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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 24, 2015 1:00am-1:31am EDT

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drawal lives lost. examining the impact that still resonates today. a special report starts tuesday, 10:00 eastern. on al jazeera america.
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and it was announced that the budget for the border force called fron text would be tripled. it can rescue people. the main purpose was to stop them getting into europe. it was agreed to triple the resources available. our border mission in the center of the mediterranean. enhancing operations capability.
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i'm happy to announce that leaders pledged significantly greater support. including minimal vessels and aircraft and experts and money. >> lots of refugee groups what about accepting it. >> it's important to change the narrative and the policies. and to stop criminalizing the communities. we see how they have been criminalized through fingerprinting, racial profiling and chasing undisputed migrants. all the policies need to be addressed. the approach is wrong altogether. >> many of europe's leaders with an eye on elections and public opinion have to say they want to stop the deaths and want to keep people described as regular migrants out. the e.u. committed to avoid a repeat of this, but the walls of
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fortress europe are getting higher kevin watkins is the director of the overseas development institute, and he is unimpressed with the e.u.'s announce. there's not enough specifics. this is a european community that dissolved what was a successful search and rescue operation, the italian provision. they replaced it with an ineffective underfunded border control operation essentially. people are dying out there. and it's really unattemptable for europe in the face of a crisis. we have the tale of political xenophobia, and stream nationalism wagging the body politic in europe. the rise of nationalist party in france the u.k. and the extreme
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right in sweden, and i think political leaders are thinking first and foremost about their own backyard. and not wanting to expose themselves to the risk of attack. and the price of that is the half measures that we see coming out of brussels. >> the numbers come. 84 african migrants have been rescued minutes before the boat sank. the italian coast guard picks it up after sending out a distress call. 220 migrants were rescued from two boats near libya u.s. president obama apologised for the accidental killing of two hostages during an attack against al qaeda and pakistan. an american and italian held by the group died in the strike in january. patty culhane has more. >> reporter: the u.s. government rarely acknowledges drone strikes in pakistan and
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afghanistan. >> i want to express grieve and condolences. >> reporter: now the u.s. president is apologising for two, because two hostages were inadvertently killed. edward weinstock and portland centre aid workers held hostage for years. >> as president and commander in chief, i take full responsibility for all the counter-terrorism operations including the one that took the lives of warren and giovani. i profoundly regret what happened. on behalf of the government i offer our deepest apologise to the families. >> the wine stephen family has been pushing the government to do more for the release. saying this. >> no soldiers left behind. what about no citizens left behind. he needs to be with the family. >> the family released a
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statement saying that arismendy alcantara was responsible but criticized the the u.s. government saying: the president didn't mention two others who were indicted in the u.s. for treason after posting videos online. >> we should look for tarts which epitomize western decadence, depravity, immorality and aithyism. >> the two operatives were not targeted. civil liberty groups say it points to a bigger problem. >> you have claims of high confidence that there was no civilians, and on the other hand you have civilian casualties that have been acknowledged. that calls into question the
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standards used as well as the reliability of the intelligence that is being used to carry out lethal force programme. >> it's a programme that independent experts say killed thousands, including hundreds of civilians. the president is not promising a review of the programme but says the american people will know in this case what wept wrong, and why -- wept wrong, and why these two civilians were killed. former c.i.a. director david petreaus has been sentenced to two years probation for leaking classified information to his mistress the decorated general resigned from his post in 2012 after it was revealed that he'd been having an affair with his biographer. kimberley cal cut has more from north carolina. >> reporter: he was stoic and serious as he walked into the federal court house in charlotte new orleans to be sentenced. in the courtroom general david
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petreaus spoke as he pled guilty to one count of removing and retaining classified documents, which he shared in 2012 with his lover and biographer. >> i apologise to those closest to me and others, including those with whom i was privileged to serve in government and the military over the years. >> david petreaus's lawyers supplied the court with more than 30 letters from heads of state and colleagues praising the former general, his lawyers argued for leniency citing decades of public service. >> general david petreaus could have faced gaol time but the judge noted while secret documents were removed, none of the classified war strategy was made public. the court felt the two years assistance of proeb aches, as a result was deemed sufficient. the court ordered david petreaus to pay the maximum fine a $#00,000 penalty. the judge called it just
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punishment to reflect vast resources and the grave nature of the offense. >> i look forward to moving on with the next phase of my life. and to continuing our great nation as a private citizen. despite what the federal judge called pet ray ass serious -- david petreaus's laps of judgment, a stark contrast to his previous 37 years of achievement demonstrations have been held for a fifth day in the u.s. city of baltimore over the death of an african american man in police custody. an autopsy shows that 27-year-old freddie gray died of a spinal injury. we have more from baltimore. >> the protests continue here in bolt mar. several hundred protesters have been out for several hours in front of one of the police stations in the city. they've been calling for no justice, no peace.
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calling the name of freddy gray. i'll step out of frame to get a sense of the scene. there are people that are angry, they want answers on what happened to freddy gray when he was in custody under suspicious circumstances by baltimore police. we found out that mr gray's funeral will be on monday, and the chief of police met with his family and offered condolences. people are very very angry, as you might imagine. the governor of the state of maryland said he is going to send a state trooper here to baltimore to beef up security even though the protests had been very, very peaceful so far. make no mistake about it, people are angry, and the untimely death lit a fuse on what is building frustration on the treats by so many people. civil rights actists are calling for thousands of people to come
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out to the streets on saturday. they say they want to hold one of the biggest protests to call for justice in this case. still to come in the next 15 minutes - why it's a bumpy ride for some as the australian government tries to stop young muslims going to war. and saving the children. scientists thing they are closer than ever to find a malaria vaccine. details after the break.
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pass welcome back, you are
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watching al jazeera. european leaders agreed to triple funding to tackle the growing migrant crisis. meanwhile 84 migrants were res cute from a sinking boat off the coast on thursday. a former director. c.i.a. has been sentenced to two years for leaking classified international to his mistress. david petreaus was fined it 100,000. the u.s. president apologised for the killing of two hostages in drone strikes aimed at al qaeda fighters the united nations says peace talks are inevitable to stop fighting in yemen. more strikes have been launched by the saudi offensive aimed at targets in six cities. the u.s.s. "roosevelt", and "norm andy", bring it.
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they include two destroyers, two mine sweepers and three amphibian ship with 2,300 marines. yemen's foreign minister is acausing iran of desperate attempts to break the blockade to cut houthi supplies. >> iran was supposed to send aid and medical supplies is sending warships loaded with weapons, like they want to inflame the conflict a 3-day truce collapsed in libya after fighting broke out. the truce was announced to allow residents to return to their home. tripoli is a key factoring for forces loyal to the u.n.
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recognised government based in tobruk i.s.i.l. affiliated gunmen killed two loyal to the tripoli government. five were injured. australia is trying to counter a steady stream of people travelling to iraq and syria to join i.s.i.l.'s campaign. the government is rolling out a programme aimed at re-de-radicalization of possible recruits. andrew thomas reports. >> reporter: muslims at a fun fair - this one attached to a halal food festival is not the image you see on australian television. a constant dream of negative impressions is dangerous, the media providing bad role models for young muslims. >> we have a lot of successful people, doctors, lawyers, businessmen. they should project the positive image. >> reporter: instead, this is more common, muslims being arrested, accused of plotting attacks.
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some say the government's hard-powered approach, with raids like this, stopping people travelling, feeds an image of muslims under attack that can encourage a backlash. that is where a softer approach is being tried. >> in brisbane, the australian multicultural foundation is running training sessions for religious leaders. >> 99.9% of the muslim community is strong and has a strong foundation and makes the contribution. there's a minority always that falls between the cracks. >> reporter: part paid for by grants from the australian government, the leader here says his work is an early intervention programme aimed at violence intervention. the government set aside $40 million in programs that foster harmony, intervening when there are signs of bad behaviour. and tackle online propaganda
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like this . >> i come from the land of australia. >> reporter: a man fighting in syria, appealing for others to join him or launch attacks at home. . >> brothers of islam in australia, now is the time to rise, now is the time to wake up. >> reporter: the australian government calls the efforts part of a strategy of de-radicalization, but it has critics. >> we have spoken to a number of people trying to work with the government, but is concerned about the approach. one says the branding is wrong. they call the programme branding violent extremism is the best way to repel the groups they need to engage. the other says the process is centralized in canberra, run by anglo-white people with little knowledge of muslim communities or their issues. others say the government is not acting fast enough. canberra at the best of times moves slowly. >> what we lose with every passing week is more radicalized, recruited. if they've gone to iraq, syria, most will not come home. >> reporter: in june australia hosts a pan-asian conference.
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it's on de-radicalization. they know it's an issue that needs addressing, but they are not yet responding to let's explore this with roger, an associate professor at the australian national university and research fellow at the lowy institute. he joins us from sydney. thanks for making it on the show. australia is known to be a liberal society. explain why a young australian would want to give up the freedom, the opportunities available to him or her to join i.s.i.l.'s violent campaign. >> yes, i suppose it's a central question that people are trying to grabble with. the only explanation is it's issues of identity. they may feel disenfranchised. they may feel disconnected from the society in which they live. for a variety of reasons.
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they find in these organizations the answer to whatever they are looking for, and find a reason to leave australia, and go to places like syria and iraq where they may never, and probably have never been to before. given what you said they feel disenfranchised and don't belong in australia. what needs to be addressed to dissuade young answers from vying into the extremist ideology. what is the root problem here? >> i don't think it's any one root cause. certainly education is part of it. i'm not talking about violent extremism education. there's no one individual type that these - or typology that the people fit into. quite a few are part of larger families that have an ist islamist part in them. it's unlikely you'll influence
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them. others have backgrounds in minor criminality. others are poorly educated. >> our can't made an interesting point. many of the anti-extremism policies are made by anglo-saxon politicians based in canberra. why is there not more consultation with ethnic communities then? >> i suppose there's two issues. the first is i think it's a fair criticism as a government that it was slow to react in engaging the muslim community. in its defense, the muslim community in australia is extremely fragmented. there'll be people that believe they have not been consulted. part of the problem is the community is split along ethnic lines, on who should be the leader of that group. i have sympathy for the government who says who do we
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engage with. there are so many people that call themselves leaders, that you will never satisfy everyone. >> there has been suggestions that it's best to let the people with extremist ideologies to join the campaign. that's what they believe in instead of trying to manage their anger and frustration at moment where they could be a liability to security. >> the reality is there's over 100 australians killed in terror attacks in the last decade all killed overseas targeted because they are australian or caught up in a western targetting. the reality is you can't let people go overseas if you know they'll engage in armed conflict in the name of religion and they are targetting western interests. while you may get rid of them from your own shores. it may well be that some time in the future they kill australian or other westerners, you have to deal with your own problems.
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>> thank you roger shanahan from the australian national university moving on. scientists say they are closer than ever to finding a successful vaccine for nal airia. -- malaria. the affects many in sub-saharan, and most are children that do not survive. we have more on the hope for them a few tears of pain for a few years of partial protection against malaria. in sub-saharan africa 1300 die every day from the disease. there's never been a licensed vaccine. for almost 20 years, a research team based in africa has been working towards one. now their biggest trial of what is known as the rtss vaccine, involving 15,000 infants across seven countries, over five years, delivered its
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results. >> this shows that this vaccine has impact over a 4-year period. severe attacks from malaria, by 30." >> reporter: is 30% enough? >> no we'd like is to be 90%. malaria is a big problem. if we can reduce it it's a huge saving. >> reporter: professor brian greenwood devoted 50 years to fighting malaria, he's thrilled measures are working. the world malaria report reveals a 47% drop in deaths across the globe in the last decade. in africa it has decreased by 54%. >> we are not suggesting it's a replacement for some other methods. the consideration is worthwhile
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and cost effective to add it on to the other measures that are given. >> the world health organisation will decide whether to recommend the vaccine for use by the end of the year. army commanders in nigeria say they have killed a notorious boko haram leader and say that they are advancing on the fighter's last-known strong hold. the forest stretches along the north-east state. the regional coalition force recaptured several towns from boko haram. for the last 25 years, the hubble telescope opened a window to the stars. its images of distant galaxies and expanding universe gave scientists a greater insight of space and time. we have this report on a grand achievement. >> reporter: in new york city's
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time's square the tourists get a display that is out of this world, far, far out thanks to the hubble telescope that launched in 1990. the restaurant sent back 1.2 million observations. by hovering past the earth's haze, the visual accuracy is likened to seeing a pair of fireflies in japan, from the east coast of north america. as a result scientists have their most accurate look at planets within the solar system and identified more planets beyond it. >> the mir square is down -- mirror is down on this end. they wanted deeper proeshz of the -- appreciation of the commencement of space. >> we know that there's something like 200 billion galaxies in the internet. each filled with hundreds of billions of stars. >> by tracing it backwards in
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town, to places 13 billion lit years from earth. >> the gal asies are not only flying away from each other. they are accelerating. it tells us it is filled with images. >> it is also serviced in space which astronauts. a flaw dlovered in its mirror almost made it worthless. n.a.s.a. despatched a crew to correct the area. hubble is expected to keep operating, but an instrument 100 times more powerful the web-space telescope is due to be launched in 2018. >> one of the hopes is we have web and hubble operating at the same time, opening a new window on the universe. >> one likely to produce more revelations about worlds yet to be discovered. evacuation orders have been issued in towns within 20km of an erupting volcano, in southern
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chile. cobbual co erupted twice within 24 hours after being dormant for 40 years. a giant cloud has dropped up to 50 september meters of volcanic ash in some areas. more on the website at they are cops for hire, complete with a badge, gun, and patrol car. >> there's only so many police officers in the city. if they want constant presence, then they have to take that responsibility on themselves. >> they're going to have to pay for it? >> correct. >> i'll tell you how public police officers working private security is a risky business for you, the taxpayer. plus, what is and what isn't in the