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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 9, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm EDT

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lift all sanctions the day the deal is done. iran's supreme leader calls for tougher negotiations on iran's nuclear deal between the world powers. also coming up queues across cities in yemen has necessities wear out. aid groups warn of a humanitarian disaster celebration as a controversial statue is removed from a campus in south africa plus the rolling green
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fields of rural england where the sound of farm equipment could be overtaken by the sound of heavy drilling equipment. iran's supreme leader demanded all sanctions on iran be lifted at the same time any deal over iran's nuclear plan is concluded. that was not agreed to in talks in switzerland last week while world powers want a gradual lifting. iran is accused of backing houthi fighters who have taken control of large parts of yemen. john kerry said that was
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unacceptable. any final approval has to come from this man. but his comments show there's still some way to go yet before it's a done deal. >> what has been reached so far does not guarantee a deal. neither do talks leading up to the deal. it doesn't even guarantee these talks will continue to an end and lead to a deal. >>reporter: this will no doubt be disappointing to the p5+1 parties involved in the talks in switzerland last week. iran's president was part of
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the negotiations and now he's back on home soil where he too is talking tough. >> we will not sign any agreement unless all economic sanctions are lifted at once on the very first day of the implementation of the agreement. >>reporter: he has a fine line to walk politically, internationally, and at home. so far, he's managed to remain popular with conservatives and moderates in iran. he knows he must convince skeptics that his country isn't bowing to western pressure. barack obama also has to convince his own skeptics mainly in congress. >> i'm convinced that if this framework leads to a final comprehensive deal it will make our country, allies and our world safer. >>reporter: but the deal has its critics including israel. france and saudi arabia are also cautious. a deal between iran and the west
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is always going be about more than just the nuclear issue. it marks a change in relations after decades of political hostility. no doubt the next few months will bring more bargaining and tougher restrictions before the final deadline on june 30th. the u.s. blames iran for making the situation in yemen worse by backing the houthis. the humanitarian situation on the ground is getting worse by the day. >>reporter: these are doctors from the international committee of the red cross arriving in the southern yemeni city of aden. they arrived in djibouti by boat after their trip was approved by
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the saudi coalition. >> a surgical team. we have expertise to treat this very special type of trauma caused by bullets and bombs. >>reporter: united nations chief is concerned about yemen's deteriorating security and humanitarian situation. >> ordinary yemeni families are struggling for the very basics water, food fuel and medicines. hundreds of civilians have been been -- hospitals and schools are shutting down. some of which are our direct targets of the fighting. >>reporter: the conflict in yemen has made life difficult for millions of people. no clean water, electricity is cut most of the time and people have to queue for days to fill their cars. >> we have been waiting for four days in this queue for some gas and today is the fifth day we
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are still hopeful but due to the air strikes the gas tanks will not be able to arrive to the gas station. we are still waiting. we've borrowed money for gas because those who are targets in yemen and the yemeni people. >>reporter: dozens of angry soldiers besieged the central bank saying they have not received their salaries since september when the houthis took over the capital. in aden civilians take cover as the citizens were fighting continuous between houthis backed by soldiers loyal to former president saleh and forces loyal to president hadi. in the port city hundreds flee. they have been stranded for days waiting for the first boat to sail away. those who are lucky board these small boats headed for eastern africa leaving behind a country
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on the verge of a civil war. you can get much more analysis on our website, a senior palestinian official says he's reached an agreement with the syrian government to use military force to expel isil from the palestinian camp in damascus. about 18,000 people are still inside the yarmouk camp after isil overran it last week. it was described as a circle of hell inside the camp >> taliban fighters have killed ten people in an assault on government buildings in northern afghanistan. at least four fighters used grenades to storm the compound of the chief prosecutors office. the greek government has
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repaid around $501 million to the international monetary fund. greece has received two loans from the imf and eu since 2010 totalling $257 billion. the french television network is trying to restore its service after a cyber attack. a group calling itself cyber caliphate which claims to be linked to isil is thought to be behind the hacking. >>reporter: it usually spells disaster. producers in this office knew something was wrong when screens went black wednesday night. the channel's director said he was shaken and the problems not over. >> it's a cyber attack. we have very strong cyber walls which have been checked very recently and were said to be very safe.
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>>reporter: this is how seriously the french government is taking the attack. not one but three ministers spent the morning at the station's headquarters armed police underlined the sense of urgency. >> we have taken measures in order to respond at a technological level because it's necessary not only to deal with the situation but also to get ahead of what the terrorists in their sick brain might have in mind. >>reporter: eleven tv channels were taken off air for a brief period. messages like imif kept popping up on the website and social media pages of the network. one message read the cyber caliphate continues its cyber jihad against the enemies of the islamic state. they have staged a similar online ambush before. at the start of the year it hacked into a twitter feed run
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by the pentagon. the message to american soldiers said watch your back. in the news room a reminder of an attack on "charlie hebdo." since then french media has been on high alert. france is part of the coalition fighting isil in iraq. this is a different kind of warfare though and very sophisticated. the technical director at network security is here with us now. i asked what he thought about the online security measures of the network. >> they indicated they're not very sophisticated as far as their security. so the network director actually said that -- if that's their
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defense, then it's not really surprising that the attack occurred. >> so what are they missing? >> all that defense in depth when you're trying to stop an attacker. when you think about how an attacker breaks into a network, they need a foot hold which is often done through mal malware. but then also identify indicators of that type of behavior. >> is it your impression that it's likely to be isil in this case? and how does this particular attack compare with say, the one on the pentagon systems? >> so it's very difficult to have accurate attribute at abuse
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attribution across the network. it could also be another attacker that has no affiliation or anything to gain from saying it's isil apart from the notoriety of raising the profile from a media perspective. south africa's cape town university has removed a controversial statute. many say it was a symbol of white privilege. >>reporter: an unceremonious end to cecil rhodes in cape town
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after a vote on the removal. most of these students were born after the fall of apartheid. >> the university is trying to protect itself and its funding or are they really not interested in integrating and transforming and decolonizing. it's a conversation about decolonization. >>reporter: it provoked a counterdemonstration. elsewhere, other eaveffigy s have also been defaced. row after row of art work from
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afrikaans history have been removed from buildings that the curator is determined to protect. >> we have to try and cherish the diversity of our culture and i think it's going to take a while but i sincerely hope that they're not thinking that by demolishing or scrapping evidence of the statute. we are all the product of centuries of what they did and accomplished. >>reporter: the final destination for statue is now up to the south african government. sim bobzimbabwe zimbabwe's president declined to
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exhume his remains fearing his spirit may reside there. plus while the future is looking brighter for afghanistan's students more and more girls are enrolling in schools. schools.
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>> al jazeera america, weekday mornings. catch up on what happened overnight with a full morning brief. get a first hand look with in-depth reports and investigations. start weekday mornings with al jazeera america. open your eyes to a world in motion. iran's supreme leader says last week's nuclear negotiations are not at all a deal.
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he's also been speaking out against air strikes in yemen calling them a crime. he's urged a halt in the fighting and peace talks to begin. >> and the u.n. secretary-general has described the situation inside the yahr mouth refugee camp in damascus a circle of hell since isis overran it last week. al shabaab is responsible for killing 147 people at garissa university a week ago. but just how willing are people to provide authorities with any information ahead of such an attack? they are becoming increasingly
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alienate ed. >>reporter: they are too afraid to give information to the government. i met some clan elders who told me why. >> i once gave information to police. they arrested me saying i'm al shabaab. how do they expect us to give them information if we're going to be victimize. >>reporter: somalis from this region accuse police and the military for targeting them in regular government crackdowns. this is the main market. in 2012 three soldiers were killed by unidentified gunmen just outside. there was a government crack down. they believe that the government blamed the traders for it. she was shot in that raid. it took her two months and the help of relatives to rebuild her
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store. but much longer for her wounds to heal. they shot me this side and it came out the other side. we had no cars so people had to carry us to the hospital. >>reporter: and now a dusk to dawn curfew is in place and people are already complaining of arbitrary arrests and disappearances. this man says his relative was arrested in a raid last month. they haven't seen him since. >> we found his bloody shoes at the ho tell where the raid happened. it was reported to police. we're still looking for him. >>reporter: the new county commissioner in charge of security told us his priority is to win over people here. >> leadership. allegiance. to me, that gives me an opportunity to really get into the community. >>reporter: he also says somalis, regardless of where they come from must be screened
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thoroughly. at this checkpoint police do just that checking documents and fingerprints. this is one of many road blocks set up all the way to nairobi. some travellers say they don't mind the checks but have a problem with what they see as racial profiling and the bribes they sometimes have to pay. france's most controversial politicians had a very public falling out. she is blocking her father from running for another key political role saying his outbursts are uncomfortable and not just damaging her but the party he founded. >>reporter: she's probably his most vocal supporter or at least she was. the national front's leader was desperate to become president at one point. his daughter by his side. but now she is leader.
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hissout spoken remarks are too much for her and she will block him trying to distance herself from him. >> i think deep down he needs to show wisdom and accept the consequences of the turmoil which he himself has created and maybe he should give up his political responsibilities. >> they do not share the same idealology and do not belong to the same generation. many have seen it coming. outbursts have been getting more and more uncomfortable. describing the nazi gas chambers as a detail of history. praising france's wartime leader who collaborated with the nazis.
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his daughter response his status as honorary president does not give him the right to hijack the national front with vulgar provocations seemingly designed to damage me but unfortunately hit the whole movement. he intends to express his fuse as a politician who is responsible, free and always walks with his head held up leading to a significant move from her to call a meeting of the party's executive bureau with him present to quote, find the best way of protecting the interests of the movement. the goal has always been to convince voters her party is the very embodiment of what it means to be french. take, for example, joan of arc. the national front has adopted her as one of its symbols. while the feeling might be that kind of history helps, it's the more recent history proving to be a hindrance.
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which is why his opinions are no longer required and deemed not even wanted when it comes to his own daughter. national front may be united front. not for that family not at the moment. it's been 15 years since 164 countries agreed to improve access to education. a new u.n. report says only a third have succeeded. one of them is afghanistan which was once considered to be among the worst places for schooling after decades of civil war. education deteriorated after the taliban took control in 1996. no girls were allowed in secondary school and only 4% attended primary school. in 2012, afghanistan made the fastest progress than any country in terms of gender equality. while many afghan children are
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keen to learn, moving on to higher levels remains a challenge. >>reporter: morning assembly shows how far afghanistan has come. in 2002 there were 37 students here. now there are more than 3,000. nearly half of them girls. he founded the school. 13 years ago, he went door to door to convince parents to educate their sons and daughters. >> now my students they're practicing their freedom, freedom of talk expression interacting with their families in a very good way. but that has come all with the support of the community. >>reporter: the community spirit is obvious here. there's an elected student council and a student committee to maintain discipline. and in the classrooms there's a real hunger for learning. >> it's important in this time and this world that we should
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learn education because if we don't have education, we cannot improve our lives or our country. >>reporter: afghanistan has made the fastest progress of any country in the world in the past 15 years and it has one of the biggest increases in enrollment. but the increase has also created problems. afghanistan doesn't have enough qualified teachers or classrooms. some students have to study in shifts. and for those who do graduate going to university is not guaranteed. the exam process has been tainted by allegations of bribery and cheating. the test was canceled in several areas because education officials believed it could not be proper administered. >> we want the government to build more universities and also tackle corruption. >>reporter: afghanistan's education officials say they're aware of the system's
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shortcomings and are working to correct the problem. but they say for a country that's endured decades of conflict in education at least, afghanistan is doing well. jennifer glass, al jazeera, kabul indications of a new multibillion dollars oil field has been found in england. there could be as much as $100 billion barrels beneath the earth. >>reporter: the rolling country side is about as far as you can get from the typical image of an oil field. but analysis at this exploration well has sparked excited talk of black gold beneath the fields. >> it's a big sponge. 1,500 feet thick with vast amounts of oil in it.
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it's a great find. >>reporter: the basin covers a large area of southeast england. the latest announcement focuses on the area under horse hill a well just two miles north of london's gatwick airport. it's found new data indicating the possibility of massive oil reserves. as much as 100 billion barrels might be down there. the company is saying in a statement peppered with caveats. it talks about drilling work creating estimates, ongoing analysis, and possible potential resources. what's clear is that nobody really knows exactly how much oil is actually here. that didn't stop the share price from rocketing on thursday after more than 400% at one point.
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just a year ago, independent scientists from the british gee logic survey said there are reservations about 100 billion barrels is realistic. we had a lot of disruption last year just giving us a taste of what could be. >>reporter: the enthusiasm over the data is understandable. and if accurate it would represent one of the most significant discoveries in recent decades. but until ongoing analysis is completed, talk of a bonanza of
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black cold remains just speculation you can always catch up with all news and sports on our website, and you can also watch us by clicking on the watch live icon at the top left-hand side of the screen. de of the screen. >> the science of fighting a humanity and we are doing it in a unique way. this is a show about science by scientists. let's check out the team of hard-core nerds. dr crystal dilworth is a molecular neuroscientist. tonight -