♪ egypt's former president mohamed morsi gets 20 years in jail. ♪ hello, i'm sammy and you are watching al jazeera and next on the show pressure grows for a ceasefire in yemen as fighting rages in aiden and ties. italian coast guard said it rescued another 400 migrants from the mediterranean sea and blink and you will miss it japan's train breaks the world speed record.
♪ now egypt's former president mohamed morsi has been sentenced to 20 years in prison. morsi was egypt's first democratically elected president and toppled in a military coup in 2013. his sentence relates to the deaths of demonstrators in 2012 and acquitted of inciting murder but instead was convicted of ordering the arrest and torture of protesters. 12 muslim brotherhood members also got 20 years. and we go to the university in new york and in the studio and good to have you with us, looking at what happened what do you expect the reverberations to be to the sentence? >> nobody can predict the kind
of reaction about that verdict. of course i believe that the supporters of president, former president morsi and the sympathizers and members of the brotherhood, they are not very happy with this verdict, although i'm sure that they expected even worse verdict. >> do you think people in general see justice as being done or justice being preverted? >> in light of resent developments i guess the people who see justice being served by such sentence are minimal these days but majority either who voice their opinion or who opted to silence, be silenced, they don't feel -- they are not quite sure about the future of egypt in light of all these bad verdicts and on such bogus
trials. >> we've seen a lot of sentences issued here not only against mohamed morsi and not only against muslim brotherhood but seen a crack down on some of the liberal activists members of the april 6th movement and the list goes on and on what does it say about the state of democracy of activism or is it sort of ideals of the egyptian revolution right now? >> i'm sorry, i didn't get you, did you ask about the state of democracy in egypt? >> that is right. >> it's a great idea. >> you don't see problems. >> it's a good or great idea in egypt but has nothing to do with reality reality. >> what is going on. >> what is happening in egypt actually is unprecedented in the history, not only in the history of egypt but in the world history. i mean it's such cases have been made up and, you know the trials and the way they are
conducted, it's really unbelievable. >> how do these sentences, the egyptian prosecutors will say of course they were prosecuting morsi for deaths of protesters accountability for that but how do these compare to what they say is lack of accountability for the protesters in sisi arra and indeed mobarack era? >> the absence of transparency and absence of democracy absence of justice in egypt. and this is very ominous and it also tells us that the political life has been murdered. >> constitutional? >> what? >> i mean the fact we have a democratic elected president now being jailed for 20 years. >> of course it's
unconstitutional. even the constitution stipulates a certain procedure to be followed in trying a president. these procedures have not been observed have not been followed so it's totally unconstitutional but what is constitutional in egypt nowadays? >> all right, some very strong thoughts there, thank you very much. u.n. says it needs $30 million in aid for palestinians stuck in a syrian refugee camp and the camp near damascus is mainly controlled by i.s.i.l. following intense fighting earlier this month, humanitarian situation there is being described as desperate. it was sent in 1967 for palestinian refugees. there has been more heavy fighting in yemen, iran president calling for immediate ceasefire and his comments came after an air strike in the capitol sanaa hit dangerously close to iran embassy shattering, in fact, the windows
and we will go to the saudi border. the other statement that is interesting, mohamed, is the deputy foreign minister of iran saying he expects or optimistic of a ceasefire tuesday, any signs that that might happen from where you are? >> well no signs on the ground but don't know what is going on behind the scenes diplomatically speaking. probably he is talking with the saudis in a way that is not announced to the world, but at least from the signs of what is happening on the ground fighting is raging the air strikes are continuing, iran has severely condemned the latest air strike by the saudi coalition and fighter jets near their embassy in sanaa, they call the saudi affair in tehran to express condemnation and iran been calling for a ceasefire since the beginning of this war and they have tabled a four-point proposal for a resolution to the
conflict but it was rejected by the saudis because according to the saudis it is short of the necessary pressure on houthis to withdraw from aiden and from sanaa and reverse their coup on the elected government abd rabbuh mansur hadi and moved war ships near the port of aiden which is an interest waterway for traffic of oil and has reaction by the americans and also sent war ships there. iran is accused by saudi arabia of fighting with the houthis, the shia rebel minority in yemen. they say the houthis are waging a proxy war for the interest of iran for iran, germany on that sunni majority country blocking the southern border of saudi arabia so it's a dangerous situation there because iran even though it's not on the border with yemen, for the saudis and allies in the gulf iran play a dangerous role in
yemen. >> mohamed thanks so much for that. a car bombing killed at least four people in somali capitol and it ran in a restaurant and exploded and soldiers are among the dead and happened near the central hotel which al-shabab fighters attacked in february killing more than a dozen people. more than 400 asylum seekers have been rescued off the coast of italy, the group was found by a fishing boat about 100 kilometers south and the ship they were on was leaking. and charges have been brought against the captain of another ship that sank on monday with 800 people on board. paul brennan has the latest from the sicily port city. >> reporter: details appear to be that the tunisia captain together with the ship's mate from that boat which went down late on saturday night or the ship's mate we understand is syrian and charged with
facilitating or promoting illegal immigration and i think the actual word is favoring but the closest translation is facilitating and essentially shorthand that is people trafficking but the serious charge is a charge of reckless multiple homicide and it's clear the authorities here particularly given international pressure there has been to try to tackle people trafficking over the past week keen to be seen to do something as quickly possible to sent the message out to the people trafficicics and if they are could they will be dealt with the courts. 27 survivors from the shipwreck off libya coast on sunday, just a few of the many who do make it across the mediterranean and for majority of those when they do reach europe it's a struggle for survivor el and phil met one man in rome who made the treacherous journey from libya. >> reporter: for migrants crossing mediterranean sea it's a journey that represents a new life, a new start and joseph got
that new life five years ago. >> we enter italian water. >> reporter: joseph had to get out of ghanna and made his way to libya where people smugglers put him on a boat for a price, destination, lampadusa. >> the first time i was lucky. the first time the promise made joe, you are moving today. i went there and they didn't take me. they say that the boat is full so i have to go. but one or two days i saw the boat sank on the sea. all of the people died. >> so you had a narrow escape? >> yes, i mean the people they were about 125 passengers and
people and all of them died and sank including the boat. >> reporter: but the boat he did board got in trouble and had to be rescued. joseph still remembers vividly the moment he arrived in europe. >> people, they were very kind to us. they were happy to receive us and we all happy about them so they sent us to lampadusa for about four days to check us medication and everything and they treat us after that they took us instead and we came to rome. >> reporter: but life has not been as kind as he had hoped. joseph takes odd jobs where he can. he barely gets by. >> i struggle to get money to feed myself. >> you struggle to eat? >> yes, struggle to eat. and in italy they have a special
room here and the jobs have been limited. there is little jobs whereby people are working, if you are lucky you get some job. if you are not lucky you just pray one day somebody will call you to come and work for them. >> reporter: and he has a message for those driven to risk their lives to get to europe. >> better for them to stop coming so i tell them stay where they are. >> reporter: the words of a man who has been there, is there now, but words that many will ignore, so desperate are they for that new start. phil with al jazeera, rome. lots more to come on al jazeera including an al jazeera exclusive where this a meeting al-shabab offered ten-day amnesty by the government and where good cars go to day and the connection between shanghai smog and this scrap yard.
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>> al jazeera's investigative unit has tonight's exclusive report. >> stories that have impact. that make a difference. that open your world. >> this is what we do. >> america tonight. tuesday through friday. 10:00 eastern. only on al jazeera america. ♪ welcome back let's recap the headquarters on al jazeera a cairo court sentenced former egyptian president mohamed morsi to 20 years in prison he was convicted of ordering the arrest and torture of protesters. italian coast guard rescued another 400 people off the coast of italy the captain of the ship on sunday sank with over 800 people on board is charged with reckless multiple homicide. a car bombing has killed at
least four people in the somali capitol and the vehicle apparently rammed into a busy restaurant in the capitol and exploded. somali soldiers are reportedly among the dead. kenya government is offering a ten-day amnesty for new al-shabab fighters to hand themselves in somali based group which carried out attacks in kenya is thought to be recruiting heavily and mohamed has this exclusive report from the somalia town on efforts to stop al-shabab. >> reporter: between kenya and somalia, this is a malitia of the newly created administration, part of an international effort to build somalia from the grass roots up. they are on the look out for out of under growth by smugglers and armed group to cross back and forth between kenya and somalia undetected undetected.
>> translator: the border is 700 kilometers long and cannot patrol it on foot and lack vehicles and try our best to cover all smuggling routes. >> reporter: they are a few kilometers from the border and over the years they suffered a point for those coming from far and near who want to join al-shabab and the group lost control of the town three years ago but still operate in the thickest outside of it these men are trying to shun the image of the town for al-shabab and they arrested some al-shabab members and he is a kenya national and al-shabab member. >> translator: i was arrested while buying food. i was in charge of logistics and conduct role calls for fighters and distributed uniforms and recruited in al-shabab a year ago by a relative once in i had no way of backing out as anyone who tried to escape was killed. >> reporter: mohamed used to operate in the al-shabab training camp 60 kilometers from
the port city the camp is under the command of mohamed also known as the man that kenya say is the under mine of the attack which al-shabab gunmen killed 148 people. >> translator: it's a huge camp. there are about 300 fighters both foreigners and somalis and actives are to carrying out attacks in kenya. >> reporter: we met youth arrested on their way to join al-shabab and they are from the central tunisia. >> translator: we were heading to far away when we were arrested and given a map by recruiter and names of cities we were to pass through to get to our destination and we run out of phones and decided to go on foot once we entered somalia. >> reporter: for now the kenya trained and equipped troops celebrate their modest gains.
they say they will need more support to effectively secure the border and hopefully live up to kenya's dream of getting a buffer zone to shield its territory from lawless somalia. mohamed with al jazeera, somalia. and south africa defense minister says his country will deploy the army in johannesburg township with a wave of attacks against foreigners that left at least seven people dead and hundreds of zimbabwe who fled violence in south africa returning home and harry spoke to some of the families heading back. >> reporter: families have been on the road for about 24 hours and as you can imagine they are very hungry and now in zimbabwe and getting food, the first meal in a long time. zimbabwe say food made meals cooked with water and getting vegetables as well and a bit of meat and they are saying that
they fled south africa and 407 crossed the border into zimbabwe and the first batch of people brought in by the zimbabwe government. so for the evening they are going to finish their meals and then sleep for the night and in the morning they are going to see if they can head back to their families across zimbabwe. when you ask them why they decided to leave they have terrible stories of what they went through, how they are afraid as african migrants they will be targeted by people and feel some of them have been taken with their jobs. >> a bomb and we must go. so when we knew they were coming we were now with other people. >> translator: i left durban because of people and they kill the foreigners that is why i left. >> reporter: reception center accommodate up to 1,000 families
and here they are registered and verified and checked to make sure they are zimbabwe citizens and those who are sick are taken to a nearby medical facility. zimbabwe government says more buses expected in a couple days from south africa and important to mention that a lot of people in south africa left the country, left zimbabwe because they thought they couldn't make ends meet economically in zimbabwe and went to look for jobs and some say they were fleeing political persecution but general for most of them and 3 million zimbabwe are living in south africa and not all of them are going to come home. this is voluntary and the government says those who do not feel safe at the moment because of attacks they are free to come home but many others are deciding to stay and wait it out, hoping the violence over there dies out. in guinea soldiers have taken control of the capitol after confrontations with protesters. one policeman and several protesters have been injured and
weeks of demonstrations over a disputed election timetable. three days of mourning have begun in ethiopia for nearly 30 of people murdered by i.s.i.l. in libya, friends and relatives of some of the victims gathered in the capitol on monday and karen malone has more. >> reporter: there are few words to express this kind of pain, and was one of the dozens of ethiopia christians killed by i.s.i.l. in libya and friends and family gathered on monday to mourn his death. but it has not fully sunk in yet. >> translator: i have never seen such a barbarick act and shocked and ruthless and cannot think of him being slaughtered, how can a horrible act happen to human kind how, why? >> reporter: a video was posted online on sunday which appears to show i.s.i.l. fighters in
libya be heading and shooting ethiopiaen and we will not show the video but family seen it and the brother hard about what happened on facebook. >> translator: stories are great and we are very sad, all these people you see are not only neighbors but ethiopia people from every corner to give condolence and grieve with us and came here after they saw the post on facebook against the act against fellow citizens when a human is slaughtered like a sheep it's horrific. >> reporter: with his close friend and neighbor and call their families regularly as they travel to sudan and libya together. they had hoped to get on a boat to europe and start a new life. their friends say there are no good job opportunities in ethiopia. and they stopped calling a month ago. and the fate of these two young men who hoped for so much more has become horribly clear, caroline caroline malone al jazeera. dutch police arrested a man
suspected of involvement in a fire at the british emergency in the hague, firefighters say the blaze is under control and nobody has been hurt. 93-year-old known as the accountant is on trial for his involvement in the murder of 300,000 holocaust victims during world war ii and he admits to serving as a guard for the nazis in the death camp but says he didn't commit any crimes. he faces a 15 year sentence if found guilty and currently 11 pending investigations against former guards. south korea's prime minister offered to resign after being accused of taking bribes. lee denies the allegation and he accepted illegal campaign funds from the businessmen jong and he was found dead hanging from a tree earlier this month in an apparent suicide. lee apparently received $28,000 from him when he was trying to get reelected in 2013.
china's biggest city shanghai is preparing to introduce a new law to force polluted vehicles off the road. exhaust fumes have been blamed for the country's worsening air quality and new law in effect on may the first. and china correspondent brown reports. >> reporter: business is slow at this second-hand car market. so traders go away playing cards or board games. they really are for the board. he had a dealership for eight years but he fears he may soon have to close as others have done done. >> translator: actually a lot of people in this business have disappeared because it is now so hard to do business. >> reporter: demand for second-hand as well as new cars took a hit from an earlier government decision to restrict car sales to tackle worsening air pollution problems. now the authorities are going a
step further, cars that fail to meet new exhaust emissions standards will be taken off the road even if they are only a few years old. >> translator: we hope they can be more relaxed on car emissions and issue more license plates. >> reporter: both owners and dealers want the government to raise compensation rates for decommissioned cars. and this is where many of those vehicles end up it is shanghai's biggest scrap yard for cars but the officials here have is a problem. because of the sheer volume of vehicles now being dumped here they are running out of space. the problem is piling up. between 40-50 vehicles arrive here everyday. 90% having failed the test. but thousands of other condemned cars are still on the road having been sold on to owners and nearby towns and cities where the new restrictions don't
apply. so for now avoiding this fate. adrian brown, al jazeera, shanghai. you won't find this piling up anywhere if manufacturers can help it and first brought the bullet train and japan have broken the speed record for the second time in a week and did it with a high-tech train that literally floats on air. technology editor explains how. >> reporter: on a test track west of tokyo japan super conducting train that is 603 kilometers an hour doing so it breaks the world train speed record. >> translator: this train is set up the same way as we use it commercially and comfort has improved and i think the test should lead to stable commercial use in the future. >> reporter: part of a plan to
build a $47 billion high speed line between tokyo and if completed as planned in 2027 the 280 kilometers can be traveled in around 40 minutes. >> when they cross over 500 kilometers an hour do make a lot of noise and having them deep under ground and talk about at least 40 meters under ground and it's thought they are out of the way and once under ground you don't have to worry about trying to navigate around corner and so on because you can draw a tract point to point and have almost a straight line. >> reporter: if you played with magnets you know opposite poles attract and light poles repel each other and this is the idea behind behind behind magnets in the track and train lift 10 off the ground and push it along and riding on a cushion of air there is little friction and a smooth ride and potentially very fast. japan is hoping to sell its
high-speed train technology to the u.s. last april they took a ride with u.s. ambassador carolyn kennedy and pushed to find overseas customers for some research and development cost and china to sell high speed train technology some of which originally came from japan. >> although the germans also have a system it's starting to look the japaneeze may be in the lead in technology and so on and slightly superior and i think japan is thinking this is where we can really be pushing forward and have an advantage over other countries. >> reporter: but some critics say the technology remains too expensive, power intensive and potentially unsafe, they say an event like an earthquake could knock it off line and at such high speeds would have a devastating effect but japanese engineers say the early warning system can deal with this and continuing tests can improve the safety and efficiency of the new
generation of trains, al jazeera. a bit more of trains if you head over to our website you can see the front page there with the lead story we have been following the situation in egypt, all that for you there on al jazeera.com. >> fallout from a catastrophe at sea. hundreds die, 27 survive when a ship goes down in the mediterranean. two survivors are under arrest this morning. >> protests on the streets of baltimore after the death of a black man in police custody. what the department is now doing in an attempt to calm the critics. >> come on,