violence escalates in iraq, a car bomb explodes outside the u.s. cons lal in erbile and dozens are killed in car bombings in iraq. the king of clubs iraqi officials say they have killed the former right hand man to saddam hussein. administrative detention. >> we prefer not to have to use this tool. there are instances when we have no choice. >> thousands of palestinians locked up in israeli jails.
many without choice. calling for their release prisoner day. fear is spreading prisoners vowing to stand up against the xenophobic voyages against them in south africa. >> good evening i'm antonio mora. and i'm barbara serra. we begin knit with the violence in iraq. the u.s. is condemning the car bomb attack outside the american consulate in erbile. i.s.i.l. claimed responsibility for the attack and dozens of people died during separate bombings in baghdad. >> meantime, prime minister haider al-abadi arrived after i.s.i.l. attacked ramadi. and tonight officials are
claiming the death of one ever america's most wanted man, izzat ibrahim al-douri claimed to be dead. >> jamie mcintire with more. >> this is not the first time officials claimed to have killed izzat ibrahim al-douri, among other thing noted for sporting a head of red hair. others looked like al-douri, they showed a corpse, they need an autopsy to make sure the body is really his. the governor of salaha province says it is. al-douri was once saddam hussein's right hand man still unaccounted for and was the king of clubs in the famous deck of cards the u.s. military gave to troops in 2003 so they could
recognize iraq's 52 most wanted. most recently al-douri was leaving a sunni group -- leading a sunni group that group was said to have aligned with i.s.i.l. last year when it took over mosul. when al-douri's demise might have been shocking, there was no prepared statement. >> if it's true, i think it would probably be a victory for the iraqi security forces certainly but i just don't know yet. we're looking into it. >> reporter: almost all the 52 original deck of cards have been captured. as i of spades, saddam hussein was killed in 2003, his songs
were killed after. now with the as ace of clubs is gone. joins us tonight from washington d.c. sir thank you so much for joining us here on al jazeera. >> good evening. >> now izzat ibrahim al-douri has been reported dead several times before. we're going to way for dna tests. do you think this time he really is dead? >> the initial signs are certainly positive but as you say we've seen this movie before. i've probably seen him declared dead seven or eight times in the last decade so like you i will wait for the dna test. >> i guess if he is dead, it will be the feather in the cap of the iraqi army. but aside from the symbolism how big a difference would this
actually make to the fight against i.s.i.l? >> i think this will be most symbolic mostly a symbolic victory. even when a leader is fully engaged like saddam hussein or zarqawi or osama bin laden removing them has very little effect. new blood moves up. don't get me wrong we're all glad he's gone if he is gone. in terms of the day-to-day operations it will probably have little effect. >> al-douri was reportedly the king of clubs and he had a bounty on his head of $10 million. he outlived the u.s. occupation in iraq. certainly his survival story as such is remarkable. how much do you think it highlights the durability of the baathist insurgency ten years after the fall of the hussein
regime? >> he was an old man. with all apologies to my father, he was my father's age. most responsibility had deinvolved to his lieutenants more in their prime. but nonetheless he served as a symbol of the integration of the baath party into i.s.i.l. >> what impact do you think the baathists have had on the i.s.i.l. in ideologically? >> moving forward certainly over the past two or three years if not earlier we've seen a major infusion of baath officialerses or former baath officials, mostly intelligence and strategy, and certainly the
i.s.i.l. seizure of mosul what we saw last summer, tikrit, the other towns would not have happened without the integration of the baath into the i.s.i.l. operation. >> do you think there are other significant figures from the saddam era who still wield power in iraq, we don't know the names of the middle ranking officers who may be prominent today? >> i think that's correct. i mean the people who specialize in this, who work this day-to-day at sim com or cia probably know the names. but for the bulk of us, the people who are now managing this inside i.s.i.l. former baath officials were relatively anonymous figures. lieutenant colonels, junior colonels men in the late 30s early 40s who are coming into their prime. >> for the u.s. and its
involvement in iraq, do you think this is just too little too late? >> well, certainly it would have been good to take him away five or six years ago. again he was an old man now in his 70s and i suspect that his value was much more about propaganda and perhaps just managing the network than actually being hands-on, the bulk of which is probably being done by men in their 40s and 50s. >> douglas ol olivant thank you for sharing your thoughts with us. >> i'm not the type who goes looking for place to live in jedda, paris or europe. earlier reports he was looking for a safe haven saleh said, to leave your country has not been and will not be born. meanwhile, additional support is pouring in to assist tribes
facing the houthi rebels in yemen. tribes are making gains around the capital city sanaa and aden, but have yet to take control of ta'izz. abdalla al shami has the story. >> three weeks since the incursion of saudi air strikes targeted by war planes east of the capital sanaa. the facility belonged to the republican guard remaining loyal to ali abdullah saleh. strikes have also targeted presidential palace in ta'izz as well as camps in other cities. seizing the opportunity, al qaeda is exploiting the chaos. their fighters took control of a strategic military camp in
southeastern yemen seizing tanks artillery and other heavy weapons. the takeover of the base means they have full control of the city. they seized the airport on thursday. the civilians are paying the price. the united nations says about 150,000 people have been driven are from their homes and more than 750 people have been killed. across the country at least 50 public buildings have been partially or completely destroyed. eight hospitals have been hit and 17 educational institutions have also been destroyed. the countries's three main airports have also been damaged as well as factories and mosques. abdalla al shami al jazeera. making life harder for refugees from the war in syria. the new rules require syrians to obtain vee is visas when entering.
the u.n. says the policy puts refugees in risk. mohamed jem jun spent the day in the syrian becca valley. >> there is absolutely no sense or talk of celebration in this makeshift camp in lebanon's becca valley. flskt, many of these refugees are trying to ensure that their children get the most basic medical attention. you hear a lot of crying in this tent but there's a sense of relief because they're gratified they can get that kind of medical care for their children. the medics that we've spoken to say these are appalling conditions that these refugees live in. they say no child should have to
live this way. >> translator: the camp they are living in is not a good environment. no one would want to live like this. no water no electricity and no shower sanitation. >> fxfact of the matter is, this has been hair their lives. this is the first settlement camp of lebanon. it's groaningit's grown exponentially. >> arrested five teenagers over an alleged terror plot. >> more than 200 officers involved in today's raids. authorities say some of the evidence makes them believe the plot may be inspired by i.s.i.l. investigations are ongoing. >> officials say the rival arrival
of 300 american troops to ukraine may destabilize the ceasefire. rory challands reporting. >> they have always been against the joining of ukraine into the nato security umbrella. obviously, this isn't going that far but they won't look on this particularly kindly aall. another thing that the russians will be watching very very closely for is exactly who ask is being trained by these u.s. paratroopers. because included in the ukraine's national guard are various irregular units who have been fighting against the pro-russian separatists in the separatists on the east and some are on the far right of the political spectrum. if it's proven that brigades like the azof battalion is being
trained, it will gives russia a strong argument that the u.s. is training neonazis. >> thank you. >> 60 days after they were killed by serbian forces. tearful relatives were looked on. their bodies were uncovered in serbia last year. they had been rounded up and shot in their village as a revenge for nato's bombing of serbia moved to serbia in attempt to cover up the killings. germany commemorated last month's crash of the germanwings crash in the alps. 150 people died when co-pilot andrea lubitz deliberately flew airliner into the ground. dominic kane has more. >> reporter: it's more than three weeks since the crash in
the french alps. but the grief of the relatives of the victims is still raw. hundreds made the journey to the commemoration in clone come cologne cathedral. joined by german french and spanish ministers. >> no power in the world can unmake the loss. even if we can't do that, doesn't mean we humans can't do anything. standing next to our fellow human beings by standing with them this way we share their grief, their mourning. >> reporter: during the service the congregation heard readings from the bible and the presidents were given symbolic angels to represent the suffering of the victims and of the airline. there wasn't enough room inside the cathedral to accommodate all
those who wanted to attend the service. instead several hundreds gathered outside to join their compassion for those who died. >> i'm so sorry about what happened. i'm here out of sympathy for the poor people, particularly the families. those left behind who suffer so much. >> translator: i wanted to take part in the mourning. it's important to me. >> reporter: this is the final official act of commemoration for germany's loss. the official inquiry as to why it happened is still ongoing. dominic kane, al jazeera cologne. >> today marks 40 years since the khmer rouge took over, phnom penh, it is estimated that 1.7 million cambodians died under communist rule. two of the top figures for khmer rouge regime are currently under
>> israeli police fired tear gas at west bank protesters for the second day. to mark palestinian prisoners day were throwing rocks at israeli troops. >> in contrast we look at palestinian prisoners day first observed in 1974 in solidarity with palestinians jailed by israeli military. >> held by administrative
detention. reporting how palestinians are affected. >> these pictures show prisoners rounded up, reflected almost every night. israel holds 6,000 palestinians in its prisons 450 held in administrative detention. this means holding palestinians without charge or trial on indefinite military orders. a hamas representative in the palestinian parliament, he spent over 13 years in administrative detention. he was released two weeks ago and while detained he's missed the birth of his two children, some of their weddings and the funeral of his mother and two siblings. >> translator: israel's policy of administrative detention is based on not letting inmates the reason for their detention. this causes prisoners a logic conflict because neither they
nor their attorneys know when they will be released. >> to honor palestinian prisoners day. the issue of prisoners is a point for protesters here, one in every four palestinians has been at some point detained since israel began the occupation of the palestinian territories. it violates the fourth geneva convention. israel says administrative detention is a tool it uses sparingly and insists palestinians have a right to appeal their detention. >> we prefer not to use this tool but no choice. >> arrest increase in times of heightened tensions between
palestinians and strailys. strailys. israelis. >> in the last year the number of palestinians held in administrative detention alone has almost tripled. prisoners say more inmates are being held in solitary confinement and deprived of palestinian prisoners have little hope that things will get any better. al jazeera rah ramalla. >> thank you for having me. >> is that because the of the war in gaza and the events that led to it? >> the day of commemoration is not just the 6,000 individuals.
>> i thought the numbers were much lower. >> the numbers were lower but according to united nations we are actually at the highest number in the past five years. it commemorates the 800,000 individuals who have historically been held in administrative detention since 1967. it is very difficult than criminal incarceration punishment for an act that already happened. administrative detention is aimed to detain individuals for acts that might happen because they are perceived as possible future security threats. >> and i know the united nations has called for israel to tut down oncutdown on this. but israel claims, this is something they have discovered from intelligence sources and they can't put these people out
on trial. >> the commission on human rights the commission on torture, amnesty international special reporteur on terrorism,. >> does allow for this kind of detention under exceptional circumstances of national security? >> the geneva convention's wording is actually a occupying force can remove individuals and displace them in different areas. israel doesn't acknowledge it is an occupying force. this is where the wording gets sticky with regard to this issue and the geneva convention. >> israel says this is not although critics say this is undemocratic israel says no it is not people can appeal to a district court and the supreme court if they feel they're being held unfairly. >> the interesting thing about
israel being celebrateas the democracy in the middle east is there's two kinds of citizenships. there's rights and rules for palestinians and those for israelis. this does not exist anywhere else in the world. if there isn't an indictment what are people appealing for? it is not clear that. >> detaped in this way without charges and without knowing how long it will be there. but if you look at the length of time that people have been detained the ones who are detained now some of the numbers of only maybe a couple of dozen more than two years. how big a problem is it? >> so the even the one that's started under the british mandate that israel passed in 1945 put a cap on this at six months. and the fact that this goes
beyond the problematic even whip the legal regard. if we look at the number of children and women, and the israeli paper has documented written stories not just today but the past couple of weeks about the stories of children, one being eight years old who has been detained under the extraordinary rendition there's a problem here that the so-called largest democracy or only democracy in the middle east is actually performing these acts. >> can the international community have any effect or pressure on israel on this? >> we have waited for united states to step in and be the arbiter. unfortunately the relations between president obama and prime minister netanyahu are not that friendly now and president obama just released a statement as we all know that it's not likely under his administration we will actually see an end to this conflict and a creation of the palestinian state. the wall street journal just issued a report that israel has
been spying on negotiations between the united states and iran and leaking that to members of congress. >> in other words you're not very optimistic that the relationship -- >> i'm not optimistic that the united states can be the arbiter. there is a glimmer of hope. the knesset was just sworn in on march 31st. what we saw was 17 palestinian members joining the knesset. which is about 14%. they formed it as a coalition most of them. what this means is that the solution actually might come from within the palestinian israeli membership in this knesset. prime minister netanyahu just called yesterday for a meeting with the palestinian members of knesset to move forward. >> thank you for being here. barbara. >> antonio, thank you. antiimmigrant violence
>> welcome back to al jazeera america. i'm antonio mora. >> and i'm barbara serra. coming up this half hour. sentenced to seven years in prison. >> also retracing a journey of a french warship critical to america's independence. >> monday marks the fifth anniversary of the bp deep water horizon explosion causing the worst tragedy in u.s. history. global fishermen are still facing hard times and recently
found a dispersant of oil is causing death to sea life. >> outbreak of measles started last december at disneyland. the state department of public health warned another outbreak is possible, though. california is considering legislation to mandate meams measles vaccinations. >> 26 states came together to protest the u.s. policy of undocumented immigrants. >> 20 libyan migrants who were badly injured in a gas explosion were rescued off the coast of italy. smugglers forced them onto a boat even though they hadn't
received medical treatment. italian prime minister mateo renzi visited the white house and addressed the crisis today. >> i think mediterranean is a sea and not a cemetery. the problem in this moment is a situation on ground in libya we discuss mr. president or the presidential, if you think about 91% of the people who came from africa to italy come from libya. so exactly as two years ago one, the people come from tunisia because the problem was the lack of stability in teuns cantunisia. today the only way is come back to the peace and stability of libyan institutions. >> as many as 1,000 migrants have been rescued in the last
week. greece is asked to help step in and stem the tide. it is a matter of urgency. greece is the one area after italy. huge number of sea crossings. >> concern is greeg in south growing in south africa. stores are being looted in johannesburg. thousands of migrants are now taking shelter in police stations and refugee camps. charles stratford has the story. >> reporter: this is a du lu zulu war chant. these men want african migrants out of their country. they accuse the migrants of stealing their jobs.
>> these people must go and commit crimes back where they come from but they don't rob people where they come from. what does that mean? is that right for the government? those in government are just worried about themselves and not us. we're not going to allow this to happen. >> reporter: fear is spreading in johannesburg. i'm in jefferstown. it is the scene of the worst violence. they are burning tires upper burnt out vehicle here as well as a quiet heavy police presence. the men we have spoken to have vowed to kick the foreigners out of this area. earlier, police used rubber coated steel bullets. one of two car works shop owned by nigerians that was set on fire. the government has promised to put an end to the violence against pieg migrants.
police are investigating text messages sent. there is increasing violence against foreigners here. >> the government give us chance, because we are citizens, it is getting beyond the margin. >> i'm not surprised this happening, because we are one africa. we are one africa. and we, we love south africa, that's why we are here. >> ethiopia's prime minister is one of african leaders who has condemned the violence. >> as africans we all feel we have contributed for liberation of south africa. from the yoke of colonialism and apartheid. so south african should come together and live where they
want to live. of course, based on the lowest interpretation of that. >> no matter what south africans stay there is little to stem the flow of migrants. charles stratford, al jazeera south africa. >> gunmen stormed the border between nigeria and cameroon. more than 14,000 people have died in attacks by boko haram and more than 1.5 million nigerians have been displaced. as haru mutasa reports many are afraid to go home. >> from the outside it looks like any other mosque. but government officials say boko haram used this as a bait when they took the town of
mitchika. in some places towns and villages have also been destroyed. >> the situation is really grim. because they cannot go back to their homes. and not living reasonable life as they used to live because there are no facilities, there are no provisions, there are no markets, there are no hospitals even churches or mosques have been raised down. >> issa fled from her home last year fearing boko haram attacks. she has been heard told the military drove back boko haram. >> my husband away was killed by boko haram. >> some tired of living in camps like this have started going back. although officials say it is not
100% safe. >> we work in conjunction, when the security agencies, they need to give us a final final clearance, for instance there are a lot of ieds, improvised explosive devices they need to sweep the whole place. >> reporter: those ready to go home, all they need is an official confirmation the roads are safe to use. they want to work in their fields. in some cases the men have already returned, if the men feel the villages are safe they'll send for their wives and children. even if boko haram were completely defeated by the nigerian army it could take years to rebuild their homes and heels old wounds. haru mutasa, al jazeera energize. >> i had an opportunity to speak with nigeria's outgoing finance
minister, i asked her why it took six years for nigerian government to take on boko haram, and most of the time near the runup of the latest elections? >> i think when the military got the means to fight boko haram and got cooperation needed from flaibing countries they were able to make these gains they were pretty rapid in the last few weeks as you said. so i think, you know, that is in the proper arms and ammunition, and getting the proper coorgs fromcoordination from the other countries i think that has been key. >> you are referring to the deployment of 7 7 and a half thousand troops, are you saying the military on its own could not have made the gains that have been made? >> i'm not saying that. i'm saying the boko haram
problem, the people cross easily from one country to the other in niger to chad to cameroon. therefore if you don't have those countries cooperating the neighboring countries you are not going to be able to make the kinds of gains that you are making now. and it took some time to get that cooperation together. so i think all that began to coalesce and that's why our military has been making those gains. >> now you gave a talk in washington this week where you offered advice to the news government regarding the economy. and the need to diversify because of course there is a reliance on oil right now in nigeria. you were advising to look to other revenues. what options do you think the new nigerian government have to diversify its income? >> one of the achievements we made was to rebase the economy and we saw that nigeria became the largest economy on the continent. it was actually quite diversified with agriculture
manufacturing, telecommunications and other services, doing quite well, interesting about nigeria why its l fundamentals are so strong is that the economy is not driven by oil but by nonoil sectors. so the whole talk was we need to build on the achievements that have been made, in this diversification of the economy. >> one of the problems economically facing facing nigeria is actually the corruption in the country. how do you suggest it should be dealt with going forward? >> i think that every country faces corruption. i would ask you to show me very many emerging markets or developing countries who do not have a problem. but of course it is not a problem you want to have. and i think that what we've tried to look at is how do you tackle this, both with cumulative measures so there is no impunity, so the justice system has to work much faster than it does now to really take those people who have offended
and make sure that they get the requisite punishment if they are guilty. that alone cannot solve the problem. the other approach is to, enable you to plug leakages, we have had a quite a few successes in that direction. >> it's been over a year since just over 200 school girls were kidnapped in chibok. are you confident we are going to be able to bring those girls back? >> i think it's been a year and it's a very, very sad moment for our country. actually the mother of the youngest girls works exactly in my office. so it is something i live with every single day. and we will never forget them. we'll never lose hope about finding them. and whether it's this government or the next, all efforts have to be made to continue searching for them. >> our thanks to you.
>> the united states an the eu are calling for the immediate release of a journalist sentenced to seven years in prison in china. veteran journalist gao yu was accused of leaking secrets in a communist memo. marga ortigues has more. >> reporter: the conviction of the 71-year-old journalist comes as no supplies surprise to those watching here. she was first arrested nearly a year ago for divulging state secrets. the secrets in question here is
known as document number 9. in that document it is revealed that the chinese party leadership is concerned over what it sees as the potential infiltration of western ideals such as democracy they say which could corrupt on eventually lead to the disintegration of china's leadership. because of this it basically came out that the intended political reform that the chinese president has been talking about is possibly not true. that he intends to keep things exactly as they are and the human rights violations seen by advocates being perpetrated against those espousing different ideals are not true. gao's sentence, perpetrated 50 communist party here in china. gao yu intends to appeal her conviction. >> marga ortigues thank you.
>> at a statement of the imf-world bank meeting generate more within their own borders. >> europe needs balanced growth and needs to have, counter deflationary risks a comprehensive policy approach using all policy levers including fiscal policy and structural reform is needed to perform sustainable and balanced economic growth. >> the imf and world bank are one of the most influential institutes on earth. but patricia sabga has a report. >> 1944, the imf and world bank are created. founded by 44 nation the u.s. had outside influence then and
still does. thanks to congressional foot-dragging on reforms that would give more say to influential developing economies like china. the u.s. holds about 15% of voting power at the imf compared to about 4% for china. an imbalance echoed at the world bank. >> you have this perception and in some degree a reality that the u.s. is a key driver in the bank. i think to some degree that's because there's been an absence of alternatives. >> reporter: until now. china is using its massive foreign exchange reserves to build alternatives to the imf and world bank. pouring billions of dollars into the interamerican and african development bank and joining with the brix countries to form the new development bank.
last month its growing influence hit home when more than 50 countries rushed to become founding members of the new china led asian infrastructure investment bank. including u.s. allies washington had tried to dissuade from joining. >> what is at stake for the u.s. is strategic influence in critical regions of the world. >> reporter: because of congressional penny pinching, u.s. dominated learned like the world bang failed to keep pace, leaving china to fill in the breach. so if washington wants to preserve the influence that comes with lending to nations in need it may have to start putting its money where its mouth is, patricia sabga. al jazeera. >> office economics at the u.s. international trade commission. peter always good to see you. is this another case of politics getting in -- the extremes touch
with the left and far right arguing for cutting foreign aid and investment in the development banks. >> and it's really not foreign aid we're talking about. we're talking about putting capital into the imf and increasing their base to make loans. the moneys that get paid out get paid back, the institutions are vital to protecting american influence but more importantly american values. with chinese values, what the rules of the game should be, that is not a positive force from an american perspective. >> what does that mean by the average american? you talk about american influence and all these things and it probably feels fuzzy to most people watching. especially they think, this is money that while it might get paid back, might not, it is looked at the broader scheme of foreign aid. >> i think it's important for americans to come to an understanding that not just the
united states but aid is good for america and americans, that it creates if americans have influence in the rules of commerce, that it's going to be easier for american companies to project themselves abroad, invest abroad, export imrawd and abroad and so valuable to u.s. economy the same can be said for investment banking or the software industry or what have you. this is vital to the projection of american economic power and the foundation of american prosperity. interso is >> so is it all about economic power? with economic power comes political power around the world? >> well, this is where the big competition is between the united states and china. are we going to live in a world that encourages democracy? individual rights? personal liberty and so forth? those are not values that are firmly cherished in china.
when the imf and the world bank take their loans abroad, they go around the world they encourage transparency, good government, abz ofabsence of corruption. those are not paramount to china or the international bank for example. the question is who's going to go with the dollars? >> not just in the new asian bank but in the interamerican bank and the african bank. some say we have backed china into the corner by not letting us partner more with them, given the size of the economy is that fair? >> i don't know that it's pair because those institutions have rules. the major countries for example have convertible currencies. you can invest freely in our country. we can't invest freely in china. they don't have a convertible
currency and so forth. china wants to pick off those rules that benefit it and doesn't want to stay full responsibility for maintaining that system. it continues to want special and deferential treatment when it is like an emerging economy when in fact it is quite rich. america wants it to step up and act like an equal but it hasn't been so far. it is using its checkbook for responsible behavior. >> professor thank you. >> history brought to life in massive form. >> an exact replica of an 18th 03 warship begins an historic journey. retracing the journey of the
are reacting. the paper says the 19 members that make up the foreign relations committee are quote the most dangerous people in the world today. the paper goes on to say that in order to risk an armed stanoff in africa's sea lanes and a settlement of the two rising powers in their respective regions. >> the new york times looks at the history of the armenian genocide. use the word genocide when the white house marks the anniversary last week. they say obama reluctant to upset an important ally. >> and the powerful cartoon in this addition of le monde french political cartoonist
plantout the cartoon shows a member on a shift we don't care or stronger words into a sea of drowning migrants. >> the 18th century french warship lermoin was once considered to be the jewel of the french army. carrying the marquis de lafayette. jonah hull has more. >> reporter: some volunteer crew members have little sailing experience. enthusiasm got them aboard and a taste for adventure. they're about to set sail on a replica 18th century warship bound for shores of north america. not just any warship.
lemoine was among the sleekest vessels of her day. >> she represents a very important part of french maritime history doesn't she? >> sure. this ship was one of the four of a series that was first of all one of the best that the french navy ever built. >> to take on the english. >> to take on the english sure. but also the fact it carried the marquis de lafayette to boston carrying to washington the news that the king of france had accepted to go again at war. >> to help them beat -- >> definitely, that was the key of it. >> when she was built in 1779, the original lemoy beings nrvee wasoyne they knewthe 66 meter 32-gun
barracuda could outsail anything she couldn't outis outshoot. it took 17 years to build this shib ofship of liberty. >> life comes and goes, we needed the money for the ship but the money was found. everyone dreams of this ship. >> these are the crew's quarters. this is the portside watch. the crew is often in hammocks. >> what will the food be like? >> the food is very good. >> you're cooking it? >> gosh, i took some weight, some pounds. the food is very good. >> okay. >> so well fed and watered they'll cast off on saturday in