the captain of the capsized ship in which 800 migrants died. also coming up, egypt former president is sentenced to 20 years in prison for the torture of protestors. >> more explosions as the saudi led coalition continues it's air campaign. and the east of australia hit by the fiercest storm in a decade.
others continue to mount up. this time more than 400 have been rescued off the coast ofistly, fond by a fishing boat. this is just the latest of a serying of distressing stories. arrested in italy on manslaughter charges after the ship on which he was the man in charge, was carrying more than 800 people sank off the coast on sunday. on monday, a ship carrying asylum seekers smashing into the rocks off the greek island. three people dying there, two syrian men now charged with trafficking and on the same day the italian and coast guard scrambled to respond to distress calls from their source in libya or off the coast, carrying hundreds of people. well on monday, four children
as we told you were among 44 african migrants rescued by spanish emergency services. barnabie phillips has the latest now on the southern italian island of sicily. and still they keep on coming now matter how dangerous the journey. >> the wooden boat leaking all they can do is appeal for help. an italian boat found them just in time. in sicily, meanwhile, the authorities are hoping the few frightened men of a overcrowded boat off the libyan coast in the early hours of sunday morning. the initial stories of the scale of that disaster have turned out to be horribly accurate. >> they have now interviewed most of the survivors of the boat tragedy in the mediterranean, according to them the boat departed from
tripoli and libya on saturday morning it had some 850 people on board many were children, aening mo those onboard were some 350. ivory coast and ethiopia. >> italian prosecutors say this man mohamed was the captain of the boat. charged with reckless homicide and causing a ship wreck. another suspected member has also been arrested. mohamed on the right is from libya. and more details are emerging as to how so many people died. >> migrants were crushed inside the fishing boat, that wasn't small, it was at least 23 meters long.
another several hundred were closed into the second level. under the cover there were another 100 migrants. >> here in silly and across europe, there's a lot of sympathy for the victims of this disasser and the widespread outrage at the activities of the gangs. put the european governments have disagreed for years on ways to prevent these disasters at sea. and on ways to prevent more people from risking the perilous journey across the mediterranean. >> and the problem goes far beyond italian waters. further west off the coast of spain, four africans rescued by coast guards that come from morocco on a wooden boat. some too exhausted to walk ashore, some so young they may not remember how they arrived here.
they keep on coming, just give us an idea of what life is like for the people who are working so hard in other places around the italian coast to try and save these people do their best for them? >> well, when you talk to some of the groups it's clear that their work is very very harrowing. we were talking to some people who were on the scene in the waters off libya on sunday morning. pulling bodies out of the sea and pulling frightened people out of the sea and their stories are devastating etch p they spoke about how they pulled someone out of the sea his eyes wide open, with fear, they thought he in fact was a corpse. and then he reached out to them and grabbed them, and
that was they realized that he was in fact alive. >> think you are pulling a body out. >> these kind of stories you will hear them if you talk to the coast guard. >> exactly. and you will hear these stories you will hear them in sicily from geek coast guards and spanish coast quarts. >> when it comes to the arrest of the two people we have seen today, it is just a fraction of the number of people who are involved in this terrible business. and it slows how difficult it is to get to the root of the problem. >> it does, yes. i am sure the italian authorities are pleased that they believe they have their hands on the captain. he will appear before a court in somewhere. we believe on friday. to that extent, he is
potentially an important culprit. we will have to see but i don't think that there's any illusions really, as to the origins of the problem. primarily, libya at the moment. very powerful gain. very difficult to track down, in a law less country that is beyond the reach of any european authority at this point this time. so yes, it is important to capture people at sea to make them appear before legal processes here in italy and in other parts of europe. but it doesn't deal with the problem at the source, and that is a chronic problem of political instability and it goes way beyond that. you only have to hear that official from the u.n.h.c.r. in my report, talking about how the people onboard that boat on sunday morning came
from countries as far apart as sierra leone in the west. >> barnabie we will leave it there for now barnabie phillips in sicily. mohamed morrissey has been sentenced to 20 years in prison. he was the country's first democratically elected president, but was brought down in a military coupe in 2013. his verdict is the first that he has received since he was ousted he still though face as number of other trials. >> mohamed. >> mohamed morrissey escaped the death penalty he has been sentenced to 20 years in prison without the possibility of parole, the for what the prosecution says was his role arrest in the arrests of protestors at the presidential
palace in 2012. >> he can still appeal this conviction but he also faces several other charges inclouding an attempt out of prison break in 2011 where some prison officers were killed a verdict on this is expectedfection month. in connection with the brotherhood economic and social program he also charged with insulting the judiciary were also sentenced to 20 years. it was a long road to egyptian democracy, in 2011, he was quicked out of office during a revolution against his rule. then in a devicive election in 2012, morrissey became the first democratically elected president, but the
celebrations wouldn't last long. he angered many egyptians by issuing ask order that prevented any court from overturning his decisions. that led to violence on the streets with opponents denouncing president morrissey as a dictator and a new farrow. he sacked the head of the new fors escalating a power struggle. >> i guess a decision has been taken by the military, before running this election, the first democratic election. fair elections. that at a certain point the military would intervene and take over. >> on june 30th, 2013 millions of people rallied across egypt calling for his regular us nation. three days later man who morrissey appointed as the defense minister, led a coupe that removed h imfrom power. although the defends in this
first trial were acquitted of intent to murder an sentence against the first democratically elected president, is seen as a big plow to the muslim brotherhood and it's supporters. >> al jazeera. >> saudi arabia has ordered it's national guard to reinforce the country's border with yemen. pictures here have spoke about the capitol 25 people we were told when a massive blast flattened buildings there. the allies continue to target houthis rebels of a group a month now almost. a movement on an u.s. aircraft carrier is to ensure freedom of naff face. and we might expect some news on that, from the daily press briefing by a spokesman for the saudi led coalition.
this is -- we will take you there as soon as brigadier general usually it is him, as soon as he appears in front of the microphones. let's go to mohamed in the meantime monitoring developments. about 100-kilometers inside saudi arabia, away protestor the border, tell us about the reason why they feel it is necessary to mobilize. probably 100,000 members of the national guard on top of a standing army, of possibly a quarter of a million. >> yes, they have never glymph official figures of their orem, but that's not the issue here the thing is that we should see this as a very important move, a significant sign that the saudis are feeling much more pressure on their troops along the border. they have already deployed quite a huge number of troops we have seen that with our own eyes last week, when we visited the border.
we have heard of clashes continuing and escalating on the border, last night and today and probably that could be linked with this order today to the saudi -- this new army of saudi arabia which is considers the elite. it is a parallel army, it is not part of the army of the defense which is on air and sea,en is land, those are different. the national guard is the elite army it has always been separated by it's own ministry it was under the leadership of the late king. and that's a sign of it's importance and now they are sending -- that's a sign of the fact that they feel they have do jeffing they can to protect the saudi boarder. several soldiers have been kills over the last three
weeks and they don't want that to be repeated and they have been reports during the last few days of the houthis are moving some of their fighters and some of the heavy artillery toward the saudi border and they don't like that to cause any hurt to their troops. >> just to remind our viewers we will go straight to the saudi coalition press conference as soon as the general appears on our screens. we won't very long to do that, still to come anyway. a 93-year-old man on trial for allegedly killing 300,000 people during the second world war. trying out a hi-tech trailer. on air very fast indeed.
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>> looks like a slightly a lot smaller tree than that one has deflected. rat the famous beach the waves were much less welcoming than normal. damaging property along the coastline. there is now doubt this is a very severe event. clearly the consequences are significant. and so it is clear that we are in the midst of a very changing time. >> authorities warmed the worst of the storm may not be over with more flooding expected al jazeera. >> the 93-year-old man has
gone on trial in germany for his alleged role in the deaths of 300,000 people. serves in a mazsy departed auschwitz said he didn't commit even crimes but admitted he feels morally guilty. if convicted he faced up to 15 years in prison. there are currently 11 on going investigations against former auschwitz guards. one of the survivors is at the trial, and actually met oscar face to face in court. he has a lot of difficulties physically and emotionally and i am sure mentally. so i think that in one respect, maybe functioning at that level, he is doing his very best. >> the government says lit be
a ten day amnesty for new fighters to hand themselves over. the somali based group after killing 1008 people earlier on this month. this exclusive report from the somali town. on patrol of the border between kenya and somalia. s this the militia of somalia's newly created. part of an international effort to build somalia from the grass roots up. they are on the look out for roots out of the undergrowth and armed groups to cross back and forth between kenya and somalia and the territories. >> the boardser long, it is 700-kilometers long, we cannot patrol it on foot, we try our best to cover all the routs. >> the militia men are paced in the town a few kilometers from the border. other the years they have
suffered for those coming from far and near, who want to join. the group lost control of the town some three years ago but they are still afraid. >> these men say this trying to shun the image of their town being a rout for al-shabaab. in recent months -- no ma'am had is a kenyan national, and an al-shabaab member. >> i was arrested while buying food. i was in charge of logistics i also used to conduct role calls for the fighters and distributed uniforms. i was recruited into al-shabaab a year ago by a relative once again i had no way of backing out as anyone who tried to escape was killed. >> he used to operate in the training camp. 60-kilometers from the port city. the camp is under the command of mohamed also known as gamadi the the center of the attack. in which al-shabaab gunman
killed 148 people. it is a huge camp. almost all of the activities of the camp are gears towards carrying out attacks. >> we also met two youth arrested while on their way to join al-shabaab. they are from the central province. we were heading far away when we were arrested. we were given a map of the cities to pass through we had run out of funds and decided to go on foot. >> for now the kenyan trained troops celebrate their modest gains. >> they say they will need more support to effectively secure the border and hopefully live up to kenya's dream of getting a battle zone
to share it's territory from law less somalia. mohamed al jazeera, somalia. >> there has been a deadly explosion in afghanistan second biggest city, three dead a bomb near in police station. at least 17 people were hurt, several police officers among them there's been no claim of responsibility so far. india says it has made one of it's biggest ever drug busts. $15 million worth of narcotics. the navy and coast card seized over 250-kilos of heroin, from pakistanny drug traffickers aboard a boat on the arabian sea. the biggest cities second biggest -- or the biggest city in shanghai is getting ready to introduce a law to get vehicles off the roads.
they are already feeling the effects adrian brown reports. >> christmas is slow at this second hand car market, so traders while away the day playing board games. there really are for the bored. >> johnny has had a dealership for eight years but he fears he may soon have to close as others have actually a lot of people in this business disappear, because it is so hard to do business demand for second hand took a hit from an earlier decision to restrict car sales for worsening air pollution problems. now the authorities are going a step further.
cars that don't meet standards will be taken off the road. only if they are a few years old. >> we hope the carman can be more relaxed on emissions. >> both owners and dealers want the government to raise compensation rates for decommissioned cars. this is where. >> othe vehicles end up, but the officials here have a problem, because of the sheer volume, they are running out of space. the problem is piling up. between 40 and 50 vehicles arrive here every day. 90% have failed the test. >> but thousands or other condemned cars are still on the road, having been sold on to nearby towns and cities where the new restrictions don't apply. so for now avoiding this
fate. now in south korea the prime minister has offered to resign after being accused of taking bribes. he was found dead hanging from a tree earlier this month from an apparent suicide. they did it with a hi-tech train that floats on air. our technology editor explains. >> on a test track 603-kilometers an hour. >> this train is the same way as it will be used commercially the comfort of passengers at the high speed
has improved and i think these should lead to stable use in the future. between tokyo -- it is completed as planned in 2027, the 280-kilometers could be traveled in 40 minutes. having it deep under ground it is thought they are out of the way, you don't have to worry about nafating around corners because you can draw a traffic point to point, and almost have an exact straight line. >> this is the idea, powerful super conducting magnets lift it, about. centimeters off the drowned and then another set of electromagnets push it along because it is riding on a accusation of air there's little friction, this makes
eight smooth ride, and potentially very fast. japan is also selling the high speed train technology to the u.s. with u.s. ambassador to japan. overseas customers is an attempt to recover some of it's research and development costs. it is also a response to china's efforts to sell high speed train technology, some of which originally came from japan. >> although the germans also have a system, it is starting to look as those the japanese may be slightly in the need of their technology, and may be slightly superior, i think japan is thinking this is where they can push forward and have afternoon advantage over other countries. >> some say the technology remain tuesday expensive power intensive and potentially unsafe. they say an event like an earthquake could knock the train off the line, and at such high speeds it would have a devastating effects. but engineers say they early
warning system can deal with this, and the continuing tests will prove the safety and efficiency of this new generation of trains. more on that and all the floral headlines if you go to aljazeera.com. now one ship's captain is being charged with homicide. sentenced for the arrest and torture of protestors. and demonstrations after the death