Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 10, 2015 1:00am-1:31am EDT

1:00 am
talking tough - iran's supreme leader says a deal on the nuclear programme is not guaranteed hello, i'm darren jordon, you are watching al jazeera live from doha, ahead international from doha, ahead international aid and medical supplies arrive in after two weeks of saudi-led air strikes. >> the test of the relationship between the u.s. and cuba as leaders arrive in panama for an historic meeting. >> it's a privilege to go into everyone's living room. >> the end of a marathon
1:01 am
richie benaud, the voice of cricket dice at the age of 84 iran has questioned the details of a nuclear framework deal. president hassan rouhani demanded all sanctions be lifted at the same time as any deal on the nuclear programme is concluded. that was not agreed on framework thrashed out during talks in switzerland. world powers want a reduction of sanctions instead and it's hoped a deal can be finalised by june 30th. >> reporter: any final agreement has though come from this man, ayatollah khamenei. his latest comments show there's some way to goat yet before it's a done deal.
1:02 am
>> translation: what has happened so far does not guarantee a deal. it doesn't agree that the deals will continue until the end. >> reporter: the talks will be disppding for the p5+1 parties involved in the marr than talks in switzerland last week there rairn to limit in the deal is set to be signed at the end of june. the iranian president was part of the nuclear negotiation, now he's back on home soil where there's resistance to the deal and he's talking dufftough. >> we will not sign any agreement unless all economic sanctions are lifted at once on the first day of the implementation of the agreement. >> he has a fine line to walk politically - both internationally and at home. so far he's managed to remain popular with conservatives and
1:03 am
moderates in iran, and he must convince skeptics of the nuclear deal, that his country is not bowing to western pressure. u.s. president obama has to convince his own skeptics, mainly in congress. >> and i am convinced that if this framework leads to a final comprehensive deal, it will make our country, our allies, and our world safer. >> reporter: but the deal has critics, including israel. france and saudi arabia are also cautious. a deal between iran and the west is always going to be about more than just the nuclear issue. it marks a change in relation it marks a change in relations after decades of political hostility. no doubt the next few months will bring more hard bargaining and tough rhetoric before the final deadline on june 30th well, the u.s. state department responded to the comments made by iran's leaders saying all concerns will be
1:04 am
addressed in final talks in june. >> we are not addressing the details in public. i'm not going to comment on his public statements, and we are not - as the process goes forward, we will not react to every public statement made by iranian officials. >> abraham is a former u.s. state department legal advisor. he says securing a nuclear deal is part of a strategy in the middle east. >> iran has a very clear objective in the middle east to create a shi'ite empire, essentially, and they are fighting or supporting fighting in syria, iraq. in lebanon. now in yemen as well. so it's very hard to imagine that an agreement that is related to one part of all the activities that iran engages in, that we don't agree with and don't wish to tolerate will have
1:05 am
a lasting impact saudi-led air strikes targeted yemen or a sa 15th day. some yemenis have been fleeing the violence, heading to the border with saudi arabia. they face further hardship arriving at the border. >> reporter: they escape the war in yemen only to get arrested in saudi arabia. these yemenis were picked up by saudi security forces after smuggling themselves across the border. >> translation: if i could have entered legally, i would. >> i am trying to escape the war in yemen. i came here to find a job to feed my family. the war has destroyed everything in yemen.
1:06 am
the border guards are secondary to the army and reports to the saudi ministry. the job is crucial. >> translation: we are considered the second line of defense. the task is to prevent activity. >> reporter: the mujahideen unit has been around since the establishment of saudi arabia. many followed in the footsteps of their forefathers. >> translation: you can track a smuggler by monitoring the footprint, they are deeper and usually more spaced out. there hasn't been an exodus of yemenis escaping into saudi arabia. if a war is launched. those patrolling the border could be dealing with an influx of refugees. meanwhile iran stepped up criticism of the saudi-led air strikes in yem ben. the air campaign has not stopped the houthi advance.
1:07 am
the first aid arrived in the country. >> reporter: these are doctors from the international committee of the red cross arriving in the southern yemeni city of aden. they set off by boat from djibouti, after the trip was approved. >> it's a mandate of icrc to take care of the victims of war. for us, as a surgical team. have the skills and expertise to treat the special type of trauma caused by high-speed bullets and bombs. >> reporter: the united nations chief is concerned about yemen's deteriorating security and humanitarian situation. >> ordinary yemeni families are struggling for the basics - water, food, fuel and medicines. hundreds of civilians have been killed. hospitals and schools are shutting down, some of which are
1:08 am
direct targets of the fighting. >> reporter: the conflict in yemen made life difficult for millions of people. no clean water, electricity is cut most of the time and people have to queue for days to fill their cars. we have been waiting for four days in this queue for gas. today is the fifth day. we are hopeful. due to the air strike, the gas tanks were not able to arrive to fill the gas station. we are waiting. we borrowed money for gas, that's because those targetting yemen and the yemeni people. >> reporter: there's discontent across the country. dozens of angry soldiers besieged the central bank of the tiaz saying they have not received salaries since september when the houthis took over the capital sanaa. in aden civilians take cover in the city center, where fighting continues between houthis backed by soldiers loyal to the former president saleh, and forces
1:09 am
loyal to president abd-rabbu mansour hadi. in the port city of makhar hundreds flee. they have been stranded waiting for the first boat to sail away. those that are lucky board the small boats, headed for eastern africa, leaving behind a country on the verge of a civil war. the u.n. secretary-general says the refugees of yarmouk are living in unspeakable continues. about 16,000 are inside the camp after fighters from i.s.i.l. over ran it last week. aid agencies call for the fighting to stop so help could get to the refugees facing food and water shortages. >> the yarmouk refugee camp is a circle of hell. after more than two years of
1:10 am
mostly seige 18,000 palestinians and syrians held hostage by dash and other militant. a refugee camp is beginning to resemble a death camp. the residents are turned into human shields. as many as 3,000 used to across the boarder between turkey and syria. it's been closed to stop new syrian refugees entering turkey for the last month. bernard smith reports. until a month ago this person could have crossed to turkey from syria by showing her >> reporter: i've been walking tore two hours, i want to see my son. there's no way to get in. >> reporter: she is being snuggled in because turkey closed its border to syrians escaping the civil war.
1:11 am
turkish officials say they are committed to an open-door policy, is 1.2 million syrians in turkey. 1,000 to 3,000 crossed border until it was closed. emergency medical cases can get through. syrian can leave turkey through the borders, they can't come back. security is a concern in the towns along the border, where there has been car bombings and discoveries of weapons caches. this is an explosion of a bomb left under the car of a free syrian army commander. >> i think this was down to the militias of bashar al-assad. i might not have been the main target. the purpose of the operation
1:12 am
might have been to destabilize the security because an incident like this might provoke a negative reaction from turkish citizens towards syrians, that's how the intelligence works. >> these people were caught as smugglers tried to get them in to turkey. the speculation amongst syrians stuck on either side of the border is that the government wants to minimise security risks before national elections in june. they fear the border could be closed until then turkey's president recep tayyip erdogan says that he will only consider improving relations with egypt if ousted president mohamed mursi and his muslim brotherhood allies are released from prison. ties between both countries have been strained since the egypt army toppled mohamed mursi. they have ties with the party. the muslim brotherhood is outlawed in egypt three attacks in egypt's sinai killed 11 civilians and
1:13 am
two security. a town boarding gaza were hit by mortar fire. a rebel group believed affiliated with i.s.i.l. claimed responsibility for previous attacks in the area. time for a break, when we come back flying into unchartered territory, when we come back president obama flies into panama where he'll meet raul castro from cuba and a french television stakes taken off air. more on that. stay with us.
1:14 am
1:15 am
1:16 am
welcome back. the top stories here on al jazeera - iran's president hassan rouhani demanded that ail sanctions on his country be lifted. at the same time any deal as iran's nuclear programme is concluded. the international community wants a gradual reduction in sanctions. iran's supreme leader ayatollah khamenei described air strikes op yemen as an act of genocide. houthi fighters are continuing their advance in eastern yemen. u.n. secretary-general ban ki-moon said the residents of the refugee camp on the outskirts of damascus are in the deepest circle of hell. 16,000 are still inside the camp after fighters from i.s.i.l. overran it last week. is >> u.s. president obama and cuban president raul castro
1:17 am
arrived in panama city for the summit of the americas. the two plan to meet face to face in what is billed as an historic encounter. the u.s. and cuba are trying to mend political ties after six decades of hostility. our diplomatic editor james bays has the latest from panama the summit of the americas is held every two years, this is the 21st anniversary of the first summit. it's a coming of aim, for the first time all of the country's of the americas are hear at the same place in panama. that is partly because of the u.s. and cuba at the end of last year. a lot of attention will be on the relationship between the two countries. many expecting that perhaps there'll be an important announcement on the designation of cuba as a state sponsor of terrorism, that will get lifted while the leaders are here in panama city. so the u.s. will have hoped that this will change their relationship with latin america,
1:18 am
but there is a cloud on the horizon for president obama. that is what happened just over a month ago, when he issued an executive order, sanctions on individuals in venezuela, venezuela officials. some said that that was a clumsy move and has meant what was supposed to be a positive news story is not as positive as washington hoped. juan carlos is a latin american policy analyst at the considers itself a victim of u.s. global interests. >> it's been their point to see themselves as a victim, announcing embargoes and sanctions. gathering support from other latin american countries in the last decade and a half. all of a sudden the united states wants to be friend with
1:19 am
you. it's interesting. if you see some statements by raul castro in the last months, it looks like he's trying to raise the price of engaging the united states. he said restoring the diplomatic ties will not be possible until they return from guantanamo to cuba, unless they pay compensation for 50 years of economic sanctions. it looks like he's not that eager to be friend with the united states after the presidential vote last month nigerians will head to the polls for regional leaders. they head to the poll on saturday. we have this report from the north. ahmed idris reports. >> reporter: a powerful governor presides over millions controlling huge resources. importantly, he and his colleagues across the country
1:20 am
have enormous influence on state and national decisions. ignoring them cost the counter ruling party a lot in the elections last month. >> governor's forum was critical and important. it was playing an important role in making some checks and balances in the national equation. and to allow five governors to leave the party together and so many other senior officials of the government that was really key in ensuring success over the party, was a huge mistake. >> it set the tone for a crushing defeat of the ruling party. attention has shifted to the election of governors, and the succession battle is hot in many areas. so much is at stake. >> here in the largest state in the north, whoever is elected in the election on saturday has at
1:21 am
his disposal not only political influence over 12 million, but huge rurss. that is a -- resources. that is a reason political parties and candidates are fighting for the vote. governments constitute a political block have had a hand in every election. despite the separation of powers, they exert high level of influence over the legislature, and that is a source of concern to some. >> they are very very powerful by the controlling the gross roots and local governments and later governments. they become more in their areas. >> what needs to be done is for the houses of assembly to stand on their feet and refuse to be used by the government to reduce the powers as well as to reduce the money that were supposed to go to the local government. >> for now, the powerful
1:22 am
governors continue to influence the way government is run - at the local and regional level. and at the center the federal lawmakers need or have to tolerate them until the political structure changes, or the constitution is amended let's take you now to that meeting in panama city where u.s. president obama and cuban president raul castro arrived for the summit of the americas. before they talk the u.s. secretary of state john kerry has been meeting his cuban counterpart, bruno rodry. this is the picture. he and john kerry, u.s. secretary of state john kerry and cuba's foreign minister meeting there ahead of u.s. president obama and cuban president raul castro greece has made a repayment
1:23 am
of over $5 million to the international monetary fund and owes $25.5 billion. it must re pay $353 billion. the largest amount owed to the financial stability, set up by the eurozone to help countries hit by the financial crisis. >> so greece lives to fight another day. it cobbled together the money to repay the instalment to the i.m.f. it will owe more money to the i.m.f. and central bank in the weeks to come. it's said to be living oo hand to mouth, scraping money together to pay pensions and salaries. it needs a lasting agreement with other european partners that looks difficult because of the suspicion that has grown up over the previous weeks between
1:24 am
this syriza administration and other european governments. we saw irritation across europe over alexis tsipras going to moscow and saying that greece did not support the e.u. sanctions against russia over the alleged military involvement in the eastern ukraine. i don't think that went down well at all. then there was a rancour us disagreement between greece and germany, with the greeks saying that germany owes it money for reparations in return for the nazi occupation dating back to the 1940s. all of this is making it difficult for the greek government and the european movement to finalise an agreement. >> reporter: a french television network is back on air after a cyber attack crippled its broadcast and social media acts. a group calling itself cyber cal fate is thought to be behind the hacking. we have this report. >> reporter: in television a black screen usually spells
1:25 am
disaster. when several french channels went to black on wednesday night producers in the office knew something was wrong. >> it's been a powerful cyber attack. we have strong firewalls and that has been checked very recently. >> this is how seriously the french government is taking the attack. not one, but three ministers spent the morning at the hours. >> we have taken measures to respond at a technological level because it's necessary not only to deal with the situation, but to get ahead of what the terrorists in their sick brain may have in mind. >> 11 tv channels were taken off air for a brief period. messages like imif a message in reference to the islamic state of iraq and levant popped up on the website and social media pages. on facebook a message read:
1:26 am
are threats by faceless hackers a nuisance or something to fear? we asked a cyber security expert that helped other tv stations stay safe online. >> it helps people in my position to sell services to say you should be it's probably easy to dismiss. the truth is you see it happening more and more. it's not something you should have sleepless nights about, unless it's your job to have sleepless nights. >> like officials at the pentagon a twitter feed was hacked into by the same group. the so-called cyber caliphate left a message saying "watch your back", we know little about the group, whether it is linked to i.s.i.l. or jumping on the bandwagon. >> we will not stop fighting. >> the online ambush is making headlines and has the attention of governments. perhaps it's mission
1:27 am
accomplished then now, he was the voice of cricket. ritchie benaud's commentary was legendary. he died at the age of 84. before entering the commentary box he can tained the australian side -- captained the australian side winning everything there was to win. andrew thomas looks back on his career. >> reporter: to australians he was the sound of summer the voice of cricket. >> those two have to find out if they are still there. >> yes, but he's just checked. >> reporter: his commentary a companied hundreds of matches, the one constant - whether australian team won, lost or drew. >> benaud in.
1:28 am
>> in his day ritchie benaud mostly won. he played 63 times for his country, took more than 200 test wickets and scored more than 2,000 runs as captain he never lost a series. >> bowled neck and crop... >> first innings total of only 242 - not very good, that. >> reporter: it was after he retired from playing the game, after hanging up the baggy green cap that benaud went from sports star to legend as the king of commentators. >> let me tell you what i thought about it. it was a disgraceful performance... >> cricket matches can be slow, there's long gaps to fill. benaud was the master. >> it's been a privilege to go into everyone's living room throughout that time.
1:29 am
>>reporter: most importantly it was familiar. benaud behind the microphone was essential. >> we won't miss a ball of the cricket. >> richie benaud has been the voice of cricket. there'll be few australians who have not passed a summer in the company of richie benaud. he was the accompaniment of an australian summer. his voice was more present than the chirping of the cicadas in our suburbs and towns. >> reporter: days in the hot sun took their toll, benaud's long illness with skin cancer. when he went public he implored young players to wear cream and a cap. it was a car crash two years ago that ended his media career. >> just enjoying iced milo, marvellous what a difference milo makes to keep you in top form. >> reporter: richie benaud will be remembered as a great cricketer, an ambassador of the game. >> when the australians came out to field, there was a nice and
1:30 am
memorable moment and quick reminder. you can keep up to date with all the news on the website. there it is on your screen - terrorism is something that threatens americans at home and abroad. but all the military might in the world is not enough to stop it. tanks, troops have given away to interrogation and intelligence in a fight for hearts and minds. on the home front a conflict has emerged pitting our need for protection against our right to privacy. i'm david shuster in for ali velshi. our special report - a smarter war on terror be