migrants. we met some rescued from the mediterranean. and one of the new zealand's famous glaciers dramatically changing the landscape. >> the war in yemen spilt over to saudi arabia. houthi fighters attacked the saudi border city. inside yemen intense battles taking place. it's reported that 12 houthi fighters have been killed in an ambush on the outskirts of a city in aden. there has been fierce battles. and 10 houthis reportedly killed and a number of civilians injured. the king of saudi arabia told golf leaders that they must stand up to iran accused of backing the houthis. the king announced the setting
up of a center to organise fad and aid. >> reporter: yemen and france dominated the summit. it comes as a crucial moment for the region. the war in yemen enters its sixth week without clear result. instead of being pushed out of aden and sanaa, the houthis attack a saudi border city. forcing schools to shut down and cancelling flights. the numbers of civilians deaths rise, a concern leading to the announcement by the king to establish a center to coordinate humanitarian efforts. >> translation: we hope the united nations will participate effectively with what the center will do. including coordinating humanitarian and relief works with the popes of the countries poring the initiative.
>> reporter: the french president is the first leader to attend the summit here to assure golf leaders that they are a threat. >> we are here to fight against terrorism in the struggle again daiichi, and you identified the idea of an arab coalition forces. it's a question of ensuring the stability of yemen, and you can count on friend. >> reporter: apart from yemen the g.c.c. leaders discussed syria, iraq and palestine of importance is the iran nuclear programme and tehran's perceived interference. >> leaders stressed the importance of reaching a final agreement gardening the peacefulness of the iranian programme, and ensuring that the countries have the right to use peaceful nuclear energy.
>> reporter: all these issues will be on the table when leaders get president obama in washington next week to convey a united stance. the leaders will persuade the u.s. that any deal will not allow it to pursue a nuclear weapons programme or allow it to interfere. the u.n. says it needs more than $273 million in emergency funds, but a diplomatic solution to end the conflict is the highest priority. >> that is precisely what we at the united nations call for, a ceasefire. an end to the hostilityies, to put the conflict back into pa political process. absolutely we need respect for the vital infrastructure. we need the airports to be open the ports to be open.
yemen is 90% gpt on imports for the food and fuel. this is just a massive logistical operation, and this has been interrupted by the last weeks of conflict to other news much several hundred arrested by nigeria's nij why are recovering in clinics. many are traumatized. al jazeera's correspondent travelled to met some of them. con fused and traumatized. this child saw her mother hit and killed by a stray bullet the day the army came to their rescue. she has hardliate or slept. today a break through. she is one of 275 people brought to the camp after months in boko
haram captivity. the camp clinic is coping with another waive of displaced. a one week old baby here after a horrific experience at the hands of boko haram. this woman saw her husband decapitated for the fighters. >> they slit the stroke of our husband. when they discovereded they were pregnant they were disappointed. >> they gave a deadline. the following day they were rescued by the military. now here we are. >> haunted by experiences of the past five, the mother of four is worried about the future. others speak of rain and abuses. >> despite being muslim and married the commander ordered us to convert to their brand of
islam or be their slave. we refused. we saw them forcefully marry five among us. there were forceful conversions, marriages and abuses. in a rare stroke of luck, she and her five children survived captivity and military activity. they may be free but they are dealing with what happened over the last few months. there's little psychological dancing in the camp. officials are worried about the health and other challenges that victims place. >> those on their own, it was difficult. >> for now, they are trying to make sense of their ordeal and their freedom. another battle lies ahead. will they be accepted by their own communities now that they are free. some are hopeful they will not be stigmatized.
more are worried that their pain and sorrow is far from over boko haram targeted areas across the border in nigeria, forcing thousands to leave their homes. the situation is deteriorating into a humanitarian crisis. they walked for days with aching stomachs and dry mouth. >> boko haram killed my brother and burnt my shop. we have been on the road for three days without food. >> a u.n. official says more than 5,000 people living on islands in lake trad walked to safety in south-eastern niger of the thousand more are expected to arrive. when they do, they and what little they are taking with them are searched. >> we do this to protect the
citizens and look for members that may infiltrate. >> nigeria and cameroon met in the chad area. they are in the midst of a joint offensive in boko haram. the armed group fought back. it was blamed for killing dozens of soldiers stationed on a base. the government urged people in the area to leave because it was worried about attacks. once they reached safety some complained that officials are not prepared to help. >> i have nothing. i don't have food water, the situation is fast. a local official says the government is distributing aid and managing the influx of displaced people. with thousands expected to leave their homes it will continue to confront areas that are a growing humanitarian crisis in the region the u.n. says two tanzanian
peacekeepers will be killed in the democratic republic of congo. they died in an ambush. the head of u.n.e.s.c.o. a peace-keeping mission, condemned the death pictures emerged of a rescue operation in the mediterranean sea trying to save people crammed into a dingy. the footage was shot from a commercial vessel which came to their rescue on sunday. stephanie dekker spoke to some of the survivors. >> reporter: the footage shows how harrowing a rescue can be. a dingy is taking in water. people are panicking. many can't swim.
we spoke to survivors brought to catania, sicily. >> they try to come close. they threw a rope to us. we were trying to get the rope we were trying to get the rope it was not for us to climb on, it was to tie the boat and move a ladder. people were in a haste to pull the rope to climb up. many jumped inside the water. these people tried their best. they throw life jacket but people were in a haste to jump in the water. they could not swim. many lost their life like this. five of them lost the life inside the border it's hard to confirm how many died and how many bodies were recovered. what some tell us, as many as 40 people could have lost their lives in the panic. reaching the safety of the rescue boat must have taken an effort. in port, they came from libya.
>> translation: libya is not easy. they have no problem kill people. that's why we come here. even if we don't know what will happen at least there are laws. >> reporter: as the people wait to be processed there's continuous rescue operations. arrivals at ports we see, and constant rescue operations at sea. we are talking about huge numbers of people, all with individuals terrible stories to tell. the conflict in libya means many working there have been left with no other choice but to leave. one man told us there was no way he and others could go home. the only choice was to leave by sea. the footage shows us that a rescue can be deadly. coming up on al jazeera ...
the southern border region between yemen and saudi arabia. it forced saudis to close schools and flights to and from the airport have been suspended saudi arabia announced the creation of a new humanitarian center to coordinate aid effort. it comes after renewed calls by the misty upham for a pause in the cam tape to allow aiden. pictures emerged of a diagramics rescue operation of the mediterranean sea trying to save people crammed into a rubber dinky. it was shot from a commercial vessel which came to its rescue on sunday. tibetans prayed at a temple pore than a week after an earthquake flattened nepal. many came to light oil lamps. more than 7,000 died in the quake. an avalanche outside the capital that followed the earthquake left nearly 200 dead and police
say 120 people, including nepalese nationals and foreign trekkers are missing. there's little hope of anyone being found alive. andrew simmonds flew there with an army relief team and sent this report. >> reporter: it's a valley leading to one of the popular places in nepal. few would want to go there now. what you see below was a large bustling village. trekkers from all over the world travelled here. local people made a good living out of their presence. now there's nothing left. one earthquake followed by an of large destroyed everything. the massive avalanche crashed down the mountainside annihilating this village. no one here survived. it's a grim eerie atmosphere. for the workers working day after day in this, hard to imagine what they are going through. a spanish search team has
arrived to help. they have only found body parts. nepal's special forces have been leading the operation. >> there were 180 locals and more than 250 tourist, foreign tourists. we found about 42 local bodies. 10 nepalese people from outside the area, and 10 foreign tourist bodies. lined up in the gloom, seven bodies are awaiting identification. nepalese and foreigners amongst them. foreign embassies are trying to trace missing people. an enormous, if not impossible task lies ahead. finding and identifying all of the bodies. a large number of people living here had sent their children to boarding school, leaving many orphanages. >> they lost their family, property, everything. it is a shock for them. difficult to survive.
the only positive is the building ahead of the village, backed up against the mountainside. two elderly people and three children survived. they have left, leaving bodies and searchers behind. negotiators from the e.u. and iran will resume talks in vienna on a deal to curb tehran's nuclear programme. the e.u. said officials from six world powers will join the talks on 15 may. negotiators are expected to continue the work drafting the text of what is called the joint comprehensive plan of action. it will pave the way to ensure the nuclear programme is used for peaceful purposes. the e.u. and u.s. will lift sanctions imposed on iran. the deadline to sign the deal is end of june u.n. backed talks to end the conflict in syria are taking place in geneva.
the misty upham special envoy has been meeting with the government and rebel representatives, and regional players, including iran. two of the biggest groups have not been asked to take part in the talks. iraq's government sent reinforcements to protect the beige oil refinery. fighters from islamic state of iraq and levant have been trying to capture the facility it's the biggest, located on the road to mosul;. fighters allied with i.s.i.l. are believed to be behind the attacks on a multi base in northern sinai. the region saw bombing and attacks for months. people are living in fear and without basic services as we have in this report. >> reporter: this is what many buildings in the egyptian downs of rafa look like.
buildings, including schools were bombarded by the military between egypt and gaza. egyptian security forces have stormed areas in rafa and evacuating houses before destroying the, they want to expand the buffer zone to control areas in egypt and prevent cross-border smuggling. despite the deployment attacks are happening. one policeman was killed when a police station was attacked. 14 were injured when fighters struck a camp. in military videos like this, the egyptian army says it gained ground in the sinai peninsula, and insists many parts of northern sanai are free from the control of sinai fighters, who align themselves to i.s.i.l. residents say civilians are being arrested, and the egyptian army targets those called terrorists. the continuing operation in border areas means that basic commodities like fuel are in short supply.
for months no trucks have been allowed inside. of course, there's no gasoline. when it comes, lines are as you see, curfew begins at 7:00p.m.. there's standing all day look waiting for gas. and then work for the next 6-7 hours. in the black market they fill half the gas tanks with water. we don't know what to do. >> translation: i've been here since six in the morning, it's 2:00 p.m. i've been in line for eight hours, behind me is a line that will take another eight hours. the curfew will beat them. egypt extended the state of emergency for another three months. a night time curfew is in space. petrol stations say a maximum of 20 litres of fuel is given to drivers because of a shortage. >> translation: fro a while we have been struggling from a shortage of petrol in all it's forms. it's not just the shortage of the product and the long distance from the warehouse and small number of vehicles.
there's an issue of security in the region. the army is increasing presence in areas where fighters killed hundreds of soldiers and police men. it has not been able to reduce problems faced by the local population. german rail operators deutsch partners call for a mediation dispute. the drivers began a strike over pay and working hours. the strike crippled public transport across germany. politicians in france approved a bill strengthening surveillance by the state. it will allow spy agencies to tap phones and emails without permission from a judge, and received widespread report since the attack on the "charlie hebdo" office in january. >> people in the u.k. are voting in a general election on thursday. domestic issues like health care and the economy held center taug. british foreign policy is out of
the picture. >> the foreign and commonwealth office in london is having work done on it. it's a good time for it. the civil servants work is going on hold. who will become the u.k.'s leading diplomat and will other countries sit up and take notice. >> there's no surprise that foreign policy has not played much of a role during the campaign. it's mostly been about the economy. there is a question about the extent to which the two main parties here continue to have a big strategic vision for the u.k.'s place in the world, and the extent to which the rest of the world values the u.k.'s opinion on many of these things. consider some of the biggest issues in the middle east. labour and the conservative parties ended up opposing an iranian backed government. and supporting an iranian backed government in baghdad. the conservative deposit gets rid of muammar gaddafi in libya, but neither it nor the labour
party accepted that it lead to an exodus and doors to syrian refugees are closed. the scs conservatives wouldn't offer a politician, but the others said this. >> many talk about the crisis under tony blair and gordon brown. some mentioned the iraq war as a pi role. certainly britain's roll in afghanistan. >> other policies confused voters. if i.s.i.l. is a threat why is the u.k. shrinking its army but spending $150 billion on weapons. these things are a gift to the conservative parties. >> i am sure an snp large enough to influence thinking could free the labour party or so many from
recent flirtations with a tony blair new labour center right approach which is what they have done in recent years. >> if you are the palestinian ambassador to the u.k. and you know a majority of citizens want recognition, you wonder why haven't they done it. >> how dem okay accuracy can work. the government is on the other end. there's no synchronization in a system considered to be democratic. this they cannot under. that is why we are so reticent in accepting the western democracy. it's outlandish. it's full of contradictions. >> the criticism of the u.k. is that it no longer guides event, ran out of money and looks to richer countries rather than making the mark on the world. the question is how impressive all of that still looks.
an accident on an oil well platform killed two, injuring 10 in the gulf of mexico. pan ex says it was getting ready to do maintenance work when one of the rigs collapsed. federal prosecutors announced an investigation. a long-running protest against a copper mining project in peru claimed a second life. 500 protesters tried to block a highway. two weeks ago police shot dead a farmer. farmers and residents fear the project will contaminate the agricultural valley. >> scientists in new zealand discovered one of the famous glaciers is retreating at an alarming rate. leaving behind unstable rock walls. >> wayne hay reports. glaciers are one of nature's awe-inspiring features. they were constantly changing and in the case of the fox
glacier on the west coast of the new zealand's south island. retreating quickly. >> there's a dramatic picture. and we are starting to see dramatic changes on the hill cleans themselves -- i hill slopes themselves. >> the rate of change was highlighted when a group of scientists released images taken over 10 years. the time lapse shot over a few months showed how, as the ice melts, valley walls became unstabled and col oped. visitors are not allowed to climb on to the bottom. >> we had to adjust the business. all of our transcript. most up on to the upper ice fall. >> since the late 1800st. the fox retreated 3km. it fluctuates.
in recent times the changes sped up. at the top a clue as to why the new zealand glaciers were sensitive to change. >> the fox glassier has a large catchment area, and it flows to a steep and narrow valley. combine that with high levels of know and rain fall and changes at the top are magnified below. >> what we see now is unprecedented. it was about the same size in 1983 because of low snow fall. it had a huge growth apart again. what they don't know is what will happen next. we know they retreat, advance, and relate to the regional winners. but it's possible that we won't see it readvance to the same position it readvanced last time in about 2009. >> it's possible it will retreat unless the patterns surrounding
the country align to decrease temperatures and increase snow fall. and you can seymour of our stories and reporting on the environment and the rest of the day's news on the website at aljazeera.com. hour. on "america tonight", the fight to stop fracking. >> we are talking about 12,000 lawrence river. i could not stand by people that stood up against a giant in their community and found themselves crushed by the law. also ahead - trouble in the neighbourhood. when the natural gas boom brings unwelcome newcomers. >> we are in america and want to know the five or six guys on here, you know who they are, we don't know. >> honestly, once we hav