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tv   Real Money With Ali Velshi  Al Jazeera  April 15, 2015 1:30am-2:01am EDT

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first known for the song "when a man loves a woman" he was inducted into the hall of fame. his heart-wrenching soul struck a chord with music fans around the world. default and desperation in california, where thousands have gone without water for sinks, tubs, toilets. >> what will we do without water? i still don't know what to do a battle for breathing room in the bronx. how activists are targetting trucks to fight pollution. and an environmental mystery that could wipe out bees and cause a food d disaster.
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i'm ali velshi, a special report on our fragile planet begins right now. it's a fragile planet. the only debate, how severe the consequences will be, changes to the climate resulted in rising sea levels, accelerating ice melts and rising textures. it's not clear that california's 4-year long drought is related to global warming. that's because california has a history of drought going back centuries. what is clear is this time is different. 2014 was the driest i can't remember on record. the state has been keeping track since the 1880s. snow pack in the sierra nevada mountain reign, the source of water, is expected to fall to 8% of capacity this year. the situation is so dire that governor jerry brown ordered a
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25% reduction in water use for all urban areas. but that order doesn't cover the huge agricultural sector using 86% of the water allocated for use. farmers are forced to contend with smaller allocations of orders. that is to let farmers keep land fallow or use water efficiently. it encouraged many to dig wells and tap into the groundwater supply, a straight attempt to keep the water flowing, despite the damage to watertable levels, leaving towns like east porterville high and dry. jennifer london spent months visiting report. >> reporter: for residents in east port erville - this sound is the promise of water. drilling 150 feet into the
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ground, spelling 14,000 for a basic necessity. >> people have to have water. >> 75-year-old gary eaton came well. >> they drill a well. we have children at home, how is that watching the children go to bed dirty and thirsty. >> thousands of people in the small town watched their dirty. homes have been without running water for months. some for more than a year. these home owners are among the fortunate few. they can afford to drill a well. then, there is no guarantee the water will last. and those that can't afford to drill a well have found themselves helpless. >> my god, that day that my well went dry, as we can say, i thought it was the end of me. because what are we going to do
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without water? do. >> do you think you should be having to live like this. >> no, no. i don't think we should life like this. >> blame the drought. blame the private twhals run dry. some blame the state for not stepping in and helping earlier. >> i think it's a natural disaster and should be treated as such. >> al jazeera has been following this story since august, when we reported people's wells had run dry. since then we returned to east porterville four times to meet residents and local authorities, as the crisis worsened people are more desperate and frustrated that long-term solutions have been slow to come. we travel to sacramento to take the concerns to state officials. >> we never experienced a drought that we are experiencing. east porterville
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hard. >> reporter: eric is with the services. >> is it acceptable that here in the united states and california, people are living without running water in their homes, is that acceptable. >> we have a situation where wells ran dry, because there's no longer a water source in the river. what we can do is get water to the individuals. >> is that happening fast enough, do you thing? >> it can happen faster. the non-profits are working to staff up. counties staffing up. it needs to happen faster. i agree with a resident that says can we go faster, yes. we can do it faster and we are working to do that. >> reporter: back in east enough. >> we need the water now. not next year or the next year. we need it now, since yesterday. >> what does the state need to
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know or understand about what life is like for you right now? >> oh, my god. should i just say come over here with me and live it, live it with me. people won't last a day with what we're living right now jennifer london joins me from loss angeles, i want last a day. last time you reported on this i thought something would do something immediately. it hasn't pn't happened. >> no, it hasn't, and when you hear the suffering saying you wouldn't last a day, she's lasted months and months, and that is the same story for all the people of east porterville. one of the questions i asked is where has the federal government been, have they offered relief. and last year you may recall that president obama pledged $180 million to drought stricken
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california, with money going to farmers, conservation effort and food banks. none of that money has gone to east porterville. >> 2015 in mebbing and you report on -- america, and you report on stories like this, and the fascinating part you continue to report on them. angeles. >> in 2 minutes, the facts goodnight the big business of doubt. who is behind the climate change deniers, and who do they have in common with big tobacco. plus, fresh food and fresh air city. >> we are a community having to balance jobs with our health.
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>> al jazeera america brings you a first hand look at the environmental issues, and new understanding of our changing world. >> it's the very beginning >> this was a storm of the decade >>...hurricane... >> we can save species... >> our special month long focus, fragile planet
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many environmental problems around the world are linked to climate change, and the vast majority of scientists agree that the warming of the earth is a man made problem. many dispute this. let's listen to a climate change sceptic i spoke to. >> benefits outweigh this. we see record crop yields, we see greater soil moisture, a shrinking of deserts, a decline in drought. these are benefits that you can't just ignore. >> that is james taylor, a senior fellow at the heart land institute, a nonprofit think tank. it received funding from the koch brothers, oil baron, it's this relationship that film-maker robert kenner exposes in the documentary the merchants of doubt. the film examines
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how corporates show doubt. tell me what you learnt as you did the film. our film is about the story of a group of talent individuals able to create doubt around tobacco for 50 years, whether it causes cancer, when they knew it caused cancer. they created doubt around asbestos, paint and numbers of other issues. today the big pay day is in climate. people are out there creating doubt and stalling action so that oil and coal companies can make profits. >> and the government doesn't regulate it. let me show the viewers what i'm talking about. >> there's a bit of a mystery, what do these things have in common. all of these issues are issues involving the need for
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government action. that's when the peppy dropped -- penny dropped. i realised none of this is about the science, it's a political debate about the roll of government. in a number of places we found the people saying they see environmentalists as creeping communists, reds under the bed, calling them water beds, green on the outside, red on the inside and worry environmental regulation will be a slippery slope to socialism are the same people involved in the campaign that you compare it to about tobacco and confusing people, despite study after study. you say the tobacco advocates couldn't come out and say tobacco doesn't cause cancer but can come out saying what the climate advisors say "we need for studies", anything to delay action. many of the same people saying we need more studies in climate
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came from the world of gianna tobani, and as one of the people said, if you can do gianna tobani, you can do anything. i spoke to peter, who came from the world of tobacco and said - i asked him to be in the film and said it was not only about tobacco or flame retard ants which he was a big advocate working with. i said it goes into climate, and he said, you know, you could take james hanson, the world's leading climate scientist and i could take a garbage man and i could convince america that the science. >> why, how does this happen? why can you get away with a garbage man saying this is the science versus the scientist. >> yes. i think what happens is what we have is we have the
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media - it's a great attribute of the media, they want to show two sides. whether the earth is round or flat, it don't show two sides. you don't discuss whether the moon is made out of blue cheese. we now have candidates running for president saying we don't know or we have of 17ors of no warming. it's absolutely untrue. he's not called out by the media. luckily governor brown says this was outrageous that he could make a statement. >> taking a stronger stand - what does that look like? >> when you have someone saying we have satellite studies showing there was no warming, there were studies, they've been proven false. even the people who did the
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study said they made mistakes. they didn't account for the drift of the satellite. people say they are 31,000 scientist though don't believe in climate change, they have names like the spice girls or charles darwin, michael j fox, not a well-vented list. in reality, there's a handful of climate scientists who are questioning whether it's real or not. and one of them, soon, it was just revealed was taking a million three from energy reports. and he was calling the scientific report deliver ability. that has to be called out by the press, behaviour. >> they are convincing. did you at any point question the science itself? >> i never questioned the science.
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i was very impressed at how could and talented these merchants of doubt were. they are good at what they do, they are charming, funny and smart. they've been successful in creating doubt and delay for a serious problem. we heard james taylor saying how the deserts are getting smaller. when i asked james taylor what the credentials where, he said he took a few science classes and likes to go out and debate ph.d. s, i don't think that's equivalent to put on a network to debate a ph.d. >> good to talk to you, thank you for beak with us. >> my pleasure. doubt. >> i want to talk about an environmental injustice. others say it amounts to environmental racism. whatever you call it, low income communities of colour are waging
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fights over the air they breathe, saying they are subject to more pollutants than whiter town. one battle takes place in new york. activists protested the business. >> the greatest benefit of buying direct to farmers... >> online grocer fresh direct touts the fresh food delivered to home. as the new york online grocer moves operations some applaud economic benefits. activist michael johnson sees an environmental injustice to the south bronx. >> it is like the next assault or another assault on this neighbourhood. >> johnson led protest and legal battle to stop fresh direct moving to the south bronx.
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the company estimates there would be more than 600 truck trips in and out of the hub. johnson sees that it will worsen bad air quality in a neighbourhood surrounded by highways, industry and exhaust. and scenes like this are not uncommon. this woman is tested for asthma in the bronx. which has the highest hospitalisation rates for asthma in the states. fresh direct prefailed on legal challenges and is building its new headquarters. the state and city is providing the grocer with voices and incidentists not to use new york. at the company's groundbreaking in december, community leaders declare victories since thousands of jobs stay put. >> new york city would have lost 3,000 jobs. country out of those 3,000, over
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bronx. >> what about the jobs? >> we are one of the only communities that are having to balance jobs with our help. we know we can't breath, we can't work. >> fresh direct (cleaned a request for an interview, but said in a statement the transaction would represent a tinery fraction of trucks here, and is developing a clean are fleet of trucks. it has not satisfied critics. doctors are closely monitoring health effects of air pollution in the bronx and disparities in the air that people breathes. >> research shows that if you live near a truck route you have a higher risk of being hospitalized than if you live in an isolated neighbourhood. >> it's not just new york. researchers studied air quality
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from coast to coast. it looked at nitrogen dioxide and found that concentrations are 38% higher for nonwhites than whites. >> it's an environmental issue. the fact that they are breathing more air pollutions. continues an issue. >> it's why the doctor joined activists, and said medicines are not enough to help the patients. it sees businesses like best direct as a tipping point. there's a perception that the communities will not fight back much i think with south bronx, what it shows, and what i experienced is that they are passionately fighting back. that's come as a surprise to fresh direct.
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bron. unite go back to court to fry a legal strategy to block fresh direct. hoping that evidence gives them the right to argue that the company's plans violate a requirement that the use of public land benefits the public. we'll keep you posted on how this plays out. coming up, a crisis that threatens to sting us all. bees are tying. no one knows why. >> researchers there - something else killed them. >> the peninsula, in arabic, is aljazeera. our logo represents courage. fiercely independent quality reporting. >> to take as much aid as possible... >> and standing up for the voiceless. when you see this symbol respected around the world it means you too can now count on all the things we stand for. aljazeera america.
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[ ♪♪ ] it is a mystery that scientists are frantically trying to solv bees are dying at an alarming rate. over the last decade beekeepers in the u.s. and europe reported hive losses at 30% a year. many scientists believe they know why, but how to save the bees. at stake is billions word of crops.
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science it technology story. >> if you look down in there, there. they didn't starve to death. >> research is there. something else killed them. >> reporter: jeff anderson is third generation beekeeper, trying to recover from the death of 30% of his stock. like hundreds of beekeepers, he represents his hives to farmers to pollinate almonds and other crops. he's facing trouble his predecessors couldn't have imagined. with help from fellow beekeepers, he's brings the bees he has left into the hills away from agriculture to de-coxify. the frame is full of honey, it
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should be the sign of a well fed population. these are in phoning all of this. guaranteeing this. it is a sign of bad health. several researchers blame the rise of a category of chemicals known as neonicotinoid. it is used in the seeds. >> when i talk about pesticides i talk about a plane spraying is crop. you are talking about putting if in through the soil. >> yes, they are applied through the soil taken up to the roots of the plant, transport to the plant making it toxic. what i want to show you is transport. >> chemist susan kegly studied
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the effect of pesticides and says there's almost no federal research into their effect on bees. we have not seen an indication that the u.s.d.a. or e.p.a. is interested in pursuing it. it's almost as if they wish it would go away. >> the problem is so severe the white house farmed a task force to create a plan for saving bees and the e.p.a. will not approve new uses. protests in the u.k. and europe led to a 2-year moratorium. u.s. farmers, those growing cash chemicals. >> in an email, singenta, a big manufacturer argued a lack of diversity, naturally occurring pests and other matters could be to blame for the death of bees. one of the biggest problems is
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that restrictions on its use will result in the application of older broad spectrum pesticides which are more harmful to bees. with no idea how to keep the bees i live, the family business by die with him. >> i'd like to be optimistic. but it's a necessary beside. realistically it's tenuous may to make a living. life would not change for this family neither. without bees there is no hope of growing the vast quantities of fruit and nuts. >> jake ward joins us now. this is remarkable. the beekeepers need the farmers. they are using pesticides. the symbionic relationship is complicated complicated.
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the beekeepers loan the services out of the everyone need bees. the problem is there's a handful of big cash crops that don't require bees, soy beans, corn, wheat - they are whenned pollinated, and those crops - they are filled with pesticides. bees in those places are infected, not infected but poisoned is what the beekeepers are claiming. when they are brought back and tried to put to use. they are dying off. that's the problem. >> what is a world in america wowed bees look like? >> the difficulty is in the one case we'd have soya beans, corn wheat. if you like avocados, and avocados that cost also than $10, we'd have to import all the fruit. and we can see what it looks like.
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a certain province in sichuan china has no more bees. they had the same problem. they pesticided the heck out of the place, given up the pollination. the chinese farmers had to hand pollinate the crop, if we do that, replace the work that bees do, it would cost $90 billion. we need the bees. >> that would cause the price up. >> thank you so much for that. coming up tomorrow, jake will be back for the special report on the dimmingal divide. -- digital divide. >> as much change over the last 10-15 years, it will look small years. >> technology levelling the playing field, why is the future threatening to leave many americans behind.
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set your d.v.r. for 10:. 30 eastern. that's the show for today. i'm ali velshi, thank you for joining us. one of our guests says that's what's happening in florida and when he wouldn't remove offending language, he was suspended. we'll also be joined by a guest who is keeping tabs on where politics may trump science across the country. it's the inside story.