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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 15, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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of people... >> techknow only on al jazeera america >> yemen's houthis hit out at the u.n. as the security council imposes an arms embargo on rebel leaders. hello. i'm here with the world news from al jazeera. also coming up hundreds of migrants feared drowned. 7,000 have been rescued in the past four days. moving closer. the u.s. president wants cuba off a terrorism blacklist. and the teachers gaoled in the u.s. for cheating to win bonuses
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and get promoted. but first to yemen where the houthi rebels condemned a decision by the u.n. security council. it's imposing an arms embargo on several houthi leaders and some of the people accused of backing them. now, the resolution calls for the houthis to stop fighting and withdraw from territory they have taken. saudi arabia and egypt say they have discussed holding a major military exercise which could involve other gulf states. so far the military campaign has been based on air strikes but a ground invasion has been discussed. people have continued to flee. refugees have been arriving in djibouti. the u.n. says 600 have been killed, 200 wounded in the fighting. our cronn joins us in jizan, let's tart with the u.n. resolution targetting houthi
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leaders, what has been the reaction to that. >> yes, as mentioned in your intro, they have condemned the resolution by the united nations security council, describing it as a statement of support for aggression and called on mass protests to be organised on thursday and this is something they do on every occasion to show they have millions of yemenis on their side. the houthis describe their move and coup and are taking up territory as a popular revolution. houthis, they are a religious sect and many sources suggest they are supported by iran idea logically and militarily. they are seen by the sunni majority in the couple states as people who are here to serve
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the iranian agenda in yemen, and not support the yemeni nation. this is a strongest u.n. resolution to slam the houthis. the previous ones were mild. and the houthis fill cornered not only militarily but diplomatically. >> iran proposed a ceasefire and peace talks that haven't gone done well. is there a possibility of dialogue. >> everyone is talking about dialogue. iran is proposing a plan for settlement. we heard that the prom is about to introduce that set of proposals. we have seen russia probably on behalf of iran and houthis, and it seems like the iranian
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proposal is much similar to the russian one, because it foengss on peaceful talks and humanitarian help and doesn't include much by way of imposing on the houthis that they should leave sanaa or seize power. saudi arabia has been reiterating its willingness to see the parties coming to riyadh and are holding a peace contest. all the efforts and statements show that war is going on. everyone seems to be in need for settlement sooner rather than later. >> thank you for that. from justicean in saudi arabia. now, the iranian president hassan rouhani said there'll be no deal over iran's nuclear programme unless all sanctions are listed and is trying to agree the detail of a deal with six world powers, allowing inspections of the nuclear facilities in return for an easing of sanctions.
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on television on thursday hassan rouhani said he want constructive interaction with the world. iran will be an issue on the agenda at the g7. they are gathering in lubeck in germany ahead of the summit in june, and will discuss conflict around the world. dominic kane has more from lubeck in germany: top of the agenda will be yemen, referred to by mr steinmeier. he referred to the volatility of the region and that is reference to the islamic state of iraq and levant, a concern for all the nation's representatives at the g7. also on the agenda is the talks about the ukraine crisis and the
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effectively of a solution. mr kerry praised the role of france and germany in recent talks, and it's worth pointing out that on the agenda equally is the situation insofar as ebola is concerned in western africa, something that president obama referred to many time this year and is something important that the g7 thinks should be on the agenda. insofar as security is concerned, police are happy about the situation, the operation. they describe the scenes in the center of lubeck as being calm. they arrested 16 people yesterday, but say this is part of the operation and they are happy with the situation, and there's no sense of broad protest from groups that called for protesters to come to the city center. they are retracted the claims and the police say the situation is calm. >> the charity organization save the children says 400 migrants
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are feared to have drowned after their boat capsized off the libyan coast on sunday. the italian coast guard says it rescued 144 people in an air and see operation. they are among 7,000 migrants rescued at sea. europe is deading with a rising number of migrants entering from the conflict zones. let's speak to william, a specialist on asylum from the united nations united nation commission for refugees. so many migrants continue to make a perilous journey. do you think numbers are growing because of the conflict taking place around the world? >> absolutely. the fact that many people in fact many of them are not economic migrants but refugees fleeing conflict in syria and horn of africa has increased.
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this meant that the number of people taking the dangerous journeys to find safety in europe increased enormously since last year. >> doesn't this show that the e.u.'s policy of scaling back maritime rescue operations to deter the journeys is not working? >> well people will not be deterred. i mean if people are fleeing for their lives they will take enormous risks in order to find safety and this is what we are seeing. in the past there was a large-scale rescue operation launched by the italian authorities. unfortunately that came to an end last year and since then it has been replaced by smaller local operations that are aiming to patrol the sea borders of italy and do not have a search and rescue mandate.
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the result of this sailing down and increasing the numbers of people taking to see had the fateful consequences. >> is it there an answer. the people traffickers are becoming more and more cold-blooded about how they are getting these people into europe. is there an answer. what can europe do to stop this? >> well there are different things that can be done. obviously the smuggling of people and the trafficking of people needs to be combatted. but also our capacity to rescue people at sea needs to be increased, because people are taking to sea despite the dangers. we need to make sure that people are rescued. at the same time we need to open the possibility for refugees to come here legally to europe so they don't need to take the dangerous journeys and we need
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to help the countries that are hosting the vast majority of refugees. lebanon, jordan sudan, ethiopia - the countries hosting hundreds of thousands of refugees. we need to make sure they can continue to keep the refugees safely in there, because otherwise the refugees if they don't find the protection that they need they'll continue their journeys and risk their lives to find that safety in europe. >> interesting points thank you for joining us william spindler live from geneva al-shabab fighters have killed 10 people in an attack on somali government buildings in mogadishu. [ gunfire ] the gunmen set off two bombs before storming the buildings that housed the ministries of education, petroleum and
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minerals. two soldiers and eight civilians were killed along with seven gunmen during the assault the u.n. is urging kenya to rethink the decision to close the dabaab camp. they think it's a recruitment ground for i.s.i.l. fighters. in an attempt to cut off funding. kenya closed accounts to somalis living in dabaab. >> reporter: every morning this person visits a money transfer company. she has seven children and they are looking for $300 that her cousin in the united states sent her. each time she goes she gets the same response - it's been closed by the government. >> translation: i'm sad we can't get our money, we are dependent on remittances. my children are at home, i cannot pay their fees.
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>> reporter: somali refugees depend on remitnesses allowing them to cannot pay their fees. immediate needs for shelter, food and clothing is made. this has hit the refugees hard. they cannot move out of the camp where they have little access to jobs and other means of income. more families here depend on money sent by friends and family. traders say business is slow since the closure of remittance companies. >> we no longer sell goods on credit to customers. how can we, when we don't know when we'll receive money. the dwindling quality and quantity of food rations given to the united nations refugees are more crucial. officials with the world officials with the world food programme say they have enough food for the refugees. >> the climate is not the same as it was previously. from the outlook we have, we'll
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have a 20% reduction in our funding, compared to 2014. >> this person came to the camp at the age of three. he lives here with his wife and two children. he sends a passionate plea to the kenyan government. >> we would like to appeal to the kenyan government or anybody that has an interest over our living standard, to open and to hear our us, we are desperate. >> reporter: the u.n. is assuring the refugees that it will continue to provide for them. for the refugees, nothing can replace what they have lost the anti-government iraqi yazidi tell al jazeera
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how they were raped by fighters. and china's economy - different to six years ago. stay with us.
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hello, welcome back. the top store yirs from al jazeera. refugees from the war in yemen arrive in djibouti after escaping the violence. houthi rebels condemned a decision to impose an arms embargo. air strikes by saudi arabia killed at least 776 people.
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foreign ministers of the g7 met in germany, it comes ahead of a summit in june and the charity organization save the children says 400 appear to have drowned. the italian coast guard says it rescued 144 people in an air and sea operation. >> hundreds of yazidi girls and women freed by i.s.i.l. say they were raped and beaten whilst held by the group. many described the desperate escapes. a young woman who escaped spoke to kim vinnell. >> the hour in camp can seem endless. the youngest can find way to pass the time. there are children here who no longer fined time to play. their innocence stolen in the most brutal way. 17-year-old charean doesn't want to be identified and we are not using her real name.
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in august last year i.s.i.l. fighters arrived in her home town sinjar forcing everyone to buses. shunted between schools, fighters came to choose the girls they wanted. her name was called eventually. >> translation: i said to my mother i want to kill myself. i was given the permission to go to the toilet. i wanted to do it then. my mother convinced me not to. >> reporter: the worst was yet to come. separated from her mother she was taken and for four months was kept as a sex slave. >> translation: i was so afraid all the time. i didn't know when he would rape me again. i believed in myself, i knew that i would escape. using a cell phone, shaheen made it happen. hidden by a burka, she made it happen. she took a taxi and made to a friend or relative. her story is common. i.s.i.l. is targetting yazidi. many fear their people will never recover.
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this camp is vast. there are 15,000 people here. 2,500 families. all of them are yazidi from the sinjar area, all unsure what they'll find if they are able to return home. >> for now, family is front of mind. these two women were among the hundreds of yazidis released by i.s.i.l. last week. between them they have nine children, whose whereabouts are unknown. >> translation: they took my daughter. she is 10 years old. it's been nine months since i saw her. i feel like i'm dying every day. i wish more than anything to see her again. >> reporter: it's not clear why i.s.i.l. is releasing prisoners. only the elderly or young are freed. even those with nothing say living here, it's one thing they need - to be reunited with their loved ones
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cubans welcomed u.s. president obama's proposal to remove their country from a list of state sponsors of terrorism. it's seen as an important step to normalizing relations. >> reporter: the u.s. and cuba have been at loggerheads for half a century, the historic handshake between raul castro and president obama given substance. by the announcement that the u.s. is to remove cuba from what it says are state sponsors of terrorism. >> i think it's good. it's time that it happened. raul and president obama raul and president obama uniting for the sake of the people in cuba. >> it's the most important step yet between normalization of relations between the two countries. they were severed in 1959 after the cuban revolution, and the caribbean island was added to the list 23 years later. the u.s. accusing havana of aiding armed rebels and harbouring us fugitives. cuba welcomed the decision
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by obama, cuba welcomed the decision saying it should never have been on the list at all. >> we are not terrorists, the opposite. we are supporters of peace and tranquility and good things for all. >> translation: this implies development. progress in economic and social areas. everything. it's great that this has happened. >> reporter: it's not a done deal. obama must get approve from congress. it has 45 days to consider the decision. the republican presidential hopeful, marco rubio, who has cuban heritage condemned the move. >> the decision made by the white house is terrible. not surprising unfortunately. cuba is a state sponsor of terrorism, it's also the country that harbored fugitives and that included a police officer that was killed in new jersey. it also helped north korea evade
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weapons sanctions. they should have remained on the list of the state-sponsors of terrorism. it's send a chilling message that this white house is no longer serious about calling terrorist by its proper name. >> reporter: being blacklisted by the u.s. is an emotive thing. an issue in cuba, estimating that the cost them $1 trillion. >> translation: it's sad. >> many things will be eliminated, like the blockade, which is what we need. it is a start. >> reporter: the lifting of the embargo is years away. cuba and the u.s. agree to disagree on many issues the latest move puts them a step closer to leaving the cold war behind well francis is with the latin american studies department at middlesex university, and joins us love from london. good to have you with us. what do you make of obama's move to remove cuba from the state-sponsored terrorism list. there's an amount of opposition to this within the u.s. >> i think obama came to the
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right conclusion. it's a failure. it's 60 years of trying that has not produced any results. basically the united states politicalists take a realistic view of the situation, and those that are stuck in the cold war mentality, and the difficulty. unless there is progress then the united states will be increasingly more isolated from latin america. the last time it made it abundantly clear, and let's remind ourselves one of the reasons cuba came back is because the whole region took a robust attitude towards it. i hope that the congress has the sense of ensuring that it is taken off a terrorist list. >> there's a 45 day review where congress could make moves to block cuba's removal from the
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list. at the end of the day it has to approve the listing of the trade embargo. that will be a real hurdle for obama to overcome isn't it? >> that's what i'm saying. there will be very strong resistance to this. politically it will be difficult to justify it in terms of the election that is coming up. all the removal of cuba from the list will do is allow the two countries to have embassies, and there is a hard job of dismantling the blockade brick by brick and i think the difficulty that the united states faces is for as long as it doesn't, it's going to face increasing isolation from latin america, which is far away you know, from the united states. obama felt it clearly at the last summit. >> thank you very much indeed for that good to get your thoughts there. live from london. china's economic growth
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slowed down in the first quarter of this year. figure released on wednesday show a 7% growth rate with a fall in manufacturing and retail sales. the second-largest economy's growth between january and march was the slowest in the last six years, adrian brown has the latest from beijing. >> 7% economic growth would be cause for celebration. china has been used to higher levels of growth. a few years ago china experienced rates of 16, 17, 18%. stellar rates. this news is neither good nor bad. it confirms that china's economy is beginning to slow. china's premier seemed to anticipate this on tuesday, warning there would be tough times ahead this year. that was candid language for a chinese prime minister. chinese prime minister. also
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on tuesday, the international monetary fund warned that the economic growth rate was likely to contract to 6.8%, and in 2016 it could drop to 6.3%. china's economy is going through a period of transition. it is moving away from a model that was export led to one that is consumer led. china's government wants its people to consume more, buy more - ideally chinese brands. economists say the real danger is this - what happens if the economic growth rate falls below 4-5%. could we see growing rates of joblessness, and what the government fears mose is social instability. an an investigation into cuba reveals it may have breached laws diverting traffic from rivals to boost its own services. if it is proven google faces up
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to $6.6 billion in fines. hundreds of activists marched in new york calling for an end to police violence against unharmed black men in the united states. the family members of several men and boys who died at the hands of police took part. at least nine people were arrested during the demonstration. another group left new york on a 400km walk to washington to demonstrate against what they say is police brutality now,ate u.s. teachers in the state of georgia received prison sentences for cheating. they were found guilty of falsifies test results to secure bonuses and programations. andy gallagher reports. >> reporter: it's one of the biggest exam cheating scandals in u.s. history.
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it's also divided opinion. these protesters called for leniency for the 10 found guilty of altering exams for bonuses. judge gerry baxter was in no room to bargain. he offered them a chance to apologise in return for lighter sentences. when it was apparent that many refused to accept the deals, he let his feelings be known. >> >> i don't want an apology, i want the children to have an apology. i want the children who were short changed and cheated to have the apology. >> the judge sentenced each in turn, given three senior figures 7 years in gaol. and large fines. investigators said that large scale cheating had been going on four years, and teachers and others did it to avoid jobs refuse bonuses and enhance careers, leaving many dumbfounded.
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>> the real victims are the children. they are being miseducated or misguided. and we are the leaders, these are the educators. they have let the children down. >> for many of us the case raised issues about standardized exams. activists say the exams set unrealistic goals in public funding for years, and claim the sentences are too harsh. >> how has the parent been served, how has the children been served? by sending educators to prison. i submit not one iota. it's time for the community to become enraged. >> reporter: activists plan to carry on campaign of course, and that's for those that received gaol sentences. and it's expected to launch appeals in the coming days. >> throughout the long trial the judge made it clear it wasn't a victimless crime. thousands were let down by
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teachers that should have given them a decent education, it could take the atlanta school system years to recover don't forget you can keep up to date with all the news on the website. one of our guests says that's what's happening in florida and when he wouldn't remove offending language, he was suspended. we'll also be joined by a guest who is keeping tabs on where politics may trump science across the country. it's the inside story.