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tv   News  Al Jazeera  May 5, 2015 9:00pm-10:01pm EDT

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>> government surveillance - we need the safeguards but we need to make sure freedom of speech is protected a controversial spying method adopted in france giving security broad powers to spy on just about anyone. >> we all have a stake in what happened here in somali. >> john kerry the first secretary of state to visit war-torn somali two decades after a tragic mission in mogadishu deadly rescue.
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>> dramatic images of migrants rescued after taking a dangerous journey on the high seas. nuclear deterrence. >> i disagree with the trident nuclear missile system on principle a conservant government would order four submarines a difference of opinion for nukes in britain heats up the race n good evening. this is al jazeera america i'm antonio mora. >> i'm libby casey. we begin in paris. long-held french ideals of liberty and security are turned on their head. the french parliament approved a bill expanding abilities to conduct surveillance on civilians. >> the measures set off protests in the streets but not the assembly. the final vote was 438 in
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favour. the bill was drafted in the wake of the "charlie hebdo" massacre. a french law-maker likened it to what the u.s. congress did after the seven attacks. >> translation: it's a french patriot act. we may have more legal protection than the west. it's a law that enables a massive uptake of data. allowing the expanse of individuals that have nothing to do with terrorism, organised crime or spying. >> the bail has to be approved by the french senate but the new recalls will go into effect in summer. >> reporter: security patrols outside the french parliament ahead of the crucial vote. since the attacks in paris four months ago france has been on a heightened state of alert. and now further increases in national security as politicians from across the pit call spectrum vote to broaden state
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surveillance powers. >> translation: the legislation would allow spy agencies to tap phones and emails without the need for permission from a judge. requiring internet companies to monitor activity allowing black boxes to filter communications. the government wants to spend $450 million to recruit extra security and intelligence officers. while lawmakers at the french parliament vote in favour of the digital surveillance bill in the opulence of the foreign ministry journalists have been invited to discuss freedom of expression online - spot the irony. is it possible to balance state security with security. >> we need the safeguards but need to make sure freedom of speech is protected. it's complicated. we have to get it right. >> several leading journalists
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and civil rights groups believe the law can lead to abuses of power. internet companies say it will frighten away customers. >> i think the law should not open this door to abuse. and we know very well, and the history of france of the world, that it is full of cases where secret service, where intelligence organizations have abused the law. with or without the political power, support. >> now that it's flown through parliament the new surveillance bill is certain to become law. threat levels are high, so too is the desire for greater state controls. joining us now from washington is douglas oliphant a senior national security fellow with the new america foundation. good to see you. >> good to see you. >> is france going further than the u.s. patriot act. all of this seems to go further.
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it creates a watchdog board. there's no judicial oversight. >> the devil will be in the detail in the final bill. as we look at it now. it appears that way. there won't be what the critical a basic and insufficient judicial protection in the u.s. patriot act. those will not exist in the french version. >> france's prime minister says the new law is intention, because france's last intelligence law was passed in 1991 before widespread use of the internet and mobile technology. does he have a point? >> he does. the law needs to be updated, and intelligence to deal with the existence of mobile phones and the internet. the question is how existive should the intake of this data be. how much metadata should they grab. the initial signs are that there is an expansive view. the issue is internet traffic
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covers everywhere. presumably the french can intake into account the french emails, but yours and mine. at some point they go through - turn into ones and zeros and go through france at one point. >> it passed with overwhelming support, five to one in favour. to what extent is this similar to what we saw here after 9/11, a reaction to the "charlie hebdo" attacks. is it an over-reaction? >> it's very close. just as you know who wanted to be the person who voted against the patriot act. and there was a successful al qaeda attack a few months or years later. likewise in france who wants to be the french parliament air yab who votes -- parliamentarian who votes against a reform that might stop the "charlie hebdo" attacks. 6 months, 12 months later there's another attack and you are on the line voting against something that could have
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stopped it. it puts it in a bad situation. maybe someone should suggest that this law should be reformed and it doesn't need to be quite as comprehensive as it's set out to be opponents argue that it could threaten the independence of the digital economy giving the government in france power to undertake limitless surveillance of the population do you think that's fair? >> it's implicit in the law as it exists that you can look for whatever it is that you think you need to exist, and the trickle down consequences are interesting. for french business this means that just as american technology companies are under fire for cooperating with national security agency so, likewise will french companies, so they don't have the expansive share that a google does. and will be more vulnerable to financial boycott.
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>> there's a scandal in germany by u.s. individuals and institutions. this legitimizing that at least in france well that will be the united states position that the germans and the french what were notable critics, you know the nsc abuses wikileaks, edward snowden disclosures are mimicking what the united states have done undercutting the early criticism of the united states policy where you rein things in, it seems to expand it. where do you think it will all shake out? >> well it will be interesting to watch the shake out. there's interesting differences. yes, the n.s.a. injests a lot of data in the united states. in the united states the intelligence services are fire walled and don't talk to anyone outside the security services.
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in france it's not the case it's known that court which cooperates and helps in fairs ways with business intelligence. what happens when emails are digested presumably from american german russian, that are competing. there are some very interesting implications here. raises a lot of questions. good to have you with us thanks. >> an american writers group is honouring a french satirical magazine targeted by gunmen. it presented a freedom of expression award to surviving "charlie hebdo" journalists. prominent members boycotted to boycott a decision to honour "charlie hebdo". i.s.i.l. said its followers committed an attack in texas, against an event picturing
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cartoon depictions of prophet muhammad. soldiers of the caliphate staged the shooting. they staged the shooting outside the art show. police shot and killed the gunmen. investigators are trying to determine a motive. the white house says it's too early to say who was behind the attack. >> u.s. is launching efforts to relaunch attacks in yemen. talks in paris will be held heading to saudi arabia to met with diplomats. before leaving, there was a meeting with samantha power about the talks. fighting raged on. tribal leaders say the houthis killed two and captured five soldiers. it comes as the gulf cooperation council gathered to discuss the conflict. >> reporter: yemen and france dominated the agenda at the summit. it otherwise used to be a
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low-key meeting, and comes during a crucial moment for the region. the war in yemen enters its sixth week without results. the houthis are attacking the saudi border city forcing schools to shut down and cancelling flights. the numbers of death are are rising. concern to the saudi arabia king, he will establish a center to coordinate. >> translation: we hope the united nations will participate with what the center holds. with the participation of the country that is supporting the gulf initiative. >> reporter: the french president is the first leader to
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attend. >> translation: you are able to take courageous initiatives. you wage a fight against terrorism. and you were able to develop the idea of a coalition of arab forces. france supports the operation. it's a question of securing the stability of yemen, and you can count on france. >> water from yemen, the leaders discussed the crisis. of importance is the iran perceived interference. >> it has been dressed the importance of reaching a comprehensive agreement guaranteeing the peacefulness of the programme, and ensuring that the countries of the region has the right in the use of nuclear energy under the international atomic energy agency. all the issues will be on the table when the g.c.c. leaders met president obama in washington. the aim is to convey a national
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stance on matters. they are hoping to persuade the use that guarantees for nuclear deals with iraq will not allow it to pursue a nuclear programme or interfere in the arab region nuclear talks with iran are set to resume in a week. comments from secretary of state john kerry draw new threats from iranian officials. the speaker of the parliament warned the u.s. that back tracking results in agreement. he was reacting to the comments on israeli tv. inspections of the nuclear facilities would stay in place forever, and not 10 years, as has been discussed. >> reporter: this is duplicity. they make absurd remarks, because they are contemptible persons dominated by the zionists. if you treat the iranian nation and make multi-stated statements, say something in the talks and react differently. the way will be open to enrich
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the needs. >> iran's representatives return to the negotiating table with e.u. officials on tuesday in vienna. six world powers will rejoin the discussions a first ever for any u.s. secretary of state. >> coming up where the train made history. >> and my conversation with the ugandan president about the security situation in east africa. africa.
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more than two decades after the u.s. pulled out of somali following the tragic downing of a helicopter killing 18 u.s. servicemen secretary of state john kerry arrived in mogadishu to show solidarity in the battle against the al-shabab rebels. >> it was the first visit by a u.s. secretary of state to somali. john kerry's mission on tuesday was to communicate the obama
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administration's support for the fledgeling democracy, three years old. somali gets ready for parliamentary elections in 2016, the secretary of state wanted to show the administration support but also to encourage somali to do more to try to improve its military wap caste, particularly as it is trying to get rid of al-shabab. >> i'm here today because somali is making progress in its mission to turn things around. somali forces have pushed al-shabab out of major population centers. a determined international effort put somali's pirates out of business. >> reporter: they have pledged to use military force to degrade al-shabab. they have to deal with the fact that there's no long-term military tradition.
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kerry wanted to underscore the willingness to help somali develop military capacity finally, he wanted to deliver the message that the rule of law and free expression are important. to that end he made it a point to met with people who were instrumental in trying to make sure that somali has a healthy cultural environment, not just one what is a state security environment. >> rosalind jordan reporting from nairobi. in ondevelopment we look at africa's role in fighting terrorist. christopher is a security studies professor at george town and joins us from d.c. welcome, thank you for being here. >> security concerns and stability are major motivators for secretary kerry's visit to somali. what threat does al-shabab pose not just in somali, but that region. >> certainly.
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one of the things that happened over the last three to five years is as the somali government cotton its feet and dealt with instability and war lordism, al-shabab has become weaker in somali. it like many terrorist organizations has gone out of area in pursuit of interests. as a result, we are seeing al-shabab cross into places like kenya and run operations in uganda and tanzania. these are small operations initially, and are larger operations in recent months. it's likely over time that as this organization loses traction inside somali it will gain traction in neighbouring countries. >> one of the big concerns in the region is the refugee camp the largest in the world. home to more than 300,000 somalis. kenya threatened to close it. secretary of state john kerry announced that it will not shut down for now.
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what are the fears about the camp? >> there are a number of fears. it's a remarkable situation. it's very difficult from a humanitarian perupsetive and from a cross-border security perspective, and the environment where organizations like al-shabab can infiltrate radicalize them and call them into the ranks. to the extent you have the camp, it's a concern. if you don't have it there, there's no way to provide the services and care and protection that the refugees need. look the best solution is for there to be stability and a functioning economy, and strong institutions in somali. it's unlikely we'll receive those things in the near term to allow camps to be shut down. when you talk about sevility in
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the region how do you see the u.s. role going forward, especially the relationship with somali? >> the relationship with somali is important. we are able to offer diplomatic cover and support and carry the water. it's important in terms of the development institutions the creation of infrastructure and the sorts of things necessary to get the economy going. it's important to remember that there are two regions in somali. somaliland and puntland with functions institutions and economies. to the extent that people can build on the model, it's a good way forward. there's residual problems with piracy piracy, something the united states and the international community is taking a role. there's a transporter problem with al-shabab. one of the most important things the united states can do in the near to medium term is help the kenyan government learn the hard lessons that the united states
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learnt from its count insurgency operations in places like afghanistan and iraq. the most important is don't alienate the population from which al-shabab is likely to recruit future weapons a tool or weapon of war - drones were used in a strike to kill a senior leader of al-shabab. do you see that as a course of action. you talk about not ail yebating the -- alienating the population. >> we are talking about the somali population inside kenya, not just in the refugee camp mentioned earlier, but in urban areas in the north. that is a place where al-shabab tried to recruit. the conversation we have about drone strikes in the united states is different from the conversation people have about it in the somali context. there isn't the backlash that we have seen in places like pakistan, it's a little more - i don't want to call it dramatic
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but pragmatic, that the somali government endorsed the use of strikes. they are unlike places like pakistan. there's more united nations coverage for the international community, and states like the united states to go in and deal with piracy and terrorism threats. so from a legal perspective it's not the situation we see elsewhere. and pragmatically the former leader of al-shabab was not well loved among the somali people. he was a source of significant instability and hardship in that country. it's important to keep the local perspective in mind. >> thank you for joining us. >> the president of uganda is in new york city for meetings with the u.n. i sat with him to discuss a variety of topics. we talked about security and the upheaval and the section in africa, from the civil war in south sudan, the central african
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republic, and unrest in the democratic republic of congo. the counter political protest in burundi and the threat of al-shabab in kenya. i asked yoweri museveni about uganda's place. >> the region i live in is interesting. >> that's an optimistic way do it. >> it is interesting. we have commits growing at the rate of 6% 7%. ethiopia uganda. however, we have problems. it's interesting, wrath rather
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than dengs. al-shabab threatening the neighbourhood. they conducted an attack inside uganda during the world cup. how important are the anti-terrorism efforts? >> well, this is not the first time we have dealt with terrorism. it was promoted many years ago in the 1990s. however, we shall fit the terrorists groups. they are defeated. when you see them attacking shopping malls and schools this is of course because they can't attack anything else another army barracks. they cannot attack a police
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station. they cannot attack the convoy they attack soft targets. the moment you take care of that capacity to attack unarmed people, then they will be finished. >> are you hopeful they'll be finished soon. you have to deal with the lord's resistance army what is left of it as well in uganda and congo. >> by being reduced to attacking only the soft targets, that mean they are - the issue is to deprive them of residual capacity. >> people are dying in the soft targets. >> offing. >> uganda has troops in more countries to help with the fights against terrorism and other violence than any other country other than the united
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states. how important is that mission for you? >> well it is important. it's most important, what are the important things are you doing, it's an effort. we are sure it is paying off. >> how important is your relationship with the united states? as you know secretary of state john kerry just visited somali. >> well, our relationship with the united states is good. >> are you cooperating actively in the fight against terrorism in africa? >> yes, yes, where we are involved. we are involved in somali in south suitan. the average american what comes to mind is idy amen who has gone to power. what would you like them to know. it is transforming them from a
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middle class society. it is different. interested in africa. what do you hope for the future of uganda. >> prosperity integration so we have a big market of africans. >> how will that be possible if there is so much violence in so many of the countries around you. >> if you go to the countries that have war in africa. you have an area mali south sudan, you could add others. there are many that are
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peacefulful . we have less war than previously we'll have more on the conversation including homosexual laws, and the future of the presidency. >> grim determination in nepal. 10 days after the earthquake search for the many missing and a view of the migrant crisis in the mediterranean.
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welcome back to al jazeera america. i'm libby casey. >> i'm antonio mora. coming up in this half hour of international news - an attack in egypt that may be linked to i.s.i.l. and a court decision in burundi a look at the stories across the u.s. in the american minute. the new attorney-general lace more work needs to be done in
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baltimore. loretta lynch visited the city meeting with lawmakers and religious leaders and spoke to the family of freddie gray. his death spoke protests and violence this baltimore. it's pledged the justice department will help to reform policing in the city. >> president obama names a pick for the next joint chief of chaff and introduced general joseph dunford, with 40 years of experience in the marines, and was commander of the allied force. republican senator john mclane and lindsay graham enthusiastically praised him a note sent to the judge who ordered them to work in the dzhokhar tsarnaev trial. authorities to the defendant objected to the decision. jurors are tired and finished. the 1979 distance of ayton payes let to the increased awareness
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about missing whig in the united states -- children in the united states i.s.i.l. could be behind an it atake on a base. it happened near the border with gaza. there has been fighting in the area for months. the egyptian military presence cut down on the violence but relations are getting worse. >> reporter: this is what many buildings in the town of rafa look like. buildings, including schools were bombarded by the military between egypt and gaza. egyptian security forces have stormed areas in rafa and evacuating houses. they want to expand the buffer zone to control areas in egypt and prevent cross-border smuggling. despite the deployment attacks are happening. one policeman was killed after an attack. 14 were injured when fighters
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struck a camp. in military videos like this the egyptian army says it gained ground in the sinai peninsula, and insists many parts are free from the control of sinai fighters who align themselves to i.s.i.l. residents say civilians are being arrested, and the egyptian army targets those called terrorist. the continuing operation in border areas means that basic commodities like fuel are in short supply. no trucks have been allowed inside. of course, there's no gasoline. when it comes, lines are as you see, curfew begins at 7:00p.m.. there's standards and working for the next 6-7 hours. in the black markt they fill half the gas tanks with water. we don't know what to do. >> translation: i've been here since six in the morning, it's 2:00 p.m. i've been in line for eight hours, behind me is a line
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that will take another eight hours. the curfew will beat them. egypt extended the state of emergency for another three months. a night time curfew is in space. petrol stations say a maximum of 20 litres of fuel is given to drivers because of a shortage. >> translation: we have been struggling from a shortage of petrol. it's not just the shortage of the product and the long distance from the warehouse and small number of vehicles. there's an issue of security in the region. the army is increasing presence in areas where fighters killed hundreds of soldiers and police men. it has not been able to reduce problems faced by the local population. the u.s. want the united nations to determine who used chemical weapons in syria. a draft resolution is being reviewed. it would authorise a
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fact-finding mission that would allow upinvestigators to determine blame for a series of chlorine gas attacks. the resolution resulting in sanctions and other action. syrian's government and opposition groups denied responsibility. the u.n. is trying to kick start a dormant talk aimed at ending syria's civil war. special envoy sat with syrian diplomats in geneva and invited syrian and non-syrians to met with them to discuss ways to end hostilities. the invitations do not include anyone from i.s.i.l. destruction in nepal is unfolding. a land fall flattened a village. hundreds died, others are missing. andrew simmonds reports. >> reporter: it's a valley leading to one of the popular places in nepal. few would want to go there now.
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what you see below was a large bustling village. trekkers from all over the world travelled here. local people made a good living out of their presence. one avalanche after the earthquake crashed down the mountainside annihilating the village. no one here survived. it's a grim eerie atmosphere. for the workers working day after day in this hard to imagine what they are going through. a spanish search team has arrived. they have only found body taxes. nepal's special forces have been leading the operation. >> there were 180 locals and more than 250 tourist foreign tourists. we found about 42 local bodies. 10 nepalese people, and 10
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foreign tourist bodies. lined up in the gloom, seven bodies are awaiting identification. nepalese and foreigners amongst them. foreign embassies are trying to trace missing people. an enormous if not impossible task lies ahead. finding and identifying all of the bodies. a large number of people living here had sent the children to boarding school leaving many orphanages. >> they lost their family property, everything. it is a shock for them. difficult to survive. the only spif is the building ahead of the village, backed up against the mountainside. two elderly and three children survived. they have left, leaving bodies and searchers behind. new video is underscoring the desperation of african migrants hoping to reach europe.
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stephanie decker reports on the -- dekker reports on the journey. >> reporter: the footage shows how harrowing a rescue can be. a dingy is taking in water. people are panicking. many can't swim. >> survivors board a boat to catania, sicily. >> they try to come close. they threw a rope to us. we were trying to get the rope on the sick. it was not for us to climb on it was to tie the boat and move a ladder. people were in a haste. many jumped inside the water. these people tried their best.
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they throw life jacket but people were in a haste to jump in the water. many lost their life like this. five of them lost the life inside the border it's hard to confirm how many died and how many bodies were recovered. what some tell us as many as 40 people could have lost their lives in the panic. reaching the safety of the rescue boat must have taken an effort. in port they came from libya. >> translation: libya is not easy. they have no problem kill people. that's why they come to us. at least there are laws. >> reporter: as the people wait to be processed there's continuous rescue operations. arrivals at ports we see, and constant rescue operations at sea. we are talking about huge
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numbers of people all with individuals terrible stories to tell. the conflict in libya means many working there have been left with no other choice but to leave. one man told us there was no way he could go home. the only choice was to leave by sea. the footage shows us that a rescue can be deadly. >> two more camps believed to be used for human trafficking has been found in thailand. investigators uncovered human remains at a camp and five graves at the other. officials discovered a camp where they found 26 corpses. police believe the camps are used by a smuggling network. >> thousands of child soldiers in the central african republic could be set free. militia groups agreed to release child soldiers end to end
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recruitment. officials say between 6,000 and 10,000 children are fighting with rebel groups, and the u.n. now needs to see it put in practice a picture of the u.k.'s nuclear defense system could be in trouble. political demonstrations turned into violent confrontations in guinea.
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political unrest in the west african nation of guinea police used tear gas. they are rallying over the way the government is staging elections, saying officials are stacking they will in their favourite. gun shots were reported and 30 wounded. the clashes have been brewing for weeks. >> reporter: things turned violent when police in guinea's capital tried to stop people demonstrating against election plans. protesters threw stones and set fire to tyres to keep security forces away. some have appealed to the
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president for an end to the fighting. >> translation: they should try to bring peace to the country. people are killed every day others are wounded. >> reporter: police sent in reinforcements rounding up protesters saying demonstrations were organised without approval. gun fire was heard people hit. it's not clear who is to blame, says the government. >> we regret to say they are victims of targeted shooting. no one can say that the bullets came from security officers. we demand the opposition comes to its senses and returns to the negotiating table so we can find a solution much >> reporter: opposition groups are angry because of the timing of the locations.
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there has been protests since march when the electoral commission announced elections in october. the opposition says it goes against a promise by the government to hold delays for local elections first. >> translation: we continue because we have claims that have to be decided. our claims are legitimate. the aim is to make authorities honour the commitment and respect the laws of the republic. >> a number of people were killed in april after similar violence in guinea's main cities and towns. opposition groups annoyanced last week -- announced plans for peaceful demonstrations would be widened into a show of defiance moving east to burundi similar scenes of violence that is escalating. the high court ruled that the president is not violating the
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constitution pierre nkurunziza by seeking a third term in office, even though documents allowed for one. they refused to renew the ruling fleeing to rwanda joining several thousand burundians. >> reporter: activists reject the ruling of the constate eyeingsal court that declared president pierre nkurunziza to run for a third term. they say it's not valid because four of the court's judges fled the country, siting intimidation, and a call from the judge saying all the protesters would be released if the protest stopped. the activists say it's their right to protest and they will continue to do so. we are hearing reports that hundreds of protesters are coming in from the outskirts of a city coming down from the hills. there's no signs of things calming down
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in britain, politicians are you trying to wow voters in an election push. voters will head to the polls. the conservatives and the labour party are neck and neck. neither is likely to win a majority in parliament. that means after the election he'll have to negotiate with smaller parties. an issue in the election is britain's nuclear submarine defense system known as triedent. the next parliament and prime minister will have to decide if to renew it. >> reporter: it's an explosive issue in britain's general election, what to do with the ageing fleet of trident nuclear-armed submarines. >> a conservative government orders for replacement submarines. david cameron and his conservative party want to upgrade the nuclear fleet. the opposition liberal labour party, led by ed miliband
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pledged to renew trident. >> we are committed to an independent nuclear deterrent. >> labour left the door open to cutting the fleet. and the scottish national party, which could be the third largest party is dead set against nuclear weapons, let alone spending $17.5 million to upgrid trident. >> i disagree with renewing the trident system on principle. >> it's not just the brits who are invested. >> n.a.t.o. is an alliance of 28 countries. >> he may be billed as the independent nuclear shield, but is a pillar of n.a.t.o.'s capabilities. >> it's clear from the noises that they value the u.k. deterrence. britain's conservative leaders made campaign fodder over what message scrapping trident would
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send to russia during a time of heightened tensions to the west. >> it could be a wedge for russia to exploit. n.a.t.o. continues to have, you know a significant deterrent team if the u.k. voted to move away from it. >> it's easy to make campaign promises and another to keep them after polling day. with demands weighing on the u.k. budget. ardent supporters find that britain's independent nuclear shield is an insurance policy it can no longer afired to maintain. >> in france, a day after the national front party suspended its chairman le pen is cutting ties with marine le pen, his daughter. he called her a traitor and is ashamed she shares his name. he said in a radio interview that he hoped his daughter lost the election. leaders at the national front say it justifies a decision to
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remove him. he was responded for statements minimising the holocaust the saudi arabia king fired the chief of royal protocol after slapping a photographer. it happened when the monarch was welcoming the king. the saudi press agency say he was replaced raul castro will have an audience with pope francis. he will stop at the vatican for a private meeting. pope francis will make a state visit to cuba in september. kavt castro was in moscow jetblue is starting flights from new york to havana. the new york-based airline is the first to offer new service since travel restrictions were eased. flights to begin july 3rdrd. the u.s. treasury and commerce
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department approved a ferry service. four companies were awarded licences. under the u.s. embargo americans are not allowed to travel to tourism for tourism. it can only be lifted by congress. >> a teacher strike in brazil is spreading. >> students and other groups are joining the fight against pension reform. >> an ancient copy of 10 commandments is about to go on display.
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all across italy streets were filled with students and teachers walking out of classes to protest at education reforms considered by the government. the good school law include hiring 100,000 on permanent contracts and offers pay increases based on merritt. rather than senior yority, it re assigned teachers and compels teachers to undergo 50 unpaid hours of training. >> similar protests in brazil.
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>> teachers avoided the violence of last week as they announced checks in pension fund. we have this report teachers came from all over for the march. they were joined by colleagues from neighbouring states students and those concerned about tough measures applied by the state government to deal with a national economy that seems to be running out of the steam. >> the flowers approach against bombs they threw at us. if they throw bombs, we'll respond with flowers. i'm going to campaign in my school, so my students can understand. the lack of respect cannot continue many of us are here because in our classrooms we don't have teachers or desks or a decent infrastructure. >> there was no repeat of last week's violence when more than 200 were injured.
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after police opened fire with tear gas rubber bullets and water canons. protesters marched peacefully. protesters tried to storm the parliament. they never answered requests for interviews. >> the protests is about teacher's pensions. it symbolizes wider issues. austerity is necessary, and not all suggests that they are. these people say that teachers should not be the main target. >> they have been an strike for six weeks, affecting 1 million pupils and in four other states. it's part of an opposition for the deposit. not just over austerity, but over corruption and what many perceive as a loss of direction. >> reviewing the situation in which there is a gap in dialogue between civil servants and the government. some of these teachers take the complaints to the national government in the capital.
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their argument that without motivated teachers and well-founded schools, the future is bleak in our global view segment, we look at how news outlets react to various event. "the guardian" is weighing in on the controversy in relation to the award for "charlie hebdo". the headline reads: the paper writes - the award is for maintaining the right to free speech in the face of threat and violence, and it is not about "the content of every skit, report and cartoon." >> britain's "telegraph" writes: the paper rites that the flaws
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in western foreign policy reveal an excess of optimism and simple solutions for complex problems this editorial from "the daily star", shows the grim reaper saying "i need a break after the work in africa mediterranean, nepal and the middle east", it's been a tragic time. >> the u.s. dropped two spots in the countries ranked the best place to be a mother. the annual report by save the children puts the u.s. at 31st. one out of 1800 american women is at risk of maternal desk. the worst. in the top 10 ranked countries are european other than australia. norway finland iceland, denmark, sweden netherlands, spain, germany and belgium. other than haiti, the countries at the bottom are in afghanistan sea. sierra leone, guinea ver sal, chad ivory coast, gandia
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niger, central african republic and the democratic republic of congo and somali. the survey considers the status of mothers and children in areas like health, education, economics and politics hundreds gathered in mexico city to commemorate the battle of peb la. it happened on 6 may 1862. the mexican army defeated french troops that invaded the country. re-enactors fired guns and canons others danced in celebration. >> the complete copy of the 10 commandments will go on public display in europe. it will be on display in the israel museum in jerusalem. the ancient scrolls will return to a pitch-black climate controlled facility tomorrow melting at an alarming rate. the danger caused by the retreat of a new zealand dangerous glacier.
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>> that's it for this edition. i'm libby casey. >> i'm antonio mora. "america tonight" is next. i will see you again in an hour. on "america tonight" the fight to stop fracking. >> we are talking about 12,000 fracking wells along the st lawrence river. i could not stand by people that stood up against a giant in their community and found themselves crushed by the law. also ahead - trouble in the neighbourhood. when the natural gas boom brings unwelcome newcomers. >> we are in america and want to know the five or six guys on