. >> migrants come to sicily. many traffickers operate out of libya. >> with the libyan coast guards in the mediterranean sea searching for migrants who are trying to reach europe. ♪ >> good to have you with us. i'm david foster. you're watching al jazeera. coming up in the next 30 minutes. yemen's foreign minister said
that there will be no peace until houthi rebels surrender. armenia commemorating what it calls genocide, an account that turkey rejects. and the chilean volcano spewing ash 1600 kilometers away. european union saying it will double the emergency aid it gives to italy, greece and malty. the idea is to deal with the influx of migrants. that money will be used to manage staff reception centers and provide medical aid to people. dozens more arrived in the last 24 hours in the sicilian port of catania, coming ashore on friday, the e.u. also diverting resources saying to stop the
people smugglers themselves. while appearing in court in catania, this man prosecutors say that he was the man at the helm of the boat which collided with a container, a containership that sank off the libyan coast and 700 people dieing there. those numbers contributing to an april record of migrant death at see. 1300 are thought to have lost their lives while making the crossing. we have more from catania. >> is this the face of a traitor in human misery? that's what courts in catania mystified.must decide. he said he was only a passenger on a boat that capsized with the lost of hundreds of lives. others say he was the boat's captain. even if guilty he would surely only be a small cog in a huge business of taking people across the mediterranean. we traveled to syracuse like in
every sicily town there are migrants in the public squares, in the pus stations board, frustrated. planning their next move. we were not allow in the reception center but we spoke with julia who works with a charity inside. she's from syracuse and never imagined she would be an aid worker in her hometown. >> it's very--who can understand it. it's crazy. people should have the right to ask for asylum why it's not possible to die just because of the need to escape from war or poverty. >> and sarah, a my grow biologists who dreams of getting a ph.d in europe. she arrived this week after eight days at sea. they paid 3000 u.s. dollars each to the smugglers.
>> they're just trying to make a business. it's a very big business. >> you don't feel angry towards them. >> no, no they're doing business. they're not forcing you to work. it is your wish. >> they did not mistreat you on the boat? >> no no. >> at the station a group of sudanese are trying to cobble together the take the train north. this is the escape group for many migrants. the majority we have spoken to said that they have no intention of staying here. they think of sweden, germany and united kingdom as countries they would like to get to. sicily and italy is just one stage in their long and dangerous journey. all the time more are arriving on sicily's showers. back at catania harbor the italian coast guard brought 80 africans to port. they know they face many struggles to come. a constant that does not want
them. barnaby phillips al jazeera sicily. >> our correspondent said that this update from outside of the court where the two men charged being in control of that vessel which sank so tragically appeared. >> it's an important case this one. not just because of the disaster that it's related to the loss of almost 800 lives estimated last weekend, the biggest single loss of life in this whole migrant crisis. but also because of the message it sends out. the italian authorities are determined to prosecute traffickers whenever they are arrested. but the challenges that are entailed in that are clear from this proceedings. it was supposed to be just preliminary proceedings. we expected it to take just a couple of hours. but the prosecution chose to call ten witnesses. by the end of the day after ten hours of proceedings we really only completed one witness evidence. they were really going through it in that level of detail. there is interpretation that has to be done both for questions that are being posed to the
witness, and also to the translating the witnesses answers back to the judge. then of course there is the matter of the captain and the ship's mate who will seek to persuade the judge that the charges that the prosecution wants to lay against them are unfounded. it's a big task and it will take considerable time much longer than we expect: the the message that they want to send out is you will be prosecuted if you persist in this activity. >> 228 migrants have been rescued today. nearly all of those are coast guard rescue. out at sea they claim they're traveling from libya. we joined one of the few libyan cost guard patrols. >> we're 30 newtcal miles off the coast of libya.
now this is a tugboat that was made for civilian use that was taken over by the libyan coast guard. you can see hear that they have adopted it with an anti-aircraft anti-aircraft. they say it's for their own security. apart from that they don't have much. now this is one of two vessels that the coast guards have--who have the responsibility over 600 kilometers of coast line. this is only thing that they have at the moment. they say that the means are limited and unless they get support there is little they can do on this side. they also raised the other issue that at the moment they say there is no with the italian navy. theynavy.
now, did i ask them what they thought about the e.u. initiative of targeting the smugglers. they said that this would be extremely difficult because the network of smugglers is extremely extended. >> the instability many people believe is contributing to the flow of migrants across libya and the fighting continues in the most recent attacks 13 people loyal to general halifa haftar. haftar the chief of the recognized government in try brookchief of the army ofthe government in tribruk.
>> at least two soldiers and ten members of the armed group have been killed in two days of clashes. a spokesman said that the operation in the central mountains region of kasserine is still going on and that the soldiers were killed on thursday. they have seen regular violence in the last two years. united nations has invited 9 syrian government and opposition groups to peace talks no month. there have been attacks against regime checkpoints. >> it's a are great view. this vast area overlooks the villages to the north and south. once a peaceful countryside it now has become a battlefield.
government forces have been using it as an attack position against opposition fighters. >> this area was one of the first to reas a result revolt against the regime and has been badly targeted. now it's time to launch an attack. >> the target where three checkpoints as the objective to isolate villages loyal to the regime from those who oppose. >> we started by launching artillery against the barricades and then advanced against the infantry. >> government forces have been met by fierce resistence. the area is strategic to both sides. it's the regimes only link to
the south and northern province >> our main objective is to hit checkpoints and we'll cut off supplies to the regime forces. >> whatever the outcome, it remains an important front line in this conflict without an end. >> there have been more airstrikes from the saudi-led coalition against houthi targets in yemen. forces loyal to the exile presidentedpresident. >> there will be no talks at the present time as long as the houthis and the militias of ali abdullah saleh continue their
crime against the many people and until they put their weapons aside and surrender. >> saudi arabia said that attacks against its security forces have increased. they have arrested this man on suspicion of killing two police officerses. earlier this month in riyadh, 23 years old, they say that he has confessed to carrying out the shootings after meeting someone affiliated with the islamic state in iraq and the levant, isil, in syria. here's mohammed vall reporting in saudi arabia. >> after the investigation with him he admitted to the crime and he said that he was recruit recruited by isis earlier, and that the man--the middle man between him and isis is the man they only know by the name of bujear. and they say he's from north africa judging by his africa. accent.
he was given his weapon and ammunition and said that isis wanted to use him in saudi arabia. they asked him to stay there because of his expertise in explosives, making also in a shooting. and he said that bujears drove the car while he himself shot at the two policeman. also after further investigation the ministry in the statement said that they were able to identity the man who is known by bujears. they say his name is nowa bin sharif, and there is a bounty on his head given to anyone who can help find him. >> still to come on this program, the real project giving archaeologists 2000 years' view of london history.
>> going through the top stories for uneager. double the emergency aid as the migrant crisis more people have died crossing the mediterranean this month than ever before. airstrikes continue in yemen as the saudi-led coalition target and police have arrested this man in riyadh saying that killings are connected to isil. people of armenia are marking a century since the
massacre of relatives and ancestors in what was genocide during the first world war. 1.5 million people died in what they call the first genocide of the century. >> 104-year-old watches his great, great grandchildren play. he was six when he and his parents left their farm in western armenia. his father was warned their village would be targeted by ottoman turk soldiers. >> my mother covered her face with soot. soldiers asked what nationality he was. he said he was a kurd.
if he would have said armenian he would have been killed. he said he would never forget seeing mothers abandon their children along the way. >> when they got tired they couldn't carry their infants any more. they would throw them in the river, that was better than throwing them on the ground where animals would eat them. >> these halls have written memories of atrocityies committed between 1915 and 1915 to 1921 and beyond. >> it is not only part of armenian history memory. at the same time it is
un deniable part of the turkish history. >> he said in addition to remembering the past armenia is also looking ahead. that's why it's not putting any pre-conditions for establishing relations with turkey. >> we have not said that they would recognize the armenian genocide to establish normalized ties. >> many are still demanding acknowledgment from turkey. >> they have to admit it. they absolutely have to admit it. >> for us to go on as a nation the wounds need to be healed. >> the armenian apostolic can you church have canonized the victims as saints. the centuries old ceremony has not been seen for more than 400 years. armenian's message 100 years on is that it's important to recognize what happened in the past and condemn it hoping that tragedies like this will not
happen in the future. >> well, turkey's condemned the russian president vladimir putin for calling armenian massacre genocide. massive sensitivity surrounds the use of the word. in a protest attended by hundreds announcing the armenian claims of genocide calling it a lie. people said that people on both sides of the conflict were killed and denied there was systemicsystemic attacks amounts to genocide. we have reports from istanbul. >> 74-year-old runs a small museum in istanbul. on display are artifacts and wartime military member her belonged to her
father. >> there was a problem between the turkish people and the armenian people. after the armenian were we trait the ottoman government told them that they have to change place. you're killing us. we see that and give them meals, give them dollars. >> according to the general's memoirs it was the armenians who instigated the violence. >> my father said that it was all i have seen the bodies on the ground. >> it was a common narrative. in the past month both the european parliament and catholic pope fran size described what took place 100 years ago as a genocide conducted against the armenians, and it is this word
genocide that continues to be used. >> technically it's wrong because for the term to be applied you need to have systemic initiatives. we know that as a certain facts that were armenians living there there. >> national pride is extremely all the squares have my hugh flags flying high draped across the building. it's this strong sense of patriotism that has people
feeling sensitive. >> these are all large grounds. >> it wasn't the turks who committed genocide. it was the armenians. >> despite the opposing narratives and the tensions that they create there are thousands of armenians who live in turkey. they mark the 100 anniversary freely. concerts are being held in the main cathedral that turkish governments renovated in 2000. they say they're more focused on the future than they are on the past. >> world leaders have been in turkey as well, marking the 100th anniversary of the of the battle of gallipoli. the ottoman forces 100 years ago propelled an ally attack.
police in italy have arrested nine people they say have links with al-qaida. prosecutors claim prospects were involved in an attack of the vatican five years ago an attack that never happened. the suspects are from pakistan and afghanistan. we have more in rome. >> on friday the italian police conducted a nationwide major anti-terrorism operation that led to the arrest warrants of 18 people across italy, now nine of those people were arrested, two of them are suspected of still being at large here in italy, and seven are believed to have been returned to pakistan already. all of them were pakistan and afghani nationals who moved here in 2005. they presented in with the local community, many of them were business owners and well with regarded. finance the terrorist operation
at the board of pakistan and afghanistan and even took part in some of those terrorist attacks including the bombing of a market in october of 2009 which killed more than hundred people. several of the people are suspected to have close ties to osama bin laden during his time of hiding. investigators found confirmation of two people who were asking about his health in particular but the shocking revelation perhaps was that investigators believe that this network was organized some kind of an attack to the vatican as a time when pope benedict xvi was still in office. that attack did not take place in the end yet the vatican issued a statement down playing the threat or the risk, down playing and saying it happened five years ago. and italy and the vatican are still targets of organizations
such as isil, and the stakes are still very high. >> the ash cloud of a chilean volcano has reached buenos aires 1500 kilometers away. let's hear from lucia newman. >> as you can see the it is still huffing and puffing behind me. the real question is whether it's going to blow any more houses down like the restaurant that you see directly behind me. it collapsed under the weight of th volcanic ash and it's not just ash. some of it is stones like this. everything here it covered in cool vanek ash and rock. everybody in this town 4,000 people have been obliged to evacuate. in fact, authorities have asked some of the people throughout these of the day to check on their animals and clear the roads to their houses.
it's really quite amazing the scene here. this ash is very, very thin. you can't see it right now but it's in the air. most people are wearing these masks like this to try to--to avoid breathing disorders. that's one of the things that authorities are most concerned about. but the real problem is we don't know when this is going to end. this explosion, there haven't been any more major eruptions but the seismologists who are keeping close tabs are saying there could be another one absolutely at any time. >> dig deep in london and you'll find more than just dirt. it's an archeological site. jessica went to the site never liverpool street station and took a look down below. >> skeletons of romans living in roman nearly 2,000 years ago found by archaeologists working on a tiny square of europe's largest construction project.
the experts are not sure exactly how the skulls ended up here. possibly washed up in an ancient river or slain gladiators from a nearby arena. over the last few months archaeologists have doug down through four layers of ancient history. they fount victor victorian halls and then mastiff medieval houses. >> we have dug through london, the medieval period the post rome area where the area was covered in marsh. and now down to the roman level where the row than street level was 1900 years ago. >> once the bones and tools and bits of leather and coins are carefully unearthed from the sites they're taken to the museum of london archeological labs where they study and catalog them and learn all sorts of things about history.
>> each skeleton goes through the processing protocol. after pressure washing they're put in a drying room for a few days and then cataloged. because the site yielded so many skeletons more than 3,000 there are plenty of samples to figure out how somebody lived and died in 1659. >> to look at how they may have died and look at the pathogen by looking at the teeth of these individuals, we hope to find out more about how infectious diseases evolved. >> jewelry, coins, and thousands of disposal clay pipes all from the dig. visitors are welcomed. a viewing platform is open during lunch hour. >> viewing london and seeing everything around you. >> under the roman clay lice pre-historic gravel.úthey won't be any humans remains there. that's when the archeologists
make way for a bigger dig, to build a railway ticketing hull, creating another layer of london history. jessica baldwin, al jazeera, london. >> and well worth a walk down there many people tell us here in london. while we are up in the sky you can go to www.aljazeera.com for those stories and a greet deal more. www.aljazeera.com. >> louisiana's bayou, 70 miles southwest of new orleans. this is the heartland of the native american houma tribe. and it's one of the most valuable ecosystems in the entire united states. >> we go to the bayous to provide for our families. everything's there...