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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 24, 2015 7:00am-7:31am EDT

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♪ the eu promises more money to stop the deaths of migrants at sea and plans to get rid of human traffickers. ♪ hello i'm darren live from al jazeera headquarters in doha and also on the program 100 years later armenians remember the masses killed by ottoman forces as the fighting rages in yemen medical workers worry about the power supply of the largest hospital in the capitol. remembering the fallen 100 years after one of world war i's bloodiest battles. ♪
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the u.n. refugee agency says the european union plan to tackle the crisis in the mediterranean is important step to collective european action and eu agreed to triple funding for navel mission and european leaders will lay ground work against trafficics as hundreds of people are rescued from italian coast guard on thursday and nearly all of the people rescued in the mediterranean were from libya and we are from misrata outside a migrant detention center so the eu talking about the possibility of using military force to stop the boats that the people traffickers are using and how feasible is that and will it work? >> well standing here it's difficult to understand how they will do that. i mean i have been speaking extensively with the migrants that are in the detention center and from what we understand the
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big smugglers nobody know who they are and they are the guys who make the money. then you have the middle tier which are the captain and skippers of the boats and from what we understand from several of the stories we heard and we also spoke to libyan officials often these middle men and seamen go with migrants for a little bit and then leave them in the middle of the sea to their own device and take another boat and come back to shore so the only time you will find some smugglers that will be able to pinpoint them if they are with a big group of migrants, will you have a military intervention when you have migrants and will it cause also casualties among the migrants so a very difficult issue to deal with and also considering that these smugglers do not operate from official ports but from hundreds of kilometers that constitute the coastline of libya, how are you going to find them and how are you going to pinpoint them. we don't have details about what the eu is planning to do but
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seeing the problem from this side it seems very complicated and at the bottom line once you stop the smugglers or you try to stop the migrants from reaching europe you transfer the problem to libya because the southern border of the country is completely open and migrants will continue to come here and will continue to try to reach europe so certainly it's just a matter of reverseing the problem to another country rather than stopping the issue. >> when you stop the boats what happens to migrants stuck in the places behind you and libya will not send them back to their home countries, are they? >> the libyans are going to be able to sends them back to their home countries and also the fact that international law does not allow you to send back a man or a woman who is fleeing persecution or a war-stricken country and then there is a more practical matter how are you
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going to send them back home there are no embassys left if tripoli and people in detention center do not have money, do not have passports and certainly a complicated issue and libyans i spoke to in 24 hours say this is just a matter of putting the problems to us and having us deal with it and we have no means to deal with it considering also the current situation in this country. >> all right, there many misrata and libya thank you. on tuesday italian police arrested two men suspected of being people traffickers among the survivors that capsized off libya coast killing 800 people and the two men are in court and paul brennan joins us live and talk us what has been happening in court today and who has been giving evidence. >> reporter: progress is extremely slow i have to say. we just had update from both the prosecution and the defense lawyers who popped out of court ahead of a lunch break due to take place to tell us they are
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in the first of witnesses. now, they brought a handful of the survivors from last weekend's disaster to court in order to detail exactly what happened, the circumstances. the purpose of that is because this is a preliminary hearing where the judge in the building behind me will confirm the charges, will basically decide to confirm which charges the captain and the ship's mate will actually face but at the moment they are still on the first witness and i think there are five or six witnesses they are hoping to get through, what it appears is the prosecution is taking the witness through the whole process, both not just the sinking itself but the whole migration process from the country of origin up through africa and at the moment we understand they have only just reached libya in the description. it's a closed ses session and not allowed in but the lawyers tell us. the realistic process is it may go to tomorrow and we were expecting it to be over in a matter of a couple of hours.
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>> eu has agreed to triple the search and rescue funding for the migrants and is that making a difference to italians who are bearing the brunt of this crisis? >> reporter: in a small way it will. it will lessen the load with the amount of italian resources that are necessary to save lives because bringing more war ships in means there is more boats out there. as far as actually moving migrants on and lessening the load on the italian centers which are currently accommodating migrants it doesn't look like it's going to have that much impact at all. france has said it will take some several hundred migrants it will allow italy to move those migrants on to their. britain for example committed a war ship but says we don't want migrants at all to be brought to british shores. it's so a mixed bag. >> paul thank you. in libya meanwhile 13 fighters loyal to former general hafta killed in fighting in benghazi.
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more violence has been reported in tripoli as well as parts of southern benghazi three-day truce with forces loyal to government in libya collapsed on thursday. now armenians around the world are making 100 years since the massacre of their ancestor in ottoman territory in the first world war and 1.5 million people were killed in the first genocide of the century and they reject the ethnic campaign and we report from the capitol. >> reporter: 104-year-old watches his great, great grandchildren play. he was six when he and his parents left their farm in western armenia and was warned the village would be targeted by turk soldiers. >> translator: my mother covered her face with soot and dressed as a kurd and there is a photo of my father and had a
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mustache and they asked what nationality and he said a kurd if they found out he was arman yanukovich he would be killed. >> reporter: walked 300 kilometers to safety and will never forget seeing mothers abandon their children along the way. >> translator: when they got tired they couldn't carry their infants anymore and would throw them in the river, throwing them in the river was better than leaving them on the ground where wild animals would eat them. >> reporter: eyewitness accounts from survivors are on display at the armenian genocide institute and museum. these halls have photographic evidence and footage and written testimonies of the atrocities that armenians say were committed against them between 1915-1923 and beyond. this new exhibition time to open with a centennial commemoration is the first time the mass killings of armenians is shown in the wider context of european and world history. >> armenian genocide is not only
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part of armenian history and memory at the same time it's a part of the turkey history. >> reporter: the president was one of the first visitors to the exhibition, he says in addition to remembering the past armenia is looking ahead and that is why it's not putting any preconditions for establishing relations with turkey. >> translator: we have not said you should recognize the armenian genocide to establish normal ties. our position is fair and constructive. >> reporter: open air market many are still demanding acknowledgment from turkey. >> translator: we have to admit it, they absolutely have to admit it i'm a witness. >> for us to go out as a nation the wounds need to be healed. >> translator: the armenian church has canoniz eded killing the victims as saints and the ceremony has not been seen for more than 400 years and armenian message 100 years on is it's
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important to recognize what happened in the past and condemn it, hoping tragedies like this are not repeated in the future al jazeera. turkey says people died on both sides of the conflict and one accepts arman yanukovichs were killed by ottoman in the first world war and says there was no attack on civilians with genocide and we report from istanbul. >> reporter: 74-year-old runs a small museum in istanbul, on display are art artifacts and memorabilia who belonged to a general in the ottoman army and the story gives a glimpse of events that took place in 1915 when thousands were forcibly transferred from their homes and allegedly killed by the ottoman turks. >> no problem between turkish and armenian people. after the armenian be troy betrayed
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the ottoman government told them you have to change place because you are with russian people and killing us and we see that and give them milk and we give them doctors. >> reporter: according to the general's memoir it was the armenians who integrated the violence. >> in my father's book he said as if all are graced and throw the people out and i saw the scars on arms and bodies on the ground. >> reporter: it's a stark contrast to what has become a common narrative, in the past month both european parliament and pope francis described what took place 100 years ago as genocide conducted against the armenians. and it is this word, genocide, that continues to anger turkey, while the government concedes that many armenians were killed, it insists the term itself is totally incorrect. >> politically we believe that that term is being exploited in a way instead of leading an
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event in a just manner technically it's also wrong because for the term to be applied you need to have a systematic policy of extermination of it. we know as a fact the armenian come to live in istanbul and armenian soldiers at that time. >> reporter: despite controversy under erdiwan had a letter of condolence for the first time ever in 2014 and pride is prevalent in turkey society and roads and squares have huge flags flying high or draped across the building and a strong sense of patriotism that makes some people here so defensive when it comes to discussing sensitive issue like the armenian one. >> translator: these are all big lies turkey has never in history committed such crimes. >> translator: it wasn't the
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turks who committed genocide it was the armenians. >> reporter: despite the opposing narratives and tension it continues to create there are thousands of armenians living in turkey and left to mark the 100th anniversary freely. ♪ concerts are being held together with a church service in the main cathedral that the turkish government renovated in 2005. officials here are saying they are more interested in building a future with armenians than focusing on the past al jazeera, istanbul. yemen there have been more air strikes by saudi-led coalition and forces loyal to abd rabbuh mansur hadi gained control of large parts of aiden and yemen foreign minister says no peace until houthis surrender and 1,000 people killed in fighting since last month and 115 of them children and we have
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more. >> reporter: ♪ there is a semblance of law an order here despite no clear governance in yemen, a bomb disposal unit has come to work. not far from here is a military base that was hit in an air strike this week. spent ammunition liters the streets. >> translator: the area is not free of chemical substances we have examined the whole area with detectors. we have collected the remains of explosives and now they are being moved to be disarmed somewhere else. >> reporter: residents say it was the largest blast they heard since the saudi-led campaign began. look around and you get a sense of hundreds of lost man hours. jobs on hold and the thousands of dollars that will be needed for reconstruction. although none of this is of urgent as caring for the hundreds of people hurt in that one bombing. a 20-minute drive away is the
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largest hospital in sanaa. its intensive care unit is where some of the most serious cases will be seen the hospital director says that may not be the case for much longer. >> translator: electricity supplied by the government has been cutoff and we are using generators but there is not enough fuel, this has been going on for a week and if it continues i'm afraid the hospital will have to close. >> reporter: it's not just this hospital in trouble. the world health organization is warning that yemen's entire healthcare system is on the brink. meanwhile the red cross director in sanaa believes keeping the hospitals running is even more pressing than the need for food. >> if we don't find a quick solution now it will be a catastrophe in a few days. hundreds of people can die because they don't have the medicines. >> reporter: he says that while medical aid has started to arrive, his staff face yet another pitfall delivering them to the hospitals in places where
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there is fighting. i'm with al jazeera. a lot more still to come on al jazeera we will tell you how political violence is affecting bangladesh's garment industry plus countryside turned into battleground as isolation fighters are against people loyal to the government. stay with us. ♪
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♪ welcome back a quick reminder of the top stories on al jazeera, the u.n. refugee agency says the plan to tackle the migrant crisis in mediterranean
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is an important step to collective european action eu agreed to triple funding for the navel mission and government has hundreds of people are rescued by the italian coast guard on thursday. yemen more air strikes by saudi-led coalition forces in four cities against houthi targets and loyal to abd rabbuh mansur hadi have gained control of the large parts of aiden. and armenians around the world making 100 years since the killing of their ancestors and 1.5 million killed and turkey disputes figures and rejects of an ethnic cleansing campaign. it's almost 100 years since the start of the failed ally campaign in the turkish peninsula in the first world war and commemorations taking place to honor those who died on both sides. more than 140,000 troops lost their lives in the eight-month long battle at the time gallipoli was part of the empire which was allied with germany and more from bernard smith
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where the commemorations are taking place. >> reporter: 100 years ago tomorrow that allied expedition force made of 70,000 soldiers from britt and france and new zealand and india was here on the shore of gallipoli and a lightning strike to take control of the peninsula and the strait and it ended up being an almost a nine-month long siege ending in defeat for allied forces and a significant victory for the ottoman turks but that victory came at an enormous human cost 102,000 turkish soldiers killed 42000 ally soldiers killed and today they will be remembered at a ceremony here and led by turkish president erdiwan and britain's prince charles and prime minister of australia and new zeeland and leaders from other countries.
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former security chief died of a stroke in damascus and was known for his role as military intelligence chief in lebanon and he was beaten by a guard and in hospital ever since. u.n. invited the syrian government and opposition groups to separate peace talks in geneva next month and opposition fighters inside syria launched attack against regime checkpoints west of the city. >> reporter: it's a great view from a plane in northwest hana and the village to the north and south, once a peaceful countryside it has now become a battlefield. government forces have been using it as a attack position against opposition fighters. >> translator: this area was one of the first to revolt against the regime and badly targeted and now it's time to
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counter attack. >> reporter: opposition fighters launched the attacks by firing artillery, and target with three checkpoints and the objective was to isolate village loyal to regime from those opposing it. >> translator: we started by launching artillery against the barricades anded a advanced infantry. >> reporter: it has been met by fierce resistance and the area is strategic to both sides and it connects hama and idlib provinces and the regime only learn between homs in the south and northern providence of aleppo. >> translator: our main objective to destroy checkpoints in the city. if we succeed in that we will cut all supply lines for regime forces. >> reporter: whatever the
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outcome hana remains an important front line in this conflict without an end, al jazeera. 14 people hit and killed by a train in macedonia. the group of migrants walking along a well-known balkin route to europe and prosecutor says from interviewing survivors most of the group was from somalia and afghanistan. a number of migrants willing to risk everything in hopes of a better life in europe and many finding reality a far cry from their dreams and simon mc-greger wood went to immediate sudan migrants forced to live under a bridge in paris. >> reporter: 50 migrants living in tents by the river, some have been here months all made the hazardous journey across the sea and escaping war at home and hoping for a better life and none of them have papers and rely on charity for everything it's a kind of migrant limbo.
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mohamed and not his real name spent three years working in libya and paid $1100 for his place on a boat which made it to italy and now this. >> translator: it is not the life we imagined finding in europe, we don't know what to do. but we are obligeds to be here, this is the path we took but i ask myself why are we here the eu states don't seem to be interested in us anymore. >> reporter: those trying to help migrants in france say people like mohamed are victims of a system which is intentionally slow and designed to discourage. >> the argument which is brought forward by the government is always that if you welcome them too well more will come and this is terrible because it's not true. people in sudan or syria do not think i'm going to france because i will have a shelter. they only think i have to leave home i cannot stay there otherwise i will die. >> reporter: this unprecedented
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surge in people trying to reach europe unfortunately for them seems to be matched by a hardening of attitudes here in france to immigration as a whole. so finding the political will to help migrants settle more quickly and in greater numbers is going to be very hard. the rise of the national front in france is mirrored elsewhere in europe tempting politicians into ever tougher posturing on immigration, add to that stagnating economies and soaring unemployment you can see why the latest tragedies in the mediterranean led them to find better ways to keep migrants out rather than welcoming them in and the worry may not be how to get asylum but avoid being sent back to where tar their long journey began, simon mc-greger wood in paris. they killed a boko haram leader and advancing on the last
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known stronghold in the forest, it stretches along several of nigeria's northeastern state. indonesia president said the world economic troubles cannot be sold through the world bank and imf and world bank and it came at the asia conference taking place in dakarta and called for a global order behind the obsolete ideas of post war institutions. australia prime minister appealed to the indonesia president to show mercy with the execution of two people convicted of drug smuggling and they are among ten people facing death. they were sentenced in 2006. hundreds of garment factories have shut down in bangladesh this year and many unable to meet demands for wages and safety standards following the factory collapse two years ago and we have more. >> reporter: it's been almost a year since the lights were
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turned off at this garment factory, and she and his family have begun business only three years earlier. they like many others were in a rush to get in on an industry that was expanding fast. propelled by some of the lowest wages in the world, bangladesh had quickly become second only to china in exporting ready made garments but in april 2013 the plaza building collapsed, killing over 1,000 garment workers. in the aftermath some brands started demanding higher safety standards and better wages at the factories they worked with. unable to meet these requirements he decided to shut down operations. >> translator: no chance and they have some rules and people within very short time but it is pursue. >> reporter: not all garment factories are created equal and
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mid range operators are struggling to stay afloat or closing down in the wake of the plaza disaster higher end factories are expecting business to pick up. the factory cost a few hundred thousand dollars to set up in contrast shaun is a multi million dollar affair and shaun's company has the resources to not only meet safety standards but also break the mold when it comes to the expectations buyers have of bangladesh factories. garment owners here made their name delivering low en, vie volume for orders and complex were made elsewhere but that is starting to change. >> so it's possible also to do very high volume work high value work low volume high value, and middle volume in bangladesh and factories including mine is changing our
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set up to handle these high margin business as well and actually moving that business and winning against china. >> reporter: shaun says the industry here is under going a shift with consolidation at the top that is creating more orders for owners like him. the flip side is the weeding out at the bottom, spelling the end for some local operations that can no longer keep up. i'm with al jazeera, bangladesh. the crossing between chile and argentina is closed due to the volcano erupting and strong winds deposited as much as 5 centimeter of ash and created a thick fog and had been dormant more than 40 years but wednesday it sent a plume of ash more than 10 kilometers in the air, thousands of people have been forced to leave their homes. one of the world largest
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festival and attracts as many as 1.2 million visitors. and a quick reminder you can keep up to date with the news on our website, there it is on your screen, new and improved al that is al ♪ a somber day in armenia where dignitaries from around the world mark 100 years since the killing of more than 1.5 million people. plus more than a dozen people arrested in italy this morning for, quote, acts of terror that includes a planned attack on the vatican. and criticism over the u.s. drone program today after two men including an american were killed in an air strike. ♪ watch th