♪ nepal struggles to provide the basic necessities for its citizens after the worst earthquake in 80 years. ♪ hello and welcome to al jazeera, i'm sammy live from doha headquarters and also ahead an overnight curfew in the u.s. city of baltimore has been lifted after violent protests after allegations of police brutality. 40 years after the vietnam war we look at dramatic changes the countries that has gone through. i'm nick clark reporting from the busiest port and they
are clamming down on emissions from ships. ♪ well the u.n. is warning 8 million people have been affected by that earthquake in nepal and for those still trapped under the rubble time is running out, the government says more than 4300 bodies have been recovered but that number could easily double and smoke from funeral funeral parlors are hanging heavy over kathmandu and aid is beginning to trickle in and the u.n. pledging $15 million from its emergency response fund to help victims and nepal prime minister says they are still short of tents and medicine as well as food shelter and water, of course. short supplies continuing aftershocks and mean crowds of people trying to leave nepal
just about any way they can. and let's go straight to our correspondent jamal in the square in kathmandu and tell us a little bit about the situation, how it's developing there. we can see a lot of people behind you. are they starting to get some of the aid trickle in to them? >> reporter: it system co is coming in as a trickle and taking on search and rescue on to themselves and they were blocking the roads from public and keeping them away from buildings and worrying that the rubble still may fall down and searching for the rubble and did find one body there and members from the nepal civil defense organization did come and join them but the rains came people went back for shelter and two international teams, one from may lee maymay malasia and germany
have come and why are they here when tragedies happen and they say simply there is nothing to do and shops and businesses are still closed and want to see the damage and still want to see there are survivors here. as we heard 72 hours is the window and the most likely time to find survivors but that window is now past but search and rescue teams, ones who have just come in this morning and late last night have started coming back to the area hoping to finds one or two people who might still be alive. >> reporter: officials saying they don't have all the basic necessities they need though fez, what are they appealing to the world to help them with? >> well, water, shelter and medicines are the most things in need right now a lot of people i have talked to say they have not received any relief from the government and they received a little bit of food a little bit of water, just from the kindness of strangers but as far as an effective controlled government program, a targeted government
program to help these people they have not been getting anything and u.n. are saying 1.4 million in nepal don't have enough to eat. >> thanks so much fez there. aid supplies have started to move from the capitol into more remote areas and many roads are blocked and travel is slow getting it into the country has also been a struggle and kathmandu's only airport is one runway and clogged with people desperate to leave the country and we have more from kathmandu. >> reporter: kathmandu international airport, the only way in or out of nepal since saturday's quake. those that survived are finding their way there, many have been waiting for days. >> translator: we are from india and a state of federal government is no where in sight to help us. we want to go home but we are desperate and we don't know whether we live or die. >> reporter: others were thankful to have survived.
>> when i get like this is the flag that was at the airport and i built that ten on the first night. it was very raining last night and we have been able to stay dry with that. >> reporter: and while they try to leave search and rescue teams arrive with their trained dogs and this team is from spain. >> it's a desperate situation because people have a possibility drink and wait for ten days but you don't have drink, two days. >> reporter: on the other side of the capitol these are the lucky ones. they survived but haven't eaten for days until now. charities are stepping into the breach lines of people displaced by saturday's quake are there. it's their only source of food. they have lost everything.
scenes like this are common across kathmandu, people continue to dig, many volunteers joining in the rescue and recovery operation trying to find the remains of their homes or people buried under tons of rubble. back at the airport planes are arriving all the time it's working at full capacity the authorities are giving the military priority to go across the quake zone and rescue survivors, help is coming in from abroad too but the lack of space at the restricted airport means a certain number of planes can land. with many roads in nepal badly damaged the airport is vital in the aid effort the first few days after a quake are important to get rescue teams in and to try and find survivors in the outlying areas that have been effected by one of nepal's worst natural disasters, robin with al jazeera kathmandu. national guard called in to
help restore order in the u.s. city of baltimore and there was rioting monday night following the funeral of a black man who suffered a spinal cord injury in police custody and later died and tom ackerman has the latest. ♪ after his funeral the family of freddy gray had pleaded for peaceful protests against the police accused of responsibility for his death. what happened instead was waves of young people roaming the streets of baltimore's poorest neighborhoods, setting fires, looting grocery stores and a shopping mall. and clashing with police at least seven of them sustaining serious injuries. >> this is not protesting. this is not your first amendment rights. this is just criminal acts doing damage to your community that is challenged in some ways that do not need this and do not need to be harmed in the way that we have today. >> reporter: maryland's governor ordered a state of emergency responding to a call by the city's mayor.
>> too many people have spent generations building up this city for it to be destroyed by thugs who in a very senseless way are trying to tear down what so many have fought for. >> reporter: in addition to police reenforcements from other cities up to 5,000 members of the state's national guard have been dispatched to enforce a seven-hour curfew each night for at least the next week the city schools will be closed on tuesday. and attorney for the gray family said the disturbances should not be a distraction from the demand for police accountability. >> we asked the prosecutors to reexamine the policy they are brutal and they are worse than any country in the world. there is no other country that comes close to imprisonment of
the citizens as the united states of america. >> reporter: at a community meeting a member of the blood street gang who wouldn't give his name said his group would join the effort to calm the streets. >> i understand why, i understand why a lot of individuals are angry. i understand why a lot of people are like that but i do not agree with none of actually breaking into stores and looting and everything like that. we are against that. >> reporter: one of freddy gray's cousins said her family and neighbors never signed up for the violence. now they would be out in the streets helping to cleanup the damage. tom ackerman, al jazeera, baltimore. more saudi-led air strikes in yemen targeted weapon storage facilities and military vehicles in sanaa an arms depo belonging to houthi fighters destroyed and the home of houthi leader was hit and aiden and ties forces
loyal to president are engaging in heavy street battles to gail control of strategic positions. aid agencies are warning the fierce fighting in yemen is only making it difficult for them to get aid into the country and some relief officials say the humanitarian situation has become catastrophic prompting this call from yemen's information master. >> translator: what we urgently and basically need is a huge amount of medical supplies food and fuel. we also need makeshift hospitals and medical crews, namely specialists in burns and gunshot wounds. in syria regime forces have been driven out of idlib providence and dozens of vehicles carrying syrian troops could be seen heading to the coast and other soldiers were targeted by rebel forces as they followed on foot and fighting has been raging across idlib since al-nusra captured the town
on saturday. meanwhile the u.s. released pictures showing coalition air strikes against i.s.i.l. targets in iraq and syria and says an i.s.i.l. weapons depo and building headquarters were destroyed. execution of ten people on death row in indonesia creeps closer despite international outcry for mercy. and the u.n. inquiry finds israel killed at least 44 palestinian at u.n. facilities during last year's assault on gaza. ♪
you are watching al jazeera and time to recap headlines and u.n. warning 8 million people have been affected by saturday's earthquake in nepal, the government says more than 4300 bodies have been recovered so far but that death toll could more than double. the national guard has been called in to help restore order in u.s. city of baltimore, there was rioting monday night following the funeral of a black man who suffered a spinal cord injury in police custody and later died. let's take you back to nepal where the government says it's in urgent need of tents and medical supplies and dozens of countries sent aid and rescue team and help is beginning to arrive and people are frustrated it's not getting to them fast enough and andrew simmons sent this from the outskirts of kathmandu. >> reporter: they are fighting over sheets of plastic, anything
resembling shelter is in short supply and tents are not valuable and the crowds are homeless or refusing to return to their houses for fear of another earthquake. this is where many of them have come from from street to street it's the same. homes destroyed, the army is trying to save lives but their success rate has diminished. their efforts now are more directed at recovering bodies. this officer is frustrated that he has not got specialized search equipment. >> translator: we have to work manually he tells me and would help if we had equipment. >> reporter: this is the sort of scene you come across all over this district. this had been a really close community and now look at it. two families have lived among the ruins, now five people are
dead dead. he has recovered some family photos from the rubble his only son sony was ten years old here he is dead now aged 2 11. you found him here. >> i found him here and how i found the dead body of this, my son, head down and leg up. >> reporter: you must feel broken. >> broken everything, my life is fallen my life is finished. >> reporter: he watches over as soldiers use their bare hands in the search for the body of his son's grandmother, monique, she was 87 a short distance a loss of a different kind and this is the daba square one of nepal unesco world heritage site and four buildings dating to the 14
and 15th century have been seriously damaged but for now the priority is life what is left of it not nepal's rich and valuable history and the women say they have given up any hope of finding their relatives. they are among more than 50 people who had lived at the end of this street no one here wants to live in a building until they are convinced it's safe, the constant fog of funeral parlor smoke hangs over them as if a reminder could ever be needed of how the earth shook and consumed so many people's lives, andrew simmons, al jazeera, nepal. now the families of two australia men who face execution in indonesia made what could be the final visit and the mother said he and andrew chan and myuran sukumaran will be shot after midnight and those two and eight hours had 72 hours of death by firing squad over the weekend, indonesia authorities
say there is no possibility of any further appeals, and all ten convicted on drug charges. indonesia president tells al jazeera the executions are needed to send a strong message and we explain from jakarta. >> reporter: mercy poured in from the u.n. and ureuropean union and france and philippines and indonesia and have fallen on deafs at the palace and the president has said he doesn't want to discuss the executions anymore and during an exclusive interview with al jazeera a few weeks ago he emotionally explained why he thinks drug traffickers have to die. >> translator: what is the impact of the drugs they distribute 4.5 million people have to be rehabilitated because of drug abuse. we want to wipe out drugs completely. don't just look at the fate of those who sell drugs, the fate of victims must also be
considered. >> reporter: the president claims that 40-50 indonesia people die everyday due to drug abuse and research provided the figures now say they cannot be verified and, in fact drug abuse reduced in the country and now on the eve of execution new claims emerged that the legal process of the two australians on death row is flawed with rivalry and political interference and amidst that in a country where majority supports it and he says he has to show firmness at all costs. since the vietnam war ended 40 years ago the country has experienced major changes in rapid economic growth and scott reports from the city old and new generations have different visions of the future. ♪ she was 17 when she joined the
war against the united states. with the former comrad in arms they sing a marching song from the time in the jungle a story of how they loved flowers but the enemy the americans taught them to love guns. >> translator: they raised spirits and made our tough life much better. >> reporter: 40 years ago with north vietnamese hours away from taking saigon people fled in any way they could. >> translator: they were vietnamese too with red blood and yellow skin like me and why they not protect the country and when we unified i could see it and most people were doing it for the family. >> reporter: it was this morning, a tank rolling through the independent palace that marked the end of an era seen around the world it became the symbol of the fall of sigain.
this is the gate and the four decades that unfolded since it came crashing down the country ruled by communist party and economy is booming and generations born after the war are thriving. embracing western culture they enjoy life in ways unthinkable just after the war. and many realize they cannot expect a better life to be given to them by the government. >> translator: i think my future depends on me if i choose a good way it will be bright. >> reporter: but some feel there is a cost to this system. >> absolutely embraced global capitalism and the politics and rhetoric have not changed very much and it is still very very sensitive about any criticism, any institutional, any individual who could in any way be seen as challenging the government's absolute control. >> reporter: so as vietnam leader mark history and celebrate peace through
reunification and the younger generations have a new era for the country as prosperity bounds and this living in a political system that is still led by the ideas of the father of vietnam's communist party, scott with al jazeera in the city. let's take a closer look at how news shaped the way people at home viewed the war, the death of civilians and a coup against the south vietnamese president at the end of 1960 started to change how vietnam was viewed by the media, initial coverage generally supported u.s. involvement in the war but all that changed after the ten offensive which saw the north vietnamese captured towns in the south and horrific images of the u.s.-led massacre dominated television coverage leading to intensified antiwar protests. earlier i spoke to michael nicholson a war correspondence correspondence dents and he was there when it fell and the aftermath is a personal
experience. >> especially surrounded by all this so much of this we filmed with the little girl running in front of the tank we actually filmed that. >> how did coverage really develop? >> you know vietnam unlike any other war i think before or since for the international press known as the american press, the difference was censorship. there was none in vietnam. every other war that i have ever covered there is somebody's shoulder telling me what the write and what not to write or film or not to film. you could do anything we wanted and we were freewheelers. >> how has it changed since the vietnam war with the relationship between journalists and governments? >> embedded is one of these odd little names that is invented to cover up what it is and that is censorship and nowadays embedded means you go with military and see what they want you to see
and you report only what they will let you report and that is called embedding and supposed to be a cooperation and it's nothing of the kind. so after vietnam the americans realized you could not give a freewheeling press open access. >> reporter: let's bring you news coming in to us now and at least 52 people are feared dead in the massive landslide in northeastern afghanistan. it happened in a remote part of the province, afghan officials say the only way to get into the area is by helicopter with surrounding roads covered in snow. the retrial of two al jazeera journalists in egypt has be adjourned until may 9, mohamed fahmy and baher mohamed are charged with harming national security and aiding the banned muslim brotherhood, charges they and al jazeera reject. the u.n. inquiry has found
israel killed at least 44 palestinians at u.n. facilities during the gaza conflict last year. it also found that palestinian armed groups hit weapons at three other empty u.n. schools in gaza and james base reports from ed headquarters in new york. >> reporter: it was part of the devastating war on gaza last summer. u.n. schools seven in total, supposed to be emergency shelters for civilians attacked in total 44 people killed, 277 injured. u.n. secretary-general banky -- ban ki-moon and there is a summary and the full report is confidential and a letter from ban ki-moon which finds israel responsible for all seven attacks. i deplore the fact that at least 44 palestinians were killed as a result of israeli actions he says. but the letter goes on to also
refer to the discovery of hamas weapons on u.n. premises. the u.n. briefing i saw some clarity on this. >> is it true the seven schools that were hit with the loss of 44 lives that were all designated as emergency shelters were all hit by israel, is it true that the places where weapons were found were completely separate schools that were vacant and not designated as emergency shelters? >> i just refer you to the language of the report which is a summary of the report which states the details and you can see that the facts are there. you're right that there is a difference between the three schools where weapons were found and the seven other sites that were attacked. >> reporter: the palestinian ambassador had this reaction. >> what is the secretary-general is planning to do in holding israel accountable for these
crimes committed against civilians which there is no money in the world that can substitute for the value of a life of 44 palestinians that were killed and 277 of them injured. >> reporter: this report could be extremely important, since last summer's gaza war palestine has become a member of the international criminal court, already the chief prosecutor of the court has launched a preliminary examination to see whether there should be a formal investigation into the gaza war and she is bound to want to read the findings of this report extremely carefully, james base al jazeera at the u.n. the biggest shipping port trying to cut pollution and nick clark reports. >> reporter: this is sweden's trading hub loading and unloading 900,000 containers a year that is two a minute 24 hours a day, seven days a week and 11,000 vessels from all over
the world pass through here every 12 months and the port lies in the lands of the city's residential community and shipping is not as clean as you might think. >> shipping has always been stuck more or less with the worst type of oil, heavy fuel oil, heavy fuel oil has a large share of sulfur content and this is in the resent ten years lifted up as a problem. >> reporter: around the world even when ships are docked they keep their engines running their emissions a big factor and illnesses in poor communities, here they pioneered a new system, some ships can plug in to green energy generated on shore so they don't need to burn fuel until they leave. so they are taking power from the city. >> from the city grid feeding the ship, as simple as that. >> reporter: plug it in like a plug at home. >> plug in the cord that is it. >> reporter: recently maritime law changed, making it illegal to sail in certain waters
including here with high sulfur fuel. the thing is some vessels are still burning dirty fuel and we will see how authorities try and catch them out and we go all the way down river to this island which is where they monitor what is going on with the sulfur emissions. guarding the approach here the pioneering new sniffer station which sniffs out exhaust plumes of passing ships. >> right now ships are allowed to have .1 sulfur in the fuel and it's actually like a revolution an order of magnitude lower than actually two months ago. the ship is coming past and now we will we will hit it and certain amount of sulfur in the fuel and identify also it's coming from the ship and following the criteria and we will not let the ship go and it will not be put on our black list. >> reporter: many decades before all boats around the world are able to follow the green lead and ultimately it's