hi everyone. an agreement reached on iran's nuclear program. what it says under this arrangement, the international community will have confidence iran's nuclear community is exclusively peaceful and the real work is just beginning. massacre in kenya, scores of college students murdered. a surging group linked with al quaeda claims responsibility.
that's what president obama is calling the deal today with iran over its nuclear program. here iranian citizens flash victory signs in response to the agreement. one prompting both celebration and concern. now, the president says the deal will prevent iran from ever building a nuclear program and could resolve one of the greatest threats to world security. >>reporter: after round the clock make or break negotiations, these world leaders are celebrating what they hope will be a historic moment. the eu high representative made the announcement with the iranian foreign minister. details on how iran's nuclear program will be restricted in phases over a 25-year period. its centrifuges cut from 19,000 to 6,000 and limited to one facility. >> iran's enrichment capacity
enrichment level, and stock pile will be limited for special durations. and there will be no other enrichment facility. >>reporter: and this the fate of the once secret bunker built inside a mountain. >> it will be converted from an enrichment site into a nuclear physics and technology center. >>reporter: so does this count as the framework agreement the white house had promised by the missed deadline of the end of march? iran's foreign minister insists for now none of it is binding. >> no agreement has been reached the reached. >>reporter: but he added this. >> but we didn't put all of this time and energy to write a piece of paper, hopefully by june 30th that we are going to just look for an excuse to abandon. >>reporter: the u.s. secretary of state has spent more time on this than any other issue.
john kerry says the negotiation process can already be judged. >> it is important to note that iran to date has honored all of the commitments that it made under the joint plan of action that we agreed to in 2013. and i ask you to think about that against the backdrop of those who predicted that it would fail and not get the job done. >>reporter: nuclear talks will continue with tough bargaining between now and the final deadline at the end of june. but this is an important milestone and not just on the nuclear issue. iran and western leaders may just be beginning to build a new relationship after 36 years of mistrust and hostility. >> president obama sent a message to congress today, accept the deal with iran or be blamed for the failure in diplomacy.
our washington correspondent at the white house. >>reporter: no sooner had the deal been struck that president obama was in the rose garden telling congress that if they try to scuttle this deal america will lose face around the world. three hours late for an event on jobs in kentucky president obama made his apology >> first of all, i'm sorry i'm late. [laughter]. >> i had a couple of things i had to do. >>reporter: specifically announceingeing what he hopes is a landmark deal. >> today, the united states together with our allies and partners has reached an historic understanding with iran which if fully implemented will prevent it from obtaining a nuclear weapon. >>reporter: with energy secretary clearing away a final sticking point after an all-night negotiating session. finally, the president spoke with his team by phone at
midnight from the white house residence going over final issues and signing off on the agreement at mid morning. >> this framework would cut off every pathway that iran could take to develop a nuclear weapon. >>reporter: it ensures inspectors will have unprecedented access to all nuclear sites. >> the verification provisions go much further than i was expecting. the concern has never really been what happens at declares facilities. it's whether there are undeclared, secret facilities. and the verification provisions give quite significant authority to go around inspecting undeclared facilities. >>reporter: now the hard sell at home and abroad. house speaker john boehner spoke
saying my immediate concern is the administration signalling it will provide near term sanctions relief. congress must be allowed to fully review the details of any agreement before sanctions are lifted. the administration says lifting the sanctions will match each step towards compliance with iran. as for netanyahu, the president addressed him specifically. >> if he's looking for the most effective day for iran not to get a nuclear weapon this is the best option. >>reporter: and before president obama spoke with benjamin netanyahu on his way to kentucky before that he spoke with saudi arabia's leader promising to queen a regional summit of gulf state allies at camp david this spring. also we have to point out that the president is going to try to circumvent congress when they
return april 14th. >> all right. thank you very much. he's the former head of the international energy agency and joins us tonight from sweden. what's your reaction to this deal? >> i think it's a great relief that they have succeeded after very tough negotiations to come to a political foundation for what we hope will be the final conclusion at june of this year. could the united states congress actually knock this arrangement off track? >> i think it gets harder and
harder to do so as the agreement has moved forward. we now have the p5+1 of the security council and germany moving along and i have no doubt we'll have a very strong endorsement. >> so how important is it for president obama to lead on this? does he have to sell it? how could he do that? it assumes an arrangement and commitment to accept the
inspections that are much more intrusive than in the past. >> they would reportedly have two-thirds fewer centrifuges and the iaea would have regular access for inspection. how difficult is it to assure that you have access? well they will under the additional protocol of the inspection the inspectors can be there almost permanently in some of the places. they can also come without any notice in advance. they can demand to see people and interview them and they can demand to see a lot of documentation. >> leaders in iran have question questioned whether israel should even exist. let me just ask you, i mean are israel's concerns valid? >> i can understand them and i can understand the resentment of the statements made.
instead became a battle ground. kenyan troops tried to flush out al shabaab fighters inside the university. security forces were deployed. garissa is close to kenya's border with somolia and has been target targeted before by al shabaab. some students were taken hostage and others managed to escape. >> it's unfortunate that they were running to where the gunshots were coming from. >>reporter: within hours, al shabaab said it was behind the assault. many of the injured suffered gunshot wounds and inside the hospital where they were treated, pain, grief, and horror. [screaming]. >> we were praying and were about to finish when some people
came in from the main door and started shooting. there was one gunman firing from the doorway so hi to jump out of the window and that's when i was hit by a bullet in the leg. >>reporter: this attack will undoubtedly lead to questions about whether enough security was being provided at the university. >> 90% of the threat is eliminated as i speak to you now. at a cost. a very very heavy cost. human life has been lost. as it stabbeds now, reare able to rescue over 500 students. >>reporter: a dusk until dawn curfew is now in place. kenyans once again are trying to come to terms with the loss of so many. robin creel is the chief african correspondent for an
african tv network based in nairobi and i asked her about advanced warning about this attack. >> we have been hearing from a number of different embassies, u.s. embassy israeli embassy, australian embassy, as well as local police. we are seeing a marked police presence here in nairobi. we've notice there has been tension. they have been wanting people not to go to public places and then on the 26th of march, the police issued a notice to students at some universities -- we're not sure if it was also issued at the garissa university college but at some universities that they could be the target of terrorist attack >> there have been attacks
before by al shabaab. have they become more bold? >> i'm not sure if there's more bold or more brutal john. we have seen attacks like this before, yes. for example, the very well known west gate attack that occurred in 2013 which left 67 people dead, an 80-hour siege of one of nairobi's most up scale malls. we saw an attack in garissa as well at a christian church. we've seen grenades being thrown in bars. we've seen various shootouts at various places. but this is the single worst terror attack since the 1998 embassy bombing here in nairobi. so this is fairly significant. >> i'm told that you've been to the town where this happened. can you tell us a little bit about it? >>reporter: the town is in the northeast of kenya.
it's fairly remote. it's one of the largest towns that exists near the kenyan somali border. so perhaps one of the reasons this could be chosen is out of pure ease. the town itself is very somali-kenyan. now if you can imagine somolia and kenya simply divided lie a line making them different, however, they're still the same tribe. >> is there a sense that there will be changes in security in kenya as a result of this attack? >>reporter: we've heard that they are deploying at least 10,000 police officers. that's what we've heard. we're not sure if that's an exaggeration to garissa to try and secure it in the future. there does need to be better security. there needs to be better intelligence. the government also needs to avoid creating rifts between the
muslim and christian population of kenya because really that would be the biggest, i believe, travesty of all. >> robin, thank you very much >> now to yemen. houthi rebels seized a district in the heart of the southern city of aden. the shia group has reportedly taken over a presidential palace in that city and today al quaeda fighters stormed a major port city in the country's east. officials say they freed hundreds of inmates from a prison there including an al quaeda leader held for more than four years. we want to take a close look at an execution in texas and the troubling questions being raised by it. camron todd willingham was convicted of hilling his three young children who died in a house fire and it was ruled to be arson. he was executed in 2004 but
there are serious doubts about the evidence in the case. now a key witness says the prosecutor told him to lie. >>reporter: had you ever talked to willingham before? you know johnny you lied under oath. you're a liar. why should we believe you're telling the truth now? >> coming up much more on that witness. the prosecutor and the man that many say was wrongfully put to death. death.
>> it was clear that the perception had to be addressed. hoosier hospitality had to be restored. >>reporter: protesters said the new law would give business owners the right to justify refusing service to anyone they wanted to. here's what they came up with to change the law. it would grant new protections for lgbt customers, employees, and tenants including language on gender identity and sexual orientation. the first time those words have been used in a bill in indiana. >> i am here to ask you to please help indiana become a
better safer, and more welcoming state. i ask you to pass a bill providing transgender people a place to live -- >>reporter: several stood with law makers to back the changes. missing was the ceo of angie's list who says the fix is not enough. he says there was no discrimination of homosexuals in indiana. angie's list put expansion plans on hold in indiana after the law was passed. one indiana law maker says something else is missing as well. >> i want to hear somebody say we made a grave mistake and we caused the state tremendous embarrassment that will take months and possibly years to repair. the healing cannot begin until that happens. >>reporter: a lot of anger on this issue from both sides. still, as one executive pointed out today, it remains legal in most of indiana to fire someone because they're gay.
john. >> jonathan thank you. new jersey senator bob menendez pleaded not guilty to corruption charges today. the democrat arrived at court in newark this morning. menendez says allegations will be proven false it was a horrible event that scarred the small town of corsicana, texas 23 years ago. three young girls killed in a house fire and their father executed for the crime. now there's the troubling possibility that texas might have executed an innocent man. >>reporter: it was a morning just before christmas, 1991. camron scott willingham and his daughters were home napping while their mother was out.
then the unimaginable. a fire. willing hammham escaped. his daughters did not. willing hamwas arrested for the girls' deathed. neighbors said they saw him push his car from the flames apparently unconcerned about his daughters inside. the trial was swift. the arson investigators testified it was an intensely set fire. >>reporter: the texas fire marshal's office told the jury they found evidence of an
hi everyone. this is al jazeera america texas execution >> i'm concerned about this case because of the bad science. >>reporter: did a prosecutor send an innocent father to his death? running on empty. >> farming without water, that's a big trick. >>reporter: california's drastic steps to save water. the hardships farmers face after years of drought. world autism awareness day. an uncertain future for many autistic young people. one family shares their struggle. and speaking out, they've spent a decade giving voice to millions. we'll talk to the founders of autism speaks. we've been telling you the story about camron todd willing ham, the texas father executed for killing his three daughters. now investigators say the fire
may have been accidental and the state's star witness has recanted. >> everybody says i'm a snitch. i didn't snitch on nobody. i straight up lied. >>reporter: camron todd willing hamwas executed in 2004 thanks in part to the testimony of this man, a jailhouse informant who in 1992 told jurors willing hamhad confessed to setting a fire that killed his three young daughters. >> i can't imagine what went through his mind when he asked the question well will y'all bury me with my children and they said no. in his mind there was no reason for them not to. >>reporter: no reason because johnny webb now says willing hamwas innocent. 22 years after his trial, webb claims there was no confession. had you ever talked to willing hambefore? >> no. >>reporter: did you even know who willing hamwas? in 1992 webb had been convicted of aggravated robbery and was
housed in the same jail where willing hamawaited trial. the lead prosecutor in willing ham's case was assistant d.a. john jackson, a friend of his father. >> i was just one of the boys. >>reporter: so let's be very clear. willing ham's supposed confession to you, who came up with that story, you or jackson? >> jackson. >>reporter: and what did he tell you to say? >> he showed me the pictures of the baby and stuff. i mean he convinced me of his guilt. this is not, like, something that was just hatched on the fly. i mean it took days. i went to his office two or three days and it was a period of grooming of coaching. >>reporter: webb says jackson also promised him something in return for his testimony. webb's own robbery sentence would be reduced. webb says he took the deal. >> if you're in my position 22
years old and the district attorney controls your life and says we're going to convict you of this and then pardon you for it but have you to do this all right, or i'm going to give you a life sentence. what are you going to do? >>reporter: but you knew you were being asked to lie under oath. >> sure. it wasn't asked, it was forced. >>reporter: did you know what consequences might result. >> i didn't have any idea. i was young. >>reporter: webb alleges jackson told him to hide the deal from the jury. so when you were on the stand and jackson directly asked you if you were going to benefit from your testimony, why did you say no? >> because he told me to. he says, now, you can't say nothing about a deal. you have to say no and i did. i did what they told me to do. >>reporter: and the moment those words left your mouth, did you feel your conscience at all? >> absolutely. i felt like i lost a piece of
myself. >>reporter: johnny you lied under oath. you are a liar. why should we believe you're telling the truth now. >> you don't got to believe me. read those words. they're right there. >>reporter: as evidence he produces letters written between jackson and himself. >> it says i have recently received a letter from johnny webb that indicates your records show he was convicted of the offense of aggravated robbery when in fact he was convicted of robbery. i would appreciate your taking this information into consideration when computing any parole eligibility. >>reporter: the innocence project representing willing ham's family says it's also dug up evidence of an undisclosed deal between the prosecutor and the informant. a memo mentioning cooperation in willing ham. and a note that he should have a lesser sentence because that's
what john jackson wants it to be. >> johnny webb denied having any incentives provided to him. when he testified, he was presented as if he was testifying out of al truismtruismaltruism. >>reporter: how do you live with your lie leading to the execution of a man who may or may not have been innocent. >> it's not easy to live with. it's destroyed my life. >>reporter: meanwhile, jackson, the prosecutor's life got better after willing ham's conviction. jackson won election to become a district judge serving until 2008. the now 64-years old and retired, history is catching up. this march, the texas bar association accused jackson of ethical breaches in his handling
of the willing hamcase. we searched for the man himself. is mr. john jackson in? >> no he is not. >>reporter: jackson never appeared. but in his response to the texas bar association's complaint, jackson denies the existence of a deal with webb and the former prosecutor presents a twist. evidence that brings webb's whole story into question. on the same day webb formally recanted his willing hamtestimony from prison he wrote this letter to john jackson's friend saying i sincerely hopes he knows i had no choice the airryian brother
john jackson is going to find himself in the hot seat very shortly facing those accusations of misconduct levelled by the texas bar association. so he'll actually face a jury trial and he'll be the defendant. that trial date has not yet been set but it could happen before the end of the year. >> and what would the potential punishment be? >>reporter: if found guilty of misconduct jackson could face a minimum of a reprimand or the maximum of disbarment. so he's not facing any criminal charges so there's no possibility of any prison time. >> interesting story. thank you very much. jamie floyd is al jazeera's legal contributor. what do you make of this case? >> it is quite a story. a deeply troubling story. i mean you have not only the horrible death of these three little girls, i think of them as babies, but you have the potential execution of an
innocent man and then the overlay of prosecutorial misconduct. it is pretty evident that there was some agree of prosecutorial misconduct. let's be clear, making a deal with what we typically call a snitch that happens in cases, but you have to disclose it to the defense so that they can present that to the jury and confront the witness at the time during the trial. >> these guys said there was no deal. >> well they still maintain jackson still maintains there was no deal. it would have been okay if there was a deal but the defense would have had to know it at the time. and worse yet john, when the recantation occurred that needed to go right into the file of willing hamso that he could then petition for a new trial. >> state prosecutors, prosecutors at the local level, prosecutors in the federal government they have a lot of power. >> oh, yeah. >> how often do we see
prosecutorial misconduct. >> not often enough as i'm concerned. >> so you think there's more -- >> i fear there's more of it than we know about. the deeply troubling thing is that when we petition for dna evidence in cases where we suspect there may be the potential to exonerate, too often prosecutors resist giving us the evidence that we need to prove or not be able to prove exoneration. why would you resist if there's been no mistake or misconduct. now we have to believe for the benefit of the system that most people who choose to be prosecutors and who are prosecutors are people of integrity and do their job with integrity. >> are you troubled by this evidence? >> deeply troubled because not only was there a failure to prosecute the case properly at the time but after the fact in the years of the appeal there was not the proper disclosure
during the appellate stage. >> all right. we'll see what happens to d.a. jackson. jamie floyd, thank you very much. >> my pleasure. tonight's fragile planet segment takes us to california where a crippling drought is now in its fourth year. the governor of that state has issued mandatory restrictions to reduce water usage. jennifer london is in los angeles with more. jennifer. >>reporter: john it's a different world and we have to act differently. those are the words of jerry brown when he took the extraordinary step of issuing statewide mandatory water restrictions. here at the base of this river you can start to understand the problem. clearly there's not been enough rain. but when there is rain cities like los angeles lack the capabilities of restore and reuse that water so it becomes runoff comes here to the l.a.
river, and then goes out to the pacific ocean and it's lost forever. and now from the farms to the cities people are paying the price. >>reporter: on a small farm 50 miles north of los angeles, phil mcgather knows what it's like to live with less water. >> farming without water is a big trick and that's what we're doing the last few years. >>reporter: he's been farming this land for the past 37 years and has seen it all, wet years, dry years, but nothing like the last three years. >> we just haven't had any rain and it's just more insects, the cost of water is three times higher than it was three years ago, it's only going to get more expensive. >>reporter: we first met mcgather more than a year ago. at that time the drought was a concern. now it's a crisis. governor brown's unprecedented mandatory water restrictions stopped short of placing further restrictions on farmers, but does require them to submit a
detailed drought management plan including how much water they currently use. farms big and small have already seen large cuts to the amount of water they're allocated for irrigation. >> as californiaens, we have to save water in every way possible and we have to pull together. it also targets city dwellers. in cities like los angeles most of the runoff from their activities ends up here. >> this is not snow melt. it's not -- >>reporter: it's not from rain. we've not had any rain. >> so it's -- you know it's from different facilities and it's also a lot of dry weather
runoff which basically comes from the streets and storm drains which is mostly people watering their lawns. >>reporter: liz crossing is with l.a. water keeper an advocacy group working to protect and restore local water supplies. the group questions why the executive order took so long. >> should the governor have acted with mandatory restrictions earlier? >> we have certainly advocated for mandatory restrictions long before now. i do believe there was a lost opportunity over the last year since the governor declared a drought. it took a long time for californians to actually realize that we're in a dire situation and i would say there's still a lot of californians that don't realize it. >>reporter: in cities like los angeles the executive order expands on restrictions already in place. since last july residents were instructed to limit ground watering to two days a week and can only wash cars using hoses with automatic shutoff models.
a good first step, absolutely but more needs to be done. >> we would like to see state agencies actually put a limit on how many gallons per capita per day can be used per day in california and that should be based on current uses. so not only should there be a 25% reduction statewide, but we need to look at the biggest water users and make sure they're making bigger reductions. >>reporter: a shared sacrifice that governor brown says will cause heartache as the golden state continues to turn brown. there are a lot of questions regarding how the new mandatory water restrictions will be enforced and if you look back to last year when governor brown asked californians to reduce water voluntarily hoping to cut the state's water usage by 20% in the end water consumption was only reduced by 9%.
>> how do you enforce this? do you send police to peoples' homes >> >>reporter: it's not exactly clear how the state plans to enforce it. they have not provided a lot of details other than to say that enforcement is definitely part of the plan and is important. how it will work is not entirely clear. one of the questions is will it fall to the local water districts to try to force the new restriction >> very interesting. jennifer thank you very much. there has been outrage in afghanistan and around the world over the beating death of a woman there at the hands of an angry mob.
report we hear from one family's story. >> go back to me. we have a 16-year-old son with autism named adam. >> when adam was first diagnosed with autism we were shocked. we knew something was wrong but we never imagined it would be autism. >> it was so terrifying and scary that you have this beautiful, beautiful boy and he seemed to be losing him. autism has affected adam's life in many different ways. one is adam needs assistance with many things many things that people take for granted such as putting on your own clothes, being able to you know, understand what danger is being independent. our son doesn't speak. >> he always has an aid with him in school. he's learning how to drink
without spilling water. he's learning how to zip a zipper and use a spoon correctly to feed himself. he has no idea how to do it on his own. >> many things keep me up at night just thinking about what adam turns 22. a lot of things go away. you know a lot of his services and supports that he desperately needs disappear at 22. >> i am very concerned that adam's skills will begin to degrade and slip. >> when my friend's son aged out of school age, he was going to this program and all he did was watch videos all day. when i saw him after he aged out of the school system he seemed like a zombie. to get the services we would love him to have i don't have enough money. i can work until i'm 70 and i still won't have enough. i worry about adam.
one day i'll leave him and he'll be put in an institution and drugged up to control his behavior and that's a fear i have every day. >> daddy loves you. okay. and i'm proud of you. i really worry about, you know that he truly, truly is at the mercy of society and all i can do is pray that society be good to him when i'm no longer here. i'll see you in the morning. okay. >> bob and suzanne wright are the cofounders of autism speaks. for a decade they have led the fight for autism awareness and research. >> it was a global epidemic and no one was speaking about it. my conversation with bob and suzanne next. suzanne next.
started. >> it started because our first grandson was diagnosed with autism. i had no idea what autism was. as you know bob was chairman of nbc at the time. i think you were there then. >> i was. >> and i said what is autism? and they said it is one in 166 and i went back to the news department and i asked bob to help me. this is a hidden epidemic. >> how far have you come in ten years, bob? >> a long way. the largest thing we've done is through four congresses raised $3 billion for the nih to spend exclusively on autism. >> when this started, i mean, your husband had a full-time job. >> i know. >> and i know you're the co-founders of this but suzanne, you really -- you took the opportunity because you both knew a lot of people in this country and around the world and
you took the bull by the horns and went after it. this must be very satisfying. >> i have a great ceo to learn from after all these years and it was something we really wanted to do together. we said if not us who. it did not have a voice. autism was a global epidemic and no one was speaking about it. we had to do something. we have been very successful. the light us up blue campaign we now have 15,000 monuments schools hospitals around the world. the most important thing about all this is over 900 of those are grassroots homes, schools, communities along with -- on seven continents we have major buildings being lit up for autism. >> talk about how difficult it is for families to deal with this disorder. >> it's very difficult. first of all, when we got here there was no insurance so your insurance card didn't work. if you tried to use your insurance card they'd say autism wasn't covered.
whatever that meant to them you had to pay the bills yourself. it's ridiculous. an average it's about $60,000 a year for a child with autism in new york. >> nowadays they're followed through the school system and until they're 22. what does aging out mean? >> it means all their benefits are stopped and most of the parents come up to me and say what happens now? their biggest concern is what happens if something happens to me and that's a really big problem and that's what we're working on the big transition to adulthood. what do we do with our children? we need jobs we need homes. and, bob, you're very passionate about this. >> it's a terrible situation. the services are often tied up with educational so as your public school ends your educational program ends and your services which you need for a lifetime in many cases are not picked up by anyone else. that's part of the problem, the
social services. there's some of these children that are very productive but you have to get in the right circumstance. we need corporations to help with their circumstances, we need social services to be constantly pushed. >> so many families have been touched by autism my family has. in some ways before you started autism speaks autism was kind of invisible. >> yes. the first special we did was the hidden epidemic of autism on nbc because it was hidden. we had to take it out of the closet and talk about it. nobody was talking about it. >> you talked about it to the pope didn't you. >> i sure did. >> tell me about that. >> it was a wonderful experience. we asked the catholic church to help us and finally they headed the first three-day conference at the vatican with the pope and the pope spent five hours with our families. we had about 5,000 families there with their children care givers talking about the
stigma taking it away. and now as a result of that we've asked the faiths of the world to join us in a global outreach of faith. we have now mosques, the temple emmanuel just came on yesterday right here in the city. we have the christian science church the more monday mon church. >> what's your hope? >> that i'm out of business in ten years and that this is finally solved. congratulations. >> here we come world. >> on ten years of success and passion and hope and the support of so many families. you've worked very hard for this and it's a great achievement. >> thank you for having us. >> it's nice to see you both. >> we leave you tonight with new york's empire state building lit
today we have reached a critical milestone. >> agreement in switzerland. the u.s. and other world powers finally come to terms on iran's nuclear program. attack in kenya. al shabaab gunmen storm a university targeting christians and turning it into a killing field slaughtering at least 147 people. a ghost town in iraq. >> we want officials to tell us to get back to our homes or not. >> s