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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 14, 2015 9:00pm-10:01pm EDT

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>> firming up support. >> i've made it clear from the outset that i.s.i.l. was an enemy, and we'll make sure that they do not threaten the united states the iraqi prime minister comes to washington and the white house throws support behind him in the fight against i.s.i.s. a rising tide of refugees. >> we are seeing an increase of the people who arrive who make the crossing unsafely to europe the search for a better life forcing record unanimousnumbers of
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migrants to make the dangerous journey to europe. >> they came in and tied our hands behind our bookack looking back on the hostage crisis with iran. we speak to one of them and recep tayyip erdogan goes after pope francis for his comments about the genocide of armenians 100 years ago. good evening. we begin with the war in iran. today the white house pledged to support the iraqi government in a battle with i.s.i.l. >> president obama met with abd-rabbu mansour hadi in the oval office are saying the u.s. would provide $200 million in humanitarian aid for the country, falling short of what
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the country hoped for - asking for weapons and fighter jets. the president says the funding will help those displaced in the battle against i.s.i.l. >> for a partner like iraq, it is very important for us to coordinate our activities so the impression is not that the united states can move back into iraq but rather the united states is doing what is ultimately best for the iraqi people, even as we join in fighting a common enemy. after the meeting president obama avoided questions about future military aid adding we are discussing. patty culhane has the latest. >> reporter: as iraq prime minister abd-rabbu mansour hadi arrived in washington his staff in baghdad made it clear to reporters he was coming here for reinforcements in the fight against the islamic state of iraq and levant. on his list surveillance drones
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attack helicopters and fighter jets, saying they needed them to take back mosul and anbar. when asked, this is how president obama responded. >> i think this is why we are having this meeting, to make sure that we are continually improving our coordination making sure that iraqi security forces are in a position to succeed his press secretary went further. >> there were no specific requests made by the iraqi prime minister. >> reporter: the u.s. is pledging humanitarian aid 205 million more than last year. >> president obama was specific on one point. saying all foreign assistance has to go to the government of the iraq saying it sends a message that sovereignty is arrested and when it comes to accountability they would be responsible for war crimes. human rights groups complains the u.s. and iraqi officials are not doing enough on that front. >> the u.s. has put in place the
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resources to know what is happening with the weapons who they are going to we know who they are supposed to go to. we don't know if that's whoened up using them. >> the most leverage with the iraqi government is the control of air strikes. supplying drones and fighter jets lessens that power. after this meeting, it's not cheer that the u.s. is ready to give that up joining us now is jamie mcintyre in washington d.c. we heard the president say the u.s. wants to make sure iraq is in a position to succeed, how is that played out on the ground in iran? >> well the u.s. and its coalition partners are doing what it does best providing the precision air strikes. the focus is an baiji, a city up the road from tikrit and on the way to mosul, one of the gapes. the pentagon describes these are shaping operations designed to weaken the i.s.i.l. defense, and of the air strikes conducted
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yesterday in iraq, across iraq half of them were focussed on i.s.i.l. fighting positions and equipment in beiji. it's not just beiji that the u.s. is softening up the defense, basing the operations. they are focussed on ramadi and anbar province those are two places where the united states is hoping that iraqi ground forces wants the u.s. air strikes - once they have done their jobs they will allow the ground forces to move in. it's a slow process, but the u.s. says it's pushing i.s.i.l. back. >> the iraqi prime minister made it clear he wants more arms and aircraft. how soon mite the u.s. deliver that weaponry. >> iraq is slated to get some u.s. f-16 fighter jets, but need the pilots to fly them. the pilots are undergoing training at luke air force base
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out in arizona. and it probably will be several months before the pilots graduate and are ready to take part in the operations. the fact is that this indicates in this - you know the campaign against i.s.i.l. in iraq and syria is not something that will be wrapped up this year. as pentagon officials say it will go on for several years, particularly in syria where the u.s.-led coalition has not been able to make much progress at all. >> jamie mcintyre in washington d.c. >> doug oliphant is a senior fellow at the new american foundation and a former director for iraq at the national security council, and joins us from washington. doug good to see you. let's start with the visit. did he fail in his mission by getting this nominal aid from the united states? >> i think certainly this is less than what he came here for. he is here to get something substantial that shows to the
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iraqi people that the united states remains the ally of choice for the iraqi people. in that sense, if this is all he gets he will have fail. >> the question is how much more can the u.s. help. we have 3,000 troops advising on how to fight i.s.i.l., and spent 2 billion on the effort. >> it's easy to see both sides of this. the united states, as you said it's like what more do you want from us had we not given enough, we spent thousands of bodies what more do you want from us much the iraqis say we are the ones fighting i.s.i.l. and you say it's a threat. we are the ones doing the fighting. it's really easy to see how there are two different
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narratives here. >> iraq is struggling a deficit of $20 billion and a get of $100 billion. if it's going along to baiji and i.s.i.l. can they do it without u.s. aid. >> that was part of prime minister haider al-abadi's objective to get the aid with deferred payment plan. his argument is you can see where we are. we had a responsible budget and all of a sudden the bottom falls out of oil, we no longer have the prices. oil will not stay at $50 forever, we are good for it at long term. that's the argument. it's unclear where it will go from here. >> what about the role of iran. the president warned iranians that fighters have to report the sovereignty and obey baghdad. you have been in iraq. is iran running the war in iraq
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when it comes to combat troops? >> it's too strong to say they are running it. iran has made a lot of hay with the situation in iraq, it was incumbent on the united states to contest iran for the influence. the iranians have influence. the united states needs to fight the iranians not in a literal sense, we don't need to blow up the iranians but contest the iranians. >> i am sure you see reports on how shia militias have taken reprisals. some put up pictures of the supreme leader. how big of an issue is that in taking control from nil, but stay in control of those regions.
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>> the messaging in this is bad. when we talk about the tactical things. we talk about what happens with tikrit. human rights watch says that all that happened with homes that are blown up and people disappeared. in the big scheme of things while we deplore the abuses and they perpetrated them in the big scheme of things it's not a huge deal. we need to be encouraged at the level of supervision that the iraqi government and others are putting over the iranian militias. in the main. this has gone better than we might have hoped. doug oliphant from the new america foundation, good to have you with us. >> while haider al-abadi was lobbying for support, a car bomb
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exploded outside it hospital back in his home. another four died when 200 car bombs exploded across the city. the attacks came after 15 people were killed in a series of suicide bombings in and around the capital. a number of british citizens arrested for trying to fight with i.s.i.l. have been deported. they were arrested trying to sneak into syria. the group is being transferred before being sent back to the u.k. >> houthi rebels in yemen condemned a u.n. imposed arms embargo. the security council passed a resolution calling for the rebels to withdraw from areas they seized. 14 of the 15 members of the security council voted for the measure, russia obtained. houthis, working closely about ali abdullah saleh intensified the military campaign bombed aden and extended their offensive to yemen's south.
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these actions caused wide-proceed violence and instability threatening the security of the yemeni people and the region's security. >> the resolution did not call for a ceasefire but allowed for humanitarian cause. >> a top cleric has been killed in yemen, according to a website. he has been on the u.n. and saudi most wanted list. the drone programme continues in yemen despite the withdrawal of u.s. military advisors coming during the worsening war. >> president obama is moving to clear a roadblock, telling congress that he plans to remove cuba from the list of state sponsored lists of terrorism. cuba was placed on the list in 1982 for what the white house called effort to combat armed
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resolution by groups using terrorism what is behind the spike of people risking it all for the chance for a better life hundreds of schoolgirls march through the streets of nigeria, demanding action a year after boko haram abducted more than 200 schoolgirls.
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more than 8,000 migrants have been plucked from the mediterranean sea near the italian southern coast. >> italy bears the heavy burden of refugees. we have a report about a crackdown by the european union union - why it may have led to people risking their lives. >> reporter: fine weather and seas. the ittial an coast guard nose the signs well. a record number have been
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rescued off the coast. they travelled on 22 ramshackle boats. one capsizing as soon as it left the coast. 144 have been saved. many drowned or are missing. in 2014, an unprecedented influx of refugees left for europe. never before have so many risked their lives in the dangerous crossing into europe. the worst may be yet to come. at least 480 migrants died in the mediterranean since january. 10,000 have them lost in lives in the same period. at the end of the last year the e.u. replaced a search and rescue operation. triton a boarder operation was criticized by border operations. >> a withdrawal is nothing short of catastrophic. it's pushed and the decision was
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tape to take it down. >> since november 2014 taken down we are seeing an increase of the people who arrive and make the crossing to europe. >> we simply see less resources in place to deal with it. it results ultimately in a higher number of deaths. >> reporter: on monday trition was criticized and accused europe of not spending enough money. detention centers are at full capacity the interior ministry said it need to find space for more than 6,000 migrants. with summer approaching tens of thousands are expected to make their way to italy well there are seven routes the migrants use to make their way to europe. 117,000 migrant cross the sea headed to italy. most from syria, eritrea and
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sub-saharan africa. the second-most travelled are the eastern mediterranean and eastern border. most of the 52,000 came from syria and afghanistan. the west african routes had more than 8,000 migrants getting into spain. most of the them were from cameroon nigeria and somali. more than 43,000 travelled into eastern europe. most from kosovo for those travelling on foot. the government of france allows migrants to camp out in a slump on the travel to england. it's in calais at the narrowest point of the english channel. >> reporter: from before dawn they are out looking hoping to find a lorry to sneak on to bound for britain. first light brings the first attempt of the day.
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some get through, most fail but they'll be back tomorrow. it's not much it's home at least for now. >> reporter: escanter will not show his face, but shows us the tent in a slum on the edge of calais. the dream - smuggle himself to the u.k. he tried five times this week. to achieve it he has to contend with the night mare of this camp. there's no option. >> in my life it's the first time i faced this problem, like africa and being in the jungle. it's not a normal human being. everything here is going our way. we don't have enough water to wash our bodies. i have washed my body. >> reporter: this was the jungle
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as the migrants that used to camp here called it. it is deserted called out by the authorities, directing all inhabitants to this patch of land bringing them together in one place, though not under one roof. only the luckier ones have those. welcome to the new jungle. same people, same goal same problems. this camp is flanked by a busy motor way, sitting underneath a chemical plant. for those that live here - if you describe it as that - there are no basic amenities - no toilets or running water. the nearest tap these people have access to is about a kilometre away. what they have is the knowledge that they'll be left relatively alone by the authorities. they've been told to come here specifically to stay. this is to all intents and purposes a state-sanctioned clum. >> down the road -- slum. down the road a day center provide food.
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they seek help. it was war at home that brought many to this place. makeshift mosques and delivers of bread bring a sense of community to a group of people with the same aim - to cross the channel. >> we have a new stream of refugees 20-30 new people every day. sometimes 20 go to england every day, times less, times more. this winter there were a few that managed to make it into the u.k. >> for each ferry that leaves calais laden with cargo, it's impossible to say how many are on board. many disagree. the short crossing represents a life a dream realised a nightmare left behind. they have nothing to loose drying instability since the arab
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spring fuelled the flood of migrants into europe. according to the united nations high commissioner for refugees, in 2010, a little more than 4,000 migrants tried to cross the mediterranean into italy. ate drowned or were lost at sea. as the protest spread it dropped to 158,000. landing in italy. 1500 drowned or were missing. in 2012 the wave was up to 13,000 nearly 500 reported dead or missing. the numbers soared in 2013 were nearly 43,000 crossed the mediterranean into italy. the international organization for migration said 2400 died making the trip that year. the numbers spiked to 170,000 making it last year making it the deadliest ever for the crossing, with 5,000 perishing on the way to europe for more let's bring in the president of refugees
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international joining us from washington d.c. thank you for joining us here on al jazeera. as we have been hearing more and more are risking their lives to reach europe. considering the instability in the middle east is likely to continue for a while, is there anything that could be done to stop and it's swayed many of the migrants making the journey by sea? >> well yes, i think there are two approaches that need to be strengthened. the first is to give more sustained assistance to the countries bordering syria - turkey lebanon, jordan iraq and egypt. who accepted a large number of refugees. despite the aid received, the funding has been below of the requirements. these countries are facing pressure on the services and that does not encourage them to give work permits to the refugees finding life more and
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more diff as savings are drying up. more assistance in the countries bordering syria, it's a must. something that europe has to look at more seriously. >> when we look at where the refugees are coming from, it wasn't syria and iraq. a lot came from sub-saharan africa. in light of that, do you think it was seen as the european problem. or is it seen as a problem with italy and malta and spain and not addressed in a confident way. >> first, i would say the number of syrians is increasing in the flow of people crossing the mediterranean. now it is strong. a strong refugee component to mixed migration. we are talking about people. violence who need to be
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protected. it cannot be the problem of the countries in southern europe. they are on the front line. they are on the shore. they received the boats. italy has behaved well. italy did remarkably well. if they don't get more support from the rest of europe. they'll tire of doing that. apart from helping countries. they need to discuss how to share the responsibility and how to share is in a just and even manner. >> what kipped of live to refugees find in europe once they arrive. >> we have heard - all the
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reactions are to erect walls, to ask tunisia and egypt to keep them on their side of the mediterranean. it's not a welcome approach and there are exceptions. germany and sweden has offered a fair protection. the rest of europe is arguing it's not their business. we are talking about a dramentic humanitarian crisis. this is not a small incident. half the population has been displaced by force. 4 million left. we are seeing no end to the conflict. this is a time to share responsibility for refugees and share the financial burden. >> you hinted at this in your latest answer. you were the u.n. representative you worked in africa asia the pacific and all over the world.
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how bad is the current situation around the mediterranean is rite new? >> well, i think for the number of people it is absolutely dramatic. last year by the month of april. 50 people more or less drowned. we had more than 800. it is increasing dramatically. first the numbers leaving the region of rising, and the traffickers are unscrupulous making money out of it. we were in egypt and talked to those that had moved out. the cost as above that they could afford. at one point we decided they move to europe.
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they are not welcome in europe. the drip is dangerous. losing the family members, and they told us we have nothing more to lose. i think that sentence to me describes the despair that is prevailing among the population. >> it's a terrible situation for millions of people. >> thank you. president obama and congress have come to terms on a nuclear deal with iran. the compromise gives congress a say on the agreement. it's one the president agreed to sign. >> an american that spent 444 days as a hostage in iran talks about restitution and his views on the changing relation between washington and tehran.
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welcome back to al jazeera
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america. i'm antonio mora. coming up looking in boko haram's rein of terror in the year since the group abducted 276 schoolgirls. >> mexican police trying to battle drug cartels even though they are not using police or bullets. >> congress may have dissolved a road block with iran. a compromised bill to give congress a say on agreement was approved. libby casey joins us. what does the compromise bill do? >> the white house is already under the pressure of a june 30th deadline to finalise a deal obvious the nuclear weapons. the bill says the white house would have to turn over all the details to congress by july 9th including classified information. if the white house blows the deadline congress gives the white house more time to look
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over the bill. this bill gives congress 30 days to review it. and 12 more if congress moved forward and passed legislation disapproving. it removes language in the earlier version that democrats didn't like it would have required president obama to certify periodically that iran has not engaged in terrorism. democrats said it was a distrabz from the content of -- distraction from the content of a nuclear deal. ultimately disagree of a deal it would take 60 votes, not the higher threshold of 67 that negotiations of a treaty would take. that's something republicans wanted. a little bit of something for everything in this bill. >> what has been the white house response and where does the bill go from here? >> white house spokesman josh ernst says the white house is not trilled with the legislation. the white house didn't want any legislation at all. but because some compromises were worked out, ernst says a
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threatened veto looks to be off the table for now. >> i described a number of times as a compromise i don't want people to gloss over it. there continues to be - if the president were writing this piece of legislation it would look different. >> now here is the key. the white house didn't want anything at all, but it was a bipartisan effort by republicans and democrats from the senate foreign relations committee able to craft this. democrats are assured by experts that the bill will not interference with white house negotiations. >> libby casey in washington. thank you. >> while senators debated iran georgeon law-maker tried to insert a special amendment, proposing using money collected from sanctions to compensate citizens taken hostage when students seized the embassy.
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isaac son withdraw it from the bill but is pushing for the policy. >> we owe the americans everything. they were captured tortured and beaten. they are the only american civilians caught in captivity never getting compensation back, and i want to do it that that happens. the hostage crisis was a watershed moment for the u.s. and the entire region the john terrett has a look back at how it all began. >> shooting screaming. the compound of the men embassy in -- american embassy in tehran. >> they came in front of the chancellery. we saw them through the window they had a banner saying we don't want to harm anyone. a pivotal event in u.s.-iran relations is underway. the hostage crisis and the ramifications felt today. student supporters of ayatollah
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khamenei held 52 american documents hostage for 444 days. it came the marines opened the door and came in, blindfolded us tied our hands behind our back and they took us. in the white house president jimmie carter called the hostages victims of terrorists and anarchy. in tehran there was joy to the blow to u.s. pride a chance to get back to washington for meddling in affairs, and giving shelter to the previous ruler, the shah of iran. the crisis came to a head. when president carter launched a rescue nation. only to watch it fail killing eight servicemen. >> to the families of those that decided and were wounded, i want to express the admiration i feel for the courage of their loved ones.
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>> when the shah died and iraq invaded its neighbour at the start of the bloody iran-iraq war, progress was made in ending the crisis with algeria as media maker. the hostages were released on january 20th, 1981 hours after president carter left office. >> i ronald reagan... >> so been 25 years of stalemate between washington and iran and only recently fading at the president obama attempts with a deal to curtail iran's nuclear ambitions. don cook was a u.s. hostage in iran. he and others are looking for repatriations from the iranian government and joins us live from washington. thank you for joining us on al jazeera. your move for compensation has been an uphighly struggle. it was because you didn't have the backing of the state
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department. who said your claim would go against the agreement to free you and the other hostages. do you think there has been a change in the way politicians see your case or is there an unwillingness to strain relations with iran over your case? >> i think there has been a real recognition that in the past the other victims of state sponsored terrorism has seen compensation. in many respects the perpetrators of the state sponsors have taken responsibility for what they did. i think that we see a different attitude now, especially now that we are going to be entering into an agreement with iran over the nuclear issue, and potentially looking at other ways to expand the relation with iran. we mentioned expanding relations with iran. this is a nuclear deal. do you think the obama
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administration would consider other topics on to the discussion table at this point or from your side would it not be better to wait while relations are better with iran? >> i think that the administration certainly does want to get a nuclear deal, but i think that the administration views this as a way to start a broader dialogue with iran and i respect the administration's opinion that the nuclear deal should be handled as a separate issue. i would say if we are going to reach an agreement that we both can trust, that it's going to require a little bit more confidence and broader relationship between the two countries. part of that broader relationship is going to have to be the iranians taking responsibility in one way or another for what happened to us 35 years ago. >> i guess it must be frustrating for you, after all you have been through back in
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the late '70s, and '80s, to fight hard and long to get examination. are you optimistic that you see it in your lifetime? >> i think there's broad agreement in congress and in the administration that this is an issue that needs to be resolved. so it's been 35 years, but also you have to recognise that we have been - broken relations, and not had diplomatic relations with iran for 35 years. we have been waiting for a broader approach between the two countries at the same time that our group has been waiting for compensation. i think there is a recognition that part of that has to be some kind of resolution of the issue of compensating the hostages for really the terrible ordeal that we went through. >> you have served in the u.s.
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foreign service for three decades, and you have experience in the middle east, what do you make of this nuclear deal do you think the u.s. is rite to net with iran the way it's doing? >> we have had any number of regimes where i have actually this personal dealings, where we looked at nuclear programs, and they ended. i was an officer for argentina when the orange tine government dismantled their programme and saw south africa. we saw libya when it decided to become a member in good standing of the world of nations. they not only give up the nuclear programme, but paid pension to the families of the victims of the lockerbie bombing. a lot say iran will not change and we can't expect them to do
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this or that. there are any number of press departments where countries changed their attitudes, even in regards to nuclear issues. john cook joining us from washington d.c. thank you aiding and abetting criminal organization. >> why a lack of resources and equipment is handcuffing the department and president recep tayyip erdogan warns pope francis about his choice of words.
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it's been a year since 276 schoolgirls were kidnapped. it was remembered with event. in paris protesters gathered near the eiffel tower to demand the return of the girls, some saying we should all feel ashamed by the kidnapping of the girls. and we want to show a picture of the empire state building in red and purple the colous of the
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missing girls. >> reporter: peter's sister is one of 219 girls missing a year after being taken by boko haram from her school in chibok. the mass abduction caused global protest against a failure of the outgoing government of president goodluck jonathan, to find the girls and deal with the group. >> i feel so sad, so depressed. i'm sorry for them, and the think the government failed them. and that i failed them. i see so many things. we have not done enough. >> hundreds of schoolgirls marched through abuja marking the anniversary. >> the girls brought the march to the ministry of education to demand fresh action to find the missing girls. each of them is holding a placard with the names of missing girls, a number and a hashtag never to be forgotten. some are as young as 7 and
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8 years old. >> the minister of education was not available to meet them. it's been nine months since the previous government said it knew where the girls were. they were last seen in the boko haram video. >> the country will not give up until we find the citizens no one will be resting. >> reporter: it's hoped with the new government of muhammadu buhari coming in on may 29th the girls may be found. >> i feel it will make a bit of difference. not expecting much. >> the new government is not making promises. >> the chibok girls represent a small number of girls abducted. a new report from amnesty international says our job is to shoot, kill and rein in the terror of boko haram. it estimates 2,000 have been abducted and forced into sexual
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slavery. they interviewed nearly 400 witnesses, including 28 million women and girls that could escape. 300 attacks carried out by the rebel group since the start of 2014. at least 5900 civilians have been killed in the attacks offer the past year daniel hir is a nigan reacher and the author of a report on boko haram. thank you for taking the time to join us. i understand that it's important to call attention to the anniversary of the terrible abduction of the girls, and how little has been done. this goes behind that, documenting a level of horror that is difficult to comprehend. >> that's right, the reports tries to encompass all the atrocities since 2014. we found boko haram killed 5,500
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civilians, and that's through a series of bomb attacks, raids on towns and villages and when they took over some of the larger towns in north-east nigeria. we gathered test knowny of what life was like under boko haram's chrome -- control we heard from women talking about rape they've experienced, forced into marriage with boko haram members, and people forced to participate in stonings. in one case, a boy 15, was forced to stone 10 people to death as part of a group. and for allegedly being adulturers. so you are right, our report tries to cover all the evidence we've been able to gather about boko haram's atrocities. >> let's talk about a few of those things. first, the girls. how much do we know about what has happened to them?
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>> we still don't have concrete evidence on where they are at the moment. from what we have heard, there has been a couple of people that claim to have seen them in north-east nigeria. that town was recaptured by the nigerian military and there's no site of them. however, what we have been able to gather is what has happened to other women and girls in the north-east that have been abducted by boko haram. we estimate more than 2,000 have been abducted by the group, and they told us of rape and of being forced into marriage with boko haram members, and some of them explained that boko haram trained them how to use guns and explosives and sent on operations. we spoke to a girl auld asia 19, and she was -- girl called ashia and was forced to return to her home town and participate in an attack.
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>> aysha story is heart-breaking, she saw family members killed. you say in the report that recent military successes may spell the end for boko haram, but you estimate it killed 5500 in the past year it has 15,000 soldiers and carried out at least 300 attacks. it's carrying out an attack every couple of days and killing 10 a day. >> that's right. the count offensive has been in the last couple of months. despite that fact, boko haram escape the into the bush. they are in the rural and remote areas, and are still carrying out attacks on civilians. last week i spoke to a man from a town called bura tie. on the eve of elections his town was attacked and boko haram
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rounded up and executed 27 pen from the town. >> how about the international community. the u.s. was supposed to have got involved. how badly has the international community failed. we are seeing international support. but the evidence that we gathered shows that that hasn't translated to greater protection for civilians yet. what we need to see, and it's ready for the nigan government to decide what the best way of doing this we need to see more done to protect civilians. >> daniel eyre from amnesty international police officers in mexico are often accused of corruption they were implicated in the kidnapping and murder of 4 # students. we have a report -- 43 tonight. we have a report that police officer are facing alleged challenges and taking bribes is often a life or death decision from criminal gangs. >> reporter: keeping order in
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one of mexico's violent towns is a tough task for any police force. here officers are underpaid under-equipped and have to buy their open bullets, says this -- their own bullets, says this policeman, who didn't feel safe showing his face or leave the patrol car. >> the criminals are beating us. if we had better equipment we'd be able to do our jobs better. >> the public views the police as corrupt and incompetent. officers admitted that that is often the case, but argue they are struggling with government support. >> almost all the police we talked to are too afraid to go on camera, worried about getting in trouble with superiors. they work shifts of 24 hours, barely earning enough to get by. >> this ex-policeman told us he was not given medical insurance or a bulletproof vest while
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working in an area riddled with organised crime. >> one time we arrested car jackers. by 3:00 p.m. they were free and threatening me. the criminals are working with the police chiefs. >> there's a culture of corruption and low paid even by mexican standards. they can push officers into taking bribes. >> with these salaries police don't go to work they go to steal. >> reporter: conditions for federal and some state police improved. local forces continue to be badly paid and under trained. rather than improving their traditions several state governments faced new forces backed by style campaigns. >> it's easier to show a 2,000 strong police force covering the
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whole state. than actually having 10,000 police officers local police officers improve their capabilities. >> reporter: without sufficient training, all government support, local police across mexico struggle to convince a skeptical public they are here to defend them. graduating from college to the school of hard knocks. coming up, why thousands of graduates are finding the doors of opportunity closed on them.
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turkish's president condemned pope francis today for using the word genocide to describe the ottoman's mass killing in 1915. the president said the historical event is being taken out of context warning the pontiff not to make the mistake again. on sunday pope francis became the first head of the roman
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catholic church to refer to the killing of 1.2 million people as genocide. we look at how the world is reacting to event. the express tribunal looks at the parliament objection. a saudi arabia request for help in fighting the houthis. a diplomatic position - it says the arab world needs to understand that pakistan may be a brotherly country, but it determines its own foreign policy through a democratically elected government. saudi arabia has more than enough weapons to fight its wars and pakistan has its own wars to fight. >> the opposite view is taken by their paper, questioning recep tayyip erdogan's slightest twinge of conference. it said that riyadh gave refuge and provided pakistan with billions during some of the darkest hour.
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>> an editorial in the korean headline says - nation yet to move on. the paper says a string of fate accidents occurred across south korea. the editorial says the government may not deserve the blame because rules were meant to make them safer. >> an editorial looks at the controversy. under the headline turkish denial causes the issue to fester. the paper says: over the next month thousands of u.s. students graduate from college, many are worried about finding a job a
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dilemma facing young people worldwide. adrian brown reports from beijing. >> reporter: a job recruitment fair in beijing. many scanning the list are students about to graduate and many are finding after four years of university they don't have the qualifications employers are looking for. >> my major is in communications and fellow classmates have jobs fitting the qualifications. most will have jobs in other industries. for my major, there's not enough jobs in the market. >> liu is looking for a job paying $1200. it's an an unrealistic inspection. >> they don't realise they have low practical skills. they are fresh without much experience. the student you interviewed will get half of what he expects.
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experts say many graduates look skills like critical thinking foreign languages and basic communications that businesses are looking for. >> the government is worried about the impact that a slow economy has on employment. namely the prospect of instability. which is why the premier announced a plan to create 10 million urban jobs before the end of year. a solution is it encourage students to learn a trade. this vocational college has more than 10,000 students trained in a range of cells. >> jobs have a good prospect. that's why my parents want me to come here, thinking i'll have a better opportunity to find a job. >> china's government wants to increase the numbers of students in vocational education by 10 million over five years by
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convincing young people that they have a better chance of securing a job if they do. that's it for it edition of al jazeera america news. >> thanks for watching. i'll see you again in honour. -- again in an hour. on "america tonight" juveniles, justice and the journey to a dead end. >> it didn't mean i was going to die in prison. >> this is an issue about how much we want to undo wrongs that we did in the 1990s. "america tonight"s christopher putzel on mandatory minimums in