an affect and surprise us. >> sharks like affection. >> "techknow". where technology meets humanity. next monday, 6:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america. nepal's prime minister warns the death toll from saturday's devastating earthquake could reach 10,000. ♪ welcome to al jazeera, i'm jane live from our doha headquarters and also ahead a state of emergency in the u.s. city of baltimore with protests over another black life lost in police custody. we meet yemen and trying to escape war and poverty to escape across the border.
a port in scandanavia and a mission on a ship, ♪ it's now more than 72 hours since nepal was hit by a powerful earthquake, that is a crucial time period for rescuers to reach those trapped under the rubble and for many of those in need of help time is running out, let's cross to the historic duba square in kathmandu and sadly getting a sense of the scale of the east coast and seems much larger than we originally thought. >> reporter: that's right, jane the cold hard facts are coming in. so far the government says that over 4,000 people have been killed by this quake, but the prime minister has said now the prime minister of nepal that that number could more than double and this food, water and medicines are in short supply and the u.n. is estimating that
1.4 million people have been effected by this quake so far, these are a few of the facts coming in and as we say we don't know the full scale of the devastation and the figures could easily go up themselves. >> talk us through what is happening where you are, i can see that it's raining and that cannot be helping the rescue effort there. >> reporter: not at all. this morning actually many locals came out to the rubble site and have been coordinating the effort and they have been keeping the public out and blocking the roads for ambulances and digging through and looking for survivors, the international search crews, i spoke to a dutch team that was here late last night and didn't believe anyone was still alive. their dogs had gone around and sniffed and none of them barked and a bark would indicate someone being alive and locals saying they are not giving up the civil defense forces have joined with them in digging through the rubble and they are taking a break now because of
the rain and the rain is really just one of the elements people are battling if you can see over here there is some relief tents set up in the city square and this is a place where people would be shopping this time of day and now it's just a place for people to live and they are too scared to go back in because of aftershocks, there was one last night and if they are outside they get hit by rain and it's one battle after another that people are fighting. >> thank you for that. a curfew has been lifted in the u.s. city of baltimore after a night of rioting and the violence began after the funeral of a black man who suffered a spinal cord injury in police custody and later died and tom ackerman reports. ♪ after his funeral the family of freddy gray had plead for peaceful protests against the police accused of responsibility for his death, what happened instead was waves of young
people roaming the streets of baltimore poorest neighborhoods setting fires, looting grocery stores and a shopping mall and clashing with police, at least seven of them sustaining serious injuries. >> this is not protesting this is not your first amendment rights this is just criminal acts doing damage to a community that is challenged in some ways and do not need this and do not need to be harmed in the way we have today. >> reporter: maryland's governor asked for a state of emergency responding to a call by the city mayor. >> too many people have spent generations building up this city for it to be destroyed by thugs who in a very senseless way are trying to tear down what so many have fought for. >> reporter: in addition to police reenforcements from other
cities up to 5,000 members of the state's national guard have been dispatched to enforce a seven-hour curfew each night for at least the next week and the city schools will be closed on tuesday, an attorney for the gray family said the disturbances should not be a distraction from the demand for police accountability. >> we asked the prosecutors to reexamine their policy and they are brutal to a judge and worse than any country in the world, there is no country that even comes close to the imprisonment of the citizens as the united states of america. reporter: at a meeting the blood street gang and would not give his name said they would join the effort to calm the streets. >> i understand why a lot of individuals are angry. i understand why a lot of people have their minds blown but i do not agree with none of the actually breaking in to stores and looting and everything like
that. we are against that. >> reporter: one of freddy gray's cousins said her family and neighbors never signed up for the violence. now they would be out in the streets helping to cleanup the damage. tom ackerman al jazeera, baltimore. martin is the vice president of the security agency and had a 21 year career in f.b.i. and says baltimore has deep racial problems much like other states across the u.s. >> there is an investigation actually that the city and state are conducting and should be contemplated by the beginning of may and now all that has been reported and one video that was taken is when he saw police in the area he ran, the police pursued him and what happens next. >> running from police of course that doesn't offer grounds for arrest according to what we understand from law professors talking about the supreme court ruling in 1991 florida versus
boston, that doesn't mean you are guilty and should be arrested. >> correct on that that does not mean you should be arrested. however, and again depending on where this happens, the circumstances, if somebody sees police and runs the police could make an assumption he may be running because he committed a crime so they want to identify who that individual is and say that freddy gray and we don't know what happened but he does have a rather lengthy narcotics criminal record there in baltimore, the police may have known who he was and became suspicious when he ran but speculation at this point. >> let's look at some of the facts here that are dugout like aclu if you are a black person in baltimore or you are a white person in baltimore you probably smoke marijuana about the same rate according to the facts but you're 5.6 times more likely to be arrested for that offense than if you are white. is there not a racial element,
is there not something wrong with the way that law enforcement are approaching people in some of these states? >> when you start looking at statistics and you see that yes, that could indicate that there is a problem with that. no doubt i mean baltimore like many large cities in america has its racial problems. this is just the latest flash point between race relations and law enforcement we have seen in other cities just in the last nine months or so because of incidents similar to this. >> reporter: the u.n. envoy to libya has laid out a political agreement to bring together the country two rival government and says the draft plan will call for a separation of powers and for the results of the 2014 election to be respected but as spokesman for triple echl government the general national congress is not happy with the proposal. >> translator: based on our first reading as a negotiating team we believe the draft is
disappointing and say this with no hez hesitation and back to zero point and from what he told us and how he was trying to find a political solution with middle ground respecting the court judgment and respecting results of elections that resolved parliament. aid agencies say fighting is making it difficult to get aid in the country and the humanitarian situation has become catastrophic prompting this court from yemen's information minister. >> translator: what we urgently and basically need is a huge amount of medical supplies food and fuel. we also need makeshift hospitals and medical crews namely specialists in burns and gunshot wounds. more than a month since saudi-led air strikes beganin in
yemen and they arrived at border crossing at saudi arabia. >> reporter: behind this fence is yemen and war and cross these and you hope for the people a month since coalition air strikes on houthi rebels started, civilians continue to leave. these are some of the most vulnerable among them. old men, children parents, and the disabled. >> translator: people like me are especially targeted by the houthis. if they see a bearded man they begin to insult him and kill him or force him to shave his beard. i have seven daughters to raise and went to saudi arabia for safety. >> reporter: they are obviously yemen and other nationalitys including syrians and some stories they tell us are
particularly tragic. we have a syrian who escaped from the war in her country three years ago with husband and baby daughter and the life since this war began is one of desperation. >> translator: my uncle, my grandfather and mother's uncle all died in the war in syria then our house was destroyed so my parents left to egypt and i fled to yemen and i went to syria to come to a bigger war in yemen. >> reporter: the family was living in sanaa by the mountain where war planes bombed a scud missile depot last week and people died when it exploded and both he and her husband were slightly injured when the blast destroyed part of their rented home but they managed to escape along with their daughter now all she wants is to be allowed to join her parents in egypt but she says the egyptian office in yemen denied her the visa.
>> translator: . >> reporter: saudi arabia gave her a temporary visa until she can be sent to another country, she will join other refugees hosted at the border and now she appears to be better of people forced because of strict immigration rules for those without prearranged visas, mohamed, on the saudi/yemen border. two al jazeera journalists due back in an egyptian court later on tuesday. mohamed fahmy and baher mohamed are retried for harming national security and aiding the band muslim brotherhood, charges they and al jazeera reject. still ahead on al jazeera
[whistle] down in burundi as supporters of the president standoff against protesters and they survived a perilless journey across mediterranean sea and what lies ahead for migrant workers once they reach land and we will have a report from sicily. ♪ pch >> i will fight. >> i will never give up. >> you're gonna go to school so you don't have to go war. >> hard earned pride. hard earned respect. hard earned future. >> we can not afford for one of us to lose a job. we're just a family that's trying to make it. >> a real look at the american dream. "hard earned". premiers sunday, 10:00 eastern. only
>> fall of saigon, forty years later. >> we have no idea how many were killed. >> unanswered questions, a botched withdrawal lives lost. examining the impact that still resonates today. a special report starts tomorrow, 10:00 eastern. on al jazeera america. ♪ hello again and you are watching al jazeera and reminder of top stories u.n. warning that 8 million people have been affected by saturday's earthquake in nepal, the
government says more than 4300 bodies have been recovered so far but that death toll could more than double. overnight curfew lifted in baltimore after a night of rioting, violence began after the funeral of a black man who suffered a spinal cord injury while in police custody and died later. yemen's information says people inside the country are in urgent need of medical supplies, food and fuel and aid agencies say fighting is making it difficult to get aid and prompting people to flee to the saudi border and i want to update you on news we told you a little before the break the two al jazeera journalists due in court in cairo today has been adjourned until the 9th of may. let's return to the top story of the earthquake in nepal and they are in urgent need of tents and medical supplies and dozens sent aid and reservoir cue teams and help beginning to arrive and people are frustrated it's not
getting to them fast enough and andrew simmons sent this report on the outskirts of kathmandu. >> reporter: they are fighting over sheets of plastic, anything resembling shelter is in short supply tents are not available now and the crowds are either homeless or refusing to return to their houses for fear of another earthquake. this is where many of them have come from from street to street it's the same homes destroyed the army is trying to save lives, but their success rate has diminished. their efforts now are more directed at recovering bodies. this officer is frustrated he has not got specialized search equipment equipment. >> translator: we have to workman wally he tells me and it would help if we had equipment like sensors.
>> reporter: this is the sort of scene you come across all over this district this had been a really close community and now look at it two families had lived among the ruins, now five people are dead. recovered family photos from the rubble, his only son sony was ten years old and he is dead now aged 2 11. you found him here? >> translator: i found him here and i found the dead body of my son head down and leg up. >> reporter: you must feel broken. >> broken everything and my life is finished. >> reporter: watches over as soldiers use their bare hands in the search for the body of his grandmother, monique, and this
is a different kind and this is going back to the square one of nepal's world heritage sites and devastated by the quake and four buildings dating to the 14 and 15th century have been seriously damaged but for now the priority is life what's left of it not nepal's rich and valuable history. the women have given up any hope of finding their relatives. they are among more than 50 people who had lived at the end of this street, no one here wants to live in a building until they are convinced its safe, the constant fog of funeral smoke hangs over them as if a remainder could be needed how the earth shook and consumed so many people's lives, andrew simmons, al jazeera, nepal. all of the climbers stranded on mt. everest after the earthquake have now been rescued and air-lifted to safety from
camps high on the mountain and triggered avalanches with snow rocks and ice to the camps, at least 18 climbers were killed and most of the camps destroyed. in brazil at least 12 have been killed after mudslides buried houses in salvador and caused hills to collapse destroying dozens of home and the death toll is likely to rise as they search for missing people. a massive tornado has torn through the state of texas, it flattened buildings, crushed vehicles and cut power to thousands of the twister also brought heavy rain which washed out clouds in the nearby city of nepal and so far there are no reports of serious injury. can and tear gas against protesters and the second day crowds rallied against the president's bid to run for a third term in office, from the capitol malcolm web reports.
>> reporter: [chanting] protesters show no sign of backing down and want the president to abandon his bid for a in june election. and supporters say he is entitled to run again. the deaths on the streets only seem to make the demonstrators more angry. >> translator: they want to kill citizens they want to slaughter us like animals. >> reporter: there is a whole crowd of protesters here behind them a burning roadblock, behind that several burning roadblocks going back a kilometer and down the road here riot police and antiriot vehicles and water canon and tear gas and soldiers on the streets and have not been joining in they have been observing to protect civilians. the police wait for orders to advance but the trouble hasn't only been out on the streets. he says he was sitting at home with his neighbors just after
sunset when men wearing new police uniforms came and shot one of them. he died. other people near here think attackers may have been from the youth wing but wearing police uniforms and neither the police or the ruling party were variable for comment. >> they passed the houses and every one he saw on the roads they fight on and saying you must speak to us. >> reporter: just around the block this man says two men in police uniforms approached him around the same time. >> translator: they asked me who will you vote for? the president or the opposition leader? i kept quiet. i did not reply. >> reporter: his wife told us they hit him on the head with a metal bar and he fell unconscious and she escaped the same by saying she supported the
president. back at the protest the standoff reaches the almost inevitable breaking point, when protesters throwing rocks force police back the riot trucks come. the worst unrest the country has seen since the 12-year civil war ended in 2005. and the political malitia or former rebel fighters from the countryside get drawn in people living here say things could get much worse, malcolm web. the families of two australia men could have a final visit and andrew chan and myuran-sukumaran given 72 hours notice of death by firing squad over the weekend and authorities say there is no possibility of any further appeals, eight
others including a woman are also facing execution. greece prime minister says the government is close to initial deal with its international creditors, during t.v. interview he says he believe a first agreement can be struck as early as next week and they have been locked in negotiation over the final portion of a bail out package. a series of migrant tragedies prompted solidarity from the u.n. secretary-general and eu foreign policy chief and the three bordered an italian navy ship on monday and leaders tried to stop migrants dying at sea they have to figure out what to do with those who make it on to land and we reports on the island of sicily. >> reporter: arriving on a ship in the mediterranean sea, is a sea that is a death trap for so many they inspected the latest
search and rescue operations and received a warning from italy's prime minister. >> translator: we italians have a huge heart and doing everything we can but it must be made clear that the problem with the mediterranean is european and a world problem. >> reporter: it took deaths of 800 people in one day for europe to finally respond to this. and continued on monday with 274 migrants arriving on italy's mainland and europe tripled the budget for search and rescue operation triton and destroy the boats that smuggling people across the sea but this is a short-term solution say charities. >> you are going to have to find a way to create legal channels safe channels for those who are entitled to protection internationally and until that happens we can destroy as many vessels as we want and we will not solve the problem. >> reporter: safe channels are not top of agenda for europe and talk of resettlingly 5,000
refugees but 25,000 migrants have already arrived across the sea in the last few months aid agency warn the number could swell to 200,000 by the end of the year. these people were rescued from the sea two weeks ago and now on their way to rome. from there they tell me they want to get to sweden germany and the uk. >> translator: we can't find jobs in italy, it's not possible to study either. if we gave our fingerprints when we arrived we have to stay here and we did not and willing to sale to any country where we can study and why we wish to move on. >> reporter: as they board the bus a boy is left behind he has no money and speaks no english or italian and follow him to where he is staying behind a disused building and a piece of cardboard is his bed and he has friends and 14 years old and one speaks english and frightened if
he is filmed that the government will fine him and for that reason we have not named him and his voice is altered. >> translator: the people here of africa are not like the people of europe and they find out i'm here they will kill my brother. >> reporter: these latest arrivals will have similar stories to tell stories of war, repression and poverty and europe's duty is not just to save those in peril on the sea but also to give them hope charlie with al jazeera. 90% of world trade is transported by ships at sea and means the shipping industry generates huge levels of pollution, but it is cleaning up its act and nick clark reports from gothanburg. >> reporter: the port is sweden's harbor unloading two a minute, 24 hours a day seven days a week,, in fact 11,000 vessels from all over the world
pass through gothenburg every 12 months and it's in the heart of the residential community and shipping is not as clean as you might think. >> shipping has always been stuck more or less with the worst type of oil, heavy fuel oil, heavy fuel oil has a large share of sulfur content and this is in the resent ten years and lifted up as a problem. >> reporter: around the world even when ships are docked they keep their engines running and emissions are a big factor in poor communities, here at gothanburg they have a new system and can plug into green energy on shore and do not need to burn fuel until they leave. they are taking power from the city grid. >> feeding the ships, simple as that. >> reporter: plug it in like at home. >> plug in the cord that is it. >> reporter: recently maritime law changed making it illegal to sail in certain waters with high
sulfur fuel. some are still burning dirty fuel and we will try to see how authorities catch them out and we are going down river to this island where they monitor what is going on with sulfur emissions. guarding the approach here the pioneer swift station and sniffs at the plumes of ships. >> ships can have .1 percent sulfur and lower than just two months ago. the ship is coming past and the emission was a certain amount of sulfur in the fuel and he identified also it's coming from the ship and following criteria and we would not -- we would let the ship go and not put only our black list. >> reporter: of course it will be many decades before all boats around the world are able to follow the g o themburg but it's
the people who live and work here who will benefit and you would like to this that would be reason enough for change nick clark, al jazeera, gothamburg sweden. reading to be done on our website, the address is al jazeera.com. weekend i'm ray suarez, every kid that picks up a high school diploma in june will have taken some version of american history, the gathering debate over a demanding class shows that we are not sure what we wanted to do for students that take a class. do we teach american history to transmit an ideal version, create young patriots or teach a story, warts and all. we'll have that debate with ji