tv Weekend News Al Jazeera April 19, 2015 7:00pm-8:01pm EDT
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oil spill a debate on the recovering remembering one of the deadliest attacks op u.s. soil - the oklahoma city bombing 25 years later. we begin with tragedy off the coast of libya, where the search continues for hundreds of migrants feared dead after their boat capsized. 24 are confirmed dead. 28 rescued, and more than 600 missing. according to the "times" of malta the boat overturned 125 miles south of lampedusa, a main route for migrants fleeing libya. the number of passengers may be higher on the count. a survivor told them 950 people were on the boat including
hundreds locked in the cargo hold. italian prime minister matteo renzi says italy cannot be alone dealing with the situation. paul brennan has the latest. >> the search and rescue effort is supported with aircraft and helicopters. coast guard and navy ships from malta and italy have been joined. planes criss-crossed the sea scouring the waves for signs of life. as the hours past, the likelihood of finding more survivors is remote. the sicilian port of catania is the drop off point for tens of thousands of migrants. the town's mayor was in brussels, demanding e.u. assistance last week. >> i banged my fist on the table and told them it's dishonorable that a continent like europe turns its back. it's not a temporary emergency, but a problem to deal with for years. there needs to be a policy and
help for the desperate people asking for asylum. >> reporter: in the vatican the pope asked europe's leaders to recognise the migrants not as numbers, but human being. >> translation: i make a heart-felt appeal to the international community to react decisively and see to it that such tragedies are not repeated. >> reporter: the italian prime minister was briefed and gave a news conference, his words aimed not just at the italian public, but fellow e.u. leaders. >> we think the fight against human trafficking is a problem for the whole e.u. >> reporter: his appeal produced a response. the e.u.'s foreign policy chief weighed in saying:
the influx of migrants and migrant issue will be discussed on monday at a meting of e.u. foreign ministers in luxembourg, and the need for progress is recognised. with darkness fallen the hopes now of finding more survivors and bringing them to sicily is fading. completely accurate figures that lost their lives may not be known. the estimates of survivors paints a picture of a horrible loss of life. it seems a tipping point has been reached at an international level. nonetheless, there's genuine score, turning it to progress is far from easy to put this humanitarian
crisis into perspective look at the numbers. this week the italian coast guard rescued 10,000. last year 3,500 drowned crossing the mediterranean sea in an effort to reach europe. across the globe more than 51 million fled their home countries, the largest number since the end of world war ii half from afghanistan, somali and syria. joining us from london is the deputy europe director with amnesty international, thank you for joining us. we are hearing conflicting numbers on how many died trying to make this trip. what do you make on your end? >> it's hard to know the numbers. numbers are based on an estimate of what a boat of that size can carry, it's in the hundreds we don't know how many.
it's between 5 and 700. >> how much of the crisis is due to people fleeing conflict and poverty, versus human traffickers forking people-- forcing people on to the boat. >> it's not a new fep some none, it's a bit -- phenomion. it's a bit of both. we are seeing an increase in traffickers forcing people on boats, using terrible boats so people get into trouble in water faster. overall, this is not to blame on the traffickers, it's about europe's failed policy to provide safe and other alternatives to enter europe. >> it seems the situation is getting worse. why is that? >> we see the same amount of people making the journeys, an increase now, what has gone up exponentially is the number of deaths. that is, in a large part due to the scale back of search and rescue in the mediterranean.
last year the european union and italy scaled back and ended operation mare nost rum, a big search and rescue operation. it hasn't been replaced. there's a correlation between the scaling back of the operations and the numbers of deaths we see. >> we heard from the italian prime minister matteo renzi, and made the point that search and rescue is not enough, and the problem has to be addressed in africa do you think that is possible at this point? >> we have to look at the source. syria is part of the source unprecedented amount of refugees that we are seeing up to the transit countries like libya, egypt. tunisia. of course we need to look at that. i see it as a burning building with a lot of people on the
edge trying to jump off. we first have to make sure that those people are rescued. that needs to be the top priority now. i'm afraid that a lot of european governments and commission are trying to deflect from that icial immediate human -- initial immediate humanitarian disaster then we have to look at putting out the fire and the longer term consequences and causes. >> now we hear that e.u. leaders are calling for talks because a situation is worsening. what would you like to see come out of the talks? >> first of all, we need a clear search and rescue operation. it needs to include zepher ark l countries, a multicountry humanitarian operation focussed on search and rescue controlling the waters where the boats go down. it's not happening at the moment. secondly we need to see a bigger comprehensive review of
europe's migration policy including more resettlement places for refugees, and other safe and legal routes into the e.u. for those that have a claim for protection in international law. >> thank you, from amnesty international in europe. thank you for joining us. >> most of the migrants are fleeing unrest brought on by i.s.i.l. in the middle east and north africa. today i.s.i.l. released a video of what appears to be the execution of ethiopian christians in libya. ethiopia is looking to authent kate the video. the i.s.i.l. logo is on screen. meanwhile the city of ramadi is called a ghost town. more than 90,000 have fled from the fighting.
from baghdad, ali abdullah saleh reports. >> reporter: a sea of people on the run, escaping i.s.i.l., which is about to fully control the people of ramadi. they have been walking and driving for the last two days, taking what they can - man, woman, young and old. this is a terrified population, with no place to stay. some have been stuck near this bridge in southern baghdad. they are angry with politicians and tribal leaders. >> they don't care about us. look what happened to us, our condition. they sold us, they are traitors. >> we slept on the streets, and in the open. in miserable continues. we left everything behind. >> the sheikhs fled. sitting in hotels and homes. >> reporter: people who fled speak of terrible battles. some say bodies are scattered. i.s.i.l. fighters are making gains, closing in on the city center.
more than 75% of anbar is under i.s.i.l.'s control. the government sent reinforcements. it will be a long battle. mosques across baghdad opened their doors to sheltered the displaced. this is their new home. everyone here was allowed to enter baghdad only after being sponsored by the highest sunni religious body. >> more than 250 people live in the building. they are scattered in rooms like this. we are not allowed to film them for privacy. they are scattered over the compound. there are mattresses. they are living in tough conditions. they were allowed in, after being sponsored by the sunni endowment because the government is imposing restrictions on them. >> the number of people coming to the capital made the authorities nervous, the families need a sponsor to get in some accuse the government imposed restrictions. families need a sponsor to get
in. security officials say i.s.i.l. may have infiltrated the crowds, and they need to crosscheck. those that are stuck feel not welcome. >> they want a sponsor to let us in. to the iraqis. if you don't want us, hit us, kill us, throw us away. we are iraqis. >> the parliament called on the government to lift restrictions, and removing i.s.i.l. from the province is not going to be easy, and probably will take a long time. these people are likely to remain displaced. not knowing when to return home in afghanistan, fighters armed with guns and explosives attacked a police station in the helmand province a suicide bomber detonated explosives allowing the gunmen to storm the compound. two police officers and one policeman was wounded. it follows a series of attacks in jalalabad leaving 35 dead, 125 wounded.
witnesses blame afillates of the i.s.i.l. for the attack. jennifer glasse has more. >> reporter: these are some victims of the bombing, recovering in a hospital. they heard those affiliated with i.s.i.l. called d.a.e.s.h. are to blame. people are angry the government can't provide security much >> translation: such incidents are not acceptable. >> reporter: political fighting delayed planned government reforms. the taliban filled the vacuum in some areas. in ghazni province, the taliban shot and murdered three men. villagers came to the execution and said the taliban group is needed because taliban courts don't work. other than the i.s.i.l. claim of responsibility for the attack, there's no evidence that the
armed group has a widespread support apart from this attack. there's potential for it to grow. the building blocks of d.a.e.s.h. exists in afghanistan. we have radicalized youth, a spread of weapon in afghanistan. it's easy to recruit people for d.a.e.s.h. even if there is recruiting going on, some say afghanistan doesn't have the sectarian history allowing i.s.i.l. to flourish in iraq and syria. afghan security forces are facing the first fighting season where they are in charge. a small nato presence remains, mainly to train afghan troops. the afghans received new helicopters, but the air force covers a fraction of the country, they need to improve intelligence, logistics and medical skills. the u.s. state department says any i.s.i.l. presence is a rebranding of the marginalized taliban, and it is working with the government to counter a threat. president ashraf ghani said he warned for months about a
fledgling isil presence, but said afghans will not allow the group to grow here 20 years ago two u.s. army veterans set off an explosion outside a federal building in oklahoma killing 168 people including 19 children. hundreds gathered at the site to commemorate the anniversary beginning the memorial with 168 seconds of silence. bill clinton was president then, and he recalled the emotional times after the event. >> i want to first say i know how hard this is. >> the best homeland security is the character of a community. terrorism in any form cannot prevail if the people refuse to be terrorized. >> reporter: the explosion was so powerful is destroyed the building damaging 300 others. the attackers were caught almost
immediately. in 2001 timothy mcvay was put to death, his accomplice terry nicholls is serving multiple live sentences. it was one of the deadliest attacks on u.s. soil. form is the fifth anniversary of the deep water horizon oil spill. it killed 11 leaking 2 million gallons of oil into the gulf of mexico. years later the debate rages on whether the gulf is recovering. "america tonight"s michael oku spent several days on the water speaking to a group of louisiana fishermen. >> reporter: what kind of fish are are catching? >> red fish gar fish flound ir. >> reporter: teresa and donald are members of an indian tribe, a native american community tucked deep in the wetlands of
southern louisiana. for more than 40 years the waters put food on the table and money in the bank act. what would you do if you were weren't living off the water. >> what would we do? >> yes. >> lord i don't know. >> reporter: you never considered that. >> no. >> reporter: now they are forced to confront the possibility their sea faring way of life could end. five years offer the b.p. oil spill, they say the fish so dwindled in number, some of their neighbours turned to church charity to survive. >> the fishermen - they couldn't fish. it caused a lot of anger in the community. >> reporter: before bp louisiana was losing 24 square miles of marshland a year. an area about the size of manhattan. since b.p. they say that process has sped up. we approach what was one of
donald's favourite fishing spots. during the spill, the area was covered in oil. >> oil was 15 feet on the bank here. >> reporter: 15 feet on the bank. >> yes. 15 feet that went away. >> that's not all that worries the dadas. since the spill they say they have caught deformed fish. this is a picture of one. swollen red, and missing scales. b.p. repeatly released a report timed to the fifth anniversary of the spill, saying that there hasn't been significant long-term impact on marine life in the gulf, adding that the location of the spill, in deep water, and a massive response that followed mitigated the damage. five years after the spill, fishermen along the gulf coast have fallen on hard times. oyster men have been hit particularly hard. according to seafood processors
the oyster harvest in the gulf of mexico plummeted since 2010. again, disappearing habitat is one of the reasons why. however, fishermen blame the oil, and decisions made by the federal government during the crisis. one study published in the scientific journal "environmental pollution" says the disperse ants in the gulf made the oil toxic by a factor of more than 50 the gulf coast recovery is the topic of our week ahead segment coming up at 8:30 eastern, 5:30 pacific. we look at the clean-up of the region and how the disaster impacted oil production. coming up on al jazeera america - disabling cellphones. the u.s. government has the ability to turn off phones to respond to security threats - that is raising concerns
including first amendment violations plus a report reveals a vulnerability in new airplanes. can terrorists take them over through wi-fi connections? we'll find out next. stay with us. world. >> infectious diseases are a major threat to health. >> "the week ahead". sunday 8:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america.
important issues of the day. breaking it down. getting you the facts. it's the only place you'll find... the inside story. >> ray suarez hosts "inside story". weeknights, 11:30 eastern. on al jazeera america. a legal battle is under way to limit the power that the u.s. government has that few know about. right now all cell phone services can be shut with the flip of a switch. some say it's necessary in cases of a critical emergency, like a terror attack. critics say the programme is too secretive. >> reporter: cellphones connect us to family and friends, to the internet to the world. if suddenly the government cut off service. >> it's called the internet kill switch. what is that? >> it's basically the ability to turn off cellphones and turn off the networks for anyone using a cell phone.
the department of homeland security calls it standard operating procedure 303. >> these are the rules that the department of homeland security uses when they decide to shut down a network. alan butler and his group have been fighting in court to get a copy of the rules. after a judge ordered dhs to turn them over here is what butler got. pages and pages, all redacted. >> what is critical, and the underlying purpose of this case is that the rules for when the government can and can not shut down the networks should be public. >> federal rules were developed in 2006 after an uproar when new york city officials temporarily shut cell service in the tunnels. >> the officials were worried terrorists who bombed the london subways might use cellphones to detonate explosives in manhattan. no one thought about the rules
until 2011. that's when the rapid transit area shut you have cell service at the station, before a protest over the killing of an unarmed man by a police officer. davie cook is an activist in the bay area. >> most of the communication and organising of protests took place through social media, through twitter, facebook, and then of course on the spot. people were communicating through text messaging. so that then of course, became what - we cut the protest by cutting off the way in which they communicate. bart says it shut off the service because: critics said the action violated free speech. >> fundamentally, whether i agree with you politically, you don't have a right to stop me communicating national security expert
jerome hower agrees. >> you have to be very sure that when you shut it down there's a defensible public safety reason for doing it. >> the don't of homeland security is fighting to keep the document a secret. we reached out to dhs, a spokesman told us "we are not going to comment on that." well a modern convenience in flying may present a new danger. according to a government report hackers can use the wi-fi on a modern plane to take control of the aircraft. fire walls on board are designed to protect cockpit equipment, but the report claims they can become vulnerable if they use the same routers as the in-flight entertainment system and systems could be compromised if passengers unknowingly visit websites with a virus or
malware. joining us now is a senior correspondent with "next g ov" which supports on cyber security and homeland security. let's talk about the government report raising concerns about threats to the aviation system that could be taken as alarming. are they valid? should we be scared? >> you should pay attention to them. now it is unlikely that a plane will be taken down by hackers, but they are future threats that maf userers should take seriously. >> you reported on hackers attacking the f.a.a. this month. what happened with that. did the government make a change as a result of that hack? >> yes. okay. it just came out from the federal aviation administration that back office systems on the ground were hacked in february and while they say that the
infection was confined to the administrative systems, the same watch dogs that came out with a report about the wireless networks in flights came out with a flight saying because the office systems are so interconnected to the flight control systems, that does prevent - present some risk of a come promise to the air traffic control system. >> did they make changes? >> yes. well f.a.a. is considering the recommendations from the report, and like the recommendations from this report i - excuse me the f.a.a. says they would follow the auditors directions to create strategies to fix each internet security weaknesses. let's talk big picture. this report said cyber based threats are growing why is that what problems can we look at down the road if we don't get
a handle on this now? >> okay. well as the internet pervades all manner of appliances planes trains and automobiles are susceptible to hacks. and it's up to the manufacturers to do their due diligence, and make sure that passenger wireless connectivity cannot interfere with the flight control systems, physically segmenting the two networks, not just separating them by a fire wall. thank you, senior correspondent with "next g ov", thank you for joining us. coming up the 100th anniversary of the armenian genocide is days away. we sit with the armenian ambassador to the united nations about this time history, and why the term genocide is still rejected by turkey.
welcome back to al jazeera america, hear is a look at the top stories, the search for more than 600 missing migrants continues off the coast of libya. italy's prime minister is asking for help from other countries to deal with the crisis of migrants fleeing africa in the middle east. 90,000 people fled ramadi since fighting intensified in the area. many families fled with a few belongings, and 20,000 tefrl rarely -- temporarily settled in the suburbs much tents, food and other supplies are being sent to help. tomorrow marks five years since the bp deep water horizon oil spill. the original explosion killed 11 workers and the leak sent 200 million gallons of oil into the ocean.
the use of the term genocide is rejected by turkey and it's allies including the u.s. courtney kealy has mompt >> reporter: as the 100th anniversary of the armenian genocide draws clear, pope francis held a mass. >> translation: in the past century our human family lived through three unprecedented traj decision. -- tragedies. the first struck the armenian people. >> reporter: turkey's reaction was swift, saying the statement was unacceptable far from legal or a historical fact. >> translation: we call for religious leads to stay away from xenophobic statements. it is wrong, inconsistent and unfortunate in its timing. >> reporter: the prime minister called the european parliament's resolution urging turkey to
recognise the mass killings of genocide a sign of racism in europe. turkey maintains the killing of hundreds of thousands of armenians and turks at the beginning of the 20th century was due to a civil war, ottoman forces fighting russian troops during world war i. after the ottoman territory lost territory, they were desperate. worried that the christian armenian population would align with russia ottoman turks set out on a deliberate campaign of annihilation. beginning on april 24th, 1915 the official day, when officials rounded up dignitaries. over two years, 1.5 million armenian men women and children were killed. some massacred, some in marches through the desert. more than 20 counties acknowledged the genocide. but turkey's allies do not.
>> in 2008 before his election. president obama called the genocide a widely documented fact. now he avoids the term. in 2014 for the first time turkish prime minister recep tayyip erdogan offered condolences to the grandchildren of all armenians that lost their lives. regardless armenians will commemorate the 100th anniversary of a dark moment history joining me now is ambassador armenia's ambassador to the u.n. and a chairman of the near east foundation. thank you both for joining us. i'll start with you ambassador. we are coming up on the 100th anniversary of the start of the armenian genocide. do you feel the world on the whole is starting to acknowledge that this happened? >> i think the question of the armenian genocide has been with the world over the past
100 years, it's not a question just for the armenians. it's a question about standing up against impunity and it is a question about preventing future crimes against humanity. the messages that we have been receiving over the past week the message of the pope and the resolution of the european parliament are very much about the connection between what happened 100 years ago, and the atrocities we have faced over the past 100 years, and impunity breeds new crimes it is i think, the most important message. >> do you agree with him, particularly with the pope coming out and calling the mass killings 100 years ago the first genocide of the 20th century. do you feel the tide of history is changing? >> absolutely. the pope's marks were outstanding and galvanized a movement throughout others in the international community to bring this attention to light. on the 100 year anniversary is
the opportune time for there to be recognition around the world. >> how distant was the visit between pope francis and the armenian president? >> it was very significant. it was the news that caught the attention of the international community. and, again, to us this is one in a series of events that the international community - events, statements reactions and the position of the international community at large, to emphasise, to call. in fact to reiterate our faith in human dignity, and the worth of the human person. there are fourth and fifth generations of armenians standing firm on the question of recognition. there's a question why would fourth and fifth generation be so sensitive about it. the answer is in the denial of justice. human conscience cannot settle
with the denial. >> let's go back in time 1915. give us a bit of a history lesson, when we talk about the role of the united states and have a country like the u.s. come to the aid of the armenians after this, how important was that? >> it was important. this is part of america's history that is lost along with the memory of the armenian genocide. in 1915, the ambassador to the ottoman empire sent cables to the state department alerting them of the atrocities. there was no word genocide and he used there was a campaign of race extermination, which was literally translated to the words genocide. it was with that call to action that organization was formed in the united states in september 1915, originally called the american committee
for armen and relief. later named the relieve. it's known was the foundation and 100 years later, the organization that i chair stiff exists. there, america was galvanized to support starving armenians, they raised $116 million, the equivalent of $2 billion today. they cared for refugees, and 132,000 refugees were rescued from orphanages. >> you pointed out that could be one of the important parts of all of aid. the orphanages coming in. >> absolutely. this was unprecedented at the time. it was the beginning of what is known as citizen philanthropy where governments in partnership non-governmental organizations
took on a huge undertaking. this was not just a response that lasted for the moment. it went on for 15 years, and the institutions raise the orphan children to maturity. they trained them educated them and then they reintegrated them into society. this became a model for what we know as u.s. a.i.d., or the marshall plan or the peace corp. all the institutions that the rates and other countries around the world developed were modelled around this belief. >> and your foundation sent a picture that captures the gratitude from the ar mean people. >> the picture is america we thank you. they are spelt out by children. there's 2500 and they are standing in front of on orphanage which today is called gumry in armenia. it was one of many messages of
appreciation sent to the united states for their help. >> it's a powerful picture, ambassador. do you feel the support stayed with the armenian people over the past 100 years, even to this point in time? >> absolutely. we have been encouraged by the support of the international community. it is a big message for us that the armenians found shelter in many parts of the world, in the middle east in north america, europe in every continent. >> let's talk about turkey's response now. obviously turkey reacting to the pope's comments by recalling the ambassador to the vatican. what did you make of that reaction? >> you know, it is regrettable. i think the resolution. european parliament is quite good in that it underlines the way in which the european continent has been coming out of the world war ii and the creation of the european union
was a reaction to the atrocities, to the calamities of the past wars, and that reconciliation is not possible without remembrance and truce. >> why do you think the turkish government is adamant about not acknowledging what happened 100 years ago was genocide. >> that's a complex question. you'll have to ask them. part of this is they do believe that it impairs on their honour and they don't want to be recognised as a country that committed atrocities in genocide. >> the president said the stain of genocide is out of the question. >> that's right. other civilized countries like germany and others that had genocide as part of their past have come to terms with that, reconciled and moved forward. it's time that turkey also take those steps. >> what do you want to hear from the turkish government now? >> look i would say the biggest
message from the turkish government could have been the presence of turkey at the genocide memorial in armenian on 24 i'll. -- 24 april. the acceptance of the past is not a sign of weakness but a sign of strength. >> thank you for joining us. >> ambassador the ambassador to the u.n. and chairman of the foundation, thank you again we reached out for comment from the turkish ambassador to the u.s. and they sent a lengthy statement that says in part: you can read the entire
statement from the turkish ambassador on the website aljazeera.com more and more civilians are becoming casualties in the war in yemen. hospital workers in aden and sanaa have been overwhelmed by the number of victims, some patients are elderly, many are children. according to the u.n. the conflict placed 7.5 million yemenis in harm's way. the leader of the houthis said the saudis aggression is to blame. mohammad val has more from syria. >> this is what he has reiterated since the beginning of the war. he has accused saudi arabia of being a country nefarious to the future and presence of yemen, and we have seen that he has tried to drive the wedge between the yemenis and saudi arabia, always warning the yemenis that saudis are a source of danger, not a country that would like to take care of yemen. it's interesting to see him lumping america, saudi arabia
and al qaeda in one front, that is, according to him, against the yemen interests, and against himself as houthis. the other thing is he sent a message to southern yemen saying "we are not against you, we are not here to harm your interests and believe us. help us, if you stand with us we'll do as we always did, we will support your cause, and you'll have autonomy. that is dangerous in the eyes of some yemenis, who see it as seeking a compromise, a kind of pact with the south that if you support us, and breakaway from abd-rabbu mansour hadi, maybe you'll have your goals as - you'll succeed from the north, we'll allow that." in south africa a call for tolerance, the largest catholic church held a special service calling for an end to xenophobia. south africa saw a series of
violent attacks against foreigners blaming them for high unemployment saying they are taking their jobs. mobs of people attacked shops owned by immigrants. today ministers called for peace and solidarity. >> it seems we have forgotten quickly where we were and where we come from and the countries people are from the countries that we are persecuting and want to kick out from our country, they are the people that housed us educated us, looked after us when we were - when we needed help during the apartheid years. in recent weeks six have been killed 300 suspects arrested for xenophobic attacks cuba held municipal elections and for the first time since the 1959 revolution opposition candidates were on the ballot. the dissidents are two of 27,000 candidates running for seats around the country. both are from the same neighbourhood in havana. the vote is less than two weeks
after the historic meting twine havana and cuban president raul castro in venezuela, another day and another show of force. on saturday president nicolas maduro personally accepted the delivery of 30 military planes from austria, using the occasion to praise the venezuela military as an anti-imperialist force. nicolas maduro says he's working to strengthen the country's defenses next, more on the sombre anniversary. remembering the oklahoma city bombing 20 years later, and some lessons learnt from that tragic day. stay with us.
the flames spread faster than usual due to the drought. 800 firefighters are battling the fire it's been 20 years since the oklahoma city bombing. on this day in 1995 two u.s. army veterans attacked a building with a car pom. it killed 168 people, including 19 children. >> our grandfather... david jack walker drove a valdez. leyora lee cell. lani lee david ... hundreds gathered to commemorate the anniversary. bill clinton was president when the attack happened and speak directly to the victim's families. >> i prepared for this day yesterday in new york by taking hillary to see our daughter and son-in-law and my about to be
7-month-old grandchild. and hillary clinton and i bathed her and fed her and put her to bed. and i looked at her in that crib so i can remember how you felt those of you who lost your loved ones. >> del walters was an anchor in washington and was in oklahoma city the night of the explosion. what do you remember? >> i remember getting there, getting there in time for the evening broadcast. what struck me the most was as you drove you thought you were getting close to where the explosion happened yet you drove and drove, and the further you drove the more you understand that this was something horrible that happened. as journalists do you go on autopilot where you cover the story. it wasn't until later that night i saw the devastation, and the damage to the building. it was massive. that struck me the most knowing that at that time nothing like this had happened in the u.s.
>> so you went back on the first anniversary. what kind of a change, real change did you see. not just physically but emotionally, mentally with the people living there? >> you saw people stalk in that moment of time. i realise as i look back, that for oklahoma city they are trapped on the day in 1995, saying he looked at chelsea wanting to remember, and i woke up and saw the commemorations and realised that i, too, am stuck in that time because it was a devastating attack on the u.s. what else do you have coming up at 8 o'clock. >> it's amazing that we look at oklahoma city but also the 5 year anniversary of the bp gulf disaster, and five years later still are assessing the damage to the environment and the people and whether they've been able to rebuild, and what bp
in tonight's fragile planet report a modern convenience is a burden the plastic single serve coffee cup that looks like this is in millions of homes and businesses. full disclosure we have them in the office. these pods are not recyclable and that says the man who invented them filled with regret. great. >> what are you dinking. >> dunkin' donuts uses them. soldiers uses them. you probably use them. these single serve coffee pods
known as k cups are everywhere. available in practically every flavour of your favourite coffee bringing shops like starbucks into your own home. every year nearly 10 billion k cups are sold around the world. so many they could circle the globe more than 12 times. one of men that invented this phenomenon says he wishes he never had. >> if i turned back the clock and looked at what happened and said this will be a problem 20 years from now, i would not have done it that way, but a different way. >> reporter: what is the problem? even though they are plastic, they are not recyclable. >> at what point did you realise it was a plastic that was non-recyclable. >> day one. >> reporter: john was barely in his 20s, when he and a friend concocted a prototype of the single serve coffee. >> i don't think people thought about recycling.
>> reporter: the thought didn't hit him until a couple of years ago. >> it wasn't until i was in a grocery score and everyone had them. you could take every stadium and fill them up top from bottom. >> this is a composite plastic that can't be recon cycled with normal plastics. it's engineered for certain properties. >> reporter: christopher is an organic chemist and science and blames the waste on the type of plastic the inventors chose. >> they'll take several hundreds to thousand years to degrade. there's a point where they'll leech into the water systems. >> reporter: but that plastic keeps the coffee grounds air tight and withstanding high heat pressure and hot water. while the k cup is not entirely
recyclable, there is a way. >> try and remove the foil part of this filter. >> to recycle some of the parts. >> there was paper there going to the garden or the compost bin. >> but you have to pull it apart. >> i don't know that the average person would do that. >> reporter: those willing to separate the foil and coffeeee ground local facilities accepting the cups are slim. they are only recyclable in a handful of cities in canada. it is why many of these end up at transfer stations. they are processed like any other pieces of track on the way to america's landfills. >> depicting a monster made out of k cups scorching the earth and space shifts like k cups shooting at people this dramatis the concern that k cups
are destroying the environment. made by an activist group, it acted up 7,000 views on youtube since january. >> please no more. >> i loved it, it's great. it's a good point. again, you know it's a problem you fix it. >> inside the k-cup inventors home you will not find a machine or k-cup. he says the recycling problem is an easy fix. but in a statement it said:. >> i don't think it should take five years, it should not take five years to fix the problem. >> that is not his problem. he sold his share of the company years ago. is it a crisis of conscience after cashing in on the idea. he says he sold his part of the company for $50,000, long before it caught on of the he bought
shares of it later on. you made significant money if you bought as low as $3, $4 and sold at $140 a share. >> do the maths. >> reporter: would you create this again if you could? >> yes. because, again i can't see 20 years into the future. if i could turn back the task 20 years, i might not, but, you know at the time you are 25, you want to do something. and you do it. would i do it better? yes, i would do it better sill van brewed up a new idea to redeem himself, so he says. creating solar panels attaching to the side of the house and absorb sun light to heat a home. finally this hour dozens of animals rescued from circuses in peru get a helping hand from the peruvian military. the animals were flown 600] miles by the air force to an
animal sanctuary in the jungle. it was a long day for the animals, but they can relax in their permanent new home. she got a hug from a monkey. i'm erica pitzi in new york. the news continues with dal walters. how are you doing. thank you, i'm del walters in new york. the news continues with a look at the top stories. a growing humanitarian crisis. calls for actions. hundreds lost at sea as a boat capsizes off the coast of libya. i.s.i.l. makes gains in anbar, tens of thousands flee, putting pressure on baghdad. >> we are struggling for the recognition of armenian genocide for justice. >> the armenian ambassador to the u.s. sharing thoughts on genocide. and tomorrow the 5-year anniversary of the bp, in