100 years of the massacre of more than 100 people by turks. ♪ more migrants ashore in italy, eu promises more help for them and pledging tougher action on the traffickers. ♪ hello there, you are watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up yemen's foreign minister insists no peace deals until houthi rebels surrender. the silent killer that targets millions and scientists say they are closer than ever for finding a successful vaccine against malaria. the solar system and the hubble
telescope celebrates its 25th birthday. ♪ hello, the eu says it will double the emergency aid it gives italy, greece and malta to deal with influx of migrants crossing mediterranean from north africa and money used to manage and start reseparate shin centers and provide medical aid to people like this, the dozens more who arrived in the sicily port on friday. the eu is diverting resources to stop the people smugglers. appearing in a court nearby was this man, tunisia man at the helm of a boat which collided with a container ship and sank off the libya coast and at least 700 people died. those numbers contributed to an april record for migrant deaths at sea. more than 1300 migrants thought
to have died making the periless crossing and to men appearing in court in sicily in connection with the deaths of the migrants and paul is following the case for us and, paul this was only supposed to be a preliminary hearing but it's taking an awful long time isn't it? >> reporter: it is. and it's still ongoing and it started just after 9:00 here in sicily 9:00 a.m. and it's just gone 7:00 p.m. and they are still hearing inside. it's a very important case. i mean it's a landmark case and the first high profile case and not just because of the numbers involved, the number of victims because this is relating to the big disaster a week ago, it's also a test i think of the italian judiciary for it and we had a number of witnesses in court telling the judge the circumstances of the sinking last weekend. we are having to have translators in.
these people are from several different countries, gambia and aratrais and somalia and process of translating the questions and answers backwards and forwards is taking some time and of course you also have the men themselves who are strongly denying the charges against them. and of course the italian system itself which is a little bit more elongated than perhaps you might be used to it's up to the judge for example to confirm the type of charge that we will finally be laid against the men, nevertheless the process is necessary and if the eu as it has said in its meeting in brussels yesterday is to really go hard after these traffickers they need to put the judicial process in place and get it in place and iron out the wrinkles so the process is quick and hope is from the italian side it might actually deter traffickers from setting out in the first place. >> following the case for us is paul. thanks. ♪
more air strikes by the coalition against houthi targets in yemen and forces loyal to the president abd rabbuh mansur hadi gained control over large parts of aiden pushing the rebels back and foreign minister says houthis most surrender before the peace process can begin. >> translator: there will be no talks at the present time as long as the houthis and the malitias of ali abdullah saleh continue the crime against the people and until they put their weapons aside and surrender. >> reporter: saudi arabia interior ministry say attacks of security forces increased since offensive began and authorities arrested a man on suspicion of killing two police officers earlier this month in riyadh and say the 23-year-old confessed to carrying out the shootings after meeting a member with the islamic state of iraq in syria
and we have more in saudi arabia. arabia. >> reporter: investigation with him, he admitted to the crime and said that he was recruited by i.s.i.s. earlier and that the man, the middleman between him and i.s.i.s. was a man he knows by the name of berghuis and believes he is from north africa, judging by accent he was given weapon to use in the crime and given $10,000 and also ammunition and also he said that i.s.i.s. wanted to use him in saudi arabia. they asked him to stay there because of his expertise and explosives making and also in shooting. and he said that berghuis drove the car while he shot at the two policemen. also after further investigation the ministry in the statement says they were able to identify the man who is known by berghuis and said his last name is
shariff and known as sammy and they put a bounty on his head $1 million to be given to any one who can help find him. >> reporter: the u.n. has invited the syrian government and opposition groups to separate peace talks in geneva next month and opposition fighters in syria launched attack against regime checkpoints west of the city of homas and we report. >> reporter: it's a great view from a plane in northwest hama and the vast area overlooks village to the north and south. once a peaceful countryside, it's now become a battlefield. government forces have been using it as an attack position against opposition fighters. >> translator: this area was one of the first to revolt against the regime and was badly bombed and targeted now it's time to counter attack. >> reporter: opposition fighters launched the attacks by
firing artillery and captured three main government checkpoints around the city aiming to cut the government supply road. >> translator: our main objective is to destroy checkpoints to the city and if we succeed in that we will cut supply lines for regime forces. >> reporter: idlib and coalition of opposition groups launched with the aim of controlling it. the latest push follows the capture of idlib city on march 28 rebel forces prepare to be boosted by resent gains but they won and lost multiple times in this endless conflict i'm with al jazeera. now scientists are closer than ever to finding a successful vaccine for malaria. the disease infects about 200 million people every year most sub sahara anicka and most children that do not survive and
we have a vaccine to reduce cases by 30%. >> reporter: a few tears of pain for a few years of partial protection against malaria. in sub sahara and africa 1300 children die everyday from the disease. there has never been a licensed vaccine but for almost 20 years a research team based in africa has been working towards one and now their biggest trial of what is known as the rtss vaccine involving 15,000 infants across seven countries over five years has delivered iresults. >> it has impact over a four-year period and reduces attacks of malaria and severe attacks of malaria by about 30%. >> is 30% enough? >> no, we would like it to be 90%. but malaria is such a big
problem and if you can reduce that by 30% that is a huge saving in childhood deaths and serious illness. >> reporter: green wood devoted 50 years to fighting malaria and he is thrilled control measures already in place are working. the latest world health organization malaria report reveals a 47% drop in malaria deaths across the globe in the last decade. in africa the mortality rate has decreased by 54% in the same period. >> we are not suggesting as rtss should be a replacement for some of the other measures like bed nets the consideration lbs it worthwhile and cost effective and already been given, the world health organization will say to recommend it for use by the end of the year and danny with al jazeera. >> still to come on the program armenians gather to mark a century since one of the darkest
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houthi fighters and scientists belief they may be on the verge of a breakthrough for the search of malaria and it kills more than half a million people a year a canadian court granted bail to a former guantanamo detainee we a murder conviction in the united states and canada is repealing the bail decision and was sentenced eight years in jail in 2010 after pleading guilty in a u.s. court to the killing of american soldier in afghanistan and transferred to a jail in native canada to years later and since retracted confession and expected to be released on bail on may the 5th. police in italy arrested nine people who have alleged links with al-qaeda and suspects were involved in a plot to attack the vatican five years ago, the attack was never carried out. and we are in rome with more details about the suspects.
on friday italian police conducted a nationwide major antiterrorism operation that led to arrest warrants of 18 people across italy and nine of those people were arrested two of them are suspected of still being at large here in italy and seven are believed to have returned to pakistan already, all of them were pakistan afghan nationals and moved in 2005 and blend in with communities and some were business men and well regarded but behind the scenes investigators believe these people were raising funds to finance terrorism operation back at the border between afghanistan and pakistan and even took active part in some of the terrorist attacks including the bombing of a market in peswar in october of 2009 that killed more than 100 people and two people are believes to have had close ties to the network of people that protected bin laden during his period in hiding and
the investigators found conversation where people were asking about his health in particular but the most shocking revelation perhaps was investigators believe this network was organized and planning some kind of attack to the vatican at a time when pope benedict 16 was still in office, now the attack of course did not take place in the end but yet the vatican issued a statement saying down playing the risk or threat saying that of course was a long time ago, five years ago and nevertheless italy and vatican are still targets of organizations such as i.s.i.l. and therefore the state here is very here for alert. turning to our main story on the program, it is of course the migrant crisis and the many thousands of people who try to make the perilless journey across the mediterranean sea to europe and italy says all the rescues in the med trainmediterranean
and tell us a lit bit more about the patrols that are carried off the coast of libya. >> well at the moment we are about 25 miles west of this where a good number of these folks decide to reach the italian shores. and this is the coast guard and a civilian tug boat that has been turned to and modified of the coast guard and you may see there are antiaircraft and what do they have, very limited resources and do patrol at least the unit we are with about 60600
nautical miles and earlier we had an official boat off the international waters of libya and it was a regular one, what the coast guards are telling us is it's usually at sunset under cover of dark and the boats leave the showers of libya and it's usually overnight where they do find these migrants trying to reach libya, sorry, italy and today is a good day according to the coast guards in the sense the weather conditions are good and under this kind of weather a lot of smugglers say they try to cross the mediterranean and what we did find out is that the coast guards have found many little can dinghys full of migrants and what typically happens now is smugglers or the captain of the boat stays with them for a little while and gets off that boat with some pretext, gets on another boat and leaves the
migrants in the middle of the sea, the captain of coast guards we are with and you can imagine the amount of migrants we found totally alone in dinghys or over taxed fishing boats that were there completely abandon with no one aboard who has any kind of sailing skills. >> and what do the coast guards do when they find these migrants many of whom they are having to rescue in such small boats and what do they do with migrants once they rescued them? >> depends on the number but cannot get on the boat we are now for and taking reenforcement from misrata for a specific case and bring them back to libya where they are held in detention centers, what happens to the migrants after that is really unknown and they do stay in the
detention center earlier today i was speaking to a somali migrant who made it all the way to the sea and he told me i was nearly there until i was intercepted by the libya coast guard. now, i did discuss with the coast guard what they thought about the eu saying that you have to plan out on smugglers and they say that will be the most difficult thing to do and the smugglers are very shadow network and usually the head of the smuggling network is not even in libya. the somalia i spoke to earlier this morning told me that the network he came through was they had to transfer all the money to consume because the smuggling network was originating and operating from there, this is to give you an idea how difficult that would be. what libyans say is they need to coordinate more with the italian navy, the italian coast guard, they say at the moment that is not happening. there is obviously the problem
of libya's peculiar situation, the fact that it has two governments and on this side the western side of the country where most of the boats leave from there is a court-appointed tripoli government and eu or international communities they recognize and no dealings with that government and it is with that government and the authorities in the west that you really have to try to solve this issue. then they also say we need more means and need to get more support, we need more ships and more equipment with that we will be able to control the seas 24 hours a day, otherwise we can't do that because our means are limited at the moment. >> reporting on the one libya coast guardianship off the libya coast and thanks so much for that. now armenians marking 100 years since the massacre of relatives and ancestors in what was territory during the first world war and help at the main
memorial in the capitol and thousands armenians lying flags in tribute to those who died. armenia says 1.5 million killed and 20 other governments call the first genocide of the 20th century. turkey disputes figures and rejects the use of the word genocide and we have more. warned the village would be targeted by soldiers. >> translator: my mother covered her face with soot and dressed as a kurd and with my father he is a man with a mustache and asked what nationality are you and told them he was a kurt if they found out he was armenian he would be killed. walked 300 kilometers to safety and mothers abandoned their
children along the way. >> when they were tired they couldn't hold the infants and through them in the river rather than leaving them on the ground where wild animals would eat them. >> eyewitness accounts are on display at the armenian genocide institute and museum. these halls have photographic evidence and footage and written testimonies of the atrocities that armenia say were committed against them between 1915-1923 and beyond. the new exhibition time to open with a centennial commemoration is the first time the mass killings of armenians is shown in the wider context of european and world history. >> genocide is not only part of armenian history and memory at the same time it's part of the turkish history and memory. >> reporter: one of the first visitors to the exhibition he says in addition to remembering
the past armenia is also looking ahead, that is why it's not putting any preconditions for establishing relations with turkey. >> translator: we have not said you should recognize armenian genocide for normal ties our position is fair and constructive. >> reporter: in the open air market many are still demanding acknowledgment from turkey. >> translator: they have to add it and have to admit it i'm a witness. >> wounds need to be healed. >> reporter: the armenian church has cannonized the killing of the victims as saints. centuries old ceremony has not been seen for more than 400 years. armenia message 100 years on it's important to recognize what happened in the past and condemn it holding tragedies like this are not repeated in the future, al jazeera. and leaders from around the world in turkey to mark 100
anniversary for the battle of gallipoli and prince charles and australia tony abbot are among the dignatorys attending and had an allied attack and considered one of the bloodiest battles of the first world war. the chile volcano reached argentina capitol buenos aires and more than 1,000 kilometers away and several area lines suspended flights in and out of the airport as a safety precaution and density of ash will increase over 48 hours and the volcano has been spewing ash and erupted wednesday and thursday and southern chile is still on alert and experts warn a third eruption is possible. now then here is a trivia question for you, which country produces the most down louded mobile phone app in the united states? the answer might surprise you, it is, in fact, argentina which is home to the hugely popular quiz game trivia crack. al jazeera's daniel has more
answers from buenos aires. >> reporter: what is the capitol of bolivia, who won the best oscars and where was picasso born and who thought general knowledge could be such fun, he for one. >> we tend to think the kids don't want to learn, right, but that is not true the truth is that the way the kids learn at this point in history is the same way that they did 100 years before. >> reporter: the 29-year-old founded this while still at university providing apps for the financial world and the latest game in spanish took latin america by storm a couple of years ago, and approved by parents and teachers alike for the educational content. trivia crack questions are updated, discarded and added daily, supplied by the users and taylor made for each country. it has been the number one app in 22 countries and 11
languages. >> the future comes to us and more are starting to disappear and do our job in tokyo or madrid or here. the thing is gathering in a group, knowing where to go and just experimenting and learning and seeing how to be the best in the world. >> reporter: now the company that produces the number one app in the world with 125 million downloads so far, 750,000 new ones per day is not in silicon valley it's not even in a shiny new building in the heart of the capitol city here at buenos aires. this is the company. this textile warehouse in the residential neighborhood is his dad's, the company he wanted young maximo to inherit, his son is occupying ever more space and employing 95 staff from around
the world but not in the way his father had envisioned. >> the united states has a very huge industry and they have very easy access to distribution, to markets all over the world and argentina has a very big lack of internal market unlike the united states and so their focus has to be in bringing things out to other countries to the english speaking market in particular which is the united states. >> reporter: all this and argentina economy is in recession with inflation and many youngsters going to work abroad and what represents iron on the periodic table? easy oh, dear maybe not so easy daniel with al jazeera, buenos aires. it is now a quarter of a century since the launch of the hubble space telescope revolutionized the science of astronomy and sent views of
distant galaxys and expanding universe and tom ackerman takes a look at the past present and future of one of nasa's greatest achievements. >> reporter: in new york city's time square this week the tourists are getting a real time display that is literally out of this world, far, far out thanks to the hubble space telescope which launched in 1990 since then from the or bet 500 kilometers above earth it sent 1.2 million observations by hovering past the earth's atmosphere and haze the accuracy has been likened to seeing a pair of fire flies in japan from the east coast of north america and as a result scientists have the accurate look of planets in the solar system and for the first time identified more planets beyond it. >> the mirror is down on this end and this part points out into space. >> reporter: and wanted deeper appreciation of the immense space.
>> we know thanks to the images there is something like 200 billion other galaxys in the universe each filled with hundreds of billions of stars. >> reporter: gained insight in the course of the universe itself by tracing it backward in time to places more than 13 billion light years from earth. >> the galaxys are not only flying away from each other and they are accelerating so this tells us that the universe is filled with a mysterious energy they call dark energy. serviced in space by astronauts in 1993 a fatal flaw discovered in its largest mirror almost made it worthless but nasa dispatched a repair crew that corrected the error. hubble is expected to keep operating for the next few years but an instrument 100 times more powerful the web space telescope is due to be launched in 2018. >> one of the big hopes is we have web and hubble operating at the same time so that will open up a whole new window on the
universe. >> reporter: a window likely to produce even more revelations about worlds yet to be discovered. tom ackerman al jazeera, green belt maryland. there is much more news on our website and the address to click on to is al jazeera.com, al jazeera.com. the u.n. security council discusses a syrian refugee crisis and neighboring countries say they are stretched too thin to help. meanwhile more than a dozen people are under arrest in italy for planned attacks on the vatican. and comcast drops a multi million dollar bid to buy fellow cable giant time warner. ♪ look at this plus high school go