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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  May 2, 2015 7:00pm-8:01pm EDT

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>> techknow's team of experts show you how the miracles of science... >> this is my selfie, what can you tell me about my future? >> can affect and surprise us. >> sharks like affection. >> "techknow". where technology meets humanity. monday, 6:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america. > this is al jazeera america, i think erica pitzi in new york. here are the top stories - a massive crowd gathers in baltimore for a victory rally, a day after charges are fired against six police officers for the death of freddie gray. in earthquake nepal survivors are desperate for aid as supplies are stacking up at the country's airport thousands rescued off the coast of libya. others are finding new routes into europe much
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and to mark international space day we talk to a vet reason astronaut about the challenges ahead for space exploration. in baltimore and across the nation people have taken to the streets in victory marches for freddie gray. this comes a week after charges against six police officers have been announced. from baltimore to beverly hills protesters celebrate the charges and say this is the first step. in seattle things turned violent when protesters hurled bottles at a police officer who responded with tear gas. >> in baltimore thousands marched to city hall taking up the rally cry, it is right to rebel. john terrett joins us live. set the scene for us what is
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the mood line today. >> good evening. well, i can tell you that this march and rally was part celebration of freddie gray's life and part victory rally for the fact that there were police officers now facing very serious criminal charges, including murder, as you know. that is very serious. i have to say it was a party atmosphere outside city hall. one couple turned up in their wedding gear he in his suit she in her wedding gown. one thing riled the crowd, and that was the reference to thugs by the mayor of baltimore and the governor of maryland they said no, these are our kids we wouldn't be her without them. many of the children that were at the mondaya win mall are
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here. we'll hear from some in a moment. first of all from a single mum. >> we hear there'll be charges. it's a long process one victory is out of the way. >> i see a lot of stuff happening. as an urban planner, i'm not surprised with what i see. two voiceses from the crowd that i estimate to be between 8,000 and 10,000. waiting for the official figures to go in. bigger than the rally last week where are the marchers now?
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good question. the marchers marched to camden yard when there was a boston red sox. it was at this point we got the first taste of what was to come. this week something different happened. it was a celebratory march. they have gone to west-north and pennsylvania avenue that is where the first c.b.s. was burnt, and where they are heading to now. they'll have a rally there. the nature of this thing is peaceful i stress that. >> let's talk about the curfew. will it be enforced tonight like it was last night? yes, it is. that's another thing that angered the crowd. every time the issue of the curfew came up, there was cheering and cheering in the crowd about this. they said "look, we are not animals, we don't need the army
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we can police ourselves, send the army away", that will not happen. the governor said it will be right through this weekend to next. lots of people want the mayor to lift it. one side note the gangs bloods and cripps were on stage at one stage. they are anxious to point out that they are not out to get the police. there was a rumour that they were out to get the press. they say that is not fru true. it seems the bloods and cripps appear to be policing the area of baltimore where this happened in the immediate future thank you john terrett, live from baltimore. more on the rallies in the next half hour, and a live report on businesses calling for an end to the curfew that is coming up at 7:30 eastern, 4:30 pacific. >> last week's earthquake in nepal claimed for than 6,800
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lives. this includes 54 foreigners. 14,000 are recovering from their injuries. aid is arriving. the united nations said that vital supplies are held up by inspections at kathmandu airport. the u.n. is calling on the nepalese government to loosen restrictions. u.s. military personnel is due to ask to get the areas to outside of kathmandu. survivors in nepal are getting straight. they are not willing to sit back and wait. volunteers are taking matters into their own hands. >> reporter: tired of waiting, they decided to act. >> translation: our local volunteers using their own transport aches going to relief -- transforation, going to relief areas. >> reporter: in this building they chart the disaster collecting donations, deploying
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in order to deliver medical supplies and food. what is happening here is remarkable. youth activists, students and others are taking matters into their own hands, and doing all they can to deliver aid here to those that need it most. going to areas the nepalese government and other international aid groups have not reached. anyone is welcome to join. for one simply reason. >> translation: there's no proper mobilisation of youth ready to help. it's why the mission is vital. in the capital suffering can be seen anywhere you look one reason anger only is greying. a sentiment the group resists. >> we need to come together and stick together and be together regarding what is happening around us. with street scenes like these, a disturbing reality. it's a home-grown message of
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hope and resolve needed more than ever. this week a military campaign in nigeria rescued a total of 700 women and girls from a boko haram stronghold. as ynonne ndedge reports, more detailed information about the girl's release is hard to come by. >> we have made requests to the military about the information, the circumstances in which 234 people have been rescued from boko haram in the forest. in the last few moments we received some information from the authorities. they say the usual circumstances, assault from the camp in which people were found and freed. there are casualties of boko haram fighters, not clear how many boko haram fighters may have been killed and the operation is going on. we understand from earlier in
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the week that there is a screening and profiling process taking place in which the identities of the people freed will be ascertained. now, the campaigners for the chibok girls, the 200 or so kidnapped in april last year, 219 are missing. the campaign to find and rescue the girls demand whether the military confirm whether the chibok girls are among those found, and the identities of all those rescued be publicised. that call has not been heeded secretary of state john kerry arrived in sri lanka today. he spoke to the legislative capital of colombo about the united states desire to renew ties with the south asian nation. they had strained relations in recent years. the former sri lankan president accused of human rights abuses during a conflict with separatists. secretary of state john kerry
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asked the country to vet the crimes. after his signature, kerry heads to africa. stopping at kenya, where he'll talk about security and economic growth with security leaders, and travel to djibouti, where the u.s. is coordinating much of its counter-terrorism work in the horn of africa. rosalind jordan has more. >> reporter: whether in somali djibouti kenya or uganda people in the horn of africa know the threat that is al-shabab. >> it's certainly the most serious security threat in somali which is an important country in the east africa region. we are seeing, over the last three years or so, ever since kenya invaded somali in 2011, it's become a greater threat to kenya al-shabab, what the u.s. calls a designated foreign terrorist organization is not as strong as it used to be. it's been forced out the mogadishu, into the countryside
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by government troops and forces. it's been targeted by drone strikes. it's still lethal. >> in kampala, uganda in 2010, al-shabab set off bombs at two public screenings at the world cup. more than 70 were killed. in kenya al-shabab struck. in september 2016, 72 were killed when the group stormed nairobi's westgate mall. at the beginning of april, al-shabab fired on students at garisha college. 137 people were murdered. so when secretary of state john kerry visits nairobi and djibouti analysts say he'll bring a message of economic political and moral support. what will not be on offer, promises of increased military involvement. washington is reluctant to do so sense the black hawk down
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debacle of 1991. observers say such an offer wouldn't be popular. >> the u.s. didn't colonize any parts of africa. there are leaders on the continent that talk about the neoimperialism of the united states and they do that because it gets resonance with their audience we have to be careful. >> meaning john kerry's visit to the region will be more about moral support and the fight against al-shabab, rather than the u.s. doing the fighting for them u.s. military officials say the combined joint task force against i.s.i.l. aimed 24 air strikes at targets over a 24 hour period. u.s. and allies attacked 17 sites in syria and seven in iraq. strikes took place friday and saturday. 52 civilians were killed in aleppo when the coalition attacked the city. the u.s. military says it's
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investigating the allegation. a dramatic day in the mediterranean as 2400 migrants were rescued. the italian cost guard saved the foyagers after -- foyagers after boats ran into trouble off of libya. there were several different operations. more from sicily. >> when you talk about 2000, these are unprecedented numbers. there were separate rescue operations by the italian navy and the coast guard, involving navy patrols, customs officials and a french navy vessel that arrived as part of operation titan. when you look at the figures it's concerning. there's one french vessel here. that took part as well in that
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operation today. we are told perhaps, there's another german ship a british naval vessel but not committed as to how they'll operate. will it be a coordinated effort. through the tritan system. it's complicated. 2,400 rescued in a day. no fatalities were reported today. >> danny dekeyserstephanie dekker reported young children in the u.s. continue to make the journey to cross into this country illegally. they are fleeing poverty. in the next hour we look at the american child migration crisis. >> accusations, the american psychological association helps the c.i.a. justify the use of torture, and the use of techniques used in torturing people. cuba's tight reins over the internet and how citizens are finding ways around government
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control. stay with us.
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rallies continue across the nation. one day after charge are filed against officers involved in the death of freddie gray. now, to ohio, and another case adding to the national race debate involving police. the trial of a cleveland police officer charged with two counts of voluntary manslaughter after firing 49 shots into a carat the end of a -- car at the end of a police chase much the african-american victims were unarmed. bisi onile-ere has the story. >> he has his problem and issues but for the most part he was a decent human being and loved people and was trying to get his life together. >> reporter: on a gold november night two years ago timothy russell's life was cut short. take me back to the day when you learnt your brother was dead. >> i didn't believe it was him. >> reporter: michelle russell had seen the images on tv.
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an old blue chevy malibu riddled with bullets - the driver and passenger dead. hours later she learnt her brother tim was behind the wheel. and melissa williams was his passenger. >> i didn't understand how could this be. what happened. >> reporter: it began when police spotted russell and wilson homeless, driving in an area known for illegal drugs. when the officer tried to pull the 43-year-old over for a traffic violation, russell hit the gas. officers heard a noise coming from the vehicle that was similar to that of a gunshot. a high-speed chase ensued. [ siren ] [ siren ] for over 20 minutes dozens of vehicles trailed russell through cleveland. the chase ended when officers unleashed gun fire. police fired 137 shots. both russell and williams were
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unarmed. what was your reaction to seeing that those - those photos seeing that over 130 shots were fired into your brother's vehicle? >> i thought it was totally unnecessary. i mean granted he did not pull over for whatever reason - again, we don't know. he could have had a valid reason for not pulling over. he did not deserve to be shot up like that. >> why do you think it is that he didn't pull over? >> i believe he panicked he was scared maybe was in fear of his own life. >> reporter: of 13 officers that fired shots, 31-year-old michael brelow fired the most. reloading his gun two times, before climbing on to russell's vehicle and firing through the windshield. the former marine was the only officer charged. >> i have never been so afraid for my life.
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>> reporter: he faces counts of manslaughter. >> i thought my partner and i would be shot and kill. >> reporter: what would you like to happen to the officer on trial? >> this is a hard question. to be honest for you, i'm not looking for - i'm not looking for ill will towards the officer. my issue is i'm looking for the truth. i want the truth to come out. so far what i have seen and heard being addressed in the courtroom, to me is just not getting to the truth. >> mr brelow was the driver of the par, fired 49 times at least. >> reporter: during trial the defense argued that officer brelow who climbed on the trunk of russell's car, before jumping on the hood acted in self-defence. >> he jumped on the car not because he wanted to be rambo, he wanted to survive.
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>> reporter: michelle russell took the stand, saying for years her brother battled an addiction to drugs and suffered mental illness. >> reporter: did your brother have previous run-ins with the law. >> he had another issue where he tried to outrun the police. that kind of stemmed from the drugs. he was trying to outrun the police in the past, but again, he wasn't trying to kill anybody. >> if any good could come out of his death and melissa's death this tragedy, it's that it brought the light of the state of ohio to the attorney-general's office and the department of justice. it brought their focus in on the police department. >> this stuff has been going on for decades. if because of technology, social media, cell phone, pictures cameras that you take the photos and capture it, it's been
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exposed. >> russell is searching for answers. >> and that since day one has been my mission, trying to figure out what the heck is the real story. >> you don't think you are told the real story. >> no i don't believe the police's version of the story of what they claimed happened. >> the officer's fate is in the hands of a judge, in light of event that unfolded in baltimore. leaders are asking for calm. the city says it has been planning and is prepared for anything the nation's biggest scun tisk and profession -- scientific and professional organization of psychologists may have secretly worked with the bush administration on c.i.a. interrogation programs. according to the "new york times," a group learnt the association was used to bombs center legal justification for
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torture. is it has been denied. according to an investigation psychologist helped to prepare the interrogation, and jard says there's -- jacob ward says there's little dins between physical and psychological torture. >> once upon a time torture was a matter of inflicting pain. in the modern era pseudoscience created new methods of applying mostly psychological pain. i'm talking about sleep depravation, mock executions threats to family members. they have the advantage of leaving little or no physical trace on the body depriving victims and courts of evidence. the thing to understand is that the researchers that looked at the distinction between physical and psychological tart tour found in the end the effect on the victim is roughly the same.
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whether it's the body or the mind whether the victim has been sexually assaulted or meld in a state of anxiety, the common effect the is disint deprags of the personality, the -- disintegration of the personality. it to to bring the person to where they lose hope of control, freedom in complicity and can do nothing else but comply. here is a piece of hor joe. the intelligence community employs the intelligence science board, and they put together a report on interrogation and coercion and found none of the interrogation techniques used by the u.s. have been subjected to scientific inquiry or valuation. using the bucket to produce a sensation of drouping or doing it to someone has no purchase
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ability to get truthful information out of someone. whether torture is just fide - let's put that aside - here is what we do know. u.s. personnel knew how harmful torture could be on their victims. they did it impair. they ignored what science also nose - there's no proven ability for torture to get useful information out of anyone whatsoever. for decades the cuban government kept tight controls on information, deciding what will be shown on movie theatres. many on the island do not have internet access. cubans found ways to keep up with the latest shows and sports games. ross shimabuku daniel schweimler went to havana to find out why. >> this is the tourist guys, the official view of how young cuban
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entertain themselves. gathering on the seafront because there's not much else to do. >> but there is. cubans have the weekly packet. no one asks where it comes from or where it goes. what is important is people have what they want, the latest. people need to be entertained. and television doesn't provide the information. carlos is a distributor working from a tiny apartment filling discs and pen drives with programming from latin american soap operas to spanish football the latest drama series and films. it costs a couple of dollars, while the content is fresh, and the price drops. >> translation: this is a cuban film to be released in the cinema. it's excellent. i realised they banned it. people already had it. they saw it. it's a great film with fremedz
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acts while happy to talk to us he wants to maintain a low profile. and the authorities seem happy to see "the weekly package" spread across the island while it contains no pornography or overt political messages. all of these people when they get home from work or school watch pretty much what everyone else watches - soap operas drama and sport. how they get it is a mystery. few know and those that do are not telling. for "the weekly packet", it's not sanctioned by authorities. it is brought in maces like this one, but they refuse to be interviewed or filmed inside. some are advertising. >> translation: "the weekly packet" is so diverse and sells across the country, you are guaranteed a number will see the
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service that you are offering. >> reporter: the cuban government said with the economy opening up it wants a dramatic improves in communications. until they have unrestricted access to the internet "the weekly" packet will provide all their needs. celebrations continue in baltimore. ♪ i got a feeling ♪ ♪ someone trying to hold us back ...♪ meanwhile businesses calling for an end to the curfew, and an ebola victim thought to be free of the virus passes it on through sexual contact. the first such case in 40 years.
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welcome back to al jazeera america. here is a look at the top stories - in baltimore and across the nation people have
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taken to the streets in victory marches for freddie gray. it comes a day after baltimore announces charges after six police officers involved in his death. the massive earthquake in nepal last week reportedly claimed 7,000 lives. another 14,000 are recovering from their injuries much the united nations said that vital supplies are held up by custom inspections at kathmandu airport. 2400 migrants have been rescued in the mediterranean. the italian coast guard working alongside the vessels saved the voyages after boats ran into trouble. >> thousands turned out for a protest a day offerafter charges from filed against the police officers. they will not stop until they are convicted. protesters hurled bottles and
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wrenches at officers. thousands in baltimore came out calling for a conviction and demanded justice. life in baltimore is slowly returning to normal. not everyone is happy with how the situation was handled in baltimore. melissa chan joins us from baltimore with more. good evening. >> i want to give you the latest. a few minutes ago the maryland police commissioner and others gave a press conference confirming that the curfew is going to remain in place. all week we have looked at protests in the city. the violence was in part ignited and in response to police brutality, and yet interesting is that law enforcement had to be brought in in order to stop much of that violence. we decided to take a closer look at the complicated relationship. >> reporter: almost a week after the unrest in baltimore, for the
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most part city life has resumed. the national guard played a pivotal role in quelling the violence. some felt they had controlled and protected certain neighbourhoods over others. most property damage occurred in poor areas. they have only been in downtown areas over west. there has been looting and things on this side as well. if that spills over they will be ousted. >> one place the national guard maintained a presence is inner harbour, a beautiful part of the city that looks nothing like the rest of the baltimore. it's where tourists and rich suburban its come. scenic baltimore in the affluent district, and a reminder that as reinforcements streamed in habs receive more protection than the have not. in the end people uncomfortable with strong arm tactics admitted they'd rather have the national guard here than not. >> everything going on they are
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here for our protection, to keep you hurting one another and breaking down stuff. now, it depends on what area of the city you are in if you are intimidated by them or feel threatened but they are not. they are here to keep the piece. >> reporter: a city with enough empty boarded up buildings has seen more damage done with much of the acknowledge talks believed by many to be rooted in poverty. >> they don't clear the basketball courts they don't have nothing. they make their own entertainment. they make their own entertainment. you have a lot of challenging young youth in the neighbourhood. don't nobody give them a chance. >> reporter: baltimore's story is not unique. as the trouble played out, some members of congress pushed to cut housing and urban renewal countries. a budget windfall for low income
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housing would not solve all problems, but would take the edge of shattered neighbourhoods like those seen here. it's a conversation a lot of people are having. we have a situation where there's a great divide between the rich and poor and race and poverty. the connection between police and the poor. neither conversations baltimore will need to have in the weeks and national conversation. >> you talk about the economic divide. let's talk about how businesses cope under this curfew. >> at the moment there's not a dollar figure. in the coming days we may see dollar victims. there has been an impact and here is what people in the community have had to say. >> we'll do a nice crowd, but
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after 3 o'clock one person come in every hour and it's 10-20 people coming in there's a cop stand flow. it's killing us. >> i have to tighten up my belt for this month. like i said hopefully in the next few weeks things will turn around and we can get back to business. i feel like a lot of business will be killed for the city for what we have been doing in the city. >> and i do want to take the opportunity to put this in context. a lot of people we spoke to lost a couple of days of work or few days or hours. they said they understand why people are protesting and, really, this is not about money. it's about something more important. a man died. even though a lot of people have had an impact economically they said that they do support the protests. all right. melissa chan live for us in baltimore. thank you. baltimore released pictures of
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six police officers charged in the death of freddie gray. the officer driving the vehicle, caesar r. goodson has been charged with second degree murder and faces up to 30 years. other charges against the others raping from manslaughter to assault. they can serve between 3 to 10 years. the attorney-general stressed justice would be sought no matter what. >> my administration is committed to a fair justice system for all. no matter who your occupation, aim, race colour or creed joining us live from baltimore is reverent ron owens, who organised freddie gray's funeral. hopefully we'll connect with him soon. stay with al jazeera for more on the arrests and protests in baltimore. back to maryland at the top of the hour as demonstrations
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continue through the night. 8:00 eastern, 5 pacific. nepal's national emergency operates reportedly says the death toll from last week's earthquake has past 7,000. 16,000 are injured. the new numbers hours after up up-u.n. officials and supplies aredly up by customs officials. the supply of clean water is running low. some villages devastated by the earthquake have seen no aid at all. andrew simmonds reports. >> reporter: through the himalayas on an old trade root to the chinese border. natural beauty is scarred by what nature inflicted on the country a week ago. with all the ruined buildings, for now a way of life has been extinguished. without their homes, without their farm buildings, how can people plan ahead? and without loved one how can
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they cope? that is a question going through the mind of a girl wearing the pink coat. reshma's mother and baby brother are buried in the rubble. reshma is 11 years old, standing with her grandparents wishing her mother and brother could still be alive. for three days they watched from the pavement. a chinese safe and rescue team took over the operation. but with such an odour in the air, they are not expecting to find more alive. resh ma's feels that all hope is lost. >> my daughter-in-law and grandson are beautiful. the tragedy is unbearable i'm not sure how we'll manage. we lost everything. my son reacted badly. he doesn't have work and i feel i have lost him. >> reporter: it's too much for
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resh-ma, her father is in shock what has taken to drink. he has not been seen for hours. searching turns to night. the darkness can't fade out the pain. the chinese search team plan on how to tackle the next day. reshma's grandfather wants to hear news. the only development is his son suddenly appearing. slurring his words because of the alcohol, but clear in his thoughts. >> translation: it's a dire situation. my wife and baby son are buried here. many are buried elsewhere. what is the government doing? we have nothing. please tell the government we hardly have anything to eat. >> reporter: not far away the flames of protest, people demanding food and shelter. reshma is spending another night upped plastic sheeting as her
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shelter, vouched by relatives. her grandmother is unwell. what goes through the mind of an 11-year-old in this situation. her cousins try to light ep the mood -- light ep the mood. daylight brings reality. it's the start of another day, and the chinese search and rescue team are back on the ground. it appears they may have found a body. mother and baby son are found huddled together. it was never going to be a rescue. reshma's family moved down the road away from the crowd, trying to seek privacy for their grief. this earthquake doesn't even allow dignity with the lives it takes. mother and baby don't get a hearse or a car for the journey for their cremation, the bodies passing a family that can't absorb what the shaking earth took from their lives. a father who can't face to what
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happened and a girl who faces an uncertain future, without the love of a mother. le we'll get there, here we go - it's been a century since man's first walk in space. >> this is houston coming up the future of the space programme from someone who has been there - a former space station commander. tonight, the big fight in vegas, one of five events on this super saturday. stay with us.
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victory rallies for freddie
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gray continue through the night in cities across america. joining us life from baltimore is ref rend ron owens. he organised freddie gray's funeral. thank you so much for joining us. we appreciate it. we know you were with freddie gray's family last night. >> thank you so much for having me. >> how are they reacting to the news of the charges? >> i think they are - last week when we talked i told you their grief was temperate by a sense of tragedy looking at a city in chaos that they love. tonight very a tonnes of grief and tempered by tonnes of joy with expectation that they'll finally get justice. >> looking down the road are the charges enough for the community to feel justice or do they need to see convictions to feel fully vindicated? >> i think they are waiting for justice.
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if in fact they can proa good case citizens of baltimore will hold their piece. anyone with sense will see justice has to be served and will come with an access request. >> you have been alongside other leaders and marchers in the city. how has the climate changed? >> i think the climate changed a great deal. the massive amount of people that you see down town just a week ago we were crammed in a crowded square with tonnes of newsagencies with no play to stay or move or play. to my left you see a tonne of kid in the grass kicking balls. someone asked me earlier what it's like. i said it's like moving a pot of hot water off of a hot stove. it is cooling day by day. >> you mention the kids you see playing. we see a lot of young people at the rallies.
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mother are bringing sons particularly today in the victory rallies, and in maryland's speech she engaged the youth of the city saying it's their moment. urging them to use peaceful rallies to create systematic change. how important is this point to make. do you think it will get young people involved? >> i think what you saw yesterday was two fold. i think you saw our state's attorney doing a marvellous job engaging the young people to use anger and sense of disillusion, and a sense of unfair treatment, positive engagement. when i watched monday's episode, what i thought about was a third world change, like the gaza strip, like rocks for bullets. it was what i realised is that oppression universally around the globe in america, in israel in the west bank in syria,
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wherever oppression is people respond the same way. there's a sense of uncontrollable anger and passion. but once they feel that that anger and passion is being attended to in the sense of fairness and justice, you begin to see people reach for reasonable means to express how they feel. >> thank you. all right. reverend ron owens live in baltimore, thank you for joining us. del walters is here with a look at what is coming up in the next hour including the top story, the rallies in baltimore and across the face. >> and as you have reported a lot are calling it a victory rally, an announcement that six police officers in their custody have been charged with his death. protesters say it shines a light on another problem, of police brutality in the system. days after the riots, we'll look at the troubled times of baltimore through the eyes of a
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life-long resident of charm city and we revisit the story of children from central america, smuggled into the u.s. in record numbers. do authorities stem the flow? we find some victimized after they across the boarders. >> see you at 8 o'clock another step forward in the race to be the first company to carry civilians into space. >> and lift off. a company owned by the founder of amazon.com launched its first experimental space shift. blue arnalin owner jeff bazo auld it a success and plans to send the unmanned spacecraft up dozens of times before test pilots will be used. this year marks 50 years since the first space walk. a russian cosmo naught was the first than to float beyond the bounds of his capsule.
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a few months later ed-white accomplished his first walk. joining us live from houston is leroy chow a former astronaut and commander of the international space station. thank you for joining us leroy, as we celebrate 50 years since the first space walk. what is the difference between that time and now in terms of space exploration? >> well back then really the pioneers of the first rocket flights and space walks. they were the ones that paved the way. back then they were unreliable space shoots basically invented them. they were trying it out for the first time. it was not without a few complications. it was not without complications that they executed the first and barely made it back inside. those that followed sure saluted him. later in houston for a celebration, they join us.
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>> we have seen several missions involving robotic explorations. how important are these missions? >> they are important. there's talk of a human exploration programme, versus an unmanned probe. to me they dovetail and we need the probes to go out first measure the environment and let us know what they are in for before the humans come behind. we did that with the moon, and you see it on mars and other areas of the solar system. >> international space day was created to get the young generation interested in space and maths. without the draw of human missions kids will not walk on the moon. how do we get them excited. >> as you mentioneds the unmanned missions are exciting. the pictures from the rovers spacecraft and orbiting mars are interesting. it helps to keep the dream
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going. human space flight touches who we are. we identify with explorers when we are there. it's the same thing with mountain climbers and those that explore the death of the sea. for my generation, it was the apollo programme, the moon program inspiring me, and the space shuttle and programs coming along. including as you mentioned the commercial ventures. it's adding a twist. it's exciting. i hope the next generation will be as exciting as i was. >> if a young person want tos become an astronaut, what qualifieses would they need to have -- qualifications would they need to have and how would they train. >> n.a.s.a. recruits from the military and civilian side. i came through the civilian side. both requirements are about the same. you need a bachelor's degree in science, engineering or a medical degree and be in excellent health. for young people i talk to i say
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look it doesn't matter if you want to be an astronaut or anything else. the two things that are important is to do well in school, and make the right choices and stay healthy. after that it's been following a dream, a passion, and not being afraid to go for. >> you did. leroy chow former astronaut and demand commander international space station. thank you pope francis celebrated mass. he is expected to canonize the missionary later this year during the high-profile trip to the u.s. native americans say he was involved in wiping out indigenous populations. next the big fight that has everyone talking. >> manny pacquioa is great, better than we thought vegas - betting is expected to break records today.
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it's not because of the fight. super saturday next. next.
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today is one of the biggest days in sport of the year some say ever. with five major event on super saturday an enormous amount of money is tied up in bets on all of them. now to the events themselves, starting with the kentucky derby. yes, just a few moments ago the favourite american pharaoh won the first leg of horse racing's triple crowd. back to back wins for victor espinosa n.f.l. draft wraps up. football fans are keeping an eye on the news on their favourite teams. n.b.a. game 7 match-up between the world champions san antonio spurs and the l.a. clippers baseball's big draw is one of the biggest rivalries in the
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game, the new york yankees versus my boston red sox and the hockey playoffs and the biggest draw of the day a massively hyped fight of the century in las vegas. manny pacquioa and floyd mayweather junior square off in the richest fight in boxing history. some are asking if tonight's bout is the sport's last megabattle. on the rides is mixed martial arts growing in popularity. boxing is on the deline. andy gallagher has more on boxing's battle to stay in the game. >> reporter: if this is boxing's last big fight the so-called gentlemen's game is bowing out in a big way. [ chanting ] >> this is just the weigh-in for the anticipated floyd mayweather-manny pacquioa fight and the arena is almost full to capacity some say boxing is steadily losing fans to a new
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sport. >> i'm going for the shot. >> reporter: these are mixed martial arts fighters training to compete in the ultimate fighting championship or u.f.c. it's attracting younger fans. there are more knockouts, more action and a rising roster of stars. but each the professionals here have doubt about competing with boxing. >> boxing has been around forever. it will be around forever. this is a big fight. but i'm pretty sure that when ali fought foreman they said that would be the last big fight. we have been through this before. it's not going to happen nonetheless, the ultimate fighting championship is making inroads here. organizers say the way boxing is run could be the beginning of its down fall. >> boxing is shortsighted and greedy not thinking about the future of the sport. what they did with the tickets.
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only a certainly amount were on sale. then they put them on a secondary market and they are everywhere. they are everywhere they priced the fans out of the fight. there's so many that would love to come to down. >> people in the m.g.m. arena don't mind the prices. many believe the fight could reinvigorate interest in a sport that captivated fans for generations. >> boxing is a sport that will live on. it brought you ufc. it will continue. >> u.f.c. is good but i don't think it will catch up with boxing. boxing is here to stay. it always has been and will be. >> reporter: mixed martial arts comes around in a short space of time. it only please to the u.s. market. globally boxing is king. you only have to soak up the atmoss here here to know that. for now manny pacquioa and
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floyd mayweather draw big crowds and money, but they are promping the end of their career leaving many to what who will take their place. i'm erica pitzi in new york. i'm del walters with a look at today's top stories. victory rallies as residents celebrate charges being filed against police officers. a busy day for rescue crews saving lives or the migrants, and we'll take a closer deeper look at the plight of thousands of migrant children living in the united states but the dangers don't stop at the border.

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