tv Inside Story Al Jazeera March 27, 2015 11:30pm-12:01am EDT
arrived. >> kelly and two cosmo nawts cost cosmonauts blasted off for the space station and will stay there for a year. "inside story" is next. >> now that we know the crash of the germanwings jet was no coincidence, later on america's paper money it features presidents, war heroes, buildings, historical events, what have we left out just half
of the population. ready to make change, it's the "inside story." hello i'm ray suarez. the german newspaper build has reported that the 27-year-old co-pilot of the germanwings flight that crashed in the alps was hiding mental illness lubitz had been treated for a serious episode and suspended because of psychological problems. keeping tabs on pilot health, would there be any way to know if a member of the cockpit crew the next time you fly is being
treated for mental illness? lisa stark joins me now on "inside story." lisa what do they check about a pilot's health to keep that person certified to fly? >> reporter: well, those questions are being asked and reasked as you can imagine in the wake of this horrible tragedy. pilots obviously are rigorously screened. i'm using the words used by both the pilots union the main pilots union in the u.s. and the airlines themselves. rigorously screened when they're hired. there is some physical, mental, psychological testing that goes on. but really most of that doesn't occur as a pilot goes on in his or her career. they are checked every six months, to a year, in the u.s. they get a physical, depending on their age. it depends how frequent it is. and that does include some questions about their mental state of mind. is there a rigorous psychological testing as they go
on in their career? no, there is not. but the question is: would that help? and i think that is the big question everyone is asking now. because at some level you know people's moods their lives change as time goes on and when you do this testing it's a snapshot of what that person is like at that moment. it may not tell you what that person is going to be like three months, six months, nine months down the road. >> that germanwings flight like so many others started in one country and was meant to end in another. are the rules harmonized from nation to nation so that you can't shop for lower standards fly out of that country and end up able to enter another one because you've sort of gone under the radar? >> well, there are certainly international rules. but there are also differences. i mean we've seen this just in the two-person cockpit rule. after this accident it came out
the fact that in the united states when one of the members of the flight crew leaves the flight deck someone else has to go in. a flight attendant a reserve pilot, whoever else might be the official. that was not the case on this germanwings flight. that is now changing as you can imagine very quickly. all over the world. so there are differences. and there are differences in how pilots are screened, how many hours they might need, so there are differences. now, i did speak with someone today who is familiar with ikaa, the international flight organization and ik ikaa will be screening members. >> just to look at this, planning to do it soon, if a pilot on the front end presents in good health, good frame of mind, begins their career and
let's say develops anxiety attacks down the road, something you would not want to have a pilot of all people to suffer from it's up to that person to self-report? >> to some extent that is true. it is a trust system. i mean they are evaluated medically every six months to a year. there are questions about how are you sleeping, alcohol questions things like that. but again if someone said to me it's just checking some boxes i will say that the rules in the united states are and i believe this may have also been the rule in germany that if the pilot does not self-report medical problems alcohol problems, psychological problems, they are subject to a fine of up to $250,000 here in the u.s. and again, there are also systems in place set up by the faa and the main pilot union and the airlines to make it in a sense easier for a pilot to self-report. there are systems in place to allow them to go get treatment and then come back.
but still we know that pilots are loath like many people to sort of self-disclose especially if it's on something that could potentially end their career. >> whenever there's an accident that brings up a new wrinkle something you may not have thought of before there's this feeling of gee why didn't anybody they of this, isn't there systems to take over the plane if you were to get a rogue pilot who actually intends to crash it? >> this has been talked about it was talked about after the 9/11 attacks as well. the technology exists. someone on the ground could take over the plane and fly it. the military flies drones from millionsmiles away. first of all it could be very expensive. and then a hijacker could they control the plane from the
ground and perhaps hijack the plane? something more amenable to people is systems that would for example, in this crash you had the ground proximity warning system go off. the alerts were going off in the cockpit saying wait a minute, you're too close to the ground pull up pull up, the pilot didn't do that because he was apparently intending to crash the plane. but the plane itself would essentially take control and then take plane up if the pilot doesn't respond to warnings like these. so i think systems like this are going to get a hard look. but i think controlling planes, commercial planes, from the ground, that's going to be a tough sell. >> al jazeera america correspondent lisa stark thanks for joining us. >> reporter: thank you. >> coming up in america we don't change our paper money very often so a boy's club of historical figures have looked out for our money for more than a century. a century of breathtaking change
>> last week, a young girl wrote to ask me, why aren't there any women on our currency, ten she gave me a long list of possible women to put on our dollar bills and quarters and stuff. which i thought was a pretty good idea. >> welcome back to "inside story" on al jazeera america. i'm ray suarez. on america's paper money we feature presidents, war heroes, buildings and historical events. what have we left out? just half the population.
since martha washington graced the dollar bill with her husband, for marrying the guy? the 5 the 10, the 50, the 100 you could be foreforgiven for three reasons long dead white and a man. meaning half americans women have been permanently unrepresented. have women helped make the country like it is, women on 20, are wondering if you are willing to swap out george washington with many famous women. welcome to "inside story." >> thanks. >> why is this a big deal, why is it important to get it done and why are you trying to get it done by 2020?
>> well it's important to get it done because we really have very few reminders in our everyday lives of important women who have made enormous contributions to our country and we think it's long overdue that these women get recognized alongside these great men. why 2020? 2020 is the centennial anniversary of women's right to vote and we think that would be a great time to celebrate women with this new bill, and that if we start now, it is a long process and we may have enough of them in circulation by then that we may be able to really make you know a break through. >> at this point in the balloting online there are 15 women on your ballot, three will make it to your finals, along
with cherokee nation wilma mankiller. the first was frances perkins the first secretary of labor. why. >> very few people know -- frances perkins was the first woman cabinet secretary. the labor secretary for fdr if it weren't for frances perkins we wouldn't have many of the things we have today like social and child protection laws that really are important to all americans. she pushed that legislation through. and of course, fdr championed it and made it happen but she was the woman behind all of that. so to me she's a real unsung hero. >> if you travel around the world you'll likely see cultural figures on money. you don't see that much in the united states.
let's talk about rachel carson. the author. >> she was both a cultur culturallistalist and an author. research she was doing caused potential great damage to the environment. it was her popular books that really led to the modern environmental movement. the earth day that you know kind of galvanized the public and eventually led to the creaks of -- creaks of thecreation of the environmental protection agency. she wrote "sienl "silent spring" her most popular book while she was dying of cancer.
>> the brooklyn congresswoman shirley chisholm. >> she won on a major party ticket, she was a black woman she changed the thinking of the public of what black women could accomplish in this country. she was the first black woman congressman. she started you know as a grass roots organizer in brooklyn. she was a daycare operator, she was always a champion of women's and children's rights. she was the -- some of the most enduring legislation that affected the lives of women and children were her -- were penned by her. and she also was a force in creating the congressional -- the women's black caucus. so she's -- she was quite -- she
accomplished quite a lot. >> if you look at money all kinds of money there's a woman called liberty on it. but let's confine this to women who actually exist. sac georgiasacajawea does that count for you? >> they are mostly used for vending machine. the susan b. anthony isn't in production, it was introduced in 1978, it was minted for two years then went out of production and it went into production briefly in 19 99. sacajawea took her place and even her coin is in very low production now. so if you go to the bank and you get a roll of $20 coins you might get one or two susan b.
anthony, two or three sacajawea and the rest are john adams. we need more than token representation for women. >> is your campaign made harder the fact that someone last to go to make space for a woman? >> it is harder no question about it. but the president on the 20, andrew jackson, there are a lot of people who think that his legacy the negative aspect of his legacy is enough to ask for him to be moved aside. he's known more for the indian removal act that led to the trail of tears deaths of thousands of native americans as they were forcibly moved from their land to the west. and he also was a very fierce opponent of paper money.
he believed in coin, gold and silver coin. he didn't like the central banking system. he believed that paper money was illegitimate and he would be alarmed to see his face on any paper money as at all. >> susan stanton thanks for being with us. >> thanks for having me and vote! >> to put a new face on a bill, someone's got to come off. there's a a system for assessing changing money how do historical figures rise and fall over time and what do changes tell us about who we are and who we think is important? that's still ahead on "inside story."
features alexander hamilton and the $5 features benjamin franklin. sometimes your bill gets taken out of circulation the $10,000 or the $100,000. once you're on a paper bill you're on it for good. womenon20s.org. want a military man the face on the 20 the most likely candidate for replacement by a woman who has made a significant contribution to this country. i'm joined by douglas mudd curator of knew miss numismatic
association. and incrementally throughout most of our history? >> yes ray basically money tends to be conservative overall throughout history and american money especially because of its international role, is very conservative. and tends to remain so and has been for roughly 100 years right now. >> when is the last time we changed a bill this any significant way apart from expanding the size of the portraits of franklin and grant and hamilton, have we really made a big splashy redesign of american money any time recently recently? >> not recently. the last time we had a major change, actually affected all american paper money. and that was in 1928 when we went from the old horse blankets or large-size notes which were about 20 to 25% larger than the
current notes to the smaller size we are familiar with today. >> nathaniel green have people risen and fallen in the estimation and appreciation of americans throughout our whole history? when we make up our mind about somebody like andrew jackson do we also over time rethink who we might have been? >> absolutely. both historians as well as american citizens do this. we reevaluate these men on our money and i do think that the men that are on our money reflect specific values that we want to see in our country. but i think they also point to -- in the direction of a particular history behind those values and how americans have chosen to give those values meaning so to take a classic example george washington is on our $1 bill and on our quarter.
it makes sense on some level that he would be on our money because he's the founder of our country, he's the first president. and we celebrate him and even he was celebrated during his time, because he was a man who would not be king. he gives back the revolution and he retires from the presidency, he didn't have to do that because there were no term limits at that time. yet to put his face on our money is a very kind of ancient empire kind of move to make. that dates back all the way to you know the ancient empires of antiquity, put your emperor on the coin. and that seems a bit unusual that we would honor washington that way but it does speak to an important part of our history. in the early u.s. americans did pull from the monarchical ceremony of their past to
celebrate washington this man they revered and respected so much. >> douglas mudd, a person should be widely recognized. for 21st century the reason we recognize andrew jackson is because he's on the $20 bill? >> to some extent that's true. it's not necessary that they be widely recognized but as a matter of practicality, your money represents your country. one of the first things you'll notice when you go to other countries is their money. and how it looks its appearance, who's on it, what's on it, makes a big difference in your first impression. and with that in mind, absolutely you want people that mean something to people in the modern day. but through the historical
conservatism of money the value of money, in the case of money doing major changes can often cause confusion and disillusion with the money. with the $100 bill when they changed in 1996 and added colors and changed the design suddenly, a lot of people called it monopoly money reflecting trepidation, a fear of, after all, this is how we get paid, this is how we make our livings this is what buys us our houses, everything that we value. and you don't like the idea that somehow, it may lose its value. so it's inherently very conservative. and can -- it's important to maintain that conservatism.
>> nathaniel green if we were to put an array of historical figures on money start from scratch would andrew jackson be among the handful of historical citizens to be on the currency? >> i don't think we would agree on the one hand i think andrew jackson, i think when people think about andrew jackson serge he did oppose paper money and the central bank. what americans think about when they think about him is andrew jackson as the embodiment of this frontier individualism this rough and tumble individualism. and that's still a very, very powerful image in our collective consciousness for better and for worse. on the other hand, there are other presidents that i think take up an even larger space in our collective imagination. that either aren't on our money
or are relegated to that level of on security. >> briefly we heard douglas mudd talk about what it tells the world when people look at your money. not only here but other places on the planet. what does it tell you if you look at our money and you see no women, no people of color very few people of any other outside of political or military achievement, no artists no writers, no composers nobody like that? >> well, i think that it tells us something actually that our history is full of, and that is the way that these values that these men that we've placed on our money to represent really these values have been contested, and underrepresented, to remember what our history was about. it's a contentious history about
freedom and equality and what that means and has meant to a variety of people has been debated and contested. the fact that these men are on our money suggests the way we remember our own money and the fact that we've been having conversations like this for two centuries and more. >> presidential historian and numismatist. thank you very much. >> it's a religious liberties bill civil rights groups are calling a license to district. will business owners be allowed to deny service to gay people and others based on the business owner's faith? it's already drawing strong criticism. some groups are talking about boycotting indiana. look for that next week. that's all of this program.
follow us on twitter facebook and watch us next time in washington, i'm ray suarez. saudi arabia and its allies pound yemen with air strikes. i'm fauziah ibrahim. killed as al shabaab fighters storm a hold. prosecutors say the co-pilot suspected of deliberately crashing a plane hid details of an existing