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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 9, 2015 10:00am-10:31am EDT

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iran's president says there will not be a final nuclear deal unless economic sanctions are lifted immediately. ♪ >> hello, i'm rachel kerry. iran's president calls for a halt in air strikes as the u.s. warns iran over backing houthi rebels. plus greece agrees to hand over $500 million to the imf,
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and -- >> if we don't have education, we cannot improve our life or improve our country. >> reporter: the giant strides afghanistan has made in enrolling children in school. ♪ >> iran's supreme leader says not reaching a deal on the nuclear program is better than making a bad deal. he's referring to a framework agreement signed last month. and the president is warning that his country will not sign a final accord unless it is accompanied by the lifting of sanctions. >> reporter: president are rohni knows he must convince skeptics
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that iran isn't bowing to western pressure. so many say it's important for him to talk tough. that's exactly what he did, when he addressed this nuclear technology ceremony in tehran. >> translator: we will not sign any agreement unless all economic sanctions are lifted at once. on the very first day of the implementation of the agreement. >> reporter: iran wants a deal to go ahead, but the conditions must satisfy this man. iran's supreme leader. he insists the deal is non-binding and says he neither agrees nor disagrees with it. there are questions now about what this all means for the framework deal made here. after months of talks, iran agreed to limit its enrichment capacity and in turn world powers would lift a crippling
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embargo. >> make no mistake, nobody has the guts to say no to a possible nuclear deal with the west because today iran's leader said i just want to make sure i am not making a mistake. >> reporter: president obama also has to convince his own skeptics mainly in congress that he is not making a mistake. >> i'm convinced that if this framework leads to a comprehensive deal it will make our country, our allies and our world safer. >> reporter: the deal also had its worldwide critic including israel france and saudi arabia are also cautious. a deal between iran and the west is always going to be about more than just a nuclear issue. it marks a change in relations after decades of hostility. the next few months will bring
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more hard bargaining and tough rhetoric before the final deadline at the end of june. iran's supreme leader and president has spoken out against the saudi-lead air campaign in yemen, which is in its third week. the ayatollah and the president have called for a halt to the saudi-lead air strikes. rouhani also said countries in the region should help to bring the parties to the negotiating table. iran has summoned a saudi envoy to tehran have a spokesman said iran has been training yemen houthi fighters. and secretary of state john kerry is also accusing iran of providing help. >> there are a number of flights
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that have been coming in every single week. we are well aware of the support that iran has been giving yemen. and iran needs to recognize that the united states is not going to stand by while the region is destabilized or while people engage, you know in overt warfare across lines, international boundaries in other countries. >> the u.n. has estimated more than 100,000 yemenis have been displaced since the conflict began. civilians can be seen fleeing from their home. some people displaced have gathered in local parts trying to get to neighboring countries by sea. some have been escaping across the border to saudi arabia. but as our correspondent reports, they are facing more
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problems. >> reporter: they escaped the war in yemen only to get arrested in saudi arabia they were picked up by saudi security forces after they managed to smuggle themselves across the border. >> translator: i am simply trying to escape the war in yemen. >> translator: i came here to find a job to feed my family. the war has destroyed everything in yemen. >> reporter: these border guards are secondary to the army and report to the saudi ministry of interior but their job is crucial. >> translator: we're considered the second line of defense after the border guards. our task is to prevent any smuggling activity. >> reporter: the unit has been around since the establishment of saudi arabia. many personnel now follow in the footsteps of their forfathers. >> translator: you can track a
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smuggler by following the footprints. >> reporter: so far there hasn't been an exodus into saudi arabia, but if a ground offensive is launched or the war continues, those patrolling this border could find themselves dealing with an influx of refugees. russia's foreign minister says they are moving closer to holding talks with syrian president bashar al-assad. they are holding talks this week but the main opposition group is boycotting the meeting. rory challands has more. >> reporter: for the first two days of these four-day talks, it was just the opposition groups discussing things amongst themselves. the government's representative turned up on wednesday, and was handed a document and this document includes things like discussions of humanitarian
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issues and what they call the fight against terrorism. what we believe it doesn't discuss is the fate of bashar al-assad syria's leader. that is important because remember the syrian national coalition, the main opposition group in syria has been boycotting these talks. it sees the removal of bashar al-assad as the main precondition for any kind of negotiations but the landscape for syria's opposition groups has shifted considerably since the war began, nearly -- five years ago. recently we have seen the rise of the islamic state, and this has replaced bashar al-assad as the main bad man in the region. so we have detected a notable softening in the language. the other thing that has happened is the nuclear deal with iran.
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when sanctions are lifted against iran this will allow iran to operate more freely as a regional power, supporting its allies, one of those allies is bashar al-assad. so what is good for bashar al-assad is of course bad for syria's opposition. the international committee of the red cross and the u.n. have called for immediate access to a camp in syria to deliver humanitarian aid. thousands of refugees have been trapped there since isil fighters stormed the camp on the outskirts of damascus. water, food and medication are all scarce. suicide bombers from islamic state of iraq and the levant have targeted syrian opposition fighters in aleppo. a number of people were kill interested in the attacks. charles stratford reports. >> reporter: this is all that remains of the syrian
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headquarters in northern ep leapt poe province. a suicide bomber from the islamic state of iraq and the levant rammed his vehicle into the building and detonated the explosive device. dozens were reportedly killed in the attack. >> translator: god's willing, the northern countryside of aleppo will remain steadfast. we'll never allow isil to advance. >> reporter: the war in syria involves various groups all trying to remove president bashar al-assad. there are reports of occasional cooperation between some isil fighters and certain opposition groups isil wants control of all of syria, and that also means the removal of president assad. this school was also destroyed by a suicide bomber. it is believed the bomber was targeting another syrian base
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close by. more than 15 civilians and opposition fighters were reportedly killed in the attack. >> translator: isiling don't have the ability to send fighters. that's why they send car bombs. >> reporter: over 200,000 people have been killed and millions of others forced to flee from their homes since the war in syria started more than four years ago. the fighting between isil and syria's opposition groups makes any prospect of this conflict ending soon seem even more remote. charles stratford, al jazeera. three attacks in egypt's sinai have killed 13 civilians and two soldiers. the town was hit by mortar fire and a third attack was on a military vehicle. still ahead a cyber attack on a major european tv network, takes its channels off air.
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plus india suspended green peace's activities and freezing their funds. we'll find out why. ♪
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>> weeknights on al jazeera america. >> join me as we bring you an in-depth look at the most important issues of the day. breaking it down. getting you the facts. it's the only place you'll find... the inside story. >> ray suarez hosts "inside story". weeknights, 11:30 eastern. on al jazeera america. ♪ welcome back. the top stories now on al jazeera. iran's superleader says not reaching a deal on the nuclear program is better than making a bad deal. fighting in yemen's port city of aden is causing families
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to flee their homes. more than 100,000 yemenis have been displaced. russia is hosting talks with the syrian government and some opposition figures over the ongoing conflict in syria, but the main opposition group is boycotting the meeting. india has suspended green peace's activities and frozen its bank accounts. they are accused of encouraging anti-development campaigns and threatening threatening -- india's economic security. so how did this suspension come to be and what are the implications of it? >> reporter: what has been suspended is the permission for green peace india to accept foreign contributions. we have in india what is called the foreign contributions
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regulation act, under which you need permission you keep the money in specific bank accounts and use it for specified purposes only. green peace india have been accused of violating those laws. they have the option of filing an appeal before a superior officer, or going to the courts. >> what is the likelihood of an appeal happening in your opinion? >> courts do take time. especially the constitutional courts have powers of passing [ inaudible ], which would stay -- stay the action of the government in freezing it. so if -- if they move the court and get an order in their favor, saying that no -- let them explain whatever they have to
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explain. let the proceedings go on but in the meanwhile, the order itself gets stayed. then there would be a long legal battle ahead. but for a final judgment i would expect some time. >> how damaging do you think this could be to green peace? >> well there's no doubt that the government of india doesn't like green peace. it would like to control their activities possibly try to shut them down in india, if possible. but they -- this is the first shot -- shot across the bow as it were to cut off the foreign funding. if they could deregister the organization itself -- because as i'm giving to under, it is registered under a state act, so the state government would concern [ inaudible ] to take appropriate action.
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but over a period of time this could be death by a thousand cuts. >> and you say the government doesn't like green peace so are you saying the motivations are political? >> i -- well i -- i would think so because after all, we recently had an instance where somebody working with green peace was off loaded off of a plane while she was en route to london. that action was thwarted by the courts and struck down. so there is a history building up. green peace has often opposed certain operations in india, especially with regard to companies that are into mining without reference to the environmental concerns. so it is possible that the government of india sees green
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peace and organizations like it detrimental to the economic progress of the country. >> all right. lawyer for the supreme court of india, thank you very much. the founder of a leading software company has been sentenced to seven years in prison. they were convicted by a court for a massive accounting fraud. he had confessed in 2009 that he manipulated his company, costing shareholders more than $2 billion. the great government has given the go ahead to the bank of greece to repay around $501 million to the international monetary fund. on wednesday the greek prime minister signed a deal of economic cooperation with russia. barnaby phillips has the latest from the capitol, athens. >> reporter: so the greek government has cobbled together the money to make this latest
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payment back to the imf, but there is the impression it is living an increasingly hand to mouth existence. scaping together the payments when it needs them and of course struggling to raise the money to pay pensions and salaries to civil servants in this country. there has been marked irritation in some european capitols that the greeks have come out in support of the russians. alexis alexis tsipras arguing that the agreement was productive. and greece demanding that germany pay reparations back to greece because of the nazi occupation during the second
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world war, an issue that germany feels was resolved many years ago. this leaves greece is a very uncertain position the essential problem being that what the european union is demanding of the government is incompatible with the promises they made to the people when it was elected. a group calling it's a cyber caliphate is thought to be behind a recent hacking. >> reporter: in television a black screen usually spells disaster when several french channels went to black on wednesday night. producers new something was wrong. the channel's director says he was shaken and the problem is not over. >> it has been a very powerful cyber attack because we have
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very strong firewalls, and that had been very checked, recently and were said to be very safe. >> reporter: this is how seriously the french government is taking the attack not one, but three ministers spent the morning at the tv's headquarters armed policed underlined the sense of urgency. >> translator: we have taken measures in order to respond at a technological level, because it's necessary not only to deal with the situation, but also to get ahead of what the terrorists in their sick brain might have in mind. >> reporter: 11 tv channels were taken off air for a brief period references like i am if reference to the islamic state of iraq and the levant kept popping up. one message read:
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the so-called cyber caliphate has staged a similar online ambush before. at the start of the year it hacked into a twitter feed run by the pentagon the message to american soldiers say, watch your back. in the news room a reminder of an attack on the paris's based satyrical magazine charlie hebdo, since then security has been on high alert. but this is very different. men suspected in taking part on last week's attack in kenya has appeared in court in nairobi. he is one of six suspects arrested. police are accusing him of supplying guns to the four men who killed 147 people mostly students. the interior ministry says the man who is believed to be of
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tanzania origin is occurred of hiding grenades at the attack. an election is scheduled in sudan. natasha ghoneim reports. >> reporter: an activist will call hatam says he expected his participation and peaceful protests would eventually get him arrested. he describes what happened last year. >> translator: they hit me continuously. they used their hands, steal batons and [ inaudible ]. >> reporter: human rights attorney says even the elderly aren't spared. he is defending twoant viss in their 70s and 80s. they are sick imprisoned and facing terrorism charges. >> most of the people do not -- do not feel anything
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other than despair. they see the government doing whatever it likes. >> reporter: human rights activists say since security forces killed an estimated 200 people during protests in 2013 there has been a chill on the streets, they say the government is also targeting the media. last month 14 different newspapers were confiscated before they were distributed. human rights groups and journalists, the u.s. eased some of its sanctions against sudan a few months ago. the national commission for human rights says getting required permits for protests is the law, but admits permits are frequently denied. regarding media freedom, it points to outlets routinely criticizing the president and
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his government. >> translator: the freedoms of people are affected the conditions in sudan are complicated due to the war. we need the government the commission and international groups to come together to solve the problems. >> reporter: with the election days away he doesn't anticipate large protests against the government but he says that's irrelevant. >> translator: we moment we topple the government we'll stop. >> reporter: activists are simply looking beyond the election. in bangladesh 24 people have been killed in a bus crash, 22 others have been injured. they say the bus veered off of the road and then crashed into a ditch. the cause is not yet clear, but some passengers say the driver lost control of the bus. at least five have been killed and 26 others injured in
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northern afghanistan. two gunmen stormed a government come bound, killing the police chief and two other officers. officials say the taliban is behind the attack. it's been 15 years since 164 countries agreed to improve access to education. the u.n. say only one third succeeded. afghanistan used to be among the worst places in the world to go to school. but now things have improved some. education in afghanistan deteriorated when the taliban took control of the country in 1996. but things have improved greatly since the taliban were ousted. in 2012 afghanistan made the fastest progress with 87% of girls in primary schools. moving on to the third level of education, though remains a challenge, but the learning
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curve has taken a turn for the better as jennifer glasse reports from kabul. >> reporter: morning assembly at this school shows how far afghanistan has come. in 2002 there were 37 students here. now there are more than 3,000 nearly half girls. this man founded the school. 13 years ago he went door-to-door to convince parents to educate their sons and daughters. >> now my students they are practicing freedom -- freedom of talk freedom of expression and [ inaudible ] with their families in a very good way, but that has come all with the support of the community. >> reporter: the community spirit is obvious here. there's an elected student council, and a student committee to maintain discipline and in the classrooms there is a real hunger for learning. >> it is important in this time and this world that we should
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learn education, because if we don't have education, we cannot improve our life or improve our country. >> reporter: in gender parity afghanistan has made the fastest progress of any country in the world in the past 15 years. and it has one of the biggest increases in enrollment. the increase has also created problems. afghanistan doesn't have enough qualified teachers or classrooms. and for those who do finish high school getting into universities isn't guaranteed. 230,000 students are competing for 150,000 higher education spots. the test was canceled in several areas, because education officials believed it couldn't be properly administered. >> translator: we want the government to build more universities and also tackle corruption. >> reporter: afghanistan's education officials say they are aware of the system's
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shortcomings and are working to correct the problem. but for a country that has endured decades of conflict in education at least, afghanistan is doing well. and you can keep up to date with all of the news on our website, that is >> shots fired. subject is down. he grabbed my taser. new audio when a white officer shot and killed a black man. iran's top leaders say no to a nuclear deal unless sanctions are lifted immediate and it will. and a new report said the government hid the