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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 2, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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you sometimes don't see the truth. >> "talk to al jazeera". only on al jazeera america. >> gunmen attack a university in north-eastern kenya, killing three and injuring dozens of others hello, i'm haz am sikher. you are watching al jazeera live from doha. also ahead - heavy fighting in the southern city of aden as houthi fighters try to take control of it i.s.i.l. fighters pushed out of the yarmouk refugee camp near the syrian capital combatting a childhood
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killer. india's new vaccine targets the roetar virus. hello. we begin in kenya where gunmen have attacked a university. attackers are holed up in student host ills after taking some people hostage. let's go to djibouti where mohammed adow is standing by. what is the situation there right now? >> well haas im it's a situation that is far from over. that is how local officials are describing the situation inside the gariza college, where gunmen are holding some of the students hostage in a story, in the
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university compound. and the attack happened at dawn around the time muslim faithful said their morning prayers. the gunmen killed some who have been mining the main gates at the university heading to the host ills where they started indiscriminately shooting at the students. so far from the cross we know that nearly 40 have been injured and taken to the garissa general hospital of the four of the critically wounded people have been airlifted to nairobi, and are expecting to airlift tonight, for specialised treatment. we don't know who carried out the attacks. it has the hallmarks of al-shabab. the group, though has not yet claimed responsibility. at least officially. >> we know in the past week several universities in nairobi sent out security alerts to
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staff and students. the university of nairobi warned there was intelligence suggesting a possible attack by fighters from the armed group al-shabab, and here is the statement saying: so it begs the question what was done about this. was security stepped up sufficiently? >> well the kenyan government had lashed out at the u.k. for saying these, and saying it was a problem because it was going to affect tourism, one of the main areas in kenya. they didn't know specifically which university which is why
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nairobi university reacted to the intelligence. in a departure of his predecessor, the current leader of al-shabab seemed to concentrate most of his attacks in the north-east of the country. this is an area that is exclusively inhabited by somalis. and the border is inhabited by people of the same language as well as culture. and religion of the people on the other side. they are the same people actually. he is taking advantage of the possibility of his fighters who he wants to carry out attacks, to mingle within the local population. he's taking advantage of the disquiet between the kenyan government and the people of that region particularly the security forces with which the people have absolutely no relationship because for many years, and since independence only
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representatives of government were forces coming to touch the houses and kill the loved ones. they are not sharing information with them when they know there'll be attacks like this. >> mohammed adow reporting from djibouti. stay with al jazeera for the latest on the situation with the university in north-eastern kenya reports of fighting in the yemeni city of aden people say it's happening in the crater district and those fighting for abd-rabbu mansour hadi. this comes an saudi-led air strikes pushed houthi rebels back from the city on thursday. the coalition operation has entered the second week demanding the houthis surrender until abd-rabbu mansour hadi is reinstated as leader in sanaa. >> reporter: these are what the saudi-army says are ammunition
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depots. the saudis say houthi rebels have acquired a huge number of weapons over the past few months. they worry, it's used in revenge attacks. all the targets are destroyed. the dairy factory became an inferno. dozens were killed. on monday evening an air strike hit a refugee camp killing many people. the united nations condemned the attack calling it a violation of international law. the houthis blamed the saudi-led coalition for starting civilians. accusations dismissed by the coalition. >> translation: the houthis were the ones that attacked the diary factory. our sources confirmed the rebels used rockets and people were killed.
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houthis houthis use propaganda to gain support, but the yemenis know we are trying to free them. >> reporter: air attacks intensified in parts of the country. forces loyal to hard-ali abdullah saleh and houthis are pulling out of some areas. ground fighting moved to aden. a secessionist group said it has taken over the airport and surrounding area. the secessionists are one of a number of groups fighting the houthis on the ground. each has its own agenda. players include forces loyal to abd-rabbu mansour hadi and various tribes. the saudi foreign minister says regaining control of yemen will not come easily but the region's stability depend on it.
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saudis are building international support for military intervention. foreigners trapped in yemen are desperate to leave. about 350 citizens left aboard this ship last night. for all those who remain there are growing concerns about the humanitarian crisis and no sign of a ceasefire any time soon yemen's foreign minister says his government's main problem is not the houthis, but the former president ali abdullah saleh. >> the main things now is if ali abdullah saleh forces stop fighting with them i think they will start to retreat. our main problem now is not the houthis, they are rebels they are few, they have only light areas, which most as you know have got it. but, of course ali abdullah
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saleh forces - they have heavy artillery. they are the ones our correspondent joins us on the set to talk about it. interesting comments from the yemeni foreign minister saying ali abdullah saleh's forces are becoming a big extent. how strong are they and to what extent are they fighting along side the houthis. >> when we talk about the forces loyal to ali abdullah saleh, we talk about the yemeni army. he has taken care and recruited the army at a time when sectarianism was not as outspoken. the time has come for him to utilize the situation to his benefit. it's happening. soldiers are loyal to him not only because he's paying their salaries, but they belong to the zaidies and fighting with the houthis, who are zaidies.
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there's a difference between how extreme or fundamental they are, but now the situation is such that sectarianism is playing a big role in what is happening in yemen. salah is relying on what was called the yemeni army almost in its entirety they belong to him, are loyal, they maintain the bases and the levy weapons. >> from what you are saying it sounds like it will take foom for this saudi coalition to have any effect -- it will take some time for this saudi coalition to have an effect in yemen. it's been going for a couple of weeks. what sort of effect will it have in dismantling these forces. >> it will take time. air campaigns do not usually decide what is happening on the ground. they can weaken the defenses and air bases and dominate the air,
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but you need an organised ground army to do the job on the ground. that is the question. we don't see centralized leadership for the other camp for the hardy camp. we don't see it happening. there are tribes and each is leading its own campaign against the houthis, it's clear in aden we don't see a centralized leadership against the houthis. that means it will take time. >> when we look at the southern port of aden. which is where the president had retreated because they set up the government there, how important is that strategically to all of this? >> it's important because aden is the capital of the south. it controls the state where most of the international oil traffic passes across the red sea and
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the indian ocean. most of the fuel comes through. and the storage is in aden. not in anywhere else. it's strategic if they control it it's like they control the whole country. >> thank you very much now, gunmen kill at least 10 egyptian soldiers and insured 19 others during separate attacks in the northern sinai peninsula, the region has seen an increase in attacks against forces since the overthrow of egyptian president mohamed mursi the u.n. refugee relief agencies is demanding an end to fighting in yarmouk. islamic state of iraq and levant entered the camp and took control of the west. anti-government fighters defended yarmouk, home to
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thousands of people. ali mustafa reports. >> reporter: smoke rises from what is yarmouk refugee camp in southern damascus. those nearby listened anxiously to the sounds of gunfire. activists say i.s.i.l. stormed the western part of the camp on tuesday, fighting with anti-government palestinian militias. it was the last thing the desperate people of yarmouk needed. >> since the afternoon there were fierce clashes near the 18,000 civilians who were there, amongst those are 3,500 children. their lives are in danger. >> reporter: the palestinian refugee camp has been under siege since 2013 with tiny amounts of aid getting through. human rights say women are dying in childbirth and children of starvation. i.s.i.l. has fought with the
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free syrian army before but was pushed out into the nearby districts. activists are concerned although i.s.i.l. left the camp this time around its fighters are bound to return in a bid to push into the center of damascus. >> i.s.i.s. - you can say they are besieged by the fighters and opposition syrian fighters like the free syrian army islam, and the areas like east of yarmouk, and in the south of yarmouk, in the area. across the country, the syrian government is continuing its aerial bombardment. this was the seen in the rebel held area of idlib. the regime used chlorine gas, a claim damascus denies. the u.n. says more than 220,000 people have been killed in the conflict so far, and the most
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vulnerable are often the victims iran's foreign minister says significant progress has been made over nuclear talks in switzerland, but an agreement has yet to be written. marathon talks over the nuclear future are continuing two days past their deadline. world powers are trying to reach a deal aimed at blocking iran's capacity to build a nuclear bond in exchange for the lifting of sanctions. still to come - why nigeria's outgoing president hopes to set an example for africa and beyond. northern forests under threat while the care takers of a third of the planet's woodland are not taking enough care. >> al jazeera america, weekday mornings. start your day with a view of the world. catch up on what happened overnight with a full morning brief, a fast paced look at the stories shaping your day.
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been tougher? >> get the international news you need to know. al jazeera america. hello again. the top stories - gunmen storm a university in kenya's north-east and are holding student hostage. at least three it have been killed and the attackers are hiding in the students' accommodation. dozens of others have been wounded reports of fierce battles in yemen's southern city of aden between houthi rebels and forces loyal to president abd-rabbu mansour hadi. saudi-led air strikes are continuing for a second week. i.s.i.l. fighters attacked a palestinian refugee camp in syria, but have been pushed back by other rebel forces. aid agencies say those living in the camp are struggling to
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survive world leaders have been hailing nigeria's democratic spirit following the peaceful presidential poll. goodluck jonathan has become the first president to succeed defeat and said he wanted it to be part of his legacy. ynonne ndedge looks at goodluck jonathan's time in power and what may have caused his defeat. >> reporter: when goodluck jonathan was elected president in 2011, many were convinced he could fix nigeria's problems. he was highly educated with a degree in zoology. he inherited corruption and the boko haram matter. he promised to deal with them swiftly when campaigning. critics say the problems got worse. >> the area he did worse of all was securing nigerians. it's is sad thing.
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so many died. it was like the government didn't care. at the end corruption became the culture of nigeria. the oil sector become awash with corruption. >> reporter: thousands died under jonathan's watch. hundreds of thousands were displaced. weeks before the election the government said it regained territories controlled by the group. >> president goodluck jonathan didn't invent the boko haram crisis it was inherited. i imagine that there will always be security changes, as we speak. all the territories that have been taken over by boko haram have been you know more or less taken back. and the security forces head when he conceded defeat he said he'll be remembered for setting the country on a path to
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democracy. >> i promised fair and free elections. i kept my word. i expanded a place for nigeria in the democratic process. that is a legacy i'd like to see and deal. goodluck jonathan will go down history as the first sitting parent to lose election and hand over power, and preside over the worst peace-time crisis history. mane of president goodluck jonathan's oldal lies are working -- old allies are working with muhammadu buhari. many hope he will deliver what he promised a russian trawler sank killing 50. more than 100 were aboard the seat after it sank off the coast of concheetah peninsula. reports suggest drifting ice may have holed the vessel thailand's government says
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it lifted martial law and will be placed as article 44, a security measure. it grants emergency powers to the ruling military. veronica pedrosa has more from bangkok. >> so article 44 is a single vaguely worded paragraph in the interim constitution that came into place after the coup of 2014. the leader of that coup the general, is the hurnt prime minister. what he has done is to have article 44 replaced martial law, which is a specific 7-page document in the thai context. that's where the critics are worried. article 44 allows the leader of the government sweeping powers in any situation that he's judging it to take over the powers the legislature, et cetera. >> there are criticisms coming
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in from human rights groups. this as the human rights watch puts it is a descent into dictatorship or thailand a new inexpensive vaccine is said to be introduced in india to help prevent death from the roeta virus. the vaccine is due next month, the first to be used in the developing world. >> reporter: it's children who love in pore areas like this in new delhi, most at risk of infection. the 5-year-old daughter died a few months ago from severe diarrhoea, it's impossible. >> of course i'm angry. if the outside was clean, why would my children fall hill.
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we don't have to treat people. for poor this is what is happening. >> for sanitary conditions more than 300,000 deaths are caused. a third this rota virus, causing diarrhoea in infants and young children. most of the poor do not have access to vaccines. this lab has developed the first vaccine for the rota virus made outside europe or the u.s. >> at about $18 vaccines are too expensive for most families whose children are affected by rota virus, making it more available for those likely to be infected here and across the developing world. >> reporter: in clinical trials the new vaccine is supposed to be 50% affected. put its makers say it was only part of the overall solution.
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>> it is impossible to clean up everything overnight. part of the programme, we came by, we'll get 58%. you may get 100%. those that work with the poor agree, saying simple steps can make a big difference. >> like boiling water, handwashing. breastfeeding - that is important because mothers use durty water -- dirty water with milk powder. we can make a dent on the numbers that die. >> reporter: health workers are trying to deliver that message. hoping that children in these areas will not become another statistic. >> reporter: in bolivia spanish is promoted as the main language among many. in spite of that 10 million people speak indigenous
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languages. bolivia is trying to promote the traditions. daniel schweimler reports on how the policy is working in classrooms in beyond. a basic conversation. but until recently spanish and english or french were the only languages taught. this despite more than half of the population belonging to indigenous communities. >> the idea is not to create a new identity. to fine tune reinforce and consolidate. bolivians have various characteristics. one of which is diversity. >> they reinforced the identity and was consolidated with the election nine years ago of the first indigenous president evo morales. it is already a multiling wall
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society. for centuries it was depressed, but not any more. it's coming back from being celebrated. >> as well as looking inwards, it's looking outwards. all schools, as well as spanish teach another language usually english. it is already spoken in the home and marketplace. the aim is to help non-speakers recognise and understand some of what they hear every day. >> translation: basically they should learn enough to go to the market and buy food. many are from the countryside speaking it amongst themselves. those that speak amada speak spanish, but not all those that speak spanish know armada. >> those languages assigned to the countryside are coming here to the city and the planed above
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la paz. the ammara migrant in elalto needs to know the identity. it's essential to culture and everything he knows. if you don't speak the language you don't know the culture and lose identity. >> in the past many included the original languages as a sign of back wardness. implementing the policy faced obstacles. it's been believed that it was dialogue in spanish or many of bolivia indigenous languages. those obstacles can be overcome. climate change activists are warning the fires are wiping out huge areas of the earth's morn forests. they are known as boreal forrists and compose a third of the woodland of the planet. the two countries with the largest boreal cover - canada and russia - are among the worst
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climate change offenders. kim vinnell has more. >> reporter: this map generated from 400,000 images is the most detailed researchers have had. those green dots are the places where forests have been wiped out. you can see canada and russia are lighting up. between 2011 and 2013 the two countries accounted for more than a third of tree cover loss the world over. most due to forest fires. canada and russia lost a combined average of 6.8 million hectares of forest. to put it into perspective, that's an area the size of ireland. globally in 2013, forest cover was lost. more than 18 million hectares. global forest watch says the lost forest contains carbon loss
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for viewers in the united states on al jazeera america - "inside story" is up next for you. wherever you are, there's more on the website. get the latest on all the stories we are following there. one of our guests says that's what's happening in florida and when he wouldn't remove offending language, he was suspended. we'll also be joined by a guest who is keeping tabs on where politics may trump science across the country. it's the inside story.