rica tonight" tomorrow. a deal on iran's nuclear program, months of negotiations finally come to a positive conclusion in switzerland. >> i hope that at the end of this process, we will all show that true dialogue and engagement with dignity, we can in fact, resolve problems, open new horizons and move forward. ♪ ♪ welcome to al jazerra, i am rob matheson in doha. also ahead in the next 30 minutes. the armed group al-shabab attacks a university in eastern kenya nearly 150 people are
killed. houthis gaining ground in yemen they seize the presidential palace in the southern port city of aden. and corruption crack down, china's former security chief is charged with bribery and disclosure of state secrets. ♪ ♪ good to have you with us, it's a historic agreement that will curb iran's nuclear program in exchange for the easing of international sanctions. after months of negotiations, talks in switzerland have finally led to a framework deal. the iranian foreign minister says it's a win-win for all sides. they'll now have three months to sort out more of the details. our diplomatic editor james bays reports from lousanne. >> reporter: after round of clock, make or break negotiations these world leaders were celebrating what they hope will be a historic
moment. the e.u. high representative made the announcement with the iranian foreign minister, details of how iran's nuclear program will be restricted in phases over a 25-year period. it's centrifuges cut from 19,000 to 6,000 limiting to one facility. >> iran's enrichment capacity, enrichment level and stockpile will be limited for specific durations. and there will be no other enrichment facility. >> reporter: and this the fate of the once secret bunker built inside a mountain. >> it will be converted from an enrichment site in to a nuclear physics and technology center. >> reporter: so does this count as the framework agreement the white house had promised by the missed deadline of the end of march? iran's foreign minister insists for now, none of it is binding. >> no agreement has been reached. we do not have any obligation
yet. >> reporter: but he added this. >> we didn't put all of this time and energy and many sleepless nights to write a piece of paper hopefully by june 30th, that we are going to just look for an excuse to violate and abandon. >> reporter: the u.s. secretary of state has spent more time on this than any other issue. john kerry says the negotiation process can already be judged. >> it is important to note that iran to date, has honored all of the commitments that it made under the joint plan of action, that we agreed to in 2013. and i ask you to think about that against the backdrop of those who predicted that it would fail and not get the job done. >> reporter: nuclear talks will continue with tough bargaining between now and the final deadline at the end of june. but this is an important milestone and not just on the
nuclear issue. iran and western leaders may just be beginning to build a new relationship after 36 years of mistrust and hostility. james bays, al jazerra lausanne. and simon mcgregor wood has the latest from lausanne. >> reporter: the general sense here in lausanne late on thursday night is that the sides succeeded in concluding a significant deal. we have to remember that only 24 hours ago the mood here was very negative and people were saying, including the german foreign minister was that failure was not being ruled out as a distinct possibility. but i think that everyone is surprised that in the end the parties were able to conclude not just a broad vague framework of understandings, which we are being warned we might get but something a bit more than that. there was detail in this agreement. there was numbers we talked about the specific number of centrifuges going down to very specific numbers very specific percentages.
of iranian enrichment, all sorts of interesting frameworks of the number of years certain regimes of inspection would have to be in place clearly there are lots of details to be worked out between now and june 30th when all this has to be codified in minute detail and a lot can go wrong between now and then. but i think this is a better deal than people were expecting only 24 hours ago. and i think that will be particularly important for the americans, particularly for president obama who needs a good deal to confront the skeptics if you like, in congress, who all along have been unhappy with this process and are threatening to come back and try to impose new sanction on his iran. i think this agreement gives president obama some ammunition to try to persuade them not to do that. the united states is harolding the deal with iran, but the agreement is switzerland is just the start of the process. it may be harder for president obama to to convince a hostile congress about the potential
benefits. our white sox correspond end he want patty culhane has that story. >> reporter: president obama was supposed to be talking about the economy in kentucky, but he delayed his trip for hours wanting to make sure the american people heard his perspective on the deal first. >> i am convinced if this leads to a comprehensive deal it, will make our country our allies and our world safer. >> reporter: he believes he can make the deal on his own. many in congress disagree. republican senator bob corker says he will bring up a bill to force the president to get their approval in two weeks. writing, rather than bypass congress and head straight to the u.n. security council as plans the administration should first seek the input of the american people. there is growing bipartisan support for congressional review of the deal and i am confident i've strong vote. >> reporter: right now it's not at all clear that the president has enough support from members of his own party that we they won't be over to over ride a
veto in congress. he's make ago case to the american public, arguing if congress kills this deal, the only other option is war. >> if congress kills this deals not based on expert analysis and without offering any reasonable alternative. then it's the united states that will be blamed for the failure of diplomacy. international unity will collapse and the path to conflict will widen. >> reporter: those in favor of the deal point out that the president has public opinion on his side. >> a lot of polling suggests that they are not necessarily confident that i deal is going to be it. >> reporter: the president expressed the same cynicism but argues that he needs to give diplomacy a chance, but it's not yet clear if the u.s. congress will let him. patty culhane, al jazerra washington. israelii prime minister benjamin netanyahu has condemned the agreement. he says a deal base on the framework threatened the survival of israel. following the latest developments from west
jerusalem. >> reporter: israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu has wents fiercest critic about these negotiations between western powers and iran trying to make this agreement that they have now reached to move forward. mr. netanyahu has consistency said that any kind of deal or agreement needs to involve a major, as he put it, roll back of iran's nuclear ambition. and it's quite telling that when president obama made his statement after the agreement was announced that he spoke at length about israel and israel's concern. mr. obama said that while he and mr. netanyahu don't see eye to eye on this issue that he reaffirmed the u.s.' commitment to israel's security. whatever the case, mr. netanyahu again as we have been saying has been a very fierce critic of any kind of nuclear deal with iran.
he says a deal with iran, not only threatens israel, but the middle east. and as he put it, the rest of the world as well. there were celebrations in the streets of teheran in support of the agreement. people cheered for iranian president hassan rouhani and the prospect of sanctions in iran being lifted. years of international embargoes have hurt almost every aspect of iranian economy. kenya's interior minister says 147 people have been killed after al-shabab gunmen stormed the university college campus early on thursday. government officials say all four attackers attackers were killed. there is no one nou an overnight curfew in the region, mall come webb has more. >> reporter: it was supposed to be a place of learning but instead it became a battle ground kenyan troops tried to flesh out al-shabab fighters hold up inside the university college. the attackers stormed the building just before sunrise
some students were praying others were still asleep. the army were brought in. this is close to kenya's border with somalia. the kenyan army has been in somalia since 2011. al-shabab, a somali-based group link today al qaeda says they must leave. many students were taken hostage, others managed to escape. the university is about 100 meet down there and the gunfire has been going on for hours also some heavy explosions as well like that one. we have been told that the attackers are on the rooftops and upper floors of the buildings and that's making it very difficult for the soldiers to fight them out of there. meanwhile, soldiers tried to keep bystanders and journalists away. my name is malcolm web, i am a journalist. managed to get the number of one of the hostages inside she was hidden in her room with five
others. it was hard to hear what she was saying but easy to hear the terror in her voice. and then she said she had to be quiet and hung up. and have -- nearby in the hospital where the injured were treated, pain, grief and horror. the government had been warned the university was a vulnerable target. and people have requested more security. these attacks led many to question why nothing was done. but measures are being taken now. >> i am the inspector general of the national police do here by issue curfew orders, in the counties of. >> reporter: but for the families of the dead students it's too late. kenyans once again have to come to terms with the loss of so many. malcolm webb, al jazerra ga respite a kenya.
and wail have lots more world news after the break including. >> we want official to his tell us if we can get back to our homes or not. we want them to give us answers. thousands of iraqis displaced during the battle for at that tikrit waiting to home. plus. how a road trip with a difference. how a car made it across the u.s. without a human driver. that's bigger than us... >> that's the pain that your mother feels when you disrespect her son... >> me being here is defying all odds... >> they were patriots they wanted there country back >> al jazeera america presents the passion... >> onward.. >> pain... >> it's too much... >> ..and triumph... inspirational real life stories >> all these labels the world
>> al jazeera america brings you a first hand look at the environmental issues, and new understanding of our changing world. >> it's the very beginning >> this was a storm of the decade >>...hurricane... >> we can save species... >> our special month long focus, fragile planet ♪ ♪ welcome back to the top stories here on al jazerra. after months of negotiations, talks over iran's nuclear
program have finally led to a framework deal. the iranian foreign minister has described it as a win-win for all sides. they now have three months to sort out more of the details. it means iran will only be able to run 6,000 centrifuges. it's agreed to limit its nuclear program to one facility and enrichment of you rain vinnie will be expand today at least 2030. in exchange sanctions against iran will be phased out. in northeastern kenya 147 people have been killed in an attack on garissa university college. more than 79 others have been injured. somali-based al-shabab militant group has claimed responsibility for the assault. at least five people have been killed in a bus explosion in northeastern nigeria. it happened outside a bus station. a representative from the driver's union says the blast was caused by an explosive left see beside a bus. at least 15 others were injured
in the attack. >> al jazerra has taken legal action to declare the detention of two of its staff by nigerian military as illegal and unconstitutional. taillight they were embedded with the military before being arrested for allegedly reported on boko haram without clearance. they have been held in a hotel in the northeastern city since last tuesday. al jazerra is seeking a court order for their immediate release. houthi fighters and their allies have made significant gains in their battle for yemen. rebels seized a strategic hilltop compound in aden despite the air strikes led by the saudi coalition. here is more. >> reporter: a symbolic victory. houthi rebel forces and their allies pushed in to the heart of yemen's second largest city aden. seizing president mansour hadi's last strong hold before the left the country last week.
the rebels stormed in to the heart of the port city, using tanks and armored vehicles despite air strikes by the saudi-led coalition, they reached as far as the central district their deepest move in to aden, but the coalition say they are work to go isolate the fighters in the city. >> they are being hunted down and targeted at various locations within the city. we are in close contact with popular resistence fighters and we will rid the city of both infiltrators. >> reporter: the coalition has been targeting the houthis and their allies, forces loyal to the hadi president set soar president saleh. over the past two days they are focused on yemen and approaching the city from east and the north. thursday's advance was a major blow to the coalition which has waged an eight-day aerial campaign. >> the houthis have a right to be part of the political process in yemen and we are not denying this. in fact that was it the g.c.c.
initiative that opened the door for the houthi to his participate in the yemeni political process. theythey cannot be a militia, they cannot have heavy weapons outside the scope of the state. that's the situation not tolerable. >> reporter: but the fighting has left 500 dead accord to this u.n. aden alone has accounted for more than 100 deaths. a further 1,700 have been injured. saudi arabia has also experienced its first casualty since the campaign began. the interior ministry says one of its border guard soldiers was culled by gunfire from a cross the border. 10 other soldiers were injured. as fighting between the two sides continues, al qaeda and the arabian peninsula laid siege to the coastal city. they freed about 300 inmates from a local prison. looted the building and killed two prison guards. an indication that the battle for yemen is turning in to a much wider struggle. al jazerra. the u.n. security council is calling for an investigation in to the latest reports of
chemical weapons in syria. activists and opposition members say syrian government helicopters dropped bombs containing chlorine gas in idlib province. here is how the council is responding. >> most of the councilmembers expressed their concern regarding these reports which occurred after the adoption of resolution 2109. which condemns in the strongest terms the use of any to toxic chemicals such as chlorine white sox a weapon in syria. members condemned the use of chlorine as a chemical weapon and call for the investigation of such reports. isil fighters are battling a palestinian coalition. also shelling has tagger he had a residential area and a hospital in the camp. it's not clear if the syrian government or isil is responsible for the coming bombing. iraqi forces have retaken
the northern part of tikrit from isil. the city was seizes byize ill last summer the -- the campaign to take it back has lasted more than a month. he has promised to help displaced people return home. isil fighters have also left the town of abdur, which is about 20-kilometer as way from tikrit. people there are now demanding to be allowed back in to their homes, but as natasha ghoneim reports some are accusing shia militias are fighting alongside iraqi forces of ruining their homes deliberately. >> reporter: birds sing are the only sounds of life here. people's belongings are scattered amidst the rubble of homes. principal's office is ran sacks stores shuddered and this mosque destroyed. 120,000 people used to live in this city about 20-kilometers outside tikrit.
now they are living in tents portsable containers and unfinishes houses in several iraqi cities. >> translator: we are financially and physically challenged. our morale is devastated and many families are living in historical way. >> reporter: in march iraqi security forces and shiite militias pushs out isil then the iraqi forces left to launch their offensive in tikrit, leaving only the shiite militias in that battered city of booby traps. they say the shiite militias, not isil, systematically destroyed their homes to keep them out of el dour forever. >> are there hid an general duhs about the town? we want official to his tell us we can get back to our homes are not. we want them to give us answers. >> reporter: both the shiite militias and iraqi security forces say isil is to blame.
>> translator: it is isil who blew up these houses before leaving. >> we are calling on the families to return, we are waiting for them to help. >> reporter: when military operations began in neighboring ca tikrit, those still left fled to avoid more violence with tikrit almost purged of isil it may be safe enough for these refugees to return, but they say they still fear the militias controlling their city. natasha ghoneim, al jazerra. officials from thailand, indonesia and myanmar have been travel to go remote islands in eastern indonesia to investigate investigations of abuse of fishermen. a year-long investigation by the associated press has revealed how thousands of for earnser locked up some of them in iron cages. we go to one of the islands named in the report. step, we were talking about this about an hour ago and you were telling me already some action
has been taken what's been going on? >> reporter: well, there is great excitement here in the very far east of indonesia. the investigation team from the indonesian government has just announced to this group of people from myanmar the people from myanmar right here and also others from cambodia and some thailand lay owes, can go home. they are going bring them on safety from ghost pwo*ets from the government because they are worried that they are not safe higher anymore. they have been speaking to journalists and also the government team. horrific stories of abuse and also about their working conditions. some of them here have been working for many years on these boats, many long hours days of work and no rest. they were not allowed to sleep they have hardly any food, and worse they were not even paid. they get some hand outs after a couple of months on the boat. they got just some pocket money but no proper salary. so you can imagine the excitement here now that they have heard that they can go home.
the government will take them very shortly now on these boats. they have divided them in groups this group is from cambodia. they have now just decided that it's time to go home and many have been want this is for many, many years they told us that they were so happy so relieved. there were actually real reports of slavery. the government has told me just now that after talking to these people they can conclude that there were cases of slavery here forced labor. people here didn't even know that they were ending up here in the east of indonesia, they were looking for jobs in thailand. they contacted an agent in myanmar, they were brought to thailand, they thought they were going to work in restaurants but then they were shipped to indonesia and ended up in this very tough fishery business. so the first thing they want to do when they are going to go home is to meet their family. they have been missing them so much. and they are bringing their belongings, you can see sorry. you can see here, how they are bringing their bags, this is all the they got. this is all that they have been gathering in the last couple of
years. so this is what they are going to bring home for the family. not any money. >> step, i have been watching some of the pictures you have been sending us from the island there, and the thing that strikes me is the scale of this. there are thousands of men who have been involved in this. >> reporter: yes. there is an alleged 4,000 people. around 4,000 people. but not only here where i am now, this is basically the company ground of this huge fishing company. they have three companies connected to thailand. but there are many others in this whole region in the far east of indonesia where many others are still stuck in their situation. >> step this media investigation lasted a year. what does this say about the level of monitoring by the i indonesian government and indeed the international companies who have been buying the fish from these sellers.
>> reporter: exactly. i have asked the same question, of course, to the head of the investigation team. how could this happen. and, of course, the answer is this is very remote. it's very, very difficult to control the situations like this we traveled a few days to actually get here, a couple of plane trips a boat ride. there is hardly any control over these areas in the far east of indonesia, that's one of the reasons this can happen. of course it's a huge concern of the companies worldwide who are buying fish that have actually been caught by slaves like these. >> step vaessen thanks very much indeed. china's former security chief has been charged with bribery and the intent to reveal state secrets. he is one of the highest ranking officials to be prosecuted since the 1980s, he is seen as a prime target in the president's anti-corruption crack down. now, the automotive industry is on the cusp after breakthrough. a car driven by a computer has
successfully made a coast to coast trip across the u.s., but as kristen saloomey reports you won't be seeing driverless cars on the road just yet. >> reporter: the idea of a self-driving car isn't new. >> what's all this? it looks like darth vader's bathroom. but the technology that seemed so futuristic in the 1980s television show knight rider is closer to reality than ever before. this very ordinary looking audi, just completed the first coast to coast road trip in the united states by an automated vehicle. a driver with the ability to override the system was always at the wheel. but 99% of the driving was done by computer. >> the human element in the driving equation is the weakest link right? 90% of accidents are caused by human error. >> reporter: delphi the auto supplier that equipped the vehicle for the trip may be celebrated. but many car enthusiasm enthusiasts at the new york auto show are not ready
to give up control of the wheel. you don't like the idea? >> no. >> reporter: why? >> i trust just myself. it's my life. >> the enjoyment of a car is really driving it. >> reporter: only five states have laws on the books dealing with driverless cars, skeptics say insurance and liability issues also have to be works out. >> they still have many, many things that they can on not do. they can't drive in heavy rain and snow. they have trouble, you know, if i holds my hands up and try to give them directions if i am a traffic cop you know, this kind of thing they can't do it. >> reporter: the days of self-driving cars may be close but are not here yes you won't find any models ready for rush hour here at the new york auto show but what we are seeing are lots of driver assistance features like this volvo which has pedestrian detection camera to his alert drivers when pedestrians get too close. from vehicle that his warn drivers when they given "real money" gain veer out of their
lane. to those that can park themselves. self driving technologies are slowly making it in to the mainstream. >> our approach by doing a stepped introduction to these technologies is to get people comfortable with them is what allows us to final move that watershed moment for a fully autonomous car. >> reporter: clearly the automotive industry is head in that direction just don't count on clever conversation with your car just yet. >> surely he didn't plan to rambis. >> reporter: kristen saloomey, al jazerra, new york. to brazil now where a helicopter crash has killed three passengers and a pilot. it went down on a residential building. no one was in the building at the time of the crash. the aviation company that owns the helicopter says everything on the craft was up to code and that the pilot had 30 years of experience. the u.s. coast card has rescued a sailor that has been reported missing for two months. he was spotted off the coast of north carolina. the 37-year-old was suffering
from dehydration and a shoulder injury, he was flown to hospital by a coast card helicopter. coast guardo visuals say the sailor survived by eating raw fish and drinking rain water. reminder that you can keep up-to-date with all the news on our website. that's al jazerra.com. aljazerra.com. cutting costs doesn't come cheap. every business in america would love to pay less for labor and energy. but be warned it could come as a steep price in the end. tonight how robots that work for nothing could one day steal your job. plus energy source that his could save our fragile planet if only we could afford them. i am ali velshi and this is "real money." ♪ ♪