demanding justice the families of victims killed in the worst mining accident. and nobel prize winner gunter glassdoesn'ter grass doesn'ter--doesn'ter--gunter grass dies at 87. houthi rebels are advancing. military plainser planes have pounded the port city of aden including the presidential palace, which is in houthi hands. there has been heavy fighting on the ground there tribesmen are getting involved. there is concern about the houthi advance into southern areas. it's because of their proximity to the red sea and the gulf of aden key shipping routes for
oil. >> the scribes are still sending forces and ground offensive. but up until now we have not seen any more. >> saudi arabia reached out to pakistan for help. the country was specifically asked for military support. >> they ask for troops. they asked for the army troops air force as well as naval ships. their demand to the parliament in pakistan and it was the will of the people and the decision
was taken by them. it was deliberateed upon, and the verdict came out. it is fully supportive. we don't want boots on ground in yemen i don't think there is anything wrong with that one. we have said we would be fully prepared to support the saudis if threatened by a foreign force, yemenis or anyone coming across. we will defend and surely our help. >> u.n. estimates 600 people have been killed since the airstrikes began.
a further 2,200 people have been wounded. the violence has also driven an estimated 100,000 people from their homes. one of the most pressing concerns is hunger. according to the u.n. before the airstrikes even began ten million people in yemen faced difficulties obtaining food. that's now gone up to 12 million people. the fight something making it extremely difficult to get aid in two planes from the international community of the red cross and they have managed to land carrying 53 tons of medical supplies. u.n. secretary general for human rights said that half of the casualties so far have been civilians. >> what is essential now is that an acute crisis that does not involve into chronicle chronicle one. we are now in the fifth year of
not only fighting but killing including killing civilians. now i think that there is still a window of opportunity when fighting in yemen could be stopped. it seemed that for certain in time it was able to work on some sort of compromises and arrangements. and should get proper backing from the security council. >> russia has lifted a ban to supply sophisticated air defense missile system to iran. president vladimir putin signed the $800 million deal back in 2007, but later canceled it
after the u.n. em imposed sanctions on iran because of its nuclear program. rory why now? >> that's a good question. basically it has been left to the foreign minister lavrov to explain president putin's decision. what he said was that what has been agreed in lausanne, the nuclear deal with iran, basically means that this embargo was no longer necessary. the p5+1 parties are moving towards a solid agreement these kinds of embargoes are detrimental, particularly to the countries that are trying to sell these sorts of weapons. he said that russia was no long willing or able to take the
financial and reputational costs it was dealing by reneging on the deal with iran. iran had taken this to arbitration it had not come to a resolution, but was trying to get to an end for not delivering these weapons. but now it will start selling the weapons. >> iran demanded that all sanctions be lifted before a nuclear deal. is this putin's way of agreeing? >> that was one of iran's demands that, sanctions be lifted before any nuclear deal. i'm just wondering if this is putin's way of agreeing and saying it wants a closer relationship with iran, possibly possibly. >> yesyes, well, i suppose it is. it reaffirms russia's relationship with iran, which is
generally always been friendly. it is likely to praise the blood pressure of quite a few people in washington. we know that sergei lavrov and secretary of state john kerry were having a discussion with each other before the announcement was made about this missile system. if lavrov and kerry were talking about this, then obviously it had some sort of awareness that there wasn't an awareness in washington, and this was not going to happen. if they didn't talk about this, then that's going to annoy john kerry considerably. so yes i think the united states will be thinking that this has been conducted probably within an indecent amount of haste considering delicacy of the situation going on are iran right now. >> thank you. polls are closed on the first day of voting in sudan's election. it was morninged by a low voter
turnout in parts of the country. almost all of the opposition parties boycott the vote. catherine soi reports. >> this is what the first day of voting in khartoum looked like. for most of the day electorals had nothing to do but wait. i highlightithe highlight of this polling station was the arrival of president al bashir. >> i believe it's very important to vote. it unifies people and helped to stabilize the country. >> other people would argue that it's too early to gauge the turn out. they say khartoum does not represent the country. >> most of those voting are the elderly. they have not even many young people. many say the reason why they're not vote something because they
feel their vote will not make a difference. >> the main opposition parties just like in 2010 boycott the election and are telling people not to vote. >> it is not given the elections. it's not the election at all or if you insist to call it elections fair elections. >> a journalist, he has been arrested and detained several times. he did not vote in 2010 and he's not voting now. he said a national dialogue needs to be held, but the government led by the national congress party also improved democracy and allow the freedom of speech. is not any positive sign that something new will come after the election. they're going to have new think organize political reform or economic reform. but. sudan now we will know that there is no power to any other
institution in the hand of the president himself. if you want to take the position he can take it. >> some of the people were caughtboycott the election and sailed they would not participate. will there are 15 candidates running against bashir, but they are little known and some say not a threat to the president. >> there is till so much to come here on the al jazeera news hour. why sunni muslims say they're still frightened even though isil has fled. billions of dollars pledged but only a quart of the money has shown up. we'll report on the struggle to rebuild gaza. and in sport paris gets the green light of another olympic games, but they're facing competition.
>> in turkey 45 people are standing trial over the biggest mine disaster in the country's history. 301 miners died last year after an explosion at the coal mine. bernard smith reports from istanbul. >> for the relatives of the 301 miners killed in the did soma disaster. this was an emotional day. they had come to see the start of the trial of 45 people accused of being responsible for what happened hundreds of meters underground last may. the defendants include eight former managers charged with murder. >> this is not enough to express our pain. i have another son. he still works underground. he goes there every day. every day he goes there, and i wonder when the news will come. >> the disaster happened when a pit was engulfed by flames and carbon monoxide gas. some 800 miners were trapped.
an investigation found a long list of faults including a lack of gas detecters badly maintain maintained gas masks and poor ventilation. no government officials are on trial. although there is a separate investigation going on into the inspectors who gave the mine an operating license. >> if the minister dos not grant the mission to launch a probe against civil servants whose wrongdoings were in reports then it's government against justice. it means the government avoids putting the officers on trial. it means that it protects them. >> prosecutors are demanding 25-year jail sentences for every one of the 301 victims. among the soma disaster and turkish parliament pushed through legislation aimed at improveing labor safety. but this country still has the worst record in europe when it
comes to work-relateed deaths. and just this year 350 people have been killed according to worker health and safety. >> in iraq a car bomb exploded in a shia area of south baghdad killing ten people. according to local police a parked car explodeed in an industrial complex and adjacent restaurants. 28 people are reported injured. in the iraqi province of diyala say that they're frightened of shia militias. they are accused of looting kidnapping and revisal attacks. we have more on that. >> reporter: this family lives in a camp on the outskirts of the city. their hometown was under isil's control since june. for three months ago iraqi forces backed by militias recaptured it. they are sunni and they say that they are scared to return.
>> we are afraid of the militias. we're afraid that they might kill us and our families. >> we don't have weapons to defend ourselves if those militias would storm our home. we would be dead just like the victims of the massacres. >> thousands of iranian-backed shia fighters and some government troops started a campaign to recapture isil. now posters of the iran's supreme leader and his predecessor are everywhere. this border crossing was closed for 30 years. now it's wide open.
>> after the liberation in diyala. they phenomenon is tearing apart the unity of the people. there is a sectarian and ethnic strife taking place in diyala. >> but they say the fighters are only defending their country. he denies any wrongdoing. >> the talk of changing the demography is not true. we felt the danger of isil reaching diyala. we stopped them. with the sunni politicians accusing of doing is just detain the reputation of the fighters. >> iraq's fight against isil is not over. and there are growing fears of more reprisal attacks. presidential bady took over the command of the popular mobilization force to curb the criminal activities of a few members. but he also warned again demon
eyeing this force which is now the main power fighting isil. al jazeera baghdad. >> teams in iraq are exhuming the bodies of 136 people thought to be massacred. the human rights ministry said that some bodies have been removed from four mass graves in tikrit. it's thought that they were recruits from a nearby camp killed by isil. more dna is needed to confirm their identity. calling on all sides to inspect the palestinian camp. they say that residents of the yarmouk camp have suffered untold indignities. syrian government forces have been fighting with isil and have seized control of much of the area a week ago. we're joined from damascus via
skype. thank you for joining puts i want to know more about what you've been find out about the experiences that people are having there in the camp. >> well, we've been greatly alarmed by the developments in recent days inside yarmouk in the change and intensification of the camps. we're dealing with a population, there were 18,000 people before the latest intensification of the fighting inside yarmouk who have now been for two years exposed to extreme hardship, immense concerns for their security and for the supplies in terms of food and others. and yesterday i visited a school in the vicinity of yarmouk where people have arrived and been fleeing to in recent days, and they have been supporting there. we realized that we were hearing tales really of bear survival
and i sat down with women with newborn children, literally born in one case a day before the recent changes inside yarmouk and then she fled with her newborn. we realized much of these conflicts are at the end of the day, about human suffering and we wanted to respond to the critical needs both for people who are inside, that's a big challenge, but also for people who are outside of yarmouk and are arriving in neighboring areas of the town. >> you say you're trying to garner some kind of response. but how do you get through--i'm hearing stories of people eating grass because there is such little food there. how daughter get people food when you have isil concerns. and where it doesn't seem to be much international desire to resolve this. >> first point as an organization it is our daily experience of working in these
difficult circumstances for months the assistance was being provided on the basis of hard work. and today actually we've been able and a team of ours has gone to an area of the damascus just to the southeast of yarmouk where hundreds if not thousands of people had arrived from a yarmouk in recent days. to provide our first distribution of aid to them, food but also cooking and hygienic material. this was the result of a facilitation and dialogue with the syrian government, and coordination with our partners. it's very important because it illustrates the seriousness with which we're trying to reach people who have for the moment decided we must flee from yarmouk to neighboring areas. they will be trying to be there temperature rarely of course, as
you indicated the big concern for those who also remain inside. this will require more work for us to reach because the changes on the ground had been so significant, and of course the insecurity in the area has been so much worsened that we need to find new modalities. the fact that the team has been able to reach out is an important step and we hope to be able to build on this in coming days. >> good on you and your teams to be able to do this work. thank you very much. >> you're welcome. >> the company that ran china's biggest petroleum company is now on charges for taking bribes. petrol china is asia's largest oil producer and has been the subject of a widespread corruption investigation. linked to massive political corruption scandals. so-called
bribery lists discovered at the head of a construction company committed suited last week. eight names on the list are high profile figures. close to the president as harry fawcett explains in this emerging candle has scandal has the potential to being a very damaging one. he was being investigated with his dealings with the previous prime minister and projects he had been involved in. last week he gave a news conference in which he denied any i don't think doing in that, and then the next day he took his own life but not before he left a list of who he had made payments to. now the key thing all of these eight men have close links to president. one of them is current chief of
staff. one is the current prime minister. and perhaps more intriguingly he also said he made a payment to her campaign manager in the 2012 election campaign. he said that he paid $180,000 usa, and that was used for president park's presidential campaign. now we have this worrying scandal for her. she said that she will support the investigation that just must be served, and the men involved are saying they'll cooperate with investigators. >> ten teachers in the u.s. state of georgia will receive their sentences for conspiring to help students cheat on state tests. another teacher was convicted when she was pregnant will be sentenced later. the former educators were accused of falsifying test results to collect bonuses and keep their jobs. in the city of atlanta andy, i'm wondering how widespread
this was. >> well, this has been called the biggest cheating scandal in u.s. history. at the time the investigation began 180 employee who is worked the public school system were accused of cheating. many were principals ever schools and involved 44 schools in all. there are some reports during those past few years teachers even gathered at parties and dinner parties to deliberately change the test scores of people. now what is happening ten people have been accused of racketeering amongst other charge, which is normally reserved for major crimes, are facing. sentences of up to 20 years. you see a large gathering of people supporting those teachers saying that it's part of a larger problem. the standardized tests that you see across the u.s. are
unrealistic and pupils are not taught properly. they're calling for these ten teachers to be released today for time already served. they're facing sentences of to 02 years. the people are saying that the tests are unrealistic and people here in have had government withdraw money from institutions. that sentence something due to take place at any moment now. the courtroom is said to be packed with family members of those teachers and are waiting the verdict. >> thank you. still ahead. >> in new york where historical documents are being auctioned off from one of the world's greatest mathematicians. >> the oil price slide means cut back force ecuador.s for
>> part of al jazeera america's >> special month long evironmental focus fragile planet >> a reminder of the top stories in al jazeera. fight something intensifying in southern yemen. planes have stepped up raids in aden and tribal forces have taken control of three military camps in the southeast. polls have closed on the first day of voting sudan's general election. long time leader, al-bashir is expected to hold another five-year term. 554 people are on trial for the biggest mine disaster in turkey's history. more than 23,100 miners, 301 exactly died from carbon monoxide poisoning after an
explosion at the soma coal mine. in germany a rally organized by the anti-islamic pegida movement. >> well, jane, so far several thundershowers people have come for the pegida moment. they are here to hear those who will be on that stage at some point in the next 30 minutes. giving it a sense of the message here. we spoke to some people inside the enclosure there where all the flags are and one person said that that way from this
field there have been several hundreds protesters against pegida who say the opposite of what you will hear mere saying that it is not something that should nobody germany and they don't want this group here. >> what do you think the goal is of today? >> when the pegida movement started last year. they grew and it came a point by christmas and new year that we had 25,000 people, 30,000 people in the streets. those figures have dwindled recently, but this message of a fear of islamfication is something that it points to. there is a feeling that the far right here in eastern germany in particular has arisen. i was covering a story last week of a center for asylum seekers
that was attacked not far from here actually. and massive asylum seeker who came from syria who spoke of the welcome he received here in germany. we have to be careful not to equate the two issues strongly, but there is a sense from the people here, that they are worried about islamfication they're worried about the number of asylum seekers they believe are here in germany. but is actually worth saying that the political parties generally and wider society is in favor of those things. >> so we'll definitely be keep angle eye on those developments throughout the day. thank you. nigeria's election commission has declared the winner of the river state governmenten. the party of president goodluck jonathan who lost recent presidential elections. he stand down next month.
>> winning winning river state it has a lot of influence in the niger delta. it is the oil-produceing hub of the entire nigeria economy. whoever wins the governorship in river state will be sitting on top of millions of dollars of revenue every month along with political influence in that region. the opposition is making head ways sweeping almost all declared in the northeast rather in the north of the country except for a few places like gombe. and while the two parties are fighting neck and neck, the
basically dpd has lost some ground and it is emerging as the major political party at the moment. >> the the foreign ministers of ukraine, russia and france and germany are due to meet in bare lynn on monday to discuss the cease-fire agreement. 15 people have died after wildfires have raged through the russian region. it has cost $6 million worth of damage. dozens of people have been taken to hospital in the past few days. it's been fed by dry and windy
weather. oil has been the powerhouse of ecuador's economy for years but now is global and domestic prices fall the economic bonanza the country has seen in the last few years might be coming to an end. >> the oil bumps along ecuador's pacific coast continues to workday and night reaching deep into the earth to extract what has been called liquid gold and recently a valuable tool economic and political policies. >> there has been too much public ex-pen expenditure.
borrowing from china to get more income instead of oil. >> intensive public spending has been at the heart of the popularity. infrastructure projects like highways and airports have kept thousands of jobs and have pumped cash into the system. but things are changing and not only because of the oil market. the price of oil is actually not the main concern. ecuador's economy is pegged to the u.s. dollar as the dollar strengthen globally it makes ecuador's experts more expensive expensive. when it's president took office a year ago he declared a moratorium against the debt. coupled with low oil prices those decisions are coming back to haunt him. >> low prices mean change, and the government has to find new sources of financing even though
this traditional source is closed due to its own policies. >> ecuador is borrowing heavily from china and implements higher tariffs on hundreds of consumer products. they have announced that public employees would take a 10% pay cut but piano on the street wonder if they'll have to face cost-cutting measures themselves. >> 46 humanitarian groups have issued a report saying that reconstruction of gaza has barely gun since the war ended eight months ago. the report said that a quarter of the funding has been released and urges the additional community to immediately end the blockade there. we have more from west jerusalem jerusalem. >> reporter: it's been six months since the international community pledged $3.5 billion to reconstruct the gaza strip. and this home is one of 19,000 destroyed homes in the war that
have yet to be rebuilt. 's living in a makeshift shelter near his destroyed home which israel heavily bombarded last summer. without the basic necessities staying warm is hard work. he searched for wood in the piles of republic around him to make a fire. >> i blame all sides. i cannot blame one party. all parties have to agree to how to carry out reconstruction. if they don't agree we'll be the victims. >> a report saying that a quarter of the money pledged for reconstructing gaza has so far been realized. 100,000 people are still homeless here after israel's third and most destructive war on gaza in six years. some people in gaza blame their own leadership for their days pair. >> both had a mass andhamas and
fattah are using us. we invite israel to finish us off or explode in our government's face. we don't know what to choose. they have asked the delivery of promises and describes the crisis in gaza as a manmade one. while some donors have refrained from releasing funds due to political rifts in the west bank and hamas and gaza. they say doing so both donors and israel are entrenching the political split. the report found that most donors are accepting ways to work around it. >> what we really need is a change to how the international community addresses the blockade, which is making sure
that there are consequences and accountability for its staying in place. >> the aid groups that put the report together say unless world leaders implement a new approach that addresses the root causes of the worsening humanitarian situation in gaza. another war may be inevitable. the report suggests the international community should use the u.n. arms trade treaty to pressure israel to lift the blockade on gaza. it obliges dig tears to countries that will use them in attacks on civilians. the question is whether the international community will respond to this recommendation. nisreen el-shamayleh in west jerusalem. >> robin will be here for sports.
>> hasn't written manuscript by mathematician alan turing, known as the father of the modern computer. the manuscript was written dug his work on the enigma code during world war ii. >> who are you? >> alan turing. one of the best mathematicians in the world. >> the oscar nominateed hit movie that brought the work of alan turing to a wider audience. >> what is it that we're doing? >> we're breaking the nazi code and win the war. >> oh. >> after turing's achievement
the worryings of his mind is now going on auction. a humble note book, a piece of math mathematic history. >> this is the first time we've been able to see his notes and how he went about figuring things out. again, because there are no other known manuscripts by him this makes it a truly unique peace. >> in his notes kept private until now turing grapples with mathematical fume reallies describing one as hateful in a fit of frustration. he also admits difficulty in understanding a famous calculation. although written while he was working at britain's secret site at blechley park during world war, the notebook is not about his work on the nazi code but
rather laying the foundation of the computers as we know it. >> he would work saving the day and in his down time he was working on pure mathematics. >> welcome to enigma, the greatest encryption device in history. >> on auction one of the teams that turing and his team worked so hard to crack, an enigma machine in full working order. it's determined that alan turing's work shortened the war by two years. and in today's technology driven world his the impact of his work can be seen all around us. turing's handwritten notebook reminds us that even our high tech devices had humble beginnings. >> bangladesh's booming garment industry has taken the hit
because of blockades. we have reports in central bangladesh. >> reporter: here as the factory thousands of garment workers hurry to fill an order. it's what it has to do to survive. but these days once an order is finished the clothes could sit around in storage. that's because of violence like this. bangladesh opposition wants elections and they have called for a transportation blockade to press their point. that has led to violence that has killed 100 people this year. buses and trucks have been burned. the government blames the opposition who deny their involvement. many of those dead are drivers of these buses and trucks.
>> i have insurance on the truck, but so what. the insurance can buy a new car but it can't bring me back to my wife. it don't stop my children from becoming orphans. >> where drivers are afraid to work the garment industry has suffered. >> if the shipment is late what is the bayer supposed to do? the clothes industry is a seasonal business if may order does not reach the market on time then they're no longer of value. >> many brand name companies are getting fed up as bangladesh enters a third year of violent political instability. >> trying to not take more risk so they are putting some order in different countries so that they don't want to put all their eggs in one basket. >> plenty of businesses have been affected by the blockade but none are as significant as the garment industry. it accounts for 80% of
bangladesh's exports with all of these boxes sitting here waiting to be shipped out. that's valuable foreign exchange that's not coming in to the country. >> this is especially bad news for the millions of people who see the industry as a path out of poverty. while the world is finally paying attention to their often dangerous working continues. they're now having to contend with the new threat to their livelihoods. al jazeera bangladesh. >> and we'll move on to sport now with robin. >> thank you very much. the 202024 olympic games was voted in favor of the move. françois hollande and the the national olympic committee in supporting the bid paris hosted the olympics back in 1924. >> we're here to accompany the campaign to win the 2024 games.
and what was expressed in the council this morning was very powerful. allall have come to this consensus. all agreed that this campaign must come first and we've got to make the job for the bidding team easier. >> there are plenty of other cities who have claimed intent. german hasy has selected hamburg and a referendum also to take place in boston. that's been put forward by the united states olympic committee ahead of los angeles, san francisco and washington. doha also said to be considering a bid.
snc says that dozens of professional cyclists broke the law after a near miss in the event. part of the problem were breached barriers in the one-day race through the north of france. many chose to take the risk with the train approaching. they filed a lawsuit and said that it sent an irresponsible message to millions worldwide. i'm glad that wasn't a dream, those are the words of jordan spieth, who is expressing words of the achievement. >> a year ago he was runner up to bubba watson on his debut. now jordan spieth is the master's champion. >> congratulations. we're very proud of you. >> going into the final round
spieth had the lead over justin rose. the englishman birdied the first couple of holes to raise hopes in a battle between the pair. but after losing out on the master's by three shots last year there would be no denying that he would go on to win by four shots with an 18 under par score of 270. >> this was arguebly the greatest day of my life. and to join the club that is the green jackets and to join master's history and put my name on that trophy and to have this jacket forever is something that i can't fathom right now. >> phil mickelson threatened briefly, but he needed more shots like this champion to eagle on 15. he went on to par. >> i needed to shoot something in the mid to low 60s to have a chance, and just didn't do it.
i didn't play the exceptional round that i needed. >> world number one rory mcilroy produced one of the rounds of the day. his 66 giving him a fourth place finish for the northern irishman where he will be disappointed that he didn't complete 23-year-old matsuyama also would cement fifth place. it's the japanese player's third top place as a finisher. tiger woods injured his wrist on the ninth. tiger still hold the record for being the youngest winner at augusta. he now has to share his record of the score seen at the masters with golf's newest superstar. if he continues to play as did he this weekend jordan spieth may continue to rewrite the record books.
>> well, jordan spieth becomes one of the youngest on record to win the masters. he joins an illustrious group. tiger wood was 20 years and 104 days old. the texan now 21 years and 259 days old. third place comes seve ballesteros who was 23 years and 4 days at that stage. and then jack nicholas was 23 years and 76 days when he first won the masters and would go on to claim five more. an unforgettable return to cricket. he was dismissed in the fifth
day of the bowl. that's one of three early wickets england lost in their opening sequence. there has been rain in the meanwhile, and rain has stopped play. the visitors have resumed on 43- 43-3. india's first top-ranked tennis player said that she hopes that her success will encourage other women to take up the sport in her country. mirza has attracted attention from narendra modi. >> women do press forward and that has become a career option, but the majority still believe that there are certain dos and don'ts for a woman and what
she should and shouldn't do. i feel this is a way of saying you got to let the girl do what she wants to do, and i hope we have more women coming up. >> continue to go improve relations on the sporting front. both officials have will see thousands of university students from around around the world compete in 21 sports and 75 north korean athletes will be allowed to compete. >> competitors from 19 countries are said to run in the north pole marathon. they have snipers to keep dangerous animals at bay.
this year all but three runners have finished the minus 30 dress celsius race. >> it was very very tough. far away from real running. it was more going through the deep snow but an amazing experience. >> that's your sport. thank you for watching. >> thank you for that. u.s. senator marco rubio has announced he's running for the republican nomination for president. the senator from florida is the latest to join the presidential race. his announcement comes a day after hillary clinton has announced her campaign. rubio is hoping to make history by becoming the nation's first hispanic president. journalist novelist and nobel lawyer laureate winner
gunter grass has died. many described the many as the german conscience. his 1959 novel "the tin drum" about a boy growing newspaper grass' hometown propelled him to international fame. in 1999 his work was with regarded withrewarded with the nobel prize. he was an outspoken and divisive figure. he campaign fodder disarmament and was against german reunification. in 2012 he wrote the poem "what must be said." criticizing israel for its we ledge rant stand against iran.
>> he is one of the great german authors if not european authors of the 21st century. the work, what is most important, will stand true. >> but his role as the moral conscience of modern germany was critically damaged in 2006. in his auto biography peeling the onion he revealled his membership of the ss in the last months of the war, something he never admitted before. it brought condemnation for the write who are had urged his countrymen to confront their past while spending so many years hiding his own. it tarnished the legacy of his remarkable literary and artistic career. >> and lauren taylor will be taken over in london. thanks for watching.