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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 22, 2015 10:00am-10:31am EDT

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knew strikes in aden despite saudi arabia announcing the end of its air campaign in yemen. ♪ hello, this is al jazeera, live from doha also ahead -- >> i was underwater for five minutes thinking god, god, god. >> we hear from one of the survivors of the ship that sank with over 800 people off of the coast of libya and we'll be speaking to the u.n. envoy to libya. iraqi forces slowly advance
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to try to retake an area from isil. and the fight is on to rid the world of mustard gas a century after it was used on the killing fields of world war i. ♪ the saudi-lead coalition has launched more strikes in yemen, despite an announcement that the air campaign is over. fighter jets struck houthi targets in ta'izz and aden. while the head of saudi arabia's naval unit has told al jazeera that they are also increasing security at the border. >> of course we're upgrading our capabilities and our operations we are increasing our battalions monitoring the borderline all along, of course and the rest of the area. >> a houthi activist says the
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saudi-lead coalition has failed in its mission. >> the main goal was to restore hadi's legitimacy but at the end, they only -- as they mentioned they only secured the security of the -- the gulf nations, which they have changed their goals. and hadi is still in saudi arabia and the yemeni army are advancing everywhere. >> mohamed vall has more now from the saudi yemeni border. >> reporter: for those who thought the announcement yesterday night by the coalition, is the end of the war, they might be disappointed today. that saudi arabia and its allies have launched a series of strikes. one was a few hours after the announcement of the end of the war, and that was in aden when tanks in possession of the
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houthis were seen moving to areas from which they were expelled a few days ago, in the coastal line of aden where the presidential palace is located the house of president hadi and also some government buildings. and also in ta'izz today air strikes against houthi fighters when they tried to take the base of brigade 35 which is loyal to president hadi. and that's exactly what the saudis warned of when they announced the end of the first phase of this war, which they call decisive storm and the beginning of the new face which is refused hope. they said now we are on stand by and now we are going to take action only when it is necessary, and when the houthis try to stage attacks against loyalists of president hadi. iran meanwhile has welcomed the saudi decision to end air strikes in yemen, but the
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iranian foreign minister added that though air strikes tarnished saudi arabia's image in the region. the speaker said saudi arabia hadn't achieved its goals. iran has been accused of backing houthi fighters in yemen. the united nations says that more than 113,000 people have now fled the fighting in the iraqi city of ramadi in anbar province. is there have been intense battles there in the past two weeks. aid agencies are warning that many of the displaced have nowhere to go. omar has more from baghdad. >> reporter: the iraqi government says it's forces are making gains in ramadi by pushing out isil fighters from areas surrounding the government compound in ramadi. they also pushed isil from areas isil controlled in the last 72 hours and mainly in the eastern part of ramadi and that's because of a number of reasons
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including reinforcements send by baghdad, and air strikes by the international coalition, as well as the iraqi air force. on the other hand the humanitarian situation for the people there is getting worse. the number of people who fled ramadi and the vournding areas has reached more than 113,000 people according to the u.n. they live in tough conditions in areas of baghdad on the outskirts of baghdad. meanwhile there has been a car bomb in baghdad, and also a roadside bomb in the area to the east of baghdad. there were a number of people killed and dozen injured; thousands of ethiopians have protested against the treatment of ethiopian christians by isil. our correspondent reports. >> reporter: people's grief and anger turned into violence on the streets.
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people began gathering at dawn on wednesday. it's the second day of a three-day national mourning period for isil's victims. a video was posted on line on sunday that appears to show the armed group shooting and beheading nearly 30 ethiopian christians in libya. two-thirds are christians many others are muslims in ethiopia. >> i want to say that they are not with us. and they do not represent us. and they are not real muslims. so stop what you are doing. stop. stop. >> reporter: relatives say two of the victims were friends who traveled to libya together to get an illegal boat to europe. they wanted to find work. to them isil and those who smuggle people across boarders are the enemy. >> translator: i don't want this international community to rest
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until these devils are destroyed. >> reporter: a large number of ethiopians have left the country because they can't find jobs at home. the government said on tuesday it will bring back ethiopians who want to return from libya, and cover their costs. if they come home they will find many people angry with what has happened to their fellow citizens, and hoping their government will respond. italy's prime minister wants more help from the european union to deal with illegal migration across the mediterranean. hundreds of people have died in the past weeks when their ships sank. the worst incident a vessel carrying 800 asylum seekers capsized. the prime minister has also asked to set up corridors in south sahara. >> translator: when a person a
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ready to put his life at risk because he needs to get out of a situation where he could be beheaded. you can do it by enforcing offices in niger and sudan. you can do it by taking actions in the countries, and keeping ourselves even more human. avoiding demagoguery as the oppositions are doing. >> al jazeera has spoken to one of the survivors of the ship that sunk on sunday. he is a 16-year-old from somalia. who is now recuperating from a reception center in italy. paul brennan has our exclusive report. >> reporter: it looks like a normal youth club with table tennis and television blaring, but these teenagers are a lucky few who have endured hardships few in europe can even imagine. the latest to arrive here are probably the luckiest of all. to protect his identity we are calling him jamal, and he was
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one of just 28 survivors from last week's sinking in the mediterranean. in skoeomalia he told me there is no happiness, but just al-shabab, but what he witnessed at the hands of the people traffickers was even worse. >> translator: the problem we faced in libya was mainly around the fact that we had our money taken, and beaden up very badly. the trafficker didn't allow us to speak to our families. we weren't given any food and we were constantly beaten. one time it was uncovered and the boss man blamed it on a woman who was beaten severely. >> reporter: he was eventually herded on to the boat that was so crowded that at one point he fell overboard and had to be dragged back in.
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>> translator: we had no food or water and i only had one fish. then we saw the ship from europe. >> reporter: and just as he thought they would be rescued disaster struck. >> translator: i was with a friend who was hungry so i shared my fish with him. but after yelling for help we overturned and he died. i was under water for five minutes, thinking god, god, god. and then i managed to swim to the surface, we shouted for help and we were rescued. >> reporter: hundreds of others weren't so lucky. the migrants had capsized in the dark out at sea, and rescuers were worked almost blind. >> the sea is completely dark. the only thing we could see were the beams of light projected by the search lights. we had to rely on what we would hear listening out for the screams to rescue any survivors. >> reporter: jamal feels nothing but bitterness towards
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traffickers who he believes put the migrants in deliberate danger. the captain and ship's mate are now facing charges. but jamal is already looking to the future. >> translator: god willing i intend to bring my parents over here i'm working hard on that. >> reporter: from what the survivors have told us it is truly remarkable that anybody managed to survive. the matter of fact way with which they described the circumstances of the rescue makes it clear that there are still deep psychological scars that will have to hope with. but at least here they have a chance to build a new life. a chance denied to so many more hundreds on that faithful voyage. 400,000 somali ref fees in kenya has been stranded in the world's largest refugee camp. now the kenyan government is
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appealing to the international community after a plan to close it. a short time ago i spoke with the somali prime minister and asked him how he will make the transition smooth for refugees. >> i think that we have to in both cases work together in creating the environment in which the refugee can go back home voluntarily, and we agreed that going back to the [ inaudible ] mechanism was [ inaudible ] and kenya and the [ inaudible ] will facilitate the return of our own refugees here in kenya, and in so doing, we have [ inaudible ] other countries to chip in and -- and create the necessary environment in which the refugee could go back which means also to have security in areas of the valley in which al-shabab controls. still ahead on al jazeera, more on the migrant crisis but
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this time it is cambodians who are desperately trying to get into australia. plus after years of civil war and daily bombardment, thousands of syrians are still struggling toing find shelter. ♪
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♪ welcome back. our top stories on al jazeera. in yemen, more air strikes have hit houthi-controlled positions in ta'izz and aden this is after the saudi-lead coalition announced an end to the aerial campaign. coalition forces are also
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maintaining a naval blockade to ensure weapons don't reach houthi fighters. the u.n. says 113,000 people to have now fled anbar province in the last few weeks. many are living in desperate conditions. and the boat load of migrants have been brought to shore in italy, they were rescued on tuesday. italy's prime has called for comprehensive european action to end the refugee crisis. now australia is also dealing with a migrant crisis and is taking a hard line approach. cambodian officials are on the pacific island to finalize arrangements for the transfer of refugees. rob mcbride reports. >> reporter: they had wanted to settle in australia, but will have to settle for a suburb of phnom penh. the local sites are not quite what they would have expected
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either. this man knows all about the hardships of being a refugee here. coming from the community in myanmar, he has been here for five years. his daily routine starts in the one room that he pays $50 a month for, making the dough for his street food business. >> in cambodia everything is not easy. because as a refugee, i cannot find a job, because i have no recommendation letter id card or any identification. >> reporter: he was given financial assistance to start his business the new arrivals will get not only help to start businesses but also the official paperwork to start a new life. the deal makes these new rivals vip refugees. what the refugees can expect is a five-page letter distributed to potential newcomers with
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details from the cost of living to the job training and medical support they will receive. the message seems to be it may not be australia, but it's as good as it's going to get, and it carries a warning that if they don't take this offer now, they won't be offered the same deal later on. cambodian ia is one of asia's poorest, and should not be burdened with the refugee problem of one of the region's richest. >> globally there will be more and more refugee that go to developed countries. and developed countries should take part of that. should take [ inaudible ] and not divert this refugee to a poor country, like cambodia. >> i don't think cambodia is much better for them. australia is much better. >> reporter: with this deal
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australia is making it clear there is no chance of settlement there. it is hoping over time with compared to the detention center cambodia will start to look a lot more attractive. police in south africa have arrested 11 people suspected of being involved in anti-immigrant attacks. the men were detained following a raid in johannesberg. the government has deployed soldiers to hellp stem attacks against foreigners. many of the protesters accuse foreigners of taking away job and as charles stratford explains the government's failure to create more work is help helping helping fan the flames. >> reporter: this man was two young when apartheid later, and he was too young to predict he
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and many others would be struggling to survive. he has seven children and says he hasn't had a proper job in seven years. >> it makes me feel like a failure in life. because most of the things that the men are supposed to do i can't do. are supposed to support my children. my first priority is to support my children. i can't do that. >> reporter: he lives with his two sisters in this tiny house. he takes whatever low-pay part-time work he can find. >> only foreigners are getting jobs. these foreigners they work for less money than we expect to get. that's why they come to work in south africa. >> reporter: he says he is shocked about the latest round of attacks against migrant
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workers. >> they are human beings like us. we are all africans. it's not their fault to get the job here. they came here looking for a job like us. so i say no to seen know phobia. >> reporter: there has been very little infrastructure work. his story is shared by millions of south africans and it's widely believed that if the government is serious about putting ends to these xenophobic attacks, then it has to start delivering on its promises. the zulu king has called for calm. the government promises to deliver basic services and jobs. >> the president has formed a special team that is looking into [ inaudible ] economy and special interaction, and that is
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focusing more on job creation. >> reporter: he and millions of south africans like him have heard this many times before. there have been protests in hong kong against the government's reform plan. the beijing backed proposals do not allow for free and fair elections, only candidates approved by china will be allowed to stand in the polls. syrian government have bombed areas in and around damascus killing 17 people. activists say at least seven people were killed in those strikes and dozens more injured. and at least ten people have been killed on sixth attacks on the rebel head area on the outskirts of the syrian capitol. opposition activists have accused assad's forces of more
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than 1700 strikes across syria in the last several weeks. hundreds of thousands of people have had to flee their homes because of near daily bombardment in syria. >> reporter: this abandoned mosque is cold but it's a safe haven for this man and his family. >> translator: i don't have money to pay rent so hopefully i can find a job. >> reporter: even though it's roof could collapse at any moment, and the windows have no glass, he knows he is lucky. [ explosion ] >> reporter: because he and other families like his, fled this, the chaos in idlib on the countryside, where syrian government forces continue to battle opposition fighters. idlib city has been targeted by regime barrel bombs and no one is spared.
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abu and his family also escaped the violence. the new home is basic, but there is an old well for water. abu and his wife worry about their children's future. >> translator: we keep moving because of the heavy bombardment, but life is just as hard as it is here as it is there, i'm looking after my brother's three children who are orphans and i have 12 of my own. >> reporter: rents here are ten times higher than before the war, and food is increasingly hard to come by. this part of idlib may have escaped the violence so far, but life here is far from easy. japan east prime minister has held talks with his chinese counterpart -- the chinese leader on the side lines of the asia african summit. he expressed remorse over his
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countries role in the second world war. >> translator: refraining from acts or threats of aggression or the use of force against the territorial integrity of political independence of any country, settlement of all international disputes by peaceful means, and japan with feelings of deep remorse over the past war made a pledge to remain a nation adhering to those principles throughout no matter what the circumstances. the trial against mohammed fahmy and baher mohamed have been assured in egypt. they are being retried for aiding the muslim brotherhood. meanwhile a new report has named the east african country of eritrea as the most censored nation in the world, they have all listeds the countries as
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worst places for reporters. one spokesman said reporters in eritrea are living in constant fear of arrest. >> they have only 5% of the citizens with access to cell phones and they have kicked out and imprisoned a lot of journalists, also used the aiding terrorism to -- in order to go after journalists. the list also includes saudi arabia and iran from the middle east which are also two countries who engage in wide censorship efforts in order to silent descend, and punish critical independent voices. the censorship effort is one of the reasons that drives up the attacks against the press worldwide, but it takes a lot of forms and shapes. one of them is using anti-state
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charges, so for example, aiding terrorism, national security and anything that basically justifies the government to portray criticism as something that should be criminally charged. we have seen the rise of that. it's been 100 years since lethal chemical weapons were first used. now almost all countries have signed a treaty to destroy their poison gas stockpiles. rob reynolds reports. >> reporter: a small army of workers in protective gear assisted by precision robots is training to destroy one of man kind's most vial inventions chemical weapons. >> it's a high-hazard operation. we do have explosion hazards. we also have agent hazards, but a lot of time with our personnel on training to ensure a work
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force is ready to complete chemical weapons destruction. >> reporter: poison gas was used by german and allied forces during the first world war. they were not particularly effective on the battlefield, but they terrified and demoralized the men in the trenches. mustard gas can cause severe burns, blindness, and a lingering, painful death. the mass majority of weapon's gas is stored in colorado. full scale destruction will begin in october. each shell will be carefully unpacked and have the explosives removed, checked for leaks, taken apart, blasted with high pressure water, and baked in ovens to strip away every trace of poison. these shells are used for
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training purposes only and they don't have any chemical weapons inside of them. but there are 780,000 real shells full of mustard gas here at this facility. some live shells are already being destroyed with controlled explosions. workers carefully load them into a thick steel cylinder. then -- >> three, two, one. >> reporter: it's not dramatic but the charges neatly split the shells which are treated with chemicals. >> mustard gas is neutralized, we rotate the vessel typically in no more than an hour and the chemical has broken down and destroyed all of the mustard agent. >> reporter: the experts who do this work say it's a deeply satisfying job. >> chemical weapons are about the worst thing going. they are dirty. they are nasty. so really getting rid of them is
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kind of in my opinion an important thing. >> reporter: destroying the stockpile will take at least four years, and cost $4.5 billion. rob reynolds al jazeera, pueblo kra colorado. a reminder you can keep up to date with all of the news on our website. >> and protesters take to the streets of baltimore for a third day. now the justice department is investigating the death of a