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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 17, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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ts into the food chain... >> that's hitting home >> it ends up on the dinner plate of people... >> techknow only on al jazeera america >> part of al jazeera america's >> special month long evironmental focus fragile planet ♪ italy calls for international help as more people arrive on its coast, some of them heavily bandaged after a dangerous voyage across the mediterranean. ♪ hello and welcome to al jazeera, i'm july in doha also coming up, on this program stop destroying the country, yemen's vice president calls on houthi rebels to lay down their
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weapons. reports of more violence as south africa's president calls for an end of attack on migrant workers. and why some of the world's best coffee beans are leaving a bitter taste for traders in kenya. ♪ rome is appealing for help to cope with an unprecedented flood of new arrivals as migrants continue to make the dangerous journey across the mediterranean, hundreds arrived in italy on friday thought more than 40 others may have drown along the way. over the past week 10,000 people mainly from africa and middle east braved the journey to escape poverty and conflict in home countries and so far europe has not been able to stop it and paul brennan reports. >> reporter: at the port of
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augusta the coast guard ship delivers human cargo and 600 migrants rescued from stricken boats from the libya coast from the past few days and guided by shore by officers in protective clothing the men, women and children risked death in hope of a better life such are the numbers involved teams of volunteer doctors work alongside the ship's medical staff, what they have seen pulled from the water in resent weeks is harrowing harrowing. >> sometimes we see if people in the sea, they swallow water and guzzling and it's awful, it's awful. >> reporter: some arrive with a little money for their new life others arrive without shoes to wear and come from syria and so mole yeah and there is no sign
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of a slow down on unprecedented numbers seen in resent days. the migrants are safe but not everybody makes it this far and reports on thursday says there has been another sinking in the mediterranean with the loss of 40 lives. the european commission admits solutions are needed it's just they don't have any at the moment. >> the european commission cannot do it all and we are putting energy in developing a new comprehensive approach on managing migration and we said many times we will be coming forward with may and moved up from july but, no, we do not have a silver bullet or any kind of panacea to make the situation go away like that and no amount of finger pointing is going to change that. >> reporter: in the next few days this coast guard ship will put to sea again and more migrants lives will be saved as a result and the question how to stop them risking lives in the first place goes unanswered.
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paul is live for us live paul, the european spokeswoman in your report there saying, look, there is no silver bullet solution but what are the options they are talking about, if any? >> reporter: well, they are miment limited and for a variety of reasons and first of all we have if willingness of the migrants to pay money to criminals essentially to use the black market to try to risk their lives and try to make it across the mediterranean to what they believe is a better life in europe and are outside normal controls. what the european unit and commission are hoping for is some kind of comprehensive agenda and many recommendations have been put forward by italy which of course is at the forefront of this and one of the recommendations is for non-european countries like
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tunesia and egypt in order to try to beef up their mode of coping if you like to prevent people setting to sea in the first place. the other potential idea that has been raised is to have what australia is doing is to set up some kind of non-european holding or processing center perhaps egypt might be used for that in order to put the migrants there and try to prevent them from setting foot on european soil and putting the burden on the european countries to then cope with them but there are no easy answers and it is in humanitarian and political issues as well. >> you are reporting there on yet another boat load of people who arrived safely on shore and arrived looking very beaten up and heavily bandaged and what happens to those people now? >> reporter: well they last night were being cared for in the port area of augusta itself.
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there was some army tents and medical tents that had been set up almost a temporary tented city we were not allowed to go in and have a look at by the authorities but they were being catered for there. and then they will be moved on to the other processing centers on the mainland and the attempt is to spread the burden from southern italy to take as many migrants to northern italy and if they have the where with all to move on and other countries willing to take them then of course the migrants would be free to move further north in north europe and the numbers coming to the southern coast of italy are overwhelming authorities and having great difficulties coping. >> paul thank you for the report and paul brennan on the italian coast there on ragoosa. ♪
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now the u.n. is launching appeal for 275 million dollars to meet humanitarian needs in yemen, and u.n. says 150,000 people displaced since the fighting started. on thursday the new vice president kuled to end of offensive on the port city aiden. >> reporter: this is the man likely to be yemen's next president, khaled bahah is currently vice president and prime minister. his task is to put together a nation on the brink of civil war. khaled bahah says he is willing to work with his houthi opponents and forces loyal to the former president ali abdullah saleh but only if they disarm. >> translator: we must give them a chance which will be like behind our project for the state and to achieve that malitias loyal to houthis and ali
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abdullah saleh should limit it on yemen and stop destroying the country. >> reporter: yemen's biggest challenge is deteriorating humanitarian situation. hundreds of yemen people have been killed since the start of the conflict three weeks ago. the city of aiden is bearing the brunt of heavy fighting. >> translator: yemen faces a tough situation and shortage in food medicine and bathing necessities like electricity and fuel and this needs intervention to prohibit a catastrophe and for this we decided to form relief and korm -- form a community. >> reporter: the president and vice president will not be able to return home parts of the country remain under houthi control and he wants to reform the army is detained.
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general was captured by houthi fighters on the outskirts of aiden. khaled bahah became prime minister in october, his appointment was backed by the houthis who later put him under house arrest, now he is expected to unite yemen people and create stability for the country. i'm with al jazeera. diplomatic sources telling al jazeera that the united nations has lined up a new special envoy to yemen and ismael ould cheikh ahmed from mauritania worked with the middle east and will succeed the one to broker the fighter. graphic pictures of suspected chlorine gas attacks in syria and firsthand accounts from syrian doctors many are children and they will try to identify and prosecute attackers, a
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warning that this report by james base contains disturbing images. >> reporter: this shocking video was after a chemical attack in syria last year. the pictures of doctors trying to revive young children was shown to security council ambassadors. they were shocked, many were moved to tears. >> the video in particular of the attempts to resuscitate the children, i mean if there was a dry eye in the room i didn't see it. it was -- it's just devastating to see the facts of what the regime is doing and people were visibly moved. >> some of the worst i ever had to watch i have to say. there was moments when i -- all i wanted to do was look away and i realized that the people we were seeing actually had to live through this and regrettably had to die through it. >> reporter: as well as watching the video security council members heard evidence from two syrian doctors and from
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a survivor of a chemical attack and later briefed reporters. >> translator: in the video you can see that the patients were one on top of the other and that is because we received many sick people in a short amount of time. as far as my feelings of course it was very disturbing. every time i rewatch the video i remember the events that occurred which are very upsetting. >> reporter: he says he was one of the victims of attack in 2013 at one point doctors thought they lost him. >> they gave up on me and i was placed with the dead bodies for nearly 45 minutes and until a friend of mine noticed i was still alive, called the doctors again, gave me more atpropine and i don't know for some reason i came back to life. >> reporter: the video was filmed just ten days after the security council vote, a rare moment of unity on syria when the resolution condemning the use of chlorine was passed. the u.s. is among security
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council members condemning what they say is a clear act of defiance but the assad government but any action seems extremely unlikely russia would almost certainly block any condemnation of the syrian government in the security council and the obama administration remains reluctant to take military action james base al jazeera, u.n. syrian government forces stepped up attacks in aleppo and idlib killing 40 civilians including 20 children and according to human rights groups 100 strike in the area in the past few days. assad has been in a television interview as part of national day and critical of foreign intervention and u.n. and mistura's efforts to resolve the conflict. >> if you want to look at the conflict in syria as only internal conflict between factions, that is not realistic and not objective. actually the problem is not very
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complicated and it became complicated because of external intervention and any plan if you want to execute in syria today in order for the problem and this is the plan to aleppo it will be spoiled by some intervention. >> reporter: south africa police fired rubber coated steel bullets and a stun grenade at migrants and they armed themselves with machetes and 12 arrested in overnight violence and south africa hit with a wave of attacks by immigrants in two weeks and complained about lack of protection and some started to arm themselves and south africa president has called for an end to the attacks. alex is senior reporter at eyewitness news where street battles have been fought overnight and talks about why it
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seems so widespread this time. >> in the city of joe hand -- johannesburg and there are a lot of clashes and cars on fire and running battles throughout the night and rubber bullets used by police to try to push back those in the streets and certainly within the last hour we seen tensions rise up again and at least one person being taken away by ambulance and this is of course still the tension between locals and some foreigners living there and police are out and about as we speak right now trying to calm the tensions. this all began two weeks ago at another province and slowly spread into johannesburg and happened in 2008 previous and we know when the violence started in another one of our suburbs in
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january, that was particularly target d targeted targeted of shop owners running businesses in that area and now it appears the violence is aimed really at anybody who is a foreigner, in other words, we see attacks against people simply because they are from ethiopia somalia and pakistan and all other neighboring countries, mozambeke and targeted not only business owners and anger is at foreigners in general. still to come in the program behind bars without trial or charge, israel continues to detain thousands of palestinians despite protests. ♪
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remainder of the top stories on al jazeera rome appealing for help for the unprecedented flood of migrants and a boat load arrived in italy on friday morning heavily bruised and bandage and people drown on migrant boats in the mediterranean. they fired rubber coated bullets to disburse migrants and a series of attacks against migrants in the past two weeks. the u.n. is launching appeal for almost 275 million dollars to meet humanitarian needs in yemen and says 150,000 people have been displaced since the fighting started, on thursday yemen vice president calls on houthi rebels to end offensive.
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a saudi-led air campaign against shia houthi fighters continues. [gunfire] on the ground fighters loyal to yemen's president haidi continue the push against rebels and a clash against the popular resistance and houthis in aiden. mean while humanitarian situation is rapidly dee deteriorating and they will feed 100 displaced people in the city of aiden in the next few days and wfp estimated 10 million people were already short of food and now it says the escalating violence left more than 12 million yemen people in need of assistance. mohamed is the editor of the newspaper and joins us now from london and good to have you with us mohamed and clearly this is a catastrophe that needs resolving quickly and now getting names being mentioned as the new envoy
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for yemen and do you think a new advisor will have any more success than the old one? >> well i think the situation after the air strike will be different than the situation before that before the saudi-led coalition strikes it was the inside yemen dialog and it came to an end and i'm sorry to say it's a failing end. because it was international. i think arabs are more knowledgeable and more aware about the situation in yemen because they come from the same country and they are yemen neighbors. so the dialog after these strikes, when they go the yemen parties go to riyahdh or other
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it will be international and from my point of view this is good for the yemen people because the state and saudis especially they know better than other states the situation in yemen, the complication in terms of the military social and political situation of the country. >> okay do you think there should be an arabic regional solution to this? and we know ali abdullah saleh the former president of yemen requested safe passage from the country and saudis seem to have said no but wouldn't it speed up any peace process if ali abdullah saleh actually left yemen? >> i think so. and it's not only that it's not only leaving the yemen and having a safe passage, before having that for him he must from my point of view and from the saudis and the arab's point of view he must do something inside
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the country, he must oust his own commanders in the army, his own divisions which are still loyal to him and must ask them to stop war, to stop fight and he also will ask the tribal leaders and the tribesmen who are loyal to him also to stop fighting against the legitimate army or the legitimate authority and they should announce loyalty to the president, the legitimate president haidi who is now in riyadh and before that i think he cannot have this safe pass and must rearrange and deal with the situation in the count interest i because he is the main act in the country and the main player i mean in the political and military scene inside the country. >> indeed mohamed thank you very much indeed for your thoughts and good to speak with
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you mohamed live for us from london. palestinians in the occupied west bank honoring prisoners day and thousands of palestinian prisoners in israeli detention and some detained without charge or trial and stay in prison for years without ever knowing why and we report from ramala. show the israeli army rounding up palestinians on wednesday, a scene that is repeated across the occupied west bank almost every night. israel currently holds 6,000 palestinians in its prisons and 450 of whom are held in administrative detention and means detaining palestinians without charge or trial on indefinitely military orders and this is a hamas representative in the palestinian parliament and spent 13 years in administrative detention and released two weeks ago and detained he missed the birth of his two children weddings and
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the funerals of his mother and two siblings. >> translator: israel policy of administrative detention is not letting inmates know reason for detention and causes psychological conflict and nor they or lawyers will know if or when they will be released. >> reporter: they talk about the detention policy regularly and this is a demonstration in the west bank to honor palestinian prisoners day. they are prisoners and protesters the here one in every four palestinians has at one point been detained since the occupation of the territory and for decades u.n. has been calling on israel to stop detaining palestinians without charge or trial because it violates the convention. israel says administrative detention is a tool it uses sparingly and insists they have a right to appeal detention.
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>> we try not to use the tool but fighting terrorist organization who have no hesitation whatsoever and there are instances when we have no choice. >> reporter: arrests increase between palestinians and israelis and abuse of inmates according to palestinian legal organizations. >> translator: testimonies from lawyers confirm that many prisoners are suffering from illnesses as a result of torture and the policy of medical negligence. >> reporter: in the last year the number of palestinians held in administrative detention alone has almost tripled, prisoners say more inmates are being held in solitary confinement and deprived of family visits with no political progress on peace talks, palestinian prisoners have little hope that things will get any better al jazeera. the chinese court sentenced veteran journalist gao-yu to
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prison and 71 was famous in china for hitting on elites and she will appeal to leaking secrets to organizations. they will decide whether to approve a potential cyber crime law to curb internet freedom and they will criminalize messages obscene or immoral and if passed it can be used to deny pakistan people freedom of speech. survivors remembering the killing fields in cambodia since they first marched in the capitol and one of the many masquerades was discovered after the fall of the communist regime and estimated 2 million cambodians killed during the four-year rule. the head of the imf christine has ruled out giving extension to greece of debt repayment and has to pay $1.1 billion over the
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next month. >> my advice is to get on with the work and the work needs to address both you know the short term and the medium term of the economy and the objective that we all pursue is to actually restore the stability of the greek economy. >> reporter: kenya produces exceptional coffee enjoyed all over the world, it's a big earning bringing in millions every year and provides many jobs but production is on the decline and that is worrying many people from kenya as malcolm web reports from the nairobi coffee exchange. >> reporter: begins his weekly task of tasting dozens of cups of coffee and grades them so his employers can decide what to bid for in the upcoming auction. coffee experts earn kenya $200 million a year and provides an income for about 150,000 small scale farmers and most of it is
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tasted and traded here at the nairobi coffee exchange. downstairs traders collect samples for tasting and many are worried about the business because of coffee production has been going down since the 1980s this coffee is some of the best in the world and we are surrounded by hundreds of samples of kenya coffee awaiting action and a lot of the world coffee brand have it in their blends to up the quality and traders say because of this reason kenya coffee fetchs a high price on the market and it means a lot of the farmers don't want to grow it any more. nairobi construction boom is part of it a lot of coffee plants on the city have been pulled up and land sold to developers and the new properties do not provide jobs if the long-term, nearby this is
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one of the farmers who is still growing it she is 81 she says she gets a fair price and provided her a steady income throughout most of her life. but she says many of her neighbors gave up. >> translator: sometimes the meals were not well organized and few people who could help and advice so people opted out. >> reporter: back at the exchange they know the business better than most and is the ceo. >> it's not a problem, production is the problem. when you look at the production of the bush, it can go up to even about 40 a bush. currently we are producing about that and that is our problem. >> reporter: here on the trading floor kenya coffee may make good money but farmers to keep their plants need advice and investment and the
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government says it's trying to help. everyone in the business including robert hopes for a turn around in the coming years, millions of kenya jobs depend on it malcolm web, al jazeera, nairobi. >> reporter: and you can keep up to date with all the day's news and sport on our website, the address al and heating. we assume that when we need it it's there. in endless abundant reliable supply. concerns are growing that the vast web of infrastructure that guarantees lights come on is