billions. >> and now a growing number of people say they have had enough. >> we can help to solve the problems, but the greeks must want this too. to give them more billions makes greek's woes worse in the long run. you buy time no one can expect that we will ever see that money again. >> but buying time can only go so far. because alexis alexis tsipras indicated greece could default on its debts within weeks. which helps explain why he came to the german capital to try to build bridges with the leader of europe's economic powerhouse. on the face of it there has been no tangible progress. the venezuela president is trying to gather $10 million signatures for a petition to end sanctions imposed by the united
states. g nicolas maduro says he will hand deliver the list of names to member states attending the upcoming summit of the americas. we have more now from caracas. >> reporter: these government supporters gathered to demand president obama withdraws a recent executive order declaring venezuela a threat to the u.s. president nicolas maduro is hoping to gather 10 million signatures at home and abroad to achieve the goal. >> obama - rescind your imperialist order. we have to get president obama to back track. our country is not, so the empire can do what they please no. >> reporter: to many in venezuela, the order is an affront to national sovereignty. over a million took to twitter or facebook or went to public
squares along the country asking president obama to resign it. >> we'll defend the country with our lives. president obama made a mistake, firing in the wrong direction. we are a peaceful country, we want to keep it that way. we are not going to allow him to deal with us as he pleases. >> government critics see little use behind the order. they see the law as a godsend that gives the government the perfect instruction. abroad regional allies like ecuador, argentina closed ranks behind venezuela. in a special meeting the bloc denounced president obama's decision. who the winner is in the latest impasse remains to be seen. >> what does this diplomacy seek. >> it's not clear if they wand a confrontation or reconciliation especially with the actions
leading up to the american summit. where important issues should be scuffed, and especially of a -- discussed, and especially of an historical moment. it looks like they want to divert attention to confrontation. >> this is the first time cuba will be attending the summit of america. it's anticipated the focus will be the reproachment of the island and the united states. the recent diplomatic spat may shift the focus elsewhere. >> with renewed diplomatic ties between the u.s. and cuba the region could see the end of half a century of geopolitical stand offs. many fear a few beginning. >> the sound of gunfire rings out across many u.s. cities on a regular basis. a system that detects the sounds is helping police catch the criminals as jacob ward now explains. >> reporter: in many ways oakland california is the perfect place to live.
it's warm and beautiful here an hour from the pacific. 3.5 hours. like so many american places this city is plagued by the sound of gunfire. >> it's not only incredibly dangerous, it's loud. the distinctive noise has led to a system allowing the police to detect fire almost the moment the trigger is pulled. shot spotter in newark is one of several companies that sell this system. the technology is born out of earthquake detection systems, used to spot snipers. the company installs microphones in neighbourhoods inflicted by gun violence. they can record conversations, and are designed to detect gunshots, they can trianglulate the location and notify police. 80 cities, washington d.c. and oakland are miked in this way. in new york, the sound of gun
fire was detected in the shooting of two police officers. it may also reveal an understanding. official estimates are based on 911 calls, which are tied to homicides. gun fire may go unreported when it doesn't hit anyone. when someone fires a gun, people call 91120% of the time. the -- 911, 20% of the time. the first challenge is four out of five times no one knows it happened except the person pulling the trigger. >> reporter: there has been thousands of non-fire-related firing. shots data suggests such incidents may be 80% with 25-50 times more rounds fired. >> if the american population knew how many shooting incidents there are in which bullets are flying through the air, and little kids are listening to
gunfire five, 10, 15 times a night. i think the reaction about the gun debate would be a little different. >> with 300 sensors in place between brooklyn and the bronx new york it may be the beginning of a new understanding that the sounds of violence have on public health. researchers say it can have a life-lock impact on a child's health. >> children are sensitive to the repeated stress act vasion. their brains and bodies are developing. high doses of adversity, not only affect brain structure and function, they affect the developing immune system. developing hormonal systems. and even the way our d.n.a. is read and transscribed. whether or not acoustic detention helps police in the city it may be revealing once
and for all how many guns are fired, and how that is affecting everyone in earshot. and don't forget of course you can keep up to date with all the day's developing stories on the al jazeera website. aljazeera.com. this is techknow a show about innovations that can change lives. the science of fighting a wildfire. we're going to explore the intersection of hardware and humanity but we're doing it in a unique way. this is a show about science by scientists. tonight techknow investigates gold at any cost. we travel deep into the rainforests of peru. these illegal mining operations extend for miles